The luxurious green lawn in front of the house is always pleasing to the eye. In order for it to remain bright, juicy, alive for a long time, it is necessary to carry out a number of mandatory care measures. One of these activities is fertilization in the fall. By applying top dressing, the lawn will always be kept in good condition.
There is a misconception that it is not necessary to fertilize lawn grass. In fact, this is not correct. In order for the lawn to successfully overwinter, it is imperative to saturate it with nutrients in the fall, which the lawn loses every time you cut.
In addition, the applied fertilizers increase immunity to diseases and strengthen plant roots... If you do not apply top dressing to the soil in a timely manner, over time, the grass cover will acquire a dull, lifeless look, the grass will become thinner and thinner. In this state, the lawn will quickly overgrow with weeds, as its resistance will be lowered.
Autumn feeding is carried out from early September to mid-October.
Before applying the lawn, you must mow and remove the cut grass.
The main task of feeding in autumn is decreased activity of grass growth and saturation of the underground part with nutrients. These include:
TO mineral which can be fed include:
TO organic relate:
They are applied in the usual way or using auxiliary means - a hand seeder or a spreader.
Top dressing of this type is rich in saturation and affordable prices. The fertilizer dissolves quickly, is well absorbed into the soil, reaching the root system in the shortest time. This type contributes active growth and rich color plants. If the soil is depleted, then the amount must be doubled.
The most common nitrogen fertilizer is ammonium nitrate... It stimulates the growth of green mass of plants.
Its disadvantage is that an overabundance of this feeding provokes the development of fungal diseases, and also, when applied, acidity increases in the soil. This can be corrected by adding lime or ash to the soil.
The introduction of nitrogen supplements is stopped in the middle of summer.
Phosphorus is essential for strengthening the root system and the formation of new shoots... Phosphorus fertilization helps the grass to endure the winter more easily.
There are several types of phosphate fertilizers:
If phosphorus is used together with manure, then its amount is necessary halve.
The most common are superphosphate and double superphosphate... An excess of them provokes excessive growth of the root system. In this case, the soil is compacted and poorly permeates oxygen and moisture. If you do not take any measures, this will end in the death of the grass.
This type of feeding is made in the form of concentrated salts. Easily soluble in water and suitable for all types of soil. Mixes well with other types for use in a complex.
Having enough potassium will ensure good immunity to diseases and changes in climatic conditions.
The most used top dressing of this type is potassium salt... Thanks to this feeding, moisture is retained in the plant cells. They become more elastic and less susceptible to fungal diseases. The disadvantages include only the presence of chlorine in the composition, which accumulates in the soil over time.
Complex preparations are a mixture of several microelements in one top dressing. There are several types of mixtures:
Complex contain all trace elements necessary for the lawn... Depending on their composition, they are used at different growing periods.
Manure is an organic fertilizer containing a huge amount of beneficial microorganisms. It not only nourishes the lawn grass, but also improves the condition of the soil.
Manure should be applied decayedspreading it over the surface. The layer of manure should be 1-2 cm thick. You can also feed it with compost and rotted grass.
This dressing is quite concentrated, and not fermented it can not be usedas it can burn the roots of plants. It is necessary to introduce chicken droppings once every 2-3 years. The litter is diluted in a ratio of 1:15.
This type of feeding is a concentrated nitrogen fertilizer that dissolves easily in water. Use it to water the lawn for the purpose accelerating growth herbs.
With a lack of nitrogen, the plants turn yellow, become thin and weakened. However, it is not recommended to abuse this fertilizer, as it accumulates in the soil and subsequently negatively affects the condition of the lawn.
Very often, when feeding the lawn, gardeners make mistakes that have a detrimental effect on its condition. The most common ones are:
It is not recommended to go out on the lawn within 24 hours after application.
For the correct feeding, it is necessary to consider:
Considering all the recommendations for lawn care, it is not difficult to maintain it in proper condition.
Complex fertilizer for seed nutrition and growth improvement.
Complex fertilizer for planting a lawn in the spring and feeding in the summer.
Complex fertilizer for flowers and garden plants.
Complex fertilizer to improve growth when laying in the autumn.
Mineral fertilizer containing, in an assimilable form, the main nutrients necessary for the growth and development of plants.
Complex fertilizer for flowers and gardens in the autumn.
Complex fertilizer for feeding all indoor plants, vegetables, flowers and seedlings.
Complex fertilization, feeding of all types of plants.
Mineral fertilizer that stimulates active plant growth.
Mineral fertilizer, used for peat, poor in potassium and phosphorus soils.
It is used on all soils as the main pre-sowing fertilizer.
Mineral fertilizer that stimulates active plant growth.
Even at the stage of laying the lawn, pre-sowing feeding of the lawn is carried out. In the future, it must be fertilized in each growing season:
Ready-made mixtures are very convenient for feeding lawns. In addition to the main nutrients, they also include microelements. On sale you can find a special spring-summer and autumn fertilizer for the lawn. Manufacturers change the ratio of macronutrients depending on the needs of the lawn grass in each period.
ON THE PICTURE: Ready-made lawn fertilizers are divided into universal, for all types of lawns, and special, for example, for sports or parterre lawns.
In this way spring-summer feeding provide:
In turn autumn fertilizers:
All autumn fertilizers should contain 2-3 times less nitrogen, with increased values of phosphorus and potassium.
ON THE PICTURE: The manufacturer and the beauty of the packaging are not so important as the data on the amount of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K) indicated on it. The autumn fertilizer from Buiskiye Fertilizers has a formula of 2: 5: 10, and the spring fertilizer from Fasco under the Terrasol brand is 20: 9: 10.
Mineral fertilizers for the lawn can be applied in several ways:
The lawn needs feeding for almost the entire season. But the most important thing is autumn fertilization of the lawn, since frosts can be quite severe. In order for the grass to successfully overwinter and grow further, it needs to be well “fed” before that.
The first nomination includes nitrogen-containing products for garden and indoor flowers.
The rating opens with a universal fertilizer from Soyuzkhim, which has a powerful anistress effect. It is ideal for ornamental and indoor plants. In addition to nitrogen, the composition includes copper, manganese, sulfur, magnesium, amino acids, iron and boron. The nitrogen concentration is 41%. This amount is sufficient for complete flower care.
The drug is used for root and foliar dressing. The fertilizer is available for sale in specialized stores and for ordering on the Internet. Buyers note that the visible effect occurs after 2-3 uses. A 0.25 liter bottle costs about 90-100.
Next in the ranking is a microbiological fertilizer, which was created specifically for orchids. It is distinguished by its natural composition and fully provides the soil with nitrogen. The formula includes soil bacteria in a liquid medium. As a result, the quality of the soil improves, the phytopathogenic microflora is suppressed.
According to reviews, plants begin to actively grow new leaves and roots. The concentrate is sufficient for at least one hundred liters of working solution. The drug costs about 100 rubles.
Fertilizer "Azotovit" from the company "Industrial Innovations" is specially made for the correct development of garden flowers. It contains all the nutrients you need.
The advantages of the product include the ecological purity of the drug, increased plant immunity, protection of roots from pathogenic microflora. The liquid composition is easy to use and belongs to the 4th hazard class (not very dangerous). A 0.22 liter bottle costs 120 rubles.
Complex, organo-mineral fertilizer for the lawn OMU Fertika spring-summer is produced in the form of granules. Designed for planting a plant in spring and subsequent use in the summer. The mixture in the bag is prepared in a ratio of 15: 2: 3, where nitrogen 15%, phosphorus 2%, potassium 3% and additionally humate 18%. Produced in original packaging with a volume of 10 kg. Not recommended for use in the cold season. Features of use:
The positive aspects of using fertilizer for the lawn of Fertik's OMU:
Negative sides of using:
1. Compost crop residues
It is better not to burn anything, but to return to the soil at least some of the nutrients that have accumulated in the tops and leaves. The composted plant residues will serve as an excellent natural fertilizer in spring for all summer cottage plantings.
In order for the compost to mature faster, it is necessary to keep it moist, and periodically shovel the compost mass for air access.
2. Leave fallen leaves under the trees
Just leave the leaf litter under bushes and trees until spring. This is a natural root shelter and a useful fertilizer for the soil (in the spring you get humus that you dig up from the ground).
Use healthy or slightly damaged leaves. Those that are infected with dangerous diseases and pests, it is still better to burn and remove from the site.
3. Apply fertilizer to the trunks
Fertilizers are placed under trees and shrubs around the trunks in the crown projection. Choose organic fertilizers that are not washed out of the soil by autumn rains and thawed spring waters.
Top dressing is applied evenly with incorporation into the root layer. This is especially important for phosphate fertilizers. The fact is that phosphorus in the soil is in a sedentary state and is not washed out into the lower layers. If phosphorus is in the ground farther than 5 cm from the active zone of the root, its entry into plants is hindered.
4. Combine dry and liquid fertilization
When plants need ambulance, it is better to use foliar feeding. Spraying over the leaf will allow nutrients to reach the roots faster.For such dressings, use fertilizers that are readily soluble in water.
5. Observe the recommended doses of fertilizers
The package always contains the fertilizer consumption rate, which will optimally improve the condition of the soil and plant.
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