There are many indoor plants that are grown not only for decorative landscaping, but rather for their beneficial properties. Kalanchoe pinnate is a natural home pharmacy that is free, safe and always at hand. But how to grow this flower at home and how to properly care for it, we will tell you in more detail.
If you decide to start a Kalanchoe at home, you do not have to spend money on buying an adult plant. It is much more interesting to grow it on your own, especially since it reproduces quite easily, by rooting "children", petiole, leaf, or by separating the offspring.
Kalanchoe pinnate belongs to the group of "viviparous" plants, in which small rosettes with their own miniature leaflets are formed along the edges of the adult leaf. When these "babies" fall from the mother bush and fall into a wet substrate, they quickly take root and form an independent plant. This feature was also admired by the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who wrote: "... As from one leaf there is an innumerable number of new shoots, so from one constant love you can draw all new and new happiness."
Kalanchoe pinnate belongs to the group of "viviparous" plants
Growing a plant from daughter outlets is considered the fastest, most productive method used at home, which requires minimal maintenance.
If the flower you like does not have "children" for reproduction, then you can pinch off the lower leaves or a side shoot from it for rooting. To begin with, the selected material is left for several hours in the air, so that the cut site dries a little, and a transparent film forms on it. After that, the petiole or leaf is placed in a wet mixture of garden soil and coarse sand, and covered with a glass jar on top to create a greenhouse microclimate. In about a week, the first roots will begin to appear, and some time later new shoots will appear, indicating successful rooting.
Another way to get a new plant at home is to separate the root suckers. Most often it is used on an old plant, which already gives little "children" and itself needs rejuvenation. By pinching the top of the central stem and side branches, the development of root shoots is stimulated. When new shoots reach 5-7 centimeters, they are carefully separated from the mother plant, trying not to damage the delicate roots, and transplanted into a new pot in a permanent place. The remaining shoots can be left to rejuvenate by completely cutting off the old stem at soil level.
Video about how to grow at home
For the successful development of each plant, you need to create optimal conditions and then caring for them will not create any difficulties.
For successful development, he prefers a soil mixture consisting of humus, leafy earth and coarse sand in equal parts. A ready-made substrate designed for planting succulents is also suitable. Experienced growers recommend improving soil drainage by adding brick chips, which help regulate moisture, as well as adding wood ash, which prevents the development of fungal diseases. Correctly selected planting mixture further facilitates plant care.
In the bottom of the flower pot, holes are made to drain excess water, 2-2.5 centimeters of drainage are poured - small pebbles, gravel or expanded clay, then a layer of sand and a prepared soil mixture.
Correctly selected planting mixture further facilitates plant care
Important! After each watering, drain the water accumulated in the pan, since its stagnation leads to rotting of the root system and often the death of the plant.
Kalanchoe pinnate has all the characteristics typical of succulents, so light is vital for it. These plants are not afraid of direct sunlight, and they do not need shading even on hot July days. This feature simplifies maintenance and solves the problem of their placement in the home conditions of city apartments, where in summer it is hot on the windowsills from the sun, and in winter flower pots can be heated from the warm air rising from the radiators.
As for the temperature conditions, these "natives" of the desert climate can easily tolerate elevations up to 30 ° C, but they feel bad when the room is below 10 ° C in winter.
For the successful development of kalakhoy, the optimal room temperature is from 18 ° C to 22 ° C without sudden changes and cold drafts, so in winter it is recommended to remove the flower from the window sill during airing.
Calahoe grows quickly, wide leaves evaporate a lot of moisture. This means that the flower needs constant care, regular and proper watering.
As a houseplant, Kalanchoe pinnate is also convenient because it tolerates dry air well, which greatly facilitates caring for it at home. Even in winter, when the air in the apartment dries up due to constantly working heating devices, cacti and succulents do not need additional spraying. To say more, it can be detrimental to the Kalanchoe, since a drop of moisture remaining in the axils of leaves and shoots can provoke rotting.
Caring for a plant at home involves providing them with nutrients and essential elements. But unlike most indoor flowers, Kalanchoe does not tolerate organic dressings. With regular replanting, about once every two years, when the root system is completely braided with an earthen ball, the plant is provided with sufficient nutrition obtained from the soil. But as mineral fertilizers, an infusion of wood ash is used, added during watering or ready-made complex preparations for cacti and succulents.
Video about the proper care of blooming Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe pinnate has a whole range of useful characteristics and healing properties. Its chemical composition contains magnesium, iron, calcium, manganese, copper, aluminum and other micro- and macroelements. Contains vitamins, flavonoids, organic acids and tannins.
This composition makes it possible to successfully use kalahoe greens as an anti-inflammatory and bactericidal agent.
Kalanchoe attracts attention with its unusual beauty, bright inflorescences. In addition, the plant has medicinal properties. The time spent on care pays off with the aesthetic pleasure that everyone experiences when contemplating a blooming dwarf shrub. How to grow Kalanchoe at home, about the features of care and choosing a variety for growing will be discussed in the article.
When cultivating a succulent in a pot, it is necessary to create a favorable microclimate, then minimal care is required. In order for the plant to be comfortable in the home environment, it is important to follow the rules of maintenance:
At home, you can grow Kalanchoe from seeds or parts of an adult plant. If you create a favorable environment, the bush develops quickly and blooms regularly. In some cases, the formation of inflorescences can be caused after hours. A properly created microclimate will facilitate subsequent care.
Kalanchoe, like a houseplant, needs to find a place in the apartment. Depending on the growing season, different growing conditions are required. Good lighting is provided in spring and summer, but some species cannot tolerate direct sunlight. Variegated varieties, on the contrary, need them. To lay the buds, daylight hours should be reduced to 10 hours. At home, this can be achieved artificially by putting the plant in a closet or blocking it with thick paper a few hours before dark.
In summer, the optimum temperature for keeping Kalanchoe is + 20 ... + 25 ° C. Night changes are not terrible, so it is recommended to take flower pots outside to ensure fresh air supply. To set flower buds in autumn, lower the temperature to + 12 ... + 15 ° C. In this case, the lighting must remain sufficient.
In the absence of such premises, experienced florists recommend making a kind of screen from an old aquarium, leaning the open side against the window glass.
This will keep the plant in the same place, get enough light and keep it at a lower temperature.
In its natural environment, the culture grows in humid climatic zones. Pubescent varieties trap moisture from precipitation in leafy plates - often the only way to get the water they need for growth and development. But at home this is not required, since regular watering is carried out.
The air humidity for the Kalanchoe in the apartment is optimal, no additional humidifiers are needed. Species with a smooth leaf surface must be periodically sprayed from a spray bottle when leaving in summer; it is permissible to occasionally arrange a shower to wash off accumulated dust and dirt.
For planting Kalanchoe, it is recommended to purchase special soil for succulents and cacti. Such a substrate contains a balanced amount of nutrients, it is light, drained, does not retain liquid.
If you want to collect the soil mixture yourself, you should mix leafy earth and sand, add a little charcoal. It is undesirable to add fertilizers, since the crop grows in poor soil. It is recommended to pre-disinfect natural materials.
When purchasing a Kalanchoe, you should carefully study the description, the structure of the root system, in order to ensure proper care in the future. It is important to choose a growing container that meets the characteristics of this variety. For young specimens, it is permissible to use plastic containers, for adults - clay containers. Choose a round shape of the pot so that water and air penetrate evenly from all sides, there is no stagnation, moldy areas. The size of the container should be large enough to accommodate the roots, 2-3 cm of soil and a drainage layer with a thickness of 2 cm or more.
The flowering of Kalanchoe Kalandiva with proper care, starting in the winter months with short daylight hours, will last until mid-summer. The mode of watering, dressing at this time and during the rest period of the flower is different. For lush flowering next year, the plant needs quality rest.
Kalanchoe is a succulent, and therefore it tolerates drought more easily than overflows. Moisten the soil moderately: in summer - after the top layer of the soil has dried, in winter - when the earthy clod dries out by 2/3. In the months of active growing season, one watering every several days is usually sufficient, during the dormant period (from early September to January) - two or more times less often.
A few minutes after watering, the water accumulated in the pan is removed. The procedure is repeated several times for an hour (experienced flower growers even wipe dry both the pallet and the bottom of the pot). Waterlogging of a succulent is fraught with the development of root rot.
Water for irrigation is well defended so that chlorine comes out. It is undesirable to use a rigid one. Excess lime forms a coating on the soil surface, which impedes air access to the roots. If it is not possible to use thawed or rainwater, boil and cool the water supply.
Kalandiva needs fertilization when laying buds. As a rule, this is the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. As a top dressing, it is most useful to use ready-made mixtures intended for succulents. Organic matter is not used, since an excessive nitrogen content adversely affects the condition of the roots, provoking rotting out, and in addition, it is also the reason for the fattening of the bush, when all its forces are spent on growing leaves and shoots, and there is no strength left for flowering.
The fertilizer mixture is dissolved in water for irrigation.
Pruning Kalanchoe Kalandiva mix is practiced:
During the flowering period, Kalandiva is not disturbed by pruning, and the rest of the growing season, they pinch or cut off the branches from above at the distance of two leaves - they do this until the bush acquires the desired shape.
After wilting, the peduncles are removed so that they do not spoil the "elegant" appearance.
A sharp knife, ordinary or clerical, is suitable as a tool. If it has already been used for pruning other plants, disinfect the blade with rubbing alcohol. Breaking off shoots or tops is not recommended.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that no more than a quarter of the total volume of greenery can be removed at a time.
Kalanchoe Kalandiva is a plant with high immunity, it is very rarely sick or affected by pests - only in case of chronic violation of the rules for caring for it. If, nevertheless, an attack of pests occurs, these are, as a rule, aphids or scale insects:
Excessive watering combined with cool temperatures or drafts can cause gray mold or powdery mildew to develop. A symptom of the first of the diseases is weeping spots with a dark bloom on the leaves and stems. Powdery mildew, as the name suggests, appears like flour, a slightly sticky bloom on the trunk and foliage. In both cases, for treatment, both the flower and the soil are treated with fungicides.
Please note: immediately after purchase, the plant is left alone for a week's adaptation period. At this time, its condition is carefully monitored: is there any yellowing or browning of the leaves, their twisting. All these are signs of existing diseases or parasite infestation. In a similar situation, you cannot place the flower next to other plants.
The flowering perennial herb Kalanchoe Blossfeld (Latin Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) is a succulent member of the Fat family (Latin Crassulaceae). In the wild, it is found only in Madagascar. Sometimes on sale you can see plants under the most intricate names, for example, "Kalanchoe Brosselfeld", but this is a wrong name.
Simple Kalanchoe Blossfeld flowers
Bare branching succulent shoots form the crown of a plant up to 30 cm high. Large ovoid leaves with crenate edges are colored green or dark green, sometimes with a reddish border. The plant blooms in clusters, in which numerous buds bloom with simple, odorless, 4-petal corollas, predominantly dark red.
Note! All varieties of Blossfeld's Kalanchoe bloom from December to May.
The succulent was first described by the German botanist Karl von Pellnitz in 1934. He published an article in a periodical journal, where he gave a detailed description of the characteristics of the plant. The name is given in honor of Robert Blossfeld, a famous German breeder.
Unlike other Kalanchoe species, Blossfeld is grown for its attractive appearance. For medicinal purposes, foliage juice is used, using it as an anti-burn agent, as well as to restore damaged skin (from scratches, abrasions, cuts).
The main problem is that Blossfeld's Kalanchoe does not want to bloom, although it is the bright inflorescences that determine the decorativeness of this indoor plant, with the exception of variegated varieties.
The flowering period directly depends on the conditions of the bush, the length of daylight hours, and age. It can be induced artificially at almost any time of the year, although the plant itself throws out buds in the fall or winter. It should be borne in mind that hybrids bloom profusely only at first, then the ovaries do not appear or are formed too small.
What to do if Blossfeld's Kalanchoe does not bloom:
Kalanchoe Blossfeld is a highly decorative, unpretentious plant that requires minimal maintenance. When favorable conditions for cultivation are created, the culture blooms for a long time and profusely, almost completely hiding the green mass under bright inflorescences. This variety does not differ in strongly expressed healing properties.