Mini-interview: Lars Kjellenberg


Lars Kjellenberg, PhD student at SLU / Alnarp, who this spring is defending his dissertation on the project "The hunt for the perfect carrot" about carrot taste.

"I WANT CARROTS WITH VINTAGE CHARACTER!"

What is a perfect carrot?

- A carrot with a crispy, fresh, large and exciting taste that lives on in the mouth. I have set the bar high and hope to experience the perfect carrot before I die!

Why the carrot?

- It is a fantastic crop that can be used for everything. There have been samples and tests for 40 years, and I myself have worked on the project for eight years. I felt that the taste of carrots was getting worse, and wanted to find out why.

What did you come up with?

- That the most important thing for the taste of the carrot is the grower's skill, then what variety it is. Then the year, that is, how the weather was during the growing year, and finally such things as what fertilizer is used and how the carrot is handled. Carrots are stressed by violent shaking, washing and storage conditions, which can give a bitter taste.

What is the carrot of the future?

- I hope that we will be able to buy carrots with character according to their place of cultivation - much like wine.

Do you have your own favorite?

- The old variety 'Kämpe' which is a bit rough and with a lot of character and the newer 'Rodelika' with a large and slightly sweeter taste register. But all carrots taste best if you eat them immediately after pulling them out of the country!


Mini interview: Lars Kjellenberg - garden


Next week it's time for Nordiska Trädgårdar

News from Nordiska Trädgårdar


Trädgårdsmässan Nordic Gardens, 12-15 April, a smorgasbord full of knowledge, inspiration and activities. Among other things, the colony chefs show how to make dolmens and dumplings, landscape engineer Anders Kjellson talks about this year's garden trends and several garden authors present their latest books. Along the Ekostigen at the fair, the children get to learn how life is connected and how crops become food in nature's cycle.

This year's fair offers a packed stage program, which is organized by the fair's partner FritidsOdlingens Riksorganisation, FOR. On three stages Botanisera, Jordnära and Ätbart, visitors get the opportunity to listen to over a hundred lectures free of charge. The lectures are about 20 minutes long.

The Colony Chefs
What do you do with all the chard that grows in the garden? The Italian black cabbage? And all the tomatoes? The colony chefs know. They are not only good allotment gardeners, they are also good at taking care of the harvest in a creative way. On stage, they show how they make everything from dolmens and dumplings to Italian peasant soup. They also give tips on how to flavor the food with delicious herbs and add cucumbers the housewife. The colony chefs are part of the Pepper & Pumpkin network, which consists of colonists in Greater Stockholm. Scene Edible A44: 50,
Thursday 12 April at 12.00, Friday 13 April - 15 Sunday April at 2.30 pm

On scene Edible Potato of the Year is also nominated by Larsvikens Lantbruks AB, Lars Kjellenberg, Sweden's Biodynamic Association, gives tips on how to grow the best carrots and Sara Begner, food inspirer at Coop, talks and cooks under the theme "Do not throw away the food!".

Garden trends and garden writers
On Scene Botanize Anders Kjellson, landscape engineer, presents this year's garden trends. Thursday 12 April at 11 am

Karin Berglund, Norstedt's publisher, tells based on her new garden book “Conversations in the garden with artists, scenographers, authors, musicians, landscape architects. ”
Friday 13 April, 10.30

Inger Palmstierna Norstedt's publisher, current with "The green greenhouse"
tells about how good shrubs and trees form the frame in the garden, provides visibility protection, color and shape, scent, shelter, flower splendor and purifies the air. ''
Thursday 12 April at 12, Saturday 14 April at 14.00

Also on scene Down to earth Several garden books are presented, including Agneta Ullenius, Norstedt's publisher, "Chelsea Flower Show - and other famous English gardens" and Jan Rundgren and Lars Ring author, Bonnier Fakta presents their new garden book, "Växtriket - at skap en en garden".

Ekostigen - for both children and adults
Where does the milk actually come from and how do you make eggs? Along Ekostigen in Barnens Trädgård, all children have the opportunity to find out the answers on their own and play on their own terms. Ekostigen is a fun-filled meeting place and environmental walk where visitors are welcomed into a farm, a household and a shop to learn the food's path from farm to fork.
Stand A35: 40

For times and a complete program, visit www.nordiskatradgardar.se
Nordic Gardens is also available on Facebook.

For more information, contact Lotta Signeul, press officer, e-mail [email protected] or telephone 08 749 43 79.

Colonists who show what you can make from what you grow, both dishes and dumplings and how to dry fruits, candied flowers and more.


It is primarily about things that need to be said about the anthroposophical movement, phenomena in time such as Islam, feminism and questions about existence.

"Someone has to do something, this is pure sectarianism!" The statement comes from an acquaintance who is the head of an environmental organization and who read Environmental news article * on biodynamic cultivation. He has been a great promoter of biodynamic cultivation and has great respect for the anthroposophists' efforts in other areas as well. But now he is disappointed: "You must be ashamed!". In the future, how will he be able to talk well about biodynamic cultivation with colleagues in various environmental organizations?

He has good reason to be appalled. The article describes what the biodynamic preparations consist of. Preparation 502 consists of bladders from red deer that are filled with yarrow flowers and then placed in the sun during the summer and in the ground during the winter and then dug up in the spring. Preparation 505 is made from finely chopped pieces of oak bark that are placed in the skull of a pet, surrounded by peat and buried in the ground in the autumn. Preparation 506 is made from the peritoneum of bovine animals, which is filled with dandelion flowers, which are laid in the ground in winter to be taken up in spring. There are more preparations that are prepared in a similar way.

But the strange thing about this might have been he could have taken if the representatives of the biodynamic cultivation had reasonable explanations. Or behaved in a decent way. But they answer evasively. "We have nothing to hide," says Lars Engström Rosendal Garden, ”but it will be easier to contact the customer if you do not include all the parts ”. There seems to be no argument.

Biodynamic agriculture is declining. The country's largest processors and sellers of biodynamic foods, Saltå mill, has since last summer released the requirement that all grain products must be biodynamic. There is not enough - fewer and fewer growers are switching to biodynamic cultivation while organic farming is increasing sharply. At the same time as Saltå mill is growing, CEO Johan Ununger is therefore forced to be pragmatic: "We simply do not care so much about the biodynamic preparations".

Ununger believes that the difference between the two alternative farming methods is "so small that it is hardly interesting to talk about it". Unlike Ununger, Mona Lostringer Gustavsson means Swedish Demeter Association, which certifies biodynamically produced products, that “it is clear that the preparations work. There is a lot of research that proves this. ” Artur Granstedt on Biodynamic Research Institute agrees: "There is research that shows that they have a statistically significant effect".

Defenders of the superiority of the biodynamic cultivation method always talk about this research, but it is rarely reported - and then only a few experiments that show soil improvement. Bengt Lundegård, who previously researched biodynamic cultivation methods at SLU: “The problem for anthroposophy is that it has not been published scientifically and that their methods have not been adopted by the world of science. It is a holistic method that cannot be compared with accepted scientific methods ”.

Dan Larhammar at the association Science and education which has been critical for many years, refutes the constant claims that biodynamic products have more taste, are more nutritious and have better storage properties: "If a study were to give any such results, they would have a great impact on the research world".

The anthroposophical darkening of the biodynamic methods is a direct consequence of a non-existent leadership. As always in anthroposophical contexts, everyone is set on themselves. If there is a central body, it is mostly concerned with ideology issues and course activities. Very rarely with structuring of the movement and its outward appearance. That no one in the movement can explain the strange presentation of the preparations is one thing. A management worthy of the name had long ago, both internally and out to the media, produced and communicated a number of research reports that clearly show the great difference in the appointment of the preparations. One could then say `we do not understand Steiner's intentions, but they work! ´

Then they had played with open cards. And if the preparations had the fantastic effect that was anticipated from an anthroposophical point of view, the public would probably have had a certain indulgence in the peculiarities. And the environmental manager has not been ashamed.


Mini interview: Lars Kjellenberg - garden


Geraniums that are more wild than tame.



Pelargonium cordifolium grows wild in South Africa. I bought two copies in the store at the show.

Pelargonium ´Deerwood Lavender Lad´

Pelargonium ovale ssp. Hyalinum.

Pelargonium quercifolium - oak-like leaves.

The one who won my heart here was this stinking geranium - Pelargonium papilionaceum.

Large-flowered geranium - Pelargonium grandiflorum.

A geranium that became a favorite was the lemon geranium. Pelargonium crispum.

Helmet geranium - Pelargonium cucullatum ´Flore Pleno´.

Pelargonium hybrid from 1910 - ´Ardens´.

Pelargonium hybrid ldEldstorm´. Hybrid between P. oblongatum and P. fulgidum.

Pelargonium hybrid enRenate Parsley´.

Pelargonium hybrid between P. caffrum and P. ´Diana´.

People at Nordiska Trädgårdar

Hannu Sarenström and Allt om Trädgård's editor-in-chief Viveka Ljungström enjoyed the fair!

I started by discussing guerrilla gardening with the fiery soul behind it tillväxt.org and continued to the stand with carnivorous plants and was delighted by the brutal flowers that were a contrast to everything beautiful and flashy - a bit floral-rock´n role as well.

I had intended to buy Victoria Skoglund's book and first wanted to visit her, but TV4 broadcast live at that time from Zeta's exhibition space, which was by far the fair's most beautiful. But afterwards I bought her very beautiful book A gardener's path and got it signed.

I met All about the Garden gang but missed Annika Christensen again. and had coffee with the journalist Ellen Forsström and talked for a while with Hannu. This fair visit was this time mostly about meeting people and not so much about sniffing at new garden trends. If I had chosen to visit the fair on Friday, I would have been invited to a blog lunch and ended up in a number of different blog meetings. what a shame I missed it.

Victoria live where you study the beautiful Pinus aterWatereri´.

Viveka Ljungström and Ellen Forsström.

I also met Sweden's best garden book author Karin Berglund, it was nice!

Lars Ring and Jan Rundgren has just released the book Växtriket which is about their allotment in Lill-Janskogen in Stockholm which I hastily visited last summer. It may be a longer visit next time.

For many years I have planned to visit Lövstabruk in Uppland but have not had time. Now I met gardener Josephina Wesström Juhlin and we decided that I would visit the park this summer.

I listened to a lecture and that was when Inger Palmstierna told about trees and shrubs. She also said that it is mostly women who are interested in gardening and that men drive ride-on lawnmowers and often drive over the plants that the women have planted.

“Klas Khilberg started the magazine Trädgårdsliv five years ago. Without publishers, sponsors or anyone else behind them.
Now Klas is in its fifth year and continues to deliver Trädgårdsliv, a beautiful and fun-filled garden magazine. We were all impressed when he started publishing the magazine without a publisher behind him, and that he still publishes 4 issues a year. A fiery soul who has gone his own way. ”

Next week it's time for Nordiska Trädgårdar

News from Nordiska Trädgårdar


Trädgårdsmässan Nordic Gardens, 12-15 April, a smorgasbord full of knowledge, inspiration and activities. Among other things, the colony chefs show how to make dolmens and dumplings, landscape engineer Anders Kjellson talks about this year's garden trends and several garden authors present their latest books. Along the Ekostigen at the fair, the children get to learn how life is connected and how crops become food in nature's cycle.

This year's fair offers a packed stage program, which is organized by the fair's partner FritidsOdlingens Riksorganisation, FOR. On three stages Botanisera, Jordnära and Ätbart, visitors get the opportunity to listen to over a hundred lectures free of charge. The lectures are about 20 minutes long.

The Colony Chefs
What do you do with all the chard that grows in the garden? The Italian black cabbage? And all the tomatoes? The colony chefs know. They are not only good allotment gardeners, they are also good at taking care of the harvest in a creative way. On stage, they show how they make everything from dolmens and dumplings to Italian peasant soup. They also give tips on how to flavor the food with delicious herbs and add cucumbers the housewife. The colony chefs are part of the Pepper & Pumpkin network, which consists of colonists in Greater Stockholm. Scene Edible A44: 50,
Thursday 12 April at 12.00, Friday 13 April - 15 Sunday April at 2.30 pm

On scene Edible Potato of the Year is also nominated by Larsvikens Lantbruks AB, Lars Kjellenberg, Sweden's Biodynamic Association, gives tips on how to grow the best carrots and Sara Begner, food inspirer at Coop, talks and cooks under the theme "Do not throw away the food!".

Garden trends and garden writers
On Scene Botanize Anders Kjellson, landscape engineer, presents this year's garden trends. Thursday 12 April at 11 am

Karin Berglund, Norstedt's publisher, tells based on her new garden book “Conversations in the garden with artists, scenographers, authors, musicians, landscape architects. ”
Friday 13 April, 10.30

Inger Palmstierna Norstedt's publisher, current with "The green greenhouse"
tells about how good shrubs and trees form the frame in the garden, provides visibility protection, color and shape, scent, shelter, flower splendor and purifies the air. ''
Thursday 12 April at 12, Saturday 14 April at 14.00

Also on scene Down to earth Several garden books are presented, including Agneta Ullenius, Norstedt's publisher, "Chelsea Flower Show - and other famous English gardens" and Jan Rundgren and Lars Ring author, Bonnier Fakta presents their new garden book, "Växtriket - at skap en en garden".

The eco-path - both for children and adults
Where does the milk actually come from and how do you make eggs? Along Ekostigen in Barnens Trädgård, all children have the opportunity to find out the answers on their own and play on their own terms. Ekostigen is a fun-filled meeting place and environmental walk where visitors are welcomed into a farm, a household and a shop to learn the food's path from farm to fork.
Stand A35: 40

For times and a complete program, visit www.nordiskatradgardar.se
Nordic Gardens is also available on Facebook.

For more information, contact Lotta Signeul, press officer, e-mail [email protected] or telephone 08 749 43 79.

Colonists who show what you can make from what you grow, both dishes and dumplings and how to dry fruits, candied flowers and more.

Room & Garden 2012


At Allt om Trädgård's stand, there were these colorful and beautiful floral works of art.

Everyone knows that Hannu likes to cook.

. and that he also likes Facebook!

Chefs Rune Kalf-Hansen and Hannu take a break in the middle of cooking.

André Strömqvist was not present at my visit, but instead a hard copy. You who have a garden and do not have real control over how you should behave with all gardening - buy André's book, where you will get answers to most things.

The author, journalist and photographer Ulla Hasselmark was present at Allt om Trädgård's stand with her Seed book. It was Ulla who started Allt om Trädgård in 1993.

Comrade Per found a barbecue that he thought was a little too much.

The winners of tickets to Nordiska Trädgårdar

  • Lars
  • Kristina Björk
  • Anki Zaar
  • Maria Bremefors
  • Mariana

Lottery of tickets to Nordic Gardens


Then it was time again friends! This time I am raffling off 10 more tickets Nordic Gardens on April 12-15. There will be five winners who will receive two tickets each. Tickets for the fair otherwise cost SEK 140 each.

The idea gardens at Nordiska trädgårdar 2012

The competition "Idea Garden of the Year" at the garden fair Nordiska Trädgårdar, 12-15 April, shows the latest in plant arrangements and garden design. Visitors are offered several different designs that show evidence of creativity, imagination and practical tips.

11 invited creators participate in the competition "Idea Garden of the Year". The idea gardens are judged by a jury with mixed experience in the horticultural industry. They assess purpose, overall impression, overall design, construction and planting. For the first time, visitors can also vote for a winner. The award ceremony will take place on Thursday 11 April at 12.30 on the middle stage.

Drottningholm Castle Park: For your benefit and pleasure
In the history of Drottningholm's Castle Park, visitors can follow kitchen gardens and a commercial garden side by side with the strict Baroque garden from the 17th century and the freer English landscape park from the 18th century. Here, gardeners have delivered vegetables, flowers and at the same time created a garden for walks and festivities.
Drottningholm's gardener, together with Gunnar Kaj, creates arrangements and scenarios with a focus on the usefulness and pleasure of flowers, vegetables and other plant material from growers in the Mälaren Islands.

Peter Ødegaard: Light and shadow
With pictures and inspiration from Peter Ødegaard's new book - Light and Shadow - he wants to take visitors on a journey. He offers beautiful and inspiring environments from the Italian Amalfi Coast, the jungles of Brazil to the original Swedish. Light and shadow is an outer and inner journey, about longing and about encounters with people and places, but also an invitation to share thoughts and reflections.

Säbyholm's educations: Peace of mind in the garden
Säbyholm's educations are celebrating their 100th anniversary as a garden school by building an idea garden, which will create an environment for the stressed city person. A garden where the visitor can come to peace of mind just by staying there. A garden with relaxing plants in different leaf shapes, different colors of foliage and a dripping sound of a water staircase that runs along the entrance to the sitting area.

Kulturträdgården, Elisabeth Svalin Gunnarsson: In the gardener's footsteps
In the gardener's footsteps, the visitor can follow in the footsteps of the older gardeners and find old knowledge for a new time. Past cultivation methods and clever tricks to extend the growing season are shown here, as well as trellis, how to improve climatic conditions in the garden, water tricks, flower beds and old-fashioned flower arrangements, diversity of varieties and storage and much more.

Other participants are: Zetas Finsmakarens Trädgård, Vigrum Konstform, Rad & Rand, Ray's Perennials, Rölunda Produkter, Skillebyholms Yrkeshögskola and Tage Andersen Gunillabergs Säteri.

Read presentations of more idea gardens at www.nordiskatradgardar.se

Trädgårdsmässan Nordiska Trädgårdar takes place at the Stockholm Fair and is the Nordic region's largest garden fair and is arranged in collaboration with FOR, Fritidsodlingens Riksorganisation. The fair has about 400 exhibitors and over 60,000 garden-interested visitors of all ages and from all over Sweden. Read more at http://www.nordiskatradgardar.se and on Facebook

For more information contact Lotta Signeul, press officer, 08 749 43 79, lotta.signeul @ stockholmsmassan.se

Garden fairs 2012

The list will be filled in as the various events have posted programs on websites and you are also welcome to help fill in the list of garden events. However, I have to limit myself to 25 links because my blogging program does not allow more links in a post.

It feels good to start compiling garden fairs for 2012. As usual, this is my first spring work. The list will be filled in as the various events have posted programs on websites and you are welcome to help fill in the list of garden events. However, I have to limit myself to 25 links because my blogging program does not allow more links in each post.


Homeopathy is subsidized in Sweden!

Thanks for the reply. That the Green Party would be silted up was perhaps not so difficult to sort out. But the fact that they openly support quackery was something new. I wonder what old honest grasshoppers think about late there flummeri.

Otherwise, I thought it would be a little better now that it was forbidden to train Waldorf teachers. But there you see that there is a lot to do.

I think you need to look at the Iron and Mp's history. I would also like to know how much MP Söddertälje has had to say about MP's National School Policy.
The iron seems to be a kind of example of how school policy should be reformed. Or the belly-weight policy that exists in the municipal part. Maybe there's something more than what I find. Here's an Axplock.

First, we take a look at Kulturhuset in Ytterjörna.
Picture 1
Picture 2

We continue with the founding father of anthroposophy and further with what is preached in the Iron

Etc., etc. The whole society seems to be entrenched in anthroposophy. And you should be out early!
Here are some schools for example
www.jarnanaturbruksgymnasium.se
www.mariaskolan-jarna.se
www.orjanskolan.se
Waldorf Pedagogical Preschool Fretet intends to build a new one with room for 45 children
http://lt.se/nyheter/1.700640-ny-for. aneras-i-jarna
Of which 10 primary schools in Jörna are 5 with Waldorf pedagogy, 3 Gymnasium of 5 runs on the same track. I think it was. Has neglected the link.

From the Wiki on Waldorf pedagogy, we can read that children learn.

Back to the Green Party. Here are some candidates from Jдrna, Södertälje.
We begin to Present Raymond Wigg, County Council in Stockholm County (Mentioned in TS's first post)
Born in 1958, 2 years before the first Waldorf preschool in Jörna was formed by a parent cooperative. No long shot that he grew up in the system.
Raymond Waldorf is a professional, he is also a Biodynamic Gardener.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Wigg
http://www.mp.se/templates/mct_177.aspx?number=95638

Ingela Samuelsson Nilsson, Now sits as a regular member of the Board of Education.
As a preschool teacher and special educator, he has worked for the past few years at Tavestaskolan in Jдrna.
http://www.mp.se/templates/Mct_177.aspx?number=185472

Hanna Wallmark, Deputy in the Iron Municipal Board
Are Waldorf teachers or will be.

Selina Nilo, leg physiotherapist.
Selina works with diagnosing, treating and balancing, development and awareness around the body - its functions and the balance between body and soul.
http://www.mp.se/templates/Mct_177.aspx?number=222528
http://jhouse.se/about/house-team/

Torbjorn Linell (Formerly Enoksson) Residing in Mölnbo
Gett at Цrjanskolan, Jдrna.
NO teacher, carpenter, tree trimmer, tree feller at Цrjanskolan, own company Möllnbo.
Guess he is a teacher in Möllbo Vеrdinge By Folkhögskola (Another Waldorf school)
In Mölnbo are also Vörna, the Association for Anthroposophical Medical Education and Social Therapy
http://www.mp.se/templates/Mct_177.aspx?number=202488
http://www.google.com/profiles/dryophila
http://vardinge.fhsk.se/
http://www.varna.nu

Konrad Breidenstei, Chancellery Secretary.
Runs the company Auris AB and Debresk (Pе SkÃve biodynamic Farm).
In his spare time he is at the childhood home (family toy from -67) and helps with the biodynamic garden.

That the Green Party in particular should be immersed in this alternative complex is in and of itself no benefactor, but I have not thought about how close and financially important it can be for a smaller part of a municipality to run quackery as a mysterious pharmacy, pest healing movements and school based on some 19th century spiritualist philosophy.

Particularly frightening that they use this "eurythmy" to cure diseases, and at the same time use it therapeutically in their school. Homeopaths are banned by law from trying to treat cancer, but I guess it's hard to try to ban quackery in general. If people want to die indirectly by refraining from treatment, it is their choice. It is dangerous when it happens against the patient's better knowledge, or when children have been exposed to homeopathy and other nonsense.

Maybe I should write and ask what the Green Party thinks about what is really going on in Södertälje.

Hans Neideman Member of the municipal council and deputy member of the municipal board
Sits in Цrjanskolan, Jдrnas byggnadsstiftelse. Mentioned together with Anders Kumlander (Multi-entrepreneur in Jдrna, also Vidarkliniken) in a comment to the Article - Where has MP
taken the road?

You have the completely red sign "Lost voter"! The Green Party has sold its soul to the devil and 2010 risks becoming the honor of the politicians' contempt to new heights.

I am, of course, thinking of the Green Party's actions regarding the hotel's location in the Nibble area in Jörna. It is a great scandal that Sдby Gеrd should be forced to restrict its expansion plans just because Anders Kumlander and Hans Neideman (MP) can not imagine placing the hotel somewhere else within the Nibble area.

Now our hope stands for Susanne Bergström (S) in this matter.

Andreas Wang Ellefsen Member of the City Council
Trained social therapist

Has a blog where he recommends a Dr. Elisa Liao. Specialist in the treatment of infertility.

Dr. Elisa Liao is trained in both ordinary and traditional Chinese medicine, and has since worked for 17 years as a general practitioner and acupuncturist at a university hospital in southern China. Since she came to Sweden in 1992, in addition to her internship at Södertälje, she also teaches Chinese medicine, acupuncture, Chinese Tuina massage and Chinese nutrition as an associate professor at the Academy of Acupuncture and the Swedish School of Kinesiology.

She is also a specialist in infertility and has helped many couples who, according to school medical examinations, would not be able to have any children at all, but who after some treatments with her had children.

Linda Wang Candidate for municipal council
Profession Graphic designer and has a consulting company in Feng Shui ("Environmental Science") together with my husband

In addition, she has studied courses in medical Qigong with my father who is a Qigong and Royal Master

Auri Neideman, 60, deputy in the working life committee
Profession Waldorf preschool teacher in Jдrna, Married to Hans Neidman

Kerstin Norman 71 Elderly Care Board, regular member
Profession Gymnastics leader. Lives in Jдrna

Södra Health Care Area's Animal Health Ethics Committee, deputy

Here, lay people from the political parties sit down with researchers and veterinarians and review medical research projects that include animal experiments so that these do not become unnecessary or cause too much suffering for the animals.

Bear Waldenstrom, 26, outdoor guide Lives in Jдrna

There is something shady about the town of Jдrna for Knutby vibes.

That the Green Party in particular should be immersed in this alternative complex is in and of itself no benefactor, but I have not thought about how close and financially important it can be for a smaller part of a municipality to run quackery as a mysterious pharmacy, pest healing. movements and school based on some 19th century spiritualist philosophy.

Particularly frightening that they use this "eurythmy" to cure diseases, and at the same time use it therapeutically in their school. Homeopaths are banned by law from trying to treat cancer, but I guess it's hard to try to ban quackery in general. If people want to die indirectly by refraining from treatment, it is their choice. It is dangerous when it happens against the patient's better knowledge, or when children are exposed to homeopathy and other fuffens.

Maybe I should write and ask what the Green Party thinks about what is really going on in Södertälje.

I'm aware that there is a lot of junk food to be found

The Biodynamic Research Institute Foundation

Software Stiftung is mentioned there and the second time I come across it, however, will not find my way back to one.
http://www.software-ag-stiftung.com/de/startseite.html
Run by millionaire Peter M. Schnell
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_M._Schnell

The main example of this is about anthroposophical medicine, also for other areas can make a model. Here should be that conventional medicine and alternative healing knowledge to each other and complement each other would create something new, as in the study of the effective power of cancer used in mistletoe preparations. Here one can not speculate and just believe, but had to empirical norms were raised, with chemistry can be met and spirituality. At these words I had to make Rudolf Steiner think of a synthesis of the temple and called it the laboratory had Goetheanum going.


A prime example of this is anthroposophical medicine, which could provide a model for other areas as well. Here, school medicine and alternative medicine meet something new and in mutual supplementation, something new, something in the research of the efficacy of the mistletoe preparations used in cancer diseases. Here one can not only believe and speculate, but must set empirical standards, whereby spirituality and chemistry could meet. With these words I had to think of Rudolf Steiner, who once called the Goetheanum a synthesis of temple construction and laboratory.


Pilot project, Participant-driven research on experimental farms

1 Pilot project, Participant-driven research on experimental farms Project management: Åsa Rölin Hushållningssällskapet i Värmland Karin Svanäng Center for Sustainable Agriculture, SLU. Participating contact persons: from the Household Society's experimental farms Stefan Lundmark, Hillshög, Maria Henriksson, Lilla Böslid, Jan Jansson, Rådde, Karl Delin, Logården, Per Ståhl, Klostergården and from SLU Lennart Karlsson, Ekhaga. The project was carried out in 2007 and financed by the Ekhaga Foundation Dnr

2 Contents Introduction Purpose and hypothesis 2 Background 2 Materials and methods Description of the participating experimental farms 3 Participant-driven working methods 14 Working meetings at each experimental farm 14 Common field day 15 Participants at work meetings 15 Results Timeline 21 Common rules 22 Brain storm results at work meetings 24 Reporting of group work 35 Final summary and final round, how has the day been.48 Report of field day 54 Evaluation of completed and ongoing projects on the experimental farms 67 Networks between experimental farms in the future 68 Follow-up talks 68 Strategic plan 71 Discussion with conclusion Organic farming on experimental farms 74 How to practically work participant-driven and what participant-driven means 76 Bibliography Publications within the project Appendices 1. Different types of projects that can be financed by different financiers Photo: when nothing else is stated Åsa Rölin 1

3 Pilot project, Participant-driven research on experimental farms Introduction The Ekhaga Foundation has granted funding for a pilot project with the aim of developing the method participant-driven research and development on ecological experimental farms. The time frame was from October 2006 until January The Household Society in Värmland has been project manager with CUL (Center for Sustainable Agriculture) at SLU as a co-applicant. The following six experimental farms were involved in the project Ekhaga experimental farm, Logården, Rådde gård, Klostergården, Lilla Böslid and Hillshög. Aim and hypothesis The vision is to use the ecological experimental farms as local resource centers to create conditions for meeting places between farmers and other actors affected by organic production. One of the aims of the project is for the organic experimental farms to become more active in the regional development of organic production and sustainable food consumption and to function as dynamic meeting places for various actors. A large part of the development work in organic farming is done out on the experimental farms. Knowledge of local and regional conditions is needed to conserve ecosystem resources and to gain a greater understanding of the design of regional food systems. The purpose of the participant-driven approach around the experimental farms is that everyone who meets should work together to improve the situation within a common area of ​​interest that can be important for many actors in the region, in this case organic farming. The project's hypothesis is that the actors involved can develop lasting solutions based on the experimental farm and place them in their local context. The work must be participant-driven in order to obtain permission for more lasting changes and effective dissemination of knowledge. The most interesting questions should be able to be developed into coordinated applications in projects with several experimental farms and participants. The project's goal is to work out a plan for participant-driven research and development on the ecological experimental farms. One hope is that ideas from the pilot project will create collaborations and result in project applications with participant-driven working methods and with the experimental farms as a basis. Background The interest from the experimental farms to work together more clearly with function and collaboration has existed for some time. In June 2006, representatives from a number of experimental farms met at Lilla Böslid to develop ideas for continued collaboration. The working meeting was designed as a workshop where the participants had to give suggestions for ideas and then prioritize the different proposals. The experimental farm function was given the highest priority and was one of the proposals that everyone wanted to move forward with. Central issues for the farms' function were i.a. to meet the needs of the stakeholders and to work more participatively on the farms, and to develop common goals and activities for the farms. A 2

4 steps along the way in this work could be to form a reference group with proposed 5 farmers, 1 experimental leader, 1 advisor and 1 researcher attached to each experimental farm. At the meeting at Lilla Böslid, the process-oriented working method was introduced, as well as several of the issues that resulted in an application to the Ekhaga Foundation, which then granted funding for the pilot project. Materials and methods During the spring of 2007, each experimental farm conducted a workshop. During the field season 2007, a joint meeting was held at one of the experimental farms (Klostergården). This report is a summary of the meetings and discussions that have emerged in the project. The following working group has been included in the project and in the planning around the local working meetings Göran Areskoug and Stefan Lundmark at Hillshög, Maria Henriksson at Lilla Böslid, Jan Jansson and Ola Hallin at Rådde, Karl Delin at Logården, Per Ståhl at Klostergården, Lennart Karlsson at Ekhaga, Karin Svanäng and Karin Eksvärd at CUL, Anders Heimer own consultant and project manager Åsa Rölin at HS Värmland. Description of the participating experimental farms The experimental farms are well located across the country and have extensive knowledge of the local and regional conditions that affect production at each location (CUL, 2006c). Organic production is conducted on all or parts of the area. Hillshög Gården is located near Borrby on Österlen in Skåne and was converted to organic plant cultivation. The area is 28.5 ha. There are no animals on the farm. HS bought the farm Hillshög It is located directly adjacent to Sandby farm which HS previously owned. The manor house at Hillshög was cut off and now the manor house at Sandby base is also for Hillshög. At Sandby and Hillshög, there is a trial patrol and offices for advisers. 3

5 The soils at Hillshög are fertile and easy to use. The soils in the area consist of Baltic moraine. At Hillshög, the soil largely consists of peat and the clay content is%. Conditions on the farm are quite representative of the countryside, however, the soil is slightly lighter than average. At Sandby, there is a Swedish record for wheat harvest in the experiments, corresponding to 14 tonnes / ha. Hillshög can represent a farm on the plain with good conditions. During a period until 2005, there was a lot of activity on the farm when the organic sugar beet cultivation developed. The household company then collaborated with Dansico, SBU and SLU Alnarp. In the development work itself, it was mainly experimental staff, advisors and researchers who participated. But one of the driving forces in the project was himself an advisor, researcher and his own farmer and also had extensive experience of sugar beet cultivation. Farmers in the region have participated in many tours of the farm. The following crops were found in 2007 on the farm oats, peas, white clover, mustard and fallow. In recent years, weeds have increased at Hillshög, especially thistle in the grain and baldersbrå in the clover seed bank. Almost all crops at Hillshög are now seed cultivations. A grass seed day was arranged at Hillshög with participants from all over southern Sweden in 2007. There are three national trials from SLU that deal with weed control and establishment techniques in white clover seed cultivation and cultivation of winter rapeseed in a bed of white clover. Picture. We look at the white clover experiment in connection with the working meeting on 7 May. Photo: Blooming white clover in June. Photo 4

6 The farm is presented on the website of Hushållningssällskapet Kristianstad see further under HS fastigheter or field trials or directly via Bild: Trials with environmentally friendly and sustainable organic and conventional cultivation forms L which started in 1987 and are now in the fourth crop rotation () with focus on vegetables, grass seeds, energy , biogas production and fertilization with digestate. The experiment is available at the Bollerup high school for natural sciences, which is close to Hillshög and Önnestad. Project management and trial execution takes place under the auspices of the Household Society. Lilla Böslid Lilla Böslids is owned by Hushållningsällskapet in Halland and is about 100 ha. Organically grown on 76 ha since the farm is run by Hushållningssällskapet in Halland. Over the years, the experimental staff and advisers have developed the organic farming on the farm and also developed new tools. East of the farm center there is an area with 62 ha of clay soil and west of 14 ha of sandy soil. On the clay soil, malting barley, alfalfa, winter wheat and 1-year-old red clover meadow are grown for seed, which has increased in scope since sugar beet was discontinued. On the sandy soil, spelled, rye and green manure are grown. Plant sequences and cultivation data are carefully documented. Problems with potato leaf mold have meant that potato cultivation has stopped completely. 5

7 Picture: The reference group studies the presence of field mustard at the working meeting. The growth sequences are currently flexible and are being reshaped. Some plots have in 2007 switched to conventional cultivation, these fields will be used for experiments. On two of the conventional parcels, it is planned to invest in equipment for leaching tests. A number of different experiments and demo cultivations in organic farming have been going on since In recent years, several have been about cultural varieties of cereals and weed control. Previously, field trials have been made around e.g. cultivation systems with potatoes and beets, variety trials with cereals and fodder plants, protein crops for fodder, fertilization trials and studies of pre-crop values. Clients for the various projects over the past five years have been HS-Halland, the Swedish Board of Agriculture, SLU and other Household Societies. Previously, various companies such as Danisco, Predator and Gyllebo fertilizer have also been clients. Image: Beam for mowing weeds developed on the farm The field trials are used by the Household Society for production technical advice. The person responsible for the ecological part at Lilla Böslid works as an ecological advisor at Hushållningssällskapet, which provides a good opportunity to both add issues to the experimental farm and spread experiences from the farm to farmers in the region. The household society's offices, experimental department and conference rooms are housed in Lilla Böslid's tastefully renovated old outbuildings. The manor house has been converted into a restaurant and the business is now run on a contract by a private company. 6

8 Logården The farm has been owned since 1942 by Hushållningssällskapet in Skaraborg. Since 1991, all arable land, 60 ha, at Logården has been used for a large plant cultivation experiment, where 20 ha of organic, 30 ha of integrated and 10 conventional plant cultivation are conducted. The ecological part is divided into 7 fields. Logården has been a role model in the region for those who wanted to switch to organic farming. In the beginning, there could be study visits to the farm per year. There are now usually 1-2 eco-field walks per year on the farm and several other activities. The soil type at Logården is clay with a large element of flour that they would like to be without. A lot of precipitation makes the soil compact and in 2003 the whole farm was ditched and then all the area was fallow. Picture. The drainage is laid at 8 meter intervals and each plot is separate so it is possible to measure the flow and take analyzes from the drainage water from each individual plot. The leaching of plant nutrients throughout the year is measured from all fields in 18 measuring wells. In these wells the run-off is registered and there is a flow-proportional collection of water into a can. Every two weeks, the cans are changed and the water is sent for analysis. This provides new opportunities to follow the impact of the various cultivation measures and change the cultivation systems so that they can continue to serve as role models in the future. 7

9 Picture. Through a collaborative project with the University of Gothenburg on nitrous oxide emissions, measuring equipment for nitrous oxide has been installed in 6 fields (4 ecological and 2 IP). Nitrous oxide is measured in envelopes located in gutters with water traps. The amount sucked into the water is measured at 1 hour intervals every 14 days all year round. The farm has its own climate station which is paid for through Västsvenska Lantmän and data is available through the national program Lantmet. Clients and financiers for various projects at Logården include Hushållningssällskapet, Jordbruksverket, SLU, University of Gothenburg, SLU and SLF. Through Hushållningssällskapet's advisory activities, issues are captured from farmers and provide ideas for the experimental activities. The advisers have been very active in the Logård project and have been involved in the development of the cultivation system project and have processed and written reports of experiments and demo cultivations. The results from the experimental farm are then used in the consultation. There used to be pigs, but for a few years now there have been no animals on the farm. Picture. In the yard there is also a pub, Logårdspuben, which is used in connection with study visits and pub evenings during the winter half of the year. A project where the farmers' loneliness problems have been followed up has had the Logårdspuben as a study object. Website for Logården 8

10 Rådde Gård Rådde gård (Sjuhärad in Västra Götaland) is the only one of the Household Society's farms that conducts production and experiments in roughage-based beef production. The farm grows 27 ha conventionally and 53 ha organically and has 45 cows. The precipitation is, as elsewhere in the Sjuhäradsbygden, abundant. The soil type is mainly moraine moa to moraine sand with a few percent clay and with a moderate element of flour. The rock deposit is abundant. The soil content is relatively high. The organic plant and animal husbandry is KRAV approved. The field trials are dominated by crop cultivation trials concerning grassland issues. The crop rotation is three years of grassland, then cereals. The farm's plant and animal husbandry is carefully documented and analyzed via several documentation projects. A long series of experiments in organic farming have been made since Examples of organic experiments that have been on the experimental farm are variety experiments with grass plants, sustainable grass legumes based on problems around clover rot, lady's tooth in cultivation and as fodder, grass as pre-fruit, crop rotation in organic farming, lime experiments to lime , potassium for eco-grasslands, weeding in spring grain, stubble cultivation against turnip, sheep grazing against litter. 9

11 Initiatives and preparation of trial plans for the various projects have been made by researchers at SLU, researchers, advisors and trial staff within the Household Societies, Eco-advisors at the County Administrative Board, Agro Väst's milk program and Lantmännen. Funding for trials, demos and projects has over the years come from EkoForsk, SLF, the Swedish Board of Agriculture, the County Administrative Board via the Rural Program, Trials in the West, the Household Society Sjuhärad, Agro Väst's milk program, Sjuhäradsmat, Sparbanken Ulricehamn, Nordkalk and Gyllebo fertilizer. Picture. Hay harvesting machine. Photo by Maria Larsson. Rådde has invested in the future and built a new test room where all sample handling is gathered. The farm has contributed to nature conservation by creating a wetland of agricultural land, which has become the area's best bird lake. The farm and trial results are presented at Read more under Rådde gård Klostergården Klostergården, which is owned by HS Östergötland, is located in Vreta monastery. The farm is 97.5 ha of arable land and 9.3 ha of pasture and has been used by Hushållningssällskapet since The purpose of Hushållningssällskapet's agriculture is that it should be a resource for field trials and demonstrations and thus contribute to the development of Östergötland agriculture. The ecological part is 43 ha and 10

12 is located around the farm center. Harvests and quality in the organic crops are documented anyway from the start. The farm is the center of agricultural operations and here is also the field trial station for Hushållningssällskapet Rådgivning Agri AB. In the farm center there are buildings for drying and storage as well as offices and meeting rooms for the staff. The farm owns its own machines and even though the machine park is relatively old, it works well and is suitable when you want to vary the cultivation technique, for example with different row distances. The soils are fertile and the soil type varies from loamy mo to loamy loam. Since 1966, fertility trials have been carried out on the farm and even in stages where no plant nutrients have been added, harvest levels are still high. Regular soil mapping shows that potassium and phosphorus levels remain high even in the ecological part, which has been fertilized very sparingly. At Klostergården you have a crop rotation without cattle or manure. Östergötland has many cattle-free farms and therefore it is justified that the farm can also show how such a form of production works.Pure plant farms are also motivated by the need for organic seeds and organic feed grain for the ever-increasing livestock farms that cannot support themselves. Picture. Row-chopped autumn rape. At Klostergården, which has good natural conditions for grain cultivation, it has been natural to look more at income than crop rotation. Most of what is grown is seed crops, except on certain plots that have fly oat problems. The crop rotation in the organic part has been free and based on the crops that have paid the most. The organic cultivation has gone very well and given higher TB than the conventional cultivation during all the years. Some of the plots have therefore had a lot of grain, sometimes 4 years in a row. During the first years of organic farming at Klostergården, the thistle rod could be processed and kept. Then it also happened that the manager drew thistles by hand. The intensive grain cultivation for a number of years has led to the thistle problems in the ecological part becoming very large, especially on the clay soil. This despite the fact that they have been diligent in stump work in the autumns. Organic farmers in the region have similar experiences. As of 2007, it has been decided to radically remedy the weed problems at Klostergården. Thoughts of longer-lasting dikes have been in place, and as a first step, 11 have been planted in a shift

13 white clover grass for seed production. The sowing of the white clover mound has been preceded by double plowing, i.e. plowing both autumn and spring, to weaken the thistle as much as possible. This year's crops at Klostergården were winter rape, field bean and mixed grain sown with white clover for seed. In 2007, row chopping is tried at a 50 cm row distance in field beans. Examples of cultivation technical experiments that have existed at Klostergården before are different trimming techniques in white clover meadows and organic variety experiments. For 2008, it is preparing to try hemp as a thistle fighter. An advisor at Hushållningssällskapet in organic farming has over the years been involved in operational planning and experiments at Klostergården together with the operations manager. Through Hushållningssällskapet's individual advice, ERFA groups and courses on organic farming, there is an ongoing dialogue with organic farmers about issues, ideas for solutions and the opportunity to disseminate experimental results. Over the years, many field trips have been made at Klostergården. Website see Ekhaga experimental farm At Ekhaga experimental farm (Uppland), which is owned by SLU, demonstrations, some education, development and research regarding organic farming are taking place today. This activity has been conducted since 1988 on about 20 ha of arable land. Ekhaga is located on a hill overlooking the Uppsala plain. The soils consist of old lake bottom with a high clay content (50% clay) and a relatively large amount of organic matter (5% soil). The soil is fertile and many crops are suitable for cultivation such as cereals, legumes, grass and potatoes. Ekhaga has previously been divided into two different farming systems, one with and one without animals. The crop rotation has been planned in both systems based on the need for plant nutrition, weed control, plant protection control and crops for sale and for feed, respectively. As of 2007, the cultivation systems have been merged into a system with larger plots to provide better conditions for field trials. Ekhaga's new, uniform cultivation system has 2-year dikes in the crop rotation. The dikes are mainly used for feed to the animals that still live on the farm. The new crop rotation is Spring grain with sown. Vall. Vall. Autumn wheat. Legumes, beans or peas. Potatoes 12

14 At Ekhaga, work is underway with demonstration, information, education, development, experiments and research. In 2007, the following experiments and demonstration cultivations took place in organic farming. Relay cultivation for increased sustainability in organic farming. Cultivation of chicory for feeding experiments. Cultivation technique experiment with field bean. Demonstration cultivation of older cereals. Seed cultivation of potatoes for the organic trials in the country. As well as various variety experiments with grass plants. Researchers at SLU are responsible for the various experiments. Funders are Formas, SLU-Ekoforsk, SJV, Weibull AB and Scandinavian Seed. The operations manager at Ekhaga experimental farm is very interested in local development with connections to farmers and consumers (co-producers). He wants to start more local activities. The interest in organic is greater now than 20 years ago. Website: Pictures. The experimental farm has its own mills so that the baking properties of the different cereals can be tested. The wheat bread is baked from Öland's country wheat. Experimental summaries from the farms Results from experiments on the farms are reported in several different ways depending on who is responsible and financier. Some examples are, Fältforsk's website: The Swedish Board of Agriculture's website, Plant environment and water, R&D. Annual trial reports from the Central Swedish trial collaboration. Individual reports. 13

15 Participant-driven working methods Participatory-driven research (DDF) is relatively new as a way of working with research and development in Swedish agriculture and in its design wants to increase participation between farmers and other actors (Eksvärd, 2003 CUL, 2006b). The work is based on a systems perspective based on local and regional issues. The working method wants to take advantage of the knowledge and abilities that exist in the group and thus everyone contributes to the group's results. The knowledge and the possible solutions through process-oriented methods that are developed contribute to sustainable change work. With participant-driven working methods, several actors can be involved in the development to make experiments and experiments more useful for both practice and the surrounding society. The work process in participant-driven groups is divided into different phases: start-up, search, planning, implementation and presentation phase as well as a maintenance and documentation phase that takes place in parallel throughout the process. Some cornerstones of a participant-driven approach are to start from a situation and not from individual problems. Everyone's knowledge and experience is needed. The group is a we who have a common interest and responsibility. degree of influence document during the work so you can follow the process from planning, implementation and evaluation Working meeting on each experimental farm In the spring of 2007, a working meeting was held on each farm to develop the most important local issues and link these to the existing activities. In the invitation to the working meeting, the purpose of the day was presented: to develop opportunities for several actors to use the experimental farm as a hub, together develop new knowledge and try new solutions. The farmers, staff from the farm, advisers and researchers who attended the meetings all had an interest in the experimental farm's activities and wanted to develop organic farming in the region. The goal was that what emerged at the meetings of the pilot project should be part of a change work where, with the help of many people's knowledge and experience, a broader analysis of research and experiments that benefit everyone can be made. All meetings had the same agenda. Each meeting had the following agenda: Introductory description of the project and working method Presentation round Common rules for the group's work Viewing and presentation of the experimental farm Brainstorm based on the question: With the experimental farm in the center, what could you do together to develop organic farming and further have benefit of the farm? Prioritization of produced proposals (8 plops per person) What do you see as the most important issues for organic farming in this region? o Everyone first sits alone for 2 minutes and thinks about what they want to prioritize 14

16 o Then everyone goes forward and sets up their puppets Group work around one or more of the priority proposals discussion about: How could a collaboration on the issue / issues go on (from a DDF perspective)? Work 2 and 2. Choose one of the questions on the board. Discuss and come up with concrete ideas and thoughts. Words are used to support being inspired by see the box below. Conclusion Evaluation round Knowledge, experiences, abilities Place / places Occupation categories Activities Meeting methods Resources Purpose Target group Participants / Employees Knowledge Development Change Decisions Owners The people at each working meeting developed proposals for topics and methods. These proposals were prioritized and arranged in themes / topics, see further under Results / Results from brain storms at work meetings and Reporting of group work at work meetings. Joint field day During the field day in June at Klostergården, the priority points were concentrated and the proposals were prepared for three subject areas: Varieties, Weeds and Food and health, which were processed by the participants. Three groups worked out proposals for strategies for continued cooperation in each area, see further under Results / Field Day at Klostergården. Participants in work meetings At the six work meetings out on the experimental farms, everyone at the presentation had to say three things that have led to them being there today. Project management Åsa Rölin works as a consultant at Hushållningssällskapet in Värmland mainly with organic vegetable and potato cultivation. Together with Lars, she runs a farm with potato cultivation on Värmlandsnäs. The reasons why Åsa is at the day's meeting is that she is a project manager and has a commitment to organic farming since At that time, it was mainly farmers and consumers who drove the development in organic farming forward. Åsa believes it is important that farmers become more involved in research and trials Karin Svanäng Has worked at CUL since 1999 and before that with grassland issues. The reason why Karin is with us today is that CUL thinks it is important to develop the cooperation between the organic experimental farms, that it is important to work in the country because we at CUL have a national mission and that CUL believes in the participatory way Hillshög Glenn Oredsson farmer from Hässleholm, has had organic farming for 20 years. The farm has been completely reorganized since they have previously had organic milk but currently have no animals of their own. He produces fodder and hay for neighboring farms and gets manure back. Rapeseed, lupine and fr.om. are also grown on the farm. this year also chamomile. There are plans for a biogas plant for manure and 15

17 food leftovers from the municipality. Later this year, they will take over an organic laying hen farm near the farm. Glenn is attending the meeting today in his capacity as agricultural representative. Göran Aureskoug has been responsible for operations at Sandby and Hillshög for 3 months. He is also an HIR advisor to conventional farmers. Göran has worked at HS Kristianstad since Stefan Lundmark is HIR advisor for both organic and conventional farmers. Stefan sees it as an advantage to have contact with both forms of cultivation. When it comes to reorganization advice, it is extra valuable. Stefan has seen that there are fewer and fewer participants in activities and field trips at Hillshög. In the past, there has been a lot of activity on the farm when they were involved in developing the organic sugar beet cultivation. But in recent years, the number of attempts has decreased. But this year, Stefan states, it is gratifying that three regular trials have been held at Hillshög. Stefan prefers that it be an attempt, because then conclusions can be drawn which can then be used in counseling. A demoodling has no repetitions. Stefan believes that a collaboration between the experimental farms would increase the possibility of getting more power behind applications and thus get more experiments for the farms. It's good if you can show new things all the time. Both to get results and attract visitors. But also to be able to assert their legitimacy within HS. Production went well last year on the farm, but should it show a negative result, the situation will be worse. Kalle Ekberg manages the plant cultivation at Hillshög and Sandby. He has worked on the farm since 1982 and when HS bought Sandby in 1987 when he was hired to handle experiments and plant cultivation. Almost all crops grown on Hillshög are seed crops. At Sandby there is fine equipment for drying and cleaning of grain and grass seeds. At Sandby, there are many conventional trials. Lilla Böslid Carl Jonsson has grown organically on the farm Toften since the farm is located 10 km south of Falkenberg. Carl is chairman of the organic farmers in Halland. The reason why Carl is present at today's meeting is that he feels chosen and that it is important how we use the experimental farm. After this day, we may not get all the answers but see new opportunities. Anna Carlsson runs the farm Skogsgård outside Getinge with 110 dairy cows and 80 ewes. The farm is organic since Anna has worked at Hushållningssällskapet for some time after graduating in agronomy, but the work was difficult to combine with the farm. Anna does not really know why she is here but constantly notices at home that there are problems. But with every problem there are also opportunities. Agriculture can benefit from little Böslid. Gert Göransson runs Högeryd's farm outside Tvååker with 185 dairy cows. The farm has been organic since 1996 and is 95% self-sufficient in fodder. The reason why Gert is here today is that he was chosen by Maria. Leif Jönsson switched to organic farming and grows white and red clover seeds, rapeseed, cucumbers and beets. Leif has previously worked at Lilla Böslid and now has machine collaboration with the experimental farm. One of the reasons he is here is that he is working on developing various machines for organic farming. Maria Henriksson has worked at Hushållningssällskapet since 1998 as a consultant in first conventional and then increasingly organic farming. She had to take over responsibility for the ecological part of the experimental farm after Henrik. Now the work is very project-oriented and quite broad. Maria knows why the farmers are here. You all have eco-production on a large scale and live on it. 16

18 Jan Jönsson works with the experiments at Lilla Böslid. About a third of the time on the farm and the rest with the experiments. Jan also has his own organic farm of 20 ha as a leisure activity. Councilor Inge Karlsson runs Hult's farm in Nol in the old northern county of Älvsborg and has been organic since the production consists of cows and he also buys calves and raises them. Inge has come to Rådde for her great interest in eco-production. He thinks it's good to get together and discuss. Inge is passionate about roughage production and does not believe in buying protein feed from other countries. Today we compete with the whole world, so we have to get better at roughage. It's good to be a farmer. You get quick answers to different ideas, by being able to try a lot of things yourself on your farm. When you try, new questions then arise. Inge has been to Rådde on several different field trips and watched the experiments. He has also had many discussions with Jan. For a while, they both had a lot of exchanges with each other when they tried to come to terms with loose stomachs in the animals. Lars Johansson has for many years worked at SLU in Skara. He has been involved in documenting the organic herd on Tingvall farm since the start over 15 years ago. Others said the cows would die. Lars wanted to see how it worked. He gave us others a gratifying message that the documentation at Tingvall continues despite HS having sold the farm. The new owner is very interested and accommodating. At Tingvall, he studies vitamins together with a doctoral student. They take blood samples to study what vitamin levels different drugs provide. They are also testing a vitamin E preparation that could be approved for Eko. Without the addition of vitamin E, the animals seem to have various diffuse disease symptoms. Lars has also followed with 8-9 organic farms that were selected because they had a high yield. They concluded that good forage was an important success factor.Lars joined today's meeting as a replacement for Elisabet Nadeau Daniel Murgård is responsible for the practical operation of Rådde gård and is also patrol leader for the trials. Anders Karlsson has had his farm included in KRAV since He grows potatoes and delivers potatoes to large households via his own scaling. Previously, they also grew vegetables, but it became laborious. On the farm in Störshult in Kalv there is also steer breeding. Anders is at the meeting because Jan called. He was early in Sjuhärad with organic farming. The reason they started with echo was with concern for their own children. Lars Arnesson has also been an organic farmer for a long time. He started to change the farm Gunnarp in Humla in 1988 with 5 ha and the whole farm was converted. He has 70 dairy cows and for a period of two years they had to keep up due to paratuberculosis. The neighbors are skeptical about eco but it works. He himself was skeptical of advisers who thought he should spray and fertilize. He is at the meeting because he is interested. Ola Hallin worked immediately after graduating as a landowner in 1997 with the position that Daniel now has, i.e. with the operation and trials at Rådde. He has been away from HS for a few years but now works with advice and various projects. Ola thinks it's exciting to turn things around and that's why he's with us today. Jan Jansson introduced himself as a frog. He has worked 30 years with trials. He has been an experimental leader at HS Sjuhärad since they began to change Rådde to organic until What is it for stupidity, thinks HS administration committee. Jan did not do it from an ideological point of view but because it was interesting from an economic point of view for the farmers. You get more to convey if you work ecologically both opportunities and problems. The environmental benefit is completely clear 17

19 with eco, one refrains from pesticides. For today's meeting, Jan would also have liked to have Bertil Pettersson from the County Administrative Board who did not have the opportunity to participate. Logården Maria Stenberg is at the meeting because she is responsible for several projects at Logården. She also represents SLU Skara where she is employed as a researcher. Maria is also employed by HS. Issues around tillage and grassland engage her a lot. Johan Lidberg has worked at Logården since He handles plant cultivation and experiments. After a reorganization within HS, he is now employed by the experimental department. Johan thought he was at the meeting to listen. Jan Hill is employed at the County Administrative Board in Skara, where he works with coordination in competence development for organic farming. The County Administrative Board has financed long-term projects and demo cultivation at Logården through funds from the Swedish Board of Agriculture. Jan makes sure that the results are as good as possible and that they are communicated. Jan also uses the results himself in his advice to farmers. There is a group of farmers from organic plant farms who, together with Marta Göransson from the County Administrative Board in Uddevalla, work participant-driven. Maybe they could be linked to Logården. Anders Bergman is an organic farmer from Grästorp near Logården. He has 30 cows and grows hay and grain. The dike takes up a lot of space. Anders is involved in the association Västgötarna which grows i.a. spelled and refined in-house together with a grinder. The growers in the association have tried a number of different old varieties that they received from Hans Larsson SLU. They have selected some varieties which they have since propagated. Anders was impressed by a spring rye that they named Roundup because it grew so fast that no weeds had time. Anders is at today's meeting because he is interested in something new. Issues that are close to the heart are old varieties, tillage and soil compaction. Anders is interested in technology, together with his brother, a blacksmith and a computer programmer, they are manufacturing a GPS-controlled tractor. Anders has studied agro-engineering in Skara. Karl Delin started at HS in 1998 and has always been involved in Logården. He has been involved in developing the large project with the three cultivation systems at Logården. Karl has edited and written reports of experiments and demo cultivations. He has had an ERFA group with farmers who started But participation in meetings has decreased as they learned more. It is more difficult to get the new younger group of focused farmers. Logården has been a role model in the region for those who wanted to switch to organic farming. In the beginning, there could be study visits to the farm per year. There are now usually 1-2 eco-field walks per year on the farm and several other activities. The cultivation on the farm has slipped behind the environment and they need to rise to be a role model. The new investment with alternating drainage and leaching studies can provide indications and test results so they can improve cultivation systems and become an interesting role model again. Klostergården Bengt-Åke Karlsson is a farmer from Södra Freberga, Motala. The farm is leased by the municipality and has 200 ha of fields and 40 ha of pasture. The animals consist of 70 steers and ewes. The farm was converted to organic Bengt-Åke's interest in the environment and energy was a contributing factor to the reorganization. In addition, there are natural areas on the farm with restrictions on the use of chemicals. Bengt-Åke is convinced that he is on the right track. He is vice chairman of Hushållningssällskapet and chairman of Ekologiska lantbrukarna. The reason he's 18

20 at today's meeting is that he has made many attempts on the farm together with Per Ståhl over the years. Ulf Gustavsson, Östra Helleberga, cultivates 171 ha organically and 72 ha conventionally. He has also worked with experiments together with Per. Ulf is developing and developing line hacking and camera technology. Jan Wretemark, manages the school agriculture at Vretagymnasiet, which borders Klostergården. School agriculture consists of 30 ha organically and 270 ha conventionally. The ecological part is run with an animal focus and the crop rotation contains three-year-old dikes. The school has previously expected to convert the entire school agriculture to organic farming. But they have considered the matter and decided not to change more at the moment. Jan is not fundamentally eco-friendly. He is interested in resource management and thinks it is a pity that regulations such as KRAV become fences. Per Ståhl, is an ecological advisor at HS in Östergötland and involved in the operation of Klostergården together with Niklas. One reason he has called for today's meeting is the desire to use Klostergården's organic farming even more. Throughout the year, Per has arranged many activities in organic farming. He has a list of farmers who usually come on field trips and courses. Today's participants are in that group. Anders Gustavsson, Östra Helleberga is the son of Ulf Gustavsson and works in addition to the farm at Svenska foder. This is the third season of eco on the farm. It is a pure plant farm and you buy plant nutrients. Problems with weeds have increased. Mikael Fast, County Administrative Board. He is an advisor for the entire county and is responsible for the money allocated to organic farming. Niklas Malm, has been managing the farm at Klostergården since 1985. The farm has 43 ha of organic and 54 ha of conventional cultivation. Conversion to eco was made between With the new support period in 2007, a few hectares were removed. Nikla's interest in organic farming has varied over the years. At first he was negative, but after a while the interest increased and he thought it was so good that he wanted to convert the whole Klostergården to organic. But then the problems with thistle and weeds increased and during the last time he has for a while wanted to end organic farming completely. He is not happy with how the weeds have turned out. Many conventional experiments are carried out on the farm, mainly experiments on behalf of various companies. Conventional cultivation is located on the most even fields. The organic cultivation was placed on the fields that were over and were less suitable for experiments. Niklas has always felt a financial demand from the Household Society's board. Organic farming has gone well financially, around SEK 2,000 more in net income per hectare. Per Ståhl has inspired and been a good ballpark. Niklas is interested in saving energy. It feels wrong to use too much diesel. Biovinass does not feel right and grants also feel like the wrong way to achieve increased organic farming. Magnus Börjesson, Högåsa has 260 ha of plant cultivation, KRAV and produces 1100 KRAV pigs per year. This year they have started harvesting in the farm's asparagus orchard. Added to echo Magnus enthusiastically told about a kick-off meeting for Agro-Öst that he attended the day before. The Agro-Öst network is being formed and Magnus has been involved in it for six months. The Rector of Linköping University is positive about research in the green sector. Ekhaga Gun-Britt Larsson, switched to organic farming This year she has leased out most of her land. Gun-Britt grows several old grain varieties. They have horses on the farm that must have good forage. Gun-Britt is interested in growing and thinks it's great fun. Lennart has asked her 19

21 come to the meeting today. She thinks that the farmers must get paid more and that then more farmers would start growing organically. Sweden could export and profile itself as organic. She dislikes the fact that Lantmännen has stopped cultivating seeds of grain in Uppland and that they include GMOs in their feed. Gun-Britt is enthusiastic and has ideas. Gösta Roempke, has worked as an eco-consultant at Hushållningssällskapet since Gösta worked at Ekhaga Lennart and he grew cabbage and vegetables on the experimental farm which they sold to restaurants. The experimental farms need input. Gösta thinks it is exciting to be involved in experimental activities and give ideas. Lars-Birger Johansson, has grown organically since 1983 and the whole farm since He has 80 ha. Autumn wheat is great this year. Lars-Birger is interested in trials and demos. He always has demos in his own farm that are shown during study visits. For example. he grew spelled 15 years ago. The areas vary from half a hectare to 100 square meters. Various legumes have been tried and this year there is a box with oil slick. It is very fun and inspiring to be in the field with other farmers. Lars-Birger's farm is a demonstration farm and is presented on the County Administrative Board's website. Lars-Birger takes photos throughout the season and posts the cultivation story on the website. He is interested in the fact that organic is an alternative for today's agriculture. What should organic farming be like when agriculture becomes increasingly large-scale? Growth sequence and preventive measures are important. You have to be realistic. He feels that the organic does not increase, rather that it is a downward trend. There is a lack of refinement. Anders Berlin, Ramsjögården by Björklinge. Has been in KRAV since Growing vegetables cereals and has horses. Anders puts the energy into the vegetables. He has a subscription system so-called andelskorgar, (Community supported agriculture). Each consumer has a share of production. You meet and have an annual meeting, where you can also think about what should be grown. Anders decides what is in the baskets, everyone gets the same, but there are different sizes of basket. He has a newsletter with recipes and is building a website. With the help of and telephone, he often has contact with customers. Many people ask what they get for strange vegetables. He thinks that he helps to stimulate eating vegetables. Cereal cultivation is becoming more and more bread grain, especially of old varieties. He has a small bakery that is currently at rest. He plans to fix a grinder and then bake on flour from old varieties. Anders' goal is to take advantage of what he grows and get it out directly to the consumer. Old varieties and nutrient content are interesting. Participatory research seems exciting, I think it can give a lot. Lennart Karlsson, started at Ekhaga experimental farm Before that he was, among others. a. advisor at the biodynamic association. During the period, the experimental farm's land was divided into two organic cultivation systems, a pure plant cultivation system and one with animals. Since 2003, the focus has changed to focus on field trials and now the entire area is being converted to a crop rotation. It will be a cattle-free crop rotation because SLU does not want to invest and keep the animals on the farm. The animals that are on the farm today are owned by another farmer and will be moved away. The extensive vegetable cultivation that was on the farm during the 80s and 90s ended a couple of years ago. Nowadays, it is more difficult to get the vegetables to market. KF's warehouse has closed down. He would like to see better local solutions Potatoes are still grown and are a pride of the farm. It is delivered to restaurants and a star chef Mattias Dahlgren has become very fond of and wants many varieties. He pays well for the potatoes and so does the Ultuna restaurant. Guests notice when the potatoes run out from Ekhaga. The potatoes are neither fertilized nor irrigated, it is the crop rotation that provides the potatoes with plant nutrients, and the harvest therefore varies with the year. Propagation of seeds for the variety trials on potatoes that Janni Hagman holds will take place from this year at Ekhaga. 20

22 Results Timeline 2003 Together we can learn and change participant-driven research for Swedish agriculture, by Karin Eksvärd. A guide published by the Center for Sustainable Agriculture SLU Sept October Course in participant-driven research a way of working for advisers' work with sustainable development. Training for counselors in ddf at CUL. CUL publishes a guide to Organic Experimental Farms in Sweden January Telephone meeting around Experimental Farms with organic production experimental coordination and network building. February 8 Meeting on development projects and collaboration between experimental farms at Lilla Böslid. June 27 Meeting about HS organic experimental farms at Lilla Böslid. September 26 A decision is made that funds will be granted from the Ekhaga Foundation to the pilot project Participant-driven research on experimental farms. October Application for development funds for the design of a transnational application for development projects in organic farming. Participant-driven research and development at Hushållningssällskapet's experimental farms. The application was made to Hushållningssällskapet's development fund and was later rejected. Staff change at HS Värmland new project manager appointed January The pilot project formally starts with a letter from the new project manager to all the experimental farms. January 19 Telephone meeting on the content of working meetings on the experimental farms. 16 February Telephone meeting 17 April Working meeting Rådde gård 18 April Working meeting Logården 25 April Working meeting Lilla Böslid 21

23 7 May Working meeting Hillshög 9 May Working meeting Klostergården 14 May Working meeting Ekhaga 25 June Joint field day at Klostergården. November 7 Application for network money to the Swedish Board of Agriculture for continued work in reference groups on the farms and a common network for all groups Jan Report ready Common rules of the game At each working meeting, rules of the game were determined that would apply to the group during the project. The rules of the game were designed based on the following schedule and with the question What do you think should characterize a good collaboration? Set up game rules for the group: 1. Let the word go around the group and let everyone have the opportunity to speak. Write all the words on a board or flipchart. 2. Review the proposals and decide together which rules the group chooses as the most important keywords that should characterize the collaboration. 3. Write the keywords on a flipchart to keep during the project. Game rules for Hillshög: - Openness - Different experiences, participants with different backgrounds - Constructive - Expecting a result - Curiosity - Not too upset, not too much order and order Game rules for Lilla Böslid: - Listen - Say what we think - Actively participate - Uncritically share - Do not saw anyone's idea - Do not interrupt Game rules for Logården: 22

24 - Responsive - Openness - Give and take - Keep times - Announce if you do not come - Stick to the topic - Show respect Game rules for Advised: - Give and take - Respect - Active - Keep times - Positive spirit - Share experiences - Reconcile different wills Game rules for Klostergården: - Openness, say what you think. - High to the ceiling - Understanding - Feel free to have fun - Try to think in new ways Game rules for the group at Ekhaga: - Everyone can have a say - Listen - Trust, to dare to say things - Tolerance - Live in the situation, empathy - Know each other conditions, understanding. - Targeting, sometimes things can get too big sometimes too small. Strive to reach a goal. The rules of the game were relatively similar for the different farms. The desire for high ceilings, openness, to dare to say what you think and to listen was present in all groups and shows that the participants want everyone to have a say and that the ideas should flow. Trust, understanding and respect for each other is also important, most people think. The participants want the groups to have a certain discipline such as. to keep times and not to interrupt. The groups want to see the results of their work, for example, which is reflected in words such as constructive and striving to achieve a goal. Some express that the group should be creative, for example thinking in new directions and that the work should not be too disturbed. 23

25 Results from a brain storm at work meetings Brain storm based on the question. With the experimental farm in the center, what could one do together to further develop organic farming and benefit from the farm? Prioritization based on the question: What do you see as the most important issues for organic farming in this region? Each person was given 8 orange plops to distribute between the proposals. Hillshög Points and priorities: Cultivation technology new crops on a field scale Test eg harvesting technology. Test on a field scale for several years Future crops, new crops in organic farming Everyone is interested in news. Cooperation with organic farmers More report for the association Organic farmers. Preferably a presentation by someone who is familiar with the experiments. Brochure and report from previous years' experiments in the field. Data on this year's experimental cultivation available around the clock. Materials about forage, crop and treatment can be found out at the experimental fields. Marketing the farm and its results Building landscapes Inspired by Denmark where there is an enthusiastic person who works with agroforestry, fruit tree curtains create pleasant landscapes. Get more people here Start growing vegetables on a larger scale for sale At the experimental farm, there are plans to start growing vegetables on a larger scale. This is because there is demand and more cultivation should be stimulated. It can also provide income to the farm. Since you do not have access to irrigation yet, carrots may be an option. Show the yard for school classes Young people are an important group to invest in. They are the consumers of the future. Large-scale testing requires planning in the crop rotation. Maybe you should have a part of the farm without a fixed crop rotation. Right now, however, the crop rotation is not really fixed. Crops grown are rapeseed, white clover, oats and sugar beets. Spreading in different crops 24


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