Description and characteristics of Senator grapes


Senator grapes, although not so long ago appeared on the market, have already earned special popularity. All thanks to the pleasant nutmeg taste, long-term preservation of berries after harvest and during transportation, as well as the beauty of the bunch itself. They seem to have drawn the grapes. The berries are large, one in one. Who wouldn't like it?

Description of the grape variety Senator

Senator begins to bear fruit under optimal growing conditions in early August... This is subject to a mild climate. With the movement to the north, the ripening time increases. Despite the fact that this variety belongs to hybrids and has recently appeared on the market, it is very common among gardeners and gardeners.

The Senator variety was obtained by crossing the Gift from Zaporozhye and Maradona by the popular breeder Pavlovsky E.G. Pre-harvest period of order 120 days after the appearance of the kidneys. There is also a variety of Senator Pavlovsky.

Characteristics of grape berries

The berries themselves are large. Plus, they don't lend themselves to peas. They are oval in shape. When ripe, they can resemble ripe cherries.

Under optimal conditions, the berry can reach mass 18 g... Each grape has an average of 2-3 seeds. It depends on the weather conditions and the growing region of the variety.

The berries are enveloped by the thinnest, but very strong and elastic skin. It also protects the berries during transportation and prevents the rubbing from cracking.

Advantages and disadvantages

Let's consider the advantages and disadvantages of the Senator variety in more detail.

Positive traits:

  • refined nutmeg flavor;
  • attractiveness of appearance;
  • the variety shows high resistance to various diseases;
  • ease of care;
  • high yield;
  • excellent presentation of berries. The berries are one in one, large and beautiful;
  • transportation over long distances is possible, provided that the bunches of grapes were not exposed to excessive moisture;
  • Senator belongs to frost-resistant varieties. It can withstand temperatures down to -24 degrees Celsius.

Negative qualities:

  • if the weather conditions are too humid, the berries can rot;
  • if it is planned to plant seedlings in the northern regions, it is important to properly prepare for wintering;
  • the flesh is not as crispy as we would like it to be.

Landing

It is recommended to plant grapes on a plot that differs fertility and ease... The soil should be well warmed up and rich in useful microelements.

The optimal place for growing a hybrid is considered to be the southern and southwestern slopes, protected from drafts and winds from the north.

Consider landing in stages:

  • the best time to plant seedlings is spring. But it is better to prepare the pit even in the fall. If the planting will be carried out in the fall, then at least a month before;
  • it is recommended to leave a distance between nearby pits 1.5 m;
  • if the groundwater is high, it is important to protect the roots from their harmful effects. To do this, using expanded clay or crushed stone, a high drainage layer is made;
  • fertilizers are poured over the drainage, and then - fertile soil under the roots of the seedling;
  • just before planting the seedling itself, it is recommended shorten roots with the removal of weak and unnecessary shoots;
  • the soil near the root is well compacted, and then watered abundantly. A few years after planting the hybrid, the soil of the root system needs mulch a layer of organic matter for fertilization. It must be at least 30 mm. It can be dry grass or straw, which prevents the area from drying out and waterlogging.

Care of young and mature vines

Taking care of grapes is easy. But it is necessary to carry out a certain list of measures in a timely manner, allowing the seedling to develop and bear fruit normally. There is a difference between caring for a newly planted plant and a mature plant.

Seedling care after planting:

  • mulch grapes can be around the trunk with husks from seeds, straw or dry grass. This will increase the survival rate of the seedling, insulate it, retain moisture in the soil and prevent weeds;
  • as soon as the vine reaches 0.3-0.4 m, it is needed tie up... To do this, stakes are hammered from several sides and connected with wire or a dense thread so that the bush does not fall. For the normal development of grapes, two shoots are enough;
  • watering is recommended at least once a week, since the soil layer from the rhizome to the surface is thin enough;
  • it is important to cut off extra stepsons immediately so that they do not inhibit the growth of the main shoot;
  • fertilize the soil needed as needed. If it is fertile, then the initial complex of fertilizers when planting in the first year of life will be quite enough;
  • throughout the growth of grapes, the Senator is recommended to spray it with special agents against the most common diseases and pests. It is better to prevent the disease than to treat it later;
  • it is recommended to mint the young tops of the shoot with young foliage by no more than 20-30 cm. The best time for this is the end of August and the beginning of September;
  • in order for the seedling to successfully survive the winter, it is covered with a plastic bucket and buried in earth by 0.1 m.

Seedling care after the first harvest and before maturity:

  • for a start, it is important to correctly form the fruit link. All kidneys are removed except the top three. In fact, you only need two, but the third is a spare. The lower bud should extend outward from the bush. It will allow the formation of a fruit link next year. Whereas the top one is in the current one;
  • all shoots that appeared in the summer should periodically tie up;
  • excess shoots and buds are removed;
  • you need to produce on time pinching;
  • before flowering is produced topping, the main purpose of which is to create optimal conditions for the development of the bunch during flowering;
  • immediately before flowering, the grapes are processed for additional nutrition of the vine and as preventive measures against the appearance of diseases;
  • under the normalization of the bunch, it is supposed to remove excess units so that there are two bunches per shoot.

Post-harvest grape processing:

  • before the onset of winter, it is important to process the grapes from the appearance of diseases and pests;
  • it is best to feed the bushes by spraying;
  • it is important to keep the soil moist.

Before winter, grapes should be prepared:

  • prune old perennial shootsleaving new ripe vines;
  • if these are young seedlings, or there is such an opportunity, grapes takes cover box.

It is easy to take care of the grapes, if you do it in a timely manner, then you are guaranteed a good harvest.

Reproduction methods

There are several ways to propagate grapes: cuttings, layering and grafting... The first method is considered the most common and lightweight. Whereas in the second case you will have to tinker, but the seedlings will turn out to be stronger and more "tenacious".

The latter method will allow you to quickly replace low-value varieties with higher-quality, productive and tasty ones.

Diseases and pests

Despite the fact that the Senator grape is a very disease resistant plant, it is important to produce some preventive actions:

  • spraying vines with specialized products;
  • removal of infected branches and foliage;
  • cleaning dry leaves around the bush;
  • establish weed control.

The Senator grape variety is very popular today, so the issue of its planting and proper care in the future deserves special attention. There is nothing difficult here. Also, the grape variety may have the name Senator Burdaka. A couple of simple timely operations and a good harvest on the table. The main thing is to follow all the recommendations of our article.


This hybrid form was obtained as a result of crossing the varieties Maradona and Podarok Zaporozhye, is relatively new, but it managed to win the sympathy of many winegrowers. The famous Russian breeder E.G. Pavlovsky set a goal to create frost-resistant grapes with preservation of taste, as well as to achieve high resistance to diseases and pests. So a real miracle of selection was born. It was possible to achieve all the goals and increase the level of fruiting.

Despite the fact that the shrub plant perfectly adapts to various soils, the Senator is most comfortable to grow and develop on the southern slopes of the Krasnodar Territory, Crimea, the Don region and the Caucasus. Less often you can find this variety in the middle latitudes of our country, since sharp temperature changes are detrimental to the plant.


Description and characteristics of grape Senator

Senator grapes belong to early-ripening varieties, full ripening of berries occurs within 120-130 days, after the beginning of the growing season of the plant: already in the second or third decade of August, you can harvest. The hybrid belongs to table varieties, but, according to winegrowers, an excellent wine is made from its fruits. Senator grapes have good frost resistance (up to -23 C). However, gardeners unanimously recommend covering the vine for the winter, otherwise the plant may die.

The bunches of the Senator hybrid have a conical, slightly elongated shape, the fruits are closely adjacent to each other. Because of this feature, in rainy summers, the berries can crack and rot. The hybrid has an impressive weight of one bunch: 1 200-1 500 grams.

As already mentioned, the grapes of Pavlovsky's selection are pink in color, while they are distinguished by an oval shape and a rather large weight: 12-15 grams. The grapes have a rather pleasant taste with a cherry tint, the pulp is juicy, the peel, when eaten, is mixed with the pulp, in each berry you can find two or three seeds. The bunches can be on the vine for a long time, while the fruits do not lose their taste and pleasant appearance.


Description of the grape variety Senator Pavlovsky

Pavlovsky grapes are considered to be early ripening, although the ripening times vary depending on the climatic zone. In regions with favorable climatic conditions, the period from the beginning of the growing season to fruiting is 125 days, and in countries with low temperatures it increases to 140 days.

According to the photo and reviews, the description of the grapes Senator Pavlovsky is as follows: the shrub is represented by strong, little branching trunks with a voluminous crown. The leaf plates are large, carved. Flowers do not need pollinators: they are bisexual.

The grape berries are oval in shape, similar in color to sweet cherries, large, there is no tendency to peas. The ripe fruits of Senator Pavlovsky reach 18 g in weight, covered with a thin elastic skin, 2-3 seeds inside. The berries are not prone to cracking, they tolerate long-term transportation well. It tastes sweet, with juicy pulp and nutmeg aroma.

A cone-shaped bunch of grapes weighing from 750 to 1500 g, where the berries are tightly adjacent to each other.

It is recommended to cultivate grapes in regions where the temperature does not drop below -24 ° C in winter. Covering materials are used to protect the vines from frost.

The variety Senator Pavlovsky is resistant to fungi and viruses: powdery mildew and gray rot. Timely preventive measures taken make it possible to avoid the defeat of anthracosis, mildew.

Advantages of the variety Senator Pavlovsky:

  • possibility of transportation under optimal conditions (humidity control)
  • large brush size
  • the presence of immunity to diseases
  • high yield
  • versatility of application (use of fresh grapes, making wine).

The disadvantages of the Senator Pavlovsky variety include cracking of fruits with prolonged contact with water, the need to build shelter structures in areas with a cold climate.


Rooting cuttings and planting in the ground

At the end of February and beginning of March, the grapes come out of dormancy and are able to start vegetating, from this moment you can begin the process of rooting cuttings. First of all, the stalk must be checked for suitability and prepared for growing, for this it is necessary:

  • check the condition of the bark, it must be of a uniform color, without spots and mold
  • cut off a small piece of the cutting; on the cut, the color of the wood should be bright green
  • cut off the peephole, in order to check the viability of the kidney, the cut should also be green, without spots or black dots
  • the first bud should be no more than 1.5-2 cm from the base of the cutting
  • make small cuts on the bark along the perimeter of the base. Roots will subsequently grow from these cuts.

After checking the cuttings, you can start germinating them and then planting them for seedlings. To do this, you must observe the following sequence of actions:

Put cotton wool on the bottom of the jar and pour a small amount of water, the layer should be no more than 2 cm. Add water as it evaporates, but watch out for its amount, there should not be too much water.

Important! for germination, the roots definitely need oxygen, if you pour a lot of water, then leaves will appear on the cutting, and not roots.

  • Pour the cuttings with paraffin or wax, this will significantly speed up the process of root formation.
  • Place the cuttings in a jar and leave on the sunny side for 2-3 weeks.
  • After the specified period, the cuttings will grow, leaves and the first roots will appear. If a leaf appears on the first bud, then it can be removed.
  • After the roots have reached a size of about 0.5 cm, the cuttings can be transplanted into the ground for seedlings. The roots are very fragile, and therefore should not be overexposed in water, as they will break off during transplantation.
  • The soil is prepared as follows: mix earth or humus with sand in a ratio of 2: 1, i.e. 2 parts of the land will need 1 part of sand. It is necessary to achieve a loose soil condition.
  • The soil is poured into small pots, often cut plastic water bottles are used for this purpose. A hole is made in the center in the form of a large depression. You can use a nail, knife, awl, or anything long and thin.
  • At the bottom of the container, it is imperative to make drainage so that the water leaves and does not stagnate in the ground.

    The cutting is neatly placed in the prepared grooves. Since the roots are very fragile, in no case should you move, rotate or actively move the cutting in the ground. We carefully placed and slowly pour the earth in a circle, periodically adding a small amount of water.

    Important! you can take any water, but before watering it must be allowed to stand for at least a day.

  • Water the cuttings as needed, depending on the temperature and humidity.
  • The Senator grape is a very sun-loving plant. It is best to plant in close proximity to the house on the south side. Add humus and mineral, potash or phosphate fertilizers to the soil.

    Planting grape seedlings in open ground:

    1. In the prepared soil, it is necessary to dig a trench about 15 cm wide and 20-25 cm deep. The depth should be such that the seedlings sink along the second bud.
    2. Before planting, water the seedlings to give the soil plasticity, and it does not crumble. The planting hole must also be watered and allowed to soak.
    3. Remove the seedling from the seedling container along with a clod of earth at the roots. It is imperative to make sure that the earth does not crumble and the roots do not break off.
    4. Next, place the seedling at the very beginning of the trench and carefully sprinkle it with earth. If the hole is too deep, you can simply add earth to the bottom. Do not completely fill up the planting hole.
    5. Plant seedlings one after another along the entire length of the planting pit at a distance of 10 cm.
    6. After all the seedlings are planted, it is necessary to water them abundantly.


    Masterpiece of Moldovan selection - grapes Senator

    What can you say about this masterpiece of Moldovan selection? Not handsome, that's for sure - the clusters are very plump, dirty reddish, not too pleasing to the eye.

    If this scares the buyer off, offer him a berry that tastes like one hundred percent, and he will buy it, and it will come tomorrow! It is simply impossible to remain indifferent to such berries!

    What species does it belong to?

    Senator - hybrid table subspecies with an early-medium ripening period. Table hybrids also include Zarya Nesvetaya, Korinka Russian and Valery Voevoda.

    The berries ripen by the beginning of autumn. Usually they leave it hanging still, so that more sugar accumulates. The berry tolerates storage and transportation normally.

    It is especially popular with winemakers for its rich opening nutmeg bouquet with sour, sweet and tart notes, rich strawberry aftertaste. It is also very popular fresh - berries can be stored for a long time without losing nutmeg, which is especially valuable.

    Muscat taste and aroma can also boast Summer Muscat, Novoshakhtinsky Muscat and Nesvetaya's Gift.

    Grape Senator: variety description

    The vigor is above average. Differs in good survival rate of cuttings. The bunch is moderately large, round, very dense, with a long light green stem.

    Peeling is very rare. Weight from 600 g to one and a half kilograms. Berries are oval or ovoid, rather large, 10-12 g, dirty pink or light red in color with a violet.

    The skin is dense, almost not felt when eating. The pulp is juicy, fleshy, with two or three small full-fledged seeds inside.

    Photo of grapes "Senator":

    Breeding history

    Created by E.G. Pavlovsky, whose main goal has always been to create grapes that are not too afraid of winters and resistant to diseases. At the same time, so that it retains the sweetness and exquisite aroma.

    The Senator has become such a gift for winegrowers. Parent varieties - Gift to Zaporozhye and Maradonna.

    It belongs to the covering varieties, therefore it is best for him, of course, in the south - the Crimea, the Don region, the Caucasus, the Krasnodar Territory. Not common in mid-latitudes due to possible harsh winters, which can be disastrous for the Senator.

    Romeo, Sponsor and Pharaoh belong to the hand of the same breeder.

    Characteristics

    This "dignitary" tolerates frosts very well (although it requires that he be sheltered) - up to -23-24 degrees Celsius. She is also afraid of a strong sun - the bunches need to be covered with leaves so that the berries do not get sunburn. Not afraid of fungal attacks.

    According to farmers' reviews, phylloxera is also not afraid. Well compatible with most rootstocks, loves additional care - watering, fertilizing. The ripening of the shoots is very good, almost over the entire length. Wasps, according to gardeners, is also practically not beaten.

    Diseases and pests

    Wasps will not take this "VIP" person, but birds - with a dear soul. It is not difficult to save the vineyard from them - a rigid mesh fence will help.

    The likelihood of such a formidable ailment as bacterial cancer is low, but still it is. Grape oncology is a very terrible enemy, if you miss it, you can easily lose the entire vineyard. Moreover, unfortunately, they have not yet learned how to treat it.

    Rather, chemists have invented drugs that, according to them, will cure bacterial cancer completely, but so far they are at an experimental stage. Therefore, we will have to cope with what we have.

    The main weapon in the fight against any cancer is prevention. This means that we carefully examine the cuttings and seedlings, feed them with mineral fertilizers, and handle them with extreme caution so as not to cut the bark.

    You will also have to make sure that the bush is well blown with fresh air. Well, if the disease does come, the diseased part is uprooted and destroyed.

    Prevention against anthracnose, bacteriosis and chlorosis should not be neglected. Despite the resistance to fungi, do not forget to inspect for the appearance of mildew and oidium, all kinds of rot.

    Whoever will definitely come to feast on is a felt mite, otherwise - a grape itch. It eats shoots, leaves, ovaries and berries. Therefore, the vineyard needs to be sprayed with preparations - Bi-58, Fufanon, Kleschevit, Tiovit-Jet is also good.

    Grape Senator - a real miracle of selection, a gift to all winegrowers, especially those who know a lot about good wine. Outwardly, a bunch may not amaze with its beauty, but it is not for nothing that they say that someone who is good-looking is not good.

    It is enough to taste this berry once in order to want to feast on it all year round. Yes, and this variety, despite the "status" name, requires not a complicated one, but the most ordinary one, with which any gardener is familiar.

    You can see more clearly the Senator grape below:
    https://youtu.be/YdFXsj61dGk

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