Vatican Museums, Rome
Apollo and Hyacinth
Cellini, Bargello National Museum, Florence
Apollo, in Greek mythologyhe was the son of Zeuse of the goddess Leto (who lifted the hearts of men from pain) and twin of Artemis.
Apollo is considered the solar deity par excellence, god of all beautiful things, music, art, poetry and also guided and protected the muses, travelers and sailors. He was considered the prophet of Zeus for his divinatory powers. As a solar god he also bore the name of Phoebus (he who spends, who illuminates) and traveled the sky in a chariot of gold and gems, pulled by four horses that emitted fire from their nostrils.
But Apollo was also a warlike god, sower of death and destruction as Homer recalls in the first book of the Iliad.
Apollo loved many women including Daphne (see Mythodi Daphne) and also two young men (Ciparisso and Giacinto).
In his honor in Greece the Pythian games and in Rome i games Apollinaries.
The animals sacred to Apollo were the wolf and the swan and, among the plants, the laurel and the olive tree.
In Latin mythology is always identified as Apollo, son of Giovee Latona and retains the same characteristics of the Greek divinity.