A database for crop protection products it is a complete and constantly updated list capable of leading operators to make an informed choice. If created and updated by professionals, it is able to provide all the necessary information on crop protection products and their use.
There are many plant protection products and research on substances and their environmental impact is in constant motion, as are the regulations concerning them.
Like drugs for human use, each product has precise indications, properties and peculiar uses, which make it impossible to remember everything by heart and use each product in the right way.
The production license for a crop protection product is also temporary by its very nature: considering the changes it undergoes over time, each product can change over time and make a description issued only a few months earlier obsolete.
The same products of a company can be withdrawn from the market or replaced with new formulations. Therefore, having a constantly updated database is important to keep up with the changes in the offer on the market.
The use of crop protection products is strictly regulated at international level: the central management is EFSA, the European Union body dedicated to the protection of food products.
In Italy, the competence lies with the Ministry of Health, which has the task of controlling and authorizing the sale and use of crop protection products. For each product, therefore, there is a strict regulation regarding doses and methods of use; a databank of crop protection products it also reports all this stream of information. For each product, the label, composition, relevant legislation, physical and chemical characteristics of the active ingredient can be found and viewed.
Professionals choose professionals: BDF srl is specialized in the management of databases, with the aim of collecting, cataloging and managing in a professional way the data relating to the various technical means in agriculture, to favor the correct use of the products in compliance with the regulations in force. . A team with thirty years of experience is now involved in disseminating knowledge on agropharmaceuticals to over 2000 users of its database, in which they find all the useful information to manage the phytosanitary defense of the crops of their interest, be they fruit, horticultural, herbaceous. or others.
There are different search criteria in the management of the database by the operator. The main ones are:
A well-structured database allows you to select the appropriate agropharmaceutical based on your needs, constantly monitoring the law on the matter. More attention to the operator, more attention to the environment.
Do you think the information in this article is incomplete or inaccurate? Send us a report to help us improve!
Violence against women is "a tragedy, indeed a priority, which we have a duty to remember and fight with all our strength". Thus the mayor of Turin Chiara Appendino on the occasion of the National Day against violence against women celebrated in the Red Room by the councilors with a red bow and with a chair with the words 'occupied place', symbol of femicides. For Appendino it is a phenomenon "even more dangerous since, before the atrocious facts narrated by the news, male and gender violence sediments in culture. Much more than we think. I hope, once again - he writes on Fb - that force on culture, education and training, and I thank those who act and pursue this change every day ". "If you are a victim of violence or you know someone who is, do not hesitate to contact the emergency numbers, the help desks and the anti-violence centers. The institutions are at your side", is the appeal of Appendino.
'Here is the new metro station 1, Bengasi'. The mayor of Turin, Chiara Appendino, writes it.
Fatal accident this afternoon, Tuesday 6 April, on the North Ring Road of.
"We can't promote everyone like last year." The school leaders of Turin e.
A bond by which the Metropolitan City of Turin, the beneficiary of funds.
Today the Crisis Unit of the Piedmont Region reported 852 new cases of people.
'This morning there was a big misunderstanding, I am grateful to the Municipality of Turin for offering me.
The operations of the Fire Brigade continue to put out the fire that from this morning.
A bond with which the Metropolitan City of Turin, the beneficiary of funds.
There are many plant protection products and research on substances and their environmental impact is in constant motion, as are the regulations concerning them. Just as for drugs for human use, each product has precise indications, properties and specific uses, it would therefore be impossible to remember everything by heart.
Not to mention that when a crop protection product is approved, the production license is temporary, so it is useful to have support in a market exposed to continuous releases of old products and new entries. In short, when it comes to crop protection products, relying on a database is essential, the only way to have everything under control. In this case, it can be said that computer science and chemistry go hand in hand, making each other indispensable.
The use of crop protection products is also strictly regulated at international level: the central management is EFSA, the European Union body dedicated to the protection of food products.
In Italy the competence is of Ministry of Health, which has the task of controlling and authorizing the sale and use of crop protection products. For each product, therefore, there is a strict regulation regarding doses and methods of use, a database of crop protection products also contains all this information. For each product, the label, composition, relevant legislation, physical and chemical characteristics of the active ingredient can be found and viewed.
Professionals choose professionals: BDF srl is specialized in the management of databases and its mission is to collect, catalog and manage in a professional way the data relating to the various technical means in agriculture and make them available to the various operators, favoring a correct use of the products in compliance with current regulations. A team that boasts thirty years of experience and can boast over 2000 users of its own database where they find all the useful information to manage the phytosanitary defense of the crops of their interest, be they fruit, horticultural, herbaceous or others.
RICE: CAMBODIA OUTSIDE THE EBA REGIME?
Violation of human rights, workers' rights, rights to political participation and freedom of assembly, expression and association. Of all this - informs the regional Coldiretti - the Commission that is evaluating the temporary suspension of the EBA (Everything But Arms) regime for Cambodia has evidence.
This decision is therefore based on purely humanitarian and not economic aspects, as was the case, however, for the safeguard clause on rice imports. "Made in Piedmont rice cultivation could benefit - explains Paolo Dellarole president of Coldiretti Vercelli and Biella with responsibility for the rice sector - since, after the reintroduction of duties on milled and semi-processed rice decided with the adoption of the safeguard clause, it means that, if at the end of the European monitoring of Cambodian social conditions, the removal of EBA preferences will be confirmed, duties will also return to unprocessed rice ”.
"Our battles for rice, from labeling to the safeguard clause, and stirring up conscience through the documentary Rice to Love, which we had director Stefano Rogliatti made in Burma, are bringing the first positive signs. Now we need to unhinge an almost medieval system of marketing where industrial speculation reigns - underline Roberto Moncalvo president of Coldiretti Piemonte and Bruno Rivarossa Confederal Delegate -.
Basically, there are 4 subjects who, by signing a cartel, have 70% of the rice market in their hands: it is time to put an end to a situation that is now unsustainable for rice producers, also mocked by the Risi Authority which, by now, has long since abandoned its role of defense and promotion of Italian rice production, so much so that it has not even expressed itself on the compulsory labeling of origin, due to a clear subjection to the industrial lobbies. The same lobbies, the same big rice brands that continue to reject supply chain projects which, on the other hand, would allow us to plan sowing and the right remuneration for the work of our rice growers ".
From the territory
MALTEMPO, SERRE DESTROYED: COLDIRETTI WRITES TO THE PREFECT
We have written to the Prefect and to the agricultural inspectorates, we are monitoring the situation which appears to be truly disastrous. There are destroyed greenhouses, isolated areas where there is still no water and electricity, vegetables that cannot be harvested. This was stated by the president of Coldiretti of Syracuse, Alessandra Campisi. Every hour there are testimonies of damaged structures and crops, aggravating an infrastructural state that is truly at the limit where the internal roads look like war paths.
Even in Ragusa the damage to the greenhouse structures are added to the existing problems - adds Calogero Fasulo, director of Coldiretti iblea and Siracusa -. The affected areas are above all Chiaramonte Gulfi, Ispica, Pozzallo and Santa Croce Camerina. We are monitoring the damage but we still have to wait for a quantification. Certainly this is another very hard blow to the agricultural economy of Eastern Sicily in the transformed zone where in the last period there has been a collapse in sales prices.
REGGIO EMILIA, CONTROLLED TRACIMATION OF THE PO: DEFINITIVE GOOD MOUTHPIECE
"Well the rejection of the hypothesis of controlled overflow of the Po river, listening to the concerns of and for those who live near the large river banks", comments the director of Coldiretti of Reggio Emilia Assuero Zampini the unanimous rejection by the council of the Consorzio di Bonifica Terre dei Gonzaga in Destra Po of the hypothesis of experimentation of a controlled overflow in some sections of the embankments supported by the Basin Authority and by Aipo.
"The risk that the overflow may not be as controlled as hypothesized is real - continues Zampini". The councilors representing the Reggio Emilia shore, Benatti Giuseppe and Binacchi Vanni, defended this position and supported the opposition of the territories of the province of Reggio Emilia. In danger are not only the floodplain areas and agricultural land but the entire urban area and industrial and artisanal settlements.
CALABRIA, CITRUS PRODUCERS IN GREAT FAILURE
It is truly paradoxical: high prices for clementines for consumers and only crumbs for producers. “This is happening on the market and our citrus growers - comments Franco Aceto President of Coldiretti Calabria - are in great trouble testified by the impossibility not only to take stock, but to keep faith with their economic and financial commitments. A market - says Aceto - which in the last campaign never took off and this penalized the economy of the Ionian territory between Sibari and Corigliano - Rossano Calabro, but also in the Rosarno-Gioia Tauro plain, in the Lametino and also in other areas of the region. The disproportion is sensational: for every euro spent by the consumer on fresh clementines - only 12/20 cents end up in the hands of those who cultivated the land and harvested the fruit. For some time now, we have not only raised a cry of alarm, but also made concrete proposals asking the Region for a close convergence with the Ministry of Agriculture, which in recent days has allocated only € 10 million for the relaunch of citrus growing ".
However, it is necessary to be authoritative on this path - reiterates Coldiretti - because it also means having the courage and the ability to follow innovative paths to identify a fair redistribution of added value within the supply chain and bring the price to production at a fair level, avoiding positions. dominant to the detriment of the weaker components: citrus growers, consumers and consequently workers.
It is essential that the supply chain guarantees transparency and that the right price can be recognized for farmers who can no longer produce without even covering production costs. It is necessary to re-establish the relationship with the large-scale retail trade (GDO) which distributes most of the products and on this issue the role that national and regional governments can play is fundamental and similarly, they could activate or favor price support policies, in a to avoid what has repeatedly occurred in recent marketing campaigns.
There is a need for a tightening of controls on citrus fruits imported from abroad that invade the internal market and the launch of sweeping checks also in general markets to ensure that the product's origin is clearly indicated on the labels. Our dossier on the citrus crisis, presented to the region, highlights a dramatic trend that has heavy effects. Without prejudice to the possibility of ensuring production against disasters using the support of the EU, specific measures must also be activated, based on the National Solidarity Fund, together with other measures that need to be initiated at the regional level.
And here are the requests: 1) An intervention at Arcea to ensure the rapid disbursement of the CAP and PSR balances relating to the 2018 and previous years to all the damaged farmers 2) recognition of the state of natural disaster due to excess rain, floods and frosts of 2018 and early 2019 3) the adoption of a single-issue tender under measure 4.1 of the RDP for the varietal conversion of citrus fruits, in order to improve competitiveness on the market 4) The establishment of an aid scheme regional, to address the crisis situation, with the adoption of the Citrus Plan 5) the establishment of a supply chain table to re-discuss the relationships between the actors and counter the dominant positions. “We have - concludes Aceto - the great responsibility to enhance this heritage with effective measures and income support. If we do not want the citrus groves to be abandoned and the countryside depopulated, we must work quickly to identify the necessary solutions ”.
MASSA CARRARA, ENVIRONMENT: ONLY 9.3 SQM OF GREEN HEAD TO MASS
Early spring, climatic changes and… smog. 2019 ranks, so far, in third place among the hottest years on the planet, recording an average temperature on the surface of the Earth and the oceans, even 0.88 degrees higher than the average of the twentieth century. This is what emerges from the Coldiretti calculations for the month of January, based on the Noaa database, the National Climatic Data Center which has collected data since 1880. An anomaly that has also affected Italy and the province of Massa Carrara with minimum temperatures are was 2.2 degrees above the average in the first ten days of February, according to Coldiretti elaborations on Ucea data.
The combined effect of climate change, traffic and the reduced availability of green spaces that help combat fine dust and gaseous pollutants is favoring smog in cities. “In Massa Carrara each citizen has only 9.3 square meters of urban green available per capita. - explains Francesca Ferrari, President of Coldiretti Massa Carrara - A green availability that has been further reduced in recent years so as to push our province to the bottom of the Legambiente ranking among the least green cities in Italy due to lack of strict environmental policies. For some time now we have been witnessing continuous climate change so that we can no longer just chase emergencies, but we need to intervene in a structural way by favoring the spread of public and private green spaces which help to combat fine dust and gaseous pollutants ”.
There are two data on which to reflect: according to Istat (data referring to 2013) urban furniture areas cover 8.2% of the surface (national average 9.2%) while that of urban gardens 0.6%. Better, much better equipped green areas with 49.3% against 14.8% nationally. Private individuals can do much more, also thanks to the green bonus: "In this sense, the green bonus is certainly helpful - explains Ferrari - which provides for deductions of 36% for the care of terraces and gardens, both private both condominium ". The measure, confirmed in the last maneuver thanks also to the pressing of Coldiretti, currently provides for a deduction for Irpef purposes in the amount of 36% of the expenses incurred for the green arrangement of private and condominium uncovered areas of existing buildings, real estate units, appurtenances o fences (gardens, terraces), for the construction of irrigation systems, wells, green roofs and hanging gardens. "It is a useful tool to qualify urban areas but - concludes the President of Coldiretti - also to reduce the impact of pollutants in cities".
VENETO / PADUA, THE HEART OF THE CRUSHED TREES CONTINUES TO BEAT
The heart of the trees crashed in the Asiago plateau continues to beat thanks to the solidarity of the Venetians. Symbolically, Donne Impresa Coldiretti Padua has promoted the initiative to offer in exchange for charity carvings made from larch trees in the markets of Campagna Amica and in the farmhouses of Terranostra on the occasion of the feast of lovers. 'Well, it was a success in the squares and in the clubs - reveals Valentina Galesso provincial president of female entrepreneurs - and in addition to word of mouth the idea has also gone viral on social media. We have requests and orders for ceremonies, souvenirs, events.
Pro Loco, private individuals, non-profit associations, families and individuals contacted us. For us these are certificates of trust and above all a challenge that is already taking shape in a positive way ". The farmers together with the team of sponsors of #adottaunbosco - recalls Coldiretti Veneto - are already in contact with the municipal administration of Asiago to begin the planting of the green 'biodiverdity mix' which will be the new citizens' garden, a true calling card of the rebirth of the forests in our mountains.
"With the contribution of the project partners - Chiara Bortolas national vice president intervenes - we can count on 28 thousand plants to be planted: a satisfaction for us to be able to count on the help of companies, studios and companies that have shared our activities. We will soon join forces in a public debate to register the new entries who want to join the cartel and check the state of the art. In the meantime, we thank our last - in chronological order - witness Alice Montagner, TV presenter, for these shots that honor nature and its immense power of regeneration that she can still best express with man ".
BASILICATA, LABELING: ONE QUARTER OF CONSUMER EXPENDITURE IS ANONYMOUS
A quarter of the shopping that the Lucanians do every day remains anonymous. And all this despite the progress made in recent years at EU and national level. The figure emerges from an analysis by Coldiretti on the occasion of the presentation of the new rules on the obligation to indicate on the label the origin of all foods approved with Law 12 of 11 February 2019 on simplifications. The rule - underlines Coldiretti Basilicata - allows for the obligation to indicate the place of geographical origin on the label to all food products, putting an end to a long and tiring dispute opened with the European Union over 15 years ago.
An objective supported by the overwhelming part of consumers who believe it is important to know the origin of food and in almost 3 cases out of 4 (73%) are willing to spend more on 100% Italian products from farm to table. Thanks to the new law it will finally be possible - explains the Lucan agricultural confederation - to know the origin of the fruit used in juices, preserves or jams, canned legumes or meat used for salami and hams, hitherto hidden from consumers, but also to defend the effectiveness at European level of the national decrees already adopted on an experimental basis regarding the labeling of origin of pasta, milk, rice and tomatoes. In particular - states Coldiretti Basilicata - the implementation of the obligation relies on national provisions which, on the basis of the Framework Regulation on labeling no. 1169 of 2011, takes into account the need to ensure the protection of public health and consumers, to prevent fraud and to allow the proper conduct of business activities on the basis of fair competition.
Sanctions are envisaged for non-compliance with the rules ranging from 2 thousand to 16 thousand euros, unless the fact constitutes a crime. Mandatory food origin labeling was introduced for the first time in all European Union countries in 2002 after the mad cow emergency in beef to ensure transparency with traceability and restore a climate of trust. Since then, a lot of progress has also been made thanks to the pressing of Coldiretti. Lastly, the obligation to indicate on the label the origin for peeled tomatoes, pulps, concentrates and other tomato derivatives thanks to the publication in the Official Gazette 47 of 26 February 2018 of the inter-ministerial decree for the mandatory origin on products such as canned and sauces, in addition to concentrate and sauces, which are composed of at least 50% tomato derivatives. On 13 February 2018, the obligation to indicate the origin of the wheat for pasta and rice on the label came into force, but before that there had already been several goals achieved: on 19 April 2017 the obligation to indicate the Milking country for milk and derivatives after 7 June 2005 had already entered into force for fresh milk and 17 October 2005 the obligation of labeling for Made in Italy chicken while, starting from 1 January 2008, the 'obligation of origin labeling for tomato puree.
At the community level - concludes Coldiretti Lucana - the path of transparency began with beef after the mad cow emergency in 2002, while since 2003 it is mandatory to indicate variety, quality and origin in fresh fruit and vegetables. From 1st January 2004 there is the identification code for eggs and, starting from 1st August 2004, the obligation to indicate on the label the country of origin where the honey was collected, while the European Commission has recently specified that the indication of origin is also mandatory on wild mushrooms and truffles.
CALABRIA, SHEEP'S MILK: PRESIDENT OLIVERIO CONVOCHI IMMEDIATELY CHAIN TABLE
"Responsibility requires us to face the situation promptly, before the situation on the price of sheep's milk in Calabria can have unpredictable results and this also to remain engaged in the negotiation on the price of sheep's milk at a national level that will inevitably influence and may have positive outcomes also for the shepherds of our region ”. This is what the president of Coldiretti Calabria Franco Aceto affirms who - he adds - "we ask the president Oliverio, who in this sense had already committed himself, to immediately convene the regional supply chain table to address the problem in order to help restore serenity to the shepherds and their families, despite the evident criticalities by exercising appropriate decisions to guarantee a fair price, stimulate compensatory mechanisms, fully enter the aid granted by the State and develop and implement promotional actions for our renowned pecorino cheese.
"We must be protagonists and work intensely - concludes Aceto - in underlining that" in Calabria there are 6960 farms and 254.742 sheep graze, which produce 320.994 quintals of milk destined largely for the production of pecorino crotonese DOP, of that of Monte Poro in the process of being recognized and others who identify the territories of origin. In short, real work! "
VICENZA, AT THE MARKET OF C.A. COLDIRETTI OPENS CARNIVAL CELEBRATIONS
Great participation, curiosity and interest in the workshops to learn how to make traditional carnival sweets at home, held this morning in the covered market of Campagna Amica in contra ’Cordenons 4 in Vicenza.
"The Carnival starts from the tradition of the countryside - explain the provincial president of Coldiretti Vicenza, Martino Cerantola and the director Roberto Palù - where it marked the transition between the winter and spring seasons and the beginning of sowing in the fields, which was to be celebrated with abundance. The carnival banquets are very rich in courses because, once in this period, it was customary to consume all the products of the earth, not conservable, in view of the Lenten fast ”.
According to a recent Coldiretti survey, one in three consumers (31%) prepares carnival sweets strictly at home, while 41% buys them from their trusted baker or pastry chef, only 2% declare that they buy pre-packaged commercial products.
Participating in the appointment were people of all ages, not only women, but also many men eager to test themselves and show their women that they can do it.
Also next weekend at the covered market of Campagna Amica in Vicenza will be dedicated to the Carnival of tradition, with a full-blown party dedicated to all visitors.
We remind you that the covered market of Campagna Amica will be operational on Saturday from 8.30 to 14 and on Sunday from 8.30 to 13, therefore visitors will be able to personally test the quality of the products and measure themselves with the recipes that the producers will be able to recommend to make the most of the Vicenza excellences.
LA SPEZIA, FOREIGN FOODS OUT OF LAW UNDERTAKE THE SAFETY OF THE WHOLE CHAIN
Food legality, controls and quality standards: 20% of foreign foods arriving in Italy have been declared "outlawed" because they do not comply with the same guarantees in force at national level regarding work, environment and health. This is what emerged from the analysis presented by Coldiretti La Spezia, on confederal surveys, on the occasion of the institutional conference "watch what you eat! agri-food sophistication, health, nutrition "which was held this morning at the Casa della Salute in Sarzana, where the issue of the risks that agri-food sophistication entails for the health of the consumer was addressed, and the safety that the product derived from a traceable production chain, high quality, and rooted in the local productive and economic fabric.
"To date, there are still many food products, coming to Italy from abroad, to be accused of exploitation of workers, health hazards and the use of chemicals harmful to the environment". The President of Coldiretti La Spezia Sara Baccelli and the Provincial Director Francesco Goffredo affirm. "They range from rice from Vietnam to citrus fruits from Turkey, from bananas from Ecuador containing pesticides banned in Italy to fish and shellfish from Vietnam contaminated with heavy metals. Unfortunately, the list could continue, with the immeasurable imports of products where the risk of fraud and adulteration increases, affecting both agricultural producers and consumers. In order not to fall into the traps of the market, it is advisable to always choose Made in Italy products, be wary of too low prices, look more carefully at the labels and buy, when present, products with a PDO / Doc designation of origin. Relying on the short supply chain and buying, when possible, directly from producers is a way to have a greater guarantee of food safety, thanks to the traceability of the product and the quality levels it must comply with in Italy ".
In addition to the President of Coldiretti La Spezia, Sara Baccelli, Dr. Claudio Natale of the Asl5 Prevention Department, Dr. Roberta Baldi, head of the Asl5 epidemiology service, participated in the event organized by the Health Department of the Municipality of Sarzana. Honorable Lorenzo Viviani, Agriculture and Fisheries Commission of the Chamber of Deputies.
FERRARA, MAYORS CONTINUE WITH EU PETITION AGAINST ANONYMOUS FOOD
A few days ago the Mayor of Copparo, Nicola Rossi, signed the European petition “Eat original! Unmask your food "(Eat original, unmask your food), during a meeting with the president of the Copparo area, Stefano Maestri, to ask the Brussels Commission to act on the front of transparency and information to the consumer on the origin of that who eats.
The initiative is by Coldiretti, and at European level it enjoys the support of numerous representative organizations and unions: from Fnsea (the largest French agricultural union) to Ocu (the largest Spanish consumer association), from Solidarnosc (historic Polish union). to Upa (the Union of small farmers in Spain), from Slow Food to Gaia (association of Greek farmers), from Campagna Amica to the Univerde Foundation, up to Green protein (Swedish NGO).
"We are registering important adhesions from the Mayors of the municipalities of our province - highlights Floriano Tassinari, president of Coldiretti Ferrara - and it is important to collect as many subscriptions as possible, given that our petition aims to protect the health of citizens by combating counterfeiting and adulteration of food products prevent food fraud that every year steal resources and jobs, damaging our economy guaranteeing the rights of consumers by ensuring accurate information on food to make informed choices ". It is possible to support the collection of signatures in each Campagna Amica Market in the province, in the Coldiretti offices and online on the websites www.coldiretti.it and www.eatoriginal.eu.
MOLISE, THEFT IN THE COUNTRYSIDE: COLDIRETTI ASKS FOR MORE TERRITORY CONTROL
The problems of Molise agriculture do not stop at the damage caused by wildlife or excessive bureaucracy or simply natural disasters. To all this must be added the sad phenomenon of thefts in the countryside. It is not the first time that Coldiretti Molise has raised the alarm on this serious problem that is dangerously taking hold in the region as well. Despite the commitment of the police who, despite the operational difficulties, have also recently managed to find stolen vehicles, the situation is of great concern among agricultural and livestock entrepreneurs.
Thefts occur mainly in the Lower Molise area and do not concern only tractors but also all the equipment that entrepreneurs use every day in carrying out their work, often bringing the companies that suffer them to their knees.
According to what farmers have noted, it emerges that the area most at risk is the lower Molise area, between various centers including Montenero di Bisaccia, Ururi, San Martino in Pensilis, Campomarino and Montecilfone. The thieves, after having carried out the thefts in this area, head towards the nearby Puglia where all traces of the vehicles are lost. The most used artery to quickly reach the province of Foggia would be the Sinarca Valley, in addition of course to other secondary roads that allow criminals to quickly lose their tracks.
"For this - observes the confederal delegate of Coldiretti Molise, Giuseppe Spinelli - it would be desirable for the police to strengthen the control of these arteries, in order to discourage criminals and induce them to desist from the intent to theft sign. Unfortunately - explains the director of Coldiretti Molise, Aniello Ascolese - in the countryside organized crime can count on a social fabric and conditions of isolation that make it easier to commit theft. Many of our entrepreneurs, especially from Lower Molise, in fact, do not live in the immediate vicinity of their companies but reside in nearby towns, even several kilometers away. This is a circumstance - Ascolese points out - which, albeit with the aid of sophisticated anti-theft devices, favors night raids against them ".
"For this - concludes Spinelli - according to Coldiretti it is necessary to work, associations, entrepreneurs and institutions, to overcome the situation of isolation, reversing the tendency to dismantle social structures and security forces, but also providing for greater control of the road arteries and preparing the use of new technologies for the control of companies and the territory ".
For this reason, Coldiretti is also strongly committed to raising awareness among its members so that every criminal episode to the detriment of companies is promptly reported to the police who can thus intervene quickly against criminals.
MOLISE, PSR: COLDIRETTI ASKS FOR SUPPORT FOR MOUNTAIN AREAS
Coldiretti Molise expresses concern about the lack of funds to support agricultural entrepreneurs operating in the mountain areas of the region.Specifically, Coldiretti refers to Measure 13, better known as "compensatory allowance", thanks to which, over the years, companies have managed to stay in mountain areas, promoting sustainable development of the territory and at the same time preserving the hydrogeological structure of those areas.
"It is - explains the confederal delegate of Coldiretti Molise, Giuseppe Spinelli - of a fundamental measure for the survival of mountain agriculture, as well as to avoid the depopulation of specific areas that live thanks to the work of our entrepreneurs who daily ensure a constant management and protection of the territory for the benefit of the entire community ". For this reason, "it is of vital importance - underlines Spinelli - that the agricultural and livestock entrepreneurs who operate in these disadvantaged areas can receive the compensatory allowance, a support without which many of them could enter into crisis and jeopardize the continuation of their business activity with all that would ensue for the economy and the safeguarding of mountain areas throughout the region ”.
"We therefore ask - concludes Spinelli - that the councilor for agriculture, Nicola Cavaliere, and the Presidency of the Regional Council rapidly implement all the actions, even extraordinary ones, useful for identifying the necessary economic resources".
TURIN, WOLF PREEDING: SUPPORTING NOT ONLY MOUNTAIN FARMERS
In recent days, a motion by the Metropolitan City of Turin urges the Piedmont Region to refinance the measures of the Rural Development Plan to support the purchase of fences and LGDs, extending the facilities to the hill and plain areas affected by the re-colonization of the wolf .
Fabrizio Galliati, president of Coldiretti Torino, comments: “We have been carrying out these requests for years. For years the wolf has come down from the mountains to the hills and plains, causing damage to agricultural businesses. Just like mountain farmers, farmers in hills and plains also need to be supported against wolf damage to flocks and herds ”.
Michele Mellano, director of Coldiretti Turin, adds: “We are pleased to see that the Metropolitan City Council recognizes the concreteness of our appeals in defense of agricultural entrepreneurs against the danger represented by wolves. The appeal of the Metropolitan City of Turin to the Piedmont Region goes in the right direction. The ongoing RDP measures must be adequately refinanced and recalibrated in light of the expansion of the wolf. In essence, the aid must be granted to farmers who have farms and stables in the mountains as well as in the hills and in the plains ”.
The President of Coldiretti Torino Fabrizio Galliati adds: “The motion is positive, but now we ask to move on to the facts. The proposed instrument of a specific working group to the Piedmont Region is positive. It is correct to involve all interested parties in order to identify and finance direct and inexpensive compensation methods. The important thing is that we proceed quickly ".
Michele Mellano closes with an appeal: “The return of the wolf to the territory requires a swift approval of the National Wolf Management Plan, it is necessary to be able to implement all the support measures for farmers, up to the containment plans. In recent days, the Piedmont Region has asked the Government to adopt the Plan as soon as possible, a request that Coldiretti considers positive ”.
PADUA, PROCESSION OF WILD BOARS ON THE EUGANEAN HILLS, A DANGER ON THE ROADS
Over thirty wild boars are immortalized by a video shot on Sunday evening in Arquà Petrarca by a motorist. At the sight of the wild boars, the man stopped the car and filmed the whole scene, waiting for the road to be completely clear before leaving. This is a fairly common situation in the Euganean Hills, where it is far from rare to come across numerous herds of wild boars, even in broad daylight. "It is further proof of how the presence of ungulates is still massive throughout the area - observes Massimo Bressan, president of Coldiretti Padua - and how it also constitutes a serious problem for road safety and the safety of those who travel along these roads," however, even in the evening or in broad daylight. The owner of the land through which the herd passed, pointed out that there is now a real groove that confirms the continuous coming and going of these animals.
This video is further proof that confirms how urgent it is to continue the containment action already in recent weeks. Wild boars are still too numerous and pose a real danger to safety, the environment and the numerous valuable crops of the Hills. Not to mention the risk of land instability caused by the dozens of excavations on the ground that we also documented last week in Monselice. We ask the Euganean Hills Park to continue the wild boar containment plan without interruptions or postponements and we renew our willingness to cooperate fully to resolve an emergency that affects everyone and which risks leaving serious consequences on a fragile territory ".
PUGLIA, IN SALENTO ESTABLISHED INSTITUTIONAL TABLE OF CRISIS ON XYLELLA
The agricultural organizations Coldiretti Lecce, Coldiretti Brindisi, Coldiretti Taranto, Confagricoltura Lecce, Confagricoltura Brindisi, Confagricoltura Taranto and Confcooperative Lecce have set up an institutional crisis table on Xylella Fastidiosa. They announce forms of struggle that will start from a first demonstration to be held in Lecce next March 9, to which other non-agricultural organizations and territorial communities will be called to join, as the problem is now one of destruction of the entire territory .
"The agricultural world of Salento is compact in condemning a regional policy - reads the document - which does not decide on the serious pandemic for which the European Union expects concrete actions aimed at implementing a containment policy, the Puglia Region does not put an end to the ambiguities, continuing to wink at those who still deny the evidence of the official nature of the data of a positivity close to 100% in the area defined as infected, legislative and administrative measures follow one another as general as they are inconclusive to the detriment of the territories of the provinces of Lecce, Brindisi and Taranto ".
In the document signed in the afternoon by the Presidents of the Organizations, they believe they have to intervene with extreme force to get the attention of public institutions on the destruction of the territory and of the agricultural economy of Salento not only caused by the disease. For this reason, the Organizations have declared the state of agitation of the entire category of the Salento territories affected by the Xylella Fastidiosa pandemic, stigmatizing the delay in interventions by the European Union, the Italian government and especially the Puglia Region. The institutional crisis table will deal with external communication, the organization of the struggle initiatives and the drafting of the claim platform.
MARCHE, YOUNG PEOPLE REDISCOVER AGRICULTURE: A COMPANY A DAY BORN IN 2018
During 2018, 275 new agricultural businesses were born, managed by entrepreneurs under 35. An average that exceeds 5 per week and brings the share of active companies in the sector to 1562 units in our region. This was announced by Coldiretti Marche in commenting on the data of the Marche Chamber of Commerce. Over 6% more than the previous year, 5.83% of the total number of companies operating in the agriculture, forestry and aquaculture sectors. And, on a positive note, most of them were opened in the earthquake-hit provinces: 79 in the province of Macerata, 56 in the province of Ascoli and 38 in the province of Fermo.
The balance between new registrations and terminations was also positive in all provinces. A real return to the countryside for young people who see agricultural work as a possible trajectory of their future but also a way to be protagonists of a resurgence of the hinterland at risk of depopulation and still, unfortunately, still far from returning to normal after the damage of the earthquake. That the land is attractive to the new generations is also evident from the number of applications submitted within the 2018 Youth Call: as many as 191 (out of a total of 735 in the last 3 years).
So much enthusiasm, however, is forced to deal with the bureaucracy. The Marche is the Italian region with the lowest percentage of European funds disbursed under the PRS: just 17.57% as of last December 31st. For the Youth Call there were requests for over 146 million (for first settlement, investments, agritourism or active longevity). “But it is not just a question of resources - explains Maria Letizia Gardoni, president of Coldiretti Marche - Young people must have priority in handling the paperwork. It is necessary to speed up the investigations for the settlement plans and act on the disbursement of advances, today bound to the presentation of sureties that are too expensive and prolonged over time ".
MANTOVA, WINE: AUTHORIZATION OF NEW PLANTS. QUESTIONS BY MARCH 31st
Coldiretti Mantova informs that the terms for the application for the assignment of authorization to the vineyard plant for 2019 have been opened, expiring on 31 March next. Based on the provisions of the Lombardy Region, a maximum area limit that can be requested for each application of 2 hectares will be applied, as this parameter could guarantee a sufficient assignment of authorizations to medium-small companies.
Furthermore, the regional provision establishes that, in the event that admissible requests exceed the area assigned to the Lombardy Region, authorizations for a minimum area of 0.2 hectares are issued to all applicants, it being understood that this limit may be reduced if the available area is not sufficient to guarantee release to all applicants. The new planting rights will expire in 2022.
“The measure - observes Paolo Carra, president of Coldiretti Mantova - allows agricultural businesses to expand their vineyard area and, therefore, production volumes. Unfortunately, however, the propensity of companies to grow and invest in a sector that over the years has been able to take up the challenge of quality and biodiversity collides with the small concessions in terms of planting rights. The hope is that this slowdown in expansion will be compensated for with adequate promotional funds to encourage the internationalization of the market, which is increasingly looking for quality Made in Italy wine ".
Since 2016, the year in which the assignment procedure was launched, the members of Coldiretti Mantova have requested 800 hectares of new vineyards. The vineyard area in the Mantua area is now 1,700 hectares, with a production of quality wines recognized by the protected designation of origin such as Lambrusco Mantovano, Garda Doc and Garda Colli Mantovani. Provincial contact person for the sector for Coldiretti Mantova is Gianni Rondelli (tel .: 0376/375380, gianni.rondelli @ coldiretti.it).
PIACENZA, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND "LEGALITY" LESSONS
In recent days, the members of Coldiretti Piacenza, coordinated by the provincial president Marco Crotti, welcomed the Forestry Carabinieri and managers of Arpae on the occasion of two meetings aimed at studying and deepening the "Regional Regulation No. 3 of 15 December 2107".
President Crotti did the honors, welcoming the distinguished speakers and explaining the meaning and purpose of these meetings: "Understanding and understanding the reasons behind a rule make it easier to respect and apply the rule itself. This is why we farmers need to listen and understand, with a constructive spirit. Knowing the rules and respecting them means being on the side of legality and we can only be grateful and collaborative with those who have the task of enforcing them and today they have accepted our invitation to be here ”.
During the meetings various topics were discussed, from the mandatory documentation required for farms to the correct management of effluents, from the nitrate directive bulletin to the exemptions granted by the Emilia Romagna Region, also passing through the SMS alert service activated by Coldiretti Piacenza.
Colonel Enzo Compagnin, commander of the Forestry Carabinieri highlighted the importance of environmental protection and the fact that failure to comply with the rules that regulate it also implies consequences on Cross-compliance. It also represented the common goal of ensuring eco-sustainable production at the service of citizens and the final consumer. An objective that Coldiretti Piacenza can only share.
Dr. Paola Anaclerio, an Arpae official, went into the specifics of the regional regulation on effluent management, making the more complex aspects of the standard more understandable through specific cases and concrete examples.
There was no lack of moments of calm and constructive confrontation with interventions and questions from the members who followed the precise explanations provided by the speakers with attention and interest. Addressing the more operational aspects related to checks on the territory, Marshal Gianluca Mancinelli intervened, specifying that the duty of the Forestry Carabinieri consists in enforcing the rules imposed by the legislator. For the Marshal, closing a control with a sanction represents a personal defeat as the first objective we want to pursue is prevention and knowledge of the best applicable agronomic practices. And for this we are at the disposal of the agricultural world and of all citizens.
Crotti at the end of the meeting thanked the speakers for their extreme availability. “We are all aware that your task is by no means easy and even if sometimes, as farmers we don't show it, we appreciate your professionalism and competence. Knowing, applying the law and preventing any infringements is the purpose with which we close this first positive experience ".
MANTOVA: IN PEGOGNAGA INSURANCE AND CIRCULATION OF TRACTORS ON THE ROAD
Coldiretti Mantua organizes the meeting on "Insurance risks in agriculture and road traffic rules for agricultural vehicles" on Monday 25 February at 9:30 in the Civic Hall of Pegognaga (Piazza Vittorio Veneto, 14).
After the introductory greetings by Alessandro Gandolfi, president of the Pegognaga section of Coldiretti Mantua, Marco Carrara, director of Codima and Junior Ferrari Martins, insurance manager of Coldiretti Mantua, will speak on "Natural disasters: insurance as a defense tool" Alessandro Pisetta, official of the Mantova traffic police will hold a report on the "Road traffic of agricultural vehicles". The conclusions are entrusted to Simone Minelli, area representative of Pegognaga di Coldiretti Mantova.
“On the eve of the spring sowing campaign, it is important that agricultural companies know and respect all the rules for the correct road traffic of agricultural vehicles - explains Coldiretti Mantova -. On this occasion, in particular, a brochure will be distributed that summarizes the main regulations of the new Highway Code. We therefore invite all farmers to check the conditions of the tractors and the measures of the convoys consisting of tractors and equipment. If necessary, all the offices of Coldiretti Mantova will provide assistance in preparing the circulation permits ".
“Equally important - continues Coldiretti Mantova - is the issue of insurance, an instrument for protecting against corporate risks and civil liability. Furthermore, insurance policies are now the only means of defense against natural disasters, adverse weather conditions and climate change. In 2018 alone, in the province of Mantua, the damage from bad weather exceeded 15 million euros, devastating the crops in the field and damaging agricultural structures and establishments ".
VENETO: RESISTANT VINES, THE NEW FRONTIER OF SUSTAINABLE VITICULTURE
It is thanks to research and over ten years of studies and analysis on natural crosses of European vines with other varieties if it can now be confirmed that winemaking sustainability in Veneto is a reality and also passes through resistant vines. This is the theme that Coldiretti Veneto intends to deal with in a conference on Thursday 28 February at 9.30 in the Benedictine Court in Legnaro (Padua). To debate experts and farmers who have already made this choice.
"The foundations for a sustainable future also for the world of wine have already been laid out - explains Daniele Salvagno, president of Coldiretti Veneto who will open the seminar - selecting species capable of counteracting the main diseases by almost completely reducing the use of treatments means for producers a cultural leap and maximum attention to the demands of consumer citizens ".Precisely in the province where the first harvest of this type debuted with 4 thousand cabernet and merlot plants planted in the Euganean Hills three years ago, university professors and agricultural entrepreneurs will gather to bear their testimony.
The greetings of the director of the Multifunctional Pole of Agripolis Martino Cassandro will be followed by talks by Eugenio Pomarici from the University of Padua, Michele Zanardo, president of the National Wine Committee and Raffaele Testolin from the University of Udine. Following a round table moderated by Domenico Bosco Sector Manager of the National Confederation. The protagonists are Matilde Poggi of the Independent Winegrowers, Michael Toniolo, Erika Pedrini, winegrowers respectively in the Padua and Trentino regions. With them Gianluca Fregolent Head of the Agri-food Department of the Region, Andrea Sartori president of the Consortium for the Protection of Valpolicella and Stefano Zanette number one of Prosecco Doc and Margherita Lucchin director of the CIRVE Interdepartmental Center for Research in Viticulture and Oenology in Padua. The conclusions will be entrusted to the director of Coldiretti Veneto Pietro Piccioni.
CAMPANIA, EVO, APROL / COLDIRETTI TRAINING PROJECT AT HOTELS
From today to Wednesday 27 February Fourth stage of the educational and informative project "A Scuola di Olio Evo" from today, Monday 25, to Wednesday 27 February at the Le Streghe Hotel Institute in Benevento. The three days curated by Aprol Campania, in collaboration with Coldiretti Campania and Campagna Amica, will touch. Once again the teacher will be Maria Luisa Ambrosino, panel leader of the Naples Chamber of Commerce. On the final day there will be a cooking competition among the students, divided into five groups, with a combination of local extra virgin olive oils. Wednesday's race, in agreement with the manager Maria Gaetana Ianzito, will also be open to the participation of the press. The goal is to transfer knowledge to future chefs about the prince of the Mediterranean diet, which unfortunately is the most used but least known food.
The initiative stems from the memorandum of understanding between Coldiretti Campania and the Regional School Office to encourage dialogue with the territory. The first edition of the project featured the Marconi Hotel Institutes of Vairano Patenora, Cavalcanti of Naples, Cappello di Piedimonte Matese. After the Istituto Le Streghe di Benevento it will touch the students of the Ferrari of Battipaglia and of the Rossi Doria of Avellino. The six winning teams of the individual institutes will compete in the regional final which will be held in a prestigious location.
“The challenge of our time - underlines Gennarino Masiello, president of Coldiretti Benevento, Campania and national vice president - is to respond to the needs of conscious, ethical and informed consumption. Today there is widespread and strong attention to nutrition, both in terms of health and quality. Thanks to the cultural action carried out by Coldiretti, in particular with Campagna Amica, the perception of agri-food products has changed. We talk to the consumer about food, not just agriculture, because it is in the discovery of food that we come to understand the fatigue of healthy and sustainable agriculture. Extra virgin olive oil is the most used food from the first months and throughout the course of life. The American Food and Drug Administration has recently defined it as a real wellness drug, while it often ends up calling it just a condiment. It is necessary to work in this direction starting first of all from the schools ”.
VENICE: SMALL DETECTIVES OF EXPENDITURE ON THE AGRICULTURAL MARKET COVERED BY MESTRE.
An incursion of about a hundred pupils from the Tiziano Vecellio primary school will take place tomorrow from 9.30 to 11.30 at the covered agricultural market in Mestre in via Palamidese 3/5. The children will be welcomed by the “shopping tutors”, a group of agricultural entrepreneurs who will talk about typical local products, their seasonality and will put the children to the test by making them guess the names of fruit and vegetables and the period of local production. That's not all, since we are approaching Shrove Thursday there will be typical Venetian sweets with particular emphasis on the “fritoe, galani and castagnole”.
We will talk about the tradition of these sweets but also about the ingredients used, their origin. “Our intent is to develop the curiosity of the new generations for a balanced approach to food, contemplating a knowledge of the products of the earth and why not of the typical dishes of the territory” says Raffaella Veronese, manager of Donne Impresa Venezia. The peasant tradition counts on an extraordinary baggage that Coldiretti through these initiatives has the pleasure of making available to feed the precious knowledge of children, a heritage that we hope they can always carry with them becoming aware consumers. Children will discover that among the farmers' stalls there are only certain products, those that the season can offer in our lands, they will also find wine, meat and cheeses.
"Making the products of our territory known also acts as a spur for children to taste them - declares the president of Coldiretti Venezia Andrea Colla -" To impose to eat fruit and vegetables simply by explaining that they are good for health is not always convincing, it is necessary to act and modify a behavior in particular by creating special conditions for the discovery of flavor and the taste of eating by involving them with a stimulating food education.
The Campagna Amica markets offer all the necessary, simple and genuine ingredients, such as vegetables, seasonal fruit, honey, eggs, wine, meat and cheeses needed to create recipes and culinary experiments. Buying raw materials directly from farmers ensures the quality and freshness of the ingredients and communicating this to the little ones is an investment for the future!
attached the complete document in pdf format
CONFERENCE OF REGIONS AND AUTONOMOUS PROVINCES
RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTATION OBJECTIVES AND PRIORITY ACTIONS IDENTIFIED BY THE INTERREGIONAL NETWORK FOR AGRICULTURAL, FOREST, AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES RESEARCH
viticulture and enology. 4
olive growing and elaiotecnica. 12
horticulture (open field and protected). 17
industrial, medicinal and non-food crops. 23
forage farming - animal husbandry - sector transformation industries. 28
fishing and aquaculture. 35
floriculture and ornamental nursery. 41
animal and plant biotechnologies. 52
forestry - wood arboriculture - non-wood forest products. 57
plant and animal agrobiodiversity in Italy. 73
biological agriculture . 82
agriculture and environment. 91
The Interregional Network for Agricultural, Forestry, Aquaculture and Fisheries Research has been recognized
officially by the Conference of Presidents of the Regions and Autonomous Provinces on 4 October
2001 the secretariat of the Network was entrusted to the Tuscany Region and for it to ARSIA.
Main objectives of the Network are:
- Define aspects of a methodological and organizational nature to support the Regions and P.A. in
preparation of documents relating to planning and research activity at an interregional level e
- Identify the demand for innovation in the areas of interest of the Regions and P.A. also in order to
to help define the priorities for interregional and national research programs in the field
- Create synergies between Regions and P.A. to address common problems and identify methodologies
in relation to the promotion, testing and transfer of innovation also through implementation
joint research projects.
The Network constitutes the technical support of the Regions in the definition of research policies, and arises
as an interface of both the MiUR and the MiPAF for the definition of the three-year national research plan,
for matters of competence.
The Regional Referents who are part of the Network have identified the research question and organized it by
the main production chains or transversal problem areas from which it comes. In each tab
in addition to the reference scenario, the objectives and actions ordered by priority are attached.
These cards will constitute, for the three-year period 2010-2012, the reference for choices to be made in relation to the various ones
operational tools and provide a contribution for: National Technological Platforms National Plan of
Research, program of activities of the CRA, themes of the MiPAAF research calls, national plans of
MiPAAF, themes of interregional research and experimentation projects promoted by
In the following document, no priorities have been indicated between the various sectors, considering that it is to establish relevance
each of them is a choice of agricultural policy and therefore not within the competence of the interregional network.
It is important to highlight that, in order to identify the research demand from the various territories,
each Region and P.A. has operated in compliance with its organizational and regulatory autonomy.
General framework of the sector
The wine production chain represents a backbone of the national agri-food system but it is also one
of the fundamental components of the image of Italy capable of representing not only an important one
economic system but also a set of values ranging from the environment, to the landscape, to culture and
The development strategies of vitiviniculture, which represents one of the priority sectors for many Regions, yes
in fact, they are based on the enhancement of the aspects that characterize the quality of the product and on the relationship between
product, landscape, culture and history: the wine embodies a strong evocative characterization, being in
able to represent in the collective imagination precisely that synthesis between landscape value, rurality and
a story that also explains the success of the agritourism activity and the initiatives related to the wine routes. There
defense of the typicality of Italian agri-food products, first of which wine, allows the
safeguarding the regional identity, already established nationally and internationally for this very reason
Despite the undoubted successes achieved by national viticulture, over time the vineyard surfaces
have undergone a generalized reduction: since 1967 in the world the surface has been reduced by 25%, in Europe
by 30%, in Italy the vineyard area which in the 1960s exceeded 1,400,000 hectares, in 1990 was 882,000
hectares and on the basis of the data held by AGEA referring to 2007, the national wine-growing potential amounts to
Fortunately, the downsizing of the sector did not correspond to this restructuring process
in national and international markets, which, indeed, has acquired important commercial spaces especially for
those quality wine productions that have benefited from a process of profound rationalization
acquiring increasing visibility. It is therefore not surprising the progressive increase of DOC and
DOCG and IGT to the detriment of the surfaces of table wines. On the other hand, the breadth is still insufficient
of companies, mostly less than one hectare.
The wine sector, compared to others, has developed a widespread awareness of this for some time
to the need to make strategic choices strongly oriented to the market. It is therefore not surprising that in the
time has passed from a phase, which has affected the last few decades, in which the number of varieties had been reduced
autochthonous in the face of the success of the main international vines, to a recent one in which they are
rediscovered vines of local interest.
The Italian wine heritage is very rich in variability, there are over 360 vines registered in the National Register
of the Varieties and of these over 300 are indigenous vines, in the translated sense of the term and that is vines
traditional with a close link with a specific territory.
In recent years, 2007 and 2008, on the contrary, world wine production has fallen below 270 million
hectoliters, both due to the strong effects of drought, especially in Italy and France, and to the reduction in areas invested.
In this international context, the reform of the wine CMO (EU Reg. 479/08 and 555/08) has been inserted which has
two moments of entry into force for the different Measures, 1 August 2008 and 1 August 2009.
It aims to reduce surpluses with the award-winning grubbing up of 175,000 hectares of community vineyard,
qualify agricultural productions and businesses, therefore it is very important to focus on productions
peculiar and recognizable wines capable of representing local typicalities and increasing the value
differential of the Italian wine offer. Among the other important changes planned, the introduction of the
green harvest, the elimination of market interventions with the abolition of aid for enrichment and
distillation, the new classification of wines from DOC and IGT to DOP and IGP, the new labeling. A role
fundamentally positive will be played by measures in support of investments and especially for promotion
The qualitative aspect, the interaction between the vine and the environment, together with the historical and cultural value of the productions
Italian winemakers continue to represent, in line with the CMO, an important driving force for consolidating
commercial penetration of leading winemaking productions and at the same time contributing to the
enhancement of some less known wine-growing areas.
Briefly, the strengths of the wine sector can be summarized as follows:
Strong anchoring between productions and territories (food and wine tourism)
Wide range of genetic resources
Quality productions especially in the high and intermediate price range
The reduction of production surpluses which will allow for better planning
The control and traceability system put in place, but to be increased, which it can safeguard
more the potential of the sector, also as a guarantee for the consumer.
Faced with these potentialities, aspects of difficulty are highlighted in an area of international competition,
characterized above all by:
Company size, fragmentation of the offer and promotional activities
Poor qualification of some productions
Structural adaptation of the cellars
Poor propensity to adopt technical and technological innovations in situations with a minor
Limited implementation of market-oriented marketing and marketing strategies.
Opportunities offered by innovation
The opportunities offered by the research priority sheet are summarized below
identified by the Viticulture and Oenology Competence Group
In this context, promotion, testing and transfer of innovations capable of
intervene directly in the production phases and processes also through product and innovation innovation
process in order to favor the development of the national wine sector. In this context, the work of
“Basic public research” must increasingly be a tool to activate applied research capable of
respond concretely to the needs of producers and the challenges of the market.
Following the aspects mentioned above and the elements of the scenario highlighted, the
enhancement of the quality standards of wines through technological innovation in oenology: in
this means the updating of technologies and the continuous investigation of the components of the wines, theirs
evolution and the identification of quality and typicality factors are aspects worthy of further study
scientific which, in order to be effective, must be translated into indications and operational methodologies,
supported by adequate evaluation and analysis tools.
It is also considered equally important to address the issue of the enhancement of the viticultural heritage
Italian through the recovery of native vines of local interest and the expansion of diversity
Genetics of the vines with greater diffusion: this should not be understood as an activity of character
“Historical-documentary” but it must have a strong applicative character, designing paths consistent with
objectives aimed at acquiring operational indications to be exploited towards the operators of the sector al
in order that they perceive them as a concrete opportunity. In this sense it appears relevant and
the establishment of a relational database of the descriptive profiles of the varieties registered in the Catalog is mandatory
National in which to merge the documentation relating to each Italian grape variety and inherent information
of an ampelographic, viticultural, oenological and genetic character. This aspect is essential if you evaluate
the priority need to create a system, to share and rationalize the information that the individual institutions
acquire as part of the various research projects carried out at regional, national and European level. TO
this preparatory action must be followed by the oenological enhancement of the Italian vines through
the adoption of innovative techniques according to the modern approach of varietal enology.
The challenges that national wine production is facing today cannot in the medium-long term
period rely solely on the price or the position income of our productions. Increasingly
it is necessary that the enhancement of the millenary wine culture present in our territories is
continuously pursued to maintain and increase the appeal of our productions. Therefore it is believed
It is also appropriate to propose the issue of identifying quality and sustainability indices
of the viticultural ecosystem with the aim of increasing the overall efficiency of the "vineyard system" in a
environmental compatibility of the crop. The relationship between grape variety and territory is a component of
this line of research that, starting from the knowledge of the main interactions between different components that
constitute the vineyard system, must innovate viticultural techniques, evaluate the interaction between these and the
constituent components of the raw material in order to enhance the traits of quality and typicality.
Furthermore, it is considered useful to envisage research initiatives concerning the rationalization of defense, aimed at
in particular to define rapid diagnosis and recognition protocols and the impact of pesticides according to the
varietal characteristics and cultivation systems, to favor processes of induction of resistance to diseases e
the application of integrated and biological control strategies.
The application of integrated techniques and technology is also of relevant relevance and importance
advanced, to improve the management of wineries, to plan and optimize
cultivation operations and increase the quality of production, which highlights the opportunity to
develop systems and strategies for the reduction of production costs, to develop systems of
remote sensing and biosensors to monitor the phenological and ripening phases of the grapes and to promote
the application of suitable precision techniques and IT tools applied to support viticulture
An argument that crosses the supply chain but is equally interesting and inherent to the peculiarities of the sector
is the introduction of technologies to respect the environment, such as the study of the characteristics of
by-products of winemaking for use in agriculture, the search for methods for recycling in
cellar of the energy produced by the oenological process, the applicability of energy production systems
renewables in companies, the study of recovery systems for CO2 produced in fermentation processes
of grapes and for the phyto-purification of waste water produced during cellar activities.
SHEET N ° 1 - VITICULTURE AND ENOLOGY
1) Enhancement of the quality standards of wines
through technological innovation in oenology
BASIC RESEARCH ACTIONS
1.1 Innovations in the field of chemistry
instrumental analytics and evaluations
organoleptic for the enhancement of the tools e
methods of analysis and control for the purpose of definition
commercial quality features and also
aimed at reducing the food risk due to
1.2 Setting up of instruments e
methods of analysis of the grapes, both in the vineyard and in
cellar, to check in a simple and repeatable way
phenolic and aromatic maturation.
APPLIED RESEARCH ACTIONS
1.1 Definition of the characteristics of typicality and originality
of grapes and study of enological technologies
"Conservative" for their maintenance in wine.
1.2 Study of innovative oenological practices and del
their effect on the chemical-physical characteristics and
1.3 Food safety, traceability and quality of
wine production: identification of parameters and
indices able to trace the origin of the wine.
1.4 Genetic improvement of yeasts and bacteria e
verification of their metabolic activity to increase the
quality of the productions and preserve the recognizability
of wine production.
1.5 Study of the most effective parameters of interest
oenological (chemical, chemical-physical, organoleptic,
health and nutritional) for an enhancement
oenological and commercial of wine production.
1.6 Studies on the methods of aging of wines e
on the modifications of wines in the aging process.
2) Enhancement of the Italian wine heritage
through the recovery of native vines of interest
local and the expansion of the genetic diversity of
vines with greater diffusion
BASIC RESEARCH ACTIONS
2.1 Definition of the method for the
genetic characterization of vines and clones
2.2 Innovative techniques and technologies to accelerate i
timing of genetic and sanitary selection of potentials
clones, and production of propagating material
in the vine nursery sector.
2.3 Enhancement of the intrinsic potential of
genetic heritage of Vitis vinifera, with particular
attention to native vines, for the purpose of a
higher quality of production and resistance to
main biotic and abiotic adversities.
2.4 Broadening of genetic diversity through
APPLIED RESEARCH ACTIONS
2.1 Identification, genetic identification,
pomological, productive, oenological characterization e
health of minor indigenous vines of the single ones
2.2 Clonal selection of native varieties of Vitis
vinifera and rootstocks
2.3 Development of viticultural and agronomic techniques
and enological capable of enhancing the potential
vines in relation to environmental conditions, in
particularly for native vines.
3) Identification of quality and efficiency indices
in relation to the internal balance of the ecosystem
BASIC RESEARCH ACTIONS
3.1 Setting up of parameters, indices and tools in
able to guarantee in different environmental conditions
and phenological of the crop a balanced nutrition
3.2 Study on the effects induced by viral infections on
quality of grapes and musts
APPLIED RESEARCH ACTIONS
3.1 Reduction of the environmental impact e
landscaping in the construction and management of
vineyards: study of the relationship between the main ones
components of the viticultural ecosystem and techniques
low environmental impact crops, also in
relation to climate change, in order to
increase the quality of the grapes and the vineyard landscape.
3.2 Study of the relationships between the main components
socio-economic, environmental, historical-cultural e
definition of simplified models for the
characterization and enhancement of territories a
4) Rationalization of defense BASIC RESEARCH ACTIONS
4.1 Study and development of methodologies e
rapid diagnosis and recognition protocols,
reliable and usable at mass level.
4.2 Study of the induction processes of
disease resistance in plants through
the use of natural or synthetic substances.
APPLIED RESEARCH ACTIONS
4.1 Development of adequate fighting strategies both
integrated and biological and verification of influences on
quantity and quality of productions.
4.2 Definition of the impact of pesticides for the purposes
of the rationalization of the treatments of struggle on
basis of the characteristics of varieties and systems
5) Application of integrated techniques and technology
advanced, for the improvement of the management of
wineries, to plan and optimize
cultivation operations and increase the quality of
BASIC RESEARCH ACTIONS
Study and development of systems and strategies for
reduction of production costs aimed at
improvement of company performance.
Use and development of biosensors for qualification e
quantification of wine production.
Identification of precision systems and techniques
applied to viticulture to support assistance
APPLIED RESEARCH ACTIONS
5.1 Development of remote detection systems which,
through the use of air and satellite means of
detection and preparation of IT systems
of data processing, allow to monitor the
phenological phases, technological and phenolic maturation
5.2 Development of software procedures and tools
able to interface digital documentation
available and new generation.
6) Introduction of technologies in viticulture for the
BASIC RESEARCH ACTIONS
6.1 Study of the characteristics of the by-products of
vinification for the purpose of use in agriculture.
6.2 Search for suitable tools and methodologies a
recover and reuse the energy produced in the cellar
from the grape transformation process itself.
6.3 Evaluation of the applicability of systems of
production of alternative energy in companies
APPLIED RESEARCH ACTIONS
6.1 Study and development of recovery systems for
CO2 produced in the fermentation processes of
6.1 Verification and evolution of systems for
phytoremediation of waste water produced during
OLIVE GROWING AND ELAIOTECHNICS
General framework of the sector
geo-economic point of view (territorial distribution, suitable areas, consistency of the supply chain, etc.
Olive cultivation finds its highest expression in the Mediterranean countries, including
Spain and Italy certainly excel. In recent decades, thanks to important innovations by
process olive growing is spreading to new countries for this crop, including Australia, Chile,
the United States, Argentina, etc. In these countries, more and more quality oils are already being produced
they obtain important international recognition.
In Italy the production base has more than 1 million hectares and is present in 1.2 million companies
involving as many operators employed in the olive production phase alone, this goes to
add the milling industry, that of refineries and all the related commercial and promotional activities.
The dynamics of the data regarding the olive UAA shows that this is constantly increasing,
despite the blocking of aid for the production of olive oil for plants built after
markets (national, European, world) and types of production
Italian olive growing certainly aims at a world market, but most of the oils are
reserved for the internal or European market. It is in fact necessary to consider that normally the production
Italian is insufficient to meet internal needs, so there is a strong appeal
imports, particularly from Spain, to compensate for the production deficit and ours
exports, however, growing.
In Italy, oils with high quality standards are produced, but the percentage of virgin oils is still today
improved and in particular that of extra virgin olive oils. 80% of Italian olive production is
concentrated in 3 southern regions, such as Puglia, Sicily and Calabria, and it is in these that the production
percentage of extra virgin olive oil is low, although there has been a growing improvement in recent years.
recent dynamics and current trends
Compared to the previous two years, at least in the most olive-growing regions of Italy, profitability
of the crop has been considerably reduced mainly due to the competition of the countries of the basin of the
Mediterranean. Another negative aspect, even today, is the lack of commercial transparency that
interested in extra virgin olive oils.
It is hoped that the correct application of the “made in Italy” legislation combined with a system of
more efficient controls can give breath to our olive growing.
The national olive-growing plan, which has been overdue for too long, could also induce a push
positive for the innovation of the entire sector.
The globalization of markets has placed our olive growing in front of choices that have now become obligatory. In
in particular, the acceleration of trade has highlighted new weaknesses for ours
olive growing, among which certainly emerges the need to contain production costs, too
through the identification of valid alternatives to the super-intensive model based exclusively on cultivars
Spanish or Greek, which is spreading in some of our olive growing realities, with serious damage from the point of view
environmental and landscape (objective 4 ° actions 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3).
Certainly the reduction of production costs also passes through the recovery and enhancement of everyone
the by-products of the supply chain: from the use of pomace to bioenergy, which can be obtained from the wood chips obtained from the residues
pruning (Objective 3 °).
It is also necessary to renew the list of authorized health facilities in Italy on the olive tree, compared to what
allowed in other countries, both to meet the needs deriving from climate change and to put i
our olive growers under the same operating conditions permitted elsewhere (Objective 2).
There is also a need for a reorganization of our trading system, which must show itself more capable of
conquer new market slices and / or new markets (1st action objective 1.3), and more faithful to the exaltation of
producer-consumer relationship (traceability).
Among the strengths we boast, in addition to the millenary olive-growing tradition, an important panorama
varietal, characterized by cultivars that produce oils with high organoleptic and commercial qualities.
Heritage that must be further enhanced through actions that aim at the recovery of local cultivars e
to the characterization of their monovarietal oils (Objective 5 action 5.4 objective 1 action 1.1 and 1.2 - Progetto
OLVIVA). Since 1996, 36 PDOs have been recognized in Italy for virgin and extra-virgin olive oil and
others are in the process of being recognized (eg Sardinia) as well as an IGP from the Tuscany Region.
Opportunities offered by innovation
The technical sheet prepared by the GTC “Olivicoltura ed Elaiotecnica” selected objectives and actions
subject of future research programs they represent, if adequately addressed in a relatively short time
short, strong potential and therefore development opportunities for our olive growing, as they go into action
directly against the aforementioned weaknesses.
SHEET N ° 2 - OLIVE GROWING AND ELAIOTECHNICS
1) Quantitative-qualitative characterization of oils and
table olives and their economic development in
according to the characteristics of typicality and quality.
1.1 Screening and validation of instruments e
procedures for fast and safe (statistically)
determination of the quality of oil, olives e
of the table olives processed to support the panel
tests and their regulatory recognition.
1.2 In-depth study of the parameters
analytical and organoleptic for differentiation e
economic exploitation of oils and olives from
table according to the areas of origin and the
1.3 Traceability of the origin of olive oil through
bio-molecular methodologies, mass spectrometry
of secondary ions and resonance spectroscopy
1.4 Studies on the effects that chemical reactions,
enzymatic and microbiological, present in
different stages of the extra oil production chain
virgin olive oil, they can exercise on quality
1.5 - Study of the analytical parameters for the definition
an index of technological ripeness of the olives e
to identify the most appropriate time frame for the
olive harvest, in order to obtain oils with the most
high nutritional and healthy quality possible.
1.6 Identification, analysis and implementation of tools
and means of communication suitable for the penetration of
new markets (domestic and foreign) for oils and olives
typical quality tableware.
2) Identification and validation of molecules
phytoiatric (among those existing) for the fight against
biotic adversities of the olive tree, even in cultivation
2.1 Study of the biology of the main cryptogams
of the olive tree and development of effective methods of
fight based on active substances appropriately
biological. (see Organic farming data sheet) selected (among those existing) for efficacy and for
toxicological and environmental profile
2.2 New strategies for the abatement of
adult populations of Bactrocera oleae in the period
spring and deepening of knowledge
on the reproductive biology of Diptera during the
winter-spring period: basic studies e
2.3 Registration of the same for the olive tree e
differentiation between olive oil and table olives
in compliance with the safety intervals.
3) Enhancement of processing by-products
3.1 Agronomic reuse of pomace and water
of vegetation, production of soil improvers and fertilizers
3.2 Identification of alternative uses of the residues of
processing of olives, including table olives
(recovery of polyphenols, etc.).
3.3 development of a collection procedure
and the disposal of toxic and noxious wastes that facilitate
even small producers
3.4 Reuse of products and by-products of
olives for energy purposes. Study of techniques, processes e
innovative management for the energy saving of
machines of the oil industry and processing
4) Development of new agronomic management models 4.1 Study of targeted cultivation techniques
to increase production and containment
of the alternation of production (e.g .:
rationalization of the use of water resources,
optimization of fertilization, use of suitable
4.2 Leaf nutrition of the olive tree: necessity, quality
of products, times and methods of distribution,
cost / benefit assessment with respect to nutrition
4.3 Adaptation of cultivars belonging to
Italian olive germplasm at the plants of
super intensive olive growing.
4.4 Study of soil - climate - oil relations in order to
define the most favorable conditions for the development of
an olive-growing for income and the making of cards
pedological "Terre dell’olivo" (cartography of
4.6 Application of agricultural techniques of
precision and innovative types of mechanization
of harvesting and pruning operations.
5) Enhancement of native varieties 5.1 Finding the existing germplasm,
also according to the results of the Olviva project,
5.2 Creation of collection fields
5.3 Evaluation of the quality of oils and olives
HORTICULTURE (OPEN FIELD AND PROTECTED)
INCLUDING FUNGICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGICAL ENHANCEMENT OF VEGETABLES
The horticultural supply chain has national importance with a total area of 530,000 ha distributed for 23% of
north, 11% in the Center and the remaining 66% in the south and an estimated total production
approximately 15 million tons (ISTAT data). The sector includes crops protected on an area
estimated at over 44,000 ha distributed for 70% in the southern and central regions (Sicily, Lazio, Campania,
Tuscany) for 26% in the Northern regions (Veneto, Lombardy, Liguria, Piedmont) and for the remainder in
Sardinia and other Regions
The sector is expressed through a multiplicity of pedo-climatic situations, companies and companies
entrepreneurial skills, which are followed by cultural itineraries, qualitative aspects and production calendars a lot
diversified, also because such are the technological innovations locally adopted in the processes
Southern horticulture has a prevalent destination towards the fresh consumer market, and is oriented
towards the production of extra-seasonal vegetables, due to their marked earliness and often even tardiness, while
the horticulture of the Center North and some areas of Puglia and Campania is aimed more at productions to be allocated
to the processing and transformation industry or the canning industry, freezing and the production of
Horticulture has become very professional in the last twenty years, starting with the nursery that allowed the
diffusion of more and more new and efficient constitutions (varieties and hybrids) more oriented towards the requests of
market and with genetic resistance to parasitic adversities. In the protected crops sector the
use of grafted plants, solarization, hydroponic crops, nematicide plants, to remedy
to the problems of soil fatigue, micropropagation, targeted fertigation, and many others
agronomic techniques allow to produce respectful productions from a qualitative point of view e
Eco-sustainable horticulture has also established itself, which rationally uses technical means (fertilizers,
crop protection products) in compliance with human health and environmental balance and following appropriate regulations of
production also dictated by the large-scale retail trade and quite widespread also appears to be
The southern regions, due to the favorable climatic conditions (hot-arid climate) that limit epidemics
plants, total up the most conspicuous percentages of integrated and organic productions, as shown by research
laboratory science and controls carried out in fruit and vegetable markets.
Vegetables have become a key constituent of our diet having been re-evaluated for
modest calorie content and the high presence of fiber and antioxidant substances. The consumer of today
is increasingly attentive to the health aspects of food and is constantly looking for so-called "foods
functional, that is, able to prevent certain pathologies and counteract the phenomena of aging. From these
nutritional needs arise, for example, from institutional campaigns in favor of the consumption of fruit and vegetables
in schools. The changing needs of contemporary society also require the offer of horticultural products
processed and ready for consumption such as IV and V range vegetables.
Weaknesses of the sector:
Structural shortcomings linked to company pulverization, to the presence of protective preparations
obsolete, poor mechanization of cultivation operations together with infrastructural deficiencies
given by the inadequacy of the transport system and the unavailability of irrigation resources,
lead to high production costs
Strong presence of intermediaries in the supply chain from the field to the consumer
Lack of presence at national level of Producer Organizations compared to other European realities
which do not allow to aggregate and plan the offer resulting in poor competitiveness on
domestic and foreign markets
Failure to apply process and product certification systems, traceability e
Strong dependence on abroad for the procurement of propagation material and use of
Strengths of the sector
Backbone of the national PLV in particular for extra-seasonal productions
High organoleptic and nutritional characteristics of national and international horticultural productions
particular of the southern ones
Presence of protected productions
Diffusion of sustainable horticulture for the particular attention to low-impact techniques and
increase in organic production
Increased consumer awareness on the health aspects related to the consumption of fruit and vegetables e
that require a healthy product obtained with eco-sustainable techniques.
Opportunities offered by farmers' markets with the aim of shortening the supply chain.
Opportunities offered by innovation
Among the development policies in favor of the agri-food system, the regional RDPs undoubtedly represent
tools aimed at encouraging the sector through actions aimed at improving the competitiveness of businesses
agricultural, which take the form of support measures for the modernization of structures and
transfer of innovations.
Other possibilities are offered by the VII Framework Program on R&T that they foresee in the sector
agri-food support for actions concerning biotechnologies for the development of new products, i
eco-sustainable production systems, control of the production system from field to table, demand
of healthy, safe and quality food, the study of consumer behavior on food choices,
as well as the demand for innovative, dietetic foods with nutritional properties, the adoption of
treatment to improve food functionality, development and demonstration of methods of
highly technological and efficient treatment and packaging. Such opportunities on the whole can
be of assistance to the development of the horticultural sector. Programs have been carried out nationally
ministerial by Mipaaf such as the finalized projects and the PROM project with CIPE funds for the Regions
of the Convergence Objective. The NOP Programs Research to be launched in the near future always in favor of the OB Regions.
Convergence will give priority to issues affecting the protection of biodiversity for the agricultural sector
horticulture, innovative cultivation systems, the development of fresh-cut products
In any case, in planning innovation development actions for the horticultural sector, it will be necessary to create
connections and synergies with other sectors of production that often end up invading and reducing
potential of horticulture (composting, production of growing substrates, biodegradable packaging,
renewable sources, waste reduction, energy production, photovoltaics, conservation e
processing of products, social agriculture).
SHEET N ° 3 - HORTICULTURE (OPEN FIELD AND PROTECTED)
INCLUDING FUNGICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGICAL ENHANCEMENT OF VEGETABLES
1) Commercial enhancement, Qualification e
1.1 Studies on the characterization of components
health, nutraceutical, organoleptic, aimed at
commercial and gastronomic enhancement
1.2 Increase in the biological value of vegetables,
reduction of anti-nutritional factors and other compounds
1.3 Testing of innovative systems and methods of
evaluation and quality control of vegetables,
including non-destructive ones, along the entire supply chain
1.4 Development of innovative technologies for
safeguarding the shelf life of products aimed at
maintenance of qualitative and hygienic-sanitary parameters
1.5 Recovery, characterization and enhancement
of local and newly introduced varieties of interest
national and / or regional, aimed at the production of
suitable propagation material, for the introduction of
resistance and / or tolerance to biotic or abiotic stress ed
to the improvement of product quality.
1.6 Lists of varietal orientation by areas
homogeneous, definition of production protocols,
methods and techniques of propagation, including
1.7 Testing of products, presentation methods
and innovative distribution (e.g. products IV and V
range, wild edible plants, new products,
o New crops (including species
spontaneous edible) and new product ranges.
o Agronomic and productive evaluation of
suitable cultivars for organic farming
o Adjustment of cultivation protocols
to the needs related to the process
industrial enhancement of the product
(technologies and processes for the enhancement
industry, means and techniques to reduce i
time and work required for the
preliminary preparation for cooking and / or al
2) Reduction of environmental impact with particular
reference to the optimization of resources
energy, water and nutritional
2.1 Evaluation and development of preparations
protective and innovative roofing materials, including
biodegradable plastic containers and films
2.2 Evaluation and development of products e
technologies capable of improving the quantitative response
of the productions with particular regard to
soilless cultivation methods (technologies,
materials, varietal suitability, closed cycle systems,
2.3 Definition and modeling of variables
irrigation, nutritional and energy and design of
decision support systems, including the
2.4 Development of climate management criteria in
able to limit the phytosanitary problems of
crops and expand production calendars
2.5 Evaluation and development of products e
control techniques for phytosanitary problems
with particular regard to eco-sustainable strategies,
IPM, Organic Agriculture.
2.6 Verification and evaluation of the effectiveness of use
of alternatives to methyl bromide in defense against
telluric plant pathogens in protected crops,
(low impact crop protection products, use of steam, outside
soil, solarization, herbaceous grafting, plants
biocide, antagonistic microorganisms)
2.7 Verification of the strategies for the containment of
virosis and recently introduced parasites e
testing of new active ingredients (including biological ones) for
2.8 Evaluation of different organic matrices e
cultivation techniques aimed at restoring fertility
of soils (also from a microbiological point of view)
including weed management
2.9 Verification of productive and qualitative responses
of the main horticultural crops at different levels of
fertilization and definition of protocols
fertilization also according to the prescriptions.
agri-environmental aspects of the regional RDPs.
2.10 Study of the metabolism of plants and
cultivation techniques in agro-environmental conditions
limiting (salinity, deficiencies, water and thermal excesses, pH
etc.) to increase the efficiency of use of resources,
especially of non-renewable ones.
2.11 Characterization of the total quality of
vegetables obtained organically.
2.12 Feasibility studies and evaluation of use of
different energy sources and study of the effects
of the use of photovoltaic panels for greenhouses
3) Product and / or process innovations for
reduction of production costs and strategies
3.1 Analysis and technical-economic evaluation of means
and techniques in order to reduce production costs in
a perspective of eco-sustainability
3.2 Studies of the market aspects of innovative forms
3.3 Telematic technologies to support sales e
INDUSTRIAL, OFFICINAL AND NO FOOD CROPS
(INCLUDING AGRO-INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES)
The need to increase the weight of renewable energies in the world energy balance - dominated by
industrialized countries - is supported by an immense and ever-expanding bibliography and legislation
international that increasingly considers this need. The EU itself has highlighted the need for
resort to the production of energy from renewable sources, as underlined by the recent Directive 28/09 EC e
from the identification of the growth of renewable energies as a new challenge of rural development together with
climate change, biodiversity and saving and qualification of the water resource.
Before getting into the subject, however, it may be useful to summarize the main underlying reasons for that
led to focus a lot of interest on renewable energy:
Availability of fossil fuels. Numerous studies highlight two phenomena related to the current situation
fossil fuels: the decrease in their availability and their link to geopolitical dynamics,
trade and investments in the oil industry. In this context the energies
Renewables, however, act as a substitute for fossil fuels, limiting them
hence dependence, a fact in itself of a strategic nature
Greenhouse gas emissions. Atmospheric emissions of CO2 and other “greenhouse gases” deriving from production e
use of technologies and industrial products (primarily N2O and CH4) are altering, now with one
certain evidence, the climate and consequently all the complex ecological balances linked to it, as well as
also affect social aspects, especially in the poorest countries. From this point of view, the appeal
renewable energy stands as one of the main means to reduce CO2 emissions in
Socio-economic issue. The industrialized countries, moreover affected by the recent economic situation and by the
competition from industrializing countries that occupy ever greater market shares,
see renewable energies (and energy saving) as a potential development sector which - if
properly guided at the political level - it could stimulate the recovery of more productive sectors.
Competition between energy biomass and food crops. Hardly in the conditions
regional use of energy biomass can be to the detriment of food production. In fact the
first present themselves as a potential factor supporting prices at times when agriculture comes
depressed by over-production (cyclical fact). Secondly the energy conversion concerns
almost always the use of residual raw materials, which are placed at the end of food use
(example: straw in the case of cereals) or industrial (example: waste from the production of
semi-finished wood products obtained from forestry uses)
Development of the territory and in particular of the agricultural sector. Biomasses can be used with different
conversion processes and technologies that lend themselves to being spread throughout the territory: agro-energy supply chains
they therefore require multiple knowledge and equally distributed professionalism. This
favors the diversification of the level of labor supply in rural areas and, ultimately, of a
certain type of culture that makes the social fabric more solid.
From this point of view, also considering the rather confusing national regulatory framework, it appears
It is essential to direct research towards development strategies that involve both the technological field and
economic, territorial and social. In particular, the research is oriented towards:
The improvement of varieties that are simultaneously able on the one hand to respond
qualitatively to the characteristics of a good fuel and on the other hand ensure an income
guaranteed to farmers (e.g. high oleic sunflower varieties)
The qualitative characterization of fuels in order to create technical regulations that can
standardize and certify biofuel
The optimization of all phases of the agro-energy supply chain in order to lower economic costs and
The enhancement of the use of crop residues, through the improvement of logistics and
combustion technology of the same residues
Improvement of the technology both relative to the existing one (eg horizontal digesters, stripping
nitrogen, etc.) is aimed at the use of new materials (eg liquid biofuel from algae, etc.).
SHEET N ° 4 - INDUSTRIAL, OFFICINAL AND NO FOOD CROPS (INCLUDING TECHNOLOGIES
1) Stimulate the development of new supply chains for
"no food" productions (including the enhancement of
by-products and pruning residues), with
Energy and Biomass Sector (Sub-chains:
ethanol, biogas from vegetables, electricity
and thermal with particular reference to that
obtainable from the by-products of the wine production chains
and olive groves, including pruning residues,
Industrial Oils Sector (Sub-chains: high erucic,
high oleic, drying oils or other uses).
Fiber and Cellulose Supply Chain
Second generation biofuels
1.1 - Intensify research in the field of crops
more suitable than the more productive varieties in
relation to the territory, optimal cultivation techniques e
of possible commercial outlets. (Interest
national but to be developed at a territorial level)
1.2 - Verification of activities for the protection of
biodiversity, production diversification and
maintenance of soil fertility.
1.3 - Intensification of research on technologies e
on the rationalization of processes and systems
production within the entire supply chain. (Interest
1.4 - Research development for direct use in
company of energy resources obtainable from oils
raw vegetables and biomass available, with
particular reference to those obtainable from
pruning of the olive tree and the vine, respecting a
high environmental quality. (National interest)
1.5 - Certification of the validity of the effluents
livestock and vegetables digested and / or composted in
replacement of synthetic amendments.
1.6 - Organization, economic budget, budget
energy of agro-energy yards (cost analysis
benefits, market research, identification of
figures interested in the supply chain, low input of
2) Improvement of production processes, quality
and profitability of typical industrial crops ed
2.1 - Improve the whole cultivation process
through: the verification of cultivation techniques more
emerging suitable for the peculiarities of the territories the optimal
use of natural resources available with
particular with regard to the efficient use of water
the use of varieties with greater resistance to
plant diseases and pathogens in general.
2.2 - Intensify the search for improvement
genetic aimed at increasing qualitative parameters
2.3 - Improve mechanization processes
within the entire production chain.
2.4 - Analysis and verification of the new scenarios related to
possible crop replacement currently
characterizing certain territories in order to
identify possible crop alternatives.
3) Implementation of specific programs for the
improvement and development of Officinal Cultures
3.1.1 - Intensify research for fine tuning
of the entire supply chain from the point of view of the enhancement of
3.1.2- improvement of the cultivation technique -
above all biological - with the verification of the possible
insertions in company crop rotations
3.1.3 optimization of mechanization processes
in the cultivation and first transformation phase
3.1.4 deepening of the varietal study on
fresh aromatic species depending on the market
3.1.5 focus on the possible uses of the products e
processing by-products in relation to
3.2 Development of research aimed at putting a
point of common production standards (also a
European level) and of analysis systems corresponding to the
quality certification and product traceability.
3.3 - Market analysis to identify the species of
greater interest, the basic quality standards, the
marketing methods also for the
Big organised distribution.
FORAGGICULTURE - ZOOTECHNICS - SECTOR PROCESSING INDUSTRIES
The supply chain has a significant importance:
permanent pastures and meadows represent 25.8% of the national UAA with 3.4 million ha,
most of which are located in hilly and mountainous areas characterized by low
productivity but of significant importance for the use and stability of the territory
the alternated fodder crops are 1.8 million ha, mainly of alfalfa following the
weeds of which about a third of waxy maize
there are 498,210 farms,
the dairy processing industries are 2,249 with over 30,000 employees,
the industrial transformation of meat is characterized by specific trends in
slaughterings compared to the previous year, highlighting the following in the various sectors
trends, the "bovine" shows a decrease of - 2.1%, the "pig" shows an increase of 1.6
%, the "poultry" recorded an increase of 16%, the "sheep-goat" recorded a situation
almost unchanged (- 0.2%). For the "poultry" sector, it should be noted that the upward trend
marked of slaughterings, was justified by the recovery in consumption and the increase in
market demand, following the regression of avian influenza events.
the production value of farms at basic prices is around 15 billion euros,
equal to 30% of the entire agricultural production,
that the consumption reaches an estimated 50 billion euros.
Over the last 20 years it has been characterized by a generalized phenomenon of company reduction
agricultural which has corresponded to an increase in the size of the farm with a greater concentration of the heads e
more pronounced species-oriented specialization. The cattle sector is in slight and steady decline in
number of heads, while the pigs are growing. Sheep and goats, poultry and burrows tend to be stable.
The Italian meat livestock sector represents about 65% of the value of livestock production but
it is not able to cover internal needs.
The dairy sector is still experiencing a phase of "adjustment" within the quota system and is suffering from a strong one
foreign competition on drinking milk.
For both sectors there is good potential in the transformation into denomination products (PDO,
IGP, PAT) that enhance a specific ability to produce original foods linked to a territory.
The processing industries are largely small and sparsely
integrated with each other in the last decade there has been a substantial holding in the number of companies with
a slight, but not generalized, increase in the number of employees per company. Strong integration
vertical is now consolidated in the poultry sector and, in part, in the tunnel.
DM is getting stronger in the distribution of food products of zootechnical origin, however
the importance of traditional butchery is confirmed.
From a geo-economic point of view, the supply chain can be summarized as follows:
a Po Valley district characterized by intensive forage-zootechnical systems based on the cultivation of
irrigated maize, mainly cattle, pigs and poultry, with substantial investments, oriented to
commodity production, strongly dependent on the market for production factors and on that of
outlet, often with high vertical integration
an alpine "crown" and an Apennine, mountain and hilly ridge, with zootechnical fodder systems
more extensive cattle and sheep and goats, albeit conditioned by the availability of surfaces
usable, set on the lawn and pasture, oriented to the production of specialties, open to markets
local and niche or short supply chains
an internal mountain of the islands, with extensive sheep, goat and pig systems, conditioned by limitations
environmental, oriented to the production of specialties, open to local and niche markets or short supply chains
some areas with highly specialized production systems: large poultry farms
size in Veneto, some central-southern areas with cattle breeding (Murgia barese e
Taranto, Sardinian Campidano, Lazio plain), pig breeding of indigenous breeds (Cinta Senese,
The supply chain conducted with organic production methods, after an initial expansive phase, records a
settlement caused by some unresolved technical limitations and high consumer product prices.
The possible national strategies for the supply chain must be calibrated for each product with a view to
reasonable balance of the internal market, but taking into account the globalizing dynamics of the agri-food market
a) the beef sector sees two important realities coexist: the closed cycle of autochthonous breeds of
quality and fattening of calves imported for the first time it is necessary to work on the modeling of
business system and on the best commercial penetration capacity, for the second consider
the opportunity to increase the internal production of calves. The current deficit in the
coverage of internal needs and the double commercial channel (GDO and retail butcher) that
interact with different livestock systems
b) the bovine milk and pig sectors could increasingly orient themselves towards qualitative diversification, to
transformation into products with denomination, inserted in a path of expansion of the internal market e
c) the sheep and goat sector can point to a greater evolution towards high-quality processed products
quality and linked to the territory of origin ("easier" for milk, less for meat)
d) the poultry sector, affected by technical-managerial adaptation processes aimed at a
guaranteeing its sustainability, it is characterized by a high vertical integration and an internal market
“Satisfied” and mature, he is moving towards range diversification
e) the "organic" sector must solve some zootechnical and business organization problems,
compatibly with the limits of availability of the surfaces, aimed at containing costs that
allows greater commercial penetration of the product.
(1) - ISTAT data relating to the year 2008
(2) - ISTAT data relating to the year 2007
(3) - ISTAT data relating to the year 2007
SHEET N ° 5 - FORAGGICULTURE - ZOOTECHNY - SECTOR PROCESSING INDUSTRIES
1) Enhancement and protection of products of origin
typical animals (milk, cheeses, cured meats, meats, etc.)
1.1 Identification and validation of tools for
certification of origin, and traceability, of
dairy and meat products through the study
of the factors of production and transformation, in the different
1.2 Chemical-nutritional characterization e
sensory of products of animal origin, with
particular with regard to nutraceutical aspects e
1.3 Study of the microbial ecosystems of the area
geographical origin of typical products: (typing,
also genetics of indigenous microflora, selection
and production of typical microbial starters)
1.4 Identification and online measurement of new ones
quality parameters of milk and meat for one
1.5 Evaluation of the qualitative parameters of eggs in
function of the regulatory and management evolution of
farms (cage, ground, free-range).
1.6 Qualitative evaluation of the products of origin
animal from alternative production systems (animal husbandry
biological, low impact, extensive).
2) Improvement of the environmental sustainability of
2.1 Experimental evaluation and validation in
field, of food plans for the reduction of
contents of nitrogen and phosphorus in livestock manure
of cattle (milk, meat), buffaloes, pigs, poultry, tunnels,
according to the specificity of the management of
breeding and forage production of
2.2 Evaluate the possibility of reducing emissions
of methane by ruminanates through the
management of food plans.
2.3 Identification of evaluation criteria e
possibility of reducing the environmental impact
overall (air, water, weight) of the
intensive farming in sensitive areas (vulnerable,
montane, with high environmental value_ZPS o
2.4 Enhancement of low-level livestock systems
impact, extensive or biological, in terms of
connection to the forage production of
area and benefits for the community.
3) Innovative products of zootechnical origin e
expansion of the commercial range
3.1 Study of innovative products obtained from milk,
meat and their by-products
3.2 Development of technological innovations, in
packaging, distribution, for
improvement of quality, food safety e
shelf life of processed products.
3.3 Study of innovative non-food products (cosmetics,
textile fibers, leather goods, etc.)
4) Increase and improvement of performance
production of farmed animals and the efficiency of
4.1 Application of biotechnologies and putting a
point of innovative techniques in the field of
molecular genetics and animal reproduction
4.2 Development of techniques to improve the response
immune system of animals in breeding and defense
from infectious diseases
4.3 Improvement of the reproductive efficiency of
species of zootechnical interest
4.4 Genetic improvement for non traits
directly productive (longevity, resistance
diseases, adaptation, etc.) of animals (bovine
4.5 Development of genetic improvement plans
to increase the quality of productions
4.6 Characterization of genetic types for
production of Italian heavy pigs, pigs
medium quality and breeding pig
4.7 Productive characterization of populations
autochthonous animals and breeds even with limited diffusion
4.8 Genetic selection and management of
reproduction aimed at improving the
5) Evaluation of animal welfare and its
correlations with livestock production systems
5.1 Evaluation of animal welfare in
relationship to the farming system, as well as to the
destination or use not
productive / multifunctional (e.g. pet therapy)
5.2 Definition of methods of measurement and
indicators of animal welfare on the farm,
during the transport and pre-slaughter phases
5.3 Development and field validation of “techniques
sustainable ”to reduce farming technopathies
intensive and improve animal welfare
6) Adaptation of the livestock sector to
legislation relating to food safety and
6.1 Assessment of the implications and impact of the
coexistence of GM and non-GM organisms in the supply chains
branded livestock and organic livestock farming
6.2 Cognitive investigations, monitoring, targeted studies for
the knowledge of possible contamination from
mycotoxins, pesticide residues, heavy metals
in raw materials for animal feed
6.3 Study of intensive farming systems such as
pelvis and source of risk for transferable wing pathogens
food chain in product processing
7) Development, sustainability and functionality of the systems
7.1 Management of meadow-pasture forage resources
and pascolive: identification and realization of
finalized territorial and corporate management tools
to a rational use of the resource
7.2 Experimentation of innovative techniques of
forage harvesting and storage in relation
to the growing environment, to the needs
breeding, energy consumption
7.3 Development of high forage systems
7.4 Improving the efficiency of the system
seed for the availability of plant materials
suitable for different climatic environments and different
conditions of use also through the development of
production of seeds of local ecotypes
7.5 Development of sustainable management models of
low impact forage-zootechnical farms
environmental, guarantors of income, well-being
animal and company quality.
8) Rationalization of beekeeping 8.1 Qualitative enhancement of products
of the hive, and risk assessment of
environmental contamination and traceable
8.2 Development of tools and techniques for
enhancement of the pollinating activity of bees
8.3 Development of low impact solutions
environmental (homeopathy, phytotherapy) in prophylaxis
in the fight against hive diseases and in the control of
newly introduced parasites and pathologies
8.4 Safeguarding the genetic purity of Apis
mellifera L. by biometric and genetic studies
The general and regulatory framework of reference.
The fisheries sector is facing the implementation phase of the recent policy with many difficulties
Common Fisheries (CFP) which in recent years in particular has highlighted, to name the most problems
it is evident that there is an excessive exploitation of fish stocks, an overcapacity of the fishing fleets
, the loss of profitability of fishing enterprises, excessive waste of fish products, a
ineffective product marketing, a.
In this context, the fishing operators, fragmented into a thousand small businesses, are unable to
organize themselves in stronger forms of association as they are neither too tied to the fishing systems of the past nor pursued
except in special cases (consortia between fishing companies for the capture of bivalve molluscs) forms of
self-management of one's business.
The production of Community legislation increasingly rigid (EC Regulation 1967/2006, EC Regulation
1005/2008, Regulation 1010/2009, Regulation 1077/2008) requires the adoption of management measures
for the sustainable exploitation of fishery resources, sustainable fishing tools, certification of
catches for import / export, product traceability, food safety packages and many other very rules
Also in relation to aquaculture activities that have shown a lot especially in recent years
dynamism, Community and national regulatory provisions exist which require interventions in the
the sector pays a lot of attention to the production techniques of positive effects on the environment, to the enhancement of
organic production, attention to quality, traceability and health of farmed animals labeling of
Even the most recent national legislation (law no. 99 of 23 July 2009) in order to protect the quality of
national product and to combat fraud imposes initiatives aimed at strengthening actions to protect products
fisheries and aquaculture.
It is therefore necessary to accompany those involved in fishing and aquaculture towards a
overall modernization of the sector which may also determine a stabilization of the economy
The processes started with the common fisheries policy must be accompanied by all the tools
necessary to move the sector towards the rationalization of resources, the common organization of
fishing activities, respect for the environment and fish stocks, the development of aquaculture in the sense indicated
by the community regulations.
The research strategy
In this context, research as never before has to facilitate the activity of economic operators for
put them in a position to be competitive by respecting the general conditions imposed by European rules e
In this sense, the four research objectives set out in the respective actions have been identified for
respond concretely to the needs of the sector taking into account the outlined evolution of the sector
The proposed research objectives are:
sustainable and environmentally friendly management and exploitation of natural fish resources
improvement and expansion of the aquaculture production base
environmentally friendly and technical management of aquaculture and mariculture facilities
enhancement of environmental resources, fish products and the market
SHEET N ° 6 - FISHING AND AQUACULTURE
1) Management and sustainable exploitation ed
environmentally friendly of natural fish resources.
1.1 Investigations on the biology, consistency and diffusion of
specific genotypes of commercial interest.
1.2 Comparative surveys on the consistency of
fish populations and the ichthyogenic bearing of
waters subject to professional fishing activities, both
at sea and in inland waters, in relation to
fishing effort and the amount of withdrawal with
particular reference to biological protection areas.
1.3 Analysis of native fish populations
subject to fishing activities, both at sea and in
inland waters, characterized by a status
unfavorable to conservation and study of any
interventions for the restoration of these populations (eg.
1.4 Analysis of associated management models of
fishing activities in order to improve the sustainability of
withdrawal also in terms of selectivity of the systems for
1.5 Identification and development of suitable post-sowing techniques
for the survival and adaptation of
juveniles of coastal marine species.
1.6 Characterization of the production units of
youth from restocking, at regional level e
national, and the relative qualitative-quantitative rate of
productive functionality in relation to the needs of
connected catchment areas.
1.7 Development of standardized operational protocols for
the characterization of the biotic quality of
1.8 Development of operational protocols for good
restocking practices of indigenous strains in
relation to the flow rate, the uptake and the outflow
vital minimum of water bodies.
1.9 Optimization of equipment and techniques
fishing for the purpose of improving selectivity e
of the containment of the environmental impact. Role
ecological of Fad's (Fish aggregating devices)
on the pelagic ecosystem, on recruitment and
biodiversity, for the development of the use of systems
1.10 Identification of the levels of genetic variability e
of the reproductive capacity of fish species of
fishing interest at the level of lake populations and of
hatchery restocking material, for the
improvement of restocking and conservation
of species biodiversity.
1.11 Definition of reproduction protocols
artificial, first breeding and / or growth of
autochthonous subjects for repopulation, of quality,
with a view to the genetic protection of
2) Improvement and expansion of the base
2.1 Development of reproduction protocols e
first breeding of new native fish species
(marine and / or freshwater) with particular
reference to cephalopod molluscs, crustaceans
decapods and echinoderms of particular interest
2.2 Development of bio-economic simulation models
for the management and production optimization of
fish farms and mathematical forecasting models
on the environmental impact of farms.
2.3 Development of chain production techniques
high-content phyto-zooplankton foods
unsaturated fatty acids, for feeding the stages
larval of farmed species. Investigations
on the alternative use (active ingredients, energy) of
2.4 Evaluation of the applicability of standards
international organizations on animal welfare.
3) Environmentally friendly and technical management of plants
aquaculture and mariculture
3.1 Study of physical, chemical and biological parameters
of the inlet and waste water of the plants
aquaculture and natural basins, as well as
useful techniques for their purification and reuse with
particular reference to phytodepuration techniques
3.2 Setting up and testing of equipment
innovative for offshore farming, with technologies
with reduced environmental impact. Investigations
on sustainable aquaculture (polyculture, valliculture),
seeking innovative management models, with methods and
3.3 Identification and research of techniques of
nutrition and types of feed also
alternatives to those currently in use that
guarantee a low environmental impact.
3.4 Study of innovative prophylactic techniques e
search for new active ingredients to be used for the
defense of all farmed fish species, including in the
4) Enhancement of environmental resources, of
seafood and market products
4.1 Identification and standardization of
scientific methodologies for certification and
enhancement of production chains and products
fisheries and aquaculture, for the purposes of protection
sanitation, food and nutrition of the
consumer for the enhancement of the quality of
4.2 Socio-economic feasibility studies of
fishing-tourism and aquaculture-tourism transferable to
fishing and aquaculture operators in the waters
internal and in rural realities
4.3 Development of transformation techniques,
packaging and marketing of products
fish, strategies for the enhancement of preparations
food derived from typical local products, mass a
point of tools and techniques for conservation
of the catch on fishing boats.
FLORICULTURE AND ORNAMENTAL NURSERY
The evolution of the world market
Worldwide, the extension of areas intended for horticulture is approximately 1,400,000 ha (AIPH / Union Fleurs
2007). The world area reserved for the cultivation of flowers and plants (bulbs included) is approximately 600,000 ha
(over 50% in Asia, 20% in Europe and 18% in America) while about 720,000 ha are made up of plants
nursery. The international flower market revolves around three geographical areas: Western Europe
United States / Canada and the Far East (Japan, China, South Korea) which alone account for about ¾
of the global consumption of floricultural products estimated at about 70 billion euros, also considering the
garden (Rabobank 2008). Among the non-EU countries, the production and competitiveness of
African countries (Kenya, Zambia and Uganda, etc.), South America (Ecuador and Colombia) and Asia (India, etc. and
more recently China whose surface is now estimated at 100,000 ha of which 40,000 are dedicated to cut flowers and
the rest to potted plants, whose production value is around 4.1% of the world one.
European horticulture with 24% of the surface (62,000 ha) and 20% of world production covers
considerable economic and social importance. The EU is the largest market in the world for the consumption of
cut flowers (53%). The largest flows of imports come from third countries via the Netherlands which serves
as a hinge in intra-community trade. 72% of cut flowers and 43% of total flower products come from
from four countries: Kenya, Colombia, Israel and Ecuador.
Among the producing countries, Italy with 18,000 ha is in 1st place for dedicated areas, followed by Holland, the
United Kingdom, Germany, Spain and France. Protected surfaces reach 70% in the Netherlands, 60%
in Spain, 50% in Italy, 46% in France and 15% in Great Britain.
The national situation Horticulture is an important sector of the national agricultural system:
contributes around 6% to the total value of agricultural production for a value of around euro
2.5 billion euros of which 1.5 billion for flowers and potted plants and almost one billion for products
the production areas are mainly located in Liguria, Tuscany, Campania, Sicily,
is made up of nearly 20,500 companies operating on a total company surface of over
36,000 ha with a company average of about 1.76 ha (MiPAAF / Consorzio ITA 2009)
it is practiced in farms with a limited surface area, less than 1 hectare in the case of floricultural ones and about 2
has for nurseries.
The segment of ornamental greenery, consisting of green, flowering, fruiting and leafy fronds is assuming
increasingly important in the field of floriculture. Unlike cut flowers, which are suffering from a
significant decline in production due to strong competition, the potted plants sector is gradually expanding
as well as shrub species grown to meet the growing demand for furnishing green spaces.
The segment of potted plants and nurseries was much less affected by the expansion of trade on a scale
international also due to the lower convenience for long-distance transport. The increase in supply has
however, the bargaining power of the companies was weakened and a selection was determined.
In Italy, consumption coincides mainly in pre-established circumstances (holidays, anniversaries, etc.). The choice
of the canal is still dominated by the florist's shop (about 80% for cut flowers, about 50% for plants
according to data from Rabobank 2008), but the Grande is becoming increasingly important
distribution, Garden Centers and Plant Centers.
The economic crisis that has been affecting the world economy for a year has naturally had an impact
very important on the economy itself with a contraction in consumption in countries with mature markets and with
a reduction in producer prices. Probably this situation is transitory and therefore linked to
economic fundamentals, among other things, it is noted that the increase in the consumption of horticultural products is
directly linked to the per capita GDP of each country. It is therefore likely that after a settling phase
which also presupposes major changes in the commercial supply chain and in the distribution chain
they are already foreseeing there will be a recovery in consumption and this will also increase significantly
share in countries of recent economic development (Poland, Russia, India, China) that could begin to
become consumers. This is the context in profound evolution and to be constantly monitored that it must
guide all support actions for the production chain.
Strengths of the sector
Without prejudice to the fact that a specific Supply Chain Table has recently been set up and the Plan of
Sector for nursery gardening which will have to represent the strategic policy document at the national level
for the development and enhancement of the industry, the factors that constitute the strengths of the industry can
favorable soil and climatic conditions.
production areas with high "know how" able to offer high quality products.
varietal richness of the Mediterranean flora which allows an expansion of native species.
the good flexibility of farms
the good peculiarities of origin of some flower and nursery products.
the presence in different regions of Italy of associative structures, flower districts, markets, networks
commercial and medium-large companies with good positioning on foreign markets.
the presence of public and private research structures and bodies in the area
Weaknesses of the sector
insufficient resources for promotion and marketing
strong competitiveness on markets from extra-regional productions (EU and non-EU)
insufficient investment capacity and difficulty in innovating the production process
insufficient protection and enhancement of national productions
high environmental impact and strong increase in production costs (eg energy, water and vehicles
poor product innovation and patent dependence from abroad
insufficient use of technology in greenhouses and high use of labor, cultivation methods
poor scheduling of productions
lack of supply concentration points in the major production areas.
poor differentiation of the packaging which makes the product undifferentiated.
very low investment capacity in marketing studies in the sector.
commercial difficulties due to small company size, fragmentation of the offer
weakness of the infrastructural system and insufficient supply chain and logistics
- weakness of the public research system in floriculture
- low level of investment in research and its transfer.
Research in florovovaism
The current system of public research in the horticultural field primarily includes:
- the CRA - Experimental Institute for Floriculture in the research units of Sanremo, Pescia, Pontecagnano
- Regional Institute for Floriculture of Sanremo, instrumental body of the Liguria Region
- Other regional research bodies: Minoprio Foundation, CeRSSA of Albenga, CRAS, Veneto Agriculture,
The main weaknesses of public research in horticulture:
- poor coordination between the research structures competent on the subject
- lack of financial resources for research in floriculture
- fragmentation and dispersion of available research and funding
- non-strategic guidelines and lines of research, not functional to the needs / problems of the world
- poor transfer of research results to producers
- low financial sharing of the productive world.
- Poor link with research in other sectors.
- Little or no relationship with private research.
In this organizational and structural context, the objectives and actions identified by the Regions for
research in floriculture which aim to differentiate and direct research based on the production category
(cut flower and foliage, outdoor plants and potted plants).
The Priority topics for research for the floricultural sector identified by the Network are al
- Introduce product, process and technology innovation into companies
- reduce production costs and the impact on the environment
- introduce sector and economic studies to finalize the research.
RECOMMENDATIONS (common for the three segments)
In order to direct the applicative research activities at the national level it is necessary first of all, aside
of all interested parties (clients and research operators), have a clear understanding of the state of the economy
the floricultural sector, its interrelationships, needs, priorities and consumer needs. It is necessary
take into account what happens in other countries because only from a clear, shared and global scenario
rational choices that can be used by the production chain may arise. In particular, it is advisable to avoid
work on species that are in decline from the market point of view.
In general, it will be indispensable and necessary to promote the network between the Research Centers and Bodies at the level
national, regional, also favoring international collaboration through the establishment of
partnerships, the realization of integrated and multidisciplinary research projects also promoting the
training and exchange of researchers.Particular attention must be paid to avoiding overlapping
and lack of coordination between the different research groups.
Forms of collaboration should be envisaged, where possible, with private research subjects or at least
understand their needs and involve the Regions, the production chain (the Districts if present), the bearers
of interest in the detailed setting, in particular for the choice of species and related
problems and in the evaluation of results, also through the establishment of thematic working groups
creation of stable relationships between public and private research, between public and private technicians, will be useful for finalizing
better basic and methodical researches the birth and development of new realities that deal with
genetic improvement (spin-offs and / or new individuals)
It will be necessary to create systems for verifying the shared results, their transferability and their effectiveness
relapse of research into the production world by promoting synergies and collaborations with the services of
regional development, with all public and private technicians, taking care of dissemination in a timely manner.
When it comes to product innovation, our country is not at the forefront, just think that
only 2.5% of the new ornamental varieties protected at community level come from Italy. Furthermore the
National breeding is concentrated on a few species and neglects many others today
important. This constitutes a serious gap vis-à-vis our competitors. Let us also remember that
for a new species or variety to become established, it is necessary not only to create new varieties but also
to know adequately the physiology, the cultivation techniques, the response to forcing, the post harvest to the end
to make them usable in the commercial chain. This therefore also presupposes process innovation.
create a nationwide network of germplasm collections by particular species
interest and related computerized databases in a standardized way among the different ones
well finalize the research and experimentation activity that should not be limited to aspects only
basic but must have an application finalization by our production chain e
commercial and in particular pay attention to the issues of sustainability and
verify the possibility of setting up reference groups organized for specific interests e
skills, by type of production (eg: "Rosa" group) or by topic (eg: group
"Energy" or "management") capable of providing methodologies, data and coordinating activities e
exchanges of information with the participation of representatives of research bodies,
local administrations and stakeholders. This will improve the relationship
between the production chain and the research and experimentation structures.
Prepare a database regarding the public sector that contains the lines of
research carried out, the expected and obtained results, the publications produced and so on
needs for rapid and effective disclosure.
In general, given the current scenario, a great effort is needed to create and develop the business idea
("Doing business") and the awareness of the tools necessary to attack global markets by
SMEs. The economic aspects of the productions and of the companies in them will be taken into consideration
together with the use of innovative commercial tools: certifications, use of balanced tools
in normal agricultural business practice, benchmarking and business efficiency indicators analysis of
market, sector and marketing strategies, creation at the territorial level of tools that constantly
update on local, national and international market dynamics (economic observers) etc ...
The species on which attention should be given priority are those of the Mediterranean type, linked to
biodiversity and the reduction of environmental impact.
Among these we can indicate with an explanatory but not exhaustive list: Camellia, Sunflower cut
and from vase, Proteaceae, Summer flowers, Acacia glaucoptera, Arbutus, Lisianthus, Dianthus barbatus, Calla
white, Ranunculus, Anemone, Poppy, vase and cut daisy, wildflowers, native species,
multifunctional roses, Pancratium, Limonium, Helleborus, Dahlia etc ...
SHEET N ° 7 - FLORICULTURE AND ORNAMENTAL NURSERIES
1) FLOWER AND CUT FROND PLANTS
1 Introduction of novelties, commercial or with
development potential, adapted to the needs of
national flower areas in order to:
expand the offer in limited periods
product availability (spring-summer)
introduce low species or varieties
thermal - energy needs
1.1 recovery, selection, characterization, too
with molecular methodologies and evaluation
agronomic, ornamental and commercial, of
varieties and / or species especially those
Mediterranean, indigenous and naturalized, too
through the establishment of collection fields e
varietal orientation. The use of methods
molecular structures and the creation of databases
genomics must be strictly targeted
to applicative breeding plans.
1.2 widening of the varietal range through
the creation of new varieties
1.3 development and evaluation of protocols
technical production including post-harvest aspects
2 improvement of varieties and strategic species
for the national floricultural areas, with particular
with regard to the quality of the productions,
to the extension of the production period and to
control of the production cycle
2.1 deepening of the physiological aspects e
technical-commercial (in vitro and in
alive, nutrition, physiology, cultivation, defense,
methods of presentation and distribution).
2.2 identification and development of techniques
innovative on the maintenance of parameters
qualitative in post harvest
2.3 fine-tuning for Mediterranean species
more known and widespread than the knowledge of the
physiology of flowering and post-harvest such as
allow better management of
productions and a production offer in the best
market periods and especially very broad in the
3 introduction of technological innovations and
process for the improvement of productions,
with particular regard to the cost reduction of
production and energy, environmental impact,
and to all the methods that increase the
environmental compatibility and recovery and the
reuse of waste and wastewater
3.1 use of strategies, materials, renewable sources,
innovative systems and structures in the field of
energy saving in order to and the reduction of
3.2 introduction of innovative products and systems
of, prevention and biological and / or integrated defense
with rational use of climatic parameters
development of kits for early diagnosis and systems
monitoring of phytosanitary problems
study of induced resistance of pathogens
3.3 study of water and nutritional needs ed
energetics and development of models and systems
innovative crops, including soilless systems.
1. introduction of product innovation,
exploiting biodiversity, with reference between
adaptability of species and cultivars
to the plant in areas of interest
landscape-environmental and suitable for
naturalistic engineering systems
1.1 selection and genetic improvement of novelties
commercial and native germplasm and / or
naturalized, also with reference to species
Mediterranean and dry garden
1.2 use of molecular markers as valid
operational tool for characterization,
evaluation and agronomic behavior of
news within integrated improvement plans
1.3 studies for the modification of architecture and
2. introduction of native species for use in
3.3 study of techniques for grubbing up, transport,
planting and post-planting care of trees
3.5 innovative nursery techniques to reduce
transplant stress of ornamental trees and shrubs
3. reduction of environmental impact e
landscaping, improvement and optimization
of production techniques and evaluation
quantitative capacity of shrub species e
trees for the purpose of pollution mitigation
atmospheric in urban and perturban environments
2.1 studies for the use of alternative methods a
low environmental impact (waste water for
irrigation systems, biodegradable containers, substrates,
suppressive compost and biostimulants defense a
low impact, point irrigation, control
physical weeds, geodisinfection, energies
alternatives, innovative pots etc ...)
2.2 evaluation of the efficacy and selectivity of
new products study of monitoring strategies
and biological and integrated pest management
standard methodology for state assessment
health and stability, and any actions of
reorganization, with particular reference to
plants for urban green areas and public spaces.
2.3 evaluation of ornamental species for the
improvement of environmental and ecological quality
and landscaping with particular reference to
plants intended for urban green areas and areas
3.1 evaluation and development of techniques for
optimize product quality
3.2 studies to improve the efficiency of the use of
water and nutritional resources introduction of
innovative shrub management techniques
including a technical-agronomic assessment
and an in-depth knowledge of
nutritional needs of the species
4. development of low impact products and technologies
environmental including the recovery and reuse of wastewater
agricultural or industrial waste, compost e
3.4 studies on the absorption of gaseous pollutants,
on CO2 emissions and particulate capture, effects
on micrometeorological conditions such as
temperature mitigation with positive effects
on energy consumption due to shading
of tall vegetation and to the effect
5. study of forms of aggregation e
1. introduction of novelties, commercial or con
development potential, adaptable to needs
of the national flower growing areas in order to:
to. introduce low-requirement species
introduction of process innovations e
technologies for the improvement of productions
with particular regard to the cost reduction of
production and energy and environmental impact
1.1 recovery, characterization, also with
molecular methodologies, and evaluation
agronomic, ornamental and commercial of
varieties and / or species, including those
Mediterranean, indigenous and naturalized.
Establishment of plant genomic databases
2. rationalization and innovation of aspects
technical - commercial of varieties and species
strategic for the national flower growing areas, with
particular with regard to the quality of the productions.
Energy saving: technologies that use
cogenerators, geothermal heat exchangers e
alternative energy for greenhouses
2.1 deepening of the technical aspects -
commercial (in vitro and in vivo propagation,
nutrition, physiology, cultivation, defense,
methods of preparation and transport) studies e
technical-management strategies aimed at reduction
of energy consumption in cultivation
2.2 production protocols and technical-management strategies
aimed at increasing quality and / or
quantity of production, to elongation
of the production period and changes
the architecture and size of the plants
in-depth analysis of the technical aspects -
commercial (in vitro and in vivo propagation,
nutrition, physiology, cultivation, defense,
methods of preparation and transport)
2.3 Development of alternative substrates too
with high water retention capacity.
3. studies on the production and commercial chain that
lead to aggregation and standardization
3.1 use of strategies, materials, sources
renewables, innovative plants and structures in the
field of energy saving in order to
reduction of studio production costs
use of agricultural, agri-food by-products
and livestock, new products and waste
slaughter for energy production and the
waste water recovery for reduction
3.2 introduction of innovative products and systems
of prevention and biological and / or integrated defense,
also based on the rational management of
climatic parameters, development of kits for
early diagnosis and monitoring systems
of phytosanitary problems study of the
pathogen resistance induced by the use of
3.3 study of water and nutritional needs ed
energetics and development of models and systems
4. development of low-cost protective structures
and reduced energy consumption.
6. study of forms of aggregation e
4.1 development of appropriate strategies for
disclosure and transfer that allow
innovations to get in touch with the
production and technical assistance support.
4.2 dissemination and transfer of
ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE BIOTECHNOLOGIES
The opportunities offered by the development of the biotechnology sector, in particular with regard to the capacity of
instruments, in continuous and rapid evolution, as well as the knowledge produced, actually more abroad
than in our country, but with elements of novelty in the last five to ten years also in national projects.
Given the sensitivity that accompanies the applicative aspects of biotechnology in agriculture, an eye of
respect is due with regard to the developments in this field in other countries, and also to the novelties
recent technologies as well as the possibilities of control, traceability and advantages for our agriculture of
A strategic development framework cannot ignore the acquisition of an adequate structure of the
technological availability present in the area, which can then be focused on the need for order
legislative-organizational (GMO coexistence with traditional crops) or national strategic projects
(sequencing of a Mediterranean crop such as the olive tree, or application of the most advanced techniques
large-scale molecular genetics on typical crops)
Food safety, coexistence, traceability, typing of agro-industrial products. The indications of
Brussels on the coexistence between GMOs and conventional and organic crops as well as the introduction in ours
Country of crops and seeds that need to be tracked and documented require ours
attention to the development of adequate tools for the assessment, reduction and management of risks / rules
associated with the use of GMOs in agriculture.
The need to improve the health status of species of agricultural interest arises on the same level, the
quality and safety of food products and the quality of the environment.
Both the first and the second point require the development and application of new diagnostic techniques
molecular of easy application, possibly economic, of wide diffusion.
First of all, the Network needs to identify laboratories that take on the role of Observers for
monitoring of genetically modified plants and their products. The authority of these superpartes laboratories,
or not ideologically aligned, to be identified in universities or research centers more
advanced in our country, should guarantee that necessary balance as well as an absolute guarantee
fairness that such a delicate sector requires. In fact, neither alarmism nor excesses are desirable
superficiality but absolute credibility and correctness in the analysis and dissemination of the results. Such observers
should have similar and comparable methodologies for the sampling and identification of GMOs
in seeds, raw materials, ingredients, foods and products and for release analysis e
environmental risk assessment. Furthermore, they should have similar methodologies for evaluating
safety and nutritional characteristics of genetically modified food and feed. Periodically, e
on a national scale, such monitoring should be both of support to the legislator and of correct dissemination
to citizens for a widespread knowledge of the state of the art. Last but not least, it is considered necessary to support the
legislation on labeling the development of methodologies for the traceability of GMOs in the agri-food chain
through molecular and biochemical markers.
In parallel with the needs of security and coexistence, one is seen as indispensable
participation in the development of new methods of "soft" genetic transformation, in order to collaborate with
development of less impacting technologies and contributing to the growth of biotechnologies and their application
controlled, it is emphasized, by public institutions, for a greater guarantee for society.
Last but not least, a greater commitment of the institutions, where the experience in the sector is greater, in the flow
communication to users regarding biotechnologies would be highly desirable. Courses of
communication science applied to the biotechnology sector in particular could ensure a
greater and better knowledge as well as awareness of these issues also in our country,
visibly lacking from this point of view compared to northern European countries.
Genetic improvement and application of genomic technologies to typicality, to low environmental impact, to
agro-food quality. High-profile technological platforms have also developed in ours
Country, albeit with some delay compared to other highly industrialized countries, but in rapid growth. These
platforms, focused on the development of "omics" (metabolomics, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics),
largely born in a basic research context, they can find wide application in the activities of
genetic improvement, typing of national products, for a lower anthropogenic impact on the environment
agrarian, as well as for the characterization of the nutritional qualities of national agri-food products.
Synergies between technological platforms spread over the
territory and projects of broad sharing are proposed to assist these synergies. A project for sure
national interest, and highly characterizing our agriculture, is the sequencing of the genome
of the olive tree, for the purposes of its applications to the characterization of the product (increasingly badly imitated), al
genetic improvement of the plant, to the knowledge of the plant for the purpose of a lower anthropic impact in the
Other projects on horticultural crops, of high added value and equally characterizing an agriculture of
quality, focused on the analysis of biodiversity and protection of germplasm, rehabilitation and
Nicroporation, as well as application of advanced biotechnological technologies, could find great
support from the aforementioned technological platforms. Therefore a network of such platforms would be strongly
hoped for with strong national and regional support.
SHEET N ° 8 - ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE BIOTECHNOLOGIES
1. Risk assessment, reduction and management
associated with the use of GMOs in agriculture and a
support of strategies on coexistence between crops
transgenic, conventional and biological.
1.1 Development and validation of methodologies for
evaluate the safety and nutritional characteristics of
genetically modified food and feed
1.2 Establishment of "Observatories for the Monitoring of
genetically modified plants and their products "
1.3 Development and validation of new methodologies for
the sampling and identification of GMOs in
seeds, raw materials, ingredients,
foods and products and for release analysis e
environmental risk assessment: development of kits
commercial and serial production
1.4 Development of methodologies for the traceability of
GMOs in the food chain through markers
molecular and biochemical in support of legislation
1.5 Development of new processing methods
1.6 Studies aimed at defining systems of cultivation and
transformation of agri-food products into supply chains
"Non-GMO" and in support of management measures
related to coexistence
1.7 Biological and environmental risk assessment
the dispersion of GMOs in ecosystems also a
support to management measures related to
1.8 Improving the flow of communication
to users with regard to biotechnologies.
2. Development of new diagnostic techniques
molecular in order to improve the health status of
species of agricultural interest, quality and safety
of agri-food products and the quality of the environment.
2.1 Development and validation of biotechnological supports
for the identification and quantification of the main ones
pathogens for the animal and plant species of interest
2.2 Development and validation of biotechnological supports
for the identification and quantification of agents
contaminants in the food supply chains
2.3. Analysis of biochemical compounds and markers
molecules present in plants or products
fresh or processed food products
usable for the traceability of the product in the supply chain
2.4. Gene analysis and genetic improvement of
microorganisms useful for agro-industrial transformation
of fruit and vegetables
2.5 Improving environmental monitoring with
molecular diagnostic techniques
2.6 Creation of metabolomic databases
of the most important plant species for the region
Mediterranean, in order to enhance the nutritional qualities
of the species characterizing the Mediterranean diet
3. Improvement of the efficiency of the selection
genetics in species of agricultural interest e
genetic characterization of ecotypes and races
local by means of molecular markers.
3.1 Development, maintenance and networking of
technological platforms at the service of
marker-assisted genetic improvement
3.2 Genetic typing (fingerprinting) of breeds,
ecotypes or individuals of interest.
3.3 Description and characterization of biodiversity
3.4 Development, optimization and transfer of
techniques of cell culture or in vitro of species
fruit and vegetables for improvement applications
traditional and biotechnological genetics, rehabilitation e
4. Development of cultivation and breeding methods a
low environmental impact based on the approach
4.1 Development of technological platforms for the
genome sequencing and management
computer science of results (bioinformatics) for a
small group of relevant animal and plant species
for the national territory and not adequately
4.2 Complete sequencing of the genome of one or
more species of agricultural interest (plant species
SILVICULTURE - WOOD ARBORICULTURE - NON WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS
General framework of the sector
The state of the forests and the prospects of the forest sector in Italy have recently been analyzed e
described in two documents:
the summary document of the “Forests and Climate Change” Working Group, drawn up in 2005
as part of the National Strategic Plan preparatory to the drafting of development programs
rural areas (hereinafter RDP) 2007-13
the subsequent and in-depth Framework Plan for the Forestry sector (hereinafter PQSF), drawn up
by an interinstitutional working group (MiPAAF, MATTM, INEA, Regions) in implementation of L.
296/2006 (2007 Finance Law), approved by the State Regions Conference on
Referring to these documents, in particular the last one, a very concise picture is outlined below
of the Italian forestry sector.
Forests and the forestry sector in Italy
The forest area in Italy, according to the 2005 National Forest and Carbon Inventory, is estimated
in 10.6 million hectares, equal to 34.7% of the total land area, with a clear trend
to the increase in some decades, due to the abandonment of agricultural crops and pastures in the areas
mountain and hill marginal areas.
Within the forest area, wood arboriculture covers about 120,000 hectares, of which 66,000 hectares
poplar groves, these in sharp decrease (halved area since 1982).
In the face of the considerable extension of the forests, the growing awareness of them should be emphasized
importance: alongside the traditional functions of: (a) production (of wood - for industry or energy - and of
non-wood products), and (b) hydrogeological protection of the territory (protection of water, soils and slopes),
in the last quarter of the last century, other important social and environmental values were highlighted:
the improvement and maintenance of the landscape
use, for recreational or educational purposes
air purification, absorption and fixation of carbon dioxide
the conservation of plant and animal biodiversity.
However, these services have not so far been concretely recognized and remunerated to the owner or manager,
thus accentuating the abandonment of most of the mountain forest areas, often with poor aptitude
productive and negative staining.
Considering the sole function of producing woody raw materials from forests and arboriculture,
according to ISTAT data, the total value of these products, as an average over the last twenty years, amounts to
just over 1% of the total production of the primary sector.
Of the total national uses, on average 7-8 million cubic meters per year according to ISTAT, over 60%
is made up of firewood (the withdrawal of firewood is actually much higher, escaping the
statistical surveys of most of the cuts made in the coppices). As for the wood for work,
about 40% comes from poplar cultivation, which occupies just over 1% of the Italian forest area.
Considering that the annual import (especially of raw and semi-finished wood) is approximately 14 million
of cubic meters, Italy is the EU 25 country (excluding Malta and Luxembourg) with the lowest degree of
self-sufficiency in the supply of woody raw material for industry.
The PQSF identifies the following strengths of the Italian forestry and woods sector:
the constant increase of the Italian forest area (about one third of the national territory)
the annual increase in the commission higher than the utilization rates
the growing trend towards planned forest management
the high landscape and territorial diversity and diversified presence of habitats, fauna and flora
the high presence of protected forest areas
the multiplicity of functions, services and goods that forests offer to the community
the positive action of forest products and related activities on the development of important economic sectors
(construction, panels, paper industry, recycling, energy, trade).
The weaknesses highlighted are more numerous:
poor active management of the territory and the forest heritage
fragmentation and dispersion of forest properties and reduced farm size
scarce propensity of the forestry sector to a managerial, structural and productive adaptation
low generational turnover and vulnerability of traditional cultures linked to activities
insufficient road network and difficulties in accessing the property
poor commodity quality of timber, inconstant productivity and strong dependence on foreign countries
lack of harmonized sector information, both cartographic and statistical
inadequacy of the system of national, regional and local laws, plans and organizational models
lack of coordination between the various programming and planning tools
territorial and between the various subjects operating in the sector
poor vertical and horizontal integration between companies operating in the forestry chains
technical and managerial training gaps for employees, operators and owners
difficulty in remunerating the non-monetary services offered by forest resources.
The PQSF therefore identifies intervention priorities, grouped into 4 areas and summarized below:
encourage active management and adequate forest planning aimed at maintaining and
improvement of sustainability and multifunctionality
provide for new fiscal policy tools, which support the competitive development of the economy
promote new organizational models suitable for guaranteeing active and constant management of the
public and private forest ownership (associated and participatory models)
protect forestry companies and operators by recognizing their social role, improve productivity and
work safety in the woods
favor and enhance the development of the forest-wood supply chain, through the creation of short supply chains e
an integrated approach that involves all actors
promote forest certification and the traceability of wood
adapt infrastructures to forestry multifunctionality, minimizing negative impacts
encourage both specialist technical, managerial and occupational safety training as well as
2. Protection and conservation priorities:
enhance the protection of biodiversity in forest ecosystems
promote integrated forest-fauna management
encourage the implementation of afforestation interventions, favoring native species e
material of certified and local origin, favoring the reconstitution of fragmented areas
promote strategic initiatives aimed at safeguarding the heritage in situ and ex situ
incentivize the market for “zero emission” products and activities, promoting culture
of the use of wood starting from Green Public Procurement
define long-term strategies for the protection of the forest heritage from the risks and phenomena of
degradation (fires, pathogens, extreme climatic phenomena)
3. Priorities for territorial protection:
to favor the permanence of the communities in the mountain and hill places, through the
creation and / or enhancement of adequate services
recognize the widespread benefits and public services to entrepreneurs and forest owners
interest, which proper forest management produces in favor of the entire community
promote, primarily in rural contexts and mountain areas, the development and creation of
supply chains related to the energy use of forest biomass.
4. Coordination priorities:
promote the harmonization and simplification of legislation in the forestry sector, favoring the
sharing of intentions and coordination between the competent institutions, encouraging harmonization
of forestry monitoring and planning systems
create a permanent coordination structure that represents the point of reference
interinstitutional both for the implementation of forestry policies on the national territory and for the whole
enhance the tools, methods and processes of forward-looking, sustainable planning and management,
Finally, the PQSF defines 4 national priority objectives:
A. develop an efficient and innovative forestry economy, a prerequisite for the sustainable use of
B. protect the territory and the environment
C. guaranteeing the services of public and social interest, transforming the woods into a tool for
development, social and territorial cohesion
D. promote coordination and communication, in order to coordinate and calibrate the objectives
economic, environmental and socio-cultural at different organizational and institutional levels, also informing the
public and civil society.
All 4 contribute to the General Objective:
encourage sustainable forest management in order to protect the territory, contain change
climate, activating and strengthening the forestry chain from its production base and guaranteeing, in the long run
term, the multifunctionality and diversity of forest resources.
The priority lines for forestry research defined by the Regions
The contents of the research priority sheet identified by the
Expertise Group Forestry, Wood arboriculture, Non-wood forest products.
The GC has been active since the winter of 2008-09 for an in-depth review of the priority lines for research
forestry, taking into account that:
- the priorities expressed in the 1998-99 consultation between the Regions, preliminary to the Ri.Selv.Italia project,
they had not undergone significant changes in the next 10 years
- new problems and new research needs were emerging from the first implementation of the
Regional Rural Development Programs RDP 2007-13.
In setting up the revision of the Priority Lines, two aspects in particular were taken into account:
- the results and suggestions emerging from the national forest research project Ri.Selv.Italia, object of
in-depth evaluation by the GC during 2008
- the fact that the guiding objective, defined by the acts and agreements, stipulated at the international, EU and
national, last but not least the PQSF, could only be sustainable forest management.
Having said this, operationally, it was considered appropriate to distinguish sustainable forest management from
sustainable management of woody plantations outside the forest.
Two main areas have therefore been defined: (1) sustainable forest planning and management, (2)
plantations outside the forest.
To make the identification of research actions more effective, it was then preferred to clarify three other areas,
transversal to forestry and wood arboriculture: (3) forest nurseries (4) products and services,
economy, market, society (5) interactions with other components of the ecosystem.
Within the 5 areas, 19 themes were then identified, in some cases further detailed in sub-themes.
At the end of a work that involved 18 out of 21 administrations, 62 actions of
research, grouped according to each theme according to the priorities expressed by the Regions.
The areas in which the research actions are more detailed and numerous are: Plantations outside the forest (in
in particular, the new theme New forests, wooded buffer zones and green systems in the plains) and Planning
and sustainable forest management, slightly detached from the Products and services, economy, market, society,
far behind Forest nursery and interactions with other components of the ecosystem, areas that
however, it was considered appropriate to keep separate from the macro-areas of woods and arboriculture.
Scrolling through the 62 research actions, we find a close correlation with the priorities (structural, protection and
conservation, territorial protection) identified by the PQSF.
SILVICULTURE - WOOD ARBORICULTURE - NON WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS
1) sustainable forest planning and management
Forest planning and inventories
Forest resources monitoring: parameters e
common methodologies for inventories and surveys
on carbon storage and other aspects
1. Research on the effects of forest management
on carbon storage, comparing
different management modes active and free
2. National inventory of 3rd phase: methods
common applications for use and integration at level
regional carbon stock data.
3. Use of remote sensing data (LIDAR, images
multispectral from satellite, etc.) for the
characterization of forest stands for the purposes
management systems, inventory protocols, planning
forestry and damage mapping.
4. Study on the realization of the disturbance map
in the forest (fires, abiotic damage, attacks
parasitic) to be integrated into management plans
forestry, also to monitor the impact on the budget
Forest planning guidelines: systems e
methods, including for protected areas and Natura 2000 sites
Identification of common criteria and methods for the
territorial or large area forest planning,
as an interdisciplinary tool also valid for
private property, linked to the other tools of
Forest management in special situations 1. Oak decay: study of the dynamics
and management possibilities.
2. Management of newly formed woods on former
cultivated in a Mediterranean environment and on former pastures
3. Methods of silvicultural management in areas
4. Aged coppices: study of dynamics
evolutionary and sustainable management in order to
enhance its multifunctionality also through
5. Management of artificial pine forests
oriented towards renaturalization.
Forestry and land maintenance
(hydraulic-forestry arrangements and engineering
1. Evaluation of the stability and function of
forest cover protection, with particular
reference to aged chestnut coppice.
2. Riparian vegetation: assessment of stability
mechanics and the consolidating function of the species
riparians, with particular reference to the Salicaceae.
Forestry for forest fire prevention
and restoration of surfaces affected by fire
Methods and techniques for fire prevention
and minimal post-fire recovery techniques
Forestry and landscape 1. Definition of common criteria for identification e
management of woods and trees of interest
historical, cultural, spiritual and landscape.
2. Establishment of a national reserve network
Conservation and increase of biodiversity Identification of parameters and indicators for
objective determination of the level of
specific and structural biodiversity of stands
forestry and for qualitative-quantitative evaluation
Forest work systems
Forest use systems and their sustainability 1. Indicators, methods and systems of use
sustainable (with reference also to safety
of operators and maintenance of functionality
ecosystem) of forest biomass for the purpose
2. Definition of optimal standards of
mechanization and the road network for the
sustainability of uses.
2) plantations outside the forest
Arboriculture from wood and multifunctional with
New plantations: cultivation models, ecology, functions 1. Study and experimentation of new models
cultivation aimed at different environments (plain,
hills, mountains) and objectives (wood production,
environment, etc.), and with species with different cycles
2. Vocationality / aptitude cards by type of
Existing plants: models for management and
Methods and indicators for monitoring and
evaluation, also with reference to the assortments
retractable woods, and indications for management and
New forests, wooded buffer strips and systems
1. Study of multifunctional silvicultural models,
with particular reference to the function of protection of
2. Identification of cultivation modules aimed at decreasing the
level of artificiality of the new woods and methods for
increase / evaluate biodiversity (floristics,
mycological, pedological, fauna) of the new woods of
3. Research on sound absorbing capacity and
dust collection of wooded bands.
4. Criteria and guidelines for the creation of corridors
ecological, networking new woods and woods
5. Creation of models in which the
woody production of value together with the others
6. Creation of implant models suitable for
Woody plantations for biomass at the end
1. Survey on the territorial vocations of the crop.
2. Identification of logistical-organizational models.
3. Testing of new machinery for the
Poplar cultivation Creation of a network of trial plots of the various
clones already registered or being registered in the various
Multifunctional plantations and changes
Realization of systems that guarantee a better
adaptation to global warming, employing
also species of economic interest (e.g. cork,
Transversal theme to all types of plantations:
Monitoring and inventories, including aspects
ecological, energy and carbon balance
in plants and plantation soils
1. Creation of an interregional network of plants
experimental and demonstrative, also for the
evaluation of environmental products and services,
economic and social, including the storage of
2.Definition of an inventory methodology
continuous and common to all Regions, in particular
for the monitoring of poplar resources, in order
to prepare a national database, released from
periodic statistical surveys
3. Identification of common criteria and methods for the
evaluation of the quality of standing soles and of
potential assortments and for the enhancement of
intermediate wood products.
4. Study of the effects on the environment (water, soil,
fauna, etc.) of the different types of systems a
comparison with each other and with agricultural crops
5. Identification of alternative mulches to film
traditional plastic, sustainable in terms of costs and impact
3) FOREST NURSERY (transversal area)
Conservation of biodiversity in situ
(populations from seed) and in the subsequent phases of
collection, treatment of the seed and production of the
1. Identification of the regions of origin a
national level, including through characterization
genetics of the main tree species and some
shrubs of particular interest.
2. Implementation of a network with common criteria
interregional seed orchards and evidence of
3. Common guidelines for forest management
from seed (disciplinary, forest management plans).
4. Seed conservation methods and
nursery production suitable for maintenance
of intraspecific biodiversity.
Definition of criteria and standards for the
qualification of the multiplication material, in
in relation to the different types of employment.
1. Development of guidelines for the main ones
tree species aimed at obtaining
forest reproductive material with adequate
morphological, physiological and health requirements.
2. Selection and enhancement of forest materials of
multiplication for purpose plantations
4) PRODUCTS AND SERVICES, ECONOMICS, MARKET,
COMPANY (transversal area)
Professional qualification and recognition
1. Criteria and paths to homogenize the different ones
systems of recognition of professionalism
active at regional level (licenses and registers).
2.Legal and fiscal definition of the company
Methods, parameters and indicators for evaluation
economic and environmental aspects of public interventions
1. Definition of shared guidelines for the
realization of price lists.
2. Estimate of lower incomes and higher costs
of the sustainable management of coppices with respect to
Qualification and quantification of products
woody from woods and plantations,
market improvement and monitoring of
1. Territorial feasibility study for the creation
of short supply chains of wood products deriving from
medium-long cycle forestry and arboriculture,
for industrial and / or energy uses.
2. New uses, products and processes
wood processing from forestry e
3. Implementation of market observatories of the
wood (poplar, work wood etc.) aimed at
greater transparency and better functioning
4. Establishment of regional databases e
interregional on forest companies and companies of
5. Classification, marking systems,
geographical traceability of timber with the use of
6. Definition of performance profiles for
Non-productive functions of ecosystems
Applied research on the economic evaluation of
environmental and social services provided by the forest to the
community with particular regard to: protection
waters and soils, protection of biodiversity, function
recreational. Definition of an evaluation method of the
economic value for some service groups.
Non-wood forest products (truffles, mushrooms,
cork, chestnuts, wildlife, essential oils,
Economic evaluation and sustainability of use
of the woods for non-woody productions
Responsible / sustainable use of products
1. Research aimed at identifying what are the points of
strengths and weaknesses of Green Public Procurement
and wood products certified in Italy.
2. Enhancement of local wood products
(e.g. oak, chestnut, black locust, larch) as a replacement
of tropical timber (especially if of doubtful
provenance) and high intensity materials
5) INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER COMPONENTS
OF THE ECOSYSTEM (transversal area)
Defense from biotic adversities 1. Adoption of a phytosanitary protocol for areas
homogeneous geographical areas (Alpine, Apennine,
Mediterranean) of control, struggle and monitoring of
major harmful biotic organisms, already present or
likely to be introduced (eg exotic species
invasive of Heterobasidion, Phytophtora ramorum).
2. Global warming: identification of scenarios
increase of harmful biotic organisms e
definition of damage containment strategies.
Sustainable management of fauna in relation to
forestry and wood arboriculture
1. Assessment of ecological and economic damage
from wild ungulates in the woods.
2. Silvicultural interventions aimed at improvement
of the habitat of alpine galliformes.
3. Evaluation of the sustainability of the breeding of
pets in the woods.
including citrus, strawberry, small fruits, dried fruit, chestnut and technological enhancement of fruit
The fruit sector is one of the most important sectors in terms of agri-food production
national. Although the sector has been affected, especially in recent years, by alternating situations
deep crisis affecting different levels of the supply chain, the total fruit area amounts to more than
439 thousand hectares, with a total production of approximately 7.2 million tons of product
marketed for a total value of more than 2.5 billion euros. (data referring to the year 2008). For grapes from
table production covers about 70 thousand hectares for a total of 1.3 million tons.
As for citrus fruits, the total area exceeds 170 thousand hectares and production exceeds 3.5
millions of tons for a total value of more than 1.2 billion euros.
Overall, around 25.4 million tons of fruit, citrus and grapes were produced in 2008
table covering an area greater than 680 thousand ha. The PLV of fruit products reaches in
2007 11.3 million euros, which represents 28% of the entire agricultural GOP.
For the chestnut there is a notable decrease in production, so much so that since 2003 there has been production
around 550,000 quintals, for a cultivated area of approximately 76,000 ha.
The strawberry covers an area of about 3600 ha, of which almost 80% in protected cultivation, with a production of
The small fruits (raspberry, currant, blackberry and blueberry) represent a
small, but important component, both for the share currently represented (about 500 ha of surface,
for a production of more than 30,000 quintals), and for development prospects.
In 2007, the average retail prices of fruit and vegetables grew by 4% over the year
previous fruit recorded an increase of as much as 9% while for vegetables it decreased slightly (-
0.9%). The comparison with 2000 shows an increase of 35% for fruit and 40% for fruit respectively
The negative trend in consumption and increasing foreign competition require interventions
innovative products aimed at relaunching the fruit sector from both the supply and demand sides.
On the supply side, we must first act on the front of reducing production costs
through the adoption of cultivation techniques with a lower intensity of production inputs. The major
orientation of production to the market can be facilitated with the development of appropriate techniques
for business organization as well as specific commercial and marketing techniques.
It is also important to support the varietal conversion for productions that are not suitable for
market needs and measures to combat plant diseases. The varietal reconversion is coat
particular importance in areas not characterized by the presence of a local genetic patrimony
which must be safeguarded and for which adequate campaigns must be launched
Again in order to facilitate the integration of the supply chain, it is appropriate to provide for the promotion of levels
efficiency of distribution and transport systems by acting on the optimization of logistics systems,
extremely important in the case of fruit, which involves the management of fresh products and their use
It is possible to intervene on the demand by developing food enhancement and promotion actions
consumption, which enhance the seasonality, safety and convenience of Italian goods and their effects
positive for the health of fruit consumption.
In relation to the above, the following objectives and related actions have been identified as priorities:
SHEET N ° 10 - FRUIT GROWING
including citrus, strawberry, small fruits, dried fruit, chestnut and technological enhancement of fruit
1) Increase in fruit quality (including
citrus, strawberry, small fruits, dried fruit,
1.1 Genetic improvement of varieties and of
rootstocks for increasing the overall quality and the
resistance to harmful animal and plant organisms,
also with biotechnological interventions. (p. e.
Assisted selection with genomic use, in
compliance with current legislation on health status,
through health and eventual checks
1.2 Completion of the activity relating to the lists of
varietal orientation of fruit trees (also species
minor and dried fruit) and rootstocks, through
greater cooperation with the productive world e
in compliance with current state legislation
1.3 Development of capable diagnostic protocols
to intercept pathogens quickly, easily and
2) Rationalization of defense methods in the orchard
2.1 Study and investigation of emerging infectious diseases
caused by phytoplasmas, viruses and bacteria and mass a
point of suitable means of prevention / fight at the level
2.2 Studies on the optimization and adaptation of
different technical lines and defense strategies, in harmony
with the evolution of cultivation scenarios, of
changes in climate and agro availability
drugs following the municipal review.
2.3 Study on the strengthening of preventive aspects
of an agronomic and cultural nature, to reduce
the incidence of phytosanitary problems (increase
biodiversity, rationalization of nutrition,
varieties resistant and / or tolerant to the main adversities,
2.2 Study on the validation of methods for
health checks and varietal correspondence
for the certification of nursery productions a
2.3 Development of product specifications
quality nurseries also for organic farming
3) Analysis of business organization systems
aimed at containing production costs.
3.1 Definition and analysis of the critical points of the costs of
production of fruit plants and phase management
post-harvest and conditioning in the different
national production areas
3.2 Studies to develop synergistic systems
productive fruit aimed at increasing the
diversification of the fruit company also
through transformation and direct sales e
analysis of the profitability of the necessary investments.
4) Enhancement of fruit production and
their food and nutritional characteristics.
4.1 Product and process innovations in the sector
of fresh consumption and processing
industrial, with particular reference to products
minimally processed (eg IV range)
4.2 Characterization of products, components of
nutritional and allergen interest in facilities
of plant tissues (genetic, qualitative,
ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE AGROBIODIVERSITY IN ITALY
The State-Regions Conference, on February 14, 2008, approved the National Biodiversity Plan of
Agricultural interest, published on the MiPAAF website and currently being implemented.
This Plan appears to be the first national biodiversity plan that has ever been approved in Italy and
it saw the competition of all the Regions and Autonomous Provinces through the Interregional Research Network
Agriculture, Forestry, Aquaculture and Fishing and the MiPAAF through the CRA.
The activity of the Plan began with the establishment of the Standing Committee on Genetic Resources
(appointed by MiPAAF on the designation of the Conference of Presidents of the Regions and Autonomous Provinces)
and has been in operation since March 24, 2009. The Committee has the task of collecting the research request
emerging from the territory and to convey it to the competent scientific institutions, to favor the exchange of
experiences and information for the application of current legislation, to ensure the development of
national and regional actions in line with the objectives of the National Biodiversity Plan, to concentrate the
questions and project proposals for intervention at local and national level on the subject, for information purposes,
proactive and, if possible, coordination of the actions to be carried out, favoring the transfer of
information to local operators. This is because coordination of
initiatives implemented by the various scientific subjects in order to avoid duplication of initiatives and the
waste of economic and human resources on local initiatives.
The aforementioned Committee is constituted as follows:
Blasi Giuseppe (MIPAAF) with coordination functions
Stefano Gomes (Ministry of the Environment and Protection of the Territory and the Sea)
Bianchi Alessandra Lazio Region
Cilardi Anna Maria Puglia Region
Soster Moreno Piedmont Region
Spartà Giuseppe Sicilian Region
Turchi Rita Tuscany Region
The highlights of the National Plan are:
the concept of agricultural biodiversity or agrobiodiversity
the definition of local breeds and varieties
the identification of a tool at national level such as the Registry of local breeds and varieties which,
similarly to what happens for regional repertories or registers, it must report the characterization
morphological and, where possible, also the genetic one of local plant varieties and animal breeds
autochthonous present on the Italian territory must also report their relationship with the territory
(historical-documentary research, interviews with local actors) aimed at demonstrating the real link with it
of local regional varieties, the Registry aims to create a correct information framework for
set up an equally correct protection of local varieties and breeds and of the actions to be taken ad
it is linked both nationally and regionally
the priorities for the proper protection of agrobiodiversity from which the related objectives derive from
achieve in the three-year period of implementation of the Plan, listed below (objectives already approved at the time of
Standing Committee on Genetic Resources):
o definition at national level of the minimum, common and shared operational tools for
research and identification of local varieties and breeds, their characterization, the definition of
risk of erosion / extinction and finally for their correct conservation "in situ", "on farm"
and "ex situ", through the following objectives:
the identification of common descriptors by species for the characterization of
plant varieties and local animal breeds-populations
the definition of a common and shared methodology for research and
characterization of local varieties and races-populations in order to allow
comparison of data and results, the common use of the terms and tools used a
the definition of guidelines for correct conservation "in situ", "on farm" ed
"Ex situ" of local plant varieties
the definition of guidelines for correct conservation "in situ", "on farm" ed
"Ex situ" of local animal breeds-populations
the definition of risk of extinction and genetic erosion, through thresholds or
criteria, for the main plant species of the agricultural sector
o carry out interregional projects, essentially aimed at applying the tools
operational defined, for the identification, characterization, evaluation and conservation
of local varieties and breeds
o the activation of the national registry of local varieties and breeds-populations and of the system
national protection and enhancement of biodiversity of agricultural interest also with projects
With regard to research and experimentation, the National Plan on Biodioversity of Agricultural Interest provides
Plant genetic resources
It is necessary to continue and implement the actions already in place in order to achieve the objective of
conservation, characterization, enhancement and documentation of the biodiversity of genetic resources
plants present, at different levels (private and public) also through a capillary survey on
territory, aimed at the targeted collection of existing plant material, through active involvement
of farmers by implementing the following actions:
renewal, where necessary, of the current collections of germplasm through
multiplication, re-collection or re-acquisition of material from other sources
maintenance of the biodiversity of the various species present
collection of genetic material and establishment of specific germplasm collections for
some species (such as bitter orange, sweet orange, lemon)
phenological, morpho-physiological, productive, sanitary etc. surveys on the collections and correlations between the
morphological and physiological characters.
The planned enhancement activity will focus on the following actions:
preparation of agronomic catalogs of applicative interest
start of 'regional' agronomic tests for the evaluation of the most interesting old cultivars
for a productive and amateur recovery.
For plant genetic resources, it is also necessary to review the conservation system for
local varieties, currently carried out mainly "ex situ", as there are
concretely, the impossibility of conserving a plant genetic resource only through
germplasm banks (CDB and FAO 2001 Treaty). It is therefore necessary to locate in the networks of
local community farmers, the main strength of genetic resource conservation. All
this must be supported by the experimentation and implementation of monitoring and observation methods
continuous activity within the various networks of farmers, carried out by the responsible scientific subjects
of germplasm banks.
It is also of fundamental importance that the scientific subjects operating in the field of resources
genetics, make their experience, their laboratories for characterization available to local authorities
genetic or molecular of local varieties, if necessary. This is particular
importance in consideration of the possibility of starting with the new programming, only some types
of interventions for which complementary and integrative actions are necessary.
Microbial genetic resources
The study of microbial diversity starting from nucleic acids directly extracted from the soil is carried out
using specific oligonucleotides for ribosomal RNA and / or for genes (DNA segments encoding
polypeptide (s) encoding specific metabolic functions, capable of detecting a certain group of
microorganisms as well as to describe the relationships between the various populations of microbial communities.
Animal genetic resources
A fundamental prerequisite for the conservation of the existing autochthonous genetic heritage is the
involvement of individual farmers in the recovery, conservation and defense of populations o
breeds at risk of disappearing. As previously indicated, only the coordination between the actions of
"in situ" and "ex situ" conservation (including cryopreservation techniques) is able to ensure the
objectives of safeguarding genetic resources. The conservation of genetic diversity will be achieved
through the implementation of the following lines of action:
identification, study and recovery of all races and indigenous populations, at risk of extinction,
present in marginal areas
studies of models of natural and ecological enhancement of otherwise intended farming areas
to abandonment (marginal mountain or sub-mountain land)
conservation, collection, documentation, characterization, evaluation and use activities
plant genetic resources necessary for the conservation of the aforementioned resources
studies of models of valorisation of the productions deriving from the aforementioned races and populations.
State of implementation of the National Plan on Agricultural Biodiversity (PNBA).
The Standing Committee on Genetic Resources has approved a plan to implement the PNBA, put a
point from the GC Animal and plant biodiversity of the Interregional Network for Agricultural, Forestry Research,
Aquaculture and Fisheries the project provides for the implementation of the PNBA in 3 phases:
o phase A) conducted at national level directly by MiPAAF with scientific subjects
through the tender procedure
o phase B) conducted at the regional level by each individual Region and P.A. on its territory
o phase C) activation of the national registry of local varieties and breeds-populations and
national system for the protection and enhancement of biodiversity of agricultural interest.
o the identification of common descriptors for the characterization of varieties and
o the definition of a common and shared methodology for the characterization of the varieties e
local races-populations in order to allow the comparison of data and results, common use
of the terms and tools used locally
o the definition of the guidelines for the correct conservation "in situ" and "ex situ" of the varieties
o the definition of the guidelines for the correct conservation "in situ" and "ex situ" of the populations
o the definition of the risk of extinction or genetic erosion, through thresholds or criteria, for the
main plant species in the agricultural sector.
o evaluation by the Regions and Public Administration, of the local varieties identified to date, for the purpose of
their common characterization and description
o evaluation by the Regions and P.A. of the "in situ" and "ex situ" conservation system
existing and identification of any corrections to be made or initiatives to be activated.
o description of regional animal breeds-populations (only for those for which it has not been
activated a herd book or a registry register)
o evaluation of the existing “in situ” and “ex situ” conservation system and identification of the
corrective measures to be made or initiatives to be activated.
o creation of the national registry of local varieties and breeds-populations
o activation of the national system for the protection of biodiversity of agricultural interest
o actions to enhance local varieties and breeds-populations of agricultural interest
The implementation of PHASE A of the PNBA implementation project has already begun with the establishment of a
Working group (GlBA) whose coordination has been entrusted to FAO in the person of Dr. Mario Marino.
The first results are expected for the month of April and will be evaluated by the Committee.
The objectives and actions identified by the Regions for research in the field of
SHEET N ° 11 - ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE AGROBIODIVERSITY IN ITALY
1. Improve knowledge of biodiversity
animal of zootechnical interest, in the different
regional and interregional territories.
1.1 investigation and inventory of genetic resources
animals of zootechnical interest still present on the
territory reared in situ (farms),
1.2 investigation and inventory of genetic resources
animals of zootechnical interest still present on the
territory reared in specific centers (ex situ) o
stored in germplasm banks
1.3 identification of the link between genetic resources
of zootechnical interest and its territory of origin
2. To characterize the genetic resources of interest
2.1 identification of shared description criteria e
characterization for morphological-phenotypic aspects
2.2 definition of genetic typing criteria
of races and populations and development of new ones
effective and economically sustainable techniques for
genetic typing through molecular analysis
3. Identify the necessary strategies
storage. 3.2 definition and development of guidelines e
operational protocols for in situ conservation, ex
situ, suitable for different races or populations
considered (sheep, cattle, poultry, etc.)
3.3 in situ and on farm conservation: organization
networks of “custodian” breeders and production chains
environmentally and economically sustainable
3.5 germplasm conservation techniques
animal (cryobanks) and links between the different ones
institutions involved on the national territory
3.6 joint planning of the two previous ones
conservation systems through the creation of
national conservation networks: involvement
farmers, local and other institutions
4. Enhance the indigenous livestock heritage. 4.1 evaluation of the rational use of races
autochthonous according to the program
4.2 identification of biomarkers for
characterization of products derived from races
autochthonous (milk, wool, meat) for traceability purposes
4.3 characterization of product quality e
promotion of the same in harmony with the territory of
1. Identification of a common methodology that
allow comparison of data and results of
characterization and conservation of varieties
local, including the use of terms (e.g. variety
local and conservation variety, farmer
custodian, etc.) and the tools used
1.1 - Definition of local variety: characteristics
distinctive from standard varieties.
1.2 - Definition of "risk of extinction" by species
and for the most common cultivated plants of the main ones
agricultural varieties: identification of parameters of
1.3 - Definition of a common method for
the identification and characterization of varieties
1.4 - Definitions of reference quality standards
for local varieties and theirs
1.5 - Identification of common descriptors for
local varieties, either for herbaceous or from
"conservation" (Dir. 98/95 / CE, Dir. 2002/53 / CE e
Dir. 2002/57 / EC), both for interest-bearing and for
main ornamental and flowering.
1.6 - Varieties for conservation: identification of
"Adequate quantitative restrictions" (Directive
2002/53 / EC Art. N ° 20 paragraph 2, letter b) in the light
also of the new community regulations.
Observations: we would consider it useful to unify points 1.1,
1.2, 1.4, and point 1.3 with 1.5. We believe it is useful
keep point 1.6, as a research activity.
2. Characterization and evaluation of
2.2 - Definition of guidelines for the
characterization of the main local varieties: a)
morphological characterization (through the use
of the common descriptors identified in the previous point
1.4) b) agronomic, cultural characterization,
historical, etc. c) organoleptic characterization
(panel test of the main species).
2.1 - Study on the use and effects of
genetic or molecular characterization of varieties
local, for the purpose of biodiversity conservation e
their enhancement and possible identification
the most appropriate techniques and methods.
2.3 - Development of a method for
monitoring of local varieties at risk of
extinction, for the purpose of periodic assessment of the
3. Conservation "In situ" conservation:
3.1 - definition of management protocols for the
"in situ" conservation of the main local varieties.
Point 3.1 may already include farmers
keepers, and in any case what included the
point 3.2 cannot be defined as one's own activity
3.3 - definition of management protocols for
germplasm banks and the definition of a network
of "ex situ" conservation of the main varieties
4. Enhancement Definition of qualitative parameters (organoleptic,
nutritional, etc.) of products of local varieties
4.1 - Definition of criteria for maintenance o
reintroduction of local varieties on the territory a
4.3 - Study for the economic enhancement of
local varieties both for the products as they are and
processed, both for seeds.
The commercial aspect can already be included in the
point 4.3 (if deemed appropriate)
General framework of the sector
Organic farming with its mandatory cultivation practices that bind the implementation of crops
so-called "exploiters" to others that reintegrate the fertility of the soil, is in fact the first agricultural activity that
can boast the adjective "sustainable".
More than 40% of the national organic agricultural area is destined for forage crops, pastures and meadows
pastures that feed a large number of livestock farms.
The commitments of organic agricultural areas reached one million hectares in 2008, equal to 8.9% of the
UAA national and the second extension at European level after Spain.
The value at the Italian level is given by the sum of the regional situations to be ascribed in turn
to the progress of the contributions provided for by the different Regional Development Plans, not being able to
market to offset the higher costs of organic farming techniques.
The average consistency of organic farms is significantly higher than the conventional one and the lowest
average age of the owners of the same highlight the potential that the sector has to resist over time
even with low contributions, producing for a market that increasingly requires such productions.
The market for organic products, still recognized by some as a niche, is very young, the Regulation
CEE is from 1991, and was characterized by a substantial supply of the almost productive sector
completely aimed at exports which, only in recent years, has seen the interest of the national market and
more concretely than G.D.O. and in part of the specialized retail.
The demand for organic products, even in recent years of crisis, is constantly growing both in the market
national and international.
A growing interest on the part of the consumer, which is expressed in his direct involvement in
short supply chain, allows a future for small organic farms near urban centers.
The quantity of national organic productions, certified by an efficient network of Control Bodies,
it is not enough to supply the organic product demands for the processors, which it comes with
increasing quantities now from all over the world (China, Argentina, New Zealand, etc.).
This trend has led to the lowering of consumer prices of some organic products easily
storable, with greater difficulties for Italian companies operating in the same production area (cereals and
transformed) and with the need to differentiate their productions by drawing on the cultural heritage e
Recent dynamics and current trends
The recent European legislation tending to greater restrictions in the phytosanitary and environmental impact sector
place organic farming as a pioneer and testing ground for achieving greater sustainability
of all national agriculture.
In this perspective, also considering the new European and national regulatory framework, it appears fundamental
direct research towards development strategies that involve the technical, economic, territorial and
It is considered appropriate that the research orientation should be distinguished between livestock production and
vegetable productions. For the former, it is planned to deepen the aspects related to the protection of the
Biodoversity, to the optimization of the agronomic management of the surfaces according to the farms
zootechnics, therapeutic health practices and prophylaxis. For the latter it is considered indispensable
move decisively towards strategic forms of phytosanitary defense in harmony with the environment,
identify more specific varieties that can give satisfactory results in organic farming, continue
and deepen studies for the evaluation of crop systems in relation to agronomic sustainability ed
SHEET N ° 12 - ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
1) Deepening of the genetic aspects e
1.1 Identification of new criteria for the selection of
1.2 Evaluation of the impact of GMOs e
coexistence with organic farming.
2) Optimization of agronomic management
of the surfaces according to the company
2.1 Supply of energy food e
proteins (GMO free, concentrates and fodder ratio)
also evaluating the economic aspects
3) Orientation to health practices
(prophylactic and therapeutic)
3.1 Preparation of lists of active ingredients
3.2 Development of health protocols.
1) Optimization of health defense 1.1 Reduction of copper dosages and alternatives ad
it for the control of different plant diseases e
1.2 Experimentation and research to support the
development and registration of some products of
1.2.1 For fruit growing alternatives to copper
1.2.2 Use of predatory insects for horticulture
and study of the predatory parasite balance
1.2.3 For viticulture the fight against late blight,
1.2.4 For olive growing, fight against the olive fly
1.2.5 For citrus cultivation, fight against scale insects,
2) Identification of the most suitable varieties 2.1 Carrying out variety tests to evaluate
the adaptability of established varieties and
new varieties suitable for running with
biological methods and to define lists of
3) Improvement of soil management 3.1 Deepening of knowledge on
soil fertility (cycles of organic matter,
equilibrium of microorganisms) as a function of the different ones
soil management practices (grassing, green manure,
weed control, nutrient dynamics e
development of effective technical lines of
nutrition) in areas with characteristics
3.1 Evaluation of crop systems in operation
of agronomic and economic sustainability.
The main cereals grown in Italy are maize, rice, durum wheat, soft wheat and barley.
Altogether they represent an area of 3.9 million hectares (ISTAT 2007), i.e. over 60%
of the total arable land in Italy, with a balanced relative distribution in the three major divisions
territorial (North, Center and South), confirming the fundamental role of monitoring the territory. With a PLV
equal to 4,250 million euros (source ISTAT 2007), cereals are the basis of our food supply chains most
qualified and consistent from an economic point of view. Products derived from cereals form the basis of
so-called "Mediterranean diet", much appreciated internationally, and contribute in a way
decisive for the image of made in Italy all over the world.
It is a complex production system that generally suffers from a rather weak structure.
This condition, in an increasingly international market, whose fluctuations are less and less
controllable with Community and / or national support policies, it is causing a loss of competitiveness
alarming, given the low profitability margins of cereal companies in 2008 and, above all, 2009.
A summary analysis for each species is provided below:
CORN: Italy is the first user and second producer of European corn, with over 1.260 million
hectares (source INEA 2008) and 9.5 million tons of grain destined for more than 90% to
zootechnical production in 2009 there was a further contraction of the surfaces
by more than 20%. The cultivation of corn develops mainly in the regions of the Po valley
(about 89% of the surfaces and 91.2% of production), in which it reaches levels of specialization
very high: unit yields in the most favorable environments are among the highest and most competitive at the level
international. The production of maize has supported the development of one in this same basin
highly productive animal husbandry. The profitability of the crop is affected by growing competition a
international level represented by countries such as Hungary (31% in 2007), Romania and the
Brazil, whose production costs are significantly lower than ours and from a fall in prices to
international level for a substantial increase in supply.
Maidiculture presents a significant critical picture, the most current of which are to be traced back
to agronomic-productive elements (stabilization of yields, redefinition of irrigation techniques,
high production costs, etc.) and increasing health and agro-environmental constraints
(application of the "Nitrates Directive", fight against rootworm, European regulation on
presence of contaminants such as eg. mycotoxins).
DURUM WHEAT: Italy is the first European producer of durum wheat and the second in terms of level
world. The hectares invested in 2008 were approximately 1.58 million with approximately 5.1 million
tons produced and an average annual value of production at current prices of almost 1.5 million
euro, equal to 25.5% of the cereal sector. Production is mainly concentrated in the South
Italy, to a lesser extent in the Center (over 28% of production on 22% of surfaces) e
in any case in highly vocational production districts. There has been a recovery in recent years
of production also in Northern Italy. The production of durum wheat is destined
to human nutrition, in particular to pasta. Also for this cereal there is a
supply problem: over 2 million tons must be annually
imported from abroad to meet the needs of transformers. The durum wheat supply chain is
characterized by some weaknesses such as productive pulverization, decreased attention
to the quality in the cultivation phases due to the contraction of profitability, the low level
organizational concentration in the offer, the lack of homogeneity of the stored product and a
poor match differentiation.
SOFT WHEAT: in 2008 the soft wheat surfaces amounted to just under 700,000
ha with a production of approximately 3.7 million tons. This crop, like barley, is
benefited from the application of decoupling, which favored a stabilization or a
slight increase in the surfaces invested. The cultivation of soft wheat is widespread
essentially in the North (66% of the surfaces and 73% of the product), in Emilia Romagna in particular,
and to a lesser extent in Central Italy (26% of the surfaces and 22% of the product). Procurement
national is heavily in deficit: we import 60% of the common wheat used by the industry of
transformation. The import is largely of Community origin, especially for the quality
higher. The main destination of this cereal is for human consumption, in
particularly for bread making (66.8%) and confectionery products (12.4%). One part (16.3%) has
feed destination. For this crop some structural nodes strongly penalize the
national production: undifferentiated supply (for the different qualitative profiles), poor organization
of the supply chain, good levels of production specialization only in a few areas, genetic improvement
BARLEY: the area invested in this cereal in 2008 was around 325,000 ha and confirmed
a certain stability following the entry into force of decoupling. In particular, in the regions
southern Italy, has conquered part of the spaces freed from durum wheat thanks to the lower costs of
production and the characteristics of rusticity and ability to adapt to marginal environments
higher than those of common wheat and corn. Unlike other cereals, the crop is distributed in
the whole peninsula with a prevalence of surfaces in Southern Italy. The Italian barley production is
equal to about 1.2 million tons produced for 45% in the North (which boasts almost unitary yields
double compared to midday) over 50% of the barley used in Italy is of foreign origin, in
prevalence from Eastern Europe. The main destination (86%) is food
animal, followed by industrial uses (malt production).
RICE: Italy is the main rice producing country in the European Community, with an area
cultivated of 224 thousand ha in 2008 (Source INEA) and a production of 1,460,000 tons of paddy,
equal to over 50% of Community production. The production of paddy is concentrated in maximum
part in two regions (Lombardy and Piedmont) and the production of seed rice sees Sardinia
as the protagonist. The value of production which is around 450 million euros: in terms
economic, rice represents 9% of the value of Italian cereal production. The enlargement
to the new 10 countries caused a change in the relationship between supply and demand: also in
2008/2009 there was an increase in sales.
Despite the different specificities, for all cereals it becomes essential to consolidate the level of
national procurement so as not to further affect the already heavy deficit of the sector
Italian agri-food industry, to favor the important reference agri-food chains and to maintain that
garrison of the territory that cereal cultivation has always guaranteed The goal must be pursued in one
unfavorable economic scenario (fall in prices, increase in the cost of some technical means,
enlargement of the European Union to cereal producing countries, etc.) and taking into account a weakness
structure of the cereal sector (disaggregated and poorly organized supply to form homogeneous products and
differentiated according to the requests for transformation, lack of adequate reference standard contracts
to new needs, lack of supply chain integration, etc.).
In this context, research and innovation contribute to:
improve the production and economic efficiency of cereal crops in compliance with the
"Conditionality" imposed on modern agricultural systems (eg conservation and protection of non-resources
renewables, pathogen management with environmentally friendly strategies, etc.)
favor the differentiation of the type of product on the basis of the requests for transformation into
terms of intrinsic characteristics and of "process" (quality of use, consumer preferences) or of
compliance with an increasingly stringent regulation on food safety (eg.
European limits for mycotoxins and other contaminants)
support, in the technological aspects, the process of reorganization and integration of the various
improve the economic and environmental sustainability of crop systems characterized by the presence of
SHEET N ° 13 - CEREALICULTURE
1. Identification and development of efficient systems
cereal crops to improve sustainability
economic, energy and environmental and the
compliance of production with quality requirements e
1.1 Genetic improvement "in loco" (with methods
traditional and derived from applications of the
genomics) for the establishment of varieties:
Adaptable to different cultivation systems and environments of
cultivation (intensive agriculture, low
With resistance to adversity and climatic stress
(pathogens, parasites and extreme cultivation environments
With qualitative characteristics corresponding to
needs of the different processing chains e
consumption (protein content, typical productions,
1.2 Development of suitable evaluation systems
of the differential behavior of manifolds in
function of the environment, of the cultivation system e
1.3 Identification of new and new technologies
decision support for integrated production systems
(business and production areas) that favor:
Conservation and protection of the soil resource
Conservation and protection of water resources
Environmentally and economically efficient use of
production factors (tillage,
fertilizations, phytosanitary aids, etc.) with
particularly with regard to those coming from resources
Management of pathogenic and parasitic populations
through environmentally friendly strategies too
with the use of forecasting models
1.4 Identification / comparison of cultural routes
characterized by different levels of intensification
cultivation and / or the introduction of alternative crops
to traditional cereal systems
2. Improvement of quality and safety
use of cereal production to respond
to consumer needs, increase the
collocability of matches and create new outlets for
2.1 Identification of new qualitative parameters and / or
clarification of those already used for the
classification of batches of cereals (including
2.2 Development of rapid methods
execution for the qualitative characterization of
2.3 Development of procedures for characterization,
the formation and maintenance of batches / batches
homogeneous and for process and certification certification
product (traceability, rationalization of systems
2.4 Identification of new products, new processes
production and new uses
2.5 Identification and characterization of
functional components of cereals and their contribution
2.6 Identification / clarification of relative parameters
the health and hygiene characteristics of the matches
2.7 Development and / or specification of models
forecasting and monitoring of yields and
qualitative aspects (including contaminants).
2.8 Development of survey methods and criteria
standards of evaluation of the efficiency of the centers
3. Rationalization of the use of irrigation water Development of irrigation systems that allow
the optimization of efficiency and the reduction of
3. Rationalization of the use of irrigation water Development of irrigation systems that allow
the optimization of efficiency and the reduction of
As a result of the obvious changes in the state of the environment, the most recent agricultural policy guidelines
are giving increasing importance to the integration of environmental issues in the legislation that
regulates the CAP and the development of cultivation practices that allow to conserve the environment e
safeguard the landscape.
In fact, there are numerous environmental problems considered to be a priority at the Community level
(http://www.eea.europa.eu/it/themes), including climate change
global, water and soil pollution, the effects resulting from the loss of biodiversity, reduction
of water availability, the protection of human health dependent on environmental quality.
At the same time over the past few years the agricultural world as a whole, as part of the challenge
connected to the globalization of the world market, it has to manage a phase of adaptation to
development policies of the sector and finds itself in the need to have strategies to support not only the
aspects related to the different production processes, but also innovative solutions to diversify the range of
activities that can be conducted on the territory.
The belief that the agricultural and agro-forestry company will in fact be able to exit from is increasingly affirmed
situation of economic crisis that the agricultural sector is going through not only aiming at quality
production, but playing an increasingly active role in safeguarding the territory, in rebalancing
environmental restoration and protection of biodiversity, landscape protection, defense
hydrogeological, in the recreational offer, in the production of raw materials that can also be used for the production of
energy and the creation of innovative products, such as biolubricants, fibers and natural dyes,
biopolymers, etc.) and, last but not least, in the enhancement of our cultural traditions and knowledge related to
In this sense, the multifunctional role of agro-forestry companies, such as
organizational model to create a profitable synergy between production and management potentialities e
maintenance of the territory, which could allow an enhancement of the environmental and cultural context
and guarantee the agricultural company an alternative possibility of staying in the productive context.
The 2007-2013 Rural Development Plans of the various regions highlight in this regard, as well as the
the need for companies to consolidate them in relation to agricultural markets, favoring the
technological and land investments, also the need for an adjustment aimed at carrying out others
important functions and activities, which can allow companies to increase the income produced and
increase their connection with the territory. Parallel to the specific objectives relating to the
improvement of the competitiveness of the agricultural and forestry sector, to be achieved through modernization
and business innovation, the RDPs provide for a series of measures aimed at the sustainable use of
rural and forest areas, in particular for the conservation of biodiversity and its functional role, the
qualitative and quantitative protection of surface and deep water resources, the reduction of greenhouse gases, the
conservation and improvement of the landscape, the containment of erosion and the maintenance of
organic matter of soils.
Therefore, the role of research in providing strategies and answers to be proposed to the sector becomes fundamental
agricultural and agro-forestry, which is currently facing a rather critical situation e
complex, which will undoubtedly lead to a profound change in the role of the non-agricultural company
only in the rural and economic context, but within the entire socio-cultural landscape.
In relation to these assumptions, within the specific 'Agriculture and Environment' group, it appears appropriate
orient the objectives of agricultural research for the three-year period 2010-2012 to the sustainable management of resources
and the definition of organizational models aimed at consolidating the multifunctional role
of the farm, as part of an integrated development of the economy of rural areas.
The protection of water resources, the maintenance of soil fertility, the prevention of hydrogeological instability,
the protection of the pastoral agricultural and agro-forestry landscape, the conservation of biodiversity and of
its functional role, the maintenance of the functionality of agricultural and forest ecosystems, the adoption of
agro-forestry practices that limit the impact on the biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nitrogen, the use
agronomics of agricultural wastewater represent the topics of greatest interest for the Italian regions, in order
to support the adaptation process that the agricultural world is called to make, to make
compatible agricultural activity with environmental protection and health.
The recognition of the projects and study activities conducted by the scientific world show that the research
agronomica has shifted the focus from the productive result of the crops, which also remains a
essential economic objective, to the evaluation of the sustainability of crop systems, both in terms
environmental and in terms of global quality of production and of the territory. The assessment of sustainability
environmental management of business systems in organic and integrated agriculture, landscape analysis of models
production, the qualitative characterization of productions, the guarantee of food safety, protection
of waters from the risk of pollution by nitrates of agricultural origin, the study of cultivation techniques that
allow to safeguard the fertility of the agricultural soil and the protection of the forest one, the
experimentation of new production chains, the simulation of the effects of cultivation practices and the possible
evolution over time of the agricultural and natural landscape in different scenarios of climate change, the
dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in agro-forest ecosystems undoubtedly represent themes of
The importance of making information available relating to the large macro areas of sustainability
environmental protection, the protection of natural resources, the multifunctionality of the farm, poses
the need to make a coordinated effort to achieve a more effective transfer action in order to
allow the technical and production world better access to research results.
The form prepared by the “Agriculture and Environment” competence group has identified a series of actions and
of cognitive insights on aspects related to the interactions between agricultural activity and the environment of
fundamental importance, to be implemented according to different scale dimensions (company, territory, region,
agricultural and forestry system), which were primarily aggregated in relation to four macro-objectives:
sustainable management of resources and innovative systems for assessing functionality
sustainable management of agricultural and agro-forestry companies
socio-economic sustainability of agricultural and forestry activities
social sustainability of agricultural and agro-forestry activities
As regards the specific contents of the single actions, the proposed research activities focus on the
need and the priority of an in-depth study of some relevant issues, explained below, that they find
correspondence in the form through a series of keywords, highlighted in italics:
Agriculture and landscape: application of agricultural and forestry techniques compatible with landscape protection
rural areas and the prevention of hydrological instability, use of innovative assessment systems
integrated ecological interactions between agricultural ecosystems and natural ecosystems
Maintenance and restoration of soil fertility: identification of strategies for soil protection
from erosion, the maintenance of organic matter and structure in the soil
Climate change: diffusion of cultivation practices suitable for limiting greenhouse gas emissions e
the increase in the accumulation of carbon in soils assessment of the effects of climate change on
quality and quantity of agricultural production adoption of silvicultural practices aimed at the conservation of
"stocks" of carbon stored in biomass and forest soil
Quantitative protection of water resources: improvement of the state of irrigation infrastructures e
promotion of more efficient irrigation management and distribution techniques, in order to contain
volumes of water used for irrigation
Qualitative protection of water resources: application of strategies for the correct application of the Directive
Nitrates and other regulations on eco-conditionality
Agriculture and wholesomeness of production: diffusion of cultivation practices that minimize the negative impact
on the environment and on the production of fertilizers and pesticides
Agriculture and biodiversity: interventions for the conservation of biological diversity in agricultural ecosystems,
peri-agricultural and marginal areas, with evaluation of the effects on ecosystem functionality
Energy production: analysis of the production potential of environmentally friendly energy sources
Constructed wetlands and reuse: development of methodologies for the use of wastewater and agro-industrial by-products
Multifunctional role of the farm of the agro-forestry company and rural areas: development of
an integrated economy based on sustainable and multifunctional models
Evaluation of ecosystem services and the benefits of biodiversity in socio-economic terms e
SHEET N ° 14 - AGRICULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT
1) Sustainable management of resources: water, soil,
bio-resources, territory, energy.
1.1 Comparative studies on agricultural systems
conventional, integrated and organic to identify
updated ecosystem management models.
1.2 Studies on the vulnerability of the territory e
definition of techniques for the prevention of
hydro-geological instability through models d
hydraulic-agricultural and forestry arrangements, of
naturalistic engineering and agricultural management e
1.3 Studies on the relationship between agriculture and the protection of
waters in order to identify effective strategies, systems,
methods for: a) improving the efficiency of water use
for agricultural purposes, also providing for the reuse of
zootechnical and agri-food industry waste, and
unconventional waters (quantitative protection of
water resource) b) verify the dynamics of
pollutants of agricultural origin on surface waters
and deep (qualitative protection.
1.4 Development of management guidelines
of agricultural activity in vulnerable areas, (application
nitrates directive, cross-compliance, etc.).
1.5 Definition of guidelines for maintenance
and / or restoration of soil fertility, in particular
those most degraded or abandoned by agricultural activity,
for the conservation of biological diversity and for
the correct management of plant coverings for this purpose
protective, ornamental, recreational and sporting
in view of the multifunctional role of the territory
1.6 Definition and application of tools and models
based on innovative technologies (Wireless sensor
network, remote sensing, photo interpretation
aerial, GIS, thematic cartography, agriculture of
precision) for the management of the agroforestry ecosystem,
the identification and zoning of areas
with different pedo-climatic characteristics, different
intended use and degree of vulnerability
environmental and the development of thematic maps and
interpretative models of interactions
1.7 Regional study of the most serious types
of tampering with the landscape and definition of
rural landscape restoration tools and models
1.8 Evaluation of ecological interactions between
agricultural, peri-agricultural and natural ecosystems through
study of bioindicators of environmental health
(host-parasite interaction) and the node effect of
attraction / avoidance-barrier / corridor with respect to
animal communities (functionality of interactions
1.9 Development of innovative techniques for
management of degraded agricultural and forest areas a
following inadequate technical choices, heavy load of
livestock, neglect and fire damage.
1.10 Studies aimed at the restoration and maintenance of
1.11 Experimentation of constructed wetlands systems
in plain environments through the construction of
multifunctional forest strips and buffer zones
(widespread phytoremediation) or of artificial wetlands
(localized phytoremediation), with dual function
(water purification and increase of
biodiversity), and systems that integrate the two
constructed wetlands models.
1.12 Design and technical evaluation96 /
economic of initiatives aimed at maintaining o
restore a conservative use (mowing, grazing,
ec.) of semi-natural arid meadows in environments
agroforestry hills, in order to protect the
1.13 Technical-economic and environmental analysis
relating to different types of arboriculture plants
production, aimed at increasing the
sustainability of the agricultural enterprise and the protection of
1.14 Evaluation of the influence of the introduction of
forest systems within the agricultural system
(newly planted woods and groves, arboretums from
wood, hedges with various functions) on the increase of
biodiversity and business economics.
1.15 Development of cultivation techniques e
silvicultural for the containment of emissions of
greenhouse gases and the accumulation of carbon in agricultural soils e
1.16 Study of the effects of the increase in
temperature on agriculture and in particular on
quantity and quality of agricultural production, in
in relation to different CO2 emission scenarios.
1.17 Genetic biodiversity and bio-molecular tools
advanced functionality and integrity assessment
2) Sustainable management of agricultural and agroforestry companies
2.1 Development of innovative production technologies
based on the use of agricultural waste,
agro-industrial, industrial, urban, for the
improvement of soil fertility, oculata
water resource management and allow to obtain
products with high added value, thanks to a
effective industrial enhancement
2.2 Studies for the characterization of materials
exit from anaerobic biodigesters.
2.3 Studies for the realization of pilot farms (
village-oasis) based on sustainable production models
and multifunctional (diversification of products and
2.4 Development of techniques for the recycling of
plastic materials used in areas with
2.5 Integrated analysis of the energy systems of
agricultural and agro-forestry companies: consumption e
production potential from energy sources
environmentally friendly (biogas, biomass, etc.).
2.6 Technical-economic analysis of new models
agroforestry (Silvoarable) and their development in
3) Socio-economic sustainability of agricultural activity 3.1 Study of sensitive areas (identified by
Regions) for the definition of parameters for the
programming of operational interventions on the subject
agro-environmental that allow the certification of
system, process, and product and enhance the
economic value of the agricultural production sector e
3.2 Development of suitable verification systems
technical-economic of the production "protocols" adopted,
defined in accordance with European legislation e
national in agro-environmental matters.
3.3 Definition of analysis tools and
forecast for the assessment of changes in
agricultural, agro-industrial and agri-food system
due to the application of sector regulations, to the
agri-environmental policy interventions, to agreements
commercial and international conventions.
3.4 Definition of management models for the
maintenance and development of the role
multifunctional of a territory, in the framework of
integrated development of the economy of rural areas.
3.5 Evaluation of ecosystem services and of
benefits of biodiversity.
4) Social sustainability of agricultural activity 4.1 Study of the health and hygiene aspects related to
consumption of agricultural products as they are and / or after i
processes of transformation, conservation e
marketing in different production models.
4.2 Study of the impact on the agricultural system (also
economic), on the environment and on the health of
agricultural operators of pesticides, fertilizers, drugs
4.3 Identification and verification of levels of
compatibility of the use of livestock waste e
by-products of the agro-food industry.
4.4 Use of IT systems for monitoring