Shepherd's bag (lat.Capsella), or handbag - a genus of herbaceous plants of the Cabbage family. The scientific name capsella is translated from Latin as “casket, box” and describes the shape of the fruit of the representatives of the genus. The plant shepherd's purse, or shepherd's handbag (lat.Capsella bursa-pastoris) is a medicinal plant, the most common species of the genus in culture. It is a cosmopolitan plant native to the tropical and temperate regions of the world. The specific epithet bursa-pastoris literally means "shepherd's bag".
The place of origin of the species has not yet been determined. Shepherd's purse grows like a weed on embankments, along roads, ditches, in fields and gardens. The herb of shepherd's purse is a medicinal raw material and is widely used in both folk and official medicine.
Read more about growing a shepherd's purse below.
Grass shepherd's purse - an annual 20 to 60 cm high with a fusiform thin root. The stem of the plant is erect, single, simple or branched, usually glabrous, but sometimes pubescent in the lower part with simple and branched hairs. Petiolate, pinnatipartite, with entire, sharp triangular or toothed lobes, the basal leaves of the plant are collected in a rosette. The upper leaves with an arrow-shaped base are almost linear. The white flowers of the plant are collected in an umbellate elongating raceme. The fruit of the shepherd's purse is a pod with seeds, reaching both in length and in width from 5 to 8 mm. Shepherd's purse blooms from April to August, and the fruits ripen from May to September.
Flower shepherd's bag it is so widespread that it does not require special cultivation, but if you want to use it for food all the time, then try to collect the seeds of the plant during the summer. They sow a shepherd's bag in early spring: the plant has a rather long growing season, and with summer sowing, the plant will have time to give flower stalks this year, but will not form rosettes. When sowing in autumn, seedlings will appear next spring.
As soon as the snow melts, find a sunny or semi-shady area in the garden with moist and nutritious soil and prepare it for planting as you prepare the soil for mustard or cabbage. The seeds of the shepherd's handbag are mixed with sand in a ratio of 1: 5 and sown on the surface of the plot in even rows spaced from each other at a distance of 20-25 cm. From above, the crops are only slightly sprinkled with earth. The first shoots may appear in 5-10 days.
Water the shepherd's bag only in prolonged drought. The plant does not require loosening of the soil in the aisles, and the shepherd's handbag is fed once a season with complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants, although this is not necessary. From time to time, it will be necessary to remove large weeds from the site that block the plant from the sun. Shepherd's purse is resistant to diseases and pests of cabbage crops, but it can suffer from cruciferous fleas and powdery mildew. Dusting a shepherd's handbag with ash can save you from a flea, and it is better to deal with powdery mildew with folk remedies (mullein, ash infusion, soda ash solution) or biofungicides (Fitosporin-M, Alirin-B, Gamair, Planriz or Pseudobacterin-2).
Collect the shepherd's handbag during flowering twice a season: in early spring, when overwintered and flowering shoots appear from under the snow, and in autumn, at the beginning of September. Do not pick plants that are wet from rain or dew. The bush is removed from the ground, the rhizome is cut off as close to the outlet as possible and the ground part is immediately placed to dry in a dark, dry place with good ventilation. Lay out the raw materials in a thin layer, spreading paper under it. The room temperature should not be higher than 45 ºC. Before drying, carefully inspect the collected raw materials and reject specimens affected by disease or pests.
A well-dried herb should be brittle, greenish in color, with a faint odor and a bitter taste. The herb is stored in a shepherd's purse in cardboard boxes, paper bags or in cloth bags in a dry, cool place for 2-3 years.
The medicinal raw material is the ground part of the plant: green fruits, stems, flowers. The raw materials include tannins, proteins, carbohydrates, saponins, choline and acetylcholine, vitamins (ascorbic acid, thiamine, carotene, riboflavin, phylloquinone), organic acids (tartaric, malic, citric and fumaric), fatty and allyl mustard oils.
In traditional and folk medicine, shepherd's purse is known primarily for its hemostatic effect. It is used for pulmonary bleeding and various kinds of injuries. Shepherd's purse in gynecology It is used to stop uterine bleeding after abortion and childbirth, with uterine fibroids, to delay ovulation, and even as a contraceptive. The herb of shepherd's purse is included in the blood-purifying herbal preparations used for cystitis, urolithiasis, pyelonephritis to neutralize and remove toxins accumulated in the body due to medication.
Shepherd's purse also has a wound healing, vasodilator, astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anti-febrile effect. Shepherd's purse tea is prescribed to regulate blood pressure in case of a weak heart, especially in the elderly.
Shepherd's purse infusion is effective for digestive tract problems, in particular for dysentery, liver diseases, gastritis, stomach and duodenal ulcers. It is used as a choleretic for vomiting, cholelithiasis and cholecystitis, and its diuretics are useful for gout, urinary incontinence and rheumatism.
Fresh juice from the leaves of the plant is taken orally in 40-50 drops for diarrhea and rheumatism, and for bleeding, the juice drips into the nose. A decoction of shepherd's purse is used externally for lotions and compresses for bruises, ulcers, tumors and cuts. Tincture of shepherd's purse used in folk medicine to stop pulmonary, gastric and intestinal bleeding, prolonged menstruation and to strengthen the reproductive organs.
Infusion: Pour 10 g of dry grass with a glass of boiling water, close, leave for half an hour, strain through 2-3 layers of gauze and take with internal bleeding 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day half an hour before meals. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks.
Tea: Pour 2 teaspoons of the herb with a quarter cup of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, strain and drink 2 cups a day. It is better to take purified or thawed water for tea.
Broth: Pour 2 tablespoons of herbs with a glass of boiling water, boil for a minute, remove from heat, cover, leave for half an hour, strain and use for lotions and compresses.
Fresh leaves of a young shepherd's purse are very rich in vitamins, so they can be used for salads, borscht, soups and as a filling for pies and pies.
It is categorically impossible to use shepherd's purse preparations during pregnancy, hemorrhoids, thrombophlebitis, varicose veins and increased blood clotting.
Sections: Garden plants Herbaceous Cruciferous (Cabbage, Cabbage) Annuals Medicinal Weeds on P
This plant was named due to the obvious similarity of inflorescences with bags, which shepherds loved to use back in the 18th century. Shepherd's purse is found almost everywhere, especially since the plant itself is quite resistant to various climatic changes and other factors. Abundant inflorescences contribute to the early spread and increase in the number of shoots. Flowers can be found along numerous roadsides, meadows, thickets and vegetable gardens. They easily adapt to the environment, so they can exist where others are not able to survive.
For medicinal purposes, stems, green pods, and grass are used. Prepare a shepherd's bag in dry the weather. The grass must be completely dry from dew. Collect it during flowering, at the beginning of the appearance of the lower fruits, cutting off the grass with a knife or pruning shears or pulling it out from the root together with the root rosette of leaves. Then the roots are cut off and discarded. It is impossible to collect the shepherd's bag during the period of full fruiting, with unfolding ripe fruits, as well as those affected by fungi.
After harvesting, the raw materials are immediately dried under awnings or in attics, spreading the grass in a thin layer. In dryers, raw materials are dried at temperatures up to 45 ° C. Well-dried herb of shepherd's purse consists of leafy stems up to 40 cm long, flowers and, possibly, with unripe fruits. All raw materials should be greenish in color. A sign of well-dried stems is fragility. The smell of raw materials is weak, the taste is bitter. Store dried raw materials in paper bags, cardboard boxes, fabric bags in a cool dry place for 2-3 years.
Annual plant 20-60 cm high with a thin fusiform root.
The whole plant is green, usually glabrous or slightly hairy, especially in the lower part . The hairs are simple and branched .
The stem is single, erect, simple or branched.
Basal leaves on petioles, pinnately divided with sharp triangular, entire or toothed lobes, stringy-notched or whole, collected in a socket. Stem leaves are alternate, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, entire or notched-toothed, with ears, the upper leaves are almost linear, with a sagittal base.
The flowers are regular, four-membered, collected in a raceme, at first umbellate, then lengthening. Sepals 0.25 cm long, petals up to 0.35 cm long, obovate, white.
The fruit is a pod 5-8 mm long and wide, laterally compressed perpendicular to the septum , inverse triangular-cordate, with an apical notch about 0.5 mm deep , with prominent angles at the apex . Fruit valves are scaphoid, thin-walled, with a network of veins, the remainder of the column at the fruit is short nests with many small yellow-brown seeds . Seeds are oval, flattened, 1–2.5 mm long, 0.5–0.75 mm wide . Seed productivity is high - one individual can give up to 70 thousand seeds , according to other sources, up to 40 thousand .
Blooms in April - August. The fruits ripen in May - September. Seeds germinate at different times; winter and spring forms are distinguished .
The number of chromosomes is 2n = 16, 32 .
Shepherd's purse herb in the form of infusion and liquid extract is used for uterine atony and uterine bleeding.
It increases the tone of the muscles of the uterus and constricts the peripheral vessels.
The herb is also used to lower blood pressure, herbal preparations improve the functions of the intestines, liver, and regulate metabolism. The fresh herb of the plant is more effective.
• Infusion of herb shepherd's purse: pour 200 ml of chilled boiled water 15 g of grass, leave for 8 hours, drain. Take 2 tbsp. l. 3-4 times a day for hypertension, colitis, bleeding uterine, pulmonary, renal wash bleeding wounds, ulcers.
• Infusion of herb shepherd's purse: brew 1 liter of boiling water 40-50 g of grass for 30 minutes, drain. Drink 200 ml warm 3 times a day with inflammation of the kidneys, bladder, urinary and cholelithiasis, metabolic disorders.
• A decoction of the herb of shepherd's purse: brew 300 ml of boiling water 10 g of grass, heat on low heat for 30 minutes, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. l. or 100 ml 3 times a day for renal, uterine bleeding, hemoptysis, kidney and liver diseases.
• Juice from fresh grass shepherd's purse, diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1, take 1 tbsp. l. 3 times a day for bleeding, diarrhea, wash bleeding wounds, ulcers.
• Liquid extract of shepherd's purse is prepared with 70% alcohol in a ratio of 1:10. Drink 20-25 drops orally 2-3 times a day with uterine bleeding.
This beneficial long-flowering herb has strong anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. Shepherd's purse is an incredibly effective remedy for a variety of bleeding disorders. To prepare such a medicine, you should take 1 tablespoon of dry herb and carefully pour a full glass of boiling water. After half an hour of infusion, the composition must be filtered and taken in a systematic mode three times a day before meals, 1 tablespoon. Long ago, the juice and herb of the plant were used to stop intestinal, uterine, pulmonary and gastric bleeding.
The effect of the treatment depends on the quality of the raw materials and the correctness of their preparation. If the recipe is not prepared correctly, then there is no point in using such a medicinal liquid. The best effect is observed from plants that are grown independently at home. Then the person is sure that it was not treated with harmful solutions and chemicals. Medicinal herbs are practically not demanding in care and are not picky plant varieties. Often they do not need any complex planting and adapt to any conditions - they grow both in the sun and in the shade.
When preparing a medicine, it is imperative to carefully check the plant for suitability.
It should be free of insects, signs of disease or significant damage.
Medicinal plants help with the following problems:
You can not take a tincture of medicinal plants in large quantities, otherwise it will negatively affect the state of human health.
Let us consider in more detail the medicinal plants that can be found in the Leningrad region.
Plantain is the most popular medicinal plant. Every person is familiar with its properties. But not everyone knows about the options for its use and benefits.
It got this name because of the place of its germination. It can be easily found on the outskirts of roads. The plantain can reach heights of up to 70 cm. It has large arched veins that protect the plant from trampling.
The leaves have practically no smell, the taste is bitter. Flowering occurs in the summer months. Plantain propagates by seeds. This often happens on its own. The seeds fly in the wind and fall into the ground.
You can find a plant almost throughout the entire territory of Russia.
It is the plantain leaves that are valuable. You can collect them in any month of the summer. For the preparation of medicinal tinctures, the leaves are cut with a petiole and dried. They can be used fresh or dry. For the latter method, a dryer or canopy is suitable. After that, they can be stored for 1-2 years.
Plantain leaves contain a large amount of nutrients such as potassium, boron, magnesium, calcium and vitamins C and K.
The main properties include:
There are several recipes for making plantain:
It is not recommended to use drugs from plantain with increased acidity in the stomach, in the presence of blood clots or individual intolerance. Before use, you should consult your doctor.
Before starting treatment, the doses should be minimal, and each time they can be increased to normal.
Mother and stepmother is a popular plant that is easy to find in Russia. It is represented by small yellow flowers about 10 cm high. The plant belongs to perennials and is widely used for treatment.
From the mother-and-stepmother, they prepare a tincture, a decoction, or use pure juice. Each type of drug is used for a different kind of problem.
Video about the medicinal properties of mother and stepmother:
Ledum is a shrub that has a wide spectrum of activity. It is used to treat coughs, dysentery, and bugs and lice are poisoned with powder. You can find wild rosemary in swamps and coniferous forests.
For the preparation of the medicinal product, the leaves of the plant are used. It is best to collect the collection in the month of June. It is necessary to dry the grass in closed containers in the shade.
Ledum is a medicinal plant, but it is poisonous in high doses. When using it, you must observe safety measures. A single dose should not exceed 15 ml of broth.
The most common use of rosemary is in the treatment of rheumatism. It is also used as an expectorant for asthma and severe coughs.
With tuberculosis and other pulmonary pathologies, the broth is used internally, and with rheumatism - externally.
Lily of the valley is a medicinal plant that has a beautiful appearance and a delicious aroma. Flowering occurs in late spring or early summer. The plant is listed in the Red Book, because every day its number is significantly reduced. Lily of the valley can be found in the forests and ravines of Leningrad and other regions of Russia. White flowers are not only given for the holidays, but also used for medicinal purposes.
Lily of the valley has been used as a medicinal plant since ancient times. Tincture and dry mixture are used to improve memory, treat arrhythmias and other diseases.
For manufacturing, both leaves and flowers are used. Lily of the valley is a poisonous plant, so you should take precautions when harvesting. Leaves should be cut at a distance of 5 cm from the ground and dried in the shade. You can store the prepared mixture for 1-2 years.
For heart problems, a tincture of flowers is prepared. To do this, add 10 grams of dry lily of the valley to 50 ml of boiling water. The tincture should be taken every 2-3 hours.
During treatment, be sure to observe the dosage and not exceed it. Do not take a tincture from this plant for gastritis and kidney problems.
Burdock is a plant that contains a large amount of vitamins and useful components. Its leaves and roots are widely used in traditional medicine. You can find it in almost any garden or park. It often grows near houses.
It is necessary to collect the leaves in the summer, but the roots are harvested in early autumn. Dry them in a well-ventilated room. You can store the leaves for only 1 year, but the roots for 4-5 years.
Burdock has a wide range of useful properties. These include - rapid wound healing, laxative effects, increased immunity and diuretic effects.
Do not apply this treatment to pregnant girls and children.
Shepherd's purse is a popular plant that is popularly called the heart herb or just hearts. This is explained by the appearance of the plant. Stem height can reach up to 50 cm in height, flowers are small and white. Flowering begins in late spring and lasts until autumn. The plant has practically no smell, the taste is bitter.
A shepherd's purse is an unpretentious plant that can be found anywhere. The plant is classified as a weed and can often be found near roads and in wastelands.
For the preparation of medicinal raw materials, shepherd's bags are collected in early summer, when the plant blooms. The plant is cut without root, but with basal leaves. Then it is dried in the shade or in a dryer. You can store raw materials for 2-3 years.
Shepherd's bag is used to treat bleeding, kidney, liver and indigestion.
Most often it is used in the form of a tincture, which is very easy to prepare. For this, 100 ml of boiling water is poured over 5 grams of herbs. You need to infuse the mixture for half an hour. Then filter the tincture and take 15 ml 3 times a day before meals.
Tea is also prepared from the plant, which is best brewed in melt water.
Fresh leaves are used in dishes such as soup, salad and pie fillings.
|Mother and stepmother||Spring||May June|
|Lily of the valley||May-July||June|
A large number of medicinal plants grow in the Leningrad Region, which are used for various health problems.