There olive tree borer it is also known as margaronia. Its scientific names are two, namely Palpita vitrealis is Palpita unionalis. It is a very common parasite in Italian olive growing areas. Its presence is of concern, as it can damage both the vegetation of the olive trees than the drupes, or olives. The insect, even if it has nocturnal habits, is easy to recognize at the adult stage, since the butterfly has a very particular appearance. The damage, however, is not done by the butterfly, but mostly by the larvae in their various stages of growth.
In this article we get to know this parasite of the olive tree better, we study its biological cycle and understand how to intervene to eliminate it from the olive grove.
The olive borer is indicated with the entomological nomenclature of Palpita vitrealis (Rossi) or with the synonym of Palpita unionalis (Hubner).
It is an insect of the order of Lepidoptera, family Crambidae, subfamily Spilomelinae. Sometimes, it is called green olive moth, but it is a wrong name and risks confusing margaronia with olive moth (Prays Oleae).
The adult butterfly of the olive borer has a characteristic slender shape, with a wingspan of 2.5 to 3 cm. Its appearance is somewhat reminiscent of that of the Anglo-French Concorde aircraft. The wings are white, transparent and bright, with pearly reflections. They have a hazel-colored front margin. Male specimens are distinguished from females by the presence of a tuft of elongated scales at the point where the abdomen ends.
The larvae of the olive margaronia go through six stages of development. As soon as they are born, they are slightly larger than the egg that contained them. The color is yellowish, with a body provided with bristles, located on black tubercles.
When they are mature, they have a small head, with the rest of the body gradually swollen up to the center and then narrowed again to the caudal end. The color is bright green, with a yellowish head. When fully developed, they measure about 2 cm in length. Later, when it is about to turn into a chrysalis, it shortens and swells, turning towards brown.
There Palpita vitrealis it does not live only against the olive trees. Other host plants, typical of our Mediterranean scrub, are: olive, strawberry tree, privet, mastic, jasmine, ash, tree heather.
On the olive tree, the damage of the borer is more significant, as it can be damaged both the vegetation and the ripening olives. The damage is done by the larvae at different age stages. These practice erosions on the leaves, concentrating on the new apical shoots, especially those of suckers and suckers.
The fourth age larvae can erode the drupe, sometimes even exposing the core.
The margaronia overwinters at the larva stage and in our latitudes it can make up to 5 generations in a year (Central and Southern Italy). The first flight of adults occurs in early spring, with butterflies mating at night.
Each female can lay a very variable number of eggs (from 86 to 1200). These are laid in small groups, on both leaf pages and following the median rib of the olive leaf. Depending on the temperatures, we will have an incubation time of 3 to 30 days, which is why the stages of development and the different generations often overlap.
The larvae live in groups on the leaves, building shelters of silky threads and feeding on the most tender apicals. As they grow, they separate, living isolated in the vegetation and continuing to erode the leaf blade.
The sixth-age larva gathers 2-3 leaves, between which it weaves a silky white cocoon within which it incrisalida. The transformation into a butterfly takes place at different times, depending on the temperatures.
To protect the olive trees from margaronia, first of all it is necessary to ensure a high level of biodiversity in theolive grove. The moth has several natural enemies, especially among calcidoid hymenoptera is parasitoid diptera.
Even pruning and balanced fertilization, by limiting the vigor of new shoots, avoid large infestations. Much attention must be paid to the periodic cleaning of the suckers, as these are among the preferred stems of the borer.
Among the various biological remedies against parasites, the most effective against the olive borer is the bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstarki. Young larvae are those on which the product is most effective, so a good time to do the treatment is summer, when different larval stages overlap. The wetting of the vegetation must be uniform and abundant, done in the evening hours of the day. Bacillus thuringiensis acts by ingestion, so it is necessary for the larva to eat wet leaves. In organic olive growing it is also used for olive moth and you can buy here, without the need for the license required for the purchase of plant protection products.
Organic Cultivation is a blog that was born from our desire to spread the good practices of organic farming. To do this we decided to give our knowledge to anyone who wants to get involved and create their own vegetable garden (even using a terrace or a simple balcony). Growing without the use of pesticides is possible and we want to prove it by presenting alternatives biological and effective for any type of problem linked to agriculture.
Condition: New product
Flint Max it's a fungicide in hydrodsuspensible granules with a broad spectrum of action for the protection of the olive tree, the vine and many horticultural and fruit crops. 500 g pack (based on trifloxystrobin 25% e tebuconazole 50 %)
Warning: Last items in stock!
Tweet Share Google+ Pinterest
By buying this product you can collect up to 7 loyalty points. The total of your cart 7 loyalty points can be converted into a € 1.05 voucher.
Unlike the infamous red weevil, which is a beetle, the moth in question is a large butterfly with colorful wings that is completely harmless in this phase, but in the juvenile caterpillar phase it is responsible for serious damage, often irreversible, on our palms that seem just not being able to make peace with the ornamental and historical palms of our country both for those of nursery production. Paysandisia infests palm plants having a stem with a diameter greater than 5 cm belonging to the genera: Brahea Mart., Butia Becc., Chamaerops L., Jubaea Kunth, Livistona R. Br., Phoenix L., Sabal Adans. , Syagrus Mart., Trachycarpus H. Wendl Palm butterfly. The attacks of the larva of this butterfly are extremely devastating, like those of the larva of the red weevil, and cause the damage that unfortunately we know well: oozing of brown and viscous liquid, drying of the crown. Moths in the wood of a palm tree: the new killer comes from Brazil (BATCH) It is palm emergency on Lake Garda: the monitoring of the agronomists detect hundreds of dead plants on the Riviera da. Palms emerges on Lake Garda: around a thousand palms have died in the last three years due to a new parasite commonly known as the large moth "
Special emergency palm moth (Paysandisia) PALM EMERGENCY. The finds of Paysandisia archon in the palms of the Garda coast are now widespread. Defense is difficult and requires perfect knowledge of palm biology, parasite and plant medicine. Other Danger Diseases. The palm killer returns to the cabinet in which it is kept. Not far from the Parnassius mnemosyne guccinii, a butterfly discovered in '92 by Giovanni Sala on the Emilian Apennines and dedicated by him to his favorite singer-songwriter. But that's another story. Enzo Gallotta. Read here the GdB on newsstands ogg special palm protection The 2019 campaign for the phytosanitary defense of palm trees against the Argentine moth (Paysandisia archon) is starting. The interventions are performed with insecticide injections in an alcoholic solution at 95 ° directly into the central vascular system of the palms
Paysandisia Archon (The castnid of the palms - giant palm moth) Beautiful but maleficent moth of considerable size, whose wingspan can reach 9-11 cm and whose flight is distinctly perceptible by the noise emitted by the beating of the wings The vine moth (Eupoecilia ambiguella (Hübner, 1796)) is a moth belonging to the Tortricidae family, subfamily Tortricinae, Cochylini tribeWith another tortricide, the vine moth (Lobesia botrana), forms the group of carpophagous phytophages of greatest importance in the context of adversities of the vine, although occupying the same ecological niche as the moth. NEMASYS C CBC (Europe) s.r.l. Biogard Steinernema carpocapsae (50 and 250 mln and 1.5 billion) Anarsia (Anarsia lineatella), Carpocapsa (Cydia pomonella), Plum Cidia (Cydia funebra-na), Cidia or Oriental moth (Cydia molesta), Paysandisia archon, Red palm weevil of the palms (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus), Lepidoptera, Fruit borer (Euzophera bigella), Coleotter
The most serious infestations have been reported in particular on various houseplants (especially dracenae and various indoor palms such as Chamaedorea) and flowering bulbous plants (hyppeastrum, narcissus, tulips, hyacinths, saintpaulia, gloxinia,). The mature female usually ovips at the points of attachment of the leaves to the stem. Biological and Agronomic Characteristics. NAME: it can be indicative of the probable origin of the cultivar from the island of Majorca or of the custom of using the fronds of these plants on the occasion of Palm Sunday PALMS Against red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus), treat the foliage in the presence of the parasite in public places distribute preferably at night, in order to avoid possible contamination to people and / or animals. Use low pressure equipment to avoid the risk of product drift Those who practice organic farming, for the management of parasites of fruit trees and vegetable crops, use only and exclusively products permitted by the Community directives in force. Among these are pheromone traps. Insects capable of emitting pheromones do so through the exocrine glands. These release their contents towards the external environment. Cruciferous moth Plutella xylostella. Castnide of the palms Paysandisia archon. Moth of the ornamental Opogona sacchari. Nocturnal Cauliflower Mamestra brassicae. Helicoverpa armigera cotton elotide. Duponchelia fovealis Duponchelia fovealis. Tortricide of cyclamen Clepsis spectrana
Pest Research. This section collects scientific information on pests. In particular, each pest is presented according to the taxonomic classification, the morphology description, the biology and behavior, the environments frequented and the damage it can cause in case of spread. Against Oriental peach moth, Anarsia and plum cidia (Cydia molesta, Anarsia lineatella, Cydia funebrana), treat the hatching of the eggs with doses of 80-120 ml / hl, depending on the level of infestation (minimum of 1200 ml / ha ). Repeat the treatments at intervals of 7-10 days Maxi Zeuco. For the monitoring of: Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Pine processionary), Spodoptera littoralis, Helicoverpa armigera, Mamestra brassicae and Noctuids in general. For the mass capture of: Lepidoptera such as Cossus cossus (red hairpin), Zeuzera pyrina (yellow hairpin). see product
. The wingspan is 15-16 mm. The larva is usually whitish and measures 7-21 mm. Polyphagous species, it infests a very large quantity of dry food substances of vegetable origin (rarely. Pheromone traps: how they work and against which insects they can be used. From flies to garden parasites, here is all the information on the pheromone trap. pheromones can be very useful for the control of insects harmful to the garden and to life in the open air.A pheromone trap is harmless to the environment so much so that it is also allowed in.
Find pheromone traps for sale from a large selection of on eBay. Immediately at home, in complete safety Bioplanet srl Via A. Olivetti 85, 47522 Cesena (FC) Email: [email protected] VAT number 04249420409 - Tax Code 04249420409 Forlì-Cesena Company Reg.: - REA: FO - 33571
The red palm weevil. Tomato Moth (Tuta absoluta) last updated 29 August 2019.. Anarsia lineatella. € 11.10. Available. SKU. 862TF x3. Qty. Add to Cart. Pheromone for monitoring Anarsia lineatella, the peach moth. Skip to the end of the images gallery
transcript. the tradition of the intertwined palm in Sardinia Intrachem Bio Traps Catalog 2012 by Image Line - issuu. BIOGARD TRAP C A T A L O G O. Instruments for monitoring and mass capture Intrachem Bio Italia. G E N E R A L E. 2. 0
Originally from Asia for this considered alien insect, it is a deadly parasite of palm trees. This insect is literally flagellating the palms present on the Italian territory. The main symptoms of an advanced infestation by palm weevil are represented by an anomalous bearing of the crown. Publications The Italian National Academy of Entomology, under the auspices of the MIPAAF, publishes monographic volumes containing the contributions presented and debated in the context of the Round Tables with the goal of disseminating them in a targeted and effective way. In addition, special volumes and the Proceedings of the National and International Congresses of Entomology are published
The Green Moth is actually a polyphagous species which, in addition to affecting the Olive, also attacks other species of the same family (Oleaceae), such as Ash, Jasmine and Privet. More rarely, attacks on species from other families have also been observed, such as Apocynaceae, Ericacea or Umbelliferae. Margaronia causes damage which, apart from aesthetics, is often negligible. Tomato moth Tuta absoluta, also known as tomato moth, is an insect native to South America. Its presence has been found in Italy, particularly in the southern regions, since 2008. Microorganism specific to palms, it is highly prolific For palm weevils place the traps with relative attractant near the palm trees to be defended. Place 1 trap every 20 m2 of surface. Position the trap about 2 meters high by inserting the pheromone (2) in the appropriate space according to the desired use. The production of honeydew favors the development of fumaggini. How to recognize the male cochineal from the female cochineal. The males of cochineal with slender and elongated body are equipped with antennae, legs and hind wings. The females, on the other hand, without eyes, legs and wings, have a stocky and flat body and the various segments that compose it, ie head, thorax and abdomen appear a.
palms (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) such as RhynchoTrap and PunchTrap, with aggregation pheromone and food attractant. The capture of fruit trees and vines, to which those against food moths have recently been added, to be used in warehouses and mills Red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) Pine processionary (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) Mealy cochineal or Citrus cotonello (Planococcus citri) Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) Apple tree beetle (Cydia pomenella) Eastern peach moth (Cydia molesta) Olive fly (Dacus oleae) and more Featured products. Biogard Delta Trap (BDT) GO TO THE DETAILS. BIOOtwin® L GO TO DATASHEET
molesta), Plum moth (C. funebrana), Fruit moth (Euzophera biigella), Anarsia (Anarsia lineatella) etc. How Nemasys C works The infectious stage of S. carpocapsae is the third larval stage that penetrates the host through its natural openings One package of NemoPAK SC Palme (50 million nematodes with 500 cc of applicator liquid), is sufficient to treat 2- 3 large palm trees. The plants must be treated with a shower medium or similar equipment, reaching the center of the crown, the insertion of the leaves, and the stems Moth Much more widespread than moth, it can attack the floral buttons but mainly the berries emptying them causing them to brown and dry out. The damages are very serious and favor the establishment of botrytis and acid rot. per vine, which feeds on the pulp of the berries d. that on Palm Sunday, when houses were blessed, they had to be well cleaned). The first olive is gold, the second silver, the third is worthless. To the olive trees, a madman above and a wise man below. (In the olive harvest you need a vigorous person who shakes the branches because the
The olive tree or olive tree (Olea europaea L., 1753) is a fruit tree that is presumed to be native to Asia Minor and Syria, since in this region the spontaneous wild olive tree is very common from ancient times, forming forests on the southern coast of Asia Minor. Here, in fact, the Greeks began to cultivate it, discovering its great properties, which they gave the special name of. Moths of the stone fruit American Tingide of the Platano Ragnetti (Acari) Ifantria and other defoliating larvae Lampra festiva Yellow hairline Pine moth Scolitidae and Pissoide of the Pino Oziorrinco Metcalfa Scolithid of cypresses Margaronia of the olive tree Miner of citrus fruits Cochineals - Leaf and Pathogenic Diseases
In addition, various tests have shown that the effectiveness of this method also applies to other kinds of pests, such as: the pine processionary, food insects, the vine moth and the red palm weevil Protects trees from fruit, crops, fields sown, vegetable gardens, gardens and balconies with volatil Description RED PEACH FROM THE VINEYARD - Prunus persica 'Rossa della Vigna'. The Pesco Rossa della Vigna is an ancient variety. It is a variety that is widespread all over Italy, especially in the north-central one, while its presence is very sporadic in the southern regions.
Ornamental palms in the field, urban areas, nurseries. Red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) 50 - 100 ml per liter of water Inject the product starting from the first flights of adults. The trunk injection must be carried out with suitable equipment and by specialized personnel Reduce chemical and energy inputs in agriculture through innovative agronomic techniques Author: Silvia Arnone, Sergio Musmeci, Paola Nobili, Raffaele Sasso, Massimo Cristofaro ENEA, Agostino Biotechnology and Agroindustry Division Letardi ENEA, Protection and enhancement of the territory and natural capital Division Published on: 27-01-201
Ephestia kuehniella Zeller Gray flour moth. Gryllomorpha dalmatina (Ocskay) Cellar cricket. Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) bed bug Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) Red palm weevil. Sarcophaga carnaria Linnaeus gray meat fly. Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis Scabies mite. Sitophilus. The attack of the moth on the peduncle was added to the unloading year, causing the drop, that is the early fall of the fruit. Here too harvested in advance, but an oil of. At that time, Jesus said to his disciples: Do not accumulate treasures on earth, where moths and rust consume and where thieves break in and steal, but accumulate treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consume, and where thieves do not break in or steal. Because where your treasure is, it will also be your heart database of integrated production standards. regional disciplinary - research for p.a. typologists
Palm Sunday to follow and share at home Invocation and praise God welcomes us. He is delighted to see us reunited. Before we look for him, he looked for us before we know him, he knew us before we came here, he summoned us. We receive from him grace, joy and peace in our hearts and in our lives. Amen On the oscillation in the use between olive and olive trees. Sandro Vannucci of the TG1 editorial team turns to our service for advice on the use of olive or olive tree forms and the consequent olive grove or olive grove (next to the rarer olive grove) since, as the journalist himself notes, the Georgofili also made a confused and jumping use .. In our country there are three species: the European mole is very common and the other two, the blind mole and the Roman mole, are less frequent. since the differences are minimal, we will consider only the European mole, the most representative species not only of the genus but also of the whole potato family with resistance to the moth of this solanacea, Phtho-rimaea operculella. Of particular interest, as an example of an integrated response to an emerging phytopathology due to an alien palm insect. Various aspects of this technological application
The sacred function begins with the blessing of the ashes, obtained from the blessed Palms the year before on the Sunday before Easter. The new blessing they receive on this occasion is intended to make them more worthy of the mystery of contrition and humility they signify. MASS. EPISTOLA (Gl 2,12-19 The national chestnut harvest has been reduced by 50 percent due to an insect that has arrived from China in Italy where it is infesting without ..After Asian woodworm, diabrotica, red palm weevil, chestnut beetle, citrus sadness, stone fruit sharka, tomato moth, this time it was the turn of the Italian production of kiwis to be attacked by a bacterium, the Pseudonomas syringae Actinidiae (Psa), which is wreaking havoc on national crops from Lazio, where in the province of Latina there is already talk of 60.
According to what has been explained, the 'Black Weevil' would be even faster than its 'red' half-brother in killing plants: the Agaves, if attacked by the new parasite, rot even before the palms because it produces a bacterium which results in a rapid process of degeneration of plants Observations relating to some recent pests Observations relating to some pests recently introduced in Italy found on tree-lined towns of western Liguria F. TINIVELLA1, C. FERRACINI2, M. FACCOLI3, C. PASINI4, C. LITTARDI5, R. CAVICCHINI6 , G. MINUTO1 1 Regional Center for Agricultural Experimentation and Assistance - Rollo Region, 98, 17031 Albenga (SV) - Sector of. stone fruit moths. pine tortricide. pine processionary. margaronia dell'olivo. hyphantria lepidoptera defoliators. red wood. yellow wood. oziorrinchi of the ornamental. branch desiccation of thuja and juniperus. bark beetles. boxwood caecidomy. cecidomy of the.
METEOR DECIS WIDE SPECTRUM INSECTICIDE COCHINIGLIA Aphids LARVE ml 10 30 60 200. EUR 12.50 to EUR 23.50. FAST AND FREE. 13 sold. INSECTICIDE systémique DECIS PROTECH HOME BAYER 100 ML LIVRAISON FREE 24h. EUR 15.50. EUR 9.00 shipping. o Purchase proposal. Parasites Spray deltaX / DECIS AE 400 ML DECIS EVO is an insecticide that acts by contact and ingestion, with a broad spectrum of activity against harmful insects. Equipped with a rapid initial action, it allows a sufficiently long-lasting protection of the plants with a great safety of use. CONCENTRATED INSECTICIDE Bayer DECIS JET 10 ML PYRETHROID DELTAMETHRIN APHIDS. Fast shipping in 24/48 working hours by express courier with tracking. Secure payments with Paypal, Credit Card or Bank Transfer. Specialized online pre and post sales assistance, we will follow you step by step Decis 15 ew Bayer: What it is and what it is for The Decis 15 ew is an insecticide composed mainly of Deltamethrin, and has an excellent killing effect on numerous insects such as aphids, whiteflies , bedbugs, nocturnes and many other types
. However, there are some recognizable symptoms to understand if the cochineal has attacked the .. The cochineal or coccoidea (Rhynchota Homoptera), or improperly coccidia, is a phytophagous insect which, with its powerful mouthparts, feeds on the sap of the plants until it completely decays. leaves, flowers, fruits and roots. General characteristics of the cochineal How to recognize the male cochineal from the female cochineal Cochineal: a very dangerous parasite The cochineal is a close relative of aphids. In nature there are about 7,000 different species, all belonging to the Rhynchota family. This insect mainly reproduces sexually through the production of eggs and feeds on the sap of plants. Parasites commonly referred to as cochineal are many, some dozen, of various sizes, from a few millimeters to half a centimeter or more. Generally colonize in large numbers the young parts of the plants, the shoots and leaves also exist species that infest the roots, causing serious damage to the plants DECIS EVO pyrethroid insecticide bayer acts by contact and ingestion, it is therefore necessary to perform a very careful treatment by wetting all vegetation as evenly as possible. In the event that the vegetation is difficult to wet, the addition of a bather is recommended
Last week we talked about how to recognize the cottony cochineal: it is a fairly common parasite during the summer, the unwanted host that every gardener has had to deal with at least once .. We talked about the life cycle of the parasite and also understood how to recognize an infestation, both by the radical and by the greenhouse type. The best offers for METEOR DECIS INSECTICIDE WIDE SPECTRUM COCHINIGLIA AFIDI LARVE ml 10 30 60 200 are on eBay items with free delivery., Insecticides, Plant protection, from BAYER, decis jet Characteristics Pyrethroid insecticide based on Deltamethrin which combines the excellent killing effect and rapidity of action on various insects to a br ..
The Cochineal, like the aphids, belongs to the family of the rincoti.It is a parasitic insect typically whitish in color, slightly convex, covered by an abundant waxy secretion and surrounded by digitiform extensions. It attacks various fruit trees, shrubs and flowering plants, invading branches and leaves in their most sheltered part, typically. . When we clean a plant from the cochineal we try to remove it completely, checking in particular in the dark and devoid of aeration areas, such as the leaf axils or the center of the rosettes of leaves, as there are probably eggs deposited
Dissolve a good dose of Marseille soap in water. Transfer the soapy solution to a spray bottle. Spray the soapy solution on the mealybugs. Put on a pair of gloves and remove the mealybugs. The soap emulsion will make it easier to remove the scale insects. adama INSECTICIDE COCHINIGLIA Dusty White Oil EMULSIONED KOLLANT 500ml. 4.4 out of 5 stars 77. € 9.00 € 9.00 € 9.99 € 9.99. Get it by Monday, July 20. FREE Shipping on Your First Order Fulfilled by Amazon. Additional Purchase Options The Parasite. The term cochineal actually designates some parasites with a similar shape, which cause similar damage.These are generally small parasites, which attack the stems or the leaf blade, from which they suck the sap, causing wounds through which bacteria can penetrate , and which sometimes leave perennial scars even when the parasite comes. The anti-cochineal treatment (one of the most common plant parasites) must be repeated three times after 10 days, if necessary in combination with a pyrethrum-based insecticide. The cochineal spreads more in the presence of hot and dry climate is a very small insect, basically white in color. The cochineals - scientific name Coccoidea - are a superfamily of phytophagous insects of the order of the Rhynchota. The common name derives from the Spanish land pig adaptation, given the ..
Cochineal is a dye obtained from the insect of the same name belonging to the coccoidea family, in particular from females of the species Dactylopius, Dactylopius coccus and of the species Kermes vermilio. Carminic acid, which is the colored molecule, can also be extracted from modified bacteria for this purpose. Description. The insect secretes a very thick and intensely liquid. Mealy cochineal: it prefers above all ornamental plants, vines, figs and citrus fruits. It always has a white back and many small paws that are useful for moving quickly. , Asian bedbug 30-50 (0.3-0.7 L / ha) Consult product label. 7 Eastern Fly 50 (0.7 L / ha) Peach, Apricot, Plum, Cherry Aphids, Cochineals. Common names: cotton scale of the vine, scale of the vine, scale of the fig, scale of the fig. It mainly attacks the vine and the fig tree. Planococcus vovae. Common names: cottony juniper cochineal. Attacks several Cupressaceae, including Juniperus, Thuja, Chamaecyparis and Cupressocyparis Oleosan Plus polyvalent insecticide Anti cochineal aphids bedbugs 750 ml. 4.1 out of 5 stars. 100. € 12.14. € 12.14. Get it by Tomorrow, Dec 22. FREE Shipping on your first order Fulfilled by Amazon. It arrives before Christmas
Decis Evo is the pyrethroid insecticide based on Deltamethrin registered on more than 100 crops. Thanks to the low solvent content formulation and their qualitative improvement, it guarantees a very high safety profile and maximum levels of efficacy in pest control. The emulsion in water provides a greater affinity between active substance, plant tissues and. Broad spectrum insecticide A first treatment consists in preparing a decoction based on garlic. For the preparation, boil two heads of garlic in a liter of water then let it cool and filter the mixture. Once ready, sprinkle the mixture on the plant. By doing so we will also fight the rose cochineal. Biological fight Decis 15 EW Hobby PFnPE. Insecticide with a new formulation that combines an excellent killing effect with rapidity of action and a short interval of deficiency. Closer PFnPE. New systemic insecticide for the effective control of aphids, scale insects and whiteflies
Description. The American Chrysolina known to most as Rosemary Chrysolina, is a beetle belonging to the Chrysomelidae family. It is native to Europe in particular from the Mediterranean area, although the American name could be misleading We are Open and Operative. local_shipping Fast delivery. sync Right of Withdrawal. stars Certified Original Products. verified_user International Warranty 24 months. payment 100 Closer Secure Payments for the defense of horticultural crops. The opinion of Sicilian growers who have tried it Effective in the control of aphids and whiteflies, Closer is a solution that meets the producer's expectations of effectiveness, respecting the environment and beneficial insects. Closer allows growers to have a healthy product and to satisfy the re Closer in defense of the apple tree
The Cochineal has not acclimatized in our environments while its host plant has spread widely, becoming one of the most characteristic elements of the Sicilian landscape. The thorny berries, white, yellow or red, of the three cultivated varieties, once destined mainly for local markets, are now increasingly popular also in international markets. Decis Evo is a pyrethroid insecticide based on deltamethrin. Thanks to a reduction in solvents and their qualitative improvement, it guarantees a very high product safety profile and maximum levels of efficacy in the control of parasites. Main benefits. The emulsify
When the cochineal has formed the shield, no contact insecticide can be active if not combined with white oil. You will notice the effectiveness of the treatment when, by slightly scraping the insect, it detaches easily and the naeanides are not visible inside the shield Decis Evo is the new pyrethroid insecticide based on deltamethrin produced through an original and patented process registered on a large number of crops, it is active against numerous parasites both alone and in mixed infestation. Thanks to the innovative formulation with reduced solvent content, excellent decis evo conjugate without a license, 250ml bottle, recommended for those who do not have a license.
Easily recognizable due to the conformation of its shield, the half-grain peppercorn cochineal is a widespread parasite that in spring and summer can cause significant damage to the olive tree and other crops. In this guide we explain how to identify its presence and which treatments to perform to eradicate it Cochineal half a grain of pepper (Saissetia oleae) 50 ml / hl (500-700 ml / ha) in 1000-1400 l / ha of water: Maximum 1 treatment per season. Olive tree (7 days) Euphyllura sp. 30-50 ml / hl (300-700 ml / ha) in 1000-1400 l / ha of water: Maximum 1 treatment per season. Olive tree (7 days) Moth (Prays oleae Actually I thought of giving it for irrigation, in order to eliminate even the cochineal that may have nestled in the bark. I thought of putting them in a basin, watering them with rain and keeping them soaking for a few minutes with the whole pot in the water with the confidor Besides being very useful in the relentless fight against the cochineal, in fact, the soap dissolved in the water can be used to clean the affected parts. In case of vigorous attacks, you can also equip yourself with a brush. in addition, copper-based products are essential In fact, I don't think we are the only ones who give it in a preventive way and like when you give an efungicide before you take a fungus or cmq you give a medicine like green copper without the plant bearing the signs of any disease and I think everyone does it in my lemon in spring I put some tablets in the anti cochineal soil because in that period if I don't put them they invade my.
Time of shortage. garlic, onion, leek, celery leaves, potato, brussels sprouts, carrot, olive oil, cherry and plum: 7 days cotton, alfalfa: 15 days citrus, almond, wheat, sugar beet: 30 days. Other crops: 3 days What are the products whose use is allowed in organic farming? Today we will try to give a comprehensive answer to this question. In this article we will in fact talk about the organic products that the European reference legislation allows to use. These are mostly pesticides or products that enhance the natural defenses of plants. When you want to grow a plant, it is a good idea to be ready for any eventuality. Even the treatment of diseases, in this case the diseases of the peach tree, is part of the sphere of agricultural-agronomic practices to be taken into account in every fruit orchard. Knowing the diseases of the peach tree means knowing how to recognize the symptoms, the needs and possibly also the treatments to be made to. The olive fly remains, the treatments with dimethoate do not. After the revocation of the reference chemical insecticide due to the effective larvicidal activity against Bactrocera oleae, the defense strategy is in the full phase of readjustment .. In fact, after Reg. 2019/1090, with which the European Commission has banned the use of dimethoate-based products since 31.
VITHAL CUPRITAL SDI is a liquid fungicide based on tribasic copper sulphate. It protects fruit, horticultural and ornamental plants from the most important fungal and bacterial diseases. The liquid formulation, in addition to being easier to dose, is characterized by a superior fineness of the particles that give the product an excellent covering power which allows it. cochineal . It is white powder coating of very harmful insect color. These pests feed on juice leaves and flower stems. An indication of the appearance of the pest is vatoobraznyy cera on the leaves and central points. For their destruction use a soap or a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. The scale insects are very dangerous insects in agriculture. Being phytophagous, they live at the expense of the plants they come into contact with, causing damage to plants. Citrus fruits are no exception Find the insecticide product against the miner butterfly easily among 25 products of the main brands (Bayer-Agri, Cheminova Agro France, ADAMA USA,) on AgriExpo, the site specialized in agricultural machinery and equipment for buyers in the sector
Description. Boxwood borer insecticide, ready to use with high systemic action, for ornamental flowering or green plants grown both indoors, balconies and in the home garden.It is able to protect the entire plant, including the newly released shoots, for a period of 3-4 weeks. The Mariana Trench is the deepest known oceanic depression in the world. Challenger Abyss, and is located about 10 994 meters below sea level.It is located northwest in the Pacific Ocean and east of the Mariana Islands, specifically at 11 ° 21 ′ north latitude and 142 ° 12 ′ east of longitude, between Japan, the Philippines and. cottony cochineal Showing 1-4 of 4 messages. cottony cochineal: adriana: 5/21/12 3:15 AM: Agrumol) to which you added the confidor / decis, an insecticide in short. And sprinkle the plant finely with the nebulizer. The female scale insects are responsible for those shields and are Closer PFnPE The new systemic and contact insecticide. Where to buy Closer PFnPE is the new generation systemic insecticide for the effective control of biting-sucking insects aphids, mealybugs and whiteflies
Decis protect ew ml.500 Free Sale against olive fly and fruit fly. Insecticide, for horticultural, fruit, vine, olive and citrus trees, floricultural and ornamental plants. Oil in water emulsion. Potassium Soap kg 12 SBS 200 K plus Organic cochineal and honeydew cochineal and cottony cochineal on chilli There are different types of cochineal especially based on the shape: floury, comma, root, cottony and scudetto. They grow in slightly humid, warm and poorly ventilated environments, but especially on fertilized plants with a high nitrogen content
Dehydrated garlic 250 gr is an excellent natural insecticide against cochineal and spider eggs. Chemical treatment: 1000ml mineral oil softens the cochineal shields favoring the effectiveness of insecticides. Decis protect 70 ml polyvalent insecticide against scale insects and aphids What is a scale insect. Characteristics of a harmful insect: the size of the parasite is modest - from 3 to 6 mm the soft-bodied insect has no wings, the adult individual moves slowly enough the body is covered with a powdery coating of cloudy white color, which prevents moisture loss
From the Asian bedbug to the turtle cochineal: the fight against 'alien' plant parasites by Cristina Nadott It is full of cochineal, do a treatment with white oil and confidor mixed together, or a product specifically anti cochineal, then keep in the shade for a few day (oil and sun would burn the leaves). However, review the cultivation, if a juniper is so infested the plant is weak, you can see that you have a low vigor
Half peppercorn cochineal on oleander The half peppercorn cochineal or Saissetia oleae is a common coccidae in the Mediterranean area, even if in Italy it has colonized all the parallel regions by now it is necessary to control the peach cidia and / or other phytophages (cochineal , embroiderers). It is obvious that if we came out of the first generation clean and without high levels of infestation, we will be able to face the second part of the season with greater tranquility without loosening our grip and monitoring the phytophagus regularly, with pheromone traps and observations on the fruits. Fight against parasites: how to fight red spider mites, cochineals, aphids. Spring, in these months even the parasites wake up and begin to proliferate: terraces and gardens must be kept under control. The most common are aphids, which form large colonies on the leaves, on the youngest shoots
Share on facebook by clicking here and unlock the discount code SOCIAL10 - 10% discount to use at the checkout. On this page we will list all the possible pathologies of our chili plants, including pests and diseases, photos, description and how to solve the problem. From the leaves we can understand the general state of our plants. Carmona and cochineal. Message to read by asaddd85 »Sun Nov 05, 2017 9:47 am Hello everyone, I have a carmona for 4 years now, it is quite well apart from a problem that has afflicted it for a long time: the white cochineal
Aphids and cochineal on Heliamphora-Cephalotus-Drosera. OFF LINE messages. Mr Ardashir. Post: 442. Registered on: 03/14/2010. Gender: Male. Cephalotus member. 0 0 08/20/2010 10:35. Hi, this morning I was wondering what to do in case aphids and cochineal infest Heliamphore, cephalotus and sundew DECIS JET etc 0,7 - 0,8 30 (2) STONE COCHENIL MINERAL OIL ALBENE etc 2000 - 3000 20 - 30 20 In strong cases infestation perform the intervention, during the migration of the nymphs from the leaves to the branches, ensuring complete coverage of the treated DECIS EVO poles. MARGARONIA. COCHINEAL. OLIOCIN DECIS EVO. MOSCOW. DECIS EVO CONFIDOR O-TEQ. Vegetative recovery. Pre flowering. Flowering. Fruit set. Fruit growth. Veraison. Maturation
Treatment calendar of stone fruit (peach-apricot-cherry) Peach bubble Cydia Aphids cochineal Powdery mildew and scab January oxychloride rizobat soy oil February Syllit or ekoprop March syllit or ekoprop Rizobat Tioflor April syllit o .. Olive moth Phytopathology and cultivation. Registered since: Sat Apr 201
Decis Jet - Provado - Pershing - Skorpio. Adversity: Cochineal (Hemiptera) Description: Characteristic of cochineals is the secretion of various substances with which they cover the body (shields) insecticide against aphids. Easy to use RTU that provides systemic control of black spots, rust and powdery mildew on roses. -Kills aphids, caterpillars, thrips, worms and mites on roses and ornamental plants -Ready to use, Compare with other products Remove La Piralide del Bosso. C ydalima perspectalis. Current situation: In these days there is the presence of young larvae of medium size (3 cm) which represent the forms that have spent the winter in shelters created by them within the vegetation. on cooler days they still remain sheltered inside the shelters, while with the rising temperature.
With the word worm we can mean many things. The worms that we find underground, for example, earthworms, for example, are not insects at all, but annelids. Animals, as you know, are classified according to morphological and functional characteristics in many sections, so to speak. Many groupings The carpocapsa (Cydia pomonella), insect of the order of Lepidoptera, is one of the main pests of the orchard and attacks above all pome plants.It is not for nothing that it is commonly called apple worm, even if its damage in addition to the apple tree also affects pear, quince and walnut .. The name worm refers to the larvae that enter the fruit, causing damage. Against the caterpillars of roses I have found a natural remedy that has no environmental impact and I swear: it works! Read the guide with doses and photos: I will tell you in detail how to save your roses and the biodiversity of the garden and garden. The finding of worms in the faeces is a rather revolting event, but certainly not rare. In fact, it is estimated that helminths (as these parasites are scientifically called) infect about three billion people in the world.The most common in our latitudes are undoubtedly the worms of children (Enterobius vermicularis), also called pinworms, whose prevalence in age. Before reaching their adult stage, as we all know them, insects go through various stages, this process is called metamorphosis. These are photos of insect larvae and pupae belonging to various orders. Rufous filiform worm.
vermiano adj. [der. of worm]. - In medicine, related to the cerebellar worm (vermian worm, n. 3 d): vermian syndrome, the syndrome due to an exclusive lesion of the cerebellum worm, resulting from an infection (syphilis) or a tumor, which occurs. insect drowns, but the worm can get out of its prey and start the cycle again. Video - Spinochordodes tellinii at work: | Devis Pedroni. Buttons that kill. Another worm, Leucochloridium paradoxum, infects the cherry tree worm snails. The adult cherry worm insect is a fly. Once fertilized, the fly lays an egg under the peel of the cherry They are ferocious carnivores that hunt at night, feed on worms, insects, larvae and spiders that they capture with their jaws and then paralyze by injecting a poison,
These insects to complete their biological cycle are favored both by humid soils and by few tillages. Therefore, it can be said that drought periods are unfavorable to the massive swarm of populations and, on the contrary, poorly worked crops (meadows and some forage) favor their repopulation These insects are particularly small and thin, they can overcome any crack, joint or seal and often lurk in the innermost part of the display. This would render any of our removal operations by force useless, unless we intend to destroy the monitor with our own hands. The earthworm is part of the segmented worms (Annelids) and belongs to the class of Oligochetes. insects are just another group of organisms belonging to the great phylum of arthroprodes which also includes crustaceans, arachnids, scorpionids, etc.
. Auxiliary insects are true friends of the gardener. Feeding on crop pests, they fight garden infestations very effectively and protect plants without causing damage to the environment.So sharpen your eyes and take a good look at every angle on your rose plants: once you have identified any insects, you will only have to choose. the right natural remedy to neutralize them! Ladybugs. The most common infesting insects are aphids or rose lice: these tiny parasites, which hide under the leaves and at the base of the buds, suck the.
Responsible insect: Fly (Rhagoletis Cerasi) Once fertilized, the fly pierces the peel of the cherries and lays the egg inside the pulp. The larva is born after 8 days and develops causing a lot of damage to the fruit: soft pulp, imb Order Chilopoda = Centipede --- 1 pair of legs each leg attachment segment --- The first pair of legs is transformed into a poisonous claw. Centipedes are long and often flattened. They have a pair of articulated legs per segment, and on the head they have long antennae.They are ferocious carnivores that hunt at night, feed on worms, insects, larvae and spiders that they catch with. Insects and lice of roses. Aphids (Macrosiphum rosae) Also known as rose lice are among the most common insects on roses, they can be seen in large colonies, with or without wings, especially under the leaves, at the base of the floral calyxes and on the new shoots with their apparatus mug suck the sap of the plant. In addition to this they produce a sugary secretion. Worms are very often present in dreams, and as you can imagine they are not very pleasant presences: they arouse disgust, disgust, and sometimes even horror.In dreams appear worms of all kinds, caterpillars, millipedes, earthworms, woodworms ), maggots (the small white worms that are used as bait in fishing), processionaries (those ugly hairy worms, also called 'wrinkles')
From the end of April the larvae of this parasite begin to grow and develop to become a butterfly of about 2 centimeters: within 60 days the life cycle of these insects ends. This is enough to destroy your flowers: in the larval stage the parasites feed on leaves, flowers and buds .. You will notice the presence of these parasites of geraniums a. insect, worms, worm, bug, arthropod Stock Image - Central Stock. u16271921 The Fotosearch Photo and Video Stocks help you quickly find the photo or video you were looking for! You can search over 60,800,000 royalty free photos, 360,000 movies, digital videos, clip art vector images, clipart photographs, graphic backgrounds, medical illustrations and maps. The worm is born after 8 days, it penetrates the fruit to feed itself
Elongated insects (about 2 cm long), dark brown in color, provided with a pair of pincers at the rear end of the body. They are widespread in humid environments: Young insects feed on the new shoots. Adults pierce leaves, flowers and fruits: If there are few, remove them with your hands. Dream Worms Symbolism. The symbolism of worms, earthworms and other invertebrates refers to a primitive stage of existence: a phase of blind, vacuous and obtuse preconsciousness.Worms, like the larvae that precede a mature and defined form, recall the life that arises from the chaos of shapeless matter, the death-rebirth present in nature and in the human journey, the transition. From traps to natural and DIY insecticides. Scissors, scissors, scissors, scissors are harmless insects for humans and little harmful for plants.If there is no real infestation, it is not recommended to eliminate the scissors, they could be useful by eliminating smaller insects and. Download free images about Armadillo, Worm, Insect from the Pixabay library of over 1,300,000 public domain photos, illustrations and vectors - 79035 Along with 120,000 other known species of Diptera, this insect has appeared on Earth over 250 million years does. These are mostly small insects, such as those that usually fly in our homes, but some tropical species, for example the Pantophthalmidae, can reach a wingspan of 9-10 centimeters.
If, on the other hand, you happen to find insects - the so-called weevils - in new packages, just purchased, it is good to know that this can happen not due to lack of hygiene during the production process, but due to carelessness in the subsequent phases of distribution and marketing, as indicated also some studies of the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Milan that they have. To counter this insect in a biological way you could set up pheromone traps on the plant - (a sexual attractant of the fly) that manages to catch the adult in flight before it lays its egg. your area, for insect recognition safety also explains.
this insect you say is almost certainly a moth larva that was born from the deposition of eggs inside the pod when it was developing in the garden in spring, therefore, the prevention would be to prevent the flight of the butterflies of this species from arriving to deposit the eggs inside the pods, a biological system for could be to place in your vegetable garden. Here is another of the most dangerous pests of the apple tree: the carpocapsa is so feared in the apple orchard that it is also called apple worm. In reality this insect, a moth, also affects other plants, such as pear and walnut. The insect is a small blackish yellow Diptera, while the larvae, which live inside the leaves, are yellow-orange. Solution. Against these insects it is very important to intervene promptly and chemically, with larvicidal products with endotherapeutic action, which kill the larvae inside the mines. Parsley with parasite: Answer: parasite on parsley. Dear Federico, small white insects could be white flies, although usually these insects develop in areas with poor air exchange, with a hot and humid climate (in fact they are among the most feared insects by those who own a greenhouse) in this case, in addition to some tiny flies, yes. Phytophagous insects Among animals, undoubtedly, the most fearful are insects and among them in particular the defoliators and xylophages. Over 200 species of insects that feed on green leaves, shoots and bark are known in Europe on oaks, but the most dangerous belong to the order of Lepidoptera (Tiberi, 1991)
Download this free Armadillo Worm image from Pixabay's vast library of public domain images and videos Parasitic worm escapes from its host by mentally controlling it is capable of mind control settles in some insects and grows to be about 4 times longer than the host . Vermocane - Hermodice carunculata. The vermocane, Hermodice carunculata, is a marine worm belonging to the Amphinomidae family. It is also known by the name dog worm or fire worm. In ancient Greece the vermocane was a mythological animal characterized by 2 different features. One was a limbless crawling dog. The other was an insect that. Silverfish insects. Far from being similar to small fish, these insects look like real worms with legs and long antennae. Perhaps they owe the name to their continuous 'flickering' in the corners of the house and of some objects. The body is flat, covered with scales similar to scales. How to Get Rid of Centipedes. There are more than 2,000 species of centipedes in the world, most of which live outdoors. Sometimes they creep into homes, especially in the colder months. Even if they are not dangerous to u beings.
Lemon parasites. We have already talked about the main diseases of the lemon, but today we want to take a special look at its parasites: some of these, in fact, not only actively damage lemon plants, but can be carriers of other types of viral or bacterial diseases. A little like the olive fly (Bactrocera oleae, Gmelin 1790. The unripe worm can be found in the subcutaneous nodules. It is advisable to surgically remove the larva and undergo therapy with albendazole. Angiostrongylus cantonensis, a Parasite of the mouse, it causes eosinophilic meningitis and ocular diseases especially in Southeast Asia, the Pacific islands and Cuba The tomato suit absoluta is an insect that arrived in our regions a few years ago, directly from South America. Also known as leaf miner or moth , but commonly known as the tomato butterfly, is perhaps the most devastating among the parasites and diseases of this plant. The crops caused by the absoluta suit are very serious
How to Get Rid of Scissors Insects (Dermacteria). Earwigs, or dermacteria, can be a pretty big deal to deal with, but it's not impossible to get rid of them. They are harmless, but they feed on decaying leaves and wood. Free Images: caterpillar, moth, invertebrate, worm, insect, macro, larva, insects and bugs, animals, environment, animal, arthropods, biology Furniture, artifacts and wooden objects can become over time an appetizing snack of xylophagous insects and wood parasites.To fight the xylophagous insects that weaken the wood structure of the furniture and it is necessary to rely on anti-woodworm products marketed and universally valid against all orders of insects belonging to the lignivorous fauna
Whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) The nematode Trichuris trichuria is also called a whipworm. Adult females measure around 20-35cm in length, while males are shorter, around 15-30cm. Life Cycle: Parasite eggs come out with feces Aphids: potentially destructive pests and diseases of apricot trees. Among the insects that most frequently affect this species we undoubtedly find aphids, dangerous threats not only for the apricot but also for other fruit trees and ornamental plants located nearby.
Insects: Discover the answers of our experts Read below all the questions on the subject and the answers given by our Gardening Experts. Look at the titles listed below and click on the title that is closest to the topic of your interest. Once you have clicked on the title you will be able to read, in full, both the enthusiast's question and the answer of our Expert Insects attacking developed chard. Among the most widespread and at the same time most harmful insects for Italian beet growing are the Cleono, the Nottue defoliators and in recent years the Lisso. Pegomya betae. It is an insect of the Diptera species whose larvae live at the expense of the beet and other Chenopodiacee. Diffusion
worm, bug, bug, insects, dragonfly, arthropod Stock Image - Central Stock. u14432900 The Fotosearch Photo and Video Stocks help you quickly find the photo or video you were looking for! You can search over 59,800,000 royalty free photos, 360,000 movies, digital videos, clip art vector images, clipart photographs, graphic backgrounds, medical illustrations and worm maps [vèr-me] s.m. 1 Generic name of small invertebrate animals with an elongated, soft and legless body: moist soil teeming with v. also, insect larva: cherry which has the v. (pl.) intestinal parasites :. The insects in the pasta come, of course, from their eggs. The great variety of species that can be found (very large, so it is difficult to list them) is because their insect-parent has laid its eggs among the kernels of the ear of wheat, and these microscopic eggs have come as far as to our homes How to defend the apple tree from parasites. An ancient popular adage states that "an apple a day keeps the doctor away", and in reality studies on the nutritional value of apples have confirmed the numerous health properties of this fruit. in summary, it is not easy The noctuas are insects belonging to the order of the Lepidoptera (they are, in practice, butterflies). Butterflies have two pairs of membranous wings and a thick, hairy body. The tongue, long and thin, is used to suck the nourishment
In the curative field, therefore, once the presence of the insect is noted, the only truly effective product is Spinosad, which we have already talked about. Carpocapsa (Cydia pomonella) Known as apple worm, since it attacks the apple tree more easily, the carpocapsa is also one of the main pests of the pear tree. They feed on pasta, rice, dried fruit, legumes and biscuits. They infest pantries: they are food moths. Here's how to get rid of white worms and butterflies at home The chestnut worm is a larva. The chestnut worm is actually the larva of an insect, the juvenile form therefore of something that as an adult is completely different .. Precisely the chestnut worm can be the larva of two different insects, very different between them
The larvae of the insect that in this case are eating the trunk inside its hazelnut plants, are attributable to a species of weevil very similar to that of palms and figs that erode the bark of the plant to the wood causing it to collapse plants and consequently causing their death Moths are moths belonging to the Tineidae family whose caterpillars (larvae) are known to be large weeds. It often happens to find these insects inside cabinets or drawers. Their larvae, in fact, feed on fabrics such as wool, silk and cotton (but also human hair) and thus ruin clothes
HELP! insect / worm 04/05/2014, 18:14 Hello everyone, today I wanted to transplant the sage bought last week in the planter of the house, but looking at the ground below I saw this strange insect / worm. the dimensions are those of half a centimeter (0.5 cm) You happen to hear wood moths say: it's wrong. If we allude to insects that gnaw wood, it is right to call them woodworms. But if you are not an expert on the subject, you are somehow apologized. However, language should always be precise, and some clarity is needed, also to avoid expenses. [Insects begin their life cycle as eggs and then go through a series of developmental or moulting stages before reaching adulthood. This occurs from egg to larva (eg caterpillar, worm) to pupa (often sealed in a cocoon) to adult. Insecticides and solutions against stoker cockroach. The stoker cockroach is a predominantly nocturnal insect. that is to say it is much more active during the night hours. When their presence is noticed even during the day, that is to say that the population is so large that they are forced to leave the shelter even during the day
Where do scissor bugs come from in the house. Scissor cutters move around houses to find food or to shelter from the cold. Earwigs do not transmit diseases like cockroaches but can be very annoying. However, they feed on plants, if they are present in large quantities they can literally devour the leaves of your plants, and they are also ugly and annoying insects Their arrival does not cause any fuss, but they are spreading more and more. They are the new parasites of plants, which in the last two decades have entered Italy from America, Africa and Asia .. We will examine here in particular one, which has hit our geraniums with arrogance. fight them, taking into consideration the case of the butterfly of.
The sediments of an Australian site dating back more than 550 million years ago bear the fossil signs of the presence of a worm a few millimeters long that could be the progenitor of all bilateral symmetry animals, from insects to higher organisms, including humans Black Millipede Insecticides against Julide Millipede or Julide Millipede. One of the smelliest parasites there is. They are vegetarian and harmless insects. When you have mild and rainy temperatures, real invasions can occur. Yet, on closer inspection, the scientific name of the silverfish tells us a lot about the characteristics of this insect. The silverfish visually is an insect no more than one centimeter large that feeds on starch such as the back of the wallpaper or even old books, clothes and even skin scales Insects such as bees, ants, fleas, flies, mosquitoes, wasps and spiders can bite or sting if provoked or in danger. Initial contact can be painful and is often followed by an allergic reaction to the poison lodged in the skin through the insect's mouth or its sting.
The Cydia splendana (chestnut worm or hornbill) is a butterfly (about 16-18 mm wingspan and with smaller males) which has a greyish livery. The front wings are gray marbled with brown and with light streaks in the most distal part an ocellar spot can be distinguished, partly delimited by a blackish band that widens on the rear side of the wing Common insects in the cultivation of marijuana: the miner fly. Read now »Red spider. This small insect, which usually shows up with humidity in indoor crops, sucks the sap from the leaves and puts an end to the marijuana plant in a short time: an adult spider can bite a million times less than.
Disgusting is then to dream of a big or giant worm. This dream could represent a major problem, such as a disease. Also important is the place where the worms are found. Seeing worms in sugar, salt, rice, pasta or other foods in a dream means that you are swallowing bitter morsels both figuratively and real Processionary alarm, but those black caterpillars are harmless cousins. The entomologist Venturelli: The little black caterpillars that make a lot of talk these days are something else and are harmless.
Free images: larva, public domain images, free, not protected by copyright Several species of insects are born as aquatic larvae, and then reach maturity in the form of flying insects, able to move even for long distances. Since crickets are omnivores, and about a third of their food consists of dead insects, the Gordian worm ends up in one of its favorite hosts, hidden in the lunch Central European worm (glowing worm) (Latin: Lamprohiza splendor) - the inhabitant of central Europe. The male beetle pronotum has transparent patches and the rest of the body is light brown in color. The length of the body of the insect varies from 10 to 15 mm.The crop of peas can sometimes be destroyed by the weevil. This can also occur if a constant work of weeding is carried out in the garden to eliminate weeds. Currently, the fight against this unwanted insect is quite simple if the intervention is carried out correctly it is 100% effective. This tutorial gives tips on how. In this case the worm has a more modest size, but it is still very dangerous: it migrates in the head of the victim from one side to the other, generating convulsions, epileptic seizures, cysts in the.
Intestinal parasites are divided into protozoa and metazoans, that is, into unicellular and multicellular organisms. As such, protozoan parasites are particularly small (generally in the order of a few μm), while metazoans have complex structures, tissue differentiation and considerably larger dimensions (from a few mm to a few meters). The metazoans of interest .. In any park or garden you should pay attention to bushes and hedges, and take care of the box borer. In recent seasons the caterpillar of the box has caused serious damage and, in some cases, the plants have died. Boxwood diseases require specialization, the fight must be planned in time. We should carry out the care of the box hedge with biological treatments
This insect causes damage very similar to what you described and is probably the same that is present on your plants. The Delia in fact attacks the innermost part of the stem and feeds on the same ruin the crop, undermining the plant from the inside and then causing the entire infested area to rot. The artichoke depressaria is a parasitic insect belonging to the order of the Lepidoptera and to the family of the oecophoridae .. This animal, as the name indicates openly, feeds and attacks the artichoke, but absolutely does not disdain the other composites Alice Says: August 28th, 2008 at 9:04 am. Last week I bought a small stick insect in a museum in Padua. I had never seen before and after the basic explanations of the guide, it intrigued me, and I bought one Who is the scutigera coleoptrata (Italian scolopendra or millipede / centipede) The scutigera (or commonly called millipede / centipede) is a yellowish-gray arthropod with 15 pairs of long and very thin legs. It can be easily found in domestic environments and it is an insectivore, that is, it feeds by killing other insects. The parasites of the hazelnut tree are numerous and are basically divided into animal parasites (mites and insects), fungi and bacteria. Here are some of the main adversities affecting the hazelnut in our growing area
1 Phytosanitary Bulletin N 23 of 07 June 2016 CODITA Headquarters: Via G.Messina, Taranto Tel. 099 / Fax. 099 / Operational Headquarters: via Paisiello, Massafra Tel. 099 / Fax. 099 / CITRUS Phenological phases: Fruit set - Fruit development (BBCH 73-74). Phytosanitary situation: Aphids, serpentine miner, red spider (in localized areas). Integrated defense: Having ascertained the presence of aphids, intervene with products registered on the crop: upon exceeding the threshold of 5% of the affected shoots on clementines and 10% on orange for the green aphid by 25% of the affected shoots for the dark aphid, lowering the threshold in the case of growing plants. Against mites, intervene when the intervention threshold of 10% of infested leaves for Tetranicus urticae and 30% for Panonichus citri is exceeded. Against the serpentine miner, action is taken exclusively on young growing plants and re-grafts, using products registered on the crop and against the disease to be contained, alternating use. Place traps for monitoring the flights of the strong red citrus cochineal (Aonidiella aurantii) inside your citrus grove. OLIVE Phenological phases: Flowering Fruit development (BBCH 69 71). Phytosanitary situation: Presence of fungal diseases and mange, woody insects, moths, antophagous generation (catches in traps). Integrated defense: Place the traps for monitoring the moth (Prays oleae) inside your olive grove. Plot the flight curve of the adults of the anthophagous generation intervening almost at the end of the flight curve, and in any case before the hardening of the core, when the intervention threshold is exceeded, with dimethoate-based products. For oil olives the threshold is 10-15% of eggs and larvae penetrating the olivines, for table ones it is 5-7%. Phytosanitary measures to be implemented to contain the spread of Xylella fastidiosa subspecie pauca strain CoDiRO DGR- 08/04/2016 n 459 PLANT HEALTH MEASURES TO BE TAKEN IN THE SPECIFIC DELIMITED ZONES Containment area of the province of Lecce, entire municipal area of Torchiarolo, Cellino S. Marco, S. Pietro Vernotico, pinpoint outbreaks in the provinces of Brindisi and Taranto In these infected areas, the implementation of the following phytosanitary measures is extremely important.
2 Olive grove management It is mandatory to carry out severe extraordinary pruning on all plants found to be infected or showing obvious symptoms of CoDiRO, with subsequent continuous removal of the new vegetation in post-intervention, including suckers, in order to avoid the presence of the young vegetation very appetizing for vectors and consequently the acquisition and transmission of X. fastidiosa. In the first application phase, for all plants already found to be infected, the extraordinary severe pruning interventions must be carried out by May 15, 2016 and in any case no later than 15 days from the publication of this document in the BURP. Company-wide control of the execution of this prescription will be carried out within 60 days of the set deadline. Subsequently, the owner / tenant must promptly proceed with the mandatory execution of the interventions mentioned above for plants that will show evident symptoms of CoDiRO or that will be ascertained as infected following the monitoring activity. The company-wide control of the execution will be carried out periodically. It is compulsory to carry out the ordinary pruning of the plants every two years on the entire olive grove of these areas. It is recommended to carry out an annual pruning and where relevant an extraordinary pruning. Vector management Mechanical control of the juvenile stages of the vectors is compulsory, both in agricultural and extra-agricultural land and in urban areas, through surface work on the soil or shredding and burying of spontaneous vegetation. The fight against the carrier by mechanical means is mandatory in the period from March 1st to April 15th of each year. During the first application of the measures, this period is extended until 30 April. Company-wide control of the execution of this prescription will be carried out within 45 days of the established deadline. It is recommended to carry out ordinary phytosanitary interventions against olive parasites and in particular for the control of rodwood, moth, olive fly and margaronia with authorized insecticides that are also effective against P. spumarius (see table 1) . It should be noted that the most effective treatments to contain the adult population of the spittoon and consequently the spread of the bacterium must be carried out especially in the period between May and August (2 treatments). Other requirements The planting of host species is prohibited, except as provided, by way of derogation, by decision 2015/2417, which only authorizes the planting of host plants for scientific purposes within the containment area referred to in Article 7, at outside the area referred to in Article 7 (2) (c). The marketing of Xylella host species is prohibited, with the sole exception for professional operators authorized pursuant to paragraph 2 of art. 12 of Ministerial Decree 06/19/2015 and subsequent amendments The collection of plant material (with the exception of fruits) from the host species of Xylella, cultivated and / or spontaneous, present in the territory is prohibited, without prejudice to any exceptions for scientific purposes, authorized pursuant to art. 45 and 46 of Legislative Decree 214/05 and any monitoring operations. Buffer zone It consists of an area on the border of the infected zone that extends seamlessly from the Ionian to the Adriatic and having a width of about 10 km, in which all the necessary measures must be implemented to limit the spread of the bacterium. and to keep that area free. Olive grove management It is mandatory to carry out ordinary pruning of the plants every two years. The company-wide control of the execution will be carried out periodically. It is recommended to carry out an annual pruning and, where relevant, an extraordinary pruning. Vector management Mechanical control of the juvenile stages of the vectors is compulsory, both in agricultural and extra-agricultural land, and in urban areas, through surface work on the soil or shredding and burying of spontaneous vegetation. The fight against the carrier by mechanical means is mandatory in the period from March 1st to April 15th of each year. During the first application of the measures, this period is extended until 30 April. Company-wide control of the execution of this prescription will be carried out within 45 days of the established deadline. It is recommended to perform the ordinary phytosanitary interventions against parasites of the olive tree and
3 particularly for the control of rodilegno, moth, olive fly and margaronia with authorized insecticides that are also effective against P. spumarius (see table 1). It should be noted that the most effective treatments to contain the adult population of the spittoon and consequently the spread of the bacterium must be carried out especially in the period between May and August (2 treatments). Other requirements The marketing of host species of X. fastidiosa is prohibited, with the sole exception for professional operators authorized pursuant to paragraph 2 of art. 12 of Ministerial Decree 06/19/2015 and subsequent amendments It is forbidden to take plant material (with the exception of fruits) from the host species of X. fastidiosa, cultivated and / or spontaneous, present in the territory, subject to any exceptions for scientific purposes, authorized pursuant to art. 45 and 46 of Legislative Decree 214/05 and any monitoring operations. In case of purchase of "specified plants" referred to in Annex 1 of Decision EU / 2015/789 and subsequent amendments, for subsequent planting, it is mandatory that they are accompanied by the plant passport.Surveillance zone It consists of an area on the border of the "buffer zone", which extends seamlessly from the Ionian to the Adriatic, with a width of about 30 km, in which all the necessary measures must be implemented to limit the spread of the bacterium and to keep this area unscathed. Olive grove management It is recommended to carry out ordinary pruning of the olive groves every two years. Vector management It is compulsory to carry out the mechanical control of the juvenile stages of the vectors, both in agricultural and extra-agricultural land, and in urban areas, through the superficial tillage of the soil or the shredding and burying of spontaneous vegetation. The fight against the carrier by mechanical means is mandatory in the period from March 1st to April 15th of each year. During the first application of the measures, this period is extended until 30 April. Company-wide control of the execution of this prescription will be carried out within 45 days of the established deadline. It is recommended to carry out the ordinary phytosanitary interventions against olive tree parasites and in particular for the control of rodwood, moth, olive fly and margaronia with authorized insecticides that are also effective against P. spumarius (see table 1 ). It should be noted that the most effective treatments to contain the adult population of the spittoon and consequently the spread of the bacterium must be carried out especially in the period between May and August (2 treatments). Other requirements In case of purchase of "specified plants" referred to in Annex 1 of Decision EU / 2015/789 and subsequent amendments, for subsequent planting or marketing, it is mandatory that they are accompanied by the plant passport. Free area The free area of the regional territory, referred to in the Ministerial Decree of 18/02/2016, consists of the remaining territory of the Puglia Region located north of the "surveillance area". Olive grove management It is recommended to carry out ordinary pruning of the olive groves every two years. Vector management Mechanical control of the juvenile stages of vectors is recommended by means of surface work or shredding and burying of spontaneous vegetation to be carried out by April. It is recommended to carry out the ordinary phytosanitary interventions against olive tree parasites and in particular for the control of rodwood, moth, olive fly and margaronia with authorized insecticides that are also effective against P. spumarius (see table 1 ). It should be noted that the most effective treatments to contain the adult population of the spittoon and consequently the spread of the bacterium must be carried out especially in the period between May and August (2 treatments).
4 Other requirements In case of purchase of "specified plants" referred to in Annex 1 of Decision EU / 2015/789 and subsequent amendments, for subsequent planting or marketing, it is mandatory that they are accompanied by the plant passport.
5 Modification of the delimited areas pursuant to the European Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/764 amending the Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/789 Annexes 1 and 2 with the new perimeter
7 VINE Phenological phases: Fruit set, berry enlargement (BBCH: 71-75) Phytosanitary situation: Downy mildew, oil stains, powdery mildew, escoriosis, mites, thrips, 1st generation carpophagous moth (trapped in traps), cochineal. Integrated defense: Repeat the intervention against downy mildew and powdery mildew based on the persistence of action of the products used. On table grapes undergoing rapid growth, pay particular attention to the presence of grapes affected by powdery mildew and, if present, alternate active substances with different mechanisms of action, adopting lower intervals. Check the traps for monitoring the moth (1st generation carpophagous), of which the first catches have begun in localized areas since 1st June. In relation to the plant protection product to be used for defense, it is necessary to intervene after 7-8 days from the beginning of the catch if phosphoric ester insecticides are used after 3-4 days if growth regulators are used after 4-5 days if products based on Bacillus thuringiensis, Indoxacarb, Spinosad, Emamectin, Clorantraniliprole, repeating it after 10 days. In the vineyards where cochineal attacks (Planococcus spp) occurred last year, pay attention to the ascent of the nymphs, hidden under the bark of the stumps, towards the green shoots and subsequently near the clusters. Only intervene locally on the infested stumps and, in case of generalized attacks, on the whole vineyard area. CAULIFLOWER Phenological phases: ///////////////// Phytosanitary situation: ///////////////// Integrated defense: ////// /////////// LETTUCE Phenological phases: Plant growth and maturation. Phytosanitary situation: Presence of moth larvae and rots of various origins. Integrated defense: Against moth larvae, if present in current crops, intervene promptly, especially on hooded cultivars, so as not to make defense difficult in the subsequent stages of cap formation. Take action against the possible presence of fungal diseases, especially if the weather is rather humid and especially on new plants against root and collar rot. Remember to always intervene that the shortage period of the products used can be respected and that they are recorded on the crop and the parasites to be contained. APPLICATION TECHNIQUE OF TREATMENTS AND NEW PLANTS The effectiveness of an antiparasitic treatment essentially depends on the application technique it wants:
8 -) in-depth knowledge of the parasites to be contained, to hit them at the most propitious moment and when the natural antagonism is interfered as little as possible -) maximum efficiency of the equipment for the interventions -) preparation of the crop so as to be able to easily hit the parasite -) in cases of doubt, ask for the help of expert technical specialists, to avoid carrying out interventions of doubtful outcome For example in cases of an already implanted field, if there are virosized plants, weed them up, take them out and destroy them, while against the possible presence of adversity , especially of larvae of lepidoptera and aphids, thrips and whiteflies, vectors of viruses, first ascertain the need for treatment and then intervene, provided that it is possible to respect, better if with the widest margin of safety, the period of shortage of the products to use. Remember that the water used for the treatments must have a ph lower than 7. A new plant is successful if the propagation plants are healthy and the soil for the plant is free from hydraulic-agricultural and phytosanitary problems.
1 PROPOSALS TO ADDRESS THE RAPID DE-DRYING COMPLEX OF OLIVE TREES (CoDiRO) IN THE TERRITORY OF THE PUGLIA REGION FOREWORD Following the issue of the INTERVENTION PLAN art. 1 c. 4 of OCDPC 225/2015 published on 16 March 2015 by the Delegated Commissioner Dr. Giuseppe Silletti, FederBio as an interprofessional organization in the organic sector has deemed it necessary to take action to protect the interests of organic companies in the area concerned and to make an effective contribution to Competent authorities for defining the necessary interventions to deal with the emergency in line with the aforementioned Plan. The working group set up by FederBio involved experts indicated by agricultural producer organizations, authorized certification bodies, the association of producers of biological technical means, the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari and the University of Bari and is composed as follows: Pino Mele , Antonello Russo, Carlo Bazzocchi (UPBio) Massimo Benuzzi (IBMA Italy) Alessandro D Elia, Giampaolo Giaracuni, Nicola Lamascese, Matteo Manna, Marino Morrone (FederBio Certification Bodies Members Section) Jenny Calabrese, Vincenzo Verrastro (CIHEAM IAMB) Prof. Francesco Porcelli of the University of Bari 1 Considering that: the Plan mentioned in chapter 4. INTERVENTION PLAN point A.3 - Phytosanitary treatment for the control of adult vectors in olive groves and orchards under point A Spring-summer period states: At least 2 phytosanitary interventions must be carried out with insecticide formulations registered for the crop concerned as reported in the Standards eco-sustainable for the defense of the crops of the Puglia Region the eco-sustainable rules for the defense of the crops of the Puglia Region in relation to the farms conducted with the organic method (and therefore also in the eco-sustainable ones) in the common rules of cultivation at point 5 products authorized in organic farming, states: All the active substances provided for in accordance with EC Reg. 834/07 and 889/08 and s. can be used. m. and i., provided that they are duly registered in Italy, with the exception of what refers to formulations classified as T and T + which can be used only if specifically indicated in the technical cultivation standards.
2 at present there are no active substances regularly authorized and registered in Italy (permitted in organic farming and not even in integrated agriculture) against the vector Philaenus spumarius L. (Sputacchina) and even less against Xylella fastidiosa and, therefore, it will be necessary to authorize some of them, in derogation from current regulations on the protection of agricultural crops, active substances are available and easily available on the market, duly registered by the competent authorities and authorized under organic farming (and therefore also in other eco-sustainable methods, or mandatory and voluntary integrated method) , certainly also effective for the control of the vector and other plant diseases that contribute to worsening the health of olive trees from IAMB processing on data from the BioBank system of the Puglia Region it is estimated that, as of March 31, 2015, the UAA of the organic olive farms of the provinces of Lecce and Brindisi account for approx 16% of the regional total with the following distribution: province of Lecce 860 farms with about ha, province of Brindisi 700 farms with the general conditions of the olive farms in the area, numerous and small, their contiguity with other agricultural productions ( as well as with residential settlements and tourist sites), the risks of drift of plant protection products to be used for the defense of olive groves increase the discovery of substances not permitted for defense, especially in organic farming but also in eco-sustainable agriculture, would cause damage very serious, not only economic, to the numerous organic (and non-organic) companies that market their certified product (it is considered useful to specify that the eventuality of interventions with active substances not present in the EC Reg. No. 889/2008 in case of mandatory control, it is envisaged by article 36 paragraph 4 of the same regulation and therefore no default by the operator r according to the organic method (pursuant to Reg. N. 834/07 and 889/08 and s. m. and i.) such as to incur suspensions or reductions in the premiums of the regional RDP) all those preventive and curative agronomic actions and techniques that do not adopt and / or reduce the use of insecticides or fungicides and the eradication of olive tree or hosts of the vector insect infected by Xylella fastidiosa of no particular historical-cultural value for the plants of particular value, historical or monumental destined for eradication since from the analyzes found to be infected it would be sufficient, as a mandatory alternative measure, the isolation of the same with anti -insect as declared by the Delegate Commissioner Dr. Giuseppe Silletti to the AGRICULTURE COMMISSION, in the Hearing on the Xylella emergency on 18 March, especially regarding the use of herbicides / desiccants 2
3 some scientific sources (see document of the Regional Phytosanitary Service of the Region of Tuscany or of the Phytosanitary Observatory Office of the Puglia Region) indicate that in addition to Xylella there are other pathogens (vascular lignicolous mycetes, yellow rodilegno Zeuzera pyrina) that contribute to the Complex of Rapid Olive Dying (CoDiRO) and the EFSA has already ruled in this regard. Having said all this, we ask to authorize the use of all the s.a. provided for by the Union legislation on organic farming (Reg. CE N. 834/07 and 889/08 and l.m. and i.) for the containment of the specific vector of the bacterium on the olive tree and on the other host species of the vector. 3 Given the risks to health and the considerations in the introduction, it is also requested to assess the obligation, as required by Council Directive 2009/128 / EC, of 21 October 2009, which establishes a framework for community action for the purposes of sustainable use of pesticides in art. 14 of annex III (implemented in Italy by legislative decree No. 150/12 art.19 annex III), to prefer to chemical methods techniques, substances and any other technical means compliant with Union, national and regional regulations on agriculture organic, for non-organic farms present in the area affected by the obligation to fight as well as in the protected areas and in the Nature sites The following are therefore reported what, at the state of the art, are the activities useful for the containment of the vector Philaenus spumarius L. (Sputacchina) and the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa that can be implemented with means and techniques allowed in organic farming, pursuant to Reg. EC N. 834/07 and 889/08 and s. m. and i., reserving the possibility of integrating them with other active substances, products and / or techniques, always permitted under organic conditions. The first guiding criterion in the preparation of the developed list was to allow full compliance with the organic production method both in the farms with olive-growing areas directly involved in the problem and in the others at risk. If our proposals are adopted, it will not be necessary and therefore the case will not arise for the companies concerned to leave the organic certification system even temporarily (art. 36 paragraph 4 of EC Reg. 889/2008). The second guiding criterion was dictated by the need to control the vector in the key moments of its development, which are independent of the olive grove production regime, organic or with other eco-sustainable methodology.
4 The third mandatory criterion was to indicate actions whose effectiveness can be easily monitored, this to collect, already in this first year of implementation, useful field information to better address the containment actions of the bacterium and the vector over the years. to come. In any case, many organic farms, belonging to the system represented by the federation, have already expressed their willingness to carry out any field trials with products and techniques admitted to organic farming. 4 It is specified that the proposed actions are not listed according to an order of importance as it is believed that they contribute in a different but synergistic way to the control of the vector and to the spread of the bacterium, in line with the interdisciplinary and holistic approach of the biological method. It is hoped, for the above, that the Puglia Region will make the proposal referred to in this document its own, so as to avoid the risk of having to compensate organic operators (and not only), forced to downgrade their organic olives due to treatments mandatory and / or contamination from sa drift not provided for pursuant to Reg. N. EC 834/07 and N. 889/08 and s. m. and i. In fact, it is hypothesized that due to the mandatory control plan provided, if the use of insecticides allowed in organic farming is not authorized, the provinces concerned will suffer in the period imposed on insecticide treatments, a multiplication of interventions with active substances not allowed in organic farming, not thinkable in ordinary situations. This would increase the risk of contamination with active substances not permitted in organic farming due to the fact that it derives from the nearby fields, a problem certainly not limited to the cultivation of the olive tree but to all the biological ones present in the territory affected by mandatory control interventions with active substances not permitted by current legislation. for organic farming. In such cases, the Certification Bodies will intervene by carrying out control analyzes to identify the origin of the contamination and if the residue exceeds the values indicated in the D.M. 309 of 2011, and there is confirmation of the contamination of the product by active substances not allowed in organic, will provide for the Suppression of the indications of biologicality. The Certification Bodies will evaluate, if necessary, the return in conversion of the plots involved on the basis of the accidental and technical inevitability determined by the extraordinary and exceptional actions required by the mandatory control plan. The plan of interventions allowed in the organic sector is attached. Bologna, 18/05/2015
5 Operational proposal for the containment actions of the vector of Xylella fastidiosa, Philaenus spumarius (better known as Sputacchina), in farms run under organic farming 5 It is considered appropriate to prepare an intervention strategy that can guide the organic producer this line is based on the studies of vector biology performed by prof. Francesco Porcelli of the University of Bari. Period Type of intervention Explanatory notes March - April Chopping of spontaneous grasses working the soil in the olive groves by adopting techniques for improving and conserving the organic substance) May November-December shredding / mowing of herbs also on canals and ditches. Treatments with natural Pyrethrins (dosage of): 1-2 interventions one week apart (possibly in mixture with amino acids or paraffinic oil) Orange essential oil (8 l / ha) 1-2 interventions one week apart. Possible treatment with natural pyrethrins (mixed with paraffin oil) or orange essential oil.Since the spittoon develops on spontaneous herbs (Cirsium, wild fennel, etc.), the mowing of the herbs and the working of the soil prevents preimaginal development and interrupts the vector cycle only with an agronomic intervention. This operation is essential. This is the period in which the adults of P. spumarius migrate to the olive tree and can infect the plants. With the continuation of the season when the plants harden also the transmission capacities are reduced. The killing treatment is strongly recommended After the olive harvest, when the adults can lay eggs to perpetuate the biological cycle.
6 OTHER ACTIONS PHYSICAL BARRIERS MECHANICAL BARRIERS GOOD PRACTICE It is considered very useful that the aforementioned strategy is complemented by other interventions that help on the one hand to counteract the development and spread of the vector and on the other to ensure overall health of the olive grove. GOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF THE OLIVE GROVE PERIOD AND METHOD OF USE Use cupric products (Mash Protect the bordolese tree, hydroxides, oxychlorides, etc.). olive tree from other pathogens The best application remains pre-harvest autumn and late winter. Aim to reinvigorate the plant through correct pruning, suckering Correct management of the physical and biological fertility of the soil Adhesive bands Non-woven fabric Anti-insect nets Kaolin Pruning is carried out in winter and up to before mignolatura. The suckering can be used to avoid the presence of shoots at the base of the plant so as to prevent the climb on the canopy of the Spittoon. It is important to adopt techniques to improve and preserve the organic substance. to be placed at the beginning of vegetative growth on plants of particular value or in parks and gardens. to be placed at the beginning of vegetative restart on plants of particular value or in parks gardens to be positioned at the beginning of vegetative restart on plants of particular value or in parks gardens The product has shown that if distributed on suckers or adult plants correctly and uniformly, it prevents the leafhopper to feed on (physical effect). The treatments must continue for the entire period in which there is the danger of an attack. DOSES dosage by Dose: 1 treatment at a dose of 4 kg / hl of water, the following ones at 2-3 kg / hl of water. Take good care of the coverage. 6 Trap plants To be treated with Pyrethrum or Orange essential oil, against adults in the pre-reproductive aggregation phase in the field
7 The following section lists other useful substances allowed in organic and biodynamic agriculture to ensure the correct phytosanitary management of the olive grove. PROPOLIS CORROBORANTS Notes and Mechanism of action from site MiPAAF The corroborants are substances of natural origin, defined by the legislation as enhancers of the natural defenses of plants, other than fertilizers, which improve the resistance of plants to harmful organisms. Substances of natural origin, they do not show toxicity under the correct conditions of use. The Presidential Decree n. 55 of 28 February 2012 Regulation containing amendments to the decree of the President of the Republic of 23 April 2001, n. 290, for the simplification of the authorization procedures for the production, marketing and sale of plant protection products and related adjuvants, has defined and regulated the use of corroborants, enhancers of plant defenses, referring, for the list of substances, to the Annex I of the aforementioned Ministerial Decree n A corroborant can be approved only after relevant assessments carried out by a specific Technical Commission. The phenolic components (flavones, flavonoids and flavonones) exhibit phytostimulating properties, favor the self-defense of the plant and enhance the action of some pesticides. The polyphenol content is expressed in galangine taken as a reference term. 7 FOOD VEGETABLE OILS Vegetable oils seem to interfere with the physiology of pathogen-plant interactions, to be used also to support registered pesticides. BIODYNAMIC PREPARATIONS STONE OR ROCK POWDER The biodynamic preparations were described for the first time by Rudolf Steiner in They occur, for the most part, in a "humified" form and are active in infinitesimal doses. They act on the soil and on the plants, enhancing the vegetative and / or productive behaviors and improving the yield and quality of the productions. Biodynamic preparations are distinguished in spray preparations and compost preparations. The Demeter private association, which certifies biodynamic productions, provides clear instructions and standards for the production and use of these products. They stimulate and improve the biological activity of the soil and plants. The characteristics vary according to the mineral composing the ground rock, for example: basalt, granite, bentonite, Brazilian algamatolite, dolomite, etc. The major component of stone powders is generally silicic acid, the basalt powder can contain up to 75%. Together with silicic acid there are, depending on the composition of the powder, different percentages of magnesium, calcium and microelements (such as iron, copper and molybdenum). Silicic acid favors the strengthening of leaves and stems and also the minerals and microelements that make up the rock help to strengthen the plant. The rock dust also has a mechanical action (physical barrier) and, thanks to its hygroscopic characteristics, it can act as a dehydrator, drying the external part of the plants and thus reducing the risks of proliferation and development of parasites.
8 This section shows a list of active substances allowed in organic farming with registration on olive trees and declared activity against leafhoppers. Correct management of the phytosanitary defense against common parasites of the olive tree or other productive plants such as the olive moth (Prays oleae) the cochineal half peppercorn (Saissetia oleae), the rhinchite (Coenorrhynus cribripennis) the margaronia ( Palpita unionalis) and the olive fly (Bactrocera oleae). The insecticides generally used for such pests are also effective in controlling leafhoppers. ACTIVE SUBSTANCES FIELD OF USE all authorized uses are indicated RANGE OF ACTION RECOMMENDED DOSES 8 ORANGE ESSENTIAL OIL AUTHORIZED USES Vines Horticultural Strawberry Peach Cherry Actinidia Olive Citrus Pear Apple Tree Floral crops Ornamental trees and shrubs Downy mildew Oidium Tripidi of the Red Fly Eeles fruit Metcalfa Leafhoppers (Philaenus spumarius) Carpocapsa on olive tree 8 / lt / ha PYRETHRINES AUTHORIZED USE AND SAFETY INTERVAL (days) - Decree 27 August 2004 (GU n 292 of 14 December 2004, Suppl Ord n 179): Crops: Citrus fruits, almond, stone, pome fruit, stone fruit, vine, strawberry, fig, pomegranate, olive tree. 2 Vegetables (excluding mushrooms). 2 Sunflower. 2 Potato. 2 Cereals. 2 Sugar beet. 2 Legume forage. 2 Tobacco. 2 Floral, ornamental Stored foodstuffs: Fresh fruit. 2 Fresh tomato. 2 Cereals in grains. 2 Grain legumes. 2 Other uses: Disinfestation of seeds. Use on floral and ornamental for apartments and domestic gardens. Ornamental and forestry sites in green areas such as parks, avenues and public gardens. It should be noted that some products based on pyrethrins have obtained the extension of use on raspberry and blackberry. Indicated for the fight against various insects, such as Aphids, Moths, Cicalina, Psille, Tingidi, Thrips, Cavolaia, Bemisia of aubergine and tobacco, tomato and fruit fly in stock, etc. doses in (which may vary from product to product)
9 ACTIVE SUBSTANCES PARAFFINIC MINERAL OIL FIELD OF USE all authorized uses are indicated AUTHORIZED USE AND SAFETY INTERVAL (days) - Decree 23 July 2008 (GU n 265 del, Suppl Ord n 251): Crops: Citrus, almond, walnut , hazelnut, pome fruit, stone fruit, grapevine, currant, fig, olive tree, kiwi, persimmon Tomato, pepper, cucurbits, bean, celery, fennel, artichoke Potato Corn Sugar beet Floral, ornamental, forestry Other uses: Use on floral and ornamental plants apartment and home garden. Adjuvant in the post-emergency treatments of weeds on autumn-winter cereals, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, beans, artichokes, celery, fennel, cucurbits, sugar beets, corn and soy. It should be noted that some mineral oil-based products have the entry "fruiting in general" and therefore can be used on all fruit plants. RANGE OF ACTION Particularly suitable for the control of Cochineals but also fights Aphids, Psylla, Moths, Lepidoptera eggs, Mites, Eriofidae, Leafhoppers, Metcalfa, Thrips, Cotonello, Leaf miners, Green Bug, Aleurodidae, Iceria, Whitefly, Beetles , Diptera miners, Lepidoptera, Dorifora eggs, Psille, Tingidi, Cleono, Lisso, Altica, Pegonia betae, Cassis, Altomaria, Piralide, Noctuids. RECOMMENDED DOSES 0,8-1lt / hl (to be used in specific cases also mixed with pyrethrum) 9 POTASSIUM SALTS OF FATTY ACIDS AUTHORIZED USES AND SAFETY INTERVAL (days) - Decree 27 August 2004 (GU n 292 of 14 December 2004, Suppl Ord n 179): Apple, pear, peach, vine. 3 Tomato, pepper, eggplant, cucumber, melon. 3 Basil, rosemary, mint, sage, thyme, marjoram Gerbera, poinsettia Fights soft-bodied plant parasites such as Aphids, Aleurodidae, Mites, Psylla, Leafhoppers and Cochineal nymphs. dosage from
10 ACTIVE SUBSTANCES SPINOSAD FIELD OF USE all authorized uses are indicated AUTHORIZED USE AND SAFETY INTERVAL (days) Below is a summary of the authorized uses and safety intervals (min / max) of this active substance as they are from the labels of plant protection products that contain it alone or in a mixture with other active substances. Citrus fruits (orange, bitter orange, bergamot, cedar, chinotto, clementine, lime, lemon, mandarin, mapo, grapefruit, tangelo, tangerine). 3 Vine Melo, pear, quince, wild apple, medlar, Japanese medlar, nashi, peach, nectarine, apricot, cherry, plum, black cherry, myrobalan, walnut, kernel, almond, chestnut, pistachio, olive, fig, pomegranate, kaki, annona, prickly pear. 7 Strawberry, blackberry, raspberry, blueberry, blueberry, currant, gooseberry, elderberry, dog rose, rowan. 3 Potato. 7 Onion, garlic, shallot, leek, asparagus, artichoke, thistle, fennel, celery, rhubarb, green bean, jackdaw (mangiatutto pea). 7 Tomato, pepper, aubergine, melon, cucumber, pumpkin, courgette, watermelon, lettuce and fresh herbs (lettuce, radicchio, chicory, endive or escarole, rocket, lamb's lettuce, watercress, rosemary, basil, chives, marjoram, lemon balm, mint , oregano, parsley, sage, thyme, savory, rue, burnet, nettle, hyssop, tarragon, chervil, sorrel, nasturtium), spinach, chard from leaves and ribs, bean, pea, chickpea, cicerchia, lentil, head cabbage and flowering cabbage (cauliflower, broccoli, red and white cabbage, Brussels cabbage, savoy cabbage). 3 Corn, sweet corn. 3 Caper. 7 Floral crops in open fields and greenhouses (rose, chrysanthemum, carnation, gerbera) Ornamental crops, nurseries (of ornamental, fruit and vine, forestry), new plantings of fruit-bearing species and vines not yet in production Ornamental tree species Turf for use ornamental and sporting Authorizations in derogation (art.53 Reg. 1107/2009) With the Decree of 9 March 2015, the Spintor Fly and Tracer Fly products have obtained the extension of use on the cherry tree for the control of Rhagoletis cerasi with validity from 15 May 2015 to '11 September RANGE OF ACTION Diptera, Thrips, Liriomyza, Moths of the vine, Carpocapsa, Tortricidi embroiderers and other harmful insects. RECOMMENDED DOSES dosage of 10
11 The following section reports other active substances with registration on olive trees and leafhoppers of which the evaluations are still in progress FIELD OF USE DOSES ACTIVE SUBSTANCES RANGE OF ACTION all the authorized uses RECOMMENDED AZADIRACTINA AUTHORIZED USE AND SAFETY INTERVAL are indicated (in days) - Decree 23 July 2008 (GU n 265 del, Suppl Ord n 251): Grapefruit, lemon, mandarin, orange, apple, pear, apricot, cherry, peach, plum, vine, strawberry, blackberry, blackberry, raspberry, blueberry, currant, gooseberry, fig, kiwi, persimmon, olive tree. 3 Almond, chestnut, stone, walnut. 7 Carrot, onion, tomato, pepper, aubergine, cucumber, courgette, melon, watermelon, cauliflower, head cabbage, savoy cabbage, lettuce, escarole / endive, rocket, chicory / radicchio, shallot, garlic, pumpkin, spinach, chard and from the coast, parsley, basil, green beans, celery, fennel, leek, cultivated mushrooms. 3 Cotton. 3 Potato. 3 Sugar beet. 3 Tobacco. 3 Floral, ornamental and forestry Other uses: Injection to the trunk of plane tree and horse chestnut. Application in the nursery on authorized crops in the field. Localized application (through injections or brush strokes to the trunk) on forest and ornamental sites, parks, avenues and public gardens. Foliar application on floral and ornamental in parks, avenues and public gardens. Notes: Application to the crop and the soil. It is characterized by a broad spectrum of action which includes Rincoti Homoptera (whiteflies and aphids), Lepidoptera, Diptera (agromizidae and Sciaridae), Coleoptera and others. It also manifests an acaricidal side effect and a nematostatic action on root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). - Actinidia, persimmon: against Aleurodidi, Cicaline. - Citrus fruits (oranges, lemons, grapefruits, mandarins): against Aphids, Aleurodidi, Leafhoppers, Leaf miners (Lepidoptera), Thrips. - Apricot, peach, plum: against Aphids, Leafhoppers, Leaf miners (Lepidoptera), Thrips. - Cherry: against Aphids. - Strawberry: against Aphids, Aleurodidi, Thrips, Noctuids. - Apple tree: against Aphids, Leafhoppers, Leaf miners (Lepidoptera), Thrips. - Olivo: against Moths. dosage of 11 BEAUVERIA BASSIANA AUTHORIZED USE AND SAFETY INTERVALS (days) - Decree 27 August 2004 (GU n 292 of 14 December 2004, Suppl Ord n 179): Citrus fruits, chestnut, hazelnut, apple, pear, apricot, cherry, peach , plum, strawberry, bramble, raspberry Carrot, tomato, pepper, aubergine, watermelon, melon, pumpkin, courgette, cucumber, lettuce, endive, radicchio, basil . n) has obtained the extension of use on olive, quince, fig, prickly pear, kiwi, persimmon, medlar and nashi. It is active against all stages but particularly against the juvenile forms of whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci argentifolii, Trialeurodes vaporariorum), thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis, Thrips tabaci), fruit fly (Ceratis capitata), red spider (Tetranychus urticae) and some species of aphids (Nasonovia ribis-nigri, Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae). It is also indicated against elateridae, leafhoppers, tingide and balanino. dosage from