Cranberries in sugar: a popular variety of small-fruited tomatoes


Cranberries in sugar are one of the most popular varieties of small-fruited tomatoes of Russian selection. These tomatoes are distinguished not only by their excellent taste and versatility, but also by their decorative qualities. The compactness of the plant allows you to cultivate it at home, harvesting all year round. Cranberries in sugar will become a very unusual decoration for a balcony, window sill, or loggia.

Description of the variety of tomatoes Cranberries in sugar

Cranberry tomatoes in sugar - an achievement of Russian breeders. The originator is the company "Aelita". The variety is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation without restrictions regarding the region or method of cultivation. It is possible to cultivate cranberries in sugar both in the open field and in greenhouses, greenhouses, even at home, planting them in boxes and flowerpots.

Cranberry tomatoes in sugar - a popular variety of domestic selection

The variety belongs to the category of small-fruited. Tomatoes are one-dimensional, weighing 12–15 g, in the form of an almost regular ball. Weakly pronounced ribbing at the stalk itself is almost invisible. The skin is bright red, typical for tomatoes.

Cranberries in sugar are one-dimensional, as if calibrated

Cranberries in sugar are an early ripening variety. The crop is harvested 70–75 days after planting the seedlings in the ground. The fruits ripen together, the bushes are literally dotted with brushes. Average yield in film shelters - 2.3-2.8 kg per 1 m2.

Cranberries in sugar, given the compactness of the plants, have a good yield.

The plants are quite compact, 0.6–0.8 m high. The leaves are medium-sized, dark green in color, there are not too many of them. Sugar cranberries can even be planted between tall tomato bushes to save space in the greenhouse.

A bush of tomatoes Cranberries in sugar, literally strewn with fruits, looks very attractive

A slight sourness is clearly felt in the taste. The pulp is juicy, but firm, not watery. The seeds are small and soft.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The Cranberry in sugar variety is one of the most popular among gardeners who plant small-fruited tomatoes. This he owes to the following undoubted advantages:

  1. General unpretentiousness. Even a novice gardener can take care of plants. The variety has a certain "plasticity", successfully adapting to not always favorable climatic and weather conditions. Sugar cranberries yield crops even in regions that are classified as "risky farming".
  2. Determination and stamina. Such features of the variety greatly simplify the care of the plant, there is no need to form a bush. Its growth is genetically limited to a certain limit. When the bush reaches it, a cluster of fruits forms at the top. Further, the bush grows "wide", forming brushes on the strongest stepchildren. The stem is very strong, thick, so the plant often does not even need a garter.
  3. The presence of immunity against the most typical diseases of the culture. Cranberries in sugar are rarely affected by fungi, they do not suffer from late blight.
  4. Fruit decorativeness and general attractiveness of the plant. The bush, literally covered with bright shiny fruits, looks very impressive.
  5. Taste qualities. The slight sourness characteristic of Cranberries in sugar is very appropriate in sauces, gravies, and borsch dressing.
  6. Versatility of appointment. The variety is suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also for home canning. Fruits in pickles and marinades retain their shape and bright color, do not creep into "porridge", the skin does not burst.

Cranberry tomatoes in sugar are very good in homemade preparations for the winter

Of the shortcomings, a thick, rather tough skin can be noted. This is especially noticeable when eating fresh tomatoes. Also, not everyone likes the characteristic sour taste of the variety. Some gardeners complain that the shrubs are nowhere near as compact as claimed by the seed manufacturer. Most often, they grow up to 1.5 m in a greenhouse if ideal conditions are created for them. But the size of the bush is offset by a higher yield. The only significant drawback, perhaps, is the propensity to be infected with the mosaic virus.

Growing seedlings and planting in the ground

Cranberries in sugar can be planted as seeds, directly in open ground, but only in regions with a warm climate. Growing seedlings is practiced in most of Russia.

Growing tomato seedlings

Seeds are sown in the second decade of March. To increase germination, they are previously soaked for 12-15 hours in a solution of any biostimulant. It can be either a drug purchased in a store (Epin, Zircon, Kornevin, Emistim-S), or a natural remedy (aloe juice). At the same time, rejection is carried out - those seeds that float to the surface can be safely thrown away. They will definitely not give seedlings.

Pre-preparation increases the germination of tomato seeds

The soil requires light, loose, but nutritious. You can buy a universal soil for seedlings or for nightshades, but experienced gardeners prefer to mix the substrate themselves from fertile turf, humus and river sand in a 2: 2: 1 ratio. For the prevention of diseases for each liter of soil, you can add 10-15 g of sifted wood ash, crushed chalk, activated carbon.

Soil for growing tomato seedlings can be purchased at any specialty store, but experienced gardeners prefer to mix the substrate themselves.

Seed planting procedure:

  1. Shallow (7–8 cm) containers are filled with disinfected soil. Sterilize it by steam, heat or freezing. The soil is moderately moistened and leveled.
  2. Seeds are planted in grooves, deepening by 2-3 mm. The interval between them is 3-4 cm. Then they are sprinkled with a thin layer of peat or fine sand, moderately sprayed with water at room temperature from a fine spray.
  3. The containers are covered with glass or covered with transparent film. Until the emergence of seedlings, they are kept in a dark place, providing a temperature of about 25-27 ° C. The soil must be kept slightly moist at all times. To avoid condensation, the "greenhouse" is removed daily for 10-15 minutes for ventilation.
  4. After the emergence of seedlings, the containers are placed in the warmest and brightest place in the apartment. For example, the sill of a window facing south will do. It is also advisable to supplement the seedlings with the help of special phytolamps or conventional fluorescent lamps, extending the daylight hours.
  5. When two pairs of true leaves are formed, the seedlings dive, seating them in individual pots, peat or plastic cups. It is very important not to damage the roots in the process. The plants are removed from the container using a wooden stick along with a small clod of earth.
  6. 3-4 days after that, they are fed with a solution of any universal fertilizer for seedlings (Gumi, Rostock, Agricola). Water the seedlings at least once a week. Water is poured not at the root, but along the edges of the container. It should be soft and warmed up to 25-28 ° C. The air temperature can be lowered a little - during the day it should be at least 18 ° C, at night - 15 ° C. When three more true leaves have formed, the bottom two can be removed. This will prevent the seedlings from stretching out excessively.

Before germination, the container with tomato seeds must be kept in a dark place under glass or film.

Tomato seedlings are usually planted in open ground starting in mid-May. It depends on the climate in the region. From the moment of planting the seeds, at least 50 (preferably 60) days should pass. Approximately 10-12 days before, you can start hardening it, briefly taking it out into the fresh air during the day. The temperature outside should be at least 15 ° C, and the ground at the time of landing should warm up to 10 ° C.

In the last question, you can focus on reliable folk signs - blossoming birch leaves, blooming bird cherry.

In the process of picking, the most important thing is not to damage the fragile roots of the seedlings.

It is undesirable to delay planting - this negatively affects the development of plants, inhibiting their growth and reducing the future yield. At the time of planting, the height of the seedlings should not exceed 30 cm. A week before the procedure, cranberries in sugar are fed by diluting 4–5 g of simple superphosphate and 1.5–2 g of potassium sulfate in 1 liter of water.

It is impossible to delay planting tomato seedlings, this negatively affects the future harvest

Video: planting tomato seeds in the ground

Landing and preparation for it

A bed for tomatoes is prepared in advance:

  1. Since autumn, the soil is cleared of plant debris and dug up.
  2. In the process, fertilizers are applied - humus or rotted compost (8-10 l / m²), simple superphosphate (25-30 g / m²) and potassium sulfate (10-15 g / m²). An alternative to mineral fertilizers is wood ash - 0.5 l / m².
  3. Then the soil is leveled, for disinfection it is spilled with a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate or boiling water.
  4. The bed is tightened with polyethylene and left for the winter.
  5. In the spring, it is enough to simply loosen it well.

Cranberry bushes in sugar are compact, so they usually plant 5 plants per 1 m² - four in the corners of the "square" and the fifth in the center. The minimum allowable distance between bushes is 30 cm. The depth of the hole depends on the type of substrate. In heavy clay soil, 6–7 cm is enough, in light sandy soil - 10–12 cm. A few pinches of wood ash and 3-5 g of simple superphosphate are poured onto the bottom.

When planting tomatoes in the ground, you need to adhere to the planting scheme

The best time to disembark is the evening of a not too hot, cloudy day. 2-3 hours before, you need to water the seedlings abundantly in order to injure its roots as little as possible. In the process, the most important thing is not to leave the root collar on the surface. You need to bury the stem into the soil to the first true leaves. This contributes to the formation of more powerful adventitious roots. Having compacted the earth, the plants are watered abundantly (2 liters per bush), mulched with peat chips, creating a layer about 1.5–2 cm thick.

Seedlings of tomatoes are planted, deepening to the first leaves

Excessively stretched seedlings are recommended to be planted in a horizontal position. Not only the roots are covered with soil, but also the lower 2/3 of the stem, after cutting off all the leaves. It is necessary to create a layer 8–10 cm thick. The top of the plant is positioned so that it “faces” the south.

The first 4-5 days after planting Cranberries in sugar are watered daily. Water is used warm and settled. About a week after the procedure, you will need to loosen the aisles to a depth of about 5 cm.

When planting tomato seedlings in a greenhouse, the soil is preheated by spilling it with boiling water and tightening it with a black film. Otherwise, the contrast between air and soil temperatures will slow down root development. Plants are buried in the ground not so much - 2-3 cm above the root collar.

Tomato seeds are planted directly into the ground in mid-April, two per hole. Before the emergence of shoots, the bed is tightened with any air-permeable covering material. After 2-3 weeks, weak seedlings are discarded. It is advisable not to pull them out of the soil, but to cut them at the root with sharp scissors.

When choosing a place for tomatoes, you must take into account what has grown in the garden before. Bad precursors for Cranberries in sugar are any nightshades (potatoes, eggplant, peppers). Plants from the same family are affected by similar diseases and pests. Tomatoes are recommended to be planted after cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini, onions.

Eggplants, like other nightshades, are poor precursors for tomatoes.

Video: typical mistakes when growing tomato seedlings

Crop care tips

The sugar cranberry bush does not need to be formed, so caring for it comes down to watering, feeding, weeding and loosening the beds.

Watering

Like other tomatoes, cranberries in sugar are watered exclusively at the root, ideally in a drip method. Water falling on buds and flowers provokes their shedding. Because of this, the fruits set and ripen much more slowly. And when grown in a greenhouse, the humidity of the air also rises - this is a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic fungi. The best time for the procedure is early in the morning. When watering at the root, 0.8–1 liters are consumed for each bush of seedlings.

If technically feasible, tomatoes are watered with a drop method, if not, water is poured into circular grooves formed around the bush

Until the end of flowering, cranberries in sugar are watered, consuming about 5 liters of water per 1 m². When the fruits grow to the size of a pea, the rate is increased to 10-12 l / m². If the weather outside is not too hot, once every 6-10 days is enough.

With very dry soil, you should not strive to compensate for the moisture deficit with one abundant watering. This can provoke a massive fall of fruit ovaries and cracking of ripening tomatoes. As soon as the tomatoes start to turn red, watering is reduced to the required minimum. Excess moisture inhibits fruit ripening.

Once a month, water for irrigation can be replaced with a biostimulant solution (Baikal-EM, potassium humate), reducing the concentration by half compared with the manufacturer's recommended one.

Watering with a biostimulant solution has a positive effect on plant immunity

Fertilization

Cranberries in sugar are early maturing varieties, so three additional dressings per season are enough for them. Fertilizers are applied only in the form of a solution, 30–40 minutes after watering.

  1. The first time tomatoes are fed 15–20 days after planting seedlings in the ground. In 10 liters of water, 20-25 g of simple superphosphate and 10-15 g of potassium sulfate are diluted. If the soil is poor, not too nutritious, add another 10 g of any nitrogen-containing fertilizer (ammonium nitrate, carbamide, ammonium sulfate). For each plant, 1 liter of solution is consumed.
  2. For the second top dressing, any liquid complex fertilizer for tomatoes (Good Power, Hera, Zdraven, Nov-Agro, Orton) is suitable. Cranberries in sugar prepared according to the instructions are watered 5-7 days after the end of flowering.

    Cranberry tomatoes in sugar can be fed with any complex liquid fertilizer

  3. The third dressing is aimed at prolonging fruiting as much as possible. At this time, tomatoes need potassium and phosphorus. Raw materials for solution preparation - superphosphate, potassium sulfate, wood ash.

    Wood ash - a natural source of potassium and phosphorus

Other necessary procedures

The average plant height of cranberry tomatoes in sugar, as a rule, does not exceed 0.8 m, but in a greenhouse they sometimes stretch up to 1.2–1.5 m. Their stem is powerful and strong, but to hedge the plants, you can tie them up.

If Cranberries in sugar are grown in a greenhouse, they need regular ventilation. Moist stale air is an ideal environment for the development of many pathogens. In extreme heat, in order to lower the temperature, the glass is sprayed from the inside with a solution of slaked lime.

The greenhouse in which tomatoes are grown must be ventilated, taking into account that the plants have a negative attitude towards drafts.

The soil between the rows should ideally be loosened after each watering, while renewing the mulch layer. If it doesn't work out - at least once every 12-15 days. In 10-12 days after planting, the seedlings need to be spud, having previously watered. The second time this procedure is carried out after 18-20 days. This stimulates the development of the root system.

Variety-typical diseases and control

Cranberry tomatoes in sugar have good immunity. They are extremely rarely affected by such dangerous diseases for the culture as late blight and fusarium. But they are susceptible to mosaic disease. This is a viral disease, there are currently no remedies for its treatment. Therefore, special attention should be paid to preventive measures.

To prevent the development of most fungal diseases, it is enough to spray Cranberries in sugar with a solution of any fungicide 2-3 times during the growing season. The most common options are copper sulfate and Bordeaux liquid, but more modern drugs (Topaz, Horus, Kuproksat, Abiga-Peak) can be used.

Bordeaux liquid is one of the most common fungicides, you can buy it or prepare it yourself

Mosaic disease is dangerous because it disrupts the natural process of photosynthesis in tissues. Because of this, the plant does not receive enough nutrition, the top of the bush dies off, fruit ovaries stop forming. The leaves are covered with dots of a pale green color, gradually turning into spots of irregular shape with clear boundaries. They are deformed, twisted along the vein. The stems become brittle and break easily. The disease also manifests itself on fruits - they are covered with light, rounded spots.

The virus is spread by insects, primarily by aphids, and can remain viable for a long time, hibernating in plant debris. In order for it to penetrate into plant tissues, the slightest mechanical damage is sufficient.

Tomatoes, which are properly cared for, suffer from mosaic disease much less often. Therefore, special attention must be paid to maintaining the optimum temperature and humidity for the crop. Regular feeding, which has a positive effect on the plant's immunity, is no less important. For prophylaxis, seeds before planting can be etched in a solution of Strobi, Alirin-B, Fitosporin for 15–20 minutes.

Infected plants must be removed from the garden as soon as possible and burned. The soil at this place is disinfected by spilling with a 2% solution of copper sulfate, dark pink - potassium permanganate or boiling water.

Tomatoes on the windowsill

The dimensions of the bushes of tomatoes of the Cranberry variety in sugar are such that they can be grown on a loggia or even on a windowsill, planting in flowerpots, pots, boxes. As a rule, at home, their height does not exceed 30-50 cm.

Tomato bushes Cranberries in sugar can also have a decorative function

Tomatoes are a light-loving culture. They are not even afraid of direct sunlight. Before flowering, it is recommended to turn the plant every 3-5 days so that the bush does not form "one-sided".

With a lack of light, a significant part of the buds and fruit ovaries fall off. Therefore, the sill of a window facing south, southeast, southwest is best suited for placing a "vegetable garden". If this is not possible, additional illumination with fluorescent or phytolamps will be required. They are placed about 25-30 cm above the top of the bush at a slight angle. For the fastest harvest, daylight hours are extended to 14-16 hours.

Seeds are sown in early summer. Then fruiting occurs at the end of autumn and continues until the New Year. The second option is to plant sugar cranberries in November. In this case, the crop is harvested from late March to early summer.

The compactness of tomato bushes Cranberries in sugar allows you to place them even on the windowsill

Seedlings are grown in the same way as for planting in the ground. Tomatoes dive into small pots with a diameter of 8-10 cm. Then they are transplanted in a container with a volume of 4-6 liters.

The bushes need fresh air, but at the same time they are very afraid of cold drafts, so the ventilation is carried out very carefully. Those who have been growing tomatoes on the windowsill for a long time recommend placing a glass of water next to the pots during airing. This will help to increase the humidity in the air.

There is no one to pollinate cranberries in sugar at home, so during flowering, the bushes need to be gently shaken several times a day. Or transfer pollen from flower to flower by hand, using a feather or soft brush. Also, during flowering, the bushes are recommended to be sprayed with a solution of boric acid (1 g / l). This contributes to an increase in the number of fruits and a faster ripening of the crop.

For artificial pollination, a feather or a soft brush is suitable.

Water the tomatoes at home every 3-5 days. It depends on how warm it is outside. The soil should not be allowed to dry out. Water is used only settled and warmed up to room temperature, ideally rain or thawed. It is poured not at the root, but closer to the edges of the pot. When it is absorbed, the soil must be loosened.

If the leaves of tomato bushes curl up a little during the day, especially in the heat, this is not a cause for concern. But when they "rise", being at a sharper than before, angle in relation to the stem, this means that they do not have enough light and / or fresh air, or watering is carried out too rarely.

Fertilizers are applied once a week, starting from the moment the fifth true leaf is formed. In 1 liter of water, 1 g of carbamide and potassium sulfate and 5 g of simple superphosphate are diluted. The rate for one plant is 0.5 liters.

Home-grown tomatoes are more susceptible to the development of fungal diseases. For prophylaxis, they are sprayed with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate every 1.5–2 weeks, powdered with sifted wood ash or tobacco dust.

Potassium permanganate is one of the most popular disinfectants, effectively destroying disease-causing fungi

The Cranberry variety in sugar, even at home, is characterized by abundant fruiting, so it is advisable to tie the branches to a support - sticks or pegs. The fruits are removed slightly unripe, the skin is reddish-brown. At home, they will quickly ripen, and new brushes will begin to form on the plant.

The main pests that threaten Cranberries in sugar at home are aphids and spider mites. They feed on plant sap, so the parts of the bush affected by them are deformed, gradually turn yellow, dry and die off. In especially severe cases, chemicals are used, but they are applied no later than 15–20 days before the start of fruiting.

It is very difficult not to notice aphids. Insects settle on the plant in whole colonies, tightly clinging to the top, the wrong side of young leaves, buds and fruit ovaries. For prevention, tomato bushes are sprayed once a week with infusions of any herbs with a pungent odor, orange peel, onion or garlic gruel, tobacco crumbs. If there are few aphids, the same means will help to cope with the pest, but the frequency of treatments is increased up to 2-3 times a day. A pest that has multiplied en masse is fought with the help of general-purpose insecticides - Mospilan, Inta-Vir, Calypso, Fury. Usually 2-3 sprays are enough with an interval of 4-6 days.

Aphids are one of the most omnivorous pests affecting plants both in the garden and at home.

It is quite difficult to see a spider mite with the naked eye, but thin translucent filaments that braid the brushes, buds, and the top of the plant are clearly visible. For prevention, the bushes are sprayed with infusion of garlic or cyclamen tubers every 7-10 days. If the pest has already appeared, folk remedies will not give an effect. It is necessary to use special preparations - acaricides (Neoron, Sunmayt, Vertimek).

In the fight against spider mites, specialized drugs are used

Video: growing tomatoes on the balcony

Gardeners reviews

Tomato Cranberry in sugar is suitable for growing throughout Russia, in greenhouses or in the open field. The variety is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and has an "innate" immunity against one of the most dangerous diseases for the culture - late blight. The fruits can be used both for fresh consumption and for home canning. ...


Taste qualities of fruits

As tomatoes begin to ripen, their color changes from a bright green to a lighter shade with a slight reddening. According to the description, reviews and photos of dishes, you can eat Pink Stella tomatoes without waiting for full ripeness. Ripe green tomatoes can be used to make salsa, and can also be pickled, salted, or fried. As they ripen, the taste of tomatoes becomes more complex, acquiring rich shades.

Ripe tomatoes have a deep color, but still, when pressed softly, the firmness of the fruit is felt. All growers who grow Stella tomatoes note their sweetness and delicate taste. Fruit seeds are small in size, there are few of them. Fruits are strong, not watery, ideal for canning. Housewives often use them in salads. Intense taste, tender pulp, lack of excess moisture - all this makes the Rose Stella tomatoes especially attractive.

The harvested tomatoes are stored at room temperature indoors or in a shady place outside. It is not recommended to keep tomatoes in the refrigerator, because temperatures below 10-12 ° C cause the breakdown of valuable aromatic compounds.


Classic variety of tomato of English selection - "Black Russian": description and recommendations for growing

Dark-fruited tomatoes are always of interest. They look unusual, have a delicate pleasant taste, are suitable for preparing salads, juices, decorating dishes.

Several bushes of the popular variety "Black Russian", planted in a greenhouse or open ground, will diversify the collection of tomatoes and will delight you with a good harvest.

  • Tomato "Black Russian": variety description

Photo
Growing features
Diseases and pests
Video

The variety belongs to the old classic, bred by English breeders. Recommended for growing in glazed greenhouses and film greenhouses; in warm regions, tomatoes can be planted in the ground. The harvested fruits are well stored, they can be plucked in the technical ripeness phase for ripening at room temperature.

Black Russian is a mid-season high-yielding variety. The bush is indeterminate, tall and spreading, with abundant green mass. In the greenhouse, the plants reach a height of 1.8 m, in open beds the bushes are more compact, up to 1.2 m high. Pinching and fastening to a solid support are required. The leaf is dark green, medium-sized. Fruits ripen in clusters of 3-5 pcs. The yield depends on the growing conditions, it can reach 4-5 kg ​​per bush.

Advantages and disadvantages Among the main advantages of the variety:

  • very tasty delicious fruits
  • good yield
  • undemanding to care
  • tomatoes are well stored, transportation is possible.

Among the disadvantages can be noted the need to form a bush.

Fruit characteristics

  • The fruits are large, weighing from 300 to 400g.
  • The shape is flat-rounded or heart-shaped, with slight ribbing at the peduncle.
  • During ripening, the fruits change color from light green to a beautiful burgundy chocolate.
  • Tomatoes have a large number of seed chambers, the pulp is juicy, fleshy, and has a pleasant sweet taste.
  • High content of sugars, amino acids and vitamins.

Juicy fleshy fruits are ideal for fresh consumption, they are used to prepare salads, mashed potatoes, sauces. From ripe fruits, a sweet thick juice of an unusual shade is obtained.

Below are some photos of the Black Russian tomato variety:

Growing features

Seeds are sown in the second half of March. Before planting, they can be treated with a growth stimulant for better germination. The soil is made up of a mixture of garden soil with humus.

Tip: It is preferable to use the land in which the grown seedlings will be planted in the future. It is taken from the beds where legumes, cabbage, and herbs grew. Do not use eggplant or pepper soil.

Seeds are sown with a slight deepening, plantings are sprayed with water, covered with foil and placed in heat. After sprouting, tomatoes need bright sunlight or artificial light, moderate watering with warm water and a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees. When the first true leaves appear on the seedlings, they dive and feed it with liquid complex fertilizer.

The transfer begins in the second half of May or early June. The soil is mixed with humus, a woody hall is laid out along the holes (1 tablespoon per plant). For 1 sq. m can accommodate 3 plants. They need to be watered in moderation, only with warm, settled water. Tomatoes are sensitive to feeding. Before flowering, nitrogen-containing complexes are preferred; after the formation of ovaries, the bushes are fed with magnesium sulfate or sprayed with an aqueous solution of superphosphate.

To improve the quality of fruits, tomatoes are formed into 2-3 stems, removing the side stepsons above the third brush. To speed up the formation of ovaries, pinching off excess flowers on the brushes, as well as removing the lower leaves, will help. Be sure to tie to stakes or trellises.

Older tomato varieties are susceptible to viral and fungal diseases. Preventive measures will help to save them. Before planting, the earth is spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate.

In the intervals between watering, the soil is loosened; for the prevention of root rot, it can be mulched with humus or peat. During the late blight epidemic, plantings are treated with medicinal preparations.

Insect pests can be fought with the help of industrial insecticides, as well as home remedies: infusion of celandine or onion peels, a solution of ammonia or laundry soap.

Large-fruited, easy-to-care tomatoes of the "Black Russian" variety are excellent for home gardens. Seeds for subsequent plantings can be collected independently, from ripe fruits.

We offer you to watch a video clip about varieties of black tomatoes:


Cucumber Ukhazher F1: variety description, photos, reviews

Cucumber Ukhazher is a reliable hybrid variety adapted to unfavorable conditions. It is appreciated for its extended fruiting, unpretentiousness and high yield. The variety is used for preparing salads or fresh. To obtain a high yield, the seedling method of growing crops is used. When planting in a greenhouse, cucumbers are harvested before the autumn cold snap.

Characteristics of the variety

Cucumber Ukhazher bred by Russian breeders. The hybrid is included in the State Register in 2004 and is recommended for planting in the central zone, the Volga region, in the North Caucasus, in the North and North-West regions.

Description of the variety and photo of the cucumber Ukhazher:

  • mid-late ripening
  • the period from germination to harvesting of fruits takes 55-60 days
  • pollinated by bees
  • mixed type of flowering (have female and male flowers)
  • powerful plant
  • average ability to form shoots
  • large dark green leaves.

The fruits of the Ukhazher variety have a number of features.

  • lumpy cucumbers
  • deep green color
  • cucumber length from 18 to 20 mm
  • diameter 4 cm
  • weight about 200 g
  • thin skin
  • white thorns.

5-6 kg of cucumbers are harvested from one bush of the Uhazher variety. The yield depends on the cultivation method and the climatic conditions of the region. The variety is recommended for planting in a greenhouse or greenhouse. In warm climates, plants are planted in open areas.

Cucumbers The boyfriend is used fresh, added to salads, appetizers, side dishes and other dishes. Chopped up, the variety is suitable for preparing assorted vegetables and canned salads.

Fruiting of cucumbers The boyfriend is long, until the onset of autumn frosts. The variety tolerates cold snaps well.

The seeds of the companies Gavrish, Golden Altai, Good Seeds, Aelita, Harvest of Good Luck are on sale. Planting material is packaged in a package of 10 pcs.

Growing cucumbers

Cucumber variety Boyfriend is recommended to grow under a film cover. The most reliable way is to get seedlings at home. According to reviews and photos in the southern regions, the Cucumber F1 is successfully developing in open areas.

Planting seeds

Seeds of the Ukhazher variety are planted for seedlings in March-April.The planting material is disinfected by placing it in Fitosporin solution. Processing will further avoid the spread of diseases.

Advice! When the cucumber seeds swell, they are wrapped in a damp cloth for 2 days. The material is periodically moistened to prevent it from drying out.

Cucumber seeds The boyfriend is planted in ready-made peat-humus cups. One seed is placed in each of them. The use of separate containers allows you to do without picking cucumbers.

You can prepare a substrate for cucumbers yourself from compost, peat and sawdust in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. For 5 liters of the mixture, add 1 tbsp. l. nitrophosphate and wood ash. The soil mixture is filled into containers.

Cucumber seeds The boyfriend is not embedded deeply, it is enough to pour a layer of soil 5 mm thick. The plantings are watered with warm water and kept at a temperature of 23-27 ° C. To increase the temperature and create a greenhouse effect, the containers are covered with foil. Turn it over periodically to provide fresh air.

Seedling care

After germination, Cucumbers are provided with a number of conditions:

  • daytime temperature +20 ° С
  • night temperature +16 ° С
  • lighting for 12 hours
  • regular addition of moisture.

If necessary, phytolamps or fluorescent devices are installed over the seedlings of cucumbers. Lighting is turned on in the morning and evening.

Planting cucumbers The boyfriend is watered every week with warm, settled water. Moisture is applied at the root. It is most convenient to use a spray bottle. Excess water is discarded.

When 1-2 leaves are formed in plants, they are dived into separate containers or peat tablets. After the transplant, the room temperature is lowered to +17 ° C for several days.

Landing in the ground

The seedlings of the Ukhazher variety are transferred to a permanent place in late May or early June. Plants with 3-4 leaves are subject to transplantation.

The place for growing cucumbers is prepared in the fall. The site should be well lit by the sun and protected from the wind. Plants prefer fertile, permeable soil with a minimum nitrogen content.

In the fall, when digging up beds for cucumbers, you need to add peat, humus and a little sawdust. Low-lying areas where moisture and cold air accumulate are not suitable for planting cucumbers Boyfriend. Cucumbers grow well in beds with a height of 30 cm, located from east to west.

Attention! The best precursors for cucumbers are tomatoes, cabbage, onions, perennial herbs. Planting after pumpkin crops is not recommended.

According to the description of the variety from the producers, the Cucumbers are planted in a permanent place according to the 50x50 cm scheme. The plants are transferred together with a peat cup into the planting hole. The roots are covered with a mixture of soil and humus. After planting, 3 liters of moisture are added under each plant.

Suitor cucumbers produce high yields when given the proper care. Planting is watered and fed. With regular maintenance, the likelihood of the spread of diseases and pests is reduced.

Watering

The scheme for watering cucumbers The boyfriend depends on the stage of their development:

  • until the buds appear - 3 liters of water under the bush weekly
  • during flowering and fruiting - 6 liters every 3 days.

Before watering, water is poured into barrels to raise its temperature. Moisture is brought in by internal or evening hours. It is important to avoid water contact with the roots and leaves of cucumbers. To prevent water jets from eroding the soil, watering cans with spray nozzles are used.

After adding moisture under the cucumbers, the soil is loosened and weeds are removed. Loosening improves the absorption of moisture and nutrients. In the heat, do not allow the appearance of a crust on the surface of the soil.

Top dressing

Cucumbers of the Ukhazher variety are fed according to the scheme:

  • 2 weeks after transfer to the ground
  • when forming buds
  • during fruiting.

In the heat, root dressing is effective, since the plants actively absorb nutrients from the soil. In cool weather, they switch to foliar treatments.

A universal top dressing for cucumbers is a solution of mullein or bird droppings in a ratio of 1:15. For 1 m2 of plantings with cucumbers, 4 liters of liquid fertilizer are applied.

For spraying cucumbers, the Suitor uses a complex fertilizer. The solution can be obtained by mixing 15 g of urea, 25 g of potassium sulfate and 30 g of superphosphate. Foliar treatment is carried out in the morning or in the evening in the absence of direct sunlight.

Mineral substances are replaced with wood ash. It is added to the water a day before watering or embedded in the ground. Wood ash not only saturates the soil with nutrients, but also repels pests.

Bush formation and tying

According to the description, the cultivar of cucumbers is not prone to strong branching, it does not require additional formation. It is enough to pinch the stepsons and the ovaries growing under 3 leaves.

As the cucumbers grow, they need to be tied up. The procedure does not allow the plantings to overgrow, simplifies maintenance and harvesting.

In a greenhouse or in an open area, supports are driven in, between which a wire or thin twine is pulled.

Protection against diseases and pests

Variety Ukhazher is resistant to root rot, true and downy mildew. For prevention, cucumbers are treated with Fitosoprin, Oxyhim, Topaz. The funds are diluted with water according to the instructions and are not used during the fruiting period.

To reduce the risk of developing diseases, adherence to agricultural techniques allows:

  • observance of crop rotation
  • use of quality seeds
  • watering rationing
  • airing greenhouses and greenhouses with cucumbers.

Of the folk methods of combating diseases, infusions on onion peels and garlic are effective. They are used to spray cucumbers. To keep the infusion on the leaves longer, add a little crushed soap to it.

The pungent smell of garlic and onions repels aphids, spider mites, thrips and other pests. A more radical way to get rid of insects is to use insecticides.

Gardeners reviews

Svetlana, 37 years old, Rostov region

Every year I try to buy new varieties of cucumbers. I grow them outdoors. Last year, I purchased the seeds of cucumbers Ukhazher according to the description of the variety and photo. The variety fully met expectations. In the open field, there were no problems with pollination. Cucumbers go well in salads. Part of the harvest is sent for sale, they are bought up very quickly.

I bought cucumber seeds Boyfriend F1, focusing on reviews and photos. Late ripening variety, pollinated by bees. The taste is excellent, we use it mainly for salads. When growing the variety, Uhazher noticed that many male flowers are growing. Next year I plan to use it for pollination of other varieties of cucumbers with a female type of flowering.

Marina, 52 years old, Novosibirsk

Cucumber Boyfriend is a favorite salad variety, I have been planting its seeds for 4 years in a row. Grows well in a greenhouse, pollination occurs due to insects. To attract bees and wasps, I planted several marigolds in the greenhouse.

The fruit tastes sweet, the skin is thin, does not taste bitter. Indoors it bears fruit until October, even when outside temperatures are already below freezing.

The boyfriend is a very cold-resistant variety, I recommend it for growing in unstable climatic conditions.

Conclusion

Cucumber Uhazher is a proven salad variety that yields high yields even under harsh conditions. Variety care includes watering and feeding. Cucumbers Boyfriend are resistant to diseases, tolerate a lack of heat well. Subject to the rules of care, they do not show signs of fungal infections.


So for this I parted with the Honey Drop: a bunch of lush brooms, then the same number of small fruits. For some, the drop turns out to be normal, always sweet. The originator is the Gavrish agricultural company. This is a very old variety, it was still grown by my grandmother, and then by my mother, then by me.

  • Ripening period - 100-110 days.
  • Indereminant shrub, tall.
  • The variety is included in the State Register for cultivation in all regions of the Russian Federation in greenhouses and under film shelters. I grew it outdoors.
  • Fruits are yellow, pear-shaped, weighing 40-50 g! Maybe we are not growing that. But so it is written in the State Register.
  • The taste is good, sweet with a tomato aroma.
  • Productivity - about 9 kg / m2.

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