Juniper is a beautiful ornamental plant that can be grown in your flower bed. It will not only make the garden unique, but also fill the air with a delicate coniferous aroma, which is good for health. If you decide to grow junipers on the site, you do not have to buy them from the nursery, you can dig up the plant in the forest.
Not all dug out bushes will be able to take root in a new place. It is necessary to choose a young plant, the height of which does not exceed 1 m. You should also assess the condition of the root system so that there is no damage. When choosing a bush, you need to pay attention to the condition of the needles. The tips should be dry and supple. If they are brittle, then the plant is sick or dry. In this case, the likelihood that the bush will take root is low.
You need to choose an open, sunny and protected area from strong winds. Natural drainage should be provided on the site. The decorativeness of the bush, the density of branches and needles will depend on the brightness of the lighting. When growing in the shade, the growth of the shrub will slow down and its branches will begin to grow erratically. If we talk about variegated needles, then it will lose its original color scheme.
To dig a bush out of the forest, you need to prepare a bucket, shovel and gloves. The ideal time for this procedure is early spring. It is allowed if there is still snow on the ground. It is important to dig up the plant even before the start of the active growing season. It is better to remove a suitable bush with a large clod of earth so as not to injure the roots. Before digging, mark one of the branches on the sunny side of the tree with a colored tape. This is required in order to plant the dug plant in the garden with the same orientation. Before placing the roots of the juniper in a container, they, together with an earthen clod, need to be wrapped with polyethylene, and then with newspapers.
To plant a bush, you need to dig a hole twice as large as the root ball. Juniper does not tolerate waterlogging, so if you have picked up a place with damp soil and stagnant moisture, you need to lay a drainage layer at the bottom of the planting hole. For this, you can use stones, broken brick. Sprinkle on top with a small layer of sand.
The root ball must be placed at the same depth as in natural conditions. It is not recommended to bury the root collar and trunk. Arrange the branches to the cardinal points. A newly planted shrub needs support: place 2-3 pegs near the plant and tie it to them.When planting several bushes, you need to leave a distance of at least 50 cm between them. In some cases, up to 2 m (if you plant several varieties of juniper). If a juniper alley is planned, then you need to plant the plants in a common trench with a distance of 40-80 cm.
The remaining space of the well must be filled with nutrient mixture. To prepare it, you need to combine the following components in equal proportions:
When the pit is full, the soil mixture must be tamped and poured with 2 buckets of water. It is desirable to use warm and settled water.
The surface of the soil under the juniper must be mulched. You can use sawdust or fallen needles. The thickness of the mulching layer should be 5-10 cm.
Mature trees are capable of turning a “bare” area into a dense forest in a matter of hours, which will give the landscape solidity and completeness. Coniferous trees can be used to create a hedge that is impervious to dust, noise and human eyes. Deciduous - an original birch or poplar grove - a corner of a wild forest. Or you can plant a specimen tree on the lawn, for example, an oak, under the shade of which it is good to take refuge on a hot sunny day.
Of course, it is easier to plant young trees and wait 10-15 years for them to turn into large trees. Or you can go to the forest right now and choose an oak tree, which tomorrow will show off on the site.
Forest trees get used to living in certain climatic conditions, so special rules must be followed when digging. First, you need to ditch the pine in a circle, after which you gradually expose it and get the entire root system out of the ground. During this period, care must be taken not to harm the integrity of the rhizome.
In order for a young pine to take root better, it must be transplanted into forest soil brought directly from the forest.
It contains all the components necessary for a coniferous tree, so it will quickly provide a comfortable development environment for it.
It is better to carry out the transplant process in several main stages:
"Curly" was once considered a symbol of fertility, well-being and prosperity. The Slavs called it a sacred tree and were sure that lightning was hiding in the openwork crown. And this tree has always been loved for its firmness and bright, but at the same time, as it were, shy beauty.
Unlike many trees, rowan does not lose its decorative effect even in late autumn and winter - due to crimson leaves and bright fruits. This tree is undemanding to soil, but does not tolerate waterlogging and waterlogging. It is best to plant it in the sun or some shade. Rowan goes well with pines, spruces, firs and many deciduous species.
It looks especially good against the background of lime and ash trees, black poplar or white willow. Rowan is also used for compositions with deciduous shrubs such as spiraea, barberry, rose hips, honeysuckle. In group plantings, it is placed both in the foreground and in the background, used in hedges. Rowan is an excellent backdrop for many herbaceous perennials.
Rowan is planted either from mid-September to early October, or in early spring, as this tree begins to grow rather quickly.
There is one tree that can be considered ideal for a garden plot - the linden tree. In terms of shade tolerance, it is second only to fir, spruce, beech and hornbeam. Thanks to these properties, linden easily takes root under the canopy of other species or under the "cover" of a house. It grows well in moderately rich soils with good drainage.
The ideal planting method, proven by history, is a linden alley. However, single trees can also decorate the site. In addition, linden has a unique property: it can be cut, shaped, bent at any age. Even under Peter I, hedges, arches, green gazebos, balls, pyramids and other garden forms were made from linden. It perfectly withstands pruning and shortening, it has soft roots that you “don't notice” when digging. It is prone to rejuvenation at any age, when the old trunk is removed at the root, and the shoots that bush from below form new trunks. The wide leaves of the linden tree create an impenetrable foliage, which makes this tree convenient to use for fences of any height.
Linden is one of the best soil-improving breeds. The leaves of the tree contain a large amount of calcium, potassium, nitrogen and sulfur, due to which, during their decomposition, the physicochemical properties of the soil improve and its fertility increases.
On a note
Do not expect that young sticky will delight you with the honey scent of flowers the next year after planting: flowering will begin, alas, no earlier than 10 years of age. At the same time, the alley, planted from 1-2-meter trees, will acquire a beautiful view.
Linden goes well with oak, mountain ash, maple, ash, and from horticultural crops - with pear, apple, strawberry, raspberry, cherry, plum, grape. The only drawback of this plant is its size, because an adult tree occupies a large area.
Both flax and chestnut can also be considered plants that successfully combine with fruit crops, they are as well manageable in pruning as linden, therefore, they are quite appropriate on the site.
Agronomist Vladimir Alexandrovich LOSHITSKY answered the reader's question
This plant can suffer from such diseases and pests:
Juniper is a real forest decoration for a garden or summer cottage. It is very easy to care for the plant, it is resistant to diseases. Some of its types are effective medicine against many diseases.
Planting conifers is often used for garden decoration and decoration of your own plot. These are very capricious pets, which not every gardener can grow. A good alternative to purchasing ready-made seedlings is to plant a forest juniper. In order for a forest juniper to take root in the garden, it is necessary to take into account many important nuances of its cultivation.
After replanting, the juniper must be regularly looked after, this will increase the chances of its survival.
Simple actions will help speed up adaptation.
You can understand that the juniper has taken root when it grows, that is, new, fresh shoots will begin to form on it.
Common juniper has the following beneficial properties:
However, it is worth knowing that prolonged use of juniper extracts or too high doses can cause irritation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, dilation of blood vessels and a prolonged inflammatory reaction. Juniper preparations should not be used by pregnant women.
Juniper berries are harvested in late autumn and winter for medicinal purposes. They should be ripe, deep purple, almost black. Then they have a pleasant balsamic smell, called forest, the taste is bitter, slightly spicy.
Application of berries:
Juniper berries, juniper tree and the ends of its shoots contain essential oils used to flavor vodka, syrups, liqueurs, juices, tinctures and gin, where they are an important ingredient. Juniper berries were used to brew beer. Juniper is also a part of many mixtures of different types of seasonings. Its fruits ripen in two years and are already suitable as a seasoning for marinating meat, especially venison and fish. They are also added to kale and sauerkraut and red beets.