What is mushroom mycelium and what it looks like


Currently, the production of champignons and oyster mushrooms is quite a popular and profitable business. A good product is obtained from a high-quality and pure culture of mycelium, which, if desired, can be grown at home. The detailed information presented in the article answers the questions, what is mycelium and how to cultivate it correctly.

What is mushroom mycelium and its functional features

Mycelium or its other name, mycelium - the vegetative body of fungi (thallus) - is a system of the finest branching filaments or hyphae. Thallus is divided into two types:

  • substratedesigned to attach to a substrate and transport nutrients and water;
  • airforming organs of reproduction above the surface of the substrate.

The network of hyphae forming the thallus can spread over long distances in favorable conditions. You can see such plexuses in the soil with the naked eye, they look like a white cotton bloom.

The mycelium performs a number of important functions:

  • promotes attachment of organisms to nutrient substrates;
  • with the help of enzymes, it processes cellulose, obtaining from it substances available for growth and development;
  • has the function adaptations to the environment;
  • participates in sporulation and is responsible for the preservation of the resulting disputes.

The mycelium is a very important organ, in addition to its transport and nutritional function, it is responsible for the vegetative reproduction of organisms.

Types of myceliums and how they look

There are 7 types of the vegetative body:

  • Film, consisting of light, tightly woven hyphae of different sizes. The main function is to attach to the substrate and obtain nutrients from cellulose.
  • Shnurovoy, formed due to the accretion of hyphae and is responsible for the attachment and spread of fungi due to strong branching.
  • Rhizomorphs are powerful cord-like weaves of threads of different colors, which determine the resistance of organisms to adverse environmental conditions.
  • Rhizoctonia, consisting of thin and airy filamentous accumulations of hyphae and serving for the attachment and spread of organisms.
  • Sclerotia formed by tightly intertwined and highly branched threads. Like rhizomorphs, it helps to endure aggressive living conditions.
  • Stroma are formed in places of contact with the tissue of the host plant, tightly fused with it, and are intended to preserve fungal spores.
  • Fruiting body is the place of formation and maturation of fungal spores.

Thus, the mycelium is a unique formation involved in the distribution, nutrition and reproduction of fungi.

Why get mycelium

The main purpose of thallus cultivation is harvesting edible mushrooms... As soon as people realized that hyphae clusters perform the function of reproduction, they began to use parts of wild mushrooms for breeding them at home. But such a product did not yield a high yield.

Over time, attempts were made to cultivate pure mushroom crops to increase their yield and sustainability. At the end of the 19th century in France it was possible to obtain such a mushroom culture, grown on a special sterile substrate.

The grown mycelium showed excellent growth characteristics. Using the technology of obtaining thallus in laboratory conditions, it became possible to produce cultivated mushrooms on an industrial scale.

How to get a quality mycelium

Before you start cultivating mushrooms, you need to find out where to get the mycelium from. The highest quality mycelium is obtained in laboratories... Such a product can be bought in specialized stores with good reviews.

If desired, the mycelium can be grown at home on your own, having properly prepared the substrate, ensuring comfortable environmental conditions and sanitation. It is quite possible to implement this idea.

The main requirement for successful cultivation of mushrooms at home is compliance with temperature conditions, illumination and cleanliness.

Getting mycelium with your own hands is a suitable way for novice mushroom growers, because it makes it possible to try the method on a small batch and without high costs.

Features of growing technology

The technology of growing mycelium for the purpose of breeding champignons, oyster mushrooms, honey agarics involves the sequential implementation of several procedures.

The first method for obtaining a pure culture from champignon spores is still widely used for the cultivation of high-quality mycelium, called uterine. This method allows you to grow pure, strong crops that give good yields and have excellent characteristics.

The main task of the mushroom grower in obtaining the uterine thallus is maintaining aseptic conditions, so as not to infect the culture with microorganisms present in the environment. Compliance with this rule guarantees a quality product with excellent taste.

Mature spores or part of the fruiting body are planted on a substrate, which is a sterile nutrient medium wort agar, oat or carrot agar.

The media are prepared in test tubes, and after they have solidified, the culture is introduced there with a sterile instrument, which can be a wire or knitting needle with a loop at the end. To maintain sterility, all manipulations are performed over fire.

The tubes are sealed with a sterile cotton-gauze stopper and stored at a constant temperature. about 24 degrees within 2 weeks until the formation of a full-fledged mycelium. Stock culture in test tubes can be stored for a long time at a temperature 1-2 degrees with periodic reseeding (once a year) to maintain the good properties of the mycelium.

The next step is obtaining seed from compost or grain mycelium. The highest quality compost is formed from the following ingredients:

  • manure, preferably horse or cow;
  • straw;
  • gypsum;
  • a piece of chalk;
  • urea;
  • superphosphate;
  • alabaster flour.

Convenient to use as a substrate ready compost... It is placed in three-liter jars for 2/3 of the volume, a depression is made in the middle, the jars are rolled up with a metal lid with a 2-3 cm hole in the middle. The hole is sealed with a cotton-gauze stopper and the containers are sterilized.

Under aseptic conditions, the uterine mycelium is planted into the recess of the compost through a hole in the lid, which is closed again after the end of the procedure. The cultivation of the seed mycelium is carried out in the same way as the uterine one.

For growing mushrooms at home, it is convenient to get grain mycelium... For this, it is important to properly prepare the grain:

  1. Boil the grain in water at a ratio of 1: 1.5 for 30-60 minutes and cool it down.
  2. Dry the grain and place it in jars or polypropylene bags, filling them halfway.
  3. Sterilize the prepared materials.
  4. Sow mycelium, as in the case of compost.

A pure culture has the appearance of a white fluffy bloom without green or brown spots. The ready-made sowing mycelium is used to grow the harvest of mushrooms on substrates.

The production of quality mycelium requires a certain skill and careful preparation of the conditions. Therefore, before you get down to business, it is best to try to grow a small batch of crops and harvest the first crop. The experience gained will be very useful and will allow you to evaluate all the pros and cons of the project for growing mushrooms.


How mushrooms grow in an artificial environment: what is oyster mushroom mycelium?

Oyster mushroom mycelium is the vegetative body of the fungus, mycelium, which consists of thin branched filaments. Usually develops in the substrate or on its surface. There are several ways to obtain it, both in the laboratory and at home.

This is what the mycelium of oyster mushrooms looks like before planting.

In nature, fungi reproduce mainly by spores. However, science does not stand still, and it was decided to learn how to grow mushrooms in artificially created conditions.

Previously, for growing oyster mushrooms, they took mycelium in the forest and propagated it in adapted greenhouses. At the same time, a small piece of it was planted on a previously prepared soil, without sprinkling it with earth on top, so that the mycelium would not bear fruit. When all the soil was well intertwined with mycelium, then it was taken out, slightly dried and used in breeding. In Russia, oyster mushroom mycelium was obtained in this way in the late thirties of the twentieth century.

The quality of mycelium obtained under such conditions was not at a high level. Fruiting was meager, and mycelium quickly degenerated. When using such mycelium of oyster mushrooms, harmful bacteria and microorganisms were introduced, which slowed down the development and worsened the quality. Therefore, researchers are constantly looking for a new technology for growing mycelium.

In 1894, in one of the institutes of France, a mycelium was first bred from the spores of a fungus, grown in laboratory conditions. She had a great prospect, since she took root much better and brought an extensive harvest before the mushrooms appeared in the forest. But spore breeding was only successful in laboratory conditions, which significantly reduced the frequency of its use.

The latter patented a method for growing oyster mushroom grain mycelium. In modern Russia, it is widely used to this day. Mushroom growers grow mycelium on grain of all types of grain crops, as well as on sunflower shells, dry grape pomace, corn stalks, sawdust.


What is mycelium?

Mycelium (mycelium) is a vegetative body of fungi and actinomycetes (some researchers, emphasizing the bacterial nature of actinomycetes, call their analogue of fungal mycelium thin filaments), consisting of thin (1.5-10 microns thick in fungi and 0.5-1.0 microns in actinomycetes) branched filaments called hyphae. It develops in the substrate and on its surface. The length of the mycelium of fungi in natural conditions, in particular, in the forest floor, can reach 35 km per 1 gram.

Mycelium growth occurs apically (only at the apex). In fungi, a non-cellular (coenotic) mycelium is distinguished, devoid of intercellular septa and representing a huge cell with a large number of nuclei, characteristic of zygomycetes, as well as a cellular (septate) mycelium with intercellular septa (denoted by the term septa) and both one and many nuclei in a separate cage. The mycelium of actinomycetes does not have nuclei and can either disintegrate into individual cells or remain unified.

Septa can have simple or complex pores. Simple ones are characteristic of ascomycetes. Complex pores are often accompanied by buckles - hook-like outgrowths near the septa, connected to one cell and approaching an adjacent one. In this case, the cell has two nuclei and the mycelium of the fungus is called dikaryotic. It is typical for Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes. Buckles play an important role in cell division.

Fruiting bodies of basidiomycetes are formed by parenchyma false tissue, consisting of densely intertwined mycelium hyphae and differing from real tissue in that the real tissue is formed during cell division in three directions, and the false one - in one. In basidiomycetes, the mycelium is often perennial, in other fungi it is annual.

Films - dense flat plexuses of hyphae, of various sizes, thicknesses, light shades, serve to attach the flesh to the substrate. They break down enzymes to cellulose and absorb it.

The cords are fused filamentous hyphae of the fungus. For the attachment of the substrate and its distribution. There are shortly branched or long highly branched.

Rhizomorphs - powerful cords up to 5 meters, consist of dark dense outer filaments of hyphae and inner light loose cords.

Rhizoctonia are thin air cords. Serve for attachment and distribution.

Sclerotia - very dense plexuses of hyphae contain many filamentous branches. Sclerotia are often formed from the fruiting of the fungus. Serve to endure adverse conditions.

Stromas are flat dense accretions with the tissue of the host plant. Serves to preserve the spores of the fungus.

Fruit body - serves for the formation of spore bearing of the fungus.


Grain mycelium growing technology

Growing mycelium from grain at home is a technology that is very popular among mushroom pickers. Grain mycelium of mushrooms is most often made in specially equipped laboratories, but the manufacturing technology does not require special material costs and efforts. Consider how to make it at home. There is no single scheme for making mycelium at home, everyone simply uses the technology that suits best.

The simplest technique is as follows:

  • pour the grain into a large saucepan or aluminum basin and fill it with water so that the grains are covered by 2-3 cm
  • put on the stove and boil for 30 minutes
  • remove, filter and dry on a flat flat surface
  • we put grain in jars by 2/4
  • sterilize jars in a large saucepan
  • the jars should cool, then put a small amount of mycelium in each one.

You will notice the first signs of mycelium growth in three days - white fluff will appear, but the really mycelium will become noticeable in a week. After another week, the mycelium can be sown on straw and start growing mushrooms.

Important! Before planting the mycelium in the nutrient medium, it must be disinfected, and all manipulations are best carried out under the light of a quartz lamp to prevent microbial contamination of the mycelium.


Where to get mushroom substrate?

As a starting material, you need to take pieces of the fruiting body of the fungus and place them in a sterile nutrient medium in a test tube, seal tightly and set the container at an angle.

The nutrient medium for the mycelium is a substrate of agar with beer wort, oat broth or carrot extract. The mixture of nutrients is pre-sterilized for an hour. Mushroom growers often fail to make homemade uterine mycelium. This is due to the fact that uterine material, by definition, must be obtained under absolutely sterile conditions, and all disinfection, including instruments, is carried out in autoclaves.


Mycelium or mycelium of mushrooms: what is it and what does it look like, how to grow it in the country and at home?

Growing mushrooms at home is very popular. The simplicity of technology and low cost allow you to grow mushroom anywhere - on the balcony, in the garage, basement or in the country. Experienced hobbyists know that a high-quality mycelium for a high yield is just as important as a good seedling for growing vegetables. What is mycelium? Is it possible to grow it at home, and what is needed for this?

Mycelium or mycelium of mushrooms: what is it?

What is mycelium can be understood by understanding how a mushroom lives in symbiosis with a tree. Most of the cells of the filamentous fungus are located below the surface of the earth. The mycelium consists of thin filaments that entangle the roots of plants. From time to time, he throws his reproductive organ to the surface - the fruit body, which we value for its taste, smell and useful properties.

The mycelium is also called mycelium. It is a complex system of fine filamentous structures (hyphae). In forests, the filaments of the mycelium and the roots of the plant together form a single system, which is a symbiosis. You can see how it looks in the photo below.Sometimes hyphae are joined together, such a structure looks like a plant and is called a fruit body.

There are several types of mushrooms in nature. Their fungal mycelium differs in its structure.

If the hyphae form partitions (septa) between the segments, thereby forming a multinucleated system, then the mycelium entangling plant roots is called septate mycelium.

In the absence of partitions, the entire system is one giant mononuclear cell. Most of the mushrooms cultivated by humans have septic mycelium.

What types of mycelium are there?

For the cultivation of mushrooms, a special seed is needed. There are several types of fungal mycelium suitable for breeding:

  • uterine - produced in laboratory conditions, by the method of removing strains in test tubes
  • pieces of fruit body, prepared in a special way
  • sowing - spores collected in the cultivated area from the fertile caps of mushrooms.

There are three main forms of mushroom mycelium commercially available: grain, substrate, and liquid. Each of them can be used for cultivation. By adhering to the appropriate technology, you can get any shape at home. It is most difficult to grow a liquid substance due to the special requirements for sterility. Substrate mycelium has a longer shelf life than grain mycelium.

Main cultivation methods

The highest quality mycelium is obtained in the laboratory. It is called uterine. From the uterine septic mycelium, it is easy to obtain such an amount of material that will be enough for the mushroom grower. From mycelial sowing, the harvest of mushrooms is obtained. Main cultivation methods:

  • Grain. Boil a grain of wheat or barley in water, the duration of cooking is one hour. Dry material and fill container (jar or plastic bag) halfway. Sterilize the resulting kit and inoculate the mother material into it. After two weeks, the grain will be covered with a white fluffy bloom. These are grain filamentous fungi.
  • Substrate. For this method, you need to take the compost prepared for growing mushrooms, fill it with a glass jar 2/3. Make a hole in the substrate for sowing, roll up the jar with a metal lid, pre-cutting a hole with a diameter of 2 cm in it, and sterilize everything together. Then, through the hole in the lid with disinfected instruments, the uterine mycelium is placed into the hole in the compost. To close the hole in the lid, you need to make a stopper of sterile cotton or gauze in advance.

Where to get mushroom substrate?

As a starting material, you need to take pieces of the fruiting body of the fungus and place them in a sterile nutrient medium in a test tube, seal tightly and set the container at an angle.

The nutrient medium for the mycelium is a substrate of agar with beer wort, oat broth or carrot extract. The mixture of nutrients is pre-sterilized for an hour.

Often, mushroom growers fail to make homemade uterine mycelium.

This is due to the fact that uterine material, by definition, must be obtained under absolutely sterile conditions, and all disinfection, including instruments, is carried out in autoclaves.

Cultivation technology at their summer cottage

To grow mushrooms in a summer cottage, you need to choose a place in which conditions will be created that meet the requirements of the biology of the fungus. For the growing season of mycelium and fruit formation, the following criteria must be met:

  • temperature range at which the mycelium is able to form its structure and fruiting body - +12 - +20 degrees
  • air humidity - not less than 70%
  • forced removal of carbon dioxide (ventilation system), the excess of which mushrooms cannot tolerate
  • high-quality nutrient substrate containing cellulose, a high level of organic elements and calcium, saturated with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, the reaction of the substrate is slightly alkaline.

Preparation and processing of the substrate

For each type of mushroom (oyster mushroom, champignon, white), there are recipes for preparing a nutrient substrate in which the culture will be cultivated. Common to all cultivated mushrooms is the following:

  • the substrate is prepared by composting a mixture of initial components, during the preparation process, the raw material undergoes biological fermentation, as a result of which cellulose and mineral elements are converted into a substance available for absorption by mushroom hyphae, the resulting product is called compost
  • due to the fact that in nature the filaments of mycelium interact with the roots of trees, the composition of the compost necessarily includes plant materials containing cellulose - straw, sunflower husk, flax fire, sawdust of deciduous trees
  • nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium) must be presented in organic form, horse manure is considered the best fertilizer for mushroom compost, but it can be replaced with cow or poultry droppings (the yield will be lower)
  • additives of chlorine-containing fertilizers are excluded, as well as watering of compost and mycelium with tap water
  • the finished compost must have a slightly alkaline reaction.

It takes 28 days to prepare the compost. The technology for making mushroom compost includes the following stages:

  • Soak. In a separate container, pour straw, hay, fire with water and leave for 3-5 days before overheating.
  • Composting. Put soaked straw and manure in layers in a pile or a special composter box. Pour warm water over each layer. In total, up to 8 layers are allowed.
  • After 3-4 days, add mineral fertilizers to the resulting stack, mix everything.
  • The compost should be shovelled every 4 days.
  • When the substrate is completely ready, add alabaster, gypsum or chalk to it.

How to plant mycelium correctly?

Oyster mushrooms and champignons are grown in different ways: oyster mushrooms can be bred on stumps at their summer cottage, and mushrooms - on ridges, in boxes or bags. For champignons, the rules for laying a mycelium are as follows:

  • load compost heated to 27 degrees into containers, with a layer of 30 cm
  • dig holes on the surface at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other
  • pour a thin layer of grain mycelium into the holes, compost - handfuls of tennis ball
  • sprinkle the mycelium with soil 1-2 cm high
  • cover the box with plastic wrap
  • after 2 weeks, a white coating in the form of threads will appear under the film
  • remove the film and cover the surface 4-5 cm with moss, soil or straw.

In order to grow oyster mushrooms, you need to pick up a few slightly spoiled stumps with tree roots in damp shade. A place near a well or garden pond is suitable. Mycelium is poured into the cuts on the stumps and around the stumps, and all this is covered with a mixture of earth and humus.

Growing at home

If you have a desire to grow mushrooms at home or in the country, you need to take care of a room in which you can create the conditions described above. Many mushroom growers make a special rack system for growing mushrooms, which saves space.

Culture media options

The easiest way is to buy ready-made compost at an agricultural store. There are many recipes for self-cooking substrate. Below is a basic recipe in which you can replace ingredients with analogs and vary the recipe:

  • 100 kg of straw (rye or wheat)
  • 75-100 kg of horse manure
  • 15 kg of plaster
  • 2 kg of urea
  • 2 kg superphosphate
  • 5 kg of chalk
  • 300-400 liters of water.

Features of the home technique

At home, you should definitely take care of the preliminary disinfection of the room. Before doing mycelial sowing, you need to spray the walls and floor with copper sulfate, lime or formalin. When preparing uterine mycelium on your own, it is most important to maintain the sterility of the medium and instruments.

Tips for Successful Mycelium Growing

Making healthy material is not easy. In the first stages, almost all mushroom growers experience mistakes and failures. It is difficult not to plant spores, but to ensure the symbiosis of hyphae with plants.

It is worth trying to first grow the required amount of grain mycelium from the finished uterine, and only then begin to master the complex process of sowing fungal spores.

To combat diseases, you need to regularly identify them on the substrate and, when signs of disease appear, remove the diseased segment.


Mycelium or mycelium of mushrooms: what is it and what does it look like, how to grow it in the country and at home?

Growing mushrooms at home is very popular. The simplicity of technology and low cost allow you to grow mushroom anywhere - on the balcony, in the garage, basement or in the country. Experienced hobbyists know that a high-quality mycelium for a high yield is just as important as a good seedling for growing vegetables. What is mycelium? Is it possible to grow it at home, and what is needed for this?

Mycelium or mycelium of mushrooms: what is it?

What is mycelium can be understood by understanding how a mushroom lives in symbiosis with a tree. Most of the cells of the filamentous fungus are located below the surface of the earth. The mycelium consists of thin filaments that entangle the roots of plants. From time to time, he throws his reproductive organ to the surface - the fruit body, which we value for its taste, smell and useful properties.

The mycelium is also called mycelium. It is a complex system of fine filamentous structures (hyphae). In forests, the filaments of the mycelium and the roots of the plant together form a single system, which is a symbiosis. You can see how it looks in the photo below. Sometimes hyphae are joined together, such a structure looks like a plant and is called a fruit body.

There are several types of mushrooms in nature. Their fungal mycelium differs in its structure. If the hyphae form partitions (septa) between the segments, thereby forming a multinucleated system, then the mycelium entangling plant roots is called septate mycelium. In the absence of partitions, the entire system is one giant mononuclear cell. Most of the mushrooms cultivated by humans have septic mycelium.

What types of mycelium are there?

For the cultivation of mushrooms, a special seed is needed. There are several types of fungal mycelium suitable for breeding:

  • uterine - produced in laboratory conditions, by the method of removing strains in test tubes
  • pieces of fruit body, prepared in a special way
  • sowing - spores collected in the cultivated area from the fertile caps of mushrooms.

There are three main forms of mushroom mycelium commercially available: grain, substrate, and liquid. Each of them can be used for cultivation. By adhering to the appropriate technology, you can get any shape at home. It is most difficult to grow a liquid substance due to the special requirements for sterility. Substrate mycelium has a longer shelf life than grain mycelium.

Main cultivation methods

The highest quality mycelium is obtained in the laboratory. It is called uterine. From the uterine septic mycelium, it is easy to obtain such an amount of material that will be enough for the mushroom grower. From mycelial sowing, the harvest of mushrooms is obtained. Main cultivation methods:

  • Grain. Boil a grain of wheat or barley in water, the duration of cooking is one hour. Dry material and fill container (jar or plastic bag) halfway. Sterilize the resulting kit and inoculate the mother material into it. After two weeks, the grain will be covered with a white fluffy bloom. These are grain filamentous fungi.
  • Substrate. For this method, you need to take the compost prepared for growing mushrooms, fill it with a glass jar 2/3. Make a hole in the substrate for sowing, roll up the jar with a metal lid, pre-cutting a hole with a diameter of 2 cm in it, and sterilize everything together. Then, through the hole in the lid with disinfected instruments, the uterine mycelium is placed into the hole in the compost. To close the hole in the lid, you need to make a stopper of sterile cotton or gauze in advance.

Where to get mushroom substrate?

As a starting material, you need to take pieces of the fruiting body of the fungus and place them in a sterile nutrient medium in a test tube, seal tightly and set the container at an angle.

The nutrient medium for the mycelium is a substrate of agar with beer wort, oat broth or carrot extract. The mixture of nutrients is pre-sterilized for an hour. Often, mushroom growers fail to make homemade uterine mycelium. This is due to the fact that uterine material, by definition, must be obtained under absolutely sterile conditions, and all disinfection, including instruments, is carried out in autoclaves.

Cultivation technology at their summer cottage

To grow mushrooms in a summer cottage, you need to choose a place in which conditions will be created that meet the requirements of the biology of the fungus. For the growing season of mycelium and fruit formation, the following criteria must be met:

  • temperature range at which the mycelium is able to form its structure and fruiting body - +12 - +20 degrees
  • air humidity - not less than 70%
  • forced removal of carbon dioxide (ventilation system), the excess of which mushrooms cannot tolerate
  • high-quality nutrient substrate containing cellulose, a high level of organic elements and calcium, saturated with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, the reaction of the substrate is slightly alkaline.

Preparation and processing of the substrate

For each type of mushroom (oyster mushroom, champignon, white), there are recipes for preparing a nutrient substrate in which the culture will be cultivated. Common to all cultivated mushrooms is the following:

  • the substrate is prepared by composting a mixture of initial components, during the preparation process, the raw material undergoes biological fermentation, as a result of which cellulose and mineral elements are converted into a substance available for absorption by mushroom hyphae, the resulting product is called compost
  • due to the fact that in nature the filaments of mycelium interact with the roots of trees, the composition of the compost necessarily includes plant materials containing cellulose - straw, sunflower husk, flax fire, sawdust of deciduous trees
  • nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium) must be presented in organic form, horse manure is considered the best fertilizer for mushroom compost, but it can be replaced with cow or poultry droppings (the yield will be lower)
  • additives of chlorine-containing fertilizers are excluded, as well as watering of compost and mycelium with tap water
  • the finished compost must have a slightly alkaline reaction.

It takes 28 days to prepare the compost. The technology for making mushroom compost includes the following stages:

  • Soak. In a separate container, pour straw, hay, fire with water and leave for 3-5 days before overheating.
  • Composting. Put soaked straw and manure in layers in a pile or a special composter box. Pour warm water over each layer. In total, up to 8 layers are allowed.
  • After 3-4 days, add mineral fertilizers to the resulting stack, mix everything.
  • The compost should be shovelled every 4 days.
  • When the substrate is completely ready, add alabaster, gypsum or chalk to it.

How to plant mycelium correctly?

Oyster mushrooms and champignons are grown in different ways: oyster mushrooms can be bred on stumps at their summer cottage, and mushrooms - on ridges, in boxes or bags. For champignons, the rules for laying a mycelium are as follows:

  • load compost heated to 27 degrees into containers, with a layer of 30 cm
  • dig holes on the surface at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other
  • pour a thin layer of grain mycelium into the holes, compost - handfuls of tennis ball
  • sprinkle the mycelium with soil 1-2 cm high
  • cover the box with plastic wrap
  • after 2 weeks, a white coating in the form of threads will appear under the film
  • remove the film and cover the surface 4-5 cm with moss, soil or straw.

In order to grow oyster mushrooms, you need to pick up a few slightly spoiled stumps with tree roots in damp shade. A place near a well or garden pond is suitable. Mycelium is poured into the cuts on the stumps and around the stumps, and all this is covered with a mixture of earth and humus.

Growing at home

If you have a desire to grow mushrooms at home or in the country, you need to take care of a room in which you can create the conditions described above. Many mushroom growers make a special rack system for growing champignons, which saves space.

Culture media options

The easiest way is to buy ready-made compost in an agricultural store. There are many recipes for self-cooking substrate. Below is a basic recipe in which you can replace ingredients with analogues and vary the recipe:

  • 100 kg of straw (rye or wheat)
  • 75-100 kg of horse manure
  • 15 kg of plaster
  • 2 kg of urea
  • 2 kg superphosphate
  • 5 kg of chalk
  • 300-400 liters of water.

Features of the home technique

At home, you should definitely take care of the preliminary disinfection of the room. Before doing mycelial sowing, you need to spray the walls and floor with copper sulfate, lime or formalin. When preparing uterine mycelium on your own, it is most important to maintain the sterility of the medium and instruments.

Helpful Tips for Successful Mycelium Growing

Making healthy material is not easy. In the first stages, almost all mushroom growers experience mistakes and failures. It is difficult not to plant spores, but to ensure the symbiosis of hyphae with plants. It is worth trying to first grow the required amount of grain mycelium from the finished uterine, and only then begin to master the complex process of sowing fungal spores. To combat diseases, you need to regularly identify them on the substrate and, when signs of disease appear, remove the diseased segment.

I have been growing mushrooms for many years. Always bought ready-made grain mycelium online. I tried to grow it myself, but the result was not very good. Now I realized where I was wrong. I will try again.

I have never done such a thing! But now I'm very interested, my wife and I decided to buy a cottage, there will be where to turn around, the plans are just mushroom cultivation. I have no experience, but I will study. The article just helped to assess my capabilities!


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