Photo of aloe vera, tree, striped and others

Photo of indoor plants

Briefly about leaving

Aloe lighting is necessary bright, with a lack of natural light, additional artificial lighting is needed. The optimum temperature in summer is around 24 degrees, and in winter - around 13. Watering in summer is necessary plentiful, in winter watering is reduced, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. There is no need to humidify the air specially.

Aloe is fed once a month with mineral fertilizers from April to September. Aloe is not pruned. From mid-autumn to the end of winter, aloe leaves to rest. Aloe is transplanted only if necessary in early spring. Aloe propagates by shoots or seeds.

Read more about caring for aloe

Photos of popular species

White-flowered and fan aloe, Vera or Barbados, Descoings and Jackson. Aloe is dichotomous and treelike, cap-shaped and camperi, short-leaved and Marlota. Aloe is spotty or soapy or soapy, spinous and distant, brindle or variegated. Aloe is gray or striped, ugly or beautiful.

In the photo: Aloe albiflora / white-flowered aloe

In the photo: Aloe albiflora / white-flowered aloe

In the photo: Aloe arborescens / aloe tree

In the photo: Aloe arborescens / aloe tree

In the photo: Aloe aristata / spinous aloe

In the photo: Aloe bellatula / beautiful aloe (premium)

In the photo: Aloe brevifolia / short-leaved aloe

In the photo: Aloe camperi / aloe camperi

In the photo: Aloe camperi / aloe camperi

In the photo: Aloe descoingsii / Aloe Descoings

In the photo: Aloe descoingsii / Aloe Descoings

In the photo: Aloe dichotoma / aloe dichotomous

In the photo: Aloe distans

In the photo: Aloe ferox / aloe terrible (frightening)

In the photo: Aloe ferox / aloe terrible (frightening)

In the photo: Aloe marlothii / Aloe Marlota

In the photo: Aloe marlothii / Aloe Marlota

In the photo: Aloe mitriformis / cap-shaped aloe

In the photo: Aloe plicatilis / aloe fan

In the photo: Aloe plicatilis / aloe fan

In the photo: Aloe saponaria / soapy aloe (soapy)

In the photo: Aloe saponaria / soapy aloe (soapy)

In the photo: Aloe striata / striped aloe (gray)

In the photo: Aloe variegata / tiger aloe (variegated)

In the photo: Aloe variegata / tiger aloe (variegated)

In the photo: Aloe vera / aloe vera

In the photo: Aloe vera / aloe vera


  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Asphodelica
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

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Sweets are great: an overview of the sweetest apple varieties

What could be more delicious than a rosy sweet apple from your garden? It is these cultivars that most often take root in the plots of our compatriots. After all, fragrant fruits with a honey flavor are good for any culinary delight: jam, jam, homemade marmalade and many more different desserts can be made from apple varieties with a high sugar content. And it is easiest to choose the sweetest varieties, having at hand the authoritative opinion of folk experts: many of them consider the dessert varieties to be the sweetest apples.

When autumn varieties of apple trees are plucked

Many cultivars believe that autumn apples are an excellent option for those who have a small garden area and the climate does not allow growing crops that bear fruit in late autumn. In a private garden, early summer apple trees, at least 2-3 varieties, must certainly grow - we look forward to them for the sake of an early harvest. And, of course, autumn ones - they pick up the baton from summer cultivars - early autumn ones will delight you already at the end of August or at the beginning of September. The main period of fruiting of autumn varieties is the 2nd-3rd decade of September. Late autumn crops can be harvested until mid-October.

Autumn varieties of apple trees are most often chosen for industrial cultivation.

General information

How is aloe vera different from aloe? As noted above, this is also one of its varieties. And all types have some kind of peculiarity.

The homeland of aloe is the southernmost tip of southern Africa. It is there, in favorable natural conditions, the plant grows up to 3 meters in height. The home environment does not quite correspond to the native climatic conditions, therefore it grows much smaller in size and practically does not bloom. In connection with the latter, the people called him a century-old.

There are approximately 400 plant species in total. Two types have more pronounced useful and medicinal properties for people: aloe vera and agave.

Their external differences are insignificant. Aloe vera has a shorter trunk and its leaves are directed upwards, and the appearance of the tree-like variety corresponds to its name - it resembles a tree with a sufficiently developed trunk. More details about the differences will be described below in the article. For all of us, the agave, which is often found on home windowsills, is more familiar.

How to grow variegated aloe at home

You can grow aloe at home from seeds or cuttings, but this requires certain skills in caring for flowers. For those who do not have them, it is easier to buy a small plant in a flowerpot. Since variegated aloe is a fairly common plant, it can be purchased in Moscow and other cities of Russia at fairly low prices.

Seeds of tiger aloe are stratified before planting. To do this, they are soaked for several weeks in a weakly concentrated solution of potassium permanganate. After that, the seeds are sown in moistened soil, on top of which glass is placed. The seed container is placed in a sunny place.

The dark films around the seeds are a special device that facilitates their transfer by the wind.

If all conditions are met, after three weeks the seeds germinate, after which the glass is removed from the soil. When the seedlings grow a little, young plants are transplanted into separate flowerpots.

Young shoots in leaf axils.

For the formation of cuttings, the apical or lateral shoots are cut off. Within two days, they are left without water and soil, so that the cut site dries up a little. After that, the cuttings are planted in special soil so that they take root. Some experts recommend slightly moistening the soil before planting, and then during the first 7 days, do not water the plant, but spray it with a spray bottle. Others, on the other hand, advise you to regularly water the aloe so that the soil does not dry out.

This video shows the step-by-step process of transplanting a plant:

Despite the fact that aloe loves the sun, during the rooting of the cuttings, the flowerpot should be placed in a warm place, but so that direct sunlight does not fall on it. After rooting, the aloe can be placed on a sunny windowsill.

Aloe loves sunlight. If the plant lacks light, its leaves may become faded or narrow and elongated. In this case, the flowerpot must be rearranged in a sunny place in order to save the plant from death.

The soil for growing aloe is slightly acidic or neutral with a pH level of 5 to 7. Sometimes they use ready-made mixtures intended for growing succulents. When self-preparing the soil, sod and leafy soil, humus, peat and sand are mixed, adding a little crushed charcoal and brick chips to them. The components are mixed in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.

If the aloe grows very slowly, the soil may be too heavy for it. In this case, the succulent is transplanted by adding more sand to the soil.

Young aloe is planted in a flowerpot with a diameter of 10-15 cm. Since the root system of the succulent is powerful and growing rapidly, aloe is transplanted every year in the spring. A fully mature plant does not need such frequent replanting. It is transplanted every 2-3 years, slightly increasing the diameter of the pot. In this case, it is important to ensure that the roots of the plant do not rest against its walls, but have room for growth.

Watering aloe is rarely necessary. In summer, one watering per week is usually sufficient. On particularly hot days, the plant can be sprayed. You also need to make sure that the soil does not dry out too much. In this case, you can water the succulent more often than once a week, but do not forget that this plant does not tolerate waterlogging and may die because of this.

In winter, aloe begins a dormant period. With the onset of cold weather and a decrease in daylight hours, watering the succulent should be reduced to 1-2 times a month. At this time, it is also advisable to move the flowerpot to a room with a constant temperature of 10-15 ° C.

You can fertilize aloe only six months after the transplant. Top dressing is carried out with special fertilizers for succulents, which are applied to the soil after watering. Fertilizing the plant is useful only in the summer during the period of active growth.

A hybrid bush with an unusual color - spots on its leaves do not form stripes.

This type of succulents is practically not susceptible to diseases and pests. In rare cases, scale insects can grow on the plant. Their appearance is indicated by gray or brown oval spots on the leaves. To get rid of parasites, special tools are used that can be purchased at florist shops.

Aloe variegated - unpretentious and rather hardy decorative flower. With proper care, it grows 5 - 6 cm in diameter every year. By timely planting and updating the bush, it can grow up to 15 years.

Today we will tell you about the peculiarities of growing this beautiful and healthy succulent, about the rules for growing it and caring for it. you can also watch a useful video on this topic.

Types of aloe:

Aloe tree - Aloe arborescens

The most common species in indoor culture, with long, very succulent, green or bluish-coated leaves. Almost 99% of aloe leaves are water. On the edge of the leaves, there are short but strong thorns. In its natural environment, this species blooms with large pink or red flowers located on the tops of the peduncles, but at home, flowering rarely occurs.

Pure white varieties of aloe do not yet exist, but there are several subspecies, the leaves of which have light shades, as close as possible to white, for example, Somali aloe - Aloe somaliensis, short-leaved aloe - Aloe brevifolia, Descuana aloe - Aloe descoingsii and Aloe dhufarensis.

Aloe variegated, striped or brindle - Aloe variegata (Tiger Aloe)

A small succulent evergreen plant forming a rosette or large, succulent, triangular, sessile leaves. The leaves are colored in a dark green shade with transverse light stripes and a light border along the edge of the leaf plates. During the flowering period, it throws out tall erect peduncles, on top of which there are many pinkish-red tubular flowers with small petals.

Aloe fierce - Aloe ferox

In its natural environment, it reaches 2 - 3 m. In height. Based on the name, it becomes clear that this subspecies is equipped with strong thorns, and they grow not only on the ribs, but also in the center of the leaves. The leaves are oblong-triangular, green, with a bluish waxy bloom; in bright light they acquire a pinkish-purple hue. Peduncles bear inflorescences on the tops - candles, which contain a very large number of orange flowers with a long flower tube.

Aloe Barbados or Aloe Vera - Aloe vera

We are all familiar agave... It is a succulent evergreen shrub up to 1 m high. The stem bears long, succulent, light green leaves with thorns on the ribs, arranged spirally. Young leaves sometimes have lighter or darker spots on their surface, but they disappear with age. When kept in direct sunlight, the edges of the leaves become pinkish. It is widely used in medicine and cosmetology.

Aloe multifoliateliving in the mountains of Lesotho at an altitude of about 2500 m above sea level, tolerates frost and snow for a long time. Have aloe bulbiferous in the lower part of the inflorescence, instead of flowers, "bulbs" develop, which also serve for vegetative reproduction.

White-flowered aloe - Aloe albiflora

A compact succulent plant with thick, juicy, long leaves collected in a rosette. The leaves are almost rolled into a tube, painted in a dark green color with light green or yellowish specks. When grown in a well-lit place, a burgundy shade appears on the leaves. The edges of the leaves are equipped with small, sharp, light teeth. Peduncles are thin, erect, often branched to the top, 30 - 35 cm high. Flowers are white, bell-shaped, drooping, with a thin greenish stripe in the center of the petals, reaching 1 cm in diameter.

Aloe bulging — Aloe squarrosa

Attractive ornamental-leaved succulent with age, forming a thick, often drooping stem. The leaves are broadly triangular, thick, succulent, painted in a green or dark green shade with small light specks, reaching a length of 8 cm. Small light thorns are formed along the edges of the leaves, and sometimes right in the center. Peduncles are leafless, thin, 10 - 20 cm high. Flowers are small, tubular, orange with greenish tips.

Aloe cap-shaped - Aloe mitriformis

An amazing plant that, with age, forms long, lodging, branched stems up to 2 m long, and the plants develop quite quickly. Leaves are thick, succulent, triangular, green or pinkish, sessile. On the edges of the leaves, there are rows of short thick thorns of white or yellowish color. Peduncles are thin, leafless, branched to the top. The flowers are tubular, salmon with brown or gray tips. The flowering is very abundant.

Aloe pretty - Aloe bellatula

Small stemless succulents forming basal leaf rosettes with long, dark green, almost curled leaves. The surface of the leaves is covered with small light specks. The edges of the leaves have small white teeth. Flowers are tubular, coral, on the tops of thin, erect peduncles.

Aloe Descuana - Aloe descoingsii

The smallest stemless type of aloe with wide - triangular, thick, fleshy leaves, collected in basal rosettes. The leaves are dark green, often with small light specks, reaching a length of 4 cm. Peduncles are leafless, erect, 12 - 18 cm high, each capable of bearing up to 15 bright, orange, tubular flowers.

Aloe folded - Aloe plicatilis

Very showy succulents, which with age form thick, powerful, branched trunks covered with brownish gray bark. In its natural habitat, this species reaches a height of 3 - 5 m. The leaves are belt-like, juicy, flat, green, often covered with a bluish waxy coating. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs and reach a length of 30 cm. Peduncles, thick, short, powerful, bear tubular orange flowers at the tops.

Aloe haworthioides - Aloe haworthioides

Low-growing attractive succulent plants, forming basal rosettes of thick, succulent, triangular leaves, painted in dark green or brownish shades. The plants do not exceed 10 cm in height. The leaves are abundantly covered with long, thin, often curved, light cilia. Each rosette is capable of producing several erect peduncles with bright, orange flowers.

Aloe short-leaved - Aloe Brevifolia

Miniature succulents with thick, triangular leaves arranged in rosettes. With age, this species forms low, thick stems. The leaves are triangular, green, often covered with a bluish waxy coating. On the ribs of the leaves are short, thick, denticles. The leaves of some specimens are capable of acquiring a pinkish tint. Peduncles are tall, erect, form long, tubular, orange flowers at the top.

Aloe juvenna - Aloe juvenna

Succulent plants with long, lodging stems branched at the base, up to 30 cm high. Thick, succulent leaves are triangular in shape and abundantly cover the stems.In appearance, the leaves of this plant resemble faucaria. The shade of the leaves will depend on the degree of illumination - when grown in partial shade, the leaves will remain green with small white specks; in direct sunlight, the plant acquires a delicate pinkish tint. The small, light-colored teeth around the edges of the leaves appear sharp, but are actually soft. During the flowering period, tall peduncles with many tubular, greenish-salmon flowers appear on the tops of the shoots.

Aloe spiral - Aloe polyphylla

Stemless plants forming a very effective, symmetrical, basal leaf rosette. The leaves are juicy, green, triangular, arranged in a spiral. Often the surface of the leaves is covered with a bluish waxy coating. An interesting feature of the plant is that the leaves can be located both clockwise and counterclockwise. The edges of the leaf blades are equipped with small greenish teeth, and already sharp brownish teeth are located on the tops of the leaves. In the spring or early summer, plants will emit tubular red or salmon flower stalks.

Aloe rauhii - Aloe rauhii

A beautiful ornamental-leaved plant that forms a leaf rosette with a diameter of 10 to 20 cm. With age, some plants can form low stems. Leaves are thick, juicy, sessile. Young leaves are colored dark green with small silvery specks on the surface. With age, when grown in direct sunlight, the leaves can take on a pinkish or purple hue. During the summer months, the plant can adorn itself with an erect tall peduncle with tubular salmon flowers.

Aloe Marlota - Aloe marlothii

In their natural habitat, these plants can form tall stems, bearing the remains of old leaves, and in this case, their appearance will resemble yucca. Very large succulents with thick, fleshy leaves, capable of reaching a length of 1.5 m. The leaves are narrow - triangular, green, often covered with a blue waxy coating. When grown in good light, some plants can take on a bright orange or pink hue. In the warm season, gorgeous branched inflorescences with many orange or yellow flowers appear.

Aloe spinous - Aloe Aristata

An evergreen dwarf species that is a stemless leaf rosette that resembles a haworthia. The leaves are dark green, triangular, up to 15 cm long, covered with small light tubercles. Old leaves at the base of the plant can acquire a pinkish-bronze tint. The entire surface of the leaves is covered with small light spines. The upright stalks bear a multitude of bright orange flowers on the tops.

Aloe soap - Aloe saponaria

An evergreen perennial plant that forms rosettes of thick, broadly triangular, dark green leaves. Light green or bluish specks run across the leaf blades. Leaves may turn pinkish red when grown in sunlight. Vertical peduncles reach a height of 90 cm and bear tubular coral flowers at the top.

There are very attractive forms of variegated aloe with light spots or red-purple leaves, some varieties are distinguished by the presence of a large number of long white or even pink spines.

Height... Up to 1 m.

Relief from constipation

  • 150 ml of aloe vera juice
  • 250 gr honey
  • 350 ml red strong wine
  • Stir, remove in a dark place for 5 days, then store in a cold place.
  • Take as needed: 1 tablespoon 30 minutes before meals.

To raise vitality and immunity.

Mix equal parts: aloe and lingonberry juices + honey. Eat 2 tbsp. spoons before each meal.

Gastritis prevention and how to cure

  • If you want to prevent gastritis, then 2 times a year, within a month, drink 10 drops of aloe vera, poured into a spoonful of water. Half an hour before meals.

And to cure chronic gastritis, use this recipe

Take 200 grams each: honey and aloe pulp and 2 tablespoons of carrot juice. Stir and drink a tablespoon 30 minutes before meals.

To get rid of gastritis with high acidity, there is an old medicine that is taken in the morning on an empty stomach.

Squeeze out a glass of potato juice (use freshly prepared within the first 15 minutes). Add two tbsp. spoons of honey and 2 tbsp. tablespoons of aloe pulp (also fresh). And drink all this and eat nothing for 30-45 minutes.

For stomach ulcers

These recipes will not only help restore mucous membranes and stop inflammation, but also relieve pain, pacify heartburn and nausea.

  • Alcohol tincture helps very well from this ailment, but the minus of this recipe is a long period of infusion. Put half a kilo of finely chopped Aloe vera leaves, 700 grams of quality honey and half a liter of edible alcohol or quality vodka in a glass jar. And place in a dark place for 2 months. Strain, and so that the medicine does not ferment, keep the tincture in the refrigerator.

Take as a course within 6 weeks, for 30 minutes. 1 tablespoon before meals. Discontinue admission for 2 months and repeat if necessary.

  • A simpler remedy. Stir in 2 tablespoons of chopped aloe and 1 tablespoon of honey. Reception for 1 teaspoon, wash down with water 30 minutes before meals - 3 times a day. Take - 3 weeks, then interrupt for 2 weeks and repeat again.

Aloe for pulmonary tuberculosis

Aloe helps fight Koch's bacillus and slows down its reproduction rate.

  • This healing mixture will save you from coughing or chronic bronchitis.
  1. 100 grams of butter or goose fat. You can 1: 1 of both.
  2. 1 tbsp. l. aloe juice
  3. 100 g of honey
  4. 100 gr ground cocoa

Melt butter and / or goose fat over low heat. Add the rest of the products. Stir and take 3 times a day for 1 tbsp. spoon with a glass of warm tea or milk.

  • The second recipe for pulmonary tuberculosis
  1. Aloe pulp - 150 grams
  2. Badger fat - 500 grams
  3. Peeled garlic 25 grams
  4. Birch buds - 50 gr
  5. Natural honey - 50 gr
  6. Vodka or cognac - 100 ml
  7. Shells from 7 large chicken eggs, finely ground

All components are mixed and placed in a jar. In a warm place, this composition is infused for 5 days, while the composition must be stirred daily.

Reception - 1 tbsp. spoon one hour before meals, up to 3 times a day.

For hypertension and to lower bad cholesterol

30 minutes before meals, pour 5 drops of freshly squeezed aloe vera juice into a spoonful of water and drink. The course is 2 months. Control your blood pressure and do not abruptly cancel the pills.

To raise vitality and immunity, as well as from chronic gastritis, stomach ulcers and dysentery

Take 10 ml of Aloe Vera juice in a spoonful of water 30 minutes before meals

From oncology and other diseases. Brazilian Priest Roman Kago's recipe

Free the leaves from edges and skin. The result should be 300 grams of pulp, which must be cut into pieces. Put them in a blender + 500 grams of honey + 4 tablespoons of quality alcohol (there was cane liqueur, but you can take any good alcoholic drink). Mix.

Eat a full tablespoon 3 times a day, 15 minutes before meals, spoon until the disease subsides.

This priest was summoned to the sick in order to receive a blessing before his death, but quite often these sick people were met with surprise on the street. It turns out that Roman Kago regaled all the dying with this potion.

At least that's what Michael Poiser said in a talk show about aloe vera. You can watch it right now, I advise, very interesting.


Just like any other remedy, aloe has a number of contraindications:

  • plant allergy
  • hypertension
  • severe forms of diseases of the cardiovascular system
  • uterine bleeding
  • preparations with the addition of aloe should not be taken internally by pregnant women and children under 3 years old
  • external use is allowed from 1 year, but the concentration must be reduced.

Aloe has a number of contraindications, the main of which is individual intolerance.

Despite the fact that aloe is a very useful plant for the body, when a large amount of juice or pulp of the leaves is consumed, the following consequences may occur:

  1. Poisoning, which manifests itself in the form of diarrhea with blood
  2. Intestinal inflammation
  3. Possible miscarriage in early pregnancy
  4. A long period of using the leaves together with the peel can lead to the development of malignant and benign formations.

Aloe is a plant that anyone, even a novice florist, can grow. It does not require careful maintenance, but at the same time it is one of the most useful flowers growing right on the windowsill.

Watch the video: How to Plant u0026 Grow Aloe Vera at Home from Leaf? Planting u0026 Caring Aloe Vera in a Pot

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