By: Liz Baessler
Snapdragons are beautiful tender perennial plants that put up spikes of colorful flowers in all sorts of colors. But how do you grow more snapdragons? Keep reading to learn more about snapdragon propagation methods and how to propagate a snapdragon plant.
Snapdragon plants can be propagated from cuttings, root division, and from seed. They cross pollinate easily, so if you plant the seed collected from a parent snapdragon, the resulting child plant is not guaranteed to be true to type, and the color of the flowers might be completely different.
If you want your new plants to look the same as their parent, you should stick to vegetative cuttings.
You can collect snapdragon seeds by letting the flowers fade naturally instead of deadheading them. Remove the resulting seed pods and either plant them right away in the garden (they will survive the winter and germinate in the spring) or save them to start indoors in the spring.
If you’re starting your seeds indoors, press them into a flat of moist growing material. Plant out the resulting seedlings when all chance of spring frost has passed.
If you want to grow snapdragons from cuttings, take your cuttings about 6 weeks before the first fall frost. Dip the cuttings in a rooting hormone and sink them in moist, warm soil.
To divide a snapdragon plant’s roots, simply dig up the entire plant in late summer. Divide the root mass into as many pieces as you want (making sure there is foliage attached to each) and plant each division in a one-gallon pot. Keep the pot indoors through the winter to allow roots to establish, and plant out the following spring when all risk of frost has passed.
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Read more about Snapdragons
|Species:||speciosa (spee-see-OH-suh) (Info)|
|Synonym:||Galvezia speciosa var. pubescens|
Tropicals and Tender Perennials
Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From seed sow indoors before last frost
From seed direct sow after last frost
This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:
On Mar 11, 2014, econte530 from San Rafael, CA wrote:
San Rafael, CA. Part to full sun.
Gorgeous foliage year round, but doesn't bloom as much as I thought it would. I planted one last june? in a brand new raised bed that everything else is thriving in. It is about 3' tall and wide, but I have trimmed it a few times. It only bloomed late summer and early fall. Hopefully this year it will have a longer bloom time. Deer love it, so a fence or spray is necessary.
On May 12, 2013, cloud91977 from Spring Valley, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:
Here in SS zone 24, USDA zone 10w, I have three plants growing around the yard.
In a mostly shaded spot (under a magnolia), in sandy loam, this plant grows slower, taller, and blooms much less than those in the sun. It gets hosed off every couple of weeks when it's hot but otherwise survives on what little winter rainfall we get here in So Cal. After two years it's about 3' high and a little less wide.
In an open sunny spot, exposed to hot winds, the plant is wider, lower, and blooms profusely in the spring and then enough to keep the hummers coming all summer. It grows in soil that is heavier in clay content, gets watered deeply only when it rains heavily, and otherwise is hosed off lightly every week or two during the summer. After two years it's probably. read more just over 2' high and nearly 4' wide.
Both plants in the ground are top-dressed with compost every spring, and trimmed back a little twice a year just to clear out any scraggly branches, but otherwise are not fertilized, mulched, or fussed over.
In a large pot that is shaded only during the hottest part of the day, this plant is brighter green, blooms most prolifically of all and over a longer period of time. The soil is a fast-draining potting mix that is watered from the top once or twice a month until the moisture runs out the bottom of the pot. This one is heavily mulched and gets fed with a slow-release fertilizer every spring.
Easy to propagate from cuttings and the long flowering stems with bright red contrasting against the perfectly green foliage are great additions to arrangements.
I would highly recommend this plant to anyone who is looking for an undemanding, evergreen, versatile, hummingbird magnet.
On Sep 23, 2006, Gina_Rose from Hollywood, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:
I rated it neutral b/c I haven't grown it, but would like to. Here's info I've collected so far:
The width I gave the plant is mainly for the plant when it reaches maturity, but it's a spreading groundcover and I read reports that it has spread to up to 15'.
It's a native to CA, the Channel Islands, and it's habitat is rocky cliffs & canyons.
If grown near the coast, it likes full sun and can be drought tolerant, but inland it needs more shade and water.
It's considered endangered in some of it's native areas.
I always enjoy growing my own plants, but there’s something even more exciting and gratifying about propagating them - producing plants by dividing, grafting, or taking the cuttings from existent stems. It’s an interesting and very easy-to-follow process.
Recently, while up in Maine, I was given a beautiful collection of snapdragons, Antirrhinum majus. These blooms were so magnificent, I was eager to bring the stems home to my farm, where my head gardener, Ryan McCallister, could root new plants from their cuttings. With so many different varieties of snapdragons, certain types are harder to come by - they may be heirloom varieties that have not been as well-preserved. For some, propagating snapdragons from stem cuttings has been very successful - I can’t wait to see how these cuttings do.
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon
Antirrhinum majus 'Buttery Dragon'
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon flowers
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon flowers
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon has masses of beautiful clusters of lightly-scented buttery yellow tubular flowers with brick red spots rising above the foliage from mid spring to mid fall, which are most effective when planted in groupings. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its small pointy leaves remain green in color throughout the season. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon is an herbaceous annual with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other garden plants with less refined foliage.
This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. It is a good choice for attracting bees and hummingbirds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon is recommended for the following landscape applications
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon will grow to be about 8 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 6 inches apart. Although it's not a true annual, this fast-growing plant can be expected to behave as an annual in our climate if left outdoors over the winter, usually needing replacement the following year. As such, gardeners should take into consideration that it will perform differently than it would in its native habitat.
This plant should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America. It can be propagated by cuttings however, as a cultivated variety, be aware that it may be subject to certain restrictions or prohibitions on propagation.
Buttery Dragon Snapdragon is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers against which the larger thriller plants stand out. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.
Creel, R., and J.R. Kessler. 2007. "Greenhouse Production of Bedding Plant Snapdragons." Alabama A&M and Auburn University, 1–3.
Gilman, E. F. 1999. Antirrhinum majus Snapdragon. FP044. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fp044
Hanks, G. 2014. "Snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus) as a cut flower crop grown in polythene tunnels." National Cut Flower Centre/HDC Information sheet 5.
Hudson, A., J. Critchley, and Y Erasmus. 2008a. "Cultivating antirrhinum." CSH Protoc. doi:10.1101/pdb.prot5051
Hudson, A., J. Critchley, and Y Erasmus. 2008b. "Propagating antirrhinum." CSH Protoc. doi:10.1101/pdb.prot5052
Oyama, R. K., and D. A. Baum. 2004. "Phylogenetic relationships of north American Antirrhinum (Veronicaceae)." American Journal of Botany. 91(6), 918–925. doi: 10.3732/ajb.91.6.918
Tolety, J., and A. Sane. (2011). "Antirrhinum." In Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, C. Kole (Ed.) 1–14. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
USDA. (2015). "Floriculture Crops." United States Department of Agriculture.
This document is ENH1285, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date January 2018. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
Heqiang Huo, assistant professor and Jianjun Chen, professor, Mid-Florida Research and Education Center, UF/IFAS Extension, Apopka, FL 32703.
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.