The herbaceous perennial bulbous plant Ledebouria is considered a member of the Liliaceae family. It is distinguished by a rather high endurance, but despite this, in culture, in most cases it is grown at home. Ledeburia is native to South Africa, where it is found mainly in regions with tropical climates.
This plant has many varieties, but all of them have long lily leaf plates. Each bush is decorated with a large number of dense leaf rosettes, while their color can be very different (depending on the variety): from emerald green to burgundy purple stripes and silvery-gray in spots of green to solid green.
During flowering, the bush is decorated with racemose inflorescences, which are located on high powerful peduncles. Each inflorescence consists of several dozen small bell-shaped flowers, which can be colored purple, pale green or deep pink.
Ledeburia is characterized by slow growth: within 1 year, 3 new leaf plates grow in it. Flowering begins in the last days of spring and lasts until the end of August. This perennial is undemanding and unpretentious, so even an inexperienced florist can easily grow it.
LEDBURIA SCILLA PURPLE
As a rule, indoor ledeburia begins to bloom in mid-April. From the centers of many small leaf rosettes, powerful long peduncles grow, on the tops of which inflorescences are formed in the shape of a brush. Each inflorescence contains a large number of small bell-shaped flowers, which, depending on the variety, can be pinkish-purple, pale green or purple.
During the growing season, Ledeburia feels best at an air temperature of 18 to 20 degrees. Moreover, during the rest period, the air temperature should be within 14 degrees.
Make sure that the room is not too cold, as this can cause rot on the bulb and the death of the entire plant. The risk of bulb rotting increases with excessive watering.
Ledeburia grows well with moderate humidity in the room. However, dry indoor air will not harm her either. The plant responds perfectly to moistening the leaves from a spray bottle; for this, clean water is used, the temperature of which is close to room temperature. Moisten the bush once every 7 days.
In order for the color of the foliage to be saturated, and the flowering lush and systematic, the plant must receive a large amount of bright and diffused light. Remember to protect it from direct sunlight. For this flower, an eastern, southern or western window sill is best suited.
Particular attention should be paid to watering the ledeburia. In the warm season, the soil mixture in the pot should be moistened moderately (about once every 5-7 days), while between waterings it should have time to dry out. In winter, the plant should be watered more rarely (once every 15–20 days).
Remember that watering the flower too abundantly or often cannot be done in winter or summer, as this can cause rot on the bulbs.
For home ledeburia, a large, wide pot with drainage holes at the bottom is best. They will help to avoid stagnation of liquid in the soil mixture.
This flower feels great in a purchased potting soil mixture for bulbous plants. If you wish, you can prepare the substrate with your own hands, for this you need to combine perlite (river sand), humus (leafy soil or peat) and garden soil. All components are taken in equal parts. Remember that the substrate must be loose and well-drained.
Often it is not necessary to feed ledeburia growing in indoor conditions. Top dressing is carried out only during the growing season with a frequency of 1 every 4 weeks. For this, any liquid mineral complex fertilizer for flowering plants is suitable, and you need to use ½ the dosage indicated on the package.
Transplant a flower only when it is really necessary. For example, with an excessive deterioration in the quality of the soil mixture or if the root system has ceased to fit into the pot. As a rule, the plant is transplanted once every three years, while adult bushes are subjected to this procedure even less often.
Please note that when planting the bulbs in a new container, it is forbidden to burrow it completely into the substrate. This can lead to the appearance of rot on it, as a result of which the ledeburia may die.
Ledeburia, transplant and care
Indoor Ledeburia can be grown from seeds if desired. They are sown in a mixture of sand and peat in early spring. In this case, the seeds are simply spread over the surface of the substrate, without falling asleep from above and without deepening. From above, the container should be covered with a transparent film or glass. When sowing fresh seed, the first seedlings should appear after 2-3 weeks. Remember that seeds lose their germination rather quickly, so if they are old, then it is better not to sow them.
Seedlings are characterized by slow growth, therefore, their picking in separate small pots is carried out only after 4-8 weeks.
During active growth, the parent bush forms a large number of daughter bulbs. During transplantation, the bulbs can be separated from the mother plant, after which they are planted in separate small pots. Bulbs should be buried only ½ part into the substrate. In case of successful rooting of the bulbs, young leaf plates should appear on them after 15–20 days.
With ledeburia, problems can arise only if you regularly make mistakes in care. Most often, the plant has the following problems:
This compact flower has lush rosettes consisting of fleshy and long leaf plates. The leaves are painted in green-silver color, and they are decorated with a large number of dark green specks of various shapes. On tall, strong peduncles, inflorescences are formed, consisting of several dozen pale green small, star-shaped flowers.
The foliage of this undersized plant is wide and elongated, and it is painted greenish. There are a large number of dark green spots on its surface. Brush-shaped inflorescences rise on powerful long peduncles. The petals of the small flowers are deep purple in color, while they are surrounded by green sepals.
It is a semi-leafy miniature variety. Erect leaf plates are painted in a greenish-emerald hue, and are decorated with thin purple stripes that run along the entire length of the leaf. The lush inflorescences include a large number of rich pink small flowers with long stamens of a yellow-lemon hue.
Ledeburia (scilla) blooms
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Ledeburia owes its name to the 19th century botanist, originally from Germany, Karl Friedrich von Ledebur (1785–1851), who was also engaged in pedagogy and travel, and was in the service of the Russian state. At the same time, he studied the vegetation of the Altai Territory and the flora of vascular plants. Even one of the mountains in Altai bears his name in memory of this explorer.
In the culture of flower growers, Ledeburia is valued because of the attractive color of the spotted foliage and inflorescences in the form of clusters, consisting of small flowers that have the shape of barrels. All species are perennials with bulbs, which gradually grow, create dense clumps (groups of the same type of plants) through the formed colonies of daughter bulbs. The color of the bulb is pale purple, but chocolate or purple tones may be present. The shape of the bulb takes on an elongated elliptical, elliptical or spherical shape. The bulb in some varieties is completely hidden under the surface of the soil, while in others it is on top of it. Thin whitish roots extend from the bulb itself. The height of the entire plant rarely exceeds 20 cm.
Sheet plates with a smooth surface, upright. They can take lanceolate, broad-lanceolate or elliptical contours. A rather dense near-root (root) rosette is assembled from them. The leaves are shaded in a bright silver, silvery-greenish color scheme. The entire surface is decorated with a pattern of dark specks, which also have a purple to dark green tone. Sometimes there are stripes on the surface that run along the entire sheet plate. The typical color becomes more intense depending on the light level. The color of the lower leaves is most often purple, while the upper ones are cast in silver with greenery, there may also be an olive or purple tint. The length of the leaf usually ranges from 10-13 cm with a width of about 5 cm.
In the process of flowering, a flower arrow forms in Ledeburia, which rises 25 cm above the rosette of leaves. The flower-bearing stem is usually non-leafy. The peduncle is crowned with a racemose inflorescence, which can be composed of 20-50 buds. The shape of the flowers themselves is bell-shaped or in the form of a barrel. Occasionally they resemble lily of the valley flowers. The petals in the corolla are fused, their color is pink, lilac or purple. The flower length varies from 4 to 6 mm. The flowering process occurs in the spring and summer. Regardless of the color and type of flowers, the flowering itself is of little value.
The growth rate of Ledeburia is rather low. So every year she has only 2-3 new leaves. However, if you do not violate the rules for caring for this South African plant, then it can delight with its foliage up to 10 years.