Cucumbers are one of the most popular vegetables grown by almost every gardener. The owners experience a lot of annoyance when the time and effort invested did not bring the expected results. The main factor in the successful cultivation of zelents is the correct preparation of cucumber seeds for planting, including soaking.
Before sowing, it is imperative to check the seeds for germination. It is not known how much the old or low-quality seed material has a life reserve, so you can not wait for sprouts on the soil surface. To save time and money, it is recommended to do germination test procedures for the seeds. This gives hope that the seedlings will be viable. During the soaking process, attention is paid to important factors:
The easiest way to check the quality is to wrap the seed in a damp cloth (linen, cotton). This method is used by almost all gardeners.
The process looks like this: from the total mass of seeds, 10-15 pieces are selected, after which they are laid out on a napkin moistened with warm water, laid out on a saucer. The top should be covered with plastic wrap and the saucer should be placed in a warm place protected from drafts (temperature range from 20 to 23 degrees). Several times a day you need to check the condition of the seeds so as not to miss when the sprouts begin to hatch. At the same time, it is worth paying attention to the napkin, if dry, you will need to moisten it again... To do this, it is enough to spray with warm water from a spray bottle so as not to disturb the grains.
Seeds are considered suitable for sowing, which germinated in 60% (that is, out of 10 grains, 6 copies formed keys). The faster the process took place, the more vitality the seed has.
How to soak properly:
In preparation for sowing, one of the known germination methods is used. The most popular and effective methods to germinate seeds are as follows.
The saline solution is considered universal, it allows you to determine the germination rate and show which specimens will germinate and which will not for almost any culture. The working solution is prepared from 6-10 g of table salt and an incomplete glass of warm water. The process itself involves filling the bowl first with seed, then filling the container with the prepared liquid. After 6-8 minutes, the floating seeds are collected, since they are found unsuitable for planting. Those that have held out all the time at the bottom have good life potential. This process also allows the seed to be disinfected. After that, you can safely plant seeds.
After soaking, the grains must be rinsed with clean water and dried under natural conditions at a temperature of at least 20 ° C.
Soaking seeds in a liquid enriched with biologically active preparations is considered multifunctional. The most famous are:
The method of processing seed with Zircon provides for the preparation of a working solution from 300 ml of water and 2 drops of the drug and takes time. Soaking the grains in it lasts for 8-18 hours, during which time the sprouts should hatch. The tool acts in such directions as stimulating germination, strengthening the immune system.
A good result is obtained if treated with Humate material. When using it, powder (1 gram) and 100 ml of water at room temperature are taken to prepare the mother liquor. Store the product in a cool place (for example, in the refrigerator on the door). Before use, 1 ml of the solution is diluted with 100 ml of water. The seeds are soaked in the resulting liquid for 24 hours.
Ivin's drug has an excellent stimulating and anti-stress effect. For soaking, a solution is prepared from 2 drops of the product and 2 liters of water at room temperature. Processing time is 18-24 hours. Which drug to choose depends on you.
Baking soda is useful not only in the kitchen, but also for gardening. It has an antimicrobial effect and helps to prolong the fruiting period. For soaking, a working solution is prepared from 1 liter of warm water and 1 teaspoon of soda. Seeds need to settle in such a solution for at least a day.
Disputes over the advisability of using soda have been going on for more than one year. The only thing that is not in doubt is it is the ability to soften the surface of the grains, allowing moisture to freely penetrate into the seed... To enhance the effect, various recipes have been developed that include the addition of other biostimulants:
The complex effect provides fast seedling formation, resistance to various infections and high yields with proper care.
The drug Epin has a wide spectrum of action. It is a regulator and adaptogen capable of controlling the balance of substances in a plant. The active components of the product ensure the rapid germination of seeds, strengthen the culture's immunity, resistance to a humid environment, which occurs as a result of heavy rains or flooding.
For germination of cucumber grains, prepare a solution of 100 ml of water and 1-2 drops of the drug. It is necessary to keep them in a biostimulator for at least 18-20 hours at a temperature of 20-23 ° C, that is, the process is quite long.
For a long time, before planting, seeds were also germinated to obtain quick shoots. From generation to generation, long-term proven folk recipes are passed on, which are still used to this day. Carrots, pumpkin, beets, radishes, squash are just a part of the plants, the seeds of which can be soaked in these solutions before planting. Here are some simple and powerful options.
Honey dissolved in water is considered an excellent stimulant. For cooking, use a glass of warm water and a teaspoon of the sweet component. The procedure is performed by filling a bowl with honey solution and immersing the seed in it for 6 hours.
Cucumber seeds germinate well in pure potato juice. To obtain it, you need to select several root crops and put them in the freezer for freezing. Once removed from the refrigerator, the potatoes should be thawed. You need to squeeze the juice manually, it is not difficult at all. Soaked seeds in the juice settle for at least 8 hours.
Wood ash has a valuable chemical composition, rich in nutritive minerals and trace elements. You can also use such a component for germinating cucumber seeds. First, an infusion is prepared from boiled water (1 liter) and ash (2 tablespoons). The liquid should be infused for at least 2 days, after which the grains are immersed in it for 6 hours.
Soaking the seed in aloe juice not only stimulates growth, but also strengthens the plant's immunity. After such treatment, it will be easier for a young shoot to resist various diseases and pests. To extract juice from a home plant, you need to cut off the mature leaves from the bottom of the stem. Having wrapped them in paper (preferably parchment), they should be put in the refrigerator for two weeks. After that, the juice is squeezed out by hand very simply. The extracted liquid is diluted with a small amount of water and seeds are poured into the solution for a day.
To soak the seeds of cucumbers, take settled water. However, experienced gardeners have noticed that using rain or melt water is much more effective.
The preparation process is really not difficult. When planting cucumbers, you should not be guided only by the information about the expiration date indicated on the package. Spending no more than a few minutes, you can verify the quality of the purchased material.
Cucumbers are one of the most popular vegetable crops in the garden. It takes a lot of effort to get good fruiting. Correct preparation of cucumber seeds for sowing is a key point on which germination and further fruiting directly depends.
Cultivation of cucumbers can take place in the open field or in a greenhouse, so this must be taken into account when preparing the seed for cucumbers.
Spring is the beginning of the season when gardeners and gardeners think about the future harvest. Planting plans are created, seeds and fertilizers are purchased in stores. Some crops, such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, begin to be cultivated by growing seedlings. Other plants do not require a similar preparation period. They are planted immediately in the ground when the ground warms up enough. But in both cases, gardeners may be concerned with the question of whether to soak the seeds and, if so, how.
To prepare the material for germination, it must be placed in a warm place. For example, put next to the battery. The first you need crops such as pumpkin, cucumbers, squash, zucchini. The room should be at a temperature of plus twenty degrees. If the seeds warm up for a month or a month and a half, then later they will sprout earlier and provide an earlier harvest.
Not all planting material is suitable for growing strong and healthy plants. Perhaps the seeds bought a long time ago are already expired if their expiration date has expired. Therefore, before processing, it is necessary to sort through all of them, remove damaged, small ones.
To make the process take less time, it is enough to resort to the popular method of selection. You will need to dilute from thirty to fifty grams of table salt in a liter of water. Drain the water to remove the sediment, and pour the material clean. Thus, you learned how to properly soak seeds to identify defective specimens. As a result, you will receive the following picture within an hour. Those of the seeds that are suitable for sowing will sink to the bottom of the jar, and the empty ones will rise to the surface. They will have to be thrown away. The rest are washed in running water. So you can sort out the seeds of almost all crops.
Let's take a direct look at the process describing how to soak the seeds before planting, what needs to be done for this. The planting material is placed in water at room temperature. Such processing helps to awaken the dormant forces in the small seed. Seedlings will be early. Gardeners are concerned about the following problem: how many days to soak the seeds so that they are ready for planting. Parsley, beets, peppers, celery, carrots, eggplants, parsnips, onions should be soaked in water for forty-eight hours. For cucumbers, radish, cabbage, melon, radish, lettuce, zucchini, pumpkin, squash, eight to twelve hours are enough.
When culling, seeds are removed not only empty, damaged, but also diseased. After all, they can be carriers of dangerous diseases, which will then pass on to adult plants. Disinfection is carried out as a preventive measure. Before the seeds are soaked before planting, they are subjected to a special treatment.
The most effective way to disinfect them is to warm them up in water with a temperature of up to 50. Place the planting material in a cloth bag and lower it in boiling water for twenty minutes. In this case, care must be taken that the temperature does not drop. Then the seeds are soaked in cold water for three minutes. Similar tests are suitable for carrots, cabbage and beets. Do the same with zucchini, eggplant, watermelon and melons. True, they require a longer hot bath - within two hours.
The options for how to soak seeds before planting are very similar, but at the same time, they are not the most basic. Before soaking, the planting material can be frozen in the refrigerator. The seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth and placed in the freezer. They are stored at low temperatures - from -1 to -3. So the pumpkin, tomatoes, eggplants, peppers are hardened for three days. Having withstood such conditions, they will be ready for planting in open ground much earlier than those not hardened.
When preparing planting material, you can safely experiment. For example, here's how to soak seeds before planting with nutrient formulas. You will need a solution of potassium permanganate. He prepares as follows. One gram of potassium permanganate is dissolved in five liters of water. But it should be borne in mind that such treatment inhibits the development of plants. Therefore, experts recommend resorting to specially produced mixtures.
For example, growth regulators Zircon, Albit, Energen can be used. It is necessary to prepare solutions with these drugs according to the instructions that come with them. As a substitute for potassium permanganate solution, you can use five grams of baking soda per liter of water. The processed seeds will also undergo disinfection. Any of these solutions are suitable for preparing pumpkin seeds, cucumbers, zucchini. They must be kept for twelve hours.
There is another option. The following composition is prepared. One matchbox of wood ash is dissolved in five liters of water. Insist for two days. In this solution, the seeds must be kept for four to six hours. They wake up after soaking, swell. If this did not happen, then the whole procedure should be repeated from the beginning. It is necessary to hold them in warm water for one to two hours. Also suitable for processing planting material are aloe juice, infusions of valerian, chamomile, oak bark.
Having considered the above methods of processing planting material, we can conclude that the question of whether it is necessary to soak the seeds is rhetorical. If you go through all the stages of preparation correctly, then as a result you can get good shoots, strong healthy plants and a rich harvest.
What is the best way to soak seeds (such as a tomato) before planting and should you do it? You can soak seeds in clean water, but it is much preferable to do this in solutions containing biologically active substances, for example, in solutions of epin, humate or zircon.Epin is a brand name for a plant-derived substance that is a versatile adaptogen and growth stimulant.
It helps seedlings to adapt to fluctuations in temperature, light, humidity, increases resistance to negative influences - to hypothermia and overheating, lack of light, waterlogging and drought. Humate is a potassium or sodium salt of humic acid, which is obtained by alkaline hydrolysis of brown coal or peat.
Like epin, it has a stimulating and anti-stress effect. Since humates that are obtained from some types of coal are not highly active, it is better to use those made from peat. If the seeds are soaked in epine or a solution of humate, then in most cases this will accelerate their germination and have a beneficial effect on the growth of seedlings.
But even in those cases when the seedling rate does not increase, such treatment greatly reduces their sensitivity to negative conditions and increases their resistance to various diseases. Zircon is the brand name of the drug that is secreted from the echinacea plant, and its active ingredient is chicory acid.
This drug is a powerful stimulant with a pronounced increase in germination and high root-forming activity. Today there are more than five dozen growth stimulants. You can soak the seeds in energy and even in aloe juice, but we did not choose the ones listed above by chance.
The preparations epin, zircon and humate are not only ecologically safe, they are healing and beneficial for plants and humans. Treatment of seeds with biologically active substances should be carried out at t 20 ° and above. A lower temperature (below 15 °) reduces the processing efficiency.
Immediately before soaking the seeds, a pre-treatment is required to check their quality. The process consists of the following manipulations:
Larger seeds sprout better and give more viable sprouts
Rejection. The seeds that have passed the calibration are immersed in a glass with a solution of sodium chloride (1 teaspoon per glass of water) and mixed. Empty seeds will remain floating on top, while full-fledged ones will sink to the bottom. Then the water is drained and the seeds are washed.
In a solution of table salt, empty seeds will remain floating, and full-fledged seeds will sink to the bottom.
Disinfection. With purchased seeds, the procedure can be skipped, and if the planting material was obtained independently, then it is better to process it. To do this, the seeds are soaked for 20 minutes in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. Then they are washed again and dried by sprinkling them in a thin layer on a cotton cloth.
Disinfection of seeds is carried out at room temperature
Sparging. The seeds are immersed in a glass container, filled with water and an air divider from the aquarium compressor is lowered into it. In the process of bubbling, the seeds are saturated with oxygen in an amount sufficient for rapid germination. In addition, essential oils are washed out of them.
The air flow in the container is organized so that the movement of seeds in the water is uniform
So that in the future the germinated seedlings do not suffer from certain diseases, it is necessary to deal with the disinfection of the seed material. Quite often, a solution made from manganese is used for this. Before soaking cucumbers in potassium permanganate, you should familiarize yourself with how to do it correctly.
First, all the seeds are laid out on the surface of the gauze or fabric material. After that, manganese is added to the boiling water so that the liquid turns a little pink. Care must be taken that the mixture is not too concentrated, as this can spoil the seed.
When the solution has cooled to room temperature, all the cucumbers in gauze are placed in a container with liquid. Some are interested in how long you need to set aside for soaking in potassium permanganate. For disinfection, 15-20 minutes will be enough. After processing, all cucumbers are quickly removed from the container, washed and dried.
Also, before planting in open ground, cucumbers of hybrid F1 varieties are soaked in hydrogen peroxide. To do this, the day before planting, all the grains are placed in a small gauze bag and dipped in a weak solution. They must be soaked for 20-40 minutes. This should be enough time to clear bacteria from the grain. After that, all the grains, up to one, are taken out of the bag and dried.
Almost all lovers of fresh vegetables are engaged in the cultivation of cucumbers. It is no secret that it is necessary to prepare all planting material for sowing in advance. To do this, you need to familiarize yourself with the main methods of processing grains and determine how many days you should engage in soaking.
Almost all vegetable growers and summer residents are engaged in the cultivation of cucumbers. In order for the planted seeds to germinate faster, you will have to soak them in advance. However, before that, you need to figure out the peculiarities of soaking cucumbers and with the recommendations of experienced gardeners who will help you do everything right.