Potatoes are different. Choosing a variety for planting, I want it to have everything: an attractive bush, and beautiful, tasty, healthy fruits, and resistance to diseases and pests. Unpretentiousness in cultivation and resistance to unfavorable weather conditions are also desirable. Even for such fastidious gardeners, breeders have an interesting offer - a domestic potato variety called Blueness.
Blueness is a medium late potato variety that ripens in 80–100 days from the moment of germination. Widely distributed in Moldova and Ukraine. In Russia, it is recommended for growing in the North Caucasus, Volgo-Vyatka, Central and Central Black Earth regions. One of the best Russian varieties included in the register of breeding achievements, for table and industrial purposes (undergoing processing to obtain dry puree and starch), intended for growing in the open field. This is the seed potato of the Timiryazev Academy, which owes its appearance to breeders from VNIIKH im. A.G. Lorkha.
Blueness - a variety of dining and industrial use
Blue is the clearest example of the successful experience of breeders, which has a number of advantages:
There were no deficiencies in the variety. There are just a few guidelines. To prevent the tubers from deformed, you need:
The fact that the variety was zoned for 36 regions of Russia confirms its superiority.
Blueness bushes are usually medium in size, not spreading, with small leaves. Many gardeners grow this variety for its beautiful light blue flowers. He got the name precisely for them. The peculiarity of the plant is in a powerful root system, which, in a dry period, goes into the lower layers of the soil and takes moisture from there.
Blueness is very beautiful in bloom, because of the pale blue shade of flowers, the variety got its name
Tubers reach a weight of 90-150 grams, rounded-oblong, with a thin white skin and few eyes. During heat treatment, the white pulp does not darken, it boils well, therefore it is well suited for making mashed potatoes. Both the appearance of the tubers and their content make the variety ideal for sales.
Variety Blueness is also suitable for cultivation for sale
Potatoes are planted in early May, in warm spring they can be planted earlier. When choosing a sowing date, be guided by the recommendations of the lunar calendar and check the weather conditions. The soil should be warmed up to 6-7 degrees Celsius. Tubers at this temperature absorb nutrients as much as possible, and at a higher temperature, only nitrates.
If planted later, the potato may not sprout at all, and if it grows and yields a crop, then its taste will be far from perfect. For a good yield, the recommended planting scheme is 70 * 30 cm. To increase the amount of planting material, it is permissible to cut large tubers. This will not lead to a decrease in the yield of this variety. The best place to grow potatoes is after winter crops, legumes, flax or annual grasses.
Planting potatoes is possible in two ways:
Ridge planting is recommended for dry soil
General rules for planting potatoes:
The largest yield of potatoes is given in the first 4 years of cultivation. Over the years, it accumulates diseases and, as a rule, in the fifth year, its yield drops sharply. An update of the planting material is required. It can be bought from a variety of reputable agricultural firms. Many vegetable growers plant potatoes in seedlings, seeds. Buying Blue Seeds is problematic, but you can grow your own. To do this, in the fall, berries are harvested from the bushes, brought to ripeness, the seeds are taken out, washed and dried. As practice shows, the seeds obtained in this way have better germination than purchased ones.
You can prepare potato seeds yourself
Planting potato seeds for seedlings begins in late March - early April. Before that, the seeds are soaked for 1-2 weeks, wrapped in a cloth and controlling its constant moisture content.
Seeds are planted only when they hatch
The hatched seeds are planted in boxes or pots with a mixture of soil and humus in a ratio of 1: 4, respectively. Crops until emergence are kept under a film or glass shelter, periodically opened for ventilation. You can plant seeds in furrows according to the scheme 10 * 1 cm or in bulk. In the second option, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving the strongest shoots.
Young potato plants are very moody
Two weeks after mass germination, the plants are transplanted into peat pots so that the cotyledon leaves are in the soil. Seedling care consists in watering as needed with warm water and removing weeds. In the middle or end of May, depending on the weather, the plants can be planted on the garden bed according to the 70 * 25 scheme.
When warm weather is established, the seedlings are planted in the ground
The disadvantages of growing with seeds is that it is very troublesome, since potato seedlings, in comparison with other crops, are very capricious in terms of growing:
But this all compensates for the quality of the resulting material. When planted with seeds, not potatoes for food grow, but mini-tubers, from which in the second year you will get super-elite potatoes with excellent taste and high resistance to diseases. Then for three years you will receive elite potatoes, and in the fifth year you will need to renew the planting material again.
Caring for potatoes means weeding, loosening the soil, hilling, watering and fertilizing.
Blueness requires careful watering at least three times during the entire growth period.
After watering and rains, it is recommended to loosen the soil to provide oxygen access to the roots, for better tuber formation. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the lower part of the plants.
Hilling plants as they grow. When sprinkling earth on the lower part of the stem, numerous stolons are formed and a larger number of tubers can be obtained from one bush.
Hilling plants contributes to the formation of additional stolons
Fertilizers are applied for the first time at planting, then at watering. Bird droppings, mullein, herbal and nettle infusions are well suited for potatoes.
Blueness is relatively resistant to Y virus, scab, potato cancer, rot, Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, mosaic viruses. Resistance to late blight is weak. If the plant is still sick, it is urgent to treat its foliage with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid or Hom preparation.
|Pest||Means of struggle|
|Colorado beetle||Commander, Dilor, IskraDe - at least three times, strictly according to the instructions.|
|Wireworm||Dig up the soil along with the wheatgrass - the place of residence of the pest.|
|Golden nematode||Apply Nematorin to the soil before planting and often remove weeds around the plants.|
All chemical treatments of plants are stopped at least three weeks before harvest.
They begin to harvest potatoes in late August - early September. But before that, in two weeks, the tops are cut at about 15 cm. The dug potatoes are laid out on a flat surface, dried, moved away from sick and damaged tubers and removed for long-term storage in a room with a temperature of 2-4 degrees above zero.
Given all the positive qualities of the variety, it is not surprising that Golubizna has a lot of positive reviews.
I'm planting Blue for the third year. The nest produces 19 to 25 tubers. The soil is loam. Of my cultivated varieties, this variety is the record holder in terms of the number of tubers. Medium to medium sized, flat. The taste is really excellent. The yield is stable for three years. Storage is good.
For more than a decade I have been planting Blueness (Moscow region, loam). Despite the fact that I have tested more than 20 varieties, I have not found a better one yet. Attracted by good yield, excellent keeping quality, good resistance to late blight, drought resistance, good taste, variability.
The variety Golubizna completely conquered in taste. The yield is unmatched. My husband was bribed by the words in the description of this variety: "The variety is prone to large growth." Indeed, little things are very, very few.
I liked the blueness very much, last year I couldn’t buy a seed, but they didn’t leave my own, they cracked everything ... But I value more for the taste, the yield can be any.
I have been growing this variety for over 10 years. So far I have not found a worthy replacement. Attracts high productivity, excellent keeping quality, drought resistance, good resistance to late blight, boiling, good taste. Moscow region, loamy soil.
Blue is a reliable variety that will satisfy all the gardener's needs. Give him preference when choosing - and he will not disappoint you.
The right choice of potato variety is an opportunity to provide yourself with a tasty and satisfying product for a long time. A considerable area is allotted for this crop in small areas, therefore, in addition to an excellent harvest, unpretentiousness in care and resistance to disease are important. Description of Santa potatoes, as well as photos of fruits and reviews of vegetable growers about him say that this variety meets all the specified requirements and bears fruit perfectly in many climatic zones of the country.
Although Luck is not very demanding on growing conditions, it is necessary to provide it with a worthy place on the site. It should be moderately lit, and the soil should be loose. For heavy soils, their autumn digging is required on a shovel bayonet with the introduction of one bucket of sand and humus (compost) per 1m 2. Siderata and legumes are welcome as precursors to potatoes. The acidity of the soil should be from mild to moderately acidic. If coltsfoot, clover, plantain, creeping wheatgrass (it is better not necessary) grow on the site supposed for planting, then this indicates a suitable soil.
Although the Udacha variety does not have a tendency to degeneration, it is not worth planting only your own planting material from year to year. Sometimes it is useful to add "fresh blood" to the planting and purchase tubers for planting in the nursery. In any case, seed potatoes must be germinated before planting. Germination, in addition to the main goal of accelerating the emergence of potatoes, simultaneously solves two more problems:
Consistently: potatoes prepared for germination, sprouts appeared in tubers, greening before planting
Small and medium tubers of 50–80 grams are selected for germination. The Udacha variety is famous for its large tubers, so small potatoes in this variety start from about 70 grams and there are not so many of them. You will almost certainly have to lay quite large tubers for germination and cut them. This can be done both before germination and just before planting. In the second case, it is easier to decide how to cut the potatoes, since all the eyes that have gone into growth will already be clearly visible. The cut sites are pollinated with wood ash or cement.
The germination process takes about a month, therefore, based on the weather forecast for May (the traditional month of planting potatoes), the day in April is determined when it must be placed for germination. Most summer residents do this in living quarters in the light. Potatoes are placed in a light-transparent container in well-lit rooms, but under diffused sunlight. The recommended room temperature is 18–20 degrees. Do not stack seed potatoes in more than two layers.
You can germinate potatoes in such a container. It can be seen that the strong sprouts have roots
The variety is considered ready for planting when strong shoots 1–1.5 cm long are formed from its eyes. It is recommended to shade the potatoes 2-3 days before planting and transfer to a cooler place.
Luck is an early potato variety, but if you want to bring the day closer when you dig the first bushes with young potatoes, then treat the tubers before planting with any drug from the list: Planriz, Potassium Humate, Poteytin according to the instructions for it.
It is useful to treat potatoes before planting with remedies for their diseases. It can be both folk remedies and modern drugs:
From pests of potatoes, in particular from the Colorado potato beetle, it is advisable to treat the tubers with Maxim and Cruiser preparations according to the appropriate instructions. Prestige is very effective, but it is not recommended for early potato varieties because of the danger of incomplete decomposition of its harmful components before the time of the first harvest of potatoes.
Domestic breeders continue to delight with excellent varieties of vegetables.Relatively recently, a new variety of potatoes - "Meteor" was introduced, which during 5 years of its existence has won both the trust and love of consumers.
Before choosing this worthy variety, you need to familiarize yourself with its description and the features of caring for it.
This potato is considered a super early variety - it takes 70 to 90 days from the first shoots to ripening. Nevertheless, young potatoes of this variety can be dug for 40-45 days. The bushes are relatively tall, the leaves are medium in size, richly dark green in color. On the bushes, white flowers with a yellow center are formed.
The fruits are large, oval in shape, their average weight reaches 100-150 g. The color of the fruits is light yellow, the skin is thin. The pulp is white and does not darken for a very long time after cleaning. Possesses exquisite taste.
The variety is suitable for cultivation throughout Russia. At the same time, the most suitable climatic conditions are in the West Siberian, Central Black Earth, Volgo-Vyatka and Central regions. Perfect for any kind of cooking, but especially tasty when fried.
The yield of the variety is high, because one bush forms up to 12 beautiful tubers, and from the field, with good layouts, you can collect from 20 to 40 tons per hectare. Potatoes love warmth, so the highest yields are achieved in the more southern regions. At the same time, the bushes of this variety should be necessarily hilled - the higher the ridges, the richer the harvest. However, you should not be zealous in this matter either.
The strengths of this potato include:
According to many vegetable growers, no significant shortcomings of this variety have been found.
In general, the variety is unpretentious and it can even be argued that it will give a good harvest in any case. However, if you steadfastly follow all the rules of agricultural techniques for the Meteor potatoes, you can achieve maximum results.
When growing this variety, the following indicators must be taken into account: timing and features of planting, rules of care and harvesting.
Compliance with the rules for storing the harvested crop will help preserve it until spring and even leave the material for future planting.
The most favorable conditions for planting potato varieties "Meteor" come when the soil warms up under the spring sun from 8 to 10 ºС. Usually this is the end of April and beginning of May.
Interesting! Observations of vegetable growers say that if bird cherry blossoms, then this is a sure sign that favorable conditions for planting potatoes have come.
Before planting, a number of simple operations should be performed, without which rapid germination of tubers is impossible, namely: calibration, heating, germination, dressing and processing with nutrients and growth stimulants.
Calibration consists in the selection of tubers by fractions and selection of potatoes that have rotted, frozen or infected with diseases or pests. You should also exclude sluggish potatoes or those with long thin sprouts from the planting material. The most suitable tubers for planting are medium-sized potatoes with thick sprouts.
Tubers selected for planting are spread in a sufficiently illuminated and warm place. Under the influence of heat and light, the tubers are germinated for about 20 days before planting.
For warming up, you can use non-continuous plastic bags (with holes for air) or sleeves (for example, plastic containers are sold in such sleeves).
The greenhouse effect created under the polyethylene greatly accelerates the germination of potatoes.
Important! Germination matters not only in terms of germination. During this process, the tubers warm up, "wake up" after hibernation, due to which they quickly adapt to external conditions and give good shoots.
To destroy pathogens of viral and fungal diseases, as well as larvae of pests that can hibernate on tubers, potatoes should be pickled.
For this, solutions of fungicides and insecticides are used, for example, Prestige, Confidor, Maxim and others.
You may be interested in: Important! If you plan to plant potatoes in order to collect young tubers, you cannot disinfect the potatoes!
Finally, in order for the tubers to have good immunity and to receive an impulse for growth even before planting, they are treated with growth stimulants. Such stimulants at an inexpensive price are highly recommended: Poteytin, Epin-Extra, Fumar, Immunocytofit and others.
As for the choice of the site and the preparation of the soil, it should be noted right away that the Meteor potato grows on almost any soil. The landing area should be well lit, moderately ventilated.
When choosing, you should take into account the cultures that grew on it last season. For example, potatoes grow poorly after tomatoes, eggplants. Planting potatoes for the second year in a row in one place is possible, but not desirable.
But the most suitable predecessors will be legumes, roots, herbs, green vegetables.
The site should be prepared in the fall, adding a solid layer of humus, which is plowed with soil. In the spring, it will continue to rot in the ground, as a result of which the soil will additionally warm up, which means that the conditions for planting potatoes will be more favorable.
The planting site should be cleaned of weeds and loosened. The row spacing is drawn with a planting marker at a distance of 60-70 cm from each other. In the rows, holes are hit at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other, preferably in a checkerboard pattern. Before planting potatoes, the holes should be fertilized with a tablespoon of nitroammofoska.
Important! When planting, fertilizers are placed in the hole carefully so that they do not come into direct contact with the tuber.
The first shoots appear on the surface 2-3 weeks after planting the tubers. Unlike potatoes, the first weeds appear earlier, so you need to immediately carry out pre-emergence weeding of the potatoes. After germination, weeding is carried out as needed, usually every two to three weeks.
The bushes must be earthed, creating ridges of 20 cm in height above the rows. This allows you to create a protective and nutritious layer of soil around the developing tubers. In addition, the buried lower parts of the tops begin to form additional potato bulbs.
Meteor potatoes should be watered 2-3 times a week. When the earth dries up a little, it needs to be loosened. The most suitable option for watering potatoes would be drip irrigation, which saturates the soil up to half a meter - this is what is needed for potatoes.
Important! Do not water the potatoes with a strong stream, directing it to the root. This contributes to the disease and death of the potato. If watering with hoses, it is better to use sprinklers.
Also, do not forget about feeding.
You can use organic fertilizer in the form of solutions of cow dung or poultry droppings, and you can also use solutions of mineral fertilizers, which include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium.
Top dressing is recommended up to 3 times during the growing season.
It is quite difficult to find a potato variety that is not affected by insect pests: the Colorado potato beetle, bear, nematodes and others.
For this, the bushes should be treated with insecticide solutions for preventive purposes. Adherence to agricultural practices is also a good prevention of pests - well-groomed bushes resist pests better.
But breeders inoculate disease resistance at the genetic level.
The Meteor variety is rightfully considered one of the most resistant varieties. So, he tolerates well such diseases as potato cancer, scab, late blight, rhizoctonia, golden nematode. This quality greatly facilitates the process of growing the variety "Meteor".
Thus, the variety "Meteor" is a successful combination of all the best qualities of potatoes: short ripening period, yield, transportability and long-term storage - this is what makes this variety truly successful.
For commercial cultivation, 2-3-fold feeding with the mineral complex is sufficient in addition to the standard pre-planting feeding.
Recommended for planting in the Central, Far Eastern region of Russia, feels great at home, in Belarus, and in the Ukrainian Polesie, Transcarpathia, and in the southeast.
One of the varieties suitable for large-scale cultivation in large agricultural farms for sale is good for both the farmer and the gardener due to the cancellation of yields, excellent taste, and a long storage period in a cool storage.
The disadvantages include the following:
It is worth noting that for many years of its life the Lasunok potato received excellent reviews: it is known for its high yield - up to 620 centners / ha, the Colorado potato beetle does not take it, it is resistant to diseases and pests, not too picky about agricultural technology
What is important, just excellent taste. Grow for health!
If you are looking for a fruitful, tasty variety that does not require dancing with a tambourine in a potato field, you have found it. Time-tested and by large agricultural farms, not afraid of the Colorado potato beetle, to the insidious phytophthora and black leg - you are at your goal. Meet, you've heard about it - Lasunok potatoes, the whole truth about the variety that has become a classic in potato growing.
Meteor potatoes can be stored for a long time if you follow the storage rules.
First of all, the harvested crop must be sorted out and rotten and damaged potatoes must be removed. Then you should remove the remnants of the soil from the tubers, after which they should be laid out in a dark, ventilated place for 2-3 weeks, and then inspect and sort again.
And only then you can put the potatoes in a place where they will be stored all winter. Remember that this place should be dark, with a humidity of about 75% and an air temperature of +1 to +6 degrees. Experts also advise to sort the potatoes again in winter, removing the spoiled ones so that they do not damage the rest of the crop.
The Meteor potato variety has many advantages and, moreover, a pleasant taste. It has strong immunity to various diseases and is rarely damaged by insects. Caring for potatoes is quite simple and does not require much effort. Therefore, the Meteor variety is an excellent choice for growing for sale or for yourself.