You constantly hear that Russia is a zone of risky agriculture, but those who want to grow their own fruits and vegetables are not decreasing. Just gardeners, gardeners give preference to plants that have an advantage over others. The Tomato variety Shuttle is easy to grow, gives an early harvest of tasty tomatoes, does not take up much space - a godsend for a summer resident!
Where else to cultivate a tomato variety obtained in the Odintsovo region, if not in the Moscow region. But the variety came to the court not only here. The Tomato Shuttle was bred in the Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing and since 1997 has been included in the State Register for the Central, Volga-Vyatka and West Siberian regions. It is recommended to grow in personal subsidiary and private farms, as well as in garden plots. Does not need shelter construction, grows in open ground.
Tomato variety Shuttle grows in open ground in the territory from the Central to West Siberian regions
Shuttle Tomatoes - early ripening. After the first shoots appear, it takes about four months for the fruits to ripen. In favorable weather or when planting seedlings in protected ground, 82–95 days are enough. But the cultivation of this variety of tomatoes in greenhouses is impractical, since it is preferable to plant indeterminate type plants there - the compact Shuttle will simply take up space in vain. You can speed up the harvest by building film shelters for the bushes.
The plant is not tall, with a short, stable, straight stem. Forms slightly branched bushes of medium foliage up to 40–45 cm high.
Droplet tomatoes form a compact bush
Leaves are medium in size, dark green, medium corrugation, glossy. The flowers are bright yellow, collected in simple inflorescences. The first flowers are laid over 6–7 leaves, and then every 1–2 leaves.
The flowers of the Shuttle are yellow, collected in simple inflorescences
Tomatoes are oblong-oval in shape, with a pronounced spout at the top. The first fruits are slightly larger. On average, the weight of tomatoes ranges from 23–55 g. The peel is red, smooth and thick. The pulp of the fruit is fleshy, dense, juicy. Usually contains two or three seed nests.
The pulp of the Drochel tomato variety is dense, but juicy
Tomatoes Shuttle for universal use, have a pleasant taste with a characteristic sourness. The fruits tolerate transportation well and can be stored. Used fresh, good for pickling and canning. Especially often small dense tomatoes of this variety are pickled or canned in their own juice. Even peeled fruits do not lose their shape in the workpieces.
Plant of determinant type. Shows resistance to temperature extremes, especially to cold weather. Due to the early ripening of the fruits, it almost does not suffer from phytophthora, and even then the vegetative parts of the plant show sensitivity to the disease.
When for the first time my neighbor in the country shared her tomato seedlings, she presented this variety as "unkillable". For me, who had the most distant relation to growing vegetables, such a definition seemed like a clear exaggeration. However, Galina Pvlovna insisted: "The shuttle and the Rocket are varieties that are resistant to natural disasters and are not afraid of inexperienced vegetable growers." I learned from her. that the bushes do not stepchild. As it turned out, there is no need to tie up the plants, and often water them too.
With all the variety of everything that was not needed for cultivation, it turned out to be very pleasant to harvest an early harvest of funny strong tomatoes.
The variety is fruitful. In the Central region, an average of 226–269 centners of tomato are obtained per hectare. In the Volga-Vyatka region, the yield ranges from 220 to 441 c / ha. In the West Siberian region, 160-412 c / ha are harvested, and the highest yield was collected in the Omsk region and amounted to almost 800 c / ha.
The value of the variety Drozhnok in its yield and early ripening of tasty fruits
The value of the variety is determined by:
Average susceptibility to late blight from the stem and leaves can be regarded as a disadvantage, but this does not affect the quality of the fruit.
The plants are compact and do not require any special maintenance. When planting, the seedlings are placed at a distance of no more than 35-40 cm. A gap of 50 cm is left between the rows.
Of course, you can try to grow the seedlings yourself. To do this, in late March or early April, you will have to sow seeds soaked with Fitosporin in disinfected soil, provide them with heat and sufficient illumination. I had to give up this, because without a balcony, I cannot allocate the right place for seedlings. In addition, I practiced sowing seeds in seedling cups, so that later I would not dive and expose the seedlings to additional stress, which also requires space. Now I buy seedlings, having the opportunity to choose the strongest plants.
Tomatoes of the Shuttle variety form low bushes, they do not need to be tied up. Periodic loosening of the surface layer of the soil, weeding and watering are the main measures for plant care. Depending on the climatic characteristics and the abundance of precipitation, tomato bushes are placed either in the beds or between the beds. If the summer is usually hot and without rain, then the bushes are placed at the bottom of the grooves between the beds. In this case, more moisture enters the roots, and the plants are protected from the scorching sun.
With a lack of moisture, plants are placed at the bottom of the ditches between the ridges
It is enough to water the bushes abundantly once a week. This is great for weekend summer residents - no need to worry about the condition of the tomatoes during the working week. It is especially important to provide plants with moisture during growth and intensive fruiting. During the period of fruit ripening, watering is stopped so that the tomatoes do not crack. The optimal watering regime during the ripening of fruits is immediately after harvesting ripe tomatoes. Warm water is used for irrigation. The water must settle and warm up before it gets to the tomatoes. At the same time, they try to avoid getting drops of moisture on the leaves: it is better to bring water under the root or feed it along the grooves.
When watering tomatoes, try to prevent water from getting on the leaves.
By pinching the extra flowers, you can achieve amicable ripening of large fruits. This is the principle of rationing the harvest. With this approach, it is convenient to harvest tomatoes: the entire crop ripens at about the same time.
If you do not pinch, you will get a lot of medium-sized fruits, some of which will not have time to ripen, but can be used in salting. Some summer residents note the long-term fruiting of the variety, until the very cold weather. Under favorable conditions, up to 4–5 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one square meter.
Measures to prevent late blight are worthy of special mention. Lighted areas are chosen for tomatoes and the beds are arranged from north to south. In this case, the compact bushes of the Shuttle will be better lit during the day. As a rule, the fruits of a tomato of this variety have time to ripen before late blight hits the bush. But for peace of mind, especially in areas where prophylaxis with copper-containing preparations is already being carried out, you can treat the bushes with a 1% solution of copper sulfate. Some summer residents spill tomato bushes with diluted solutions of dairy products (add 20 drops of iodine to 1 liter of low-fat milk and dilute 10 liters of water). You can just take 1% milk or whey, dilute with water in a 1: 1 ratio and spray the bushes. It is necessary to apply these solutions in the morning in the absence of rain. In this case, the drug will not wash off the leaves.
When growing tomatoes, it is important to observe the crop rotation. Do not forget that potatoes, peppers, eggplants and tomatoes belong to the nightshade family, so they have common pests and diseases. You cannot plant tomatoes where representatives of your family previously grew. Legumes are most preferred as precursors for tomato: beans, peas, beans... These plants are also good because they drive away moles. For some reason, the ubiquitous animals are uncomfortable with the neighborhood with legumes. If you do not want to engage in crop rotation, you should think about green manure. Immediately after harvesting the tomato, it is recommended to dig up this area and sow with white mustard. Before the onset of cold weather, the grown greens must be dug into the ground. This simple manipulation will prevent the spread of weeds on the site and allow you to disinfect the soil. In addition, the soil under the mustard becomes very loose and convenient for further use.
Tomato lovers do not always have land plots. The small size of the bushes makes it possible to grow these unpretentious plants in tubs on the balcony. An elegant compact bush, hung with bright fruits, delivers the freshest tomatoes to the table and is very decorative.
Tomatoes Shuttle and Riddle, growing on the balcony, delight the eye and provide fresh vitamins
The narrow, agile boats of the sailors scurried about the water areas, where it was impossible for large schooners to pass. So the graceful oblong fruits of the Shuttle tomatoes are neatly placed in the jar, saving space and giving the blanks a rich taste of summer.
Tomato Wonder of the World is an indeterminate variety, the bush easily grows up to two meters in height, it can grow even higher. Requires compulsory formation (in 1 or 2 stems) and systematic garter of both shoots and fruit brushes. The leaves are bright green, large, slightly twisted at the edges, complex inflorescences. The first flowers and, accordingly, the fruits are laid only on the 11th leaf, following 3-5 leaves. The brushes are huge: they can hold up to 30 tomatoes.
One brush of tomatoes already pulls half a bucket
Fruits ripen late. They have an obovate shape, the ribs are visible. Ripe tomatoes have a bright yellow color, even rather lemon, the shape of the fruit is similar to a lemon. There are two seed nests. Fruits are relatively small, fleshy, with an average weight of 80 g, maximum - up to 120 g. The taste of fresh tomatoes is assessed as good, sugar content is up to 5%. The yield is stable and high. The purpose of the fruits is universal: even in the Gosreyestr, the variety is listed simultaneously as pickling and salad.
The variety is highly resistant to diseases, including late blight. Thanks to its developed root system, the tomato is resistant to prolonged droughts.
In terms of care, Kaspar F1 tomatoes are extremely unpretentious and are able to “forgive” certain mistakes in care for the gardener. They are grown mainly by seedlings. But getting a bountiful harvest is impossible without knowing the important nuances of agricultural technology.
Formation in two stems allows you to keep the small dimensions of the Caspar F1 bush without compromising on yield
The "small size" of plants allows you to place 6–8 specimens on 1 m², thereby significantly saving space. The optimal planting pattern is 30–40 cm between bushes and about 50 cm between rows. But it requires the mandatory removal of stepchildren so that the plants have enough space for development.
The dimensions of the tomato bushes Kaspar F1 allow them to be planted more compactly, saving space in the greenhouse or in the garden
The height of the bush is average, but the stem is not strong enough to hold the entire mass of the crop. Therefore, plants often spread on the ground or even break. The fruits lying in the garden almost inevitably rot. To avoid this, the bushes must be tied to a support at the level of the 5-6th leaf. The flowers of the hybrid begin to form after the 8th leaf, the procedure will not harm future fruits.
The small height of the Kaspar F1 tomato does not require the construction of a trellis or any other similar design, you can do with separate supports
The manufacturer claims that the plants do not need to be formed, but this is not entirely true. In the southern regions with a subtropical climate, Caspar F1, indeed, can grow this way. The thick foliage is even beneficial, it protects the fruit from sunburn. In more severe conditions, it is recommended to remove excess leaves so as not to delay the ripening of fruits and the formation of plants in two stems. In addition to the main one, one more stepson is left under the first fruit brush.
Stepsons on a tomato bush, if not removed, take away the nutrients necessary for the ripening of fruits
Abundant and long-term fruiting requires the enrichment of the soil with macro- and microelements necessary for the ripening of tomatoes. Caspar F1 is especially sensitive to a deficiency of potassium and phosphorus in the soil, therefore, these fertilizers are applied to the hole when planting seedlings (about 10 g each).
Superphosphate is one of the most common and affordable phosphate fertilizers
In the future, during the growing season, 4 more feeding is carried out. The first time this is done when the first fruit ovary is formed, then every 2–2.5 weeks. The hybrid prefers chlorine-free mineral fertilizers - potassium sulfate, potassium nitrate, simple or double superphosphate, or complex agents for tomatoes (Novofert, Master, Bona Forte, Agricola).
When preparing a nutrient solution for tomatoes, strictly follow the manufacturer's instructions.A common mistake of beginner gardeners is to increase the concentration of the product or decrease the intervals between fertilizing, based on an earlier and / or plentiful harvest
Another vital element for Caspar F1 is calcium. With its deficiency, apical rot of the fruits is almost inevitable, sharply reducing their keeping quality and presentability. To avoid it, during the season it is recommended to feed the bushes with calcium nitrate (5–7 g per 3 l) at the flowering stage and after the first harvest.
Top rot will not kill tomato bushes, but the appearance of the fruits and the taste of the fruits deteriorate markedly, their shelf life is reduced
Of the pests for the hybrid, aphids are the most dangerous. In order to scare her away, folk remedies are quite enough. Every 10-15 days, the bushes of Caspar F1 are sprayed with any pungent-smelling infusions. Citrus peels, pine needles, onion and garlic arrows, wormwood are used as raw materials.
Aphids are one of the most "omnivorous" garden pests; for some reason, Caspar F1 tomatoes are especially fond of her.
If it was not possible to avoid the appearance of aphids, according to the instructions, any universal insecticides are used (Inta-Vir, Aktara, Mospilan, Tanrek). A solution of laundry soap shavings, an infusion of wood ash, a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate is also suitable.
Inta-Vir is an effective insecticide of general action, but it is undesirable to use chemicals during the ripening of tomatoes, this will have to be done only in case of a massive invasion of aphids
At the end of May (the optimal transplanting time), the tomatoes are planted in the greenhouse, but in a different sequence than the seeds: at a distance of about 30 cm from each other, to a depth of 2 cm.This is how 4-5 bushes per 1 sq. m of soil.
Important! A denser planting (6-7 bushes per 1 sq. M.) Does not affect the amount of the crop in any way. Therefore, the variety "Shuttle" is perfect even for those summer residents who have a small plot of land.
Before planting the shoots, dig up the ground, form the beds, add fertilizer a couple of days before planting. In the future, the bushes are fertilized once a month.
Next, we monitor the growth of the bushes, if necessary, tie them up, although in general this variety of tomatoes does not need tying. If you are making a vertical garter in a greenhouse, make a support for the bush and tie a branch or stem to it with a piece of rope. This will make it easier for the plant to grow and develop.
A horizontal tie uses a high tension wire or rope from one end of the greenhouse to the other. Ropes will be attached to it to support the branches and stems of plants.
Watering in a greenhouse or in the open field - 1-2 times a week with water at room temperature. The shuttle variety is not whimsical in watering. However, if it's hot outside, the amount of watering is increased to 2-3 per week.
When watering, try not to get on the leaves of the plants, as this can cause fungal disease, as well as burns if watering is done with direct sunlight on the plant. Even if you forgot to water the plants on time, do not be alarmed - tomatoes are drought-resistant and do without water in a greenhouse for up to 2 weeks.
After watering, it is advisable to loosen each time: this will allow the roots of the plant to receive air. They loosen with a special hoe or a garden fork, working the soil 5 cm deep. This will prevent root diseases of the plant and contribute to its accelerated growth.
Important! Do not confuse loosening and weeding. You need to loosen the soil after watering, and weed the beds only as weeds germinate on it.
Remember about timely pinching, if required: cutting off young shoots from plant stems. After removing the stepchildren, the bush looks like a stem with several branches, on which there will be fruits in the future. This will allow the plant to develop normally and bear fruit on time.
When it comes to growing tomatoes, do not forget about existing plant pests and diseases. Despite the resistance of this plant species to diseases, the most common is the fungal disease late blight.
The spots that appear on the leaves indicate the development of the disease. This is due to frequent watering, therefore, at the first sign, the amount of moisture that enters the plant is reduced. It is also necessary to remove and burn all damaged leaves to avoid spreading the disease.
Important! For the prevention of late blight, it is recommended to spray the bushes with copper preparations.
Another common disease of the variety is mosaic. The carrier of the disease is aphid. If you see white or yellow spots on the leaves, this is a mosaic. Completely affected leaves fall off, but you should not bring it to this: tear off diseased leaves in advance.
There are pests that eat plants, such as the May beetle. Its larvae eat up the roots of the plant, and it dies. You can fight them by direct collection of larvae or by special preparations against pests (for example, "Medvedok").
Subject to the regime of watering, loosening and feeding, as well as with proper observation and prevention of diseases and pests, you are guaranteed to get a good harvest of tomatoes.