Demidov tomatoes are very popular among gardeners, primarily due to their taste and characteristics. These tomatoes, according to the description, are unpretentious in care, are well cultivated in the open field, give a high yield, and are resistant to various diseases.
The Demidov variety was bred recently, at the beginning of our century. Despite its artificial origin, this variety quickly gained a reputation among gardeners. Due to the fact that he did not cross with other varieties, it is quite possible to take seeds from the fruits for future planting.
Tomatoes Demidov mid-season, determinant species, 60-65 cm high, have a standard bush. The leaves on it are dark green, resembling potato leaves, large in size. This plant perfectly sets buds in any weather. The first inflorescences form above the 6th leaf, then repeat after 2-3 leaves.
The plant of Demidov is of a non-hybrid type, unique, it has no analogues with the F1 marking.
Gardeners prefer to grow these tomatoes in the beds, due to its resistance to any whims of the weather. Harvest up to 10 kg from 1 m2 100-110 days after planting seedlings.
Round in shape, the fruits are pink with a noticeable ribbed surface. They taste juicy and aromatic, with a sweetish aftertaste, and can preserve their marketable qualities for a long time. Fetal weight fluctuates from 80 to 190 grams.
This variety is not suitable for conservation, therefore it is recommended to use fresh fruits. It is recommended to grow in the regions of central Russia, as well as in the Urals and Western Siberia.
The variety was bred by Russian breeders and took its rightful place among a number of similar types of tomatoes. This is noticeable in the following advantages:
The disadvantages include the appearance cracks in the fruit and possible appearance apical decay on them.
Tomatoes prefer fertile soil, preferably on a southern slope.
Legumes, onions, cabbage can be favorable predecessors. It is not recommended to plant tomatoes for 2 years in a row on the same ridge, as well as after potatoes, due to their common diseases.
It is advisable to introduce organic fertilizers in the fall when digging, and if the predecessors used manure, then organic fertilizers should not be introduced at all. To disinfect the soil, Bordeaux liquid is introduced into it.
If the purchased seeds have not been processed, then before planting, this must be done by yourself. Why you need to wrap them in a gauze bag and lower them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 30-40 minutes.
After that, dry slightly, then spread on a damp cloth, cotton cloth, or gauze. Put in a plastic bag and in a warm place, periodically checking for moisture. Usually seeds hatch on the 4th, 5th day. You need to plant them in the beginning of March.
Before planting seeds in special containers in the form of jars, pots, containers, you need to prepare the ground:
At the beginning of growing seedlings, you need to observe the heat and light conditions, as well as periodically water the seedlings. The temperature should be 22-24 degrees... Then, after the first shoots appear, it is reduced to 17-19 degrees.
The land is sold, usually saturated with all the nutrients, so there is no need to feed the seedlings.
So that the seedlings do not stretch out, for its normal development it is necessary 12 hours of daylight... To create such illumination, artificial lighting is required.
Seedlings are planted depending on the weather. Usually seedlings of a mid-season variety are transferred to the ground. at the beginning of May under the film and at the beginning of June on the ridge.
Before planting, the seedlings are hardened. For this, for 4-5 days, it is taken out into the air. Start from 2 hours, and gradually, increasing the time, bring up to 6 hours.
Plants are planted in pre-prepared holes, which are made on the ridge according to the classical scheme 50 × 60 cm... Then watered abundantly, but do not overdo it: tomatoes do not like dampness.
When growing tomatoes, care for them is also implied.
You need them regularly:
You should also remember to pick off the lower leaves for accelerated growth. Of course, apply mineral complex fertilizers.
Organic fertilizers should be applied with care so that there is no oversaturation with nitrogen, which contributes to the formation of green mass in the plant.
When forming a bush in the mid-season Demidov variety, you can leave two branches, remembering to "pinch" their tops after flowering.
From diseases, tomato can be susceptible to apical rot, which is expressed in the appearance of brown spots on the top of the fruit. For processing, the preparations "Brexil Sa", "Gumifid" and "Megafol" are used.
To effectively combat harmful insects, plants are treated with insecticides.
Despite some shortcomings, Demidov tomatoes are in demand among gardeners for their qualities. This is an excellent variety of tomatoes, and it is used not only for consumption, but also for rural business.
"Demidov" is a variety that was discovered in the present century. Breeders brought it from Russia. The tomato is unpretentious, fruitful, it has many advantages. It is suitable for greenhouse and outdoor cultivation, with growing regions stretching from the central part of the country to the north.
This is not a hybrid tomato, and there are no varieties similar in name. Hybrids have their advantages, including high resistance to disease and weather adversity, but “Demidov”, although it does not have a special designation on the packaging, is not afraid of diseases either. Of course, troubles in the form of rot will happen to him, but this is rare and from improper care. To prevent this from happening to you, read the article below.
Tomato "Demidov". Characteristics and description of the variety
Tomato "Demidov", as you understand from the description of the variety, is unpretentious. The photo is dismantled, and the reviews confirm this fact, but the lack of moisture leads to the development of rot and cracking of the fruit. This is an important nuance in agricultural technology.
Experts recommend growing a tomato outdoors. Probably invisibly in regions with warm climates. And in regions with a short summer period (in the middle lane, in the Urals and in other areas with a similar climate), plant seedlings of this vegetable plant only in greenhouses.
It is recommended to plant no more than three tomato bushes on one square. With this planting, the bushes will not interfere with each other in the process of growth and fruiting.
The process of planting seeds, growing seedlings and further caring for these vegetable plants is the same as for other varieties of tomatoes. But it should be noted that in order to obtain a bountiful harvest, it is necessary to observe the irrigation regime - water the plants as the top layer of the soil dries up, and regularly apply additional fertilizing (at least 4-5 during the cultivation of the variety).
Demidov tomatoes: variety photo
Demidov tomatoes can be grown successfully only with the help of seedlings. However, in a warm climate, Demidov tomato seeds can be sown directly into the ground. However, in such cases, it is better to choose the tomato varieties that perform best in the southern regions.
Seedlings are usually planted outdoors after the plants are fifty-five to sixty days old. Plants that have already formed inflorescences, as well as those with an open root system, do not have the best survival rate.
Tomato seeds Demidov must be sown in containers around the period from March to April. Do not forget about the timing of planting plants in a permanent habitat. In greenhouse conditions, seedlings are transferred on May days, and in open ground, plants can be transplanted in June.
As a rule, the first sprouts hatch after five to ten days. Until this moment, the air temperature should be about +25 degrees. After the plants have appeared, it must be lowered by 5-10 degrees. This is necessary so that the sprouts do not weaken due to too fast "pulling".
After about seven days, young plants already grow together in a container. And at this moment the temperature needs to be raised to about room temperature (about 23-25 degrees).
For a plant to develop and grow normally, it needs a certain amount of light. Usually tomato seedlings are supplemented with the help of special phytolamps. If the containers with your seedlings are on the window, then turn them a couple of times a day. Watering young seedlings should be moderate. After the appearance of the second leaf, the seedlings dive.
The best option for placing seedlings is in separate cups. In this way, the root system of the plants will not be damaged too much during transplantation. And the survival rate of seedlings in a permanent place will be an order of magnitude higher.
If you grow Demidov tomatoes in an open area, it is better to prepare a film shelter in advance. If there is a threat of cold temperatures, then this precaution will protect your plantings.
When planting Demidov tomatoes, a certain distance must be observed. About fifty centimeters should remain between the plants, and the row spacing should be about sixty centimeters. It is imperative to observe the irrigation regime, the soil should not remain dry.
Otherwise, there is a risk that cracking of the fruit and the formation of rot will begin. The water should be warm. It is most convenient to install a drip irrigation system, so water will not get on the leaves, and moisture will be distributed more evenly.
After the soil has been moistened, it is necessary to loosen it, and at the same time remove the weeds. In the first week, it is necessary to huddle the plants. The next time this procedure is carried out in a couple of weeks. This measure promotes the formation of new roots.
With regard to making dressing, then they should be on a regular basis. For this, top dressing is used based on organic matter and mineral elements. You can, for example, prepare the following composition: liquid mullein (half a liter) + nitrophoska (twenty grams) + potassium sulfate (five grams) + superphosphate (thirty grams).
All these components must be diluted in ten liters of water. About a liter of such a product is consumed per plant. You can also feed tomatoes by foliar method. For this, summer residents use Gumfield, Megafol, SWIT.
Tomato Demidov: video about the variety
In regions with a short summer period, this variety is best grown in seedlings. For seedlings, seeds must be sown a couple of months before transplanting the grown seedlings to a permanent place.
The picking of thickened seedlings should be made at the stage of appearance of two true leaves. Seedlings should be watered regularly as the topsoil dries. Also, during the cultivation of seedlings at home, it must be fed at least two times.
The first feeding is carried out 12-14 days after the picking procedure. The next one is two weeks after the first one. Ammophoska should be included in such dressings. You can also feed young plants with a solution of mullein or chicken droppings, but you need to dilute such organic matter in a ratio of 1:10 so as not to burn the delicate root system of these vegetable plants.
It is better to prepare the beds for these tomatoes in advance - in the fall. For autumn digging, humus, rotted manure or compost are introduced into the soil - 10 kg per square. In the spring, the soil is dug up again, breaking up clods of earth, while simultaneously introducing complex mineral fertilizers into the beds.
Planting strong healthy seedlings in a permanent place is carried out as follows: no more than 6 Demidov tomato bushes are planted on each square. Caring for plants consists in observing the watering regime, loosening the soil, weeding and regular feeding.
Fertilizers under the bushes of this tomato variety are applied no more than 3-4 times per season - a couple of weeks after transplanting seedlings to the beds, before and during flowering, during the period of amicable ripening of fruits. Experts recommend alternating the application of organic matter and the mineral fertilizer complex.
If you have grown shuttle tomatoes, please write whether you like them or not. What was the yield and taste of the fruit in your climatic conditions? How do you rate the resistance of this variety to diseases and pests? Describe briefly what, in your opinion, are the advantages and disadvantages of this tomato. If possible, attach a photo of the entire bush or individual fruits grown by you to the comment. Thank you!
Your reviews about the Tomato Shuttle and additions to the description will help many gardeners evaluate this variety objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.