Unforgivable mistakes that summer residents make while using biological products


Biologics are used instead of chemistry, but not all summer residents follow the instructions, so they often make unforgivable mistakes. As a result, the benefits of the applied insecticides and fungicides become minimal, and in some cases, their improper use causes irreparable harm to plants.

Store diluted solutions

All biological products are diluted with water before use. After use, the remaining solution must be disposed of. But very often summer residents feel sorry for throwing away the resulting mixture, and they store it until the next processing.

This is a big mistake, since after some time the solution loses its properties and becomes useless.

Do not shake the bottle

Insecticides and fungicides are based on spores, pathogens and fungi that can precipitate. Therefore, you need to carefully read the instructions before use, since any biological product must be shaken to obtain a uniform consistency. Only then can it be used. If you neglect this rule, then all the active substances will remain in the sediment, and there will be no benefit from spraying.

Mix different drugs

Manufacturers always specify on the packaging the compatibility of the biological product with other insecticides and fungicides, as well as the algorithm for its use. This is done because some spores and bacteria are not able to get along with each other.Some summer residents do not pay attention to this and mix drugs with the hope of getting the best effect. But this will only harm and may lead to a deterioration in the quality of the expected harvest.

Do not filter before spraying

The main component of most biological substances used for plants is fungal spores. When in contact with water, they swell to a huge size, so they can clog the sprayer.

In order not to reduce the life of the spray bottle, it is necessary to strain the drug before use.

Do not take into account the terms of use

Many summer residents believe that the use of insecticides and fungicides always brings exceptional benefits to plants. That is why they use them without adhering to the established deadlines. It should be remembered that biological products have a cumulative property. For this reason, it is recommended to apply them two weeks after transplanting plants into open or closed ground with an interval of 14 days. Only in this case, you can be sure that the use of the drug will give a positive result, and not become a waste of money.


What not to do with biologics: 9 mistakes when using

If the grower is disappointed with the results of biological treatments, then he will most likely blame the manufacturers or sellers. An ineffective product or a fake was slipped - these are the two main versions that are put forward in case of unsuccessful use. Sometimes disappointment is transferred to the entire biological defense as a whole: they say, chemistry, of course, is more harmful, but once poured and forgot.

But is this really so and how not to waste money by using modern biological preparations in your garden? Let's take a closer look at the problems that arise due to a lack of understanding of the features of the use of microbiological drugs, and name the 9 main mistakes when using them.


How to use biological products correctly?


Benefits of microbiological fertilizers

Organic gardening and natural farming have become more and more popular in recent years. An alternative to traditional agricultural technology and standard "chemistry" allows not only to obtain environmentally friendly crops, but also contributes to the restoration of soil, natural resources and biological environment. This approach applies to all aspects of soil cultivation and plant care, including feeding.

It is with top dressing that the main risk of traditional farming methods is associated. Chemical fertilizers enter the soil, the benefits of which are very controversial and controversial. With seeming efficiency and visible effect, they lead to the accumulation of nitrates and toxins, and together with a bountiful harvest we get very unsafe vegetables, fruits, berries and herbs.

Fortunately, today summer residents and flower growers have an alternative. Safe microbiological fertilizers - preparations that effectively fulfill the task of providing plants with all the necessary nutrients, but using natural mechanisms to increase soil fertility... They are effective not only as fertilizers. Due to the vital activity of living bacteria and microorganisms in them, plants gain access not only to individual macro- and microelements. By saturating the soil with biologically active substances, microbiological preparations provide plants with all the elements necessary for their growth and vital activity, which simply cannot be recreated artificially.

Microbiological preparations are characterized by:

  • environmental Safety
  • absolute harmlessness for the future harvest - the ability to grow organic vegetables, berries and fruits
  • high efficiency (biological products show their effect on soils in a very different state, regardless of their composition, characteristics of use, are suitable for all types of plants)
  • ease of use.

At the same time solving the problem of high-quality feeding and soil restoration, biological products propose to change the very approach to feeding... Instead of simply providing plants with nutrients, they protect plants, improve and qualitatively change soils, ensuring the restoration of natural fertility and biological environment.

Germinating seeds using microbiological fertilizers


Useful properties of sludge

People living on the banks of rivers and lakes often use sapropel as a fertilizer. This substance is similar in consistency and color to mud diluted with water, but consists of organic residues that rotted at the bottom of the reservoir without oxygen access.

In terms of its effectiveness, it is anaerobic compost, in which many more beneficial nutrients are stored. Microorganisms that decompose organic matter are able to work for some time in the soil, or rather in its lower layer.

The silt is practically waterproof and has a high absorbency. Once in the ground, it retains moisture and plants can do without watering for a long time.

Like any organic matter, sapropel fertilizer is a substance that decomposes in the soil for a long time and provides food for plants and soil microorganisms. Gradually, part of it turns into humus, and this indicates the fertility of the soil.

Sapropel is especially useful in sandy areas - it does not allow the soil to dry out and crops receive regular nutrition in the form of the main components - nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, as well as a complex of trace elements.

Some types of bacteria are needed to transform them into a digestible form. Only after the passage of organics through the digestive tract of microorganisms, nutrients become available to the root system.

On clay soils, sapropel is rarely used and in small quantities. The fact is that clay is already poorly permeable to water. If you add a viscous mass to it, you can get a completely different result than expected.

The amount of carbonate substances makes it possible to alkalinize acidified soils without the use of lime, the excess of which threatens to disturb the soil pH balance. After that, plants will not be able to assimilate phosphorus, which requires a slightly acidic environment to break down.

The composition contains enzymes that improve the metabolism in plants and promote their growth through the absorption of nutrients. Bactericidal substances rid the soil of fungal infections and parasites.

Composition, comparison with other organic fertilizers

What is sapropel in terms of chemical composition and where is it mined to best meet the needs of crops.

Compared to other organic fertilizer - manure - the composition of sapropel is much richer:

Sapropel contains slightly less potassium than manure, so potash fertilizers must be applied along with the sludge to meet the needs of crops.

If we compare sapropel with humus, then the difference will be even more noticeable, because the amount of nutrients in rotted manure is reduced by 75% compared to fresh.

Weed seeds are often found in manure, therefore, when fertilizing the garden with it, the soil begins to overgrow. There is no vegetation in the bottom sediments, so there is no need to deal with the grass.

Where is it mined

River and lake sapropel - what is it and what are the differences? It is better to use a lake one, since there is no current in stagnant water bodies and more useful substance accumulates, its quality is higher. Slightly worse - swamp, even worse - river. It is more difficult to extract sapropel from the river, since it accumulates in those places where the current slows down - bends and deltas.

There is more organic matter in the lake silt, so such organic matter will act for at least 10 years. For comparison, manure works for 3 - 5 years.

Interesting! The largest amount of bottom sediments was found at the bottom of the Mariana Trench. There, at a depth of about 11 km, scientists discovered a sea cucumber that feeds on organic debris. Silt has accumulated there for millions of years

In color, the substance can be gray, olive, reddish or brown. Pink silica sapropel is not used as a fertilizer in the garden, as it contains a large amount of silicon oxide.

Video: The age-old elixir of fertility - sapropel


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Message from Lazy » 19.05.2020, 18:50

Timofey, have you tried Coca-Cola by the colors of thrips? It's just such a thing, we need to know for sure. Soon we are waiting for our dear friend as the gardens will fade. Last year, at the suggestion of Roman, we sprinkled phytoverm over the flowers and covered them with spunbond. And it works 100%. This year, everything is already with gloves and masks.

Eh, I bought strawberries for children 2 times. The first tastes like a dandelion chewed, and the second crunches. I grow it myself, the work is hard and troublesome.

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Message from Roman S. » 20.05.2020, 07:22

Consumption rate of the drug: 0.75-1.0 kg / ha
Water consumption: 200-500 l / ha

If, for the convenience of the calculation, we take the consumption rate as 0.8 kg / ha and the water consumption rate for 400 l / ha, then we get 2 g per 1 liter. water or 20 g per 10 liters. I think it makes sense to use the official regulations.

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Message from Irtysh » 21.05.2020, 06:06

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Message from Roman S. » 21.05.2020, 07:01

What's wrong with Elena's message?

Compatibility: compatible with microbiological plant protection products, growth regulators, fertilizers, chemical herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.

Not compatible with Fitolavin and other bactericides.

Compatibility: compatible with microbiological plant protection products, growth regulators, fertilizers, chemical herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.

Not compatible with Fitolavin and other bactericides!

Compatibility: compatible with microbiological plant protection agents, growth regulators, fertilizers, chemical insecticides and herbicides.

The simultaneous introduction of a biological product with chemical fungicides is prohibited. Before using biofungicide, it is necessary to thoroughly rinse the tank from chemical fungicides.

Compatibility: compatible with microbiological plant protection products, growth regulators, fertilizer solutions, chemical herbicides and insecticides.

The simultaneous introduction of a biological product with chemical fungicides is prohibited. Glyocladin can be applied to the fertilizer solution for drip irrigation. Before using Glyocladin, thoroughly rinse the tank from chemical fungicides.

The drug is compatible with many chemical pesticides: for example, with insecticides - Decis, Aktara, Fitoverm fungicides - Strobi, Quadris, Tilt premium, Fundazol, Vitivax 200. With fertilizers and growth regulators (Zircon, Ribav-Extra, Epin, Amulet, Plantafol) antibiotic drugs - Fitolavin. It is important not to combine with solutions that have an alkaline reaction! It should be noted that some variants of Fitosporin-M contain GUMI (humic acids), for example Fitosporin-paste. In this case, it is inappropriate to combine them with growth stimulants.

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Message from Irtysh » 21.05.2020, 07:30

Copper oxychloid is a bactericide. It decomposes in the soil for 3 months. After it, you can not use bacterial drugs. It will suppress all the beneficial bacteria Alirin, Gamair, Trichodermin, and Fitosporin.

I remember you here scolded biological products that they are of no use. So of course they will not be of any use if you fill the beds with any chemistry. From my own experience, I will say that biological products have a tremendous effect, and wilting diseases also fight gray rot. There is no need for any chemistry at all.

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Message from Nikolic » 21.05.2020, 17:20

Timofey, have you tried Coca-Cola by the colors of thrips? It's just such a thing, we need to know for sure. Soon we are waiting for our dear friend as the gardens will fade. Last year, at the suggestion of Roman, we sprinkled phytoverm over the flowers and covered them with spunbond. And it works 100%. This year, everything is already with gloves and masks.

Eh, I bought strawberries for children 2 times.The first tastes like a dandelion chewed, and the second crunches. I grow it myself, the work is hard and troublesome.

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Message from Roman S. » 21.05.2020, 21:40

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Message from Nikolic » 22.05.2020, 09:26

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Message from Roman S. » 22.05.2020, 13:25

Nikolic, I'm going to put it. I already prepared the peaks, showed them in the subject.

We have a difficult year again this year. There was no winter, nor spring. Last year, SAT as of 05/23/2019 was 435 degrees, and this year, as of today, 204.5 degrees, and I also included two warm days at the end of March, and then there was a cold April, i.e. actually 183 degrees, because the heat came from April 29th. The situation in 2018 is repeated - strawberries do not have time to grow the leaf apparatus due to cold weather, and it is already time to bloom, therefore I again predict the simultaneous flowering of varieties of different waiting periods and the yield will be worse than last year, because the bushes did not have time to really increase the leaf mass, it will be hard for the berry pull out.
Today I will go to the village, in theory, mass flowering should begin. If so, then I will process the colors with a tank mixture Vertimek + Luna Tranquility and cover it with a non-fabric from bees. I try Luna Tranquility from gray rot, we have rains every day, and Vertimek originally planned to cover the first wave of the pest from thrips, but I doubt that it will be in flowers now, judging by the SAT, it's too early for him. Well, we will check it on the spot. Vertimek will go against the tick, Syngenta writes in booklets that it quickly penetrates the tissues and forms reservoirs there, a long-term protective effect up to 4 weeks, I hope that it will still work by the time thrips appears.
So today I process, cover, and now I will probably open it only in a week. As I open it, I set traps right away. This is my plan for this season. The weather crumpled it, of course, let's see what it will lead to in the end.


Hydroseeding in the country

If you decide to do hydroseeding with your own hands in a suburban area, first you need to prepare the soil. No special treatment, just remove all debris (stones, weeds, last year's foliage) from the intended area. In a small area, this is done with a rake.

As for natural conditions, this should be done in the spring, when the ambient temperature is above zero, and the soil warmed up to at least 10 degrees. The weather should be dry so that the mud cakes as quickly as possible.

When preparing the mixture, it is permissible to add various fertilizers. It is not difficult to calculate their required number, the weight for a certain piece of land is written on the package. It is enough just to estimate the size of the sown area. The prepared mixture does not have to be sprayed right away, it can stand for some time, the seeds will have time to swell a little. It is permissible to prepare the mixture in the evening and spray in the morning.

For a small area, a simple hand sprayer will suffice. You can use a water pump such as "Kid" or "Trickle", these certainly have the owners of suburban areas. To do this, you just need to thoroughly strain the clay solution in order to remove large impurities and make the mixture more liquid. The main thing is to choose a suitable sprayer so that the seeds pass well through it. If you have larger seeds, you can enlarge the holes on the sprayer with a drill.

With this method, there is no fear that some piece of land will remain unseeded, the clay mixture is clearly visible on the surface. The whole care of such a lawn consists in regular watering. On a large territory, special automatic sprinklers are installed; in the country, you can get by with a hose with a nozzle or a watering can with a fine strainer.

A liquid lawn is the best way of landscaping any territory, regardless of its volume and relief. Due to its many benefits, hydro-planting has long been popular in landscape design. Its main advantages are quality, speed of lawn coverage and the possibility of hydroseeding the lawn with your own hands.


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