Everyone's favorite grapes are not only healthy and tasty berries, but also an excellent decorative decoration for a garden or a backyard. Cultivated types of berry crops require regular pruning to obtain a bountiful harvest and therefore cannot be used for vertical gardening. But decorative varieties and hybrids in the form of large deciduous lianas effectively cover any surfaces with their dense foliage - walls of buildings, gazebos, summer verandas. They fill free space very quickly, regardless of its size.
Ornamental grapes also bear tasty fruits, much smaller in size in comparison with cultivated berries, but its main feature and pride are still long shoots. They are able to grow very quickly in height and decorate various objects - in spring and summer with openwork green foliage, and in autumn with a crimson-red blanket. The best grapes include the "Five-leaf", "Ivy" and "Tri-pointed" grapes.
These cultivars have the ability to easily climb smooth walls and trellised surfaces. Distinctive features of this culture are a large liana covered with a dense brown bark, finger-like dark green leaves on long petioles and numerous light green antennae. "Ivy" grapes change the color of their leaves according to the seasons: in the spring - purple, in the summer - green, in the fall - golden yellow. The plant blooms with inconspicuous inflorescences, its small fruits have low taste. The growing area can be sunny or shaded. Care for these varieties consists in moderate watering on dry days, in pruning dry and damaged shoots, in nutritious dressings in the spring and summer, and warming for the winter (except for "Five-leaf" grapes). Plants tolerate transplanting well and quickly adapt to a new place.
Details about the cultivation of maiden grapes
These species are widely recognized by gardeners and are widespread among amateurs and professionals in landscaping sites.
This Japanese type of grape has large leaves more than 30 cm wide, the shape is rounded heart-shaped, the upper surface is deep green, the lower one is grayish, bordered with small teeth. This fast-growing and frost-resistant plant looks spectacular on the walls of tall buildings and attracts attention in the summer months with its lush greenery, in the autumn time with its bright crimson outfit. Every year, the decorative culture adds in growth by 4 meters or more.
The hybrid variety is distinguished by a bright individual aroma, a lignified stem more than twenty centimeters in diameter, large shoots, felt leaves with a dark green tint and a wrinkled surface with a border of large cloves and small fruits about 2 cm. The color of the hearth, depending on the variety, can be pink, yellow, red and black. The grapes are able to form a dense deciduous carpet in a short time.
This species deserves special attention and interest for its qualities, abilities and differences from other varieties and hybrids. The culture does not look very voluminous, it grows slowly, but it is highly resistant to frost and prolonged cold weather. Its main advantage is rather long shoots, the length of which exceeds 20-25 m. The grapes are distinguished by a rich bright green color of three-lobed leaves with large denticles at the edges, beautiful inflorescences of a large number of small white flowers and inedible small black fruits. Decorative grape varieties are perfectly combined with other types and create a varied palette of colors with the arrival of autumn.
Girlish grapes are healthy and beautiful
At the professional level in our country, landscape gardening began to be dealt with relatively recently. Although the simplest attempts at this art have been observed for a very long time. Many housewives like to plant weaving vegetation near fences and near the veranda. Vertical gardening began to play an important role in landscape design with the advent of large cottages, where it is required to decorate a large area of empty land near the building.
So let's try to figure out what is the use of vertical gardening, and where it is better to apply it.
If you look at the photo of vertical landscaping, you can see that it is suitable for any type of building. Let it be a large city building for any purpose or a small country house. In design, landscaping is used to hide visible defects of a building: uneven walls, cracks, old ugly cladding, etc. Sometimes green vegetation is planted simply to give the building exclusivity. Blooming plants will create a vivid image for the building.
In addition to beauty, with the help of vertical gardening, they achieve the establishment of a special microclimate in the room. Adjusting the density of vegetation allows you to correct the penetration of sunlight and daylight into the building through the windows. On hot summer days, shading the windows makes it easy to achieve the optimal indoor temperature. In addition, dense foliage will hide the walls of the building from the scorching rays of the sun, preventing them from getting too warm.
Do-it-yourself vertical gardening in the country will save the owners from dust, excess noise, and normalize the level of humidity. Everyone knows how nice and peaceful it is in the village in summer, but few people think about why. It's not about the fewer humming cars. It's just that village courtyards are buried in greenery. If the city's private courtyard is covered with weaving vines, even if it is grapes, the noise level will be much reduced. Not to mention the beauty, there will be clean air in the yard. All city dust will settle on the dense foliage of plants, and a person will breathe less of it. Plus, the vegetation normalizes humidity, creating a special microclimate even in the yard.
You can decorate everything in the yard with greenery. Most often, vines are planted near the gazebos. Even a balcony can be hidden behind their long stems. They divide the territory into sections with hedges, fenced off from neighbors. Blooming vines can be used to decorate a fence or veranda. Sometimes vertical structures are simply placed on flower beds so that vines stretch along them for beauty. If the yard is located on a site with a difficult terrain, retaining walls of stone are erected near the slopes. They can also be made green with moss. In general, there are many options, and each vertical landscaping gives the site a personality.
The video tells about the vertical flower garden:
"Doctors bury their mistakes with patients, an architect can only advise a client to twist the walls with ivy" - this dictum of cult architect Frank Lloyd Wright often occurs to landscape designers as they try to turn another "suburban real estate" into a garden of dreams. Any, even the most aesthetically successful site is not without problems. It is good if the house is beautiful and does not need to be hidden, but, as a rule, this cannot be said about neighboring houses, outbuildings, and fences. Planting ivy would be a good solution, but we don't have ivy.
In vertical gardening, ivy is very difficult to find a replacement. This liana-cornelaz does not require support and is able to climb steep surfaces, penetrating into pores, cracks, irregularities with root suckers - a kind of aerial roots. The property is extremely valuable, given how high and strong support is required to create a powerful liana, which is not inferior in weight to a tree. But among the vines, which grow without problems in most of the territory of our country, only parthenocissus - maiden grape.
Maiden grapes do not belong to full-fledged cornelases. To "teach" him to climb the walls, you need to take a closer look at the features of this vine. The main "tool" of fastening at the parthenocissus is antennae, and the most convenient supports for antennae are wire, rods, thin branches or mesh. When the maiden grapes have such items at their disposal, things move quickly. But the plant does not give up even if it does not find an ideal support. The antennae of the parthenocissus (and these are modified inflorescences) secrete a sticky secret. Thanks to this feature, the shoot, albeit not very firmly, can attach to a wall, tree trunk or other surface. For some time it hangs, usually holding on to the wall only with its top and risking falling off in a strong gust of wind, but if it manages to fully lean against the surface, it also becomes possible to put aerial roots into business. Root suckers - small dark tubercles, clearly visible on the bark of the shoot - germinate when in contact with a suitable surface. The parthenocissus has few of them, so it is unlikely that Romeo would have been able to get into Juliet's bedroom if it were not ivy that grew under the balcony, but girlish grapes, attached to the wall not securely enough to support a person. But the aerial roots of the parthenocissus can withstand the total weight of the plant, so it is suitable for decorating sheer walls. To help the liana quickly settle on the wall, temporary supports or guides are needed: stretched wire, poles thrown from the landing site to the wall, rods. The more guides, the faster the shoots will fix on the wall, because they usually need several "tries" for this.
Partenocissus five-leafed - one of the most common plants in gardening. Undemanding to soil, frost-hardy, beautiful in summer and autumn, when it acquires a crimson color. The species has different shapes, so be careful if you want to take a stalk for rooting. Take a closer look at how the specimen that you are going to multiply behaves - whether it climbs the wall well, whether it forms a beautiful sheet mosaic. The size of the leaves and the number of root suckers on the shoots may depend on the individual characteristics of the plant. Any shape is suitable for decorating trellises, pergolas, arches, and for sheer walls, a form that is simply dubbed is more suitable wall- it has smaller leaves and more root suckers. Another known form is Engelman, with a beautiful sheet mosaic. Tri-pointed parthenocissusnot so widespread and well-known. In Moscow and St. Petersburg, its aboveground part freezes over in winter, but, according to the observations of some gardeners, the winter hardiness of the plant increases with age. If he likes the microclimate of your site, he can settle in protected places. The decorative qualities are worth it: the dense texture of the foliage and the ability to easily attach to a vertical surface due to the numerous tenacious aerial roots.
Parthenocissus is a fast-growing vine. For a year, it can grow up to several meters and quickly closes the surfaces provided to it. But this happens after the plants develop roots. In the first three years after planting, the aerial part grows weakly, all the energy is spent on the formation of roots. If you need an instant decorative effect, buy large-sized plants grown in large containers - their roots are already strong enough.
Amur grapes it is not attached to the support by roots, but other outstanding qualities do not allow excluding it from the list of the best vines for vertical gardening: high frost resistance (up to -45 ° C), spectacular appearance and, of course, the presence of completely edible berries. Due to their thick, sour peel, they are unlikely to take their rightful place among desserts, but lovers of homemade juices will be delighted. Quite productive, unpretentious, decorative and wintering grapes without problems in the middle lane - is this not a dream?
In vertical gardening, both perennials and annuals are often used.
The choice of plants for vertical gardening often depends on the task and the stylistic concept. It is equally important to take into account the climatic conditions and characteristics of the soil of the place where the living decor will be created. Competently and harmoniously selected flowering plants can transform any space beyond recognition.
Plants for vertical gardening are not only planted in the private sector, they are used around and inside office buildings. Flowers grow quickly, their foliage wraps around any vertical structures, which allows you to recreate the atmosphere of good old England at no great cost.
The aristocracy of the site makes an indelible impression on all visitors, effectively hiding defects in structures and other unsightly elements that the owners would prefer not to expose to the public.
A hedge is a multifunctional landscape design object. A garden green fence can take several forms:
A hedge can be made on the basis of a ready-made mesh or picket fence. However, you should not plant lianas plants near a fence made of metal or corrugated board, such structures quickly heat up, burning the shoots of crops.
An interesting design solution for decorating a vertical flower garden. Obelisks are metal frames of a pyramidal or cylindrical shape, around which I plant climbing plants.More complex frame shapes are also acceptable, but the creation of such an object will require professional skills.
Light crops, such as sweet peas, prince or aconite, are chosen as landscaping of obelisks.
You can be creative in creating an obelisk and make a structure, for example, from dried wood. Such an object will become a spectacular garden object.
The simplest vertical landscaping devices are made from wire, rope, wooden planks, and other similar materials. However, this approach is relevant for the usual planting of primitive vines around the gazebo. True landscape design requires the construction of serious vertical landscaping structures or the use of ready-made ones.
Chain-link fencing is the best supporting structure for a hedge. Climbing plants will entwine each mesh cell, creating an opaque blank wall. Any fences made of a metal rod are a good option, but wooden picket fences will eventually begin to disappear under the vegetation. This will be avoided by the additional measures taken to protect wood.
The pergola is a lattice with diamond-shaped or square cells. It is usually made from thin wooden planks and attached to vertical supports. As in the case of the netting, the plants twine along the cells of the pergola.
Arched structures mean the installation of metal frames, often used by winegrowers. With the help of arches and flowering vines, you can decorate the passage from the gate to the house or simply equip a resting place.
The facade of the building is a vertical support that requires some preparation for landscaping. First, protective measures are taken to protect the facade material from destruction. To do this, the wall is covered with PET foil and then with jute cloth. Secondly, they make a pergola and attach it to the wall. After all, plants need to cling to something.
It is possible to arrange vertical gardening even among the area lined with paving slabs. This is where ordinary containers come to the rescue. You can take any flowerpots, boxes, etc. A vertical stand with attachment cells is welded under them. It is enough to place containers in the cells and plant flowers in them.
You can decorate the flower bed with vines or climbing roses. Obelisks are made for them - special racks in the form of a cylinder or pyramid. The sizes are very different at your discretion, but preferably not higher than 3 m.As an obelisk, you can use a tree that has dried up on the site.
You can decorate the walls with green vegetation even inside the house. For this purpose, phytomodules for vertical gardening are used, resembling boxes with flower pots. In principle, a phytomodule is a ready-made structure fixed to the wall. Plants grow in separate cells. Typically, the phytomodule is equipped with a drip irrigation system. The tightness of the fastening of the structure allows you to protect the wall from dampness.
The video shows a phytomodule with drip irrigation at home:
Having approached the design of your suburban area professionally, you can create a real heavenly place with the help of vertical gardening.