Do you have decorative leaf begonia? Home care must be thought out! This amazing house plant, stunning with its beauty, patterns on the leaves, refreshing the air in the house is quite unpretentious, but it still requires due regard. In this article we will tell you about all the little things you need to know for this.
In order to understand exactly how to care for begonia, it will not be superfluous to find out in more detail what kind of flower it is. "Napoleon's ear", as the people call it, began to occupy the windowsills four centuries ago. The flower won its popularity by its unpretentiousness, simplicity of reproduction and, of course, beauty. Who would have known, but the plant got its name in honor of M. Begon, who was the governor of Haiti in those distant times. The hogweed begonia also belongs to the decorative subspecies. Caring for her at home is no different from caring for her more famous sister.
The flower won its popularity by its unpretentiousness, simplicity of reproduction and, of course, beauty
Do not count how many other relatives of the heroine of our article exist by this time, and they are divided into decorative flowering and decorative leafy ones. The latter got their name for the amazingly beautiful foliage. There is also a minus - the flowers of such begonias do not come out very well.
Video about decorative leaf begonia, part 1
Some might think that flowers originating from hot tropical places need an abundance of sunshine ... and they would be wrong. After all, flowers are not trees, they grow below, and do not receive much sunlight, unlike water. Just such are begonias - an excess of sunlight burns them, but they need moisture all the time. Therefore, they feel good in the summer on the southwestern or southern windowsill. When the apartment is heated in the winter, put wet towels on the radiators next to the begonias - this will make the air around it less dry. You can install tanks with warm water around the plants, but you can also get an air humidifier or decorative fountain, placing it next to it.
Begonia leaves love to be watered with moderately warm water.
Houseplants of our regions, including the hogweed begonia, know what a dry warm winter is on a windowsill. Take a look at the color of your green pet's leaves. The less green it has and the more bright colors, the more difficult it is to care for such a plant. For royal begonias, spraying with fresh water is quite enough, they especially love it in winter. However, many subspecies will feel better in the florarium, where all the conditions to which they are accustomed are respected. A film placed over the soil will also work to retain more moisture.
Begonia leaves love to be watered with moderately warm water. However, do not leave them in a draft or they will rot. They also do not like open sunlight - in this case, burns are inevitable.
Any houseplants require feeding. This did not bypass the heroes of our article. It is best to use filtered water when growing decorative leaf begonias. You can stand or boiled.
Of the fertilizers, those that contain nitrogen in excess are most suitable, since this element contributes to the most active growth of leaves. However, you should not overdose on fertilizers, this is detrimental to begonias.
It is best to use filtered water when growing decorative leaf begonias.
Periodically, you should carefully cut off the upper part with leaves in order to maintain a nice look for our begonias, since their shoots die from top to bottom. By the way, here we come to the topic of breeding decorative leaf begonias.
It is best to do this procedure in the spring, when the plant juices are most active. Many do otherwise - they begin to propagate the flower in the middle of winter. This is a plus - by the spring it will already have developed a root system. In this case, its growth will be especially fast in the spring.
Video about decorative leaf begonia, part 2
It is enough to follow the simplest rules of caring for decorative leaf begonia, and soon you will enjoy a charming plant on your windowsill. But, in addition, she also filters the air, being a kind of home doctor.
Bolivian begonia is a wonderful annual plant with orange-red flowers, ideal for large hanging baskets, containers, flower beds and can be grown as a houseplant. Young plants grow upright at first and then produce a large number of side shoots hanging from baskets. If it grows in a flowerbed, it has a lodging appearance.
There are about 15,000 hybrids of these popular plants. Most of them are grown as houseplants, mainly for their beautiful, often exotic colored foliage, others for their attractive, abundant and long lasting flowers.
For those species that bloom in winter, the best ambient temperature will be 13-21 degrees. However, in the case when the tubers of a flower in winter are in a state of complete dormancy, and its stems die off, the flower should be protected from frost.
The begonias have no particular preferences regarding air humidity. However, this plant still feels much better when it is tall.
This flower loves bright light, but it should be borne in mind that direct sunlight can harm it. In this regard, it should be absolutely protected from them. Those species that bloom in winter need a lot of light during the period when buds are formed and flowering begins.
Abundant watering is needed for this plant throughout the entire flowering period. And when it ends, watering is necessary only when necessary, but it is worth knowing that the drying out of the earthen coma should in no case be allowed.
It is necessary to gradually reduce the number of watering for those plants that are dormant in winter, but only after their leaves begin to turn yellow. Begonia must be watered correctly. The fact is that if you dry out an earthen lump or, on the contrary, flood the plant too much, this will have an extremely negative effect on its condition.
Feeding a flower with a weak solution of mineral or specialized fertilizer should be done during budding and flowering.
Tuberous begonias can be propagated using various methods. So, in springtime, you can try to grow a new flower from a cuttings, and also divide the tubers of an old plant. Well, there are also varieties that are grown from seeds. Those species that bloom in winter can be propagated by cuttings of leaves or tops of stems.
When transplanting this flower, it should be borne in mind that when watering, the water should not stagnate in the pot, therefore, very good drainage is needed. Experienced gardeners recommend pouring charcoal on top of the drainage layer - this will help to avoid decay. And then the pot is filled with soil. When planting, it should be borne in mind that the tuber should be located almost on the surface and be only slightly dusted with soil.
If you notice that the plant is affected by some kind of disease, then you must act immediately. First, a sick begonia should be removed away from healthy flowers in a well-ventilated room. And secondly, it must be treated with the necessary drug.
In the case when large-flowered tuberous begonia grows in a potted house, then small flowers (female), growing near large (male) ones, must be cut out. Faded flowers must also be removed. This can only be avoided if the begonia belongs to a variety with small flowers.
Decorative foliage begonia in home care is unpretentious. It must be watered, avoiding excessive drying out of the soil. At the same time, the plant does not need excessive dampness. In winter, watering should be done more moderately.
This plant does not tolerate spraying from a spray bottle at all. Even a slight ingress of water on the leaves during watering gives a change in their color.
Interesting! Top dressing is applied to the ground from March to November, it is better to take ready-made mixtures for begonias, today there are such compositions on sale.
It is quite simple to care for this plant: water, fertilize and keep away from direct sunlight. Transplant young plants once a year, older ones - once every couple of years, so that they grow better, and the soil does not deplete. If you take care and care of a flower, it will always delight you with beautiful lush leaves and a modest but charming flowering.
During the period of abundant flowering, it is advisable to tie a capricious southerner to a support, otherwise a thick fragile stem may break under the weight of numerous flowers. For feeding seedlings, sodium humate is used twice a month, and potassium-phosphorus fertilizers twice a month. An adult plant is fed with ordinary mineral fertilizers once a month. It is good to water begonia 2-3 times per season with manure solution (1:10). And in the fall, fertilizers are not used at all.
To ensure full growth and good flowering of the southerner, it is necessary to maintain uniform moisture and soil drainage. Begonia is watered early in the morning or late in the evening and always with warm water. With daytime watering, the delicate leaves of the plant can be easily burned. The "burnt" leaves, as a rule, fall off. And if you water it on a hot day, then it is quite possible to ruin the root system. So it's better not to carry out such experiments))
A capricious, beautiful begonia must be carefully looked after. But she does not remain in debt and pleases us with her magnificent flowering and aroma.
Non-flowering begonias allow you to choose different breeding methods to obtain new specimens, and, as a rule, rooting takes place quickly and without problems. But you need to start breeding deciduous begonias during the spring. The best breeding methods for deciduous begonias are:
Any method of grafting involves rooting for a month. When propagating by parts of a leaf, you need to wait not only for the formation of roots along the cut of the vein, but also for the appearance of strong plants, which, after growing, can be separated from the leaf.