Daffodils are one of the most unpretentious spring flowers. They are called plants for the lazy - they are resistant to diseases, frost-resistant, undemanding neither to the composition of the soil, nor to its moisture level, nor to lighting. And this despite the fact that they are beautiful, and some even have a subtle honey aroma. That is why a rare garden does without these beautiful spring flowers. Daffodils reproduce simply and quickly by babies - young bulbs, which are separated from the mother's bulb.
You can dig up daffodils and divide their nests annually, or you can do this once every 3-4 years. These flowers are planted in autumn.
When to plant daffodils outdoors in the fall? What month to plant daffodils? On average, the planting time for daffodils is the interval between the second half of August and the second week of September, although in fact the timing of planting daffodils depends on the climatic conditions of the region and the weather, therefore, they may shift. The main condition that determines when to plant daffodils before winter is the soil temperature in the range of 8-10 ºC, which lasts at least two weeks. With timely planting, the bulbs should have time to form roots before freezing the soil, but they should not start growing.
For example, planting of daffodils in the fall in the Moscow region is carried out from August 15 to September 15, since it is at this time in the middle lane that the soil temperature reaches the desired level.
At the same time, daffodils are planted in the ground in the Leningrad region, although you can start planting a little earlier - from the second decade of August. Here again, it all depends on when the soil temperature drops to the thermometer mark of 8-10 ºC.
Planting of daffodils in the fall in the Urals, which one witty gardener called "the land of evergreen tomatoes", has been carried out since the first days of August. But if the autumn is warm, you can plant the bulbs at the same time as in the middle lane.
Planting of daffodils and tulips in autumn in Siberia is carried out from August to September, and at what dates to do this, be guided by the soil temperature and the weather forecast.
Planting a daffodil in the fall is preceded by site selection and soil preparation, which must be carried out in the summer. Loams are most suitable for daffodils, although they grow on other soils. The optimum soil acidity for daffodils is pH 6.5-7.0. On sandy soils, the bulbs gradually become small, and then flowering ceases altogether. In addition, sandy soils freeze deeper, which can lead to the death of bulbs in winter. But if the soil in your garden is cultivated, it is not difficult to prepare it for planting daffodils.
Humus and clay are introduced into sandy soil, and sand is added to heavy clay soils at the rate of 20 kg per m². Organic matter - humus, compost or rotted manure - is brought under digging to a depth of 25-30 cm at least three months before planting, that is, in spring or early summer. Humus will need about 15 kg, manure - 20 kg per m². Fresh manure can be applied to the soil no later than a year before daffodils are planted.
If you want to set aside a small area for daffodils, you can simply remove the top layer of soil in this place and replace it with special soil, bought in the store or compiled yourself.
When you divide the bulbous nest of daffodils, then the planting material you get is of various sizes or, as experts say, of different analyzes. Planting depth is determined by the size of the bulb, making up three heights. That is, above the bulb placed in the ground, there must be a layer of soil equal to two heights of the bulb. For large bulbs of a daffodil it is 15-20 cm, for small ones - 10-15 cm. However, there are some nuances of immersing the bulbs in the soil, allowing you to influence the flowering time and the rate of reproduction of daffodils.
For example, in order for the daffodil to bloom earlier, and its bulb is overgrown with the maximum number of children, you need to plant the bulb a little smaller than the formula should be. If you want the flowers to open later and the babies do not grow as quickly, plant the bulb a little deeper than recommended. For those who are interested in the flowering of daffodils, it is better to plant the bulbs of the "extra" class, that is, large ones, and children are more suitable for reproduction of rare varieties.
So, in the spring you chose a sunny or semi-shady area, prepared it for daffodils, and now it's time to plant them in the ground.
How to plant daffodils? Dig holes in accordance with the size of the bulbs at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other if the planting material is large, and 7-10 cm if you are planting children. Place a layer of sand on the bottom of each hole, then spread the onions in them, bottom down, and lightly press them into the sand to make sure there is no void under the bottom. Sprinkle each bulb with wood ash, then fill the hole with soil by half, and fill the remaining space of the hole with the same soil, but with the addition of a complex mineral fertilizer with a predominance of phosphorus and potassium in an amount half the amount required by the instructions. If the weather is not rainy, water the area abundantly.
Autumn planting of daffodils is carried out in late summer or early autumn, and caring for planting bulbs before the onset of cold weather should serve one purpose - the formation of roots in daffodils. It is no longer necessary to apply top dressing to the soil - when preparing the site and planting, you applied a sufficient amount of fertilizer.
Watering the daffodils is carried out as the soil dries, but if it rains, then it’s time to worry about the bulbs not getting wet, therefore, with too heavy precipitation against the background of a cold snap, it is better to temporarily cover the area with daffodils with a film. In dry autumn, water the daffodils as needed and loosen the soil from time to time to break up the crust that forms on the soil.
Daffodils need shelter in winter, especially in areas where frost is common. At the first frost, carefully loosen the soil in the area with daffodils, and then mulch the surface with a layer of peat, dry leaves, straw, sawdust or wood ash 10-15 cm thick. Or cover the planting with lutrasil or spunbond.
In one place, the daffodil grows up to five years, but then its bulb must be removed from the soil, the children must be separated from it and planted. Sometimes this needs to be done once every five years, and sometimes more often, because the growth and development of plants depends on many factors. However, experts say that it is not worth dividing the bulb earlier than three years later. If you notice that your daffodils have grown a lot and began to bloom worse, these are sure signs that it is time to replant them.
When to transplant daffodils - in the spring or in the fall? It is more correct to do this after the daffodils have faded. But not immediately, but only when the leaves of the flowers turn yellow and fall, and this happens to daffodils closer to the middle of summer.
As soon as the compact daffodil bushes begin to disintegrate, remove the bulbs from the ground with a small fork, trim off any remaining stems and leaves, and place them in a dark, dry place to dry. When the bulbs are dry, clean off the earth from them, carefully separate only those children that easily walk away on their own, discard sick, deformed, soft or diseased bulbs, and rinse high-quality ones under running water, pickle for 10-15 minutes in a strong solution of potassium permanganate dark pink and put back to dry in a dry, dark place with a temperature not exceeding 25 ºC and good ventilation, and then store.
When to transplant daffodils in the fall? August to October. The transplant is carried out in the order already described by us on the site prepared in advance. You also know how to cultivate the soil for daffodils.
If you dug up daffodil bulbs in July, and you will only need to plant them in the ground in September or even in October, the question arises of how and where to store them before planting. And this question can become a problem. The fact is that narcissus bulbs are poisonous - during storage, they emit gas, from which the bulbs themselves can suffer in a room without ventilation. Therefore, put them in a box and keep somewhere in the garden under a canopy, in the shade.
If, for some reason, you decide to postpone planting daffodils in the spring, you will have to store the bulbs throughout the winter. It is best to find a place for them in a gloomy room with a temperature of 10-12 ºC and an air humidity within 70%. Arrange the bulbs in a single layer on a wooden shelf or drawer and try to inspect them weekly for rot or other disease.
If you find white or yellow spots on the bulbs, as well as a bad smell, immediately get rid of such planting material before the infection spreads to adjacent bulbs. Soft bulbs must also be removed.
Don't worry about the fact that daffodils can harm rodents - as already mentioned, these are poisonous flowers, and they can fend for themselves.
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It is impossible to imagine a spring garden without flowering delicate daffodils. The bloom of these sunny, bright yellow and dazzling white flowers heralds the arrival of spring. Their grace and delicate enchanting aroma have long won the hearts of connoisseurs and lovers of natural beauty. After all, it was not for nothing that even in ancient times people sang this fragile beautiful flower, considering it a love talisman. Different peoples of the world have many rituals, holidays and ceremonies associated with the narcissus.
There are many varieties of daffodils - more than thirty thousand.
This flower is easy to grow, it is important to plant the bulbs correctly and find a suitable planting site.
Planting dates for daffodils are from late August to November. But you can plant daffodils in the spring in open ground.
How deep to plant daffodils depends on the type of soil and the size of the bulbs:
When planting daffodil bulbs, the optimal distance is 10-15 cm.
These flowers can be planted next to other ornamental plants, they have no special requirements for neighbors.
Interesting fact. Narcissus was once considered a weed. It gained great popularity only in the 20th century.
Usually, a narrow hole is dug with a small spatula in the ground to the measured depth and the bulbs are placed in it with the roots down.
When planting, avoid squeezing the bulbs with sharp tools that can cut the peel. It is better to dig a hole deeper and loosen the soil at the bottom, so it will be easier for the roots to penetrate deeper. Ideally, top the bulbs with a mixture of earth, peat, bark or sawdust.
Immediately after planting daffodils in the fall, the bulbs should be watered to accelerate root growth. If September is dry, after a week the garden should be watered again and again until mid-October.
Most daffodils grow well in lawns or meadows, in wet areas. This flower is very different from other bulbous plants. It grows on almost any substrate.
They like fertile soil, but they also tolerate medium. A slightly acidic or neutral reaction (pH 6-7) is preferred, but there are varieties that require a slightly alkaline soil. The plant grows well in humus, moist soil. It is adapted to dry, short growing seasons.
The flower loves sunny and slightly shady places. This is a fairly resistant plant, so it can be left without transplanting for several years.
These flowers can be planted outdoors, in pots, boxes, on the lawn, in rocky gardens - they grow almost everywhere except in full shade.
With plants such as daffodils, planting and nursing outdoors can be unsuccessful due to pests or disease outbreaks - fungal and bacterial rot, fusarium wilting, onion mites, and onion or daffodil fly larvae. These diseases and pests worsen the general condition of daffodils, weaken them and can lead to the death of the plant.
It is necessary to start the fight against diseases immediately after flowering - daffodils are treated with a solution of copper sulfate (100 g of crystalline powder is diluted in a bucket of water), the consumption of funds is 1-2 liters per 10 m2. You can also use the antifungal drug HOM, which is diluted in water at the rate of 40 grams of powder per 10 liters of liquid. Consumption as when using copper sulfate.
Daffodil pest control should be started before flowering. When the buds appear, the plants are sprayed with Fitoverm diluted in water in a proportion of 1 ml of the product per 1 liter of liquid, and the resulting solution needs to be consumed per 10 m2. After the end of flowering, you can reduce the likelihood of damage to the bulbs using mustard powder and ground red pepper - they are scattered over the soil surface and embedded to a depth of 3 cm.
You need to deal with bulb pests before you store the daffodil bulbs in the refrigerator. To do this, during drying, they are fumigated with smoke from the FAS, Climate or Vista checkers.
Unpretentious and magnificent daffodils, planting and caring for which in the open field do not cause difficulties even for novice flower growers, can grow in one place for up to 4 years. So that they do not lose their juicy color and smell fragrant, very little is needed - care, attention, little physical effort.
Daffodils are primroses. They appear in the garden very early, along with crocuses, hyacinths and tulips. The plant itself is quite unpretentious, but if you do not have enough time to provide the flowers with good care, then it is better not to decorate your site with them. The point is that only if the narcissist is properly cared for can he grow up the way he should be.
Particular attention should be paid to the choice of the site on which the daffodils will grow. It must be absolutely sunny, the soil needs good water and air permeability. The culture grows best of all on neutral loam, into which humus or compost was introduced for digging, please note that manure cannot be used as fertilizer. Too alkaline soil is corrected by introducing dolomite flour into it (per 1 m 2 of a plot of 200 grams), while wood ash is introduced into too acidic soil (per 1 m 2 1 tbsp.).
Lilies, tulips and other bulbs, as well as perennial asters, chrysanthemums and phlox are considered bad predecessors of daffodils. But the area where legumes, peonies, cereals, nightshades and cucumbers were previously grown is perfect for growing such a flower crop.
Planting bulbs in open soil is carried out after warm weather is established. In spring, most specialized stores sell stale goods very cheaply, so the gardener has the opportunity to purchase bulbs of rare varieties of daffodils for a pittance. However, when choosing planting material, it must be borne in mind that the bulbs should not be weakened or soft, since there is a high probability that they will not sprout. However, if they do grow up, they will have to provide very good care. The best time to purchase planting material is 3 months after flowering. Experts advise against buying bulbs:
Before proceeding to planting, it is necessary to inspect the bulbs, while removing all those affected by the disease, excessively soft, with a diseased bottom or injured. The planting material that will pass the selection must be disinfected, for this it is immersed for 30 minutes in a solution of potassium manganese (1%) or a fungicidal preparation (3%).
So that planting daffodils in the fall in the ground is not difficult, you will need to prepare well the planting material, as well as the place where this beauty will bloom in the spring. First of all, choose the right place and remember that after 3-4 years they need to be transplanted again. Only in the case of correctly chosen timing of transplantation and care after disembarkation, it is possible to provide an excellent view of the site in the spring. It is not recommended to replant daffodils in spring, as they will not have time to prepare for flowering. And in the fall, at the right time, the flower will take root perfectly and will have time to get stronger before spring.