The name Heuchera is now heard by most gardeners. After all, it was she who became one of the important highlights of modern landscape design. Previously, this plant looked like a nondescript green bush with delicate light bell-shaped inflorescences on a common peduncle. But thanks to the efforts of breeders, the plant from a little-known shy girl turned into a real secular lioness and is now considered almost a must have for every garden.
Geichera is a herbaceous perennial with an extensive rhizome. She is often confused with a close relative - tiarella, as well as their common descendant - geyherella. All these plants form a compact bush with decorative foliage, and when flowering, they throw out long peduncles.
Heuchera flowers are so small that they can be put in a thimble like in a vase
The easiest way to distinguish them is during flowering - in heuchera, individual flowers are in the form of simple bells, the rest flaunt with star-shaped buds or double bells. In addition, Heuchera is usually larger than Heycherella and Tiarella, but this already strongly depends on which varieties you are comparing.
Heicher got its name in honor of the German botanist Johann Heinrich von Heicher, but the homeland of this species is in the mountains of North America. Before the scientist brought this plant into the international classification, among the local residents it was called mountain undergrowth. This origin explains the rather high winter hardiness and unpretentiousness of the plant.
This colorful rug is made entirely of different varieties of Heuchera
The plant loves well-drained soil, as its roots are very sensitive to stagnant water. At the same time, the soil moisture should be sufficient, since excessive dryness also harms the plant, in the hottest period of summer it needs active watering.
You can learn how to arrange an automatic watering system for a site from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/tech/sistemy-avtomaticheskogo-poliva-uchastk.html
The main advantages are a dense crown, decorative foliage, a long flowering period, active growth and unpretentiousness... Of the shortcomings, only the tendency to aging of the bush and sensitivity to stagnation of water can be noted.
Despite the long journey that Heuchera has traveled, its flowers are not yet able to compete for attention on a par with roses and even tulips. But foliage of different varieties is simply amazing. Some bright leaves with contrasting veins are so decorative that it is difficult to notice even beautiful and large flower buds against their background. At the same time, the beauty of the crown is not lost until the very frost, and powdered with snow at the end of autumn look unusually impressive.
With such a variety of shapes of leaf plates, you can choose a contrasting option for a flower bed, or play on nuances
Many gardeners are so fascinated by the magnificence of the crown that they do not even allow the heuchera to bloom, because the inflorescences will distract attention from the leaves. If you are not planning to propagate the plant by seed, this is fine, but not necessary. During the flowering period, it looks very cute and delicate.
The Pepermint Ice variety has a traditional flower shape for heuchera, but the inflorescence is denser and the petals are brighter.
The main direction of the efforts of breeders in terms of improving heuchera is to increase the flowers and at the same time reduce the peduncle. If your plant is producing long shoots with small buds, this is clearly one of the older varieties. The second important direction is the creation of varieties with an interesting shape and color of the leaf plate. Now the spectrum of shades of the crown varies from purple to lemon-yellow, and on one sheet there can be from one to three contrasting tones.
The crown of Heuchera Plum Perfume itself looks like a large flower
I noticed that the more decorative the foliage, the more expensive the Heuchera sapling is. I understand that fashion provides consumer interest, which leads to an increase in prices. But I doubt this decor is worth the increased cost. After all, these varieties are often more capricious and require a lot of attention. As for me, it is better to take a few unpretentious seedlings with a bright monochromatic color than to constantly care for a capricious pestle.
Landscape designers simply adore Heuchera both for its variety of decorative qualities and for its non-blocky character. This plant easily gets along with any herbaceous perennials (cereals, daylilies), conifers and most shrubs. An exception can be only trees that actively take away moisture - because of them, heuchera does not receive enough water and begins to wither.
The material on the best varieties of ornamental shrubs for arranging a garden will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/dekorativnye-kustarniki-dlya-sada.html
Looking at the variety of options, it is simply impossible not to admire the hard work of the breeders.
Among the most popular varieties: blood red (the oldest subspecies), small-flowered, American (mountain geranium), hairy, cylindrical and various subspecies of modern selection. Now there are about 700 varieties. It is possible to fully appreciate the merits of each variety only in contrast with others, therefore combining 4-5 varieties on one flower bed is a traditional and winning solution..
In the gardens of Heuchera it can perform the following functions:
Heuchera bushes became an excellent edging, beautifully framing taller plants
Carved heuchera leaves are successfully combined with stone slabs of the path
Without the beauty of Heuchera, this flower bed would not have turned out to be so lush and spectacular.
Due to its mountainous origin, Heuchera becomes the best decoration of any rock garden.
The best place for a geychera is a stone dump next to a reservoir
Such a bright geychera will definitely not get lost on your site.
In the practical use of the plant, its size plays an important role - the height of an adult plant is not more than 0.5 m.That is, it will simply be lost among tall fellows, but it looks good in the foreground, can cover a bare tree trunk, looks great on mini-flower beds and in containers.
A fluffy geyhera hat looks great both in pot-bellied low tubs and in tall narrow containers
In the hands of a landscape designer, Heucher becomes a versatile tool. It will help smooth the transition from bushes to short annual grasses, and can also emphasize the difference between two similar plants (if you choose a Heuchera with a contrasting crown). She is able to add color to a discreet garden and vice versa - to muffle the variety of your flower garden. In addition, it can be planted between plants that do not get along well with each other and thus eliminate unattractive bald spots in the flower bed.
This diagram clearly shows how the sizes of the heuchera relate to other plants.
And when creating a flower garden that should remain beautiful from the beginning of spring to the beginning of winter, you simply cannot do without Heuchera. In periods when the early plants have already faded, and the later ones have not yet begun to bloom, it is this decorative leafy wand that prevents the flower bed from turning into a solid green spot. In addition to the fact that the leaves of heuchera are great in themselves, they also change color depending on the season, so the flower garden will definitely not seem boring.
You can learn more about how to break a beautiful flower garden from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/cvetnik-pered-domom-na-dache.html
Flower beds of this shape are quite simple, but they always look spectacular.
Lovers of original flower beds will also like this beauty. The crown of Heuchera is so regular and dense that inscriptions and patterns can be formed from it. Of course, in a home flower garden it is difficult to walk around and lay out a picture, but in urban landscaping such properties will be very useful. You can, for example, plant the coat of arms of the city from different shades on the central flowerbed.
Pay attention to the border of the flower bed - the colors literally shimmer from plant to plant until the pale red turns into a rich wine
By the way, the vast palette of crowns of this plant allows landscape designers to play in halftones. An example of a Heuchera border with a color transition from Burgundy Palace Purple to pink berry Berry Smoothie has already become a classic and is often copied by gardeners. But such a frame can also be created in yellow (from lemon Caramel to fiery orange Delta Down), purple (in the beginning - Endless Purple, in the end - Purple Palace) and green tones (starting with bright lime Lime Marmalade and ending with variegated Green Spice) ... A skilled gardener will also be able to take advantage of the difference in shading in one variety, which arises from the difference in shading, and make the available palette even more varied.
Geykhera is not the most noticeable part of the bouquet, but it will give it volume and airiness.
Geykhera proved to be excellent not only in a flower bed, but also in bouquets. For ikebana, both beautiful foliage and delicate inflorescences are used. All parts of the plant are highly resistant - the finished bouquet looks fresh for more than 4 weeks.
Geykhera is able to retain the bright color of its leaves even when it grows in shade, but most of all she loves openwork partial shade. Important: varieties with red leaves must receive enough sunlight, otherwise the crown will turn green.
The soil should be moderately moist, well fluffed and drained. In addition to the correct soil moisture, pay attention to its pH. Heuchera grows best in a neutral environment, therefore, acidified earth must be neutralized, and alkaline must be acidified.... In the first case, a defect / flour (waste of sugar production) or lime solution will help out, and in the second - ash. The selected ingredient must be added to the soil mixture when planting. When planting in clay soil, prepare a soil mixture with peat and sand.
The best time to plant is from May to June, this plant likes well-warmed soil. If you live in the south of the country, disembarkation is possible already in March-April. Residents of the northern part of the Russian Federation need to finish work by July. It is desirable that the weather be gloomy on the day of planting, and on a sunny day it is worth building a shading shelter for the seedling.
When planting any plant, I always add a little natural fertilizer, as a rule, this is always beneficial. I don’t put much, because my friend ruined the young roots precisely with excessive enthusiasm. Yes, and in the first years of arranging the site herself, she overdid it a couple of times. But in my memory, Heuchera became the only plant for which top dressing is categorically contraindicated.... If you also like to pamper your green pets with tasty things, be sure to remember this feature. Top dressing is a classic example of grief from the mind. Indeed, due to additional nutrients, it not only grows well, but also ages many times faster. And this means that you will have to fight the consequences of aging not in three years, but already in the next. So geyhera is a great option for gardeners who do not like to mess around in a flower bed for a long time.
Experienced gardeners and beginners alike usually prefer vegetative propagation methods for this plant - dividing the rhizome or rooting cuttings. It is prone to active growth, so cut shoots take root quickly and successfully. Therefore, a cut 4-centimeter shoot is not even kept in water, but simply stuck into the ground in a greenhouse. Within a month, such an shoot becomes a full-fledged plant and can decorate a flower bed.
The second method is dividing the bush. This is one of the necessary stages in the life of a plant, without which it is not able to maintain its decorative effect and may even die.... The work is extremely simple: you need to cut the rhizome into several separate parts and plant them using the usual technology, providing the necessary moisture and shading. The main thing is to carry out the procedure in autumn or spring and do not forget to deepen the bare stem into the ground.
But the easiest way is to propagate Heuchera by stepchildren. Some varieties form shoots that take root when they enter the ground. They are specially bent to the ground and the sprout feeds from the main plant until it takes root. So the gardener gets a tenacious planting material with little or no effort.
The best clue about the need for a Heuchera transplant is the shape of the bush. As it ages, the lower leaves die off and the plant looks like a cabbage stump. If you do not strive to grow a semblance of a palm tree, but want to get a semicircular bush with a dense crown, divide it as soon as the shape of the plant from a hemisphere begins to turn into an egg-shaped one. It is often sufficient to simply cut off the top and then root it separately. By the way, tiarella and geyherella are relieved of this deficiency and require division twice less often.
The propagation of ornamental plants by seeds is a long, laborious and responsible process. But if you do decide to implement it, be prepared to take care of the young growth for about a year.
If the expiration date is not indicated on the packaging at all, such seeds should not be taken.
Seeds remain viable for only 6-7 months (most other perennials - 12-13 months), so when buying, take a close look at the date... If you collected the material yourself, try to use it until the end of next spring.
If the seeds are fresh, heuchera shoots appear very amicably.
Heuchera seeds are very small, so the container for their cultivation is selected shallow (a bowl, a plastic plate) and is not deeply deepened when planting. The soil can be used purchased or garden with the addition of perlite (only heat before planting to get rid of weeds and pests). It is most convenient to sow Heuchera by first mixing the seeds with sand and distributing this mixture over the surface of the earth. The garden bed prepared in this way is covered with a film or a lid so that the seeds germinate in the greenhouse, and then they are placed in a sunny place. You need to ventilate the structure regularly, even before germination.
After 15–20 days, the first shoots will appear on the garden bed and it will be necessary to reduce the greenhouse effect so that they receive enough air. Sprouts with 2 leaves should be planted in rows at a distance of 6 cm from each other. The growing period before planting in open ground is 11–12 months.
Such babies are already ready to start the life of adult plants, they can be planted outdoors.
Hearing that the seeds of Heuchera are small, I imagined crumbs a little less than a poppy seed. But it turned out that the seeds are almost microscopic. After all, each flower the size of a nail forms a box of 20,000 seeds! Such small fry cannot be planted one by one, even with a toothpick.So don't create extra thinning work for yourself - use the sand trick.
The most traumatic period for Heuchera is spring. Until the ground warms up, the roots will not be able to begin their functions. But the leaves at this time are already actively evaporating moisture and the plant begins to dry. Therefore, as soon as warming begins, a mini-greenhouse should be organized, which will not allow moisture loss. It is usually enough to shade old plants with some covering material.
More active chores will begin only when the ground is warmer and you can loosen and mulch the flower bed. Geykhera responds very well to these procedures and pleases with a dense crown. But you need to work very carefully - its roots are very close to the surface. At the same time, fertilizers are applied under the bush, but only once - in the second year of its life.
If the right moment for feeding is missed, apply fertilizer at the end of the growing season and spill the soil abundantly. The plant will not be able to immediately use the treat and will not outgrow. It is optimal to use a commercial fertilizer for deciduous plants.
Like most other plants, Heuchera will appreciate watering during the driest period of summer. But you do not need to be too zealous in this matter - stagnant water is destructive for the roots. Evening sprinkling will be the best option, but the plant will not refuse drip irrigation either. During the period of active growth, it is also necessary to re-mulch.
Traditional mulching with bark chips works well for Heuchera
It can be argued that Heuchera is one of the most undemanding inhabitants of the flower bed. Even diseases attack it extremely rarely and in 90% of cases as a result of waterlogging or overfeeding. Therefore, remember: the lazy gardener Heuchera is prettier.
If a disease has already been found on your bush, you need not only to provide drainage, but also to heal the green pet. Spraying with a fungicide will save you from powdery mildew, and Bordeaux liquid from spotting and rust. In the fight against beetle larvae, nematodes, slugs and caterpillars, insecticides become a good help. And in any case, damaged leaves / shoots / roots must be removed.
Geykhera usually does not shed its leaves before winter, so she prepares a shelter for herself from the cold. The gardener only needs to mulch the ground around the bush. In the Moscow region, most varieties winter well without additional shelter, and only the most thermophilic varieties need to be protected. Among the minions are the Caramel variety and its close relatives. For more northern regions and places with little snowy winters, it is recommended to cover the Heuchera with spruce branches, geotextiles or other moisture and heat insulating material. If the material of the shelter breathes, then it can be left until May to protect the bush from spring shocks. Important: it is best to remove the shelter on a rainy May morning, so the plant will receive minimal stress..
In order to find out whether it is necessary to shelter a Heuchera in your climatic region, you do not need to shovel tons of literature, you just need to look around. For example, I have only four species of herbaceous perennials and they all winter well without shelter. Therefore, it is logical to assume that Heuchera can easily endure the frost. If you have to constantly cover garden flowers, then the most frost-resistant Heuchera cannot be an exception. Even if the description of the variety indicates that the plant tolerates severe cold, it is better to play it safe and cover it. You don't need to reinvent the wheel in cover technology either - just use the method that is most convenient for you, which you use to cover other plants.
One of the most common troubles among the owners of Heuchera is the freezing of the rhizome of an already adult plant. It happens that for 2-3 years the flower hibernates perfectly and only then manages to suffer even from light frosts. This happens due to the fact that heuchera roots constantly strive to leave the ground and become bare, and in this state they are more vulnerable to cold and disease. To prevent this from happening, you need to regularly pour earth under the geyher so that there is a small mound in the root circle.
The specified part of the plant should not be bare, then the Heuchera will not hurt and freeze
Another common problem is rhizome decay. As a rule, it is associated with stagnant water in the soil and insufficient drainage layer. If the soil in your garden is wet and clayey, it is worth organizing a bulk flower bed with a more suitable soil for the heuchera, or planting it in a large container. If geychera grew normally for several years and only then began to suffer from rot, then it’s time to update it. It is necessary to remove the dead parts of the rhizome and divide the bush, and when planting new bushes, organize good drainage.
Some geyher varieties age very quickly. Already at 3-4 years of age, the upper shoots of the bush are stretched so strongly that the rhizome cannot provide them with food, such stems quickly wither and dry. If your plants are also short-lived, you just need to separate them. To do this, the heuchera is completely dug out, the dead parts of the bush are removed up to the living buds, the rhizome is cut into fragments and planted. This rejuvenated bush will grow well for the next few years. Then the procedure can be repeated, or simply prevent the growth of the bush, removing some of the shoots in advance.
I just want to use such a magnificent leaf in a bouquet.
The first chance to acquire a Heuchera came to me during a visit to a relative. She offered to give a bush with interesting lurid leaves, but she immediately explained that she needs to be transplanted into a deeper hole every year. Otherwise, the roots will be exposed and the plant will disappear. At that time, I was afraid that with such a capricious woman I would have to mess too much and did not take her. And only two years later I learned that such a radical departure is not at all necessary - adding earth to the root circle is quite enough. Now I regret that I did not shelter such a pretty girl on my site. Do not repeat my mistakes - use the benefits of the Internet and check the information in several sources. After all, now, even in a remote village, using the phone, you can find out the ins and outs of any plant in 15 minutes.
If you have been looking for a plant for a long time that will make your garden beautiful and varied, but at the same time does not require attention, be sure to plant a Heuchera. Rest assured, this beauty with bright leaves will definitely not disappoint you.
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It's no secret that almost all modern plant varieties are complex hybrids and, when propagated by seed, do not repeat their parental properties. Garden heychera is no exception in this regard. But, nevertheless, it is worth paying to seed propagation method this plant with amazingly colored foliage. Because if you collect seeds from plants in your own garden and plant them, you can get a large number of seedlings of various colors. Such breeding work is very interesting in terms of the fact that initially you do not know what will turn out, but very beautiful seedlings can turn out
It is also worth collecting seeds from geyher because they have a rather short shelf life, only six months. If the seeds are packed in foil, then the period can increase up to one and a half years. But this does not give any guarantee, since it is not known how the seeds were stored before packaging. And those seeds that are found on sale do not differ in variety. The most common variety of Heuchera seeds sold are plants with common green leaves and carmine red flowers.
Even a novice florist will understand how to sow heuchera seeds.
Seeds do not require stratificationlike most other perennials. Therefore, this plant planting by seeds in spring is possible.
The soil in the planting container should be loose, it is advisable to add sand to it. On the forums, you can even find messages about planting Heuchera seeds in clean sand. This method prevents the appearance of pathogens with excessive moisture.
Heuchera seeds are rather small, so they are planted superficially, without falling asleep with soil. The container is placed in the brightest place in the room and covered with glass or plastic.
In order to prevent excessive moisture, the glass or film must be turned over every day. This removes condensation and creates air circulation for the seedlings.
Geychera ‘Obsidian’ (Coral Bells)
Seedlings appear in about three weeks. Seedlings dive after the appearance of three true leaves.
Lovers of geyher are advised to water the plantings of geyher with water, to which lemon juice is added, such watering balances the acidity of the soil.
Young plants are kept at home until the threat of recurrent frosts, which can damage the delicate leaves, has passed.
Geykhera is a unique perennial plant belonging to the saxifrage family that grows well in flower beds, gardens and parks.
The plant requires relatively little maintenance, does not have special requirements for the soil. These are evergreen garden perennials, one of the few species that retain their decorative appearance all year round, even in winter. In winter, heucheras usually do not lose the aerial part, in spring they produce new leaves from the root system.
The fashion for growing Heuchera appeared in the 90s of the 20th century - initially they were used mainly to decorate balconies and terraces, as an addition to flowering plants. The homeland of the perennial is North America. In the wild, geychera grow on slopes and rocks in Canada and Mexico.
The most decorative part of the plant is the leaves on long stalks, which are heart-shaped or rounded. Individual varieties differ significantly. In addition to the standard shades of green, the leaves are yellow, red, purple, blue, varieties with an interesting pattern on the surface are popular. The plant is not too tall - the maximum height is 40-45 cm. Heuchera creates a rather dense bush, which enhances its decorative character.
The flower got its name in honor of the famous German botanist Johann von Heicher.
Heuchera flower sometimes blooms, but not particularly attractive. Paniculate inflorescences appear from June to April (single - from May).
Inflorescences with bell-shaped small flowers, green, white or pink, are not particularly attractive.
Only Heuchera × brizoides is distinguished by its decorative flowers.
Photo. Geykhera quaggy - flowers
The main advantage of Heuchera is that it is decorative all year round, regardless of flowering.
To show all the beauty, the plant should be planted in a large group. You can freely mix species and varieties - in such a multi-colored combination, the flower looks the most beautiful, especially varieties of small-flowered (Heuchera micrantha) and blood-red heuchera crane (heuchera sanguinea). Shrubs and other landscape plants that bloom in spring create a good background for varieties with decorative leaves.
Geykhera is a dense compact bush, which includes leathery long-petioled leaf plates with a serrated edge. The color and shape of the leaves are very diverse. They can be almost black, maroon, pink, yellow, deep red, amber, purple, green and even silvery, on their surface there are a variety of veins, patterns, specks and specks. The texture of the leaf plates is corrugated, smooth and curly. Bushes adorn flowers throughout the summer period, and in some cases even until the first frost. Panicle inflorescences consist of small bells of white, red, pink or cream color. The fruit is a box in which there are numerous seeds the size of a poppy seed (1 g contains about 20 thousand seeds).
In landscape design, such a flower has been used for a long time. All varieties are divided by designers into 2 categories: decorative flowering (for example, blood-red or red) and decorative leafy (they originated from American heuchera).
Ideally, you should try to plant Heuchera in semi-shaded areas, where there is a moderate amount of sunlight and mainly in the morning. Otherwise, you need to strictly monitor the regularity of watering.
Heuchera grows well in almost any type of soil (it is desirable only that it is not sour). It should be remembered that the plant cannot tolerate the accumulation of moisture at the roots. Heuchera is planted either with seeds or seedlings.
The seedling method is preferable. It increases the likelihood of rich and beautiful blooms.
Seedlings are preliminarily grown in a special container-greenhouse. Then they are transplanted into open ground, 3 cm deep is enough, the distance from each other is at least 20-30 cm.
It is desirable that the soil is loose, this will provide air supply to the roots. It germinates in about 20-30 days.
In the first year of growth, it is undesirable to feed Heuchera. It is recommended to regularly, but at the same time water it moderately, no more than three times a week. You need to water the area directly under the bush.
On especially hot days, it is allowed to water several times, mainly in the morning and evening.
Geichera is loved by many landscape designers who find it in various uses. After all, such an unthinkable color palette with various shades cannot be found in any other flower culture. Undoubtedly, a big plus in growing geyher is that the foliage of the plant decorates your garden from early spring until the first frost.
Geichera decorates the garden until the frost
Heuchera is used both in single-species plantings and in mixed group plantings.
Heuchera is used both in single-species plantings and in mixed group plantings. Photo foter.com
Plants retain their shape with age, which can be used to create borders or flower beds of strict geometric shapes or patterns.
Heuchera can be combined with a variety of dwarf shrubs. It is good to combine it with astilba, hosta, brunner, badan, primroses and ornamental cereals. For other plants suitable for composing with Heuchers, see Geicher's article: Beauty Parade.