The extraordinary properties of amaranth, or shiritsa, have been known for more than eight millennia. Then it was grown as a grain and vegetable crop and used for food. Now the plant is successfully used in landscape design.
The Greek name amaranth translates as unfading, and indeed, this plant blooms with beautiful lush panicles all summer, and in late autumn its spikelets form interesting shapes with spherical seed pods that look no worse than the inflorescences themselves.
In the design of landscape design, 4 varieties of decorative amaranth are used:
Since amaranth is undemanding to the soil, it gets along on almost any soil and does not need regular maintenance, it can be safely planted in moderately arid areas. Because of these convenient qualities, landscape designers are very fond of using the plant to design park areas, squares and personal plots.
Most of the shiritsa bushes are rather large in size, which must be taken into account when decorating the landscape. Tall amaranth varieties are suitable for large flower arrangements and are also good as tapeworms.
Hanging branches of a tailed or sad amaranth will look very impressive in a hedge, however, like other decorative widths.
With the help of this magnificent plant, you can decorate flower beds, in addition, amaranth is in good harmony with perennial and annual flowering crops, as well as with some ornamental shrubs.
You can use this unpretentious plant in any plantings, for example, on flower beds in parks and squares, flower beds, borders, mixborders and naturgardens. Against the background of the lawn grass, the scythe will stand out with its original color, creating bright accents.
At the summer cottage, tall shiritsa bushes will cover the walls of buildings or unsightly barriers.
And decorative leafy amaranth tricolor will decorate any flower bed or border.
In addition to decorative use in landscape design, amaranth is actively used in cooking, especially in oriental cuisine. The seeds, leaves and stems of this plant are extremely beneficial for our body. In the perfumery industry, oil from the seeds of the squid is added to perfumes and eau de toilette, and bridal bouquets are often decorated with beautiful inflorescences-panicles. This unique plant has so many faces that it is simply impossible to leave it unattended!
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Seed propagation is one of the most convenient ways to get a beautiful and unassuming annual.
Features of growing technology:
It is recommended to plant young mass seedlings in separate seedling containers. Diving is carried out after the appearance of three or four true leaves on the bore. After transplanting, it is advisable to pinch the apical part of the growth point, which will allow the root system of the plant to quickly and well become stronger. Planting seedlings to a permanent place in open ground is carried out, as a rule, in the first decade of May. If necessary, a temporary film cover is used.
After sufficient heating of the soil, planting is carried out in open ground. The growing area should have good lighting and good drainage. Preference should be given to light and nutritious soils. The volunteer is extremely difficult to tolerate low temperature conditions, as well as waterlogging of the soil, which must be taken into account when choosing a place for growing.
At the preparatory stage, the soil must be dug onto a shovel bayonet with the simultaneous introduction of 20 g of nitroammofoska for each square meter of the flower garden. Depending on the varietal and species characteristics, the planting and cultivation scheme may vary. The average distance between them should be about 10-30 cm, while maintaining a distance between the rows of 45-70 cm. Immediately after planting, for about a couple of weeks, you need to carefully monitor the soil moisture indicators.
During the first month, seedlings are characterized by very slow growth and development, therefore, at this stage of amaranth, it is necessary to provide full care, consisting in watering, weeding and loosening the soil. At the stage of activation of growth processes, irrigation should be rather rare, only in very dry periods. Top dressing is carried out three to four times per season. For this purpose, it is recommended to use a solution based on mullein, diluted in a ratio of 1: 5 and wood ash at the rate of a glass to a bucket of water.
In order to prevent plant parasites, the aboveground part of the garden culture is treated with drugs such as Actellik or Fufanon. To prevent the defeat of fungal diseases, it is allowed to use "colloidal sulfur", "Copper sulfate" and "Copper oxychloride" for spraying ornamental garden plants. Processing is carried out in dry and calm weather.