Berberis, more commonly called Barberry, is a shrub inextricably linked to human history.
Berberis is a plant of ancient human memory, already known in the times of the ancient Greeks, they called it this way almost certainly for the brightness of its leaves.
The flowers are very showy and appear in axillary clusters.
Many anthropologists believe that the barberry was used in some ritual practices or as a sacred object, particularly by Native Americans who believed, not entirely wrongly, that it had some sort of supernatural power used mainly as a cure for disease but also for the prevention of a very large number of ailments.
As a rule, this shrub has a great preference for widely sunny areas. Definitely loves warm climates with wide exposure. Despite this the berberis they can also be planted in semi-shady places. It is strongly advised not to place it in places where there is complete shade.
As far as watering is concerned, it is extremely important to water regularly and abundantly in periods when the rains are very scarce and consequently the soil is extremely dry. Watering in times of prolonged drought is imperative. In the
periods, on the other hand, when the rains are abundant, you can certainly avoid watering.
Speaking of berberis planting, some very important rules must be respected.
If you decide to plant this shrub during autumn, it is always advisable that the drainage is in perfect condition and that the soil in which it will be planted is sufficiently deep so as to allow the roots to develop. Eliminate all weeds in such a way as to eliminate any competition problems with berberis. It is always advisable to use plants grown in pots for no more than three years so that the root system is well developed.
Propagation can be done in two ways or by seed or by cuttings.
Sowing must be carried out absolutely during autumn and specifically the best month for sowing is certainly the month of November.
For what concerns the hybrid specimens, the only way of propagation is by cuttings.
To have an excellent cutting, the lateral branches of the plant must be taken in the period from August to September. Finally, the cutting must be rooted in a mixture of sand and soil.
Berberis does not have major climate compatibility problems. In fact, if on the one hand it particularly prefers the mild climate it does not disdain even the icy one. In fact the berberis does not disdain the cold up to a maximum of minus ten degrees. Keep in mind to protect the base of the plant by mulching by putting leaves and straw at the foot of the shrub.
The soil must be soft and with very pronounced draining properties.
The berberis is in good substance a fairly resistant plant, it does not run great risks, but the dangers are always lurking. Berberis fear attacks from basically two types of aggressors: aphids and the so-called white sickness. The aphids mainly affect the flowers making them lose their natural vigor while the white sickness mainly affects the leaves. So you immediately notice if the plant is suffering from white sore. If the leaves begin to show white spots, often rounded, it means that the plant is under attack by this fungal species. Against aphids it will be necessary to use a broad spectrum pesticide while a systemic fungicide will be very useful for the white disease.