What conditions should be created for plants for harvest


Do we know plant biology?

In order to master the various techniques of plant agrotechnology, it is necessary to know the basics of their biology. It often happens that some special terms introduce confusion, and then it turns out that science with its designations turns out to be distant and incomprehensible for an ordinary gardener.

And this is completely wrong. Here is the most common example: when buying seeds, the buyer is told that radishes are a long-day plant, so in order to obtain high-quality root crops, one should artificially create a short day for them with the help of plant shelter.

What does all this mean? Let's try to figure it out.

Here we are talking about the relation of various plants to light and their requirements for daylight hours... These are two different things.

Towards light intensity plants are divided into light-loving: pumpkin, nightshade, legumes, that is, these are the majority of fruit plants, and on plants shade-tolerant: most root vegetables, salad crops, green crops. Here we are talking about the fact that in conditions of sufficient illumination, the plants will stably grow and bear fruit.

The increased exactingness of all plants to light when growing their seedlings is explained by the fact that during this period the plants must not only actually grow and increase the leaf apparatus, but also lay growth and fruit buds for the future - an advance of the future harvest.

Daylight hours directly affects the formation of reproductive organs, i.e. fruit or fruit bearing seeds. There are plants with short daylight hours (up to 12 hours), long days (above 12 hours) and neutral to the length of daylight hours. If the length of the day does not coincide with the requirements of the culture, then the plant begins to build up its vegetative mass (leaves and roots), and its flowering is delayed.

In this way, short day plants, and these are the majority of southern plants - tomato, cucumber, pumpkin, zucchini, potatoes and others - will begin to bloom and bear fruit faster with no more than 12 hours of daylight per day.

TO long day plants include such northern plants as lettuce, radish, dill, most crucifers, beets and others. A short daylight hours inhibits their entry into fruiting and provokes the growth of vegetative organs.

Thus, by combining our requirements for the productivity of a plant, that is, what exactly we need - fruits, leaves or roots, as well as knowledge about the specifics of their growth, we can more clearly regulate the development and fruiting of garden crops to our advantage.

A. Kremneva, agronomist


How to create comfortable conditions for seedlings: about light, warmth and watering

Most summer residents are engaged in growing seedlings: in our climate, without this, it is simply impossible to breed what you want. As a rule, gardeners place plantings on window sills, and here they often have to make a forced compromise when there are a lot of green pets, and there is not enough space for them. As a result, the plants don't get what they need. The author and presenter of the popular YouTube channel Alyona Volkova talks in her book "#Alyonin's Garden" about what conditions should be created for seedlings so that they grow strong and healthy.


What are the ideal seedling conditions?

Light is the most important thing for seedlings! Neither soil, nor seeds, nor temperature are of such great importance. Why? Because light is energy for a plant, with the help of which it can “build” its body. The better the lighting, the stronger and healthier the seedlings.

Already from the beginning of March, even in the gloomy Baltic and even in the southwestern and northeastern windows, there is enough light for the development of peppers and eggplants. Since the beginning of April, there is enough lighting for absolutely all plants. But what if you sowed seedlings in January and February?


Since the beginning of March, there is enough light for the development of seedlings

The simplest and most economical supplementary lighting will help out - a screen made of reflective material. You can use, for example, pieces of foil-clad insulation or a shiny cape from a car first aid kit. You can fix them behind the pots with seedlings in different ways: just to the curtains, to the cardboard, to the pots themselves (with tape), etc. It is possible, and sometimes necessary, to stick light reflection on the window slopes. Often this measure is more than enough, and the plants do not even bend towards the window. Already in April, it is better to remove the film so as not to "fry" the seedlings.

Electric supplementary lighting is, of course, more expensive, especially when using incandescent lamps. New to this market are LED plant lamps or phytolamps. So far, they are provoking a fierce protest from very experienced summer residents, but these same seasoned gardeners and cell phones at first denied, and now they are watching videos of the Alyonin Sad channel from their gadgets. You can also get acquainted with my video on the 7 dacha channel. A separate playlist contains videos that were created specifically for this project.


LED plant lamps are good!

Phytolamps use LED technology, which was invented relatively recently, in 1961. Do you know about LED bulbs? They work on the same principle as phytolamps. The beauty of LEDs is that they emit light in a strictly defined spectrum with a certain wavelength. Plants mostly need red and blue light for better growth and development. This means that by creating luminaires with a given spectrum, we can significantly increase the efficiency of lighting for more productive development! And the pink light in the spring windows of city apartments, which is growing every year, suggests that the number of supporters of progress is growing.

LED phytolamps have one huge plus - low power consumption, and one minus - their high cost. Now the market is being filled with lamps of this type, which in the end, of course, will reduce their price. Unfortunately, there are still a lot of unscrupulous manufacturers who produce low-quality products.

You can choose a suitable lamp for supplementary lighting of your plants in our market. There is a special selection of Seedling Lamps.


What conditions need to be created for plants for the harvest - garden and vegetable garden

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

A modern garden is unthinkable without a lawn. In some garden compositions, the lawn plays a central role, in some it serves as a worthy frame for other decorative elements, but it is impossible to do without it in any garden. It can be either classic English or freely flowering Moorish.

The classic lawn has many faces: it can serve as a playground for children, a place for lunch and dinner in nature, it can be a winding path between thickets of flowers and bushes - it has a huge number of roles in your garden. The main thing is that he always looks neat and does not require exhausting.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

The vegetable garden should be profitable! This is the leitmotif of the book, dictating a selection of tips and questions to ponder. From this point of view, the sections on seeds, new technologies in vegetable growing have been written.

Particular attention is paid to the common mistakes and misconceptions of gardeners, which do not allow obtaining high yields of vegetable crops and sometimes doing work at their summer cottage.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

The winter garden is a rather complex structure, and in order for it to bring warmth and joy over the years, it is necessary to develop a high-quality project. Only professionally designed and built, it will allow solving architectural, planning, economic and energy projects at the same time.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

Alexander Vladimirovich Korodetsky is a famous St. Petersburg phytoenergetic and author of popular books, an expert in the field of naturopathy. And most importantly, recently the owner of a land plot in the Leningrad region, from which he receives rich harvests. The secret of Alexander Korodetsky is an effective method of landless tillage. This technique allows you to almost double the yield, significantly reducing the time and effort required! Moreover, it is the most environmentally friendly and resource-saving method of processing, which preserves the structure of the soil, the surface fertile layer and creates optimal conditions for the growth and development of plants without the use of chemical fertilizers.

The information contained in this book has been obtained from sources considered reliable by the publisher. However, in view of possible human or technical errors, the publisher cannot guarantee the absolute accuracy and completeness of the information provided and is not responsible for possible errors related to use.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

An irreplaceable book for any gardener!

A seasonal gardening calendar will help you to properly distribute your energy throughout the year in order to get a rich harvest. The book provides useful advice on preparing the soil for sowing, the timing of sowing and planting in closed and open ground, the selection of varieties and types of plants and their care. It is described in detail about feeding, fertilizing plants, harvesting and storing it. The chemical and pharmacological properties of individual parts of plants are considered, their role in the prevention and treatment of various diseases is revealed.

A large section is devoted to protecting the garden and vegetable garden from pests and diseases, the most effective ways to combat them are proposed. Recommendations were given to housewives on the preparation, storage and processing of vegetables, fruits and berries, their use in everyday life, cooking and cosmetology.

The book is illustrated with unique copyrights.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

Every gardener wants to know: what days are favorable for sowing and planting when it is best to fight pests what time is most effective for fertilizing what seeds to choose how to prepare fertilizers ...

The most pressing questions are answered by Galina Aleksandrovna Kizima, a professional gardener with 45 years of experience. The calendar is built taking into account astronomically verified lunar rhythms. But hope for the moon, and do not make a mistake yourself. Galina Aleksandrovna is sure: the main influence on the growth and development of plants is exerted by local weather conditions, soil readiness, high-quality planting material and, most importantly, your own mood. The mood is transferred to water, while water transfers positive or negative information to the cell sap of plants, influencing the growth and development of plants no less than the moon. So only sow and plant in a good mood. And be sure to tell your plants kind words of love and gratitude - this is the main secret of the big one.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

The calendar, addressed to amateur gardeners, lists by month the main work that needs to be done in the garden, in the garden, in the flower garden during the year. But the weather, as you know, the young lady is capricious, and for example, the onset of spring can be shifted two weeks earlier or later relative to the calendar date, so the timing of these works is indicated approximately. It is also important to take into account the difference in the timing of plant development in the south and north. So, the beginning of sap flow in plants in the south begins, on average, a month and a half earlier than in the north, so you should not literally follow the calendar, it is much more important to carefully monitor the condition of the plants in your area and, taking into account local weather conditions, timely carry out the recommended calendar.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

A unique organic farming calendar! Smart agricultural technologies allow you to grow an environmentally friendly crop using the latest pest control and modern fertilizers.

Every gardener wants to know: what days are favorable for sowing and planting when is it best to deal with pests what time is most effective for fertilizing what seeds to choose how to prepare fertilizers ... Galina Aleksandrovna Kizima, a professional gardener with 45 years of experience, answers the most pressing questions. The calendar is compiled taking into account astronomically verified lunar ones.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

• Every gardener wants to know:

• which days are favorable for sowing and planting,

• when is the best time to deal with pests,

• what time is most effective for feeding,

• how to prepare fertilizers ...

The most pressing questions are answered by Galina Aleksandrovna Kizima, a professional gardener with 45 years of experience. The calendar is built taking into account astronomically verified lunar rhythms. But hope for the moon, and do not make a mistake yourself. Galina Aleksandrovna is sure: the main influence on the growth and development of plants is exerted by local weather conditions, soil readiness, high-quality planting material and, most importantly, your own mood. The mood is transferred to water, while water transfers positive or negative information to the cell sap of plants, influencing the growth and development of plants no less than the moon. So only sow and plant in a good mood. And be sure to tell your plants kind words of love and gratitude - this is the main secret of the big one.

Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family

Every gardener wants to know:

- what days are favorable for sowing and planting

- when is the best time to deal with pests

- what time is most effective for feeding

- how to prepare fertilizers ...

The most pressing questions are answered by Galina Aleksandrovna Kizima, a professional gardener with 45 years of experience. The calendar is compiled taking into account astronomically verified lunar rhythms.

But hope for the moon, but don't do it yourself. What is the secret of a large harvest? It is necessary to take into account the weather conditions, soil properties, the quality of the planting material and ... your own mood. Your emotions are positive or negative information that is transmitted to water, that is, to the cell sap of plants.

Galina Aleksandrovna is sure: you can sow and plant if you are happy and happy. Do not forget to say kind words to your pets - and you will see that they know how to be.


How to grow garden strawberries at home

We are looking forward to the onset of May to feast on the most delicious, perhaps, berry - strawberries. It has already become customary for us to receive harvests from spring to late autumn, but sometimes we really want to taste the sweetness of our favorite berry on a cold winter day!


How to grow garden strawberries at home

Alternatively, you can, of course, purchase a pack of strawberries for the price of gold at the supermarket. But doubts that this berry will be useful are very large - the thought of the presence in it of chemistry that is completely unnecessary for our body leaves less doubt. I suggest another option: grow garden strawberries by the window and give yourself and your children a piece of summer in the middle of winter.


10 important things to do in the garden in August

1. Prune trees. If busyness or the weather in July made it difficult for you to prune your trees, it's not too late. Remove basal shoots and spinning tops on skeletal branches from pome and stone plants. If necessary, thin out the top of the tree crown by cutting off the vertical shoots.

2. Put things in order in the near-trunk circles. Heavy rains in July could provoke the growth of weeds, which now need to be removed by loosening the soil to a depth of 15 cm. In this case, you need to move from the trunks to the outer edge.

3. Conduct budding. Inoculate with the eye at the beginning of the month.For pome crops, one graft is enough for each tree, but for each of the stone fruit, prepare several grafts at once.

4. Prune the grapes. In the second or third decades of the month, the minting of healthy vines is traditionally carried out, removing the tops of all young shoots with 6-8 upper leaves. Depending on the height of the bush, you need to cut off from 20 to 40 cm. For the procedure, choose a cool day.

5. Protect your garden crops from infections. Inspect the catching belts and replace them periodically. Look into the bases of the main skeletal branches: this is where the gypsy moth butterfly often lays its eggs. Such an examination will help you get rid of the pest even at the stage of its inception. It's time to protect stone trees from scab. This must be done at least 20 days before harvesting.

6. Take care of berry bushes. After harvesting, loosen the soil under the gooseberries, raspberries and currants. To help the plants recover, feed them wood ash or phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Fruiting raspberry shoots should be cut off along with the root shoots. August this year promises to be rainy - so be careful when watering fruit bushes.

7. Harvest on time. Many varieties of pome and stone fruit trees in August already delight summer residents with fruits, and therefore do not forget to pick up ripe apples, pears, plums and cherry plums from the ground and remove from the branches in a timely manner. If tree branches bend under the weight of the crop, support them with wood or other materials.

8. Plant garden strawberries. This culture, known to all as strawberries, systematically needs transplanting and rejuvenation. The best time for planting it or transplanting it to a new place is August: if you plant it this month, it will have time to adapt before winter and will give a good harvest next year.

9. Prepare the planting holes. It takes about a month to prepare the holes for the autumn planting of trees, i.e. just in August. The size of each of them should be approximately 70 × 70, then the roots of the seedling will surely fit there. Fertile and completely rotted manure are added to the dug holes.

10. Propagate the currants. At the end of August, red and white currants are propagated by lignified cuttings or layering, "sent" for rooting at the beginning of spring. In late summer or early autumn, they are planted in a permanent place, and then watered regularly.


Top dressing

You need to feed strawberries 3 times a year: before flowering, after fruiting and in September before wintering.

To do this, you can use special complex fertilizers or, following the example of grandparents, take

10% mullein solution mixed with ash. Infused bird droppings will do as well.

August is not the time to rest

The main tasks in August are to protect the crop from diseases and pests. And also take care and prepare fruit and berry crops for winter.

On cabbage, the fight against cruciferous fleas and cabbage caterpillars does not cease, wireworms grind eggplants that have touched the ground, someone else gnaws the young skin of zucchini and squash. Well at least the onion and garlic were already pulled out in August and hung to dry.

Juicy garlic all year round

Garlic is irreplaceable for humans, especially in winter. It heals, warms and nourishes with vitamins. Therefore, you need to store it correctly so that it is at hand all winter.

The secret to storing garlic successfully consists of fulfilling several conditions. The most important thing is timely cleaning. Please note that garlic is available in spring and winter. Spring is harvested in the second half of August, and winter - at the end of July.

Phacelia - a panacea for the garden

Before sowing an empty garden bed with green manure, decide what plants you will grow on it next season. After all, the main culture and the predecessor-siderat should not be representatives of the same family.

There is a universal green manure - phacelia. The family to which it belongs is not related to any of the garden crops we grow. Therefore, phacelia is the best precursor for most plants.

Is green manure mustard good?

Green manure in the country is not just some kind of grass, but an excellent green fertilizer. They are grown for the purpose of improving the structure of the soil and enriching it with nutrients. In essence, green manures are effective organic fertilizers that grow in your garden beds.

These plants can be sown between the main crops, but most often they are sown when the crop has already been harvested and weeds are rapidly taking over the empty areas.

We fight mosquitoes with natural remedies

Summer is a great time for vacations and trips to the country. Even mosquito bites cannot ruin the long-awaited vacation and wonderful mood, but they can get bored.

Tomatoes are not tied?

What to do if you have only barren flowers on your tomato bushes, and all the familiar summer residents have tomatoes already poured? It is necessary to look for the reason, fortunately for gardeners, there are not so many of them.

Tomato is a large perennial bush that strives with all its might to increase the green mass. The plant does not even suspect that it has been allotted only six months in our beds. If you applied organic matter and mineral nitrogen fertilizers to the soil, then the tomato bush will actively grow. And at a time when the "suffocators" are tying far from the first brush, your handsome man, at best, will only bloom.

How to get rid of weeds?

Weeding is tedious and time consuming, but necessary. If you do not regularly pull out weeds in the beds, they will interfere with the development of useful crops, thereby reducing the yield at times. There are many ways to deal with aggressive plants, it remains to choose the one that suits you.

Saving cabbage

There are not so many pests in cabbage, but they are all very dangerous. Caterpillars, slugs, cruciferous flea beetles, etc. are considered appetizing young leaves. You can immediately run to the store for poison or try to fight pests using folk methods.

What do thuja suffer from?

Many gardeners who grow thuja on their plot are faced with such a problem as discoloration: it turns red or turns brown. The plant sheds needles, dries up and may even die as a result.

Overpowered the aphid?

Aphids inhabit any crops. Over the summer, this pest can cause tremendous damage to plants, and then to the crop. Through saliva, aphids can infect plants with viruses, which can lead to extensive damage. When aphid colonies become too large, leaves and young shoots dry up and die. There are many ways to combat aphids, but not all are effective and safe.

What are cucumbers missing?

For a variety of pickles, housewives choose the same, straight cucumbers. Smooth greens are easier to sort and transport. Sometimes cucumbers take on the shape of a pear, dumbbells, or crocheted. There may be several reasons for the curvature, today we will find out which ones.

Often, gardeners plant nearby bee-pollinated and parthenocarpic varieties that do not require pollination. As a result, there is a partial cross-pollination, crossing of species and hooked fruits are obtained. In order to prevent this, pay attention to the instructions, which are always on the bag with seeds.

What do tomatoes get sick from?

Growing tomatoes, from time to time, gardeners are faced with their diseases. There are many reasons: fungal or bacterial diseases, viruses, unfavorable weather conditions. If the plant is not treated, it may die or the yield will decrease significantly.

There are several common diseases, let's find out in more detail: how to recognize and how to treat them. Treatment should be carried out immediately, since the disease spreads very quickly and not only tomatoes, but all nightshade families can be affected.

Colorado potato beetle - the worst enemy of gardeners

To combat the Colorado potato beetle, different methods are used: chemicals, mechanical and folk remedies. In order to scare him away, coriander, marigolds, calendula, onions, etc. are planted between the beds and around the perimeter.

How to register ownership of residential and garden houses

On May 20, a direct line took place, during which an expert from the Rosreestr Office for the Samara Region answered questions from residents of the region about registering ownership of residential premises. Almost all the requests were related to the registration of houses on plots for gardening and individual housing construction.

Several ways to save plants from frost

It is believed that in late May and early June, frosts are no longer terrible. However, it is not. Return frosts are an eternal headache for summer residents. How many plants they destroyed, how many tears shed because of them - do not count. Sometimes temperatures drop so low that even greenhouse crops are threatened.

How to drive ants out of the area

Every summer resident faces the question of how to get rid of ants in the garden. This large family is extremely gluttonous and causes some inconvenience. But some consider these insects to be very useful, because in places where the ant family lives, the soil contains 10 times more phosphorus and 2 times more potassium, namely in a soluble form that is absorbed faster by plants. Also, ants eat caterpillars, spider mite larvae and other pests of the garden and vegetable garden.

How to arrange a flower bed near the entrance?

With the onset of spring, many lovers of living plants and flowers have a desire to grow something other than a ficus or cactus on the window. Not everyone has summer cottages where you can safely plant whatever you want. Fortunately, almost every apartment building has a plot of land that is suitable for decorating a flower bed. A blooming front garden near the house creates a special atmosphere and comfort.

How to plant potatoes correctly?

It seems that all gardeners and summer residents already know how to plant potatoes. But nevertheless, the experience from self-planting accumulates after each successful (or not so) digging. It takes a lot of time and effort to plant potatoes and therefore all summer residents want to harvest a harvest worthy of their labor.

Residents of the Samara region can go to the dacha only in a private car and with their family.

This was announced by the head of the regional department of Rospotrebnadzor Svetlana Arkhipova.
at a meeting of the operational headquarters on April 22.

Cooking potatoes for planting

Potatoes are the main crop grown by gardeners. Indeed, in fact, he is the second bread. It is important to plant the tubers on time to get a good harvest in the fall.

Protecting the garden from diseases and pests

Spring is the beginning of work in the garden. The people jokingly say: "If you do not have time in spring, you will not burst in winter." And there is.

Spring gardening is very important in the fight against pests, as well as fungal and bacterial diseases. To obtain a bountiful harvest from fruit trees and shrubs, regular inspection of the garden and spraying of crops is needed. If you skip or neglect the spring treatment, there are great risks of crop damage or that fruit trees and shrubs will not bear fruit in the current season.

We take care of seedlings

To grow seedlings of vegetables, you need not only to plant it, it is important to know a few simple nuances of care in order to get excellent germination and strong plants. Plants that are properly grown at home bring a rich harvest. In addition, it is simply interesting to care for the seedlings.

Vegetable garden on the window

Such a mini-vegetable garden is not only useful, but also beautiful, because what could be better than a home island of greenery and freshness? In addition, "balcony gardeners" have a big advantage over summer residents - vegetables grown on a window or balcony give a crop more than once a year!

For sowing seeds for seedlings, wooden or plastic boxes, containers, plastic cups, pots and in general any containers where you can pour soil are suitable. The containers must have holes at the bottom for water drainage.

A factory for growing oyster mushrooms was opened in Bogdanovka

In the village of Bogdanovka, Kinelsky district, a factory of OOO NPO-Biogrin, which grows oyster mushrooms, has started. The capacity of the new production is 7 tons of mushrooms and 15 tons of highly productive substrate per day.


How to feed raspberries in the summer for a high harvest

How to determine if raspberries need to be fed?

You can see it on the leaves. On fruiting shoots, the leaves are small, have a yellowish tint. Such leaves will not be able to convey and transfer nutrition to growing berries. Berries will not be able to build up a large mass.

Growing new shoots, on the other hand, grow vigorous and dark green in color. They are the first to intercept food from the roots.

1. Inspect the bush and decide which new young shoots should be removed. Usually, the weakest, the lowest ones are cut out, leaving the strong ones. It is on them that in the next summer season there will be a raspberry harvest.

2. Feed the raspberries on the leaves with a complex mineral fertilizer with a full set of macro- and microelements. You can use any instant: Zdraven, Berry, Fertika Lux, Solution, Crystalon and others. The plant takes foliar feeding on the leaves quickly and they are more effective.

3. It is also necessary to feed the raspberries at the root. With dry soil, you first need to spill it with plain water, then add a nutrient solution, doing this along the grooves around the crown of the bush. Most of all, raspberries love organic infusions of mullein, bird droppings, humus, nettle and herbs. Fertilizers diluted in water from the Bioud, Gumi-Omi, Biohumus, Ideal series have an oranges in their composition.

Organo-mineral dressings are effective. Two tablespoons of nitroammophoska with the addition of potassium humate will perfectly support the plants at this time. The infusion of wood ash, added to the top dressing, will have a significant effect on both a high yield, and on the size and sugar content of raspberries. Such summer dressing will benefit not only raspberries, but also currants, gooseberries.

During the period of filling and ripening of the crop, raspberries must be watered in dry weather.


Watch the video: Growing Taro Root Plant - Tips u0026 Harvest


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