Spring feeding of apricots: basic rules and useful tips


Any gardener knows that getting nutrients on time is the key to health for any crop, and apricot is no exception. In order to correctly carry out the procedure for feeding this crop in the spring, it is necessary to find out what fertilizers are required for this, as well as familiarize yourself with the rules for their introduction.

The main fertilizers used in the spring feeding of apricots

Both organic and mineral fertilizers are successfully used for fertilizing apricots.

Organic fertilizers

  • Compost - rotted plant debris (foliage, branches left after cutting, straw, etc.). Helps maintain the fertile qualities of the soil, and also contributes to the better absorption of nutrients by plants, especially minerals. Its use is necessary if your apricot grows on heavy clay soils.
  • Manure and bird droppings. The use of these fertilizers helps to enrich the soil with nutrients and improve its qualities such as air and moisture permeability. In spring, these fertilizers are usually applied in the form of solutions.
  • Ash. Contains a lot of potassium, therefore it is necessary to increase the amount of sugar in apricot fruits and the formation of seeds, and also promotes the formation of new shoots.

Mineral fertilizers

Fertilization ensures proper development of the plant

  • Urea. Contains nitrogen in the composition, which is necessary for the growth of green mass and young shoots of apricot, and also contributes to an increase in productivity. It is successfully used for root and foliar dressing and as an independent fertilizer, and as a component of the nutrient mixture.
  • Ammonium nitrate. Has the same properties as urea, but is often used in mineral mixtures for root dressing.
  • Superphosphate. Recommended for the growth and strengthening of the root system of the culture.
  • Potash fertilizers. Potassium sulfate or potassium salt is often used to feed apricots. These fertilizers help to increase the cold resistance and drought resistance of the plant, as well as improve the palatability of the fruit and have a beneficial effect on the growth and development of the crop as a whole. Usually added as part of a nutritional formula.

Fertilization rules

Fertilizers must be applied in special furrows or grooves so as not to damage the plant's root system.

  • It is necessary to start fertilizing the apricot in the second year after planting. In the first year, the plant is provided with nutrients introduced in the fall into the prepared planting pit.
  • All fertilizers must be applied to a pre-moistened soil so as not to damage the roots.
  • An apricot tree should have a near-stem circle with special grooves or an external furrow, where the spring part of the fertilizer is applied. The diameter of the trunk circle changes depending on the age of the tree and should slightly go beyond the crown border:
    • 50 cm - for apricots 2–5 years old;
    • 1 m - for apricots 6-10 years old;
    • 1.5 - 2 m - for apricots over 10 years old.
  • The outer furrow of the trunk circle should be 20-30 cm wide and 15-20 cm deep. If you want to make grooves, keep in mind that the distance between them should be 30 cm. The depth of the groove is also 15-20 cm. dug up (if solutions are used, then the earth must first be loosened), and then the grooves or groove are covered with earth.

Scheme of spring feeding of apricot

With regular use of organic matter, the soil becomes acidic, which, in turn, causes gum leakage of the trunk and branches of the apricot (a thick yellow-brown liquid flows continuously from them, which forms growths upon drying), so do not neglect deoxidizing fertilizers (ash, dolomite flour). Also, the appearance of gum may indicate that the apricot lacks calcium, so in the period before flowering, 2-3 days after general feeding, fertilize your apricot with a solution of calcium chloride (10 ml per 10 l of water).

Fertilizer Review for Fruit Trees

As you can see, fertilizing an apricot in spring is a simple procedure that does not require the use of any special means. It is enough to carry it out at the right time to provide the tree with favorable conditions for development.

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Plants absorb a large amount of mineral elements from the soil. In case of power shortage:

  1. growth slows down
  2. yield decreases
  3. decorative qualities deteriorate
  4. leaves become chlorotic
  5. the susceptibility to diseases and pests increases.

In order for crops to produce rich yields, it is necessary to restore the balance of nutrients. Spring feeding of fruit trees, designed to give impetus to further development, is of priority importance.


What fertilizers are applied in the garden in the autumn

As part of preparing the site for winter, both organic and mineral fertilizers are used in the garden. The main thing is to correctly calculate the dosage of dressings and comply with the recommended terms.

Organic

Organic fertilizing, introduced in the autumn, allows you to increase the fertility of soils and prepare them for the spring planting of crops. Since the soil is resting at this time, beneficial microorganisms have time to fully process the components of fertilizers. Organic matter decomposes slowly and converts to humus over time. If they are used for several years in a row in the autumn, it will be possible to increase the characteristics of even the most depleted soils.

Compost is considered one of the most readily available fertilizers for crops. When it is introduced into light soils, it is possible to retain moisture in the ground longer; when applied on heavy clay soils, on the contrary, to increase water permeability. Organic fertilizer is prepared from spring, in this case until autumn it will acquire the necessary characteristics and useful properties. 2 buckets of top dressing are used per square meter of the garden.

For the autumn digging, both fresh and rotted manure are brought in, in contrast to the spring one. Ammonia, which is in fresh fertilizer and is dangerous for cultivated plants, will come off in the spring along with melt water and will not harm plantings. Depending on the type of soil on the site, they use from 2 to 8 kg of manure per square meter of the garden.

Since poultry manure is a highly concentrated fertilizer, it must be applied in a diluted liquid form. The most commonly used concentration is 1:20, it is safe for crops.

The use of wood ash, rich in potassium, is advisable only on heavy clay soils, on other types of soils it will simply be washed out by melt water, and fertilization will not be beneficial. About 2 glasses of organic fertilizer are used per square meter of area.

Mineral mixtures

When choosing a complex mineral fertilizer for application on the site, you should pay attention to the inscription on the label. As a rule, formulations intended for autumn use have a corresponding mark. Such dressings practically do not contain nitrogen in the composition; instead, they have an increased concentration of phosphorus and potassium.

Of the complex fertilizers, it is recommended to pay attention to the following preparations:

  1. Monopotassium phosphate. The water-soluble fertilizer is intended for feeding any crops.
  2. Borofosk. In addition to the main components, the composition contains boron, calcium and magnesium.


Feeding stages by month

Each type of fruit trees and shrubs requires an individual approach. This applies not only to the composition of the fertilizers used, but also to the stages of their application. There are some common points that are characteristic of each spring month.

This month, the very first feeding of the year is carried out. Fertilization is carried out at the beginning of the melting of the snow cover.

For this period, funds with nitrogen are needed. They stimulate the vegetation process. It is better to use soluble mineral formulations. They are poured directly on top of the snow, which, when melted, will dissolve the fertilizer and pull it into the soil. It is necessary to prepare for such a top dressing in the fall, having well loosened the peri-stem circles.

The amount of nitrogen mixture for feeding depends on the age of the plant. For shrubs and young plantings, 40 g of fertilizer is enough, an adult tree needs about 100-120 g of the product.

The recommended dosages should be observed, since an excess of nitrogen can lead to fungal diseases and weakening of the culture's immunity.

If the plantings are located on a slope, then it is better to apply fertilizing later, since when the snow melts, the fertilizer may shift. It is also worthwhile to wait if there is a lot of snow. In this case, the fertilizer will lie on the surface for a long time, therefore it may partially evaporate.

April

This month, the deciduous part of the plantings is actively formed, flowering begins. At this stage, plants need potassium and phosphorus. These elements strengthen cultures and ensure their normal growth.

Phosphorus is essential for the strengthening of roots, their growth and fixation in the soil. Potassium activates the appearance of lateral shoots.

Phosphorus can be used in its pure form, and potassium is preferable in the composition of combined mixtures.

If the end of flowering is in April, then the plants should be fed with organic matter. Such feeding is especially important for apple and pear trees.

When the plant is actively blooming, you can use both organic matter and mineral fertilizers. Minerals can be applied by foliar application.

This month is characterized by the formation of ovaries and the beginning of fruit growth. At this stage, fruit trees and shrubs need organic matter. As a fertilizer, it is better to resort to compost, rotted manure, vermicompost.

In May, fertilizers can be applied in various ways:

  • digging
  • mixing with loose soil in the near-stem area
  • mixing with mulch (rotten leaves, straw are also used in this capacity)
  • embedding into recesses in the ground
  • foliar method.

This feeding scheme is generalized. It can be changed in accordance with the region of residence and weather conditions in a particular year.

Foliar nutrition

May is a great time for foliar feeding of trees or berry bushes. Nutrient solutions are prepared in the same way as described above, but the concentration of the active substances must be reduced.

Leaves and young shoots quickly assimilate valuable mineral components, trees are well saturated. Plants should be sprayed early in the morning or in the evening, in cloudy weather. If foliar feeding is performed on a hot sunny day, burns are guaranteed to the plant.

Still, the root method of fertilizing trees in the garden is more preferable, because this way the nutrients are absorbed longer, the plant gradually receives the necessary portion of nutrition. Foliar fertilization of the garden is convenient for summer residents who do not constantly live outside the city, and occasionally come to visit their site. Trees treated in this way do not have to be watered, which is necessary when introducing organic matter or minerals at the root.

Spring tillage in the greenhouse

The best time to enrich the soil composition in the greenhouse is late March or early April. For this, potash-phosphorus complexes, manure, humus and chicken droppings are used. For fertilizers, it is better to use humus, it will help warm the soil well and saturate it with useful substances. Using mineral potassium-phosphorus fertilizing, it is worth following the instructions and feeding the plants, carefully choosing the dosage, since improper fertilization can destroy the entire planting layer of the earth.


Replenishment of trees of different ages

As the feeding of apricots in spring, summer and autumn differs, so also the nutrition of plants, depending on their age, has its own differences. Young trunks begin to feed from the 2-3rd year of life. The mixture is prepared from chicken manure (300 g), which is diluted in 20 liters of water, a little peat or compost can be added to it. In addition to liquid fertilizer, you can feed with dry compositions of 4 kg of humus mixed with potassium sulfate (8 g), urea (7 g) and superphosphate (10 g).

4-, 5-year-old trees before blooming flowers are watered with a solution of potassium sulfate (1 tbsp. L.), Ammonium nitrate (2 tbsp. L.) In 20 liters of water. After the flowers fall off, they are again fed with the same composition.

6-, 8-year-old trees require more organic matter, they are increased by 10 kg, a portion of mineral fertilizers also need to be increased: phosphate per 100 g, potassium per 150 g.

For 9-year-old plants, organic matter needs 70 kg, phosphates - 900 g, saltpeter - 400 g, potassium - 300 g.

This is how, keeping in seasonality and taking into account the age of apricot trees, you can maintain their correct healthy development and get the maximum yield.


Watch the video: How to prune YOUNG FRUIT TREES. TIPS pruning small fruit trees


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