Add colors to the garden: 7 plants with bright foliage of red and purple hues


Red-leaved plants look spectacular against the backdrop of green spaces: they allow you to create bright accents in the garden area. Many of these crops are unpretentious and do not require painstaking care.

Barberry

Barberry foliage can be green, yellow, purple. There are variegated, spotted or fringed leaves with a contrasting color. Shrubs are divided into evergreen, deciduous and semi-evergreen. The plant is unpretentious and resistant to drought. It grows well in any soil and is suitable for the formation of hedges.

Even a beginner can grow it. Care for all varieties is exactly the same.

As an ornamental culture, the most popular is the Thunberg barberry. It grows up to 1.5 m in height. It has graceful oblong leaves of rich green color on the front side and bluish on the back side, which acquire a dark red hue in the fall.

Heuchera

Delightful Heuchera is distinguished by a variety of shades and a variety of color combinations. It enjoys a well-deserved popularity among landscape designers. Compact shrubs have exquisite foliage that changes its color several times during one growing season.

Leaf plates can be corrugated, smooth and curly, with streaks, spots, patterns and specks.

An unassuming plant prefers bright, but diffused light and moisture-absorbing, breathable soil. It can also develop among stones. It blooms in June-August with small white, red, pink or cream bell-shaped flowers.

Decorative apple tree

A decorative apple tree is a real find for decorating a garden plot. In the spring, it blooms for two weeks, all summer pleases with colorful leaves, and in the fall and winter - with miniature apples that endure bad weather. The trees are unpretentious and take root well in any soil. They love well-lit areas, show all their decorative qualities in the sun.

The apple tree easily tolerates drought and frost.

Among the varieties, the most popular are Royalty, Royal Beauty, Scarlet. Royalty has reddish-brown leaves and burgundy fruits. Royal Beauty is distinguished by bronze-red foliage and purple apples. Scarlet leaves change color according to the season: in spring they are reddish-brown, in summer they are emerald, in autumn the seamy side of the leaf turns crimson. The fruits of this variety are purple.

Kislitsa

Oxalis (oxalis) is a highly decorative and undemanding plant in care. Has purple, green or burgundy foliage. It blooms from late spring until the first frost with small flowers of pink, yellow or lilac.

Prefers bright, diffused light. In the evening and on the eve of bad weather, flowers and leaves are closed.

Tall varieties are suitable for decorating alpine slides, miniature ones are grown as a curb or on a lawn (they are able to form an exquisite carpet from original leaves and small flowers).

Scumpia "Royal Purple"

Luxurious scumpia is an ornamental culture that adorns the garden from spring to winter. During the growing season, it changes the color of the foliage from burgundy in spring to black with a reddish tint in summer.

In autumn, the color of the foliage varies from ocher to red. Blooms in May-June with small pinkish flowers, collected in large panicles.

Skumpia loves sunny areas. In the shade, it blooms poorly and loses the original color of the leaves. Prefers loose, drained sandy loam and loamy soil. It grows up to 2 m per year, therefore it requires regular pruning. Suitable for growing by beginners.

Common hazel

Hazel flowers bloom in April, before the leaves open. The culture prefers moderately lit areas, protected from drafts, with light and loose soil. Needs systematic removal of root growth.

One of the popular ornamental species of hazel is red-leaved hazel.

The variety has a dense crown with dark purple leaves, which turn green by the beginning of autumn, and maroon buds and catkins. Loves fertile soil. It takes root and grows well. Hazel bushes are used in hedging and for edging tall trees.

Bubble

The unassuming vesicle retains its spectacular appearance throughout the growing season. It is grown as a tapeworm and in group plantings, used as a hedge.

The shrub blooms with simple white flowers with many stamens.

Its luxurious spherical crown is formed from drooping branches. The fruit of the plant is also impressive in its appearance: it is a bloated leaflet that turns red when ripe.

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Vibrant plants that transform an autumn garden into a kingdom of gold and copper

Throughout the year, nature constantly changes its appearance and shimmers in different shades of all colors of the rainbow. In October, she appears in one of her most regal images - she is dressed in an outfit of precious gold and copper. Blazing with bright colors Autumn with its magic wand touches every plant, turning it into a real masterpiece. Magnificent, but not arrogant, exciting and at the same time pacifying - the garden, iridescent with all shades of precious metals, looks stunning.


Skumpia leather (Cotinus coggygria) 'Golden Spirit' and in the autumn bright Chinese miscanthus is very suitable for an unusual garden sculpture


Where to plant fruit trees and shrubs

For the most saturated picture, plants with yellow-crimson leaves and multi-colored berries should be planted in groups on the border of the site or individual zones of the garden. To enhance the contrast for a catchy group, it is advisable to choose a calm green background, for example, a hedge made of berry yew or holly, which, with their bright fruits, also contribute to the color of the autumn garden.

If there is simply nowhere to roam, you can get by with one handsome fruit man, but at the same time choose a worthy place for him in the garden - in the middle of the lawn or against the background of an evergreen hedge.

Photo: archive of the magazine "Mein schöner Garten"


What you need to know about plant life in a mini bottle garden and its arrangement

A mini-bottle garden is a microcosm enclosed in a vessel made of colorless transparent glass with a narrow neck and consisting of vegetating miniature plants. The container can be of different volume and shape: wine or cognac bottle, damask, bottle or mercuric chloride, decanter, flask, retort, jar - the choice depends on your imagination. The main thing is that it has the ability to create an eco-environment that meets the requirements for the survival of tropical exotic species.

Under the influence of sunlight, the cycle of carbon dioxide and oxygen, which is necessary for photosynthesis and respiration of plants, also occurs.

With a correctly calculated planting, balanced lighting and proper care - cleaning, cutting, timely airing, the plants inside such containers feel good, but they develop very slowly, preserving the beauty of the composition for a long time. All this together supports the normal life of the green inhabitants of the bottle garden, allowing them to do without watering for weeks or even years.

Stick to 5 basic rules:

  1. First, drainage is placed on the bottom of the bottle. Its 1st layer (3-6 cm) must necessarily consist of gravel, expanded clay, pebbles, perlite, vermiculite (optional). The 2nd layer is made of charcoal, which plays the role of an adsorbent. The third layer is a substrate (soil proper) composed of high moor peat with a fine inert cultivator such as perlite or river sand in a 1: 1 ratio. Drainage is necessary so that the soil is not oversaturated with moisture - its excess can lead to root rot and death of plants. All elements used for drainage, as well as other materials used to create a mini-landscape, should be thoroughly rinsed with clean, and in some cases, hot water before use.
  2. The correct choice of plants is equally important. They must have natural dwarfism, be slow-growing, adapted for life in the florarium environment, and correspond to each other in terms of growing conditions.
  3. The mini bottle garden should not be placed in direct sunlight or incandescent lamps, as curved glass can act as a lens. The luminous flux, focused to one point, can cause burns on the leaves, so it must be diffused using a screen made of white paper or lightweight fabric, such as tulle.
  4. Do not add fertilizer to the potting mix! Otherwise, this will lead to the fact that the plants will begin to grow rapidly and will soon fill the entire inner space of the bottle, nullifying the composition of the garden, and the leaves, in contact with the walls of the vessel, will begin to rot.
  5. Remember that plants that require a moist environment do best in a fully closed or partially closed container that has moisture constantly inside. And for those who need dry conditions, it is best to live in open vessels where air circulates and the humidity is low. If you intend to create a mini desert-style garden in a bottle, be sure to add sand to the potting mix and extra gravel to the drainage level to drain off excess water.


Evergreens for the garden

Evergreens are the basis for landscaping any garden, which appears in all its splendor in winter. Against the background of deserted ridges and flower beds that have thrown off the colorful decoration of trees and shrubs, only crops with winter-green needles or leaves continue to fill the garden with attractive ensembles, creating the most interesting combinations and compositions. Contrary to popular belief, evergreens are not at all monotonous and gloomy. Their palette is far from being limited to a dark green color, allowing you to choose the most amazing color variations, thanks to which you can create complete and vivid images.

Evergreen shrubs and trees, including the majority of conifers, can diversify even the most exquisite range of the garden, because almost every species has special varieties with unusual colors that can be used for contrasting combinations and creating interesting optical effects. In addition to plants with a silvery, blue, yellow, golden crown, in the assortment of winter-green plants, you can find many decorative deciduous crops with amazing glossy leaves decorated with borders or patterns in a contrasting white or yellowish-cream color.

To find representatives of evergreens that are unusual in color, it is not at all necessary to memorize the complex names of varieties for each individual species and write long lists of suitable species. As a rule, the name itself or one of the words in it indicates the nature of the color. So, for example, if you find "Gold" next to the name of a plant, this means that we are talking about yellow-colored varieties. If the name contains "Aurea" (Aurea) - it is a light variety with a yellow crown. All blue varieties are characterized by the prefix "Glauca", and for the variegated, combining white or silver with green in various spots and patterns - "Maculata" or "Variegata" (Maculata, Variegata).

Of the evergreens with leaves decorated with a bright border, the absolute favorites are the oak tree, euonymus and other winter-green trees. Forchuna's creeping euonymus (for example, the Silver Queen or Gracilis varieties) will decorate the garden with light leaves as a ground cover, and the taller holly will happily settle in the dark corners of the garden. Ivy can be used as a climbing culture to decorate pergolas, trellises, trunks of old trees with an unusual color (as well as such a variety of euonymus as "Variegatus"). Dwarf blue spruce, prickly spruce varieties "Montgomery", yellow cypress in pyramidal or columnar form, as well as weeping pea cypress "Filifera Sangold" will fit even into small gardens. Dwarf mountain pine, horizontal juniper of blue varieties “Douglas” or “Glauka”, common juniper of “Compressa” variety, rocky juniper of “Blue Pyramid” variety, Forest pine also of “Gold Coin” variety will be happy to accompany the classically colored plants. The role of the soloist is always claimed by the privet variety "Aureum" with a yellowish color, hybrid sucker, folded thuja, oriental thuja, barberries. New colors of periwinkle, funkii, blue and gray fescue can be easily added to the palette of multi-colored evergreens.

Multi-colored evergreens in landscaping can be used in virtually any role and in any company. Let's consider the possibilities of application in ornamental gardening in more detail.

They are planted in the foreground of groups of deciduous trees and shrubs to create a permanent compositional base that will keep the groups attractive in the colder months. In summer they simply merge into the general chorus of colors, creating contrasts with flowering shrubs and unusual leaves or bright fruits of other cultures, but in winter they save the whole composition against the background of bare branches.

Plants with a light color - silvery, white and yellow leaves or lush needles can be used to create a glow effect in dark corners of the garden, which will liven up too gloomy green scenes and ensembles.

Multi-colored evergreen trees and shrubs are good not only in group plantings, but also in a solo part. True, for the role of a bright single accent in the middle of a lawn, a meadow with ground covers, a heather garden or a flower garden, it is better to use plants with an unusual form of development - weeping, standard, columnar, arrow-shaped or tiered through crown.

If the variety is winter hardy enough, then unusual colors of conifers can be added to the collection of tub crops.

Plants with colorful or variegated foliage and needles are often much more capricious than similar crops with a classic color. A yellow or golden color will fully manifest itself in plants only in partial shade, because in deep shade the plants turn green, and in the bright sun they burn and turn brown. In particular, all light colored conifers should be planted in an area protected from drafts. It is better to plant bright-leaved crops in spring or autumn, in winter they must be protected from the bright sun and frost cracks. Plants with colorful needles usually do not tolerate dry periods. They need to be given increased attention, promptly removing dried shoots, maintaining shape for topiary crops and trimming hedges.


We decorate the garden with cereal plants

We continue to choose ornamental grasses and herbs for the flower bed - and now we will discuss in more detail the features of some cereal plants. Perennial ornamental grasses that are suitable for gardening come in a variety of sizes. Therefore, you need to think about how best to combine them.

Among tall ornamental grasses and grasses in landscape design, the species canary reed (filaris) is popular. Its maximum height can be about one and a half meters. Such a plant tolerates rainfall, wind and other weather features. But the canary plant is an aggressive variety, so it is important to keep it away from other green spaces.

Due to creeping rhizomes, it can grow even in dry areas devoid of fertile properties.But the most preferable for this plant is a humid environment of a lit or semi-shaded area. The flowering period is the beginning of spring.

In a flower bed of cereals, you can plant a tall hairy feather grass up to 80 centimeters high. The best place for such a plant is under the sun, which has soil without stagnant moisture. The leaves of such a plant have a green-blue tint, and the inflorescences have a white tone.

Cereals in the garden, photo

The next version of a tall cereal plant for the garden is the sharp-flowered reed grass. It can grow in different conditions, but in winter such a plant should be covered with something. Such a cereal can grow even on clayey heavy soil, which cannot be said about other varieties of cereal plants. Differs in early and fast flowering, forms bumps in the garden and can be used to complement other plants, such as asters or daylilies.

Ornamental cereal plants: photos and names

If you want to plant medium-sized cereals, you can choose a helicotrichon up to 50 centimeters high. After growth, such a plant will look like a round bump. Grows in sunny and dry conditions. Sensitive to excessive moisture. It can be damaged during transplantation. It is usually combined with needles or barberries with yellow leaves. A meadow or sandy spike will also suit you.

Low-growing fescue will add beauty to the garden. For example, a gray ornamental grass, oatmeal, is planted near stones. It looks like a round bush of 30 centimeters in height. For normal growth of this variety, you need enough sun and not too much moisture in the soil.

Among the undersized plants of the cereal type, we recommend paying attention to such varieties as maned barley (see photo below), gray keleria and blue sesleria.

Ornamental cereals: photo in the garden

Now you already know more about ornamental plants, herbs and grasses for the garden, so you can start planning its appearance.

If you take into account not only the harmony of the design, but also the subtleties of flowering and the aggressiveness of these plants, you will get an excellent green corner where you can enjoy the beauty of nature.


Watch the video: Red and Purple Foliage


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