We all know that pumpkin, both raw and processed, is very beneficial to health, which is why most gardeners plant this low-maintenance crop in their fields. Planting a pumpkin does not cause any particular difficulties, but in order for it to grow healthy and bear fruit well, you need to adhere to some simple rules for growing and caring.
There are two ways to grow a beautiful pumpkin - sowing directly into open ground or planting seedlings. Everyone chooses the method that best suits their climatic conditions and personal preferences.
Different types of pumpkin seeds differ, but regardless of the variety, our primary task is to select large seeds for planting from smaller ones. Sowing the same type of seeds, the seedlings are quite uniform.
In late April or early May, you can plant seedlings. The best option for growing zucchini seedlings is clay pots about 15 cm in diameter. They are only half filled with soil. The most suitable temperature: + 25– + 30 ° C during the day, + 18– + 20 ° C at night. In case of insufficient lighting, the marrow plantings are additionally illuminated with fluorescent lamps.
Very soon, the first shoots appear, which at first stretch strongly upward, forming a long stem. After 10-12 days, the growth rate will decline. During this period, it is necessary to ring the seedlings - add earth to the container and very carefully twist the stem with a corkscrew. Only cotyledon leaves should look out of the ground.
Seedlings require additional care - during the period of formation of high-quality sprouts, they are fed twice with fertilizers. Each plant needs about 0.3 l of a solution consisting of potassium salt (15 g), superphosphate (20 g), ammonium nitrate (15 g), mullein (0.8-1 l). Be sure to make sure that the plants do not touch each other, constantly push the containers apart. Zucchini are ready for planting on the ground after 3-5 true leaves appear (25-30 days after sowing).
To grow pumpkins, you need to choose well-lit areas that warm up well (preferably the south side). For zucchini, medium and light loamy neutral, sandy loam soils, well filled with organic matter, are ideal.
After harvesting the previous crops, the soil should be dug to a depth of about 30 cm, and also applied approximately 7 kg per 1 m2 manure or rotted compost. If the soil is poor, in addition to the specified fertilizers, ash (two glasses) and superphosphate (50 g) must be added to each well. All fertilizers must mix well with the soil.
The process of growing this beautiful crop depends on the method of planting - seedlings or seeds in the ground. Transplanting. In early June, marrow seedlings are planted in the garden. The distance between the plants is 1.5 m, and between the rows - 2 m. Immediately before planting the plants, each hole should be well watered. A deepening should be made around the zucchini and watered, then mulched with peat or dry humus.
Young shoots must be protected from possible frost, so they are covered with foil, wooden boxes, paper or plastic bottle caps. Pumpkin seeds are planted in mid-May, when the soil is warmed up to + 13 ° C. Seeds are planted at a depth of about 6 cm in medium loamy soil; 8-10 cm in lighter soil.
The preparation of the holes is no different from the preparation for the seedling method. You can speed up the germination of zucchini in the open field by covering the crops with foil. After the emergence of shoots, it is removed. When two true leaves are formed on the seedlings, the plantings must be thinned out - only 1–2 of the largest plants remain.
In order for zucchini to grow well and give a decent harvest, you need good care. In particular, weekly feeding of plants - organic and mineral fertilizers should be alternated. The irrigation regime is also extremely important - it should be watered with warm water (+ 18– + 25 ° С). The pumpkin tolerates drought quite well, so you shouldn't flood it, especially during the flowering period. You need to water it at the root, trying not to hurt the leaves.
In zucchini, the leaves grow much faster than the fruits themselves. Therefore, as it grows, special care should be taken - carefully remove the leaves that cover the fruit. If the summer is cool, you need to help form high-quality fruits - cut off excess shoots (the optimal amount is 3 pieces), and pinch the central stem, leaving from 3 to 5 ovaries, 15-17 cm each. To get larger zucchini, you should leave only 1-3 ovaries ...
Also, do not forget about hilling and weeding the pumpkin beds after watering or rain. It is possible to loosen the beds with plantings until the plants close into solid rows. Harvesting takes place after the first frost. Ripe zucchini is considered after hardening of the skin - the bark is not pressed through by the nail. You need to store the resulting crop in a dry place at a low temperature - from +4 to +8 ° C. Today, there are already varieties that are well preserved at home under relatively high temperature conditions.
In the video, you will learn how to properly plant pumpkin seedlings in open ground. The video contains the most useful tips and tricks.
The herbaceous annual pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) is a member of the Pumpkin genus of the Pumpkin family. This plant is considered a melon crop, it comes from Mexico. The pumpkin has been growing in the Oaxaca Valley for at least 8 thousand years. Already before the advent of our era, such a plant spread in North America in the valleys of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Such a culture was brought to Europe by sailors from Spain in the 16th century, since that time it has been widely cultivated both in Asia and in the Old World. India, China and Russia hold the record for the cultivation of such a crop.
Such a delicious vegetable is very useful, its pulp contains a large amount of useful substances necessary for the human body, and it also contains the rarest vitamin T. The vegetable also contains pumpkin seeds, which include oil that has an anti-inflammatory and regenerating effect, as well as it does not cause allergic reactions.
Table pumpkin Premiere
Cold-hardy crop with a sprawling long lash and sweet-tasting large fruits hanging over mature up to 6 kg. The culture is unpretentious to the type of soil, its fertility.
Pumpkin grade Dachnaya
Culture with an early ripening period (75-85 days). The vegetable is characterized by a sweetish taste with hints of vanilla. Ripe pumpkin weighs 3-4 kg. Duration of storage of fruits is more than 4 months.
Pumpkin Russian woman
The plant is resistant to garden diseases and frost. The pulp is juicy and sugar, for which it is appreciated by culinary experts. The mass of the Russian pumpkin exceeds 2.7 kg. The ripening period of the crop is 110-130 days. The ripe fruit is orange.
Pumpkin nutmeg pearl
Butternut squash ripens in 100 days the weight of the pumpkins is about 5-7 kg. The taste is full-bodied with a nutmeg note. The plant is cold-resistant, tolerates drought and heavy rainfall, has a strong immunity.
Pumpkin variety Freckle
Plant with vegetation days. The pulp is very juicy and sweet, tastes like a melon. Even after heat treatment, it retains a crispy texture. Pumpkin weight does not exceed 3 kg.
Shrub variety. The culture easily tolerates temperature extremes and withstands frost, shows resistance to a humid environment. The variety has excellent taste and long shelf life (up to the next season). The duration of the growing season is 90-110 days, fruit weight - 2.1-3 kg.
During the period of growth and development of the pumpkin, a huge number of shoots are formed, which take up a lot of moisture and nutrients. And the fruits that are formed on them are tasteless and small in size. That is why the formation of the plant is carried out.
After the formation of extra shoots, they are removed, and the extra ovaries are also cut off, leaving no more than three on each lash.
Balcony decorative pumpkins are of two types:
Plants with a long stem may well form a green wall on the loggia of bright green leaves, large yellow flowers. Over time, pumpkins of various sizes, colors and shapes will appear. But this type requires a lot of soil. Therefore, it is best to grow such pumpkins on spacious balconies.
If the purpose of growing is to decorate the balcony, then small-fruited decorative pumpkin varieties are best suited.
The fruits of almost all varieties of ornamental pumpkin are not suitable for food. The exception is the turbid varieties, the Baby Boo variety.
These pumpkins are edible only when unripe. When ripe, they lose their nutritional and gustatory value. The fruits do not become poisonous, but acquire a specific taste, the pulp becomes hard, and its juiciness is lost.
Pumpkins with a short stem (up to 1 m) and bush varieties are very compact. The stems grow upward, providing aeration of the soil, which avoids rotting of the fruit. They form and grow in the root zone, compactly.
When choosing seeds for planting container pumpkin, preference is given to varieties with a hard peel - they ripen faster, keep longer and taste sweeter.
To grow one plant, you need a tub with a volume of at least 50 liters. The container is filled by 1/3 with a drainage material of a coarse fraction (expanded clay, small pebbles, birch coal) - stagnant water will adversely affect the plant.
The pot in which the balcony pumpkin grows is placed on a well-lit windowsill. As the vines grow, the pot can be placed on the floor. The main thing is that the green part of the plant and the fruits should be well lit by the sun.
For some, growing pumpkins on the balcony is an empty exercise that only entails unnecessary expenses. Others get a harvest, albeit a small one, and with it - positive emotions, a charge of inspiration for new achievements.
Astilba Deutschland is a perennial herb that forms a sprawling bush 50-60 cm high with a good ability to grow in breadth. The flowers are small, with a pleasant aroma, pure white in dense, fluffy, compact rhombic inflorescences up to 30 cm long. Leaves are dark green, glossy, on reddish petioles. Early-medium flowering period: blooms in June-July for 2-3 weeks.
Astilba America is a shade-tolerant perennial with numerous erect shoots forming a dense crown. Plant height up to 70 cm. It blooms in early-mid July for 20 days. Pink-lilac paniculate inflorescences have a light aroma. Looks spectacular in single plantings and mixborders.
Astilba Diamant is a plant up to 70 cm tall. The leaves are large, light green, without shine, the edges of the leaves are brown. The flowers are white, in a wide-paniculate inflorescence of medium density, up to 35 cm long and 14-20 cm in diameter. Blooms in early July. Duration of flowering is 25-30 days. Recommended for single and group plantings, cutting.
Delicate pink Astilba Teresa will attract summer colors and a pleasant aroma to your flower garden. This plant is best planted in areas with good light, but areas with light shade are ideal in hot climates. The variety is resistant to frost and disease, undemanding to soil. This variety can be grown for universal gardening - in flower beds, in mixed flower beds. The flowers are collected in fluffy pyramidal inflorescences, creamy pink, with a pleasant aroma. Leaves are dark green, shiny, in spring with a bronze tint. Blooms from late July 15-20 days.
The pumpkin is afraid of frost, but they still try to harvest after the first light frosts, which kill only the leaves. This is a rather risky approach, but in a short summer, gardeners try to take the time so that the pumpkins ripen better. Finding out if a pumpkin is ripe is easier than dealing with a watermelon. So, for large-fruited and nutmeg pumpkin, a sign of ripening is the finally formed pattern of the fruit, and for the hard-bore, the drying of the stalk.
Unfortunately, in the conditions of the Moscow region, it is often necessary to remove pumpkins from the garden in a not quite ripe state. There is no big trouble in this, the pulp reaches during storage, in contrast to the seeds. But when removing such pumpkins, in no case should their peel be damaged and in general should be handled extremely carefully. The pumpkins are cut with a pruner, leaving the stalk on the fruit, after which they are sorted and sent for storage or for immediate processing.
Pumpkins must be removed with stalks: without them they will not lie for a long time
Fully ripe and undamaged fruits, if possible, ripen in a warm place for 2-3 weeks, until the stalk finally wilts.Pumpkins are best stored in rooms with a temperature of 4–6 ° C at a relative humidity of 60–70%, where many varieties lie until the new harvest. Most varieties lie perfectly in the apartment, but the shelf life is limited to several months: soon after the New Year, the seeds begin to sprout into the pulp, and in the presence of the slightest damage, the pumpkin rot. In addition, when stored warm, the fruits dry out to a large extent.
When storing large quantities of pumpkins, special racks are equipped on which straw is laid out, and on top - pumpkins in one row and stalks upward, making sure that neighboring fruits do not touch. At the same time, forced ventilation is also equipped. Ordinary summer residents, having grown a dozen pumpkins, especially without hesitation, carry them home and place them in the storerooms or just under the bed. It is desirable that the chosen place is dark, this prolongs the shelf life of the crop.
To be honest, the author of these lines, who has been growing pumpkins for almost forty years, and mainly of nutmeg varieties, keeps them on cabinets, but it's warm there, under the ceiling. Nothing, lie until spring, do not deteriorate. The main thing is that they are initially healthy. By the way, I don't use mineral fertilizers ...
It is not difficult to grow a pumpkin in the suburbs, the climate is quite suitable for most early-ripening and mid-ripening varieties. Planting is possible both with seeds and with pre-prepared seedlings. True, pumpkin takes up a lot of space in the garden, so the owners of the smallest plots do not always plant this crop, preferring other vegetables. But true lovers will always find a place and opportunity to get a healthy crop.