Nematanthus, or hypocyrta, is a tropical plant that appeared in our home flower gardens relatively recently. Therefore, not all breeders know how to properly care for this handsome man so that he is always green and pleasing to the eye. Caring for nematanthus, indeed, requires some effort. But they more than pay off with the result: the flowering view of a beautiful plant that leaves no one indifferent.
The homeland of the nematanthus is the Amazon rainforest, where it grows freely in the form of small bushes with flexible stems. This plant belongs to the type of climbing lianas, and therefore it seems to itself asks to be grown in pots on the wall or in flowerpots on various openwork stands installed at a height. Dark green, sometimes with bluish veins, the leaves of the nematanthus are located opposite on the branches, have an ovoid or elliptical shape, size from 3 to 10 cm.The underside of the leaves sometimes has a purple color and slight pubescence.
Nematanthus flowers in shape and size resemble aquarium fish
Thanks to the original, unusual shape of flowers, reminiscent of reduced copies of aquarium goldfish, nematanthus can become a wonderful decoration for a home flower garden. Each type of nematanthus has its own color nuance - its buds can be colored in different shades of red and yellow. The shape of the flowers is also very interesting: the petals of its corolla grow together like a pocket-shaped cavity with a tubular pharynx, and the corolla itself is sometimes colored purple. The lower part of the flowers may have a slight swelling, which gives them the resemblance to exotic fruits, berries and even goldfish. All this looks very elegant and decorative: against the background of a mass of dark juicy leaves, bright flowers stand out like precious stones. During the flowering period, nematanthus is a true miracle that can bring a smile and cheer up.
Blooming nematanthus with its bright appearance transforms everything around
In their homeland, in the Amazon jungle, in Brazil, nematanthus bloom only in summer, and in a home flower garden, with proper care, these plants bloom for a long time - from early spring to late autumn.
Popular belief is associated with nematanthus. They say that in the house where this plant blooms, there will certainly be happiness and prosperity. It is also believed to freshen the indoor air.
In the genus of nematanthus, botanists have 28 species, about 7–8 of them grow in flower gardens of amateur plant breeders around the world.
Careful nematanthus care is required. Maintaining the required temperature and light level, sufficient watering and feeding - all this will have to be paid attention to. However, even a novice grower can create suitable conditions for this plant. The main thing is to follow the recommendations of specialists.
When keeping nematanthus, special attention should be paid to maintaining the required temperature regime in the room (do you remember that you are dealing with a tropical sissy?)... During winter dormancy, the temperature should be kept within 14-16 aboutC. Temperatures even one degree lower can adversely affect the plant. And at 7 aboutWith possible dying off and falling of leaves.
Tropical sissy nematanthus is very sensitive to conditions of detention
During summer flowering, the temperature should be kept at 19-24 aboutC. But nematanthus does not like intense heat: at 27 aboutSince he already begins to suffer - the tips of the leaves dry up. It is recommended to keep the temperature 5 degrees lower at night than during the day.
In summer, nematanthus should be watered when the upper layer of the substrate dries up with soft, previously settled water at ambient temperature. It is important to remember that watering should be individual for each species: large-leaved plants need more water than small-leaved ones. In winter, nematanthus is watered moderately.
Nematantus requires bright, but diffused lighting for 12-14 hours a day. Therefore, the pots with it are recommended to be placed on the windows on the east or west side of the room. At windows on the south side, plants need to be shaded to protect them from sunburn. In winter, nematanthus needs additional strong lighting.
It is best to place the nematanthus on the east or west windows.
A blooming nematanthus will be provided not only by correctly selected temperature, illumination and watering conditions. The correct choice of soil and timely feeding will also affect the well-being of the plant.
Nematanthuses prefer loose, light and breathable soil with a slightly acidic or neutral chemical reaction (pH 5.5–6). The soil must be made up of leafy earth, humus, peat and sand (2: 1: 1: 1), it is advisable to add a little charcoal, pieces of sphagnum or pine bark.
In order for the nematanthus to delight you with its beautiful buds, you should feed it with fertilizers for flowering plants containing phosphorus and potassium. However, fertilization should not be applied too often: feeding should correspond to the natural cycles along which the plant develops. In the period from October to February, the nematanthus is dormant, therefore, fertilizers should not be applied to the soil. But in the period from March to September, when young shoots are actively growing and intense flowering begins, there is a need for feeding.
Fertilize nematanthus only during the period of active growth.
Fertilize nematanthus after 10-15 days, not more often, otherwise the leaves and flowers will fade. Fertilizer dosage - according to the manufacturer's recommendation.
Nematantus needs a formative pruning at least once a year at the end of the active flowering period, that is, in October. It is necessary to carry out pruning as soon as the shedding of leaves is indicated.
The pruning method is very simple: the shoots of old bushes are shortened by half the length, the branches of young bushes are cut by one third.
Nematanthus, like other types of houseplants, must be pruned correctly.
Without annual pruning, the plants will lose the density of foliage the next year, the crown will lose its density, the showiness of the silhouette.
It is necessary to shorten the old branches of the nematantus so that they start up new shoots - only they bloom the brightest and largest flowers of this plant. There are few flowers on last year's old branches, they are small and ugly.
Unfortunately, nematanthuses are susceptible to all kinds of diseases, and many pests wish to feast on their juicy greens. The best way to deal with all adversity is strict adherence to care requirements. But if it was not possible to avoid the disease, measures should be taken decisively. When attacked by aphids, scale insects, spider mites, insecticides are used. When rot appears due to waterlogging of the soil, it is recommended to limit watering. Powdery mildew is treated with fungicides.
Those who want to have a nematanthus at home can purchase an already formed flower in the store or try to grow it from seeds or cuttings.
For the propagation of nematanthus by seeds, it is first necessary to prepare the substrate - before sowing, it must be leveled and moistened. Seeds of nematanthus are very small, dusty; from the dried seed box, they must be poured onto a sheet of paper and evenly scattered over the surface of the prepared substrate, and then covered with glass. When the seeds sprout, the glass must be moved to the side so that a gap forms between the edge of the container and the glass.
Nematanthus seeds should be placed under glass
The grown seedlings dive - they are transplanted 5–6 pieces into a pot. Plants will bloom in a year.
With this method of reproduction, the substrate is carefully loosened before planting. The mother plant is cut into cuttings 8-10 centimeters long (they can be harvested throughout the year). Leaves are cut off from the lower part of the cutting and planted in a prepared substrate (sphagnum, preferably fresh, can act as such).
Propagation of nematanthus by cuttings is considered a more traditional method.
The donor plant should be placed in a shaded place, and after a while it will give new shoots.
The practice of cultivating nematanthus has shown that this plant needs to be transplanted. But it should be carried out no more often than every 2-3 years, since the nematanthus develops at a fairly moderate rate. The transplant is performed in the spring, as soon as the first sign of the growth of a young shoot appears.
Nematanthus has a small root, so it needs a compact pot, and the new one should not exceed the previous one by more than 2-3 cm in diameter. In too spacious flowerpots, nematanthus often infest diseases or pests. In addition, this tropical sissy grows and blooms poorly in large pots. As for the soil, it should be moist, soft and breathable.
Nemantus is called hypocyrta in another way, I have a red one with yellow pre-flowers, the flower shape reminds me of a fish. Poorly tolerates dry air, the place needs a bright one.I water abundantly in summer and lightly in winter. If you put it in partial shade, then the flowers become smaller, they become freaks. Dry air turns luxurious shoots almost bald. Leaves fall off or curl. I arrange a dormant period in September, I rarely water and put in partial shade. I keep it in this state for 2 months, then I put it in a bright place and start watering. Blooms after this procedure from December to June. After flowering, I always prune and root the cuttings. If you do not cut it, it will lose its decorative effect. I do not spray, I just pour additional water into the pan. Yes, I forgot, you cannot feed fertilizer with the presence of lime, calcium does not tolerate, it begins to bend.
I bought it two or three years ago, and it bloomed for me by the fall and continued in winter. It hangs, however, under the lamp. And every year it blooms with me not in the summer, but in the cool season. I do pruning in early spring. I get a lot of cuttings, that's why I distribute them. Rooting in light soil under the bag. I water the ground once, and then only sprinkle on the leaf. I root 7-8 cuttings in a pot, they root very easily and almost 100%. When rooting, I do not use Kornevin or any other drugs.
Beautiful, compact, original - the nematanthus has many advantages. And those who have already settled him at home, they say that he also has an amazing property - to cheer up everyone who throws their eyes at him. And although this plant cannot be called unpretentious, both a professional and an amateur will perfectly cope with the care of a nematanthus. So it definitely deserves to be the focal point of your home garden.
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In indoor floriculture, you usually have to choose what is more important than beautiful leaves or bright flowers. Often, beautifully flowering specimens have inexpressive foliage, and plants with rich green or motley "hair" bloom inconspicuously. There are not many plants with a harmonious appearance. One of them is nematanthus, aka hypocyrta. This plant has interesting leathery shiny foliage and flowers of amazing shape and color. For our apartments, it is still exotic. Russian amateur flower growers have recently begun to grow this flower. Their foreign colleagues have already managed to give the hypocirte several popular nicknames. In Poland, she was nicknamed the humpbacked flower. In America and Great Britain, the hypocyrt is romantically called the goldfish. And to the Germans, the unusual shape of the inflorescence of the hypocyrte (nematanthus) resembles the lips folded before a kiss. Popular rumor ascribes wonderful properties to this plant, as if happiness and prosperity come to the house with it. Perhaps, because goldfish are famous wish-makers. And flower growers assure that nematatus is pleasant and easy to care for at home.
Hanging pots with Nematantus are a picturesque decoration of a sunny window, balcony or loggia. Nematantus is a genus of epiphytic dwarf shrubs that grow on tree trunks in the tropics of Brazil. According to the modern classification, two separate genera - Nematanthus and Hypocyrta are combined into one, numbering about 30 species.
Young shoots initially grow up, but gradually descend under the weight of their weight. However, by intertwining the shoots with a pigtail, it is possible to grow a hypocyrtu and as a small tree on a trunk.
The plant is decorative all season. In some species and varieties, the lower part of the leaf is either completely burgundy or has a pronounced spot along the main vein. There are also variegated forms with a white-lined border along the edge. Flowers that look like fish are yellow, orange, red, pink and even white. The leaves are covered with a waxy cuticle that gives them shine and protects the plant from overheating. Thanks to this property, the hypocyrt can be grown on a southern window, and in summer it feels good in the fresh air.
Nematanthus blooms at home profusely from spring to autumn on young shoots. Therefore, in the fall after flowering, they are shortened by a third. With the cuttings remaining after cutting, the flower is propagated. By the way, you can root them all year round. To do this, I use stem fragments with 1-2 nodes, root them in water or plant them in the soil under a jar. Several cuttings of the same or even different types are planted in one pot.
Hypocyrta is a plant of the Gesneriaceae family, a close relative of violets, gloxinia, streptocarpus, etc. Therefore, for cultivation, they use soil for Saintpaulias with the addition of sphagnum moss, pine bark or brick chips (for looseness).
In spring and summer, water is plentifully, as the topsoil dries up, in winter - rarely and carefully, since excess moisture at this time can lead to decay of the roots and death of the plant. At a winter temperature of + 7-10 degrees, the plant does not require watering at all, its fleshy leaves already contain enough moisture.
During the period of active growth, the room hypocyrt is fed with full mineral fertilizer once every 2 weeks. In summer - less often, about once every 3-4 weeks.
The main rule is the timeliness of agrotechnical measures. Growing Jasmine is easy, you just need to know some of the nuances. If the grower does not follow the rules specified in the following sections, then even such an unpretentious plant as Jasmine will grow poorly, and the buds will be medium-sized and in smaller quantities.
Thick shade, dampness, lack of light are factors that interfere with active vegetation and abundant flowering. A pot with a lush bush is placed on a stand near the window so that the sun illuminates the plant well. In the absence of heat, it is permissible for direct rays to fall on the leaves, but shading with blinds will be needed in July-early August. It is important to find a balance so that the room is not too dark.
Where to place the plant? A prerequisite is in an area where there are no drafts. Airing is carried out by opening the window, with the doors closed: this way it is easier to exclude the influence of negative factors. Without fresh air, the plant does not develop well, but gusts of wind and drafts are not needed.
The correct flowerpot:
When preparing the soil mixture yourself, you need to take into account the difference in the proportions of the components:
Visual video - instructions for transplanting Jasmine room:
A positive nuance when growing indoor jasmine - the plant tolerates moderate heat well, there is no need to create "tropics" at home. Optimum performance is from +20 to + 22 ° С. In winter, the temperature is slightly lowered so that the flower can rest, gain strength for the growth of young shoots in spring.
A plant with rich green leaves loves moisture: in hot weather, spraying is carried out to avoid yellowing of the elements. If the air in the room is dry, then the liquid from the spray bottle is sprayed every day. The higher the room temperature and the lower the humidity, the more actively spraying is performed.
In the previous section, the consequences of poor substrate moisture are indicated: Indoor jasmine not only grows poorly, but conditions are also created for the settlement of dangerous pests of indoor plants - spider mites.
Indoor jasmine is sprayed in summer, when the humidity of the air decreases and the temperature rises. Without carrying out a simple procedure, the foliage withers, dries up, decorativeness decreases. In a young bush, you can gently wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, but spraying is easier, and there is no excess pressure on delicate greens.
Indoor jasmine grows well in a bright room. It is important that your home or office has enough light throughout the day. Despite the benefits of sun rays in spring and autumn, you need to be careful with ultraviolet in the summer. On a hot afternoon, a bush with a lush crown is shaded to avoid burns and yellowing of the leaves.
In winter, the plant should rest; additional lighting is not required during the dormant period. You should not keep a light-loving plant in the northern room, especially if tall trees grow next to the house, which significantly limit the access of light.
Active fertilization (every 10-14 days) is carried out in the season of increased growth, from spring to August. Use mineral formulations for beautifully flowering houseplants, preferably in liquid form. It is important that there is enough potassium in the mixtures: the chances of abundant flowering increase.
Fertilizers are applied to wet soil a short time after watering. You need to be careful with granular products: exceeding the dosage can lead to root burns.
Indoor jasmine blooms in early summer, delicate buds are pleasing to the eye in autumn. A rich, sweetish aroma spreads throughout the room. It's important to know: in a small room or bedroom, a beautifully flowering plant with a rich smell is not placed in order to prevent headaches in households and the hostess.
If in summer it is very hot and stuffy, then it is imperative to water and spray the bush more often, otherwise the buds fall off, the flowering is not so abundant. Also during this period good lighting is required, but at noon, you need to shade the decorative look. Timely feeding with liquid mineral fertilizers with a high potassium content has a positive effect on the duration of flowering.
It is advisable to immediately remove wilted buds from the bush so that the plant does not waste juices and energy in vain. It is bad if the petals accumulate on the surface of the substrate, rot, a favorable environment is created for the development of fungi and various kinds of diseases.
For the splendor of the Jasmine Room bush, crown formation is carried out annually. At the end of February or in the first decade of March, the shoots are shortened: healthy, strong ones - they remove half the length, weak, thin ones - they are reduced by one third. If a lot of young twigs have formed on the plant, then the elements are pinched.
Jasmine in the office and home, with good care, grows up to 1 m or more. Under the weight of the leaves and against the background of the long length of the shoots, the plant loses its decorative effect, the stems diverge to the sides, lean towards the ground. For good growth and preservation of health, Jasmine creates a support in the form of an elegant plastic structure or a metal product that does not rust. It is convenient to use a semicircle on which branches are placed. To prevent the stems from dropping too far, it is helpful to wrap them with rope or decorative tape.
Most of the horses considered elite are representatives of the riding steed. So, one of the very expensive representatives is Fusaichi Pegasus. It was bought in 1997 in Japan. A man named Fusao Sekiguchi had to shell out $ 4 million in front of the seller. 3 years have passed since that purchase. The horse was resold to Ireland, and already for 60 "lemons" dollars. Thus, the Japanese made a colossal profit.
A beautiful horse with a formidable name - Annihilator - is frolicking in the Australian open spaces. Already in 1989, the minimum price for it was $ 19 million. At that time, he was just starting to take part in the races. Over the past career, the stallion managed to win 6 times. The biggest win is $ 12,000. The animal left the sport in 2012.
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