Care and breeding of nephrolepis at home


Nephrolepis is a member of the fern genus. Some experts attribute him to the Lomariopsis family, others consider him a representative of the Davallievs. However, these nuances for lovers of home flowers are for reference only, and the plant itself is an excellent decoration for a home or office.

Meet Nephrolepis

Nephrolepis is a herbaceous plant that is an epiphyte or grows on the ground. It has an underdeveloped stem that gives short shoots.

Lush green fern will brighten up any interior

This lush splendor is home to tropical climates. In the wild, it can be found in Africa, Asia, America, Australia, even in Japan and New Zealand. Under natural conditions, the fern grows very quickly.

Its long, feathery leaves, called vayami, are collected in a rosette. Vayi can reach 70–80 cm in length.

Contrary to the legends about fern flowers, the plant is non-flowering, propagates by spores, dividing the bush or layering. Spores are collected in groups, forming the so-called sporangia. They look like miniature, at first green raised points, as they mature - brownish fluffy lumps. Located on the underside of the leaves.

Many spores mature in the sporangia of the fern. which will subsequently give rise to new plant colonies

At home, several types of nephrolepis are bred. Among them there are unpretentious ones that do not cause much trouble, there are also capricious fussy choices with which you have to tinker. Which option is preferable - each owner chooses for himself, but in any case, the efforts will be rewarded. A healthy plant extraordinarily enlivens the interior with a cap of lush leaves.

The green mass of the fern not only produces oxygen, but also has antimicrobial activity. Nephrolepis absorbs formaldehydes, xylene, toluene generously emitted by household items from the air.

Indoor types of nephrolepis

There are several varieties of nephrolepis that growers grow as indoor plants:

  • sublime nephrolepis;
  • nephrolepis Boston;
  • nephrolepis cordifolia;
  • xiphoid nephrolepis;
  • nephrolepis Green Lady;
  • Emin's nephrolepis;
  • blehnum, which belongs to the Derbyankov family.

Nephrolepis exaltata (Nephrolepis exaltata)

One of the most common ferns in home breeding. The plant is unpretentious, caring for it will not be difficult. Its long (up to 50–70 cm) green fronds are collected in a lush rosette. Aged leaves turn yellow, dry out before falling off.

Nephrolepis sublime is one of the most common fern varieties

This variety can reproduce both by dividing the bush and by spores. Sublime nephrolepis gave rise to the breeding of a mass of hybrids.

Nephrolepis Boston (Nefrolepis exaltata var Bostoniensis)

A variety bred, as the name suggests, in Boston from sublime nephrolepis. It is distinguished from its progenitor by wavy, twisted leaves. Vayi of this species can reach 1.2 m in length. He gave rise to the development of varieties with complex leaves, consisting of two, three and four leaves grown together. This variety is the most resistant to dry air.

Boston nephrolepis is distinguished by its original wavy leaves

Nephrolepis cordifolia

This member of the family owes its name to the original shape of the leaves on long, growing almost vertically, fronds.

At the sight of the leaves of this variety, the origin of its name becomes clear.

Tuberous formations can be seen on the root system of this species. Sori are attached along the seamy edge of the heart-shaped leaves. This species, like the previous one, reproduces by spores, dividing the bush.

Nephrolepis xiphoid (Nefrolepis bisserata)

The leaves on the fronds of this species are shaped like sharpened swords. Spores are attached to the green leaves on the underside. This plant does not form tubers. A distinctive feature of xiphoid nephrolepis is a lush, reaching 1.5-2 m, crown. Fries of this size make this variety inconvenient for breeding at home in an ordinary apartment. You can meet this giant in greenhouses, winter gardens.

The pointed xiphoid shape of the leaves clearly distinguishes this variety from other ferns.

Nefrolepis Green Lady

A fern variety characterized by a spherical fountain of green pointed leaves. The fronds are densely covered with openwork lobes growing close to each other. The plant is demanding on air humidity.

Strong, lush fronds Green Lady are big lovers of humidified air

Nefrolepis Emina

A low-growing compact plant, the fronds of which are elastic, almost erect. Its second name is Dragon Tail (dragon's tail) or Green Dragon (green dragon). Its unusual curly leaves make it especially attractive. This species grows up to 50 cm

Emin's nephrolepis strikes with elastic fronds covered with curly leaves

Blechnum (Blechnum) is another representative of ferns popular with flower growers, however, of another family - Derbyankovs. In natural conditions, its frond reaches a length of up to 1.5 m. It has earned recognition among lovers of indoor flowers due to its frond covered with green palm-like leaves. With age, the rhizome grows above the ground and changes, becoming similar to the trunk. The plant as a whole resembles a palm tree. This type of fern is capricious and picky about growing conditions and care, but for the sake of such beauty it is worth trying. At home, with proper care, fronds can reach lengths of up to 1 m.

Lignified modified rhizome and frond with long leaves give Blehnum a similarity to a palm tree

Conditions for keeping nephrolepis at home

Keeping nephrolepis at home assumes compliance with certain parameters, as well as care rules depending on the season.

Table: requirements for the content of nephrolepis at home

Fern Nephrolepis in the florarium expositions

Florarium is an original composition of flowers with the addition of various decorative elements, placed in a transparent container made of glass or plastic.

A number of varieties of nephrolepis, due to their compact size, are used in the preparation of compositions for florariums. Bred from Boston nephrolepis, Bostoniensis Compacta is very small in size (up to 40 cm). This feature allows it to be used for growing in florariums. This species is quite unpretentious, in the conditions of a florarium, subject to a high level of humidity and temperature conditions, it will delight the owner with juicy greens. To compose compositions of florariums, you can pay attention to such varieties as Dallas Jevel, Teddy Junior. They are small in size, organically fit into florarium ensembles.

Croton is also perfect for florarium, read about it: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/kroton-kodieum-uxod-za-priveredlivym-krasavcem-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html

Photo gallery: florariums using fern

Planting (transplanting) nephrolepis

The transplant is done in the spring. Young ferns with actively developing roots are recommended this procedure annually, after three years, the transshipment is performed every 2-3 years.

It is not recommended to place nephrolepis immediately in a large pot, since in this case the plants cannot fill the volume sufficient for normal functioning, the moisture stagnates at the bottom, which leads to decay of the roots. The signal for increasing the volume of the pot will be literally the roots of the plant crawling out onto the soil surface. This indicates that the nephrolepis is cramped, it is time to start the transplant.

A dwelling for nephrolepis should be chosen among plastic pots that retain moisture better. In them, the roots will not undergo overdrying. The shape should take into account the peculiarities of the fern root system, which grows to the sides, and does not deepen. Based on this, a not very high, wide container is suitable. The size should take into account the volume of the green mass of the plant so that the pot does not simply turn over.

The fern loves light, fertile soils with an acidity of pH 5-6.5. You can buy soil for planting in a specialized store, there are special formulations for ferns on sale. If desired, it is not difficult to make the mixture yourself. You will need deciduous soil + sand + peat (4: 1: 1). There you need to add crushed charcoal and bone meal in an amount of 1 g for each kilogram of soil mixture.

We transplant:

  1. First, a pot is prepared - it needs to be washed, rinsed with boiling water, wiped dry. Make sure to make holes at the bottom to drain excess water when watering.

    The presence of holes in the bottom of the pot is mandatory - this will prevent stagnation of water in the roots.

  2. With a layer of 3-5 cm, drainage is laid out; broken shards, expanded clay are suitable for this purpose.

    Expanded clay or pebbles are suitable for drainage, you can also take clay shards

  3. Nephrolepis is taken out of the old pot together with the earth, its excess is carefully shaken off. The fern is examined for damage to the root system. Rotten, dead roots need to be cut off, then put the plant in a pot, fill it to the top with soil, gently pouring in and lightly crushing it with your hands. An important point: you do not need to cover nephrolepis with soil to the very leaves, this will lead to decay of the rhizome.

    When transplanting nephrolepis, it is important to follow the necessary recommendations at every stage.

  4. After transplanting, water the plant with water.

The nuances of care

It is not difficult to care for this green miracle. It must be remembered that the plant is native to the tropics. Hence the increased sensitivity to dry air and watering.

Lighting

Nephrolepis is a lover of light, it should be placed in places with sufficient illumination, trying to avoid the sun's rays directly on the plant. Windows facing east or west will do. Nephrolepis feels good under artificial lighting: it can often be found in various offices and institutions where the fern has enough light from lamps that have been working for a long time.

In summer, the green pet can be taken out into the open air, remembering to shade it from the sun to avoid burns.

In winter, there is little light in the premises, so additional lighting will be useful.

Humidity

Native to the humid tropics, nephrolepis requires humid air. Daily spraying with soft (necessarily warm) water will help, and in the summer it must be done in a double volume.

You can put the plant on a moistened pallet filled to the top with some kind of filler (expanded clay, moss). It is only important not to sink the bottom of the pot: it should stand as if it were on a stand. These requirements must be met regardless of the season.

Nephrolepis will gratefully respond to shower procedures. Warm water will not only keep the leaves moist, but also wash away the accumulated dust.

The humidified air is suitable for growing bashful mimosa. Read more about this exotic plant: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/esxinantus-kak-ugodit-roskoshnomu-no-prixotlivomu-krasavcu.html

Top dressing

Nephrolepis needs to be fed depending on the season. In summer - once every 7 days. For feeding, you can take fertilizers recommended for ornamental plants, diluting by half or 3/4 with water.

In winter, fertilizers are used to a minimum, and it is better not to feed at all, since the introduction of an excessive amount of fertilizing during this period can lead to plant disease.

Some mistakes in plant care can have an adverse effect on the health of the plant.

Table: errors in the organization of nephrolepis care

Table: diseases and pests of nephrolepis

Reproduction of nephrolepis

Nephrolepis can be propagated in several ways:

  • disputes;
  • dividing the bush;
  • shoots;
  • tubers.

Reproduction by spores

This method is difficult due to the probable infertility of spores of domestic cultures or the presence in them of inadequate hereditary information about the parent. If there is a persistent desire, you need to do the following:

  1. Carefully separate the ripe kernels with a knife, folding on paper.
  2. Place the spores on the prepared soil. Drainage is required. For the greenhouse, you need to use a plastic container with a lid.
  3. Put the seeds on a moistened substrate and, with a lid, leave in a warm, shaded place.
  4. Ventilate the incubator periodically and moisten the soil. With a successful combination of circumstances, it will take about three months for seeds to germinate. When the sprouts grow up and get stronger, they do not need to be covered.
  5. The shoots that have formed the rosette can be planted.

Disputes of domestic cultures of nephrolepis can be sterile, so this method of reproduction is difficult and rarely used.

Reproduction by dividing the bush

This is the simplest and most common option:

  1. With a spring transplant, the rhizome is divided into several parts. It is necessary that each new bush has a growth point.
  2. Small bushes are planted separately.

Reproduction of nephrolepis by dividing the bush during transplantation is the simplest and most common option

Reproduction by shoots

A hanging mustache that seems to be idle will help to get a new fern:

  1. Leafless shoots must be taken to the side, pressed against the substrate and placed in a separate bowl.
  2. They need to be dug in so that the middle is covered with soil by about 1 cm.
  3. We must not forget about constant hydration.
  4. After two weeks, roots will appear, and then small shoots. When young shoots get stronger, they can be separated from the mother plant and planted separately.

For this method of reproduction, leafless shoots of nephrolepis are taken to the side and in a separate bowl pressed to the ground until rooting

Tuber propagation

Some species form moisture-saving tubers on the roots. They can be clearly seen when handling the plant. This breeding method is incredibly simple:

  1. The tuber is separated from the roots.
  2. Then it must be placed in the finished substrate.
  3. The soil is moistened as usual.

On the roots of many types of nephrolepis tubers are formed, which are excellent for plant propagation.

Plant reviews

Video: caring for nephrolepis at home

Nephrolepis is a very beautiful and unpretentious fern. With proper care, this tropical visitor will delight the host with lush, fresh foliage. This sprawling plant adapts well in city apartments, being a bright decoration of the interior.

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As a diligent student at school, I listened carefully to the advice of teachers. They could not decide in any way where I would be better able to reveal my abilities - physics and mathematics or humanitarian field.

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Growing and reproduction of nephropelis at home, types with photos

One of the most popular plants, nephrolepis, is considered not only beautiful and graceful, but also useful: it humidifies the air and purifies it of formaldehydes and other substances harmful to the human body.

It is also believed that it can take in harmful energy. People with weak immune systems are advised to keep nephrolepis in close proximity.


Brief description of cultivation

  1. Bloom... Such a fern does not form flowers.
  2. Illumination... Sunlight must be diffused. The pot is placed near the window of a western, northern or eastern orientation. The duration of daylight hours required for such a plant is from 14 to 16 hours.
  3. Temperature regime... During the growing season - from 20 to 24 degrees, during the dormant period - about 15 degrees.
  4. Watering... The frequency and abundance of watering is affected by the air temperature in the room.So, the cooler the room, the less water the plant needs. Remember that between waterings, the surface of the soil mixture in the pot must dry out.
  5. Air humidity... It should be elevated. To do this, the bush is regularly and quite often moistened with a spray bottle, systematically arrange a shower and set the pot on a tray filled with wet pebbles.
  6. Fertilizer... Top dressing is carried out in March – September at intervals of 3 or 4 times a month. To do this, use a complex fertilizer for ornamental deciduous plants. If the bushes are warm in winter, then they will need to be fed once every 30 days.
  7. Dormant period... In October – February.
  8. Transfer... Young bushes are transplanted every year, and older specimens are transplanted once every 2 or 3 years.
  9. Reproduction... Such a fern can only be propagated by vegetative methods, namely by shoots, offspring and dividing the bush.
  10. Harmful insects... Aphids, whiteflies, spider mites, root worms and scale insects.
  11. Diseases... The plant can lose its spectacular appearance due to excessively low air humidity or improper care.


Home care

For the fern to feel comfortable, it needs some care.

After purchasing the plant, nephrolepis requires acclimatization, as the conditions in the store are different from those in the house.

For successful acclimatization, a fern needs the following:

  1. After arriving at the premises, the plant must be left on the table for several hours in a wrapper.
  2. After this time, it is required to remove the wrapper and again leave the plant alone in the same place.
  3. If the plant is dry after removing the wrapper, then it is possible to water it a little with lukewarm water.
  4. At the end of the day, nephrolepis can be moved to the place where it will constantly stand.
  5. If the endings of the wai begin to dry out, then it is advisable to put a plastic bag on the plant after spraying with water from a spray bottle.
  6. The fern must be kept under the bag for 2-3 days. After that, it is removed for the day, and at night it returns to the plant again.
  7. After a week, the fern should successfully acclimatize.

2 weeks after acquisition, it is desirable to transplant nephrolepis:

  1. The fern is carefully removed from the transport pot.
  2. Its rhizome is shaken off the substrate, the floristic sponge is removed.
  3. The plant is placed in a permanent pot.

In the future, the fern does not need to be repotted frequently.


Table: mistakes when growing nephrolepis

Watering is regular and moderate, so that the soil does not dry out much, but there is no constant strong dampness in the pot. In ferns, frond grows with their upper part, gradually unwinding. If you damage the top of the frond, then it will stop growing and will gradually dry out.

Natalia Semyonova

https://www.greeninfo.ru/indoor_plants/nephrolepis_exaltata.html/Forum/-/tID/25977

Do not get carried away with watering too much, often the ferns are simply flooded. This is not a marsh plant; the air must also come to the roots. Water regularly, in moderation, the top layer is allowed to dry between waterings, but the water should not stand in the pan. The soil should be evenly slightly damp, not too damp, otherwise it will rot. Usually brown spots from waterlogging. When the fern does not have enough water, the frond brightens, turning from rich green to light green.

Natalia Semyonova

https://www.greeninfo.ru/indoor_plants/nephrolepis_exaltata.html/Forum/-/tID/25977

Nephrolepis are tenacious. I bought it in February, it was badly packed and while I brought it home - it was frozen. After a couple of days I began to turn black. I cut it right at the root, covered it with a bag, it stood in the bag for a long time, but the leaves began to grow, little by little, in February it grew almost as much as it had. So after the transplant, he will recover. I also sprinkled with epin.

MAHA

https://iplants.ru/forum/?showtopic=5459

From young vayam, sometimes it is impossible to understand at all what an adult nephrolepis will look like. I have as many as 4 such adolescents sitting - absolutely the same. But I know that they were taken from different mothers!

Savanna

http://forum-flower.ru/showthread.php?t=246&page=5

And my jade has been freaking out for the third month already - it flies around, dries After moving from a glazed balcony, his life is down the drain! Is it because of the air from the batteries?

Zmeulka

http://forum-flower.ru/showthread.php?t=246&page=5

In the spring-summer period, he loves to eat, weekly fertilizing with either fertilizer for decorative leafy Pokon, or weak organic matter. Sits in a universal soil with the addition of cocoa soil. He likes that the wind blows on his wiki. Somehow this fall I needed his stand and moved it to the coffee table without changing the place. I beautifully scattered my wiki on the table, but after a couple of weeks I noticed yellow leaves on the table. I picked up the fronds, and there I began to dry my lower branches very abundantly. He did not like the lack of air exchange between the wikes. I cut off the affected branches, put them back on the stand and he stopped drying his fronds.

orhidea

http://www.forum.kwetki.ru/lofiversion/index.php/t7129.html

Nephrolepis is a flower for lovers of decorative leaves. It perfectly decorates the interior, purifies the air, but will never please with bright bloom. It is no coincidence that the plant has taken root in various institutions and offices. If you place the fern in a place where a lot of moisture evaporates (near a miniature pool, fountain, aquarium), then care comes down to ordinary watering and rare top dressing.


Watch the video: Fern Time Lapse


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