If you live in a private house, then it is probably difficult to imagine your plot of land without a path. It combines a house with a vegetable garden, a well or a playground. You can make a track out of anything. You can spend money and buy special stones, paving slabs or paving stones. And you can be creative, and make a path from hemp yourselfwhile saving money.
What tree species are suitable for creating a path? Oak and larch are ideal as they do not rot for a long time. But if you do not have such trees, then use any wood. Hornbeam, acacia, beech are also resistant. Cut trees that grow in the garden and no longer bear fruit will do. You can use old, dry or damaged trees that you do not mind cutting down.
A variety of materials can be used to create a garden path:
Garden path made of natural stone
Incredible pebble path in different shades and sizes
Spectacular, solid stone path in front of the mansion
Artificial stone garden path
Brick path - beautiful, but short-lived
Brick garden path
Paving slabs are ideal material for garden paths
Garden path from paving slabs
The fill path looks great in the garden landscape
Filled gravel path with wooden elements
Loose gravel path
Filled path with concrete elements for easy movement
Garden path made of wood
Garden path made of wood
Original concrete path
A winding path made of concrete slabs harmoniously looks in the landscape
Spectacular walkway made of transverse concrete slabs
Garden path from garden parquet
The path from the garden parquet looks pretty solid
For very rough terrain and also for places where people do not walk too often, a path of separate (single) stones is suitable. In addition, this option is suitable for cases where the path is very long - to pave it with a continuous canvas, significant costs will be required. Such a path is invisible, but at the same time it is very decorative, in good harmony with the lawn.
True, so that it does not finally get lost in the grass, "stones" (a common name, it can be a tile, cuts of trees or separately, specially poured from concrete, a stone) must be made wide enough. The distance between individual stones is 50-60 cm (average stride length during a quiet walk).
Spectacular path of single stones
A significant element of the garden path is the curb, which often remains in some shade. On the one hand, it complements the paving area and complements the pavement material in an attractive and stylish way. But its practical value is much more important - it strengthens and helps to maintain the shape of the track structure.
A garden path on the site, laid out of paving slabs with its own hands, experiences the greatest load in autumn / spring - moisture and dirt get into the seams, which inevitably remain when laying the tiles. Expanding when freezing, it expands the gaps - without the curb, the track canvas will simply "disperse", and the tile will collapse. In addition, it helps to evenly, over the entire area of the canvas, to share the load and protects the path from overgrowing with plants.
The curb restrains the shape of the track and visually gives it completeness
And, of course, you cannot do without a border if you make garden paths with your own hands from bulk material - pebbles, rubble or just sand. In this case, it, as a limiter, simply does not allow the material of the track to crumble in different directions.
The curb is an important element of the track, keeping it from scattering
When conducting even a superficial analysis of the cost of certain types of materials from which it is customary to make garden paths, one can come to the conclusion that paths made of marble chips, crushed stone and gravel are considered the cheapest and most practical. It is not difficult to create them, and the performance will not disappoint anyone.
Brick, both solid and broken, can be successfully used for the budget construction of paths on the site. It is good if it does not need to be specially purchased for this purpose. Perhaps he was left behind during the dismantling of an old stove or some kind of structure. Wooden hemp is an original and low-cost way of laying garden paths. The same can be said about plastic bottles, which can be collected as much as you want.
Garden paths made of plastic tiles
The next material that does not require large costs for installation is concrete. It is strong enough, practical and durable. If you use dyes, then you can make noteworthy tracks from it. Moreover, for some time now, various forms for the manufacture of garden paths have appeared on sale.
Geotextile: what it is and how it is used in construction. Types of geotextiles and their features, advantages of use, styling. How does the density of geotextiles affect its application?
Clastic material is not expensive, especially in places where it is abundant in nature itself. Therefore, the construction of tracks from it can be attributed to low-cost forms. Let's figure out how to lay a path from rubble or gravel. This is not at all difficult to do. Before starting work, you need to stock up on the right amount of debris, sand and cement. Crushed stone, gravel, stone chips and even brick fragments will do.
Pebble garden path
On the site, it is necessary to mark the contours of the future track. If your garden is arranged in a classic style, then the paths should be made straight and it is better to use curbs. The landscape style, on the other hand, involves curvilinear shapes with natural obstacle avoidance. Along the entire contour, the soil and sod are excavated to a solid base. The amount of material that will be needed to fill it depends on the depth of the resulting trench.
Sand is placed at the bottom of the dug trench with a layer of 5 cm thick. It is carefully tamped. Then a layer of rubble is poured onto the sand, at least 7 - 10 cm. They try to tamp this layer into the sand, as tightly as possible. When a relatively flat surface is obtained, the gaps between the crushed stone are filled with a concrete solution. The resulting canvas remains dry for 7 to 10 days.
Filled path using pebbles
Helpful advice! To make the crushed stone path look more aesthetically pleasing and not creep out over time, you need to use a border. For this purpose, old concrete stepsons from electrical poles, steel or plastic poles, bricks and many other items are suitable.
You can arrange an inexpensive brick path as follows. We need an old, but not cracked brick in a large enough amount. The brick is laid in two ways: on a plane and on an edge. The second option requires more bricks, but it is more reliable. You can create a very original pattern by combining red and white bricks.
The edges of the walkway are decorated with bricks
In the prepared trench, we arrange a sand pillow, which we compactly tamp and pour with water. When the sand settles well, we begin to lay the bricks. This can be done in different patterns: a cross on a cross, a herringbone, a snake or a zigzag. You can create an ornament from bricks of different colors.
Paving stones and large stone in the design of paths
First, one row of several bricks is laid. To align them, use a rubber mallet and an ordinary board, which is placed on the entire row and level it. When laying subsequent rows, they are guided by the first. After the required area has been laid, the bricks are bonded. To do this, prepare a dry mixture of sand and cement in a ratio of 3: 1. The finished composition is poured onto the track and scattered with a brush so that all the seams between the bricks are filled. After that, the path is slightly watered with water from a spray bottle.
The construction of garden paths with your own hands at low cost can be done using very waste material. An example is paths made from tree cuts. For their manufacture, logs are sawn into stumps with a height of 10 - 15 cm. The workpieces are treated with any antiseptic so that they can serve at least 3 - 4 years.
Then a pit is prepared for the path. For this, sod is removed and sand is poured, which is rammed. The stumps are installed close to each other or at some distance. The gaps are covered with sand or fine gravel.
Original path using wood
Helpful advice! The gaps between the stumps can be filled with turf or lawn grass. This will add extra naturalness to the track.
Homemade wooden hemp walkway
Concrete is a very strong and quite durable material. However, its gray dull color is not always pleasing. Therefore, in order to avoid monotony, when making concrete tracks, it is recommended to add colors of various colors to the solution. Concrete paths can be monolithic, which are made like a conventional screed with the addition of reinforcement.
However, a more advanced method is to make concrete paths using a garden path mold. They are produced in plastic or silicone.
Diagram of creating a garden path using a do-it-yourself form
To make a beautiful and modern track, it is enough to install one or several molds in a line and fill them with a solution. After a few hours, the molds are moved further and the next section is poured. Paths built in such an original and convenient way look so presentable, as if they were made of expensive ceramic tiles, if dye is added to the composition.
Whatever option for making garden paths with your own hands at low cost is chosen, the main thing is that the resulting object fits perfectly into the design of your site, is practical, and a minimum of funds was spent on its device.
Wooden paths are a stylish solution that will emphasize the beauty and aesthetics of your site. Wooden paths are environmentally friendly and natural, have a long service life and look great without additional maintenance. The advantage of this type of track is that it can be easily done independently and without the help of specialists. Before starting work, you need to carefully familiarize yourself with the types of wooden paths, features and laying technologies. The laying of wood paths in the garden is similar, regardless of the type of material used, however, each type of wood has its own distinctive features.
Varieties of wooden paths
Depending on the type of wood used, there are different types of wooden paths for the garden and the local area. Let's take a look at the main types of such constructions:
1. From a wood saw. Paths of this type can be made of dies, hemp, cuts or cuts, as well as other ends of the logs. The paths are always partially dug into the soil, which is their peculiarity.
2. From the boards. Such garden paths are made from planks that remain after the construction of a house or are bought to order. Plank paths can be shaped into any shape by hand-crafting the wood. Beams or boards can be laid on the surface of the soil, in the ground or as masonry. The method of laying wooden planks is often used when there is a high level of groundwater on the site. After laying the boards, they must be lubricated with a coating waterproofing compound or drying oil, so that the tracks did not slip in winter and autumn, and also did not deform under the influence of moisture. Laying geofabric or ordinary film is also obligatory. These measures will help to extend the life of wooden tracks. Penotex will help to give the garden path the desired color.
3. From a bar. Laying this type of garden path is in many ways similar to laying wooden planks. The differences are only in lumber. The timber is more reliable, stable and durable, although its cost is higher than that of wooden boards. You can lay the timber in between or in a continuous row. During intermediate laying, the voids between the beams are filled with pebbles, gravel, granite axial gravel.
4. From the shields. Composites or boards made of wood are used as a material for laying such tracks. Most often, paths are constructed from garden parquet.
5. Curly. Such paths are given a special blank during the preliminary processing of the wood before laying. This is a popular option for decorating a garden with stylish paths, albeit quite time consuming. However, even the most complex shapes can be cut out of the boards yourself. And it is better to entrust the creation of real masterpieces of art to professionals. The style of the path depends on the shape of the tree. It can be any geometric shapes or a whole well-thought-out composition.
6. From mulch. Bark paths are of the seasonal type, as the shells of nuts or mulch quickly cake and become unusable. Periodically, such paths need to be renewed, adding mulch. Also, for laying such paths, it is necessary to install curbs along the edge, otherwise the structure will crumble, and mulch will be spread throughout the site by animals and people.
7. From the shell. A special type of temporary paths that perform a decorative rather than a practical function in the garden. This is due to the fact that the shell of a pine nut quickly breaks under the weight of an animal and a person. You can decorate flower beds with such shell paths, separate flower beds with material, and various landscape compositions.
eight.Made from bamboo stems and branches. Tracks of this type are also decorative. They are a separate aesthetic object in the garden, but in practical use they are significantly inferior to wooden paths and paths made of timber or cut. You will need branches, thin tree trunks, or bamboo stalks to lay the paths.
Many single-level as well as multi-layer paths can be made of wood and wood materials. Both multi-tiered and flat paths look very harmonious and stylish.
How to make wood paths non-slip
To prevent the paths from slipping in winter and late autumn, the boards should be impregnated with special compounds. If the boards from which the track construction is planned are varnished, it must be removed. Lacquered wood will certainly slide when exposed to moisture. You can also install special rubber islands on top of the tracks, which will prevent slipping.
The paths made of bamboo stalks, mulch and nutshells do not slip, as they have a large fraction of the material.
Features of laying wooden paths
The technology for constructing paths made of wood materials is very similar. The following algorithm of actions is most often used: Marking a path using a rope, tape measure and a peg. The optimal width of the path made of wood is from fifty to one hundred centimeters.
Preparation of the base. On the entire marked area of the future path, it is necessary to remove the top layer of soil. The optimum depth depends on the wood material you choose. Most often, the laying depth varies from twenty to forty centimeters.
Sand and gravel pad. In place of the harvested soil, a layer of waterproofing material or a dense black film should be laid. This will prevent rapid deterioration of the natural material and the growth of various weeds under the path. The layer of film should be covered with gravel or river sand, which will act as an excellent drainage for the track.
Laying the curb along the edge of the dug trench.
Laying wood material depending on the selected type of path. Previously, the materials must be cut in accordance with the width and length of the path, and also processed using a machine or planer. Further, the boards will be pro-olified, covered with a wood antiseptic, a special waterproofing compound and bitumen. The processed material is placed in the trench, depending on the desired location, without or at intervals. The distance, if provided, can be in the range of five to eight centimeters.
Leveling the wood material and compacting it with a mallet. The rubber base of the tool will not damage the lumber. But it is not advisable to use a hammer.
Filling the gaps between boards or beams with gravel, pebbles or small fraction of stones.
Wooden paths in the garden are an excellent natural version of paths in a summer cottage, which is not only easy to lay out, but also very environmentally friendly. Wooden paths protect from moisture and dirt in rainy weather, decorate the site and give it a special look. Walnut-shell paths, paths from logs and timber, which will certainly become elements of garden design, look great in the garden. If the wood is processed correctly and with high quality, you can even walk barefoot along the paths. The special advantage of wooden paths is that they do not crumble during the winter season.
Subscribe to our channel in Yandex. Zen! Everything about the garden, vegetable garden, flower care, planting calendar, working technologies and much more on the pages of our blog. Together we will make your dream garden!
And even more useful articles on the site Dream garden!
This pretty do-it-yourself garden path was built using durable pre-made polystyrene molds that are readily available everywhere.
The result will look something like this
The forms themselves for the garden path may look like this:
Form for a garden path. Photo from the site telemagazin24.ru
Their cost varies from 160 to 900 rubles. You and I will need at least 4 identical shapes.
You can choose the appropriate forms using our market, where products from different online stores are presented. View a selection of paving slabs molds.
1. First, determine the location and width of the garden paths using pegs and rope. Here I want to note: such shapes, like puzzles, easily adjoin each other, and the size is, as a rule, 60x60 cm, which is quite enough for a narrow garden path. If you want to build a track wider - 1.2 m, then fold the two forms not along, but across the bed.
2. Now arm yourself with a shovel and dig a trench 8-10 cm deep along the intended bed. Tamp the earth well. For this, it is better to use an electric vibrator, you can also tamp the ground manually, but this will require a lot of effort. Pour a layer of rubble or pebbles (3-4 cm) into a well-tamped trench, and pour river sand (5-6 cm) on top. Before placing the mold, sprinkle the sand with plenty of water using a spray hose. Then grease the molds with machine oil (in the absence of, you can use ordinary vegetable oil) and set them on wet sand.
Form in the trench. Photo from the site sameto.com.ua
3. Prepare the mortar: cement - 1 part, sand - 3 parts and crushed stone - 4 parts. Add a special binding mixture for the foundation and, adding water, begin to stir the solution, bringing it to the consistency of thick sour cream. And so that your garden path with your own hands shines with multi-colored paints, add the dye of the desired color to the solution.
Preparing the solution. Photo from the site sameto.com.ua
4. Then fill the molds with a trowel to the brim, avoiding air bubbles, and then remove the excess solution with a previously prepared plastic rail (for this purpose, you can make an iron one).
Fill in the solution. Photo from the site sameto.com.ua
The solution "grabs" in 30-40 minutes, the forms can be carefully removed, put them further along the path of the future path and repeat the procedure. Molds are removed from semi-baked cement quite easily (unless, of course, you forgot to lubricate them))
We remove the form. Photo from the site sameto.com.ua
5. Until the solution is completely dry, you can decorate the path with pieces of colored tiles, porcelain stoneware, beautiful stones or other material. You just need to press the decorations a little into the cement, and after the mortar has completely dried, they will stick very tightly.
Now the most difficult phase of the work remains)) - to protect your newly created masterpiece from the encroachments of pets or the pampering of children, because the cement mortar will completely dry out only after 2-3 days, and even then - subject to sunny weather. Therefore, think over "defensive measures", put up signs with an inscription or temporary fences.
As you can see, building a beautiful garden path with your own hands is not at all difficult. True, you will have to work wonderfully)) But after all, you create convenience and beauty for yourself, and not for one year, so you should show diligence and imagination in order to ultimately enjoy the fruits of your work. Good luck to you!