Eucharis or Amazonian lily, as it is also popularly called, is a beautiful flowering houseplant. If you translate the name of the eucharis plant into Russian, you get "the most pleasant". This gives the plant even more popularity. The flower has all the qualities that are necessary for a houseplant.
Beautiful flowers that bloom twice a year. Very beautiful leaves that are not even inferior to the best representatives of ornamental plants. And in addition to this, there is also a wonderful scent of flowers, which is not always found in indoor plants.
If you are just a beginner lover of indoor plants and have not yet decided what to choose for your collection of flowers on the windowsill, then the recommendation would be eucharis large-flowered... We can say with confidence that there will be no doubts when buying this flower. There is only one "but". The Amazon lily is not a small flower and therefore can take up a lot of space in your house or apartment.
Some plant lovers are interested in the question, how many leaves should eucharis have? There are plants with 5-7 leaves and this is sometimes confusing, but in general there are 3-4 leaves per bulb. Most importantly, the number of leaves does not in any way affect the flowering of the plant.
Taking care of eucharis is very easy. As for lighting, the plant can grow and bloom in any room, on window sills and windows, even on the north side. But, despite such unpretentiousness, it is impossible to argue that the plant loves the shadow. For example, if the room is on the north side, then you need to place the eucharis as close to the window as possible.
If the size of the windowsills allows, then you can put the pot on them. The plant should always receive as much light as it needs. But it should be remembered that direct sunlight, especially from the east and south sides of the windows, can harm the leaves in the summer. The sun's rays can scorch the leaves. If there is such a risk, then it is better to place the flower pot not in front of the window, but for example, on the side.
The temperature at which eucharis should grow and bloom is from 18 to 22 degrees. Those. at normal room temperature, the flower will feel comfortable. You should be aware that temperature changes (7 degrees or more) will lead to the fact that the flowers will be much smaller than usual. This is most likely when the flower grows outside, and the temperature drops during the day and at night are very noticeable.
In winter, the optimum temperature for a plant is 15-17 degrees. But again, it is worth watching the development of the eucharis and see what temperature is most suitable for the growth of the flower. During the growth period, the temperature should be 18 degrees and not lower.
This is one of the most important aspects of eucharis care. Indeed, the success of growing a plant at home depends on proper watering. So, you need to water the plant quite rarely and only when the soil is completely dry. Stagnation of water can be fatal for eucharis. It will promote root rot and further plant death.
You need to learn how to properly water the plant. Eucharis is better to water rarely than abundantly and regularly. A flooded plant is much more difficult to save than a dried plant. After flowering, watering stops, and rest occurs.
The dormant period is very important for the plant. It is during this time that he is gaining strength for growth. After flowering, dried peduncles are carefully removed, while in no case touching the leaves. At rest, eucharis does not lose its decorative effect, but only passes from one stage to another.
The rest period lasts about a month. It usually falls between April and October. However, if the plant is properly and thoroughly cared for, it can bloom three times a year. Sometimes the plant has three dormant periods per year.
During the dormant period, you can safely move the plant to another cooler place. However, this condition is not required for the successful development of the plant. After a dormant period, when young sprouts appear on the eucharis and their active growth begins, watering resumes.
Eucharis should be fed exclusively in summer and only when the plant is actively growing. It is imperative that you familiarize yourself with the composition of the fertilizer before feeding. You need to choose a fertilizer with a low nitrogen content.
Quite often, novice gardeners are faced with a problem when eucharis does not bloom due to the fact that the pot is too spacious. You should know that eucharis will fully develop and bloom only in a cramped pot. It is recommended to transplant eucharis no more than once every three years. To do this, you need to select the following composition of the earth:
For a successful transplant, it is important to provide the soil with good drainage.
Reproduction of eucharis is carried out by dividing an adult bush. Each bulb should be planted in a pot with minimal root space. After transplanting, you need to water the plant and leave it alone for 10 days.
There is also another frequent question that interests people who have acquired eucharis so much: to what depth should the plant be planted? There are different ways to answer this question. It is necessary to plant a divided plant to a depth of half the size of the bulb. The fact is that when growth begins and babies begin to appear, in which the bulbs will be completely buried. This is normal and you shouldn't worry about it. With further transplants, it is also not worth planting in a different way - you need to leave it as it was.
Plant care is not as troublesome as it seems. But, of course, problems can arise. For example, wilting of leaves, as well as their yellowing, can be attributed to such problems. If only one or two leaves on the plant turn yellow, this is normal.
If the leaves turn yellow just massively, and even more so if brown spots appear on the leaves, you need to start taking action. This condition can be caused by hypothermia, as well as overdrying or overflow of eucharis. First you need to examine the roots and remove those that are rotten or damaged. Then transplant the plant into fresh soil and place it away from bright light. You rarely need to water.
If the roots on examination turn out to be healthy and without visible damage, then the task is simplified. You just need to remove the leaves that have turned yellow. You should not postpone the solution of this problem and wait for its independent resolution. The Amazon lily or eucharis can easily die completely. In both the first and second cases, you need to find the cause of the poor condition of the plant and eliminate it as soon as possible.
If the plant stands in a room where there is constant dry air, a scabbard can attack the eucharis. Interestingly, pests attack eucharis very rarely, but their appearance is not excluded.
Eucharis - the secrets of care and cultivation at home. Transfer
The houseplant eucharis (eucharis) is a genus of bulbous perennials of the amaryllis family, the name of which is translated from ancient Greek as "graceful", "pleasant", "full of grace." In nature, eucharises grow in Central and South America, from Guatemala to Bolivia, and most of the species are found in the upper Amazon, on the eastern slopes of the Andes. Popularly, Eucharis is often called the Amazonian lily, although its large (about 6-12 cm in diameter) fragrant flowers are more like daffodils in shape. Collected in umbrellas of 5-7 pieces, they effectively contrast with the dark green broad-oval leaves. The plant took its place in room culture at the beginning of the 19th century, conquering the hearts of flower growers with its unpretentiousness and outstanding beauty.
With proper care, eucharis blooms three times a year: in July-August, November-December, and February-March. Adult specimens are capable of releasing up to 8 flower arrows at the same time, and each of the alternately blossoming flowers lives for about 7-10 days. But what if the long-awaited flowering does not come? Does this mean that the overseas guest decided to show character? Not at all! As a true lady, the Amazonian lily appreciates attention and reveals its lovely flowers only in response to care. Perhaps you failed to provide the beauty with a decent welcome, or you made a mistake in caring for her. After fixing the errors, the problem will be resolved.
|Parameter||Spring Summer||Autumn winter|
|Lighting||East or west window, northern is possible, but the probability of flowering is low. Protect from direct sunlight.|
|Humidity||Spray the leaves regularly, stopping this procedure only during flowering.|
|Temperature||18-22 degrees, no temperature drops||15-17 degrees, if resting and not growing|
|watering||Moderate, allow topsoil to dry. During the dormant period, do not water|
|Top dressing||Only during growth and flowering|
The Amazon lily is native to the tropical jungles of South America, so a florarium is very suitable for it.
You can grow eucharis in the florarium, but it must be very large
The florarium is a closed glass container for growing plants, in which a special microclimate is created: tropics, deserts.
But it is important to understand that eucharis loves to grow in a group, so adult bushes can take up a lot of space, it will be difficult to enjoy a single eucharis planting, even if there are other plants nearby. All its power and beauty lies in the abundance of green leaves, which do not lose their decorative effect even during dormancy.
Eucharis loves to grow up with a big family
The genus Eucharis consists of two dozen species, which differ from each other in insignificant characteristics. Breeders have created several unpretentious varieties that are planted in open ground in the warm season. The following varieties are mainly grown at home.
The broad-oval leaves are up to 28 cm long. Up to 4 flowers appear in turn on the rounded peduncle, creating the appearance of constant flowering. Flowers bloom from March to May.
The most demanded species among florists. The leaves look like wide ovals up to 35 cm in size. It can produce flowers in summer and on New Year's. On tall peduncles, several snow-white fragrant flowers appear as an umbrella. Each of them is rather large - 10–12 cm in diameter. Eucharis large-flowered stands out in paired leaf blades.
In this species, wide oval leaves up to 25 cm long and up to 18 cm wide sit on petioles. Usually 2-3 flowers appear on the peduncle, but there is also a variety with many small corollas. Flowering occurs at the end of winter and early spring.
It has oblong leaf blades, wide in the middle and pointed towards the end and at the petiole. The peduncle is usually brown-green in color, bears 6-10 white flowers. Flowering occurs in March and December.
It has oblong, bright green leaves of a triangular shape with a central vein in the middle. A thin brownish peduncle usually bears 6 to 8 white fragrant flowers. The center of the corolla is pale green in color. Flowering occurs in mid-spring. The indicated flowering periods of different varieties of indoor eucharis may shift. There are varieties that produce flower stalks with fragrant corollas twice a year, and the second time comes in the middle of winter. Such a peculiar gift for the New Year holidays.
The sap of the plant is poisonous and can cause skin irritation and even burns. Therefore, flower pots should be placed higher if there are small children and animals in the house.
Amaryllis family. Homeland - tropical America. A beautiful bulbous plant with snow-white, fragrant flowers collected in an umbrella. In shape, the flower bears a resemblance to a daffodil. The first bloom from October to deep winter. It blooms for the second time in spring. March and August are the dormant period of the plant. At this time, you can transplant. During the transplant, the children are separated. Keep the planted onion in a warm place until it sprouts and water it sparingly. The cultivated species Eucharis large-flowered Eucharis grandiflora blooms in late summer and blooms again in good conditions after a few months. Flower with a long tube on a peduncle up to 60 cm tall. There are from three to 6 flowers.
Temperature: Eucharis is thermophilic. In winter, not lower than 16-18 ° С. To speed up flowering, the temperature is raised and more light is provided.
Lighting: Strong ambient light or partial shade, cannot tolerate direct sunlight.
Watering: Abundant during flowering, in March and August the plant is usually dormant, so watering is almost stopped at this time, but the earthen lump should not completely dry out.
Fertilizer: In spring and summer, until the end of flowering, fertilizing is carried out after 2 weeks with special liquid fertilizers for flowering indoor plants.
Air humidity: From time to time, eucharis leaves are washed with a sponge. In the summer they are regularly sprayed.
Transfer: Not earlier than once every 3-4 years, during the dormant period, while maintaining an earthen lump during transplantation. During transplantation, unlike other bulbous ones, it is not recommended to separate the babies unnecessarily in eucharis, since eucharis planted alone do not bloom for a long time. The bulbs are planted to a depth of 4-5 cm. After planting, they are rarely watered for the first time. The soil is poured the most nutritious (fibrous-sod with an admixture of leaf and peat soil, as well as rotted mullein and sand). They are planted in shallow but wide pots.
Planting and caring for viburnum
In many garden plots, you can see luxurious bushes of red viburnum. And it is not surprising: this culture is very durable, does not fear frost and already in the third or fourth year after planting pleases with the first harvest of healing berries. At the same time, it grows on almost any soil - if only there was enough moisture and plenty of sun. In May, the viburnum color attracts insects; in winter, birds are not averse to feeding on its berries. And people have long appreciated their healing properties. After picking berries after the first frost, when a specific bitterness partially disappears from them,.
Compost pit and composting
Compost is a product of microbiological transformation of organic matter into a very valuable fertilizer for plants. In addition to the fact that it well provides balanced nutrition with microelements for garden plants, its use improves the structure of the soil well, makes it quite loose, significantly increases the humus content in the soil, optimally air and moisture permeable, easy for subsequent processing. And the compost pit is a place for the disposal of various plant residues: fallen leaves, mowed grass, peat, weeded out with.
Garden basil is a gingerbread plant. The entire aboveground part of the basil has a spicy smell. Fresh leaves contain vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, essential oils. In addition, the plants contain phytoncides. This plant repels and partially causes death of some insect pests.Gardeners use its insecticidal properties to protect plants from aphids, spider mites and other ground insects in open ground and indoors, placing basil pots among the affected plants or planting plots with them. Dry greens are also used.
The healing properties of eggplant
Eggplant contains water, fats, proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, pectins, solanine (melongen), carotene, vitamins C, P, PP, B1, B2, a significant amount of vitamin B9. Eggplant is also rich in minerals. It contains a significant amount of potassium, copper, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron, phenolic compounds and anthocyanins, so one should hardly be surprised at the abundance of healing properties inherent in eggplant. First of all, they are associated with hematopoietic, capillary-strengthening and anti-sclerotic action. Therefore the eggplant treatment.
Black steam method
The black steam method is perhaps one of the most effective methods of soil maintenance in garden plots. Thanks to this simple method, the entire garden area is weed-free and loose. This contributes to the good retention of moisture in the soil, which is very important especially for irrigated gardens, as well as with a lack of water. In accordance with the technology of "black steam", during the growing season of plants, the soil is repeatedly cultivated to a depth of 6 to 8 cm. This protects the soil from compaction, and also clears the garden from weeds. Per.
Optimal garden layout
The fruit garden and vegetable garden are best arranged in the warmest places protected from the wind. You need to carefully select the plants for the garden - after all, the trees will stand here for many years. These areas should be comfortable to work with. It's great if there are benches installed in shaded places, so that in between weeding the beds or picking cherries, you can relax and admire the results of your labor. Not far from the garden and vegetable garden there should be at least a small room in which tools and garden equipment are stored. After all, every river is inconvenient.
Perhaps everyone dreams of a cozy corner where he can relax, have a cup of tea or a glass of wine, and relax. It is especially good if such a place is somewhere in nature, for example, in the country. Clean air, birdsong is an idyll. But unfortunately, in the modern world, it is almost impossible to find untouched, by the hand of man, areas, so people have to be sophisticated and create nature with their own hands. Or change it as you like. Landscaping copes with this task. Some may snort contemptuously, they say, give such.
The chemical method of protecting the garden with pesticides
A promising chemical method for protecting the garden is low-volume, small-drop spraying, where by reducing the size of the sprayed liquid droplets and more uniform coverage of the leaves with them, you can greatly increase the efficiency of spraying, and in some cases, reduce the consumption of the drug. Pesticides are applied to plants with a special apparatus - a sprayer. Sprayers have air blowers (usually of fan type). The components of the sprayers are pumps that create the required pressure and tips that allow fine times.
How to care for apple trees
Planting apple trees is best done together. One pours fertilized soil with a mound on the bottom of the pit, the other sets the seedling on the mound, straightens the roots and monitors the height of the root collar above the soil surface. The root collar must be strictly at the soil level. It should not be allowed to go deeply, otherwise the growth of trees will be slowed down and oppressed. Shallow planting is also unacceptable - the roots dry out, take root worse, give a lot of growth. Before planting on a mound, unfertilized soil taken from the row spacing is added to the pit - I will not allow it.
Spot lighting is used mainly to illuminate individual elements of the garden area, flood lighting is used to illuminate large areas. Depending on the area of application, luminaires are distinguished for accent lighting, for facades, gazebos, paths, reservoirs and for illuminating the area located near the house. The luminaires can be powered by both electricity and solar energy. The latter have a low power, so the glow is dim. They are used most often to designate areas of the site, highlight garden paths, reservoirs, etc. It should be pom.
Prevention of diseases of garden strawberries
Garden strawberries are very tender and cannot be stored for a long time. Already after 6 - 8 hours of storage at room temperature, their appearance deteriorates. They can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than two days. During the harvest period, watering of strawberries should be reduced to a minimum to optimize the flavor of the berries and reduce the gray rot disease, which can destroy more than fifty percent of the crop. The main cause of the disease is thickened plantings, excess moisture and nitrogen fertilizers. The disease infects buds, flowers, ovaries and especially berries. On the affected parts of the cart.
Echinacea is easy to grow on your own in your garden. It does not require much time or space, but large inflorescences-baskets up to 15 cm in diameter with wine-red, pink, crimson, lilac or white ligulate flowers, gracefully bent down, and a convex disc of yellow-brown tubular flowers will delight from July to October. But it's better to look for seeds in advance: it is with them that it is preferable to propagate this beauty. True, you can divide the bush in the spring, but it is worth considering that the delenki take root slowly. Seeds from the present.
During active growth and flowering, eucharis is fed every 15 days. For this purpose, liquid complexes for flowering indoor crops (Fertika Lux, Agricola, Bone Forte) are suitable. The Amazonian beauty also responds well to organic matter, which is introduced alternately with mineral fertilizers. In order not to burn the root system of the plant, feeding is carried out immediately after abundant watering. At the end of flowering, the supply of nutrient solutions is stopped until a new arrow appears.
And I no longer hope for the bloom of my bastard! An adult onion and 2 children are sitting in a small pot. On an adult there are 4 sheets, on children there are 3 sheets, this is a constant value. If a new leaf climbs, then one of the old leaves dies off on this bulb. Sits on the east window across the balcony. Well, I don't understand what he wants. And she persuaded, and threatened with a bucket, nothing to break through.
I want to tell you how I gained a bitter experience ... In the first 2 attempts, I brutally flooded 2 flowers (in turn). In our climate (Brest), before watering, it is ALWAYS necessary to dry the land. Never pour on wet and it is imperative that all excess water is poured out. The onion rot is always characteristic - it seems that the leaf does not have enough water, it seems to wither - it lowers its head, and then sharply turns yellow (it does not dry, but turns yellow). The last onion was reanimated. I dug up an almost lifeless onion with the last decaying leaf. I cut out everything rotten (I did not tear off the leaf), held it in an antifungal solution, sprinkled it with charcoal, dried the water on a bulb and planted it in dry ground. The leaf was sprinkled with epin. He stuck out like this for 2.5 weeks (only sprinkled the leaf). Then she began to water using the method from drying to drying (I put it in the bathroom and spilled it through + with an antifungal solution at the end, and as excess water flows out - on the western window. It seems to have survived. She began to treat it in April-May, and now there is already a second new leaf on it And yet ... rotting always began in the off-season when there is no heating - now I will not water at all at this time. She does not tolerate coolness and watering at the same time ...
Natalia N Regent
As far as I noticed, my eucharis does not tolerate pots without a drain. I agree to the poorest sandy land, to the shade, to anything, even to multiple transplants, it does not react so badly - but give him a pot with a drain.
I had eucharis at work, too withered. Brought home, began to transplant. Instead of earth, there was a lump, I barely peeled an onion - there were two of them. One had no roots or leaves. Ode transplanted the bulbs separately into new pots - with good soil + good drainage. Sprayed epin on the window (y-v). That onion, which was also with roots and a leaf, immediately began to grow. After a while, the second was born!
During flowering, you just need to wait for the pistil to ripen ... Pollinate calmly and follow the care. After the flower withers and falls, the bud on the peduncle will begin to swell until it grows completely. Then he himself must somehow either burst or fall off)))) And it is not difficult to pollinate the bulbous flower: a small amount of mucus should appear on a mature pistil (for the germination of stamens), you will immediately notice it, it is a little sticky. As soon as it appears, either with your finger, or better with a brush (you can from drawing), rub a little of the stamens (so that the pollen settles on the brush) and then lubricate the pistil with it, leaving a certain amount on it. As soon as the stamen appears on the pistil, it begins to sprout like a seed in the ground. Thus, it (the stamen) grows through the entire trunk of the pistil until it reaches the pericarp))) It seems to be so ... Then watch, the fruit should begin to swell. This is all a long process, don't expect results after a few days. The fruit can form from a week to a month.
It is believed that eucharis fills the room with energy, and during flowering relieves fatigue from everyone and energizes, restoring mental comfort. But do not place it near beds, especially flowering specimens.