The tiger lily is the most prominent representative of the Liliaceae family. The plant of impressive height (1.5–2 m) looks attractive in any flower arrangement. Despite the bright beauty, this representative of the flora is unpretentious, therefore it is very popular with gardeners.
The lanceolate beauty originated from the wild forest lily native to Japan and China. It happened in the 19th century. Since then, not many varieties have been bred by breeders. Consider a description of the most popular of them:
The popularity of the tiger lily is so great that a princess is named after her - a character from a book about the adventures of Peter Pan. “As beautiful as a lily, and unbridled as a tiger” - this is how the Scottish writer James Barry described his heroine.
In this video, an expert will tell you how to properly plant and propagate lilies in the garden.
Growing lilies is not a hassle if you immediately find a good place and create favorable conditions.
Lilies of this species prefer a temperate climate. The optimum temperature for their active growth and flowering is + 19 ... + 26 ° C. When planting lilies, choose slightly shaded areas where there is sufficient sun in the morning. This is an important point, since lilies only open in good light. The root zone, on the contrary, is recommended to be shaded. This can be done with undersized and ornamental plants.
Lilies bloom best on light, fertile soil with neutral or slightly high acidity. They cannot stand water stagnation, therefore, when planting, you need to take care of high-quality drainage. The area where the lilies will be planted must be dug to the depth of a shovel, compost (1 bucket / m²), as well as mineral fertilizers - superphosphate (100 g) and potassium salt (50 g).
For planting, babies are usually used, which are separated from the bulbs of adult plants. Before that, they are dipped for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g / 10 l of water).
The planting process is simple:
The care of the bed is standard: watering, gentle loosening and weeding. Sprouted bulbs are transplanted to a permanent place, where they bloom after 1–2 years. Annual flowering is repeated every 4–5 years. Then the bulbs are depleted, but babies ripen on them, which are used for reproduction.
Tiger lilies are deadly to cats. All parts of this plant contain substances that are toxic to furry pets, which, if eaten, cause kidney failure.
In addition to daughter bulbs, lilies can be propagated in several other ways:
Lily bulbs have medicinal properties. They are used for the manufacture of pain relievers, tonic, hemostatic drugs and folk remedies.
Lilies do not need abundant watering. If they grow in a shaded part of the garden or are in a composition with ground cover plants, then they do not need to be watered. When located in a sunny area, moderate watering at the root is needed during the flowering period. It is better to produce them in the morning, so that excess moisture evaporates during the day.
After flowering, watering is gradually reduced. To maintain the necessary moisture, the soil is mulched or pallets with wet moss are used. It is also required to regularly loosen the soil and remove weeds, which can be carriers of fungi and pests.
Regular feeding of lilies is also not required. Only during the period of active flowering, it is recommended to feed them with complex fertilizers 1 time in 3 weeks, but this is not necessary. If the flowers are planted in fertile soil and bloom well, then mineral fertilizers can be dispensed with or replaced with compost. The latter is scattered on the surface in spring, and is also introduced during transplantation.
Lilies have excellent winter hardiness, and in snowy winters they do not need shelter - just a layer of snow is enough. But since snow is not always and not in all regions, it is better to hide wintering bulbs under a layer of organic matter.
When the flowering period ends and the leaves begin to lose their elasticity, the stems must be cut to a height of 10 cm, after which, closer to the frost, the bulbs should be covered with peat or humus.
Growing in a garden with other plants, lilies can be affected by fusarium, rust, gray rot. In addition, this species itself is a carrier of the mosaic virus, which manifests itself in spots on the leaves. To prevent these diseases from destroying the plants, they are sprayed from time to time with "Baktofit" or "Fundazol".
Typical pests of lilies are aphids, leaf beetles, scoops, lily flies, thrips. If insects appear on a flower, there is nothing left but to use insecticides: "Aktara", "Iskra", "Confidor".
Tiger lilies are often used in landscape design. Due to their height, they look gorgeous against the background of a flower arrangement or in the center of a large flower bed. In this case, you need to take into account the height, texture and shades of other colors that make up the composition.
So, tiger lilies go well with ground cover plants: stonecrop, periwinkle, saxifrage. Bright large flowers look advantageous against the background of ferns and stunted conifers. Terry varieties will make a great composition with phlox, asters. A yellow or brick lily will be favorably set off by a delphinium. The main thing is that the complementary plants are below the lilies themselves.
“I have been breeding lilies for a long time, but tiger lilies are my favorite. I have several varieties that bloom at different times, so the garden is always fragrant. "
“As an experienced florist, I can say that these are the most hardy lilies. Even if you don't pay attention to them, they still bloom all summer ”.
Tiger lilies are the most luxurious and unpretentious representatives of the garden flora. They are suitable both for a home flower garden and for a design composition. In addition, even a novice gardener can grow this beauty.
Ornamental grasses are found in many gardens and are grown for a long period of decorativeness, airiness and lightness that they bring to garden design.
Herbs are the perfect choice if you are relaxing in the garden. A garden for people, not people for a garden. From a rational point of view, herbs are beneficial, and from an aesthetic point of view, they are very beautiful.
Using herbs in the landscape design of the garden, you get a quick effect - they grow quickly, and already in the year of planting (less often on the second) they will acquire all their inherent decorativeness, even if they were transplanted from a small flower garden.
Grasses make it impossible for weeds to actively grow.
Also, herbs do not get sick and can be easily dispensed with without additional fertilizers.
Now you can choose herbs for different growing conditions and with different illumination. Even if you have very poor soils and the very hot sun - there are options, and there are many of them. And if you have a difficult area, heavy soils, close groundwater and water stagnation, you will also find many options.
And for less extreme conditions, there are even more of them. Choosing herbs, you will not go wrong! They have a lot of advantages: a stable planting that requires minimal maintenance, and a long-term decorative effect, which can reach 9-10 months.
Spring pruning of herbs in an ornamental garden
The attitude to fragrant plants was special - the fragrance was given by the gods as a gift to the plant at its birth and could be taken away as punishment, as happened with the camellia. Gifted by the gods alyssum, heliotrope, levkoy, fragrant tobacco, petunias, mignonette, marigolds, we can plant as annuals.
An interesting plant - mirabilis yalapa - is not even difficult to preserve, if you dig an underground part for wintering in late autumn. It is endowed with an unusual heady aroma with a tropical touch. Its flowers bloom in the afternoon and can be of the most varied colors - snow-white, pink, yellow, purple.
This plant is originally from Mexico, but will be organic in the Mediterranean garden already due to the aroma. Carnations are lush, greyish blue and feathery, fragrant violets, some daylilies and lilies are all scent.
This plant loves a lot of light, sun-drenched areas or light shade are well suited for it. As for the soil, it should be light, humus and have drainage in order to prevent destructive stagnation of moisture.
The growing area must be mulched with humus, which will provide organic fertilization. In addition, a complex mineral dressing should be applied once every 15 days, and during flowering, the frequency of fertilizers is increased to once a week.
Lilies do not require an annual transplant in the fall to another place. They need a bright or slightly shaded area with drained soil. Lilies are planted both in spring and autumn to a depth of three bulb heights.
If the soil is scarce, compost is added to the planting hole. Sand is poured directly under the bottom, and the roots are sprinkled with sand. After planting, the plant is abundantly watered and mulched. Lilies can be planted in any soil, except for those containing a lot of lime.
Lilies are majestic beautiful flowers. They are very different from each other in the shape of the flower, size, color. Before talking about the placement of lilies in flower beds, you need to get to know them better.
Lily is a herbaceous plant with a true bulb, represented by 110 species, which originate mainly from Asia. It has a distinct dormant period, which occurs during the cold season. The growth of the bushes varies from 30 cm to almost two and a half meters, but most plants reach 100-150 cm.The diameter of the flower is from 2.5 cm to 30 cm, the color is any, except blue and black (possibly breeders at the time of this writing have already fixed this annoying defect). The smell can be both repulsive and exquisitely bewitching. Flowering occurs depending on the species, variety or hybrid from June to October.
The perianth consists of six loose leaves close at the base, more or less bent at the edges. According to the shape of the flower, there is such a classification:
In cultural floriculture, when creating varieties and hybrids, the following types are most often used:
On the basis of the species listed above, numerous hybrids have been created that are more resistant to environmental influences, with larger flowers of various colors. We present the current International classification of hybrid lilies.
This is the largest group of lilies, reaching a height of 50 to 150 cm.The flowers can be of any variety and color, they reach 10-12 cm in diameter.
This group blooms in June-July.
The height of the flower is 120-180 cm, the peduncle can contain up to 25 drooping turbid flowers with a diameter of 5-8 cm of various colors. Blossoming - June-July.
The standard of the group is Lilia Terracotta. Height is 120-180 cm, turbid or tubular flowers of yellow, cream, apricot color reach 10-12 cm in diameter, have curved petals. The inflorescence blooms in June-July.
This group is one of the most promising for further hybridization. The height of these lilies reaches 120-210 cm. The pyramidal inflorescences, containing up to 20 turbid-shaped flowers with a diameter of 10-12 cm, bloom in July. Coloring - orange, yellow, red with burgundy or black specks.
Delicate lilies with a delicate aroma are grown mainly for cut. We only spend the winter with good shelter.
Plants are 120-180 cm high. Flowers up to 20 cm long, most often have white, yellow, orange or red-brown colors. Depending on the shape of the glass, they are divided into:
They all bloom from July to August.
This group consists of large, decorative and capricious varieties. Their height can reach from 0.5 to 2.5 meters, flowers up to 30 cm in diameter are cup-shaped and are most often painted in white, red, pink colors, which are combined in various combinations.
This group consists of new interspecific hybrids not included in the previous sections:
This group includes all species lilies.
A huge number of varieties of shapes and colors allows you to create a dream garden of paradise, which does not require painstaking care and pleases the whole season with exuberant flowering. Each variety is great in its own way, but combining them is an exciting activity, for which six acres may not be enough.How to grow a hydrangea in the garden is not difficult, it is important to choose the right variety.
Consider the most popular varieties of this amazing shrub that do well in central Russia:
Excellent cold resistance
Advice. When deciding on the choice of a variety, you need to pay attention to the average height of the plant and the width of the bush in order to create a correctly built landscape composition.
Pictured Mediterranean style
Let's briefly dwell on the recommendations that the design instructions give, in choosing one or another variety to create an effective composition:
Advice. When choosing a variety, it is important to take into account that the color may differ from the declared one on different types of soil.
Pink tones appear on alkaline soils, and blues on acidic soils.
This fact does not apply to whites and creams.
Done right, a wild bloom and delicious scent are guaranteed. But how to grow hydrangea in the garden? Let's start from the very beginning.
Having bought a bush in a store, it is important to find the optimal place for it on the site and choose a good soil mixture.
Special attention to planting material
Advice. In a small area, you can simply plant the bushes in tubs and bring them into a warm room for the winter.
Advice. Usually a ready-made bush is planted on the site, but you can propagate a hydrangea simply by bending and digging a branch for the winter, in the spring it will sprout roots and a full-fledged new bush of magnificent flowers will form.
Young bushes in containers
Proper care of hydrangeas in the garden guarantees abundant flowering. But in some cases, novice gardeners are faced with a problem - a lot of dense foliage, but no flowers. Why doesn't our beauty bloom?
There may be several reasons:
Advice. Buy varieties that are suitable for the planting region.
Many of them delight in the first year with bright inflorescences even in the north of Russia.
Exotic eukomis immediately attracts attention, it can become a bright decoration of any flower garden. The ability to grow in containers allows the pineapple lily to be used as a mobile decoration for a garden, veranda, gazebo or balcony
Structural clear forms make the plant self-sufficient in single plantings.
For joint plantings, coniferous perennials, gerberas, ground cover annuals will be excellent partners. In rockeries, eukomis will become a bright accent during flowering, and then decorate it with its glossy beautiful leaves. Peduncles are suitable for cutting and decorating designer bouquets.
Eukomis is a very exotic plant and is not often found in flower gardens. It is not difficult to grow it, and unusual "pineapple" inflorescences will become a decoration of the garden and the pride of a florist.
perennial bulbous plant from the tropics and subtropics of South Africa. In the middle lane, eukomis is grown only as an indoor flower, planting eukomis in pots in early spring. Eukomis flowers are collected in a brush at the top of the peduncle, which reaches 30-100 cm in height. After flowering, the leaves of eukomis gradually turn yellow and die off, and the plant begins a dormant period. Eukomis belongs to the asparagus family.