Pachira aquatica is a tropical plant from the genus Bombax or Baobab. Its homeland is the marshy regions of South and Central America. Its second name is Guiana or Malabar chestnut. Pakhira water is also known as nut-saba. You can buy this plant on the market under the name money tree or Chinese tree. This unique tree, due to the peculiarities of the shape of its stem, has another name - the bottle tree.

Description of the plant

Pakhira aquatic can grow up to 20 meters in height. This tree stores water between bark and wood. The barrel is shaped like a bottle and expands closer to the root. The trunk is covered with smooth leaves growing on long cuttings. Smooth green bark can be seen on the cuttings. The flowering period of pakhira water begins in June and ends in November, but with proper care, this period can last all year round. During flowering, pakhira aquatic does not shed leaves, as some of its relatives do.

Flowers are arranged on a long panicle, up to 35 cm in size. The size of flowers can reach 10 cm in diameter. The colors can be completely different: from white to pink or pale green. The scent of flowers is reminiscent of vanilla. There are many stamens on the flowers.

After the fruit ripens, they split in the center and you can see the seeds. Each fruit, 10 to 20 cm long, contains 10 to 25 seeds. They are also called nuts because they are covered with a tough brown skin. Nuts are absolutely edible. They can be used to grind flour and bake bread. In addition, they can be eaten in any form: boiled, fried, or raw. Not only that, you can also eat leaves and flowers, and drinks that taste like chocolate are made from nuts.

Pakhira in East Asia

In this part of the world, pakhira is more called a money tree. In Japan, this tree received the status of a decorative tree for a long time. Several trees were first cultivated in 1986 by a single Taiwanese driver, after which it became quite popular in Japan. Subsequently, this status of the money tree spread to all of East Asia. This tree is grown in various enterprises, farms, as well as private estates, as it symbolizes the accumulation of capital. This tree can be found with various elements on it, including red ribbons. The Taiwanese economy exports $ 7 million worth of pakhirs annually.

The tree can be grown both from a cuttings and by sowing seeds. Pakhira can grow alone. This plant begins to strengthen and bush when it begins to reach the ceiling. On sale you can find several pakhira trees woven into one piece. Unfortunately, these are expensive specimens, since it takes a certain amount of time to create such masterpieces. Pakhira is widely used to create miniature trees (bonsai).

Feng Shui Pakhira

Feng Shui masters associate pakhiru with good luck, material well-being and health that this tree brings to the house. Each finger of a pakhira leaf, and there are five of them, symbolizes natural elements - metal, water, fire, earth and wood. It is generally accepted that with the formation of the next pakhira leaf, the wealth of the family increases. The presence of this tree in the house contributes to the formation of a special aura, which enhances the effect of positive and weakens the effect of negative energies formed on the principles of feng shui.

Pakhira care at home

Location and lighting

Pakhira, as a representative of the tropics, needs good lighting. It is able to withstand for a short time without the consequences of direct sunlight, but more "responds" to diffused bright light. With a lack of illumination, the plant loses its decorative properties. Feels good on the west or east side of the house. It can grow on the south side, but with a high intensity of sunlight, it requires shading.

In the summer, pakhira can be taken out into the open air. To do this, you need to find a suitable place: without drafts, sun rays and rain. Starting in spring, the plant is gradually accustomed to the increasing amount of light, otherwise the tree can get sunburn.

Temperature

In spring and summer, the optimum temperature for growing pakhira is 20-25 degrees. With the onset of winter, the temperature of the content can be reduced to 14-16 degrees. In winter, pakhira should not be placed near radiators and heating appliances. To prevent the tree from getting sick, it should not be placed in places where there may be drafts.

Air humidity

Pakhira is not critical of air humidity and easily tolerates the dry air of modern apartments. However, daily spraying with settled and soft water will only benefit. At the same time, it is necessary to control the watering process so that water does not stagnate on the trunk. Excessive moisture can lead to decay.

Watering

During the period of active growth, pakhira must be watered abundantly, otherwise its leaves begin to fade. Watering is done with warm rainwater. In winter, watering should be limited or stopped altogether, as the tree may begin to rot. The next watering is carried out when the topsoil dries up. Tray watering is not practiced.

The soil

The optimal composition of the soil for growing pakhira has the following ratio: 1 part - leaf land, 1 part - sod land, 1 part - sand, 0.5 part - brick chips. You can use a ready-made mixture for palm trees and dracaena. It is very important to take care of good drainage at the bottom of the pot.

Top dressing and fertilizers

During the period of active growth, pakhira must be fed with mineral fertilizers no more than once a month.

Transfer

Young trees are transplanted annually on a mandatory basis. To do this, take pots with a diameter 4-5 cm larger than the previous ones. Mature trees are transplanted as needed. Transplantation is carried out in March-April, when the plant is still dormant. Since the roots are not large, the pots are not used deep.

Pruning and shaping the crown

The ratio of the diameter of the pachyra trunk and its height depends on the watering and the tree's exposure. The more abundant watering and less light, the more the pakhira stretches and becomes similar to an ordinary thin-stemmed tree. In order for the plant not to stretch upwards, pruning should begin in spring. At the place of the cut, the pachira branches out and becomes more luxuriant. As a rule, they try to give the crown of a pakhira the shape of a ball or an oval.

It is very common to find a pakhira with several intertwined trunks. It usually takes more than one year to form such a tree from several seedlings. On sale, these trees cost a lot of money.

Reproduction of pakhira

Water pakhira can be propagated in two ways: by seeds or by apical cuttings.

For sowing seeds, you need to prepare pots with ordinary soil. The soil temperature should be in the range of 25-30 degrees and have uniform moisture. Only fresh seeds are sown. Stored seeds do not germinate well. A wide groove is made in the ground, where the seeds are poured, after which they are moistened with warm water. After that, the pot is covered with plastic or glass. The seeds will sprout in about 3 weeks, but before this period you need to regularly air the seeds and remove excess moisture.

Cuttings are harvested at the end of summer and planted in a humid environment consisting of a mixture of peat and sand. The temperature regime is the same as when sowing seeds. You need to cut off the cuttings that have the mark. If it is warm and there is enough moisture, the cuttings will definitely take root.

Growing difficulties

  • Pakhira aquatic does not tolerate drafts or wind, therefore, it must be placed in well-protected places.
  • If the plant does not have enough moisture, then it can shed its leaves.
  • If watering is not correct in the cold season, rotting of the roots or trunk is possible.
  • If the tips of the leaves turn brown, it means that the tree is not watered enough, especially in very dry air.
  • Curling of leaves is possible with a large temperature difference between day and night.
  • When placing a tree in the shade, the loss of its decorative effect is possible: the stem is pulled out, and the lower thickening disappears.
  • When dry light spots appear on the leaves, which indicates a sunburn, the pakhir needs to be shaded.
  • If the air is too dry, a spider mite or scabbard attack is possible.

If you follow all the rules for caring for water pakhira, then this decorative tree will delight you with its beauty for a long time.


Pakhira - the intricacies of growing mini-baobab

The Pakhira flower, or bottle tree, in common people, is a fairly easy-to-care plant that allows its appearance to ennoble any living space.

  1. Characteristics of the variety
  2. External description
  • Varieties
  • Pakhira water
  • Pakhira silver
  • Round-leaved pakhira
  • Purchase and adaptation
  • Home care
  • Seat selection
  • Illumination
  • Humidity
  • Temperature
  • Soil selection
  • Watering
  • Fertilizers and feeding
  • Planting and transplanting
  • Pruning
  • Decorative trunk shaping
  • Reproduction methods
  • Seeds
  • Cuttings
  • Growing errors
  • Diseases and pests
  • Useful videos
  • Pakhira - the intricacies of growing mini-baobab


    Features of the habitat of pakhira and a description of the appearance of the plant

    Pakhira, a member of the Bombax family, is found naturally along the shores of lakes and estuaries in the tropical forests of South and Central America, in particular Mexico, Brazil and Peru.

    In nature, pakhira is a tall tree with a spreading crown.

    The pakhira has a magnificent crown, thanks to which the plant began to grow indoors to decorate the interior. Leaf blades on long petioles have a very beautiful emerald color and a complex "finger-like" shape.

    The leaf is divided into several segments, which are arranged symmetrically and are connected at the petiole. The surface of the leaves, the size of which in the wild reaches 40 cm, is glossy. Outwardly, they resemble a chestnut, therefore pakhira is often called Guiana or Malabar chestnut among the people.

    Pakhira is a bottle tree. There is a thick caudex (thickening) at the bottom of the trunk. During the rainy season, the plant stores moisture and nutrients in the cavity between the wood and bark, which causes the trunk to swell into an unusual bottle-like shape.

    Young shoots of pakhira are very flexible, this feature is used by flower growers to give the tree the desired shape. Three or four plants are planted in a container, the lower leaves are cut off, the trunks are twisted into a pigtail or twisted into a bundle. Pakhira also makes a very spectacular bonsai (thanks to its thick bottle-shaped caudex and protruding roots).

    Pakhira is a "bottle tree"

    Another feature of pakhira is the system of so-called walking roots, characteristic of trees growing in swampy areas. The roots protrude above the surface of the soil, which helps the pahira to escape from waterlogging and decay.

    The pakhira got its name thanks to Jean Baptiste Christian Oble, a researcher of South American fauna and flora. Translated from French "pakhira" literally means "fatty".

    Pakhira blooms very effectively, but this can only be achieved in greenhouse conditions.

    The color of flowers in different types of pakhira can vary from white to scarlet. They can be creamy, greenish, or pale pink. A whole bouquet of stamens grows in the center, thanks to which the flower looks airy. The pakhira scent is also delicious, it has a pleasant vanilla scent.

    The fruit of the tree has a brown tough skin and an elongated shape.

    The fruits of the tree are elongated berries with a brown tough skin. They are quite large, reaching 25 cm in length. South American aborigines eat them. The fruit is used to make bread and brew a drink that tastes like cocoa.

    Another nickname for pakhira is “money tree”. The plant is believed to help improve the financial situation of its owner. Believe it or not - everyone's personal business, but the fact that pakhira purifies the air in the room, saturating it with oxygen and ozone, is a proven fact.

    Home flowers: pakhira - video

    Popular species in home floriculture

    Under natural conditions, about twenty species of pakhir grow. However, in the collections of florists, only one is usually found - pakhira water, since this is the most unpretentious tree. In greenhouse conditions, silver and round-leaved pakhira is grown.

    1. Pakhira aquatic (aquatic) grows up to three meters in height, forming a gorgeous crown with a diameter of 1.5 m. It blooms with white or pale yellow flowers.
    2. A distinctive feature of the silver pakhira is the stripes on the leaf blades, shining silver in the sun and forming an expressive pattern.
    3. The round-leaved pakhira has rounded leaves slightly pointed to the tip. Shoots in natural conditions are thin and spread along the ground. Indoors, this type of pakhira can be grown as an ampelous plant.

    Pakhira in the photo

    Pachyra stems are so flexible at a young age that they can be braided Pakhira water is most often used in indoor floriculture. Thanks to the unusual shape of the trunk and the "walking" roots of the pachira, you can quickly form a spectacular bonsai

    Home gardening: herb garden, indoor plants and phytodesign trends

    The love for indoor plants has blossomed so much that it has become a trend in interior design. Microgreens on the windowsill, vertical gardening of the balcony and flowers in hanging pots are a source of pride and a fashionable hobby. We have prepared tips for those who want to try their hand at home gardening: where to start gardening at home, how to choose plants for the interior and what trends to pay attention to.

    Spicy greens on the windowsill

    A herb garden can be grown on a kitchen window. Everyone can do it - herbs require minimal conditions: a light windowsill and timely watering. Basil, parsley, dill, cilantro, onion, rosemary, thyme and microgreens can be grown throughout the spring and summer on the window, if the sun looks in there for at least 3-4 hours a day.

    Imagine: for fresh herbs for a salad you need to go not to the store, but to the window

    There are several general principles for growing greenery at home. For planting, you need to prepare a suitable container with a hole to drain the water. This can be a mini greenhouse with peat pots, clay or plastic pots, containers, wooden boxes. Pour drainage at the bottom - fine expanded clay. You can prepare the soil yourself, but it is better to buy ready-made in the store - it already contains the necessary substances. Most often, the seeds require preliminary soaking for a day, for example, on a cotton pad moistened with water. And after planting, it is recommended to cover the container with a film to create a greenhouse effect - this way the seeds will germinate faster.

    How to choose plants for your home

    Many people would like to grow house plants, but are not sure how they will succeed. Succulents are ideal flowers for budding gardeners and those who constantly forget to water them. They grow slowly, take up little space, survive in the shade, and can survive for weeks without watering. And over the past few years, succulents have become a real trend and are used to decorate spaces.

    Beginners will also cope with zamiokulkas, sansiveria, philodendron - for them, rare watering once every 1-2 weeks and diffused sunlight will be enough for them. Household ficuses require a slightly more responsible, but not at all complicated approach. Choose from a variety of varieties to your taste: the classic Benjamin ficus, elastica ficus with dense glossy leaves, or the popular Lirata ficus. And if you feel strong enough, try growing a real banana tree or strelitzia with dense large leaves.


    Briefly about vidhid

    Education is necessary for the ale, ale rosians, without direct changes in the sun. The temperature of the hinge and the flow is calmed down at about 22-24 degrees, and the charge is close to 15. Water Pakhira so that the top ball is irrigated to the soil of the trochus, the charge is watered more later. The sense of the matter is not principled, but rather obscenities to speed up the development and growth of Pakhir. Dobriv should be brought in from the middle of spring to the end of the skin for 20-30 days, and after an hour it will not take an hour to grow. You can carry out a survey of the Zanados in early spring. Pakhira will multiply zhivtsyuvannyam or nasinnyam. Peresadzhuvati is required in the birch, as a necessity. Read the lecture about the look for Pakhir


    A pakhira with intertwined trunks has been living in our office for a year now. This spring, shoots began to appear on its trunk, and the leaves of the crown at the same time become covered at the ends with brown spots and turn yellow. At the same time, the crown stopped giving shoots. How can we help her ?!

    Pakhira (Pachira) is an ornamental tree with a wide crown of leathery finger-like leaves. With proper care, pakhira does not cause much trouble, since it is a rather unpretentious plant. The trunk of pakhira, which belongs to the baobab family, has the ability to accumulate water when over-watered, the roots of the plant suffer. Pakhira grows well in a room in the sun (partial shade is possible), provided that high humidity is maintained throughout the year. In winter, pakhira is kept cool (not lower than 12 degrees), avoiding "cold, wet feet". It is important for pachyra to maintain a moderate moisture content in the substrate.
    When the radiators are operating, when the air in the room in winter becomes very dry and warm, the pakhira begins to lose leaves. Pakhira is transplanted into standard soil in the spring if it is too tall and the "bare" plant is cut off if necessary. From March to August, healthy pakhira is lightly fed weekly with a low concentration of fertilizer.
    To help an oppressed plant, care errors must be corrected.

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    These air purifying houseplants are a great choice for pet owners. You don't have to worry that they will harm your pet.


    Watch the video: Pakhira bujhi maine paii. পখর বঝ মইন পয


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