Growing and using a tiger lily in garden design: planting options

The tiger lily is the most prominent representative of the Liliaceae family. The plant of impressive height (1.5–2 m) looks attractive in any flower arrangement. Despite the bright beauty, this representative of the flora is unpretentious, therefore it is very popular with gardeners.

Common varieties and hybrids of tiger lilies

The lanceolate beauty originated from the wild forest lily native to Japan and China. It happened in the 19th century. Since then, not many varieties have been bred by breeders. Consider a description of the most popular of them:

  1. Slendens. This variety retains the orange color of the flowers. The plant itself is low (up to 1 m), the buds are large, up to 20 pieces can be located on the stem.
  2. Citronella. The buds of this lily are lemon-yellow, large (up to 12 cm in diameter), bloom for about 25 days. The plant is tall - 1–1.3 m.
  3. Flora Pleno. Terry variety with brick-colored flowers. The buds are large and lush, each with up to 30 petals.
  4. Pink Tiger. The buds of this lily are small and drooping, of a delicate pinkish hue.
  5. Knight Flyer. The brightest tiger variety. Its flowers reach a diameter of 16 cm, the color of the petals is claret-red with rare black blotches.

The popularity of the tiger lily is so great that a princess is named after her - a character from a book about the adventures of Peter Pan. “As beautiful as a lily, and unbridled as a tiger” - this is how the Scottish writer James Barry described his heroine.

Video "Planting and reproduction of lilies"

In this video, an expert will tell you how to properly plant and propagate lilies in the garden.

Features of planting and caring for tiger lilies

Growing lilies is not a hassle if you immediately find a good place and create favorable conditions.

Temperature and lighting requirements

Lilies of this species prefer a temperate climate. The optimum temperature for their active growth and flowering is + 19 ... + 26 ° C. When planting lilies, choose slightly shaded areas where there is sufficient sun in the morning. This is an important point, since lilies only open in good light. The root zone, on the contrary, is recommended to be shaded. This can be done with undersized and ornamental plants.

Soil and nutrient requirements

Lilies bloom best on light, fertile soil with neutral or slightly high acidity. They cannot stand water stagnation, therefore, when planting, you need to take care of high-quality drainage. The area where the lilies will be planted must be dug to the depth of a shovel, compost (1 bucket / m²), as well as mineral fertilizers - superphosphate (100 g) and potassium salt (50 g).

Planting and transplanting

For planting, babies are usually used, which are separated from the bulbs of adult plants. Before that, they are dipped for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g / 10 l of water).

The planting process is simple:

  • small holes 10-15 cm deep are dug;
  • a little sand is poured at the bottom of each, which will provide drainage;
  • the bulbs are buried in the holes, covered with earth, the area is watered abundantly, and if planting is carried out in the fall, then covered with a layer of mulch.

The care of the bed is standard: watering, gentle loosening and weeding. Sprouted bulbs are transplanted to a permanent place, where they bloom after 1–2 years. Annual flowering is repeated every 4–5 years. Then the bulbs are depleted, but babies ripen on them, which are used for reproduction.

Tiger lilies are deadly to cats. All parts of this plant contain substances that are toxic to furry pets, which, if eaten, cause kidney failure.

Other breeding methods

In addition to daughter bulbs, lilies can be propagated in several other ways:

  1. Kidney bulbs. From the second year of life, small bulbs begin to form in the leaf axils. At the end of summer, they are harvested, sown in a substrate, and after rooting, they are transplanted into the soil. By the way, this is how lilies reproduce by self-seeding.
  2. Scales. When transplanting, scales are separated from the bulbs, planted in wet sand and, in greenhouse conditions, after a few months, sprouts appear from them. In this way, more than 100 new plants can be obtained from one bulb.
  3. Seeds. This is a laborious process and an unreliable method, since the seed germination rate is 70%, but it is sometimes used.

Lily bulbs have medicinal properties. They are used for the manufacture of pain relievers, tonic, hemostatic drugs and folk remedies.

Watering rates and soil care

Lilies do not need abundant watering. If they grow in a shaded part of the garden or are in a composition with ground cover plants, then they do not need to be watered. When located in a sunny area, moderate watering at the root is needed during the flowering period. It is better to produce them in the morning, so that excess moisture evaporates during the day.

After flowering, watering is gradually reduced. To maintain the necessary moisture, the soil is mulched or pallets with wet moss are used. It is also required to regularly loosen the soil and remove weeds, which can be carriers of fungi and pests.

Fertilizers and feeding

Regular feeding of lilies is also not required. Only during the period of active flowering, it is recommended to feed them with complex fertilizers 1 time in 3 weeks, but this is not necessary. If the flowers are planted in fertile soil and bloom well, then mineral fertilizers can be dispensed with or replaced with compost. The latter is scattered on the surface in spring, and is also introduced during transplantation.

Shelter for the winter

Lilies have excellent winter hardiness, and in snowy winters they do not need shelter - just a layer of snow is enough. But since snow is not always and not in all regions, it is better to hide wintering bulbs under a layer of organic matter.

When the flowering period ends and the leaves begin to lose their elasticity, the stems must be cut to a height of 10 cm, after which, closer to the frost, the bulbs should be covered with peat or humus.

Author's advice

Disease and pest control

Growing in a garden with other plants, lilies can be affected by fusarium, rust, gray rot. In addition, this species itself is a carrier of the mosaic virus, which manifests itself in spots on the leaves. To prevent these diseases from destroying the plants, they are sprayed from time to time with "Baktofit" or "Fundazol".

Typical pests of lilies are aphids, leaf beetles, scoops, lily flies, thrips. If insects appear on a flower, there is nothing left but to use insecticides: "Aktara", "Iskra", "Confidor".

Flower in landscape design

Tiger lilies are often used in landscape design. Due to their height, they look gorgeous against the background of a flower arrangement or in the center of a large flower bed. In this case, you need to take into account the height, texture and shades of other colors that make up the composition.

So, tiger lilies go well with ground cover plants: stonecrop, periwinkle, saxifrage. Bright large flowers look advantageous against the background of ferns and stunted conifers. Terry varieties will make a great composition with phlox, asters. A yellow or brick lily will be favorably set off by a delphinium. The main thing is that the complementary plants are below the lilies themselves.

Florist reviews

“I have been breeding lilies for a long time, but tiger lilies are my favorite. I have several varieties that bloom at different times, so the garden is always fragrant. "

“As an experienced florist, I can say that these are the most hardy lilies. Even if you don't pay attention to them, they still bloom all summer ”.

Tiger lilies are the most luxurious and unpretentious representatives of the garden flora. They are suitable both for a home flower garden and for a design composition. In addition, even a novice gardener can grow this beauty.

A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.

Ornamental grasses are found in many gardens and are grown for a long period of decorativeness, airiness and lightness that they bring to garden design.

Herbs are the perfect choice if you are relaxing in the garden. A garden for people, not people for a garden. From a rational point of view, herbs are beneficial, and from an aesthetic point of view, they are very beautiful.

Using herbs in the landscape design of the garden, you get a quick effect - they grow quickly, and already in the year of planting (less often on the second) they will acquire all their inherent decorativeness, even if they were transplanted from a small flower garden.

Grasses make it impossible for weeds to actively grow.

Also, herbs do not get sick and can be easily dispensed with without additional fertilizers.

Now you can choose herbs for different growing conditions and with different illumination. Even if you have very poor soils and the very hot sun - there are options, and there are many of them. And if you have a difficult area, heavy soils, close groundwater and water stagnation, you will also find many options.

And for less extreme conditions, there are even more of them. Choosing herbs, you will not go wrong! They have a lot of advantages: a stable planting that requires minimal maintenance, and a long-term decorative effect, which can reach 9-10 months.

Spring pruning of herbs in an ornamental garden


The attitude to fragrant plants was special - the fragrance was given by the gods as a gift to the plant at its birth and could be taken away as punishment, as happened with the camellia. Gifted by the gods alyssum, heliotrope, levkoy, fragrant tobacco, petunias, mignonette, marigolds, we can plant as annuals.

An interesting plant - mirabilis yalapa - is not even difficult to preserve, if you dig an underground part for wintering in late autumn. It is endowed with an unusual heady aroma with a tropical touch. Its flowers bloom in the afternoon and can be of the most varied colors - snow-white, pink, yellow, purple.

This plant is originally from Mexico, but will be organic in the Mediterranean garden already due to the aroma. Carnations are lush, greyish blue and feathery, fragrant violets, some daylilies and lilies are all scent.

Belamkanda planting and care in the open field

This plant loves a lot of light, sun-drenched areas or light shade are well suited for it. As for the soil, it should be light, humus and have drainage in order to prevent destructive stagnation of moisture.

The growing area must be mulched with humus, which will provide organic fertilization. In addition, a complex mineral dressing should be applied once every 15 days, and during flowering, the frequency of fertilizers is increased to once a week.

Growing lilies

Lilies do not require an annual transplant in the fall to another place. They need a bright or slightly shaded area with drained soil. Lilies are planted both in spring and autumn to a depth of three bulb heights.

If the soil is scarce, compost is added to the planting hole. Sand is poured directly under the bottom, and the roots are sprinkled with sand. After planting, the plant is abundantly watered and mulched. Lilies can be planted in any soil, except for those containing a lot of lime.

General information about lilies and their classification

Lilies are majestic beautiful flowers. They are very different from each other in the shape of the flower, size, color. Before talking about the placement of lilies in flower beds, you need to get to know them better.

General description

Lily is a herbaceous plant with a true bulb, represented by 110 species, which originate mainly from Asia. It has a distinct dormant period, which occurs during the cold season. The growth of the bushes varies from 30 cm to almost two and a half meters, but most plants reach 100-150 cm.The diameter of the flower is from 2.5 cm to 30 cm, the color is any, except blue and black (possibly breeders at the time of this writing have already fixed this annoying defect). The smell can be both repulsive and exquisitely bewitching. Flowering occurs depending on the species, variety or hybrid from June to October.

Varieties of flowers

The perianth consists of six loose leaves close at the base, more or less bent at the edges. According to the shape of the flower, there is such a classification:

  • Tubular flowers - their bases are closely adjacent to each other, forming a tube.
  • Turbid flowers are usually small, with turned-back petals.
  • The cup-shaped flowers are usually the largest. Their petals are open and shaped like a wide bowl.

Lily species

In cultural floriculture, when creating varieties and hybrids, the following types are most often used:

Lily hybrids

On the basis of the species listed above, numerous hybrids have been created that are more resistant to environmental influences, with larger flowers of various colors. We present the current International classification of hybrid lilies.

Asian hybrids

This is the largest group of lilies, reaching a height of 50 to 150 cm.The flowers can be of any variety and color, they reach 10-12 cm in diameter.

This group blooms in June-July.

Martagon hybrids

The height of the flower is 120-180 cm, the peduncle can contain up to 25 drooping turbid flowers with a diameter of 5-8 cm of various colors. Blossoming - June-July.

Candidum hybrids

The standard of the group is Lilia Terracotta. Height is 120-180 cm, turbid or tubular flowers of yellow, cream, apricot color reach 10-12 cm in diameter, have curved petals. The inflorescence blooms in June-July.

American hybrids

This group is one of the most promising for further hybridization. The height of these lilies reaches 120-210 cm. The pyramidal inflorescences, containing up to 20 turbid-shaped flowers with a diameter of 10-12 cm, bloom in July. Coloring - orange, yellow, red with burgundy or black specks.

Long-flowered hybrids

Delicate lilies with a delicate aroma are grown mainly for cut. We only spend the winter with good shelter.

Tubular hybrids

Plants are 120-180 cm high. Flowers up to 20 cm long, most often have white, yellow, orange or red-brown colors. Depending on the shape of the glass, they are divided into:

- cup-shaped
- tubular
- star-shaped
- turbid.

They all bloom from July to August.

Oriental hybrids

This group consists of large, decorative and capricious varieties. Their height can reach from 0.5 to 2.5 meters, flowers up to 30 cm in diameter are cup-shaped and are most often painted in white, red, pink colors, which are combined in various combinations.

New hybrids

This group consists of new interspecific hybrids not included in the previous sections:

  • OA hybrids are a new group obtained by crossing Asian and Oriental hybrids.
  • OT hybrids - nowadays they are often grown as a cut forcing plant. Cup-shaped or tubular flowers 20-25 cm in size are raised up and are yellow, pink, orange, red, or their combinations.
  • LA hybrids are very similar to Asian ones, but with larger, stronger flowers. Most often used for cutting.
  • LO hybrids are tubular flowers of white or pink color with a delicate aroma.

Lilies growing in the wild

This group includes all species lilies.

Which variety to choose

A huge number of varieties of shapes and colors allows you to create a dream garden of paradise, which does not require painstaking care and pleases the whole season with exuberant flowering. Each variety is great in its own way, but combining them is an exciting activity, for which six acres may not be enough.How to grow a hydrangea in the garden is not difficult, it is important to choose the right variety.

Consider the most popular varieties of this amazing shrub that do well in central Russia:

  • Garden large-leaved - for the winter in regions with winter temperatures below 10 degrees, it requires shelter. The bushes reach a height of two and a half meters, the leaves are oval, slightly pointed. Inflorescences in the form of large bright balls of pink, blue, greenish or variegated color, slightly flattened, which gives them a special charm. The most popular frost-resistant varieties: Quadricolor (yellow-cream pastel), Grandiflora and Perfect (with creamy inflorescences and spectacular shiny strong stems), Altona (loves shady areas of the garden, where it pleases with large pink bunches of flowers)

  • Paniculata is an interesting species, bred by breeders relatively recently. Ideal for an Asian and Mediterranean garden with elongated, bright panicle-like blooms. Panicle hydrangeas in garden design are often used to decorate unsightly hedges or to decorate a small pond, since the height of the plants can reach two meters in favorable conditions. The most popular varieties are Sargent, Unicum and White Moss (blooms until the first frost)
  • Tree-like - resembles an ordinary viburnum and is formed into a spectacular low tree with a snowy, creamy color. The most popular variety, Anabel, is resistant to low winter temperatures and pleases with bright colors from July to the end of September. Looks interesting as the main accent when decorating a landscape in a Mediterranean style
  • Serrated - a low, lush bush, with blue balls. Loves sunny, sheltered from the wind areas with moist nutrient soil

Excellent cold resistance

  • Sargent is an excellent honey plant. Planting and caring for a hydrangea in the garden of this particular species will lead to an abundance of bees on the site, this is worth paying attention to. The plant can reach a height of four meters, so tough autumn pruning is necessary.
  • Pereshkovaya - ideal for vertical gardening, creating living flowering hedges and trellises. The design of a hydrangea in a garden of this type can be very unusual and varied - arches, decoration of the front entrance, shading of a veranda or a gazebo in a summer cottage, or a spectacular bent composition in the center of a flower garden

  • Dubolistnaya is a shrub with bright, beautiful foliage, acquiring a spectacular color closer to autumn (burgundy and purple). The only negative is that the color is only white, but the frost resistance is very high. The most cold-resistant variety Snow Flake

Advice. When deciding on the choice of a variety, you need to pay attention to the average height of the plant and the width of the bush in order to create a correctly built landscape composition.

Landscaping styles and variety selection

Pictured Mediterranean style

Let's briefly dwell on the recommendations that the design instructions give, in choosing one or another variety to create an effective composition:

  • Leaf shape - large clawed, oval or with openwork edges. Large-leaved bushes look good in a hedge or in the center of a composition as the main bright accent of a garden bed. The oval shape of the leaf is more suitable for the decor in the Mediterranean style or in the spirit of the country style of northern European countries. Openwork foliage with thin veins will emphasize the sophistication and profundity of the Japanese garden style, as well as remind of Scandinavian evergreens

  • The shape of the inflorescences is a ball, umbrella, bump or panicle. The round shape is suitable for almost any garden design option, but the panicle hydrangea looks great in the borders for dry streams in the Japanese style or for the center of an alpine slide, in addition, these varieties are very fond of shady areas of the garden. Umbrellas or bunches of cones are more consistent with the climate and nature of Scandinavia and the North of Russia

  • The color scheme of these shrubs is extremely diverse - raspberry, purple, pastel pink and blue, bright purple and rich crimson, creamy white openwork scattering of inflorescences. There can be no advisers in this matter - the main thing is that the colors harmoniously combine with each other. The price of a particular variety depends on many factors - terry inflorescences, unusual color and shape of the leaf, the latest developments in agricultural technology.

Advice. When choosing a variety, it is important to take into account that the color may differ from the declared one on different types of soil.
Pink tones appear on alkaline soils, and blues on acidic soils.
This fact does not apply to whites and creams.

Correct fit and proper care

Done right, a wild bloom and delicious scent are guaranteed. But how to grow hydrangea in the garden? Let's start from the very beginning.

Having bought a bush in a store, it is important to find the optimal place for it on the site and choose a good soil mixture.

  • The soil should have good air and moisture permeability, ideally loamy soils with an acidity of 7 to 4. If the soil is alkaline, then iron must be added to the nutrient feed during the entire flowering period
  • Mulching the near-trunk space with shavings, sawdust, pine needles or humus from the foliage helps to preserve moisture in the soil, and this bush is very picky about constant moisture, but not to its excess, otherwise the roots will rot
  • Growing and caring for hydrangeas in the garden is not that difficult, but some varieties can freeze in winter frosts. Therefore, a shelter made of plastic wrap, foliage and fabric is required.

Special attention to planting material

Advice. In a small area, you can simply plant the bushes in tubs and bring them into a warm room for the winter.

  • The optimal illumination for hydrangeas is diffused light or shade, but planting in sunny areas is also possible, depending on the variety. But in this case, it is important to organize regular irrigation, preferably drip in the near-stem circle
  • Do-it-yourself pruning or early spring before bud break or late fall. Tough root pruning is recommended for large plants.

Advice. Usually a ready-made bush is planted on the site, but you can propagate a hydrangea simply by bending and digging a branch for the winter, in the spring it will sprout roots and a full-fledged new bush of magnificent flowers will form.

Young bushes in containers

Proper care of hydrangeas in the garden guarantees abundant flowering. But in some cases, novice gardeners are faced with a problem - a lot of dense foliage, but no flowers. Why doesn't our beauty bloom?

There may be several reasons:

  • When pruning, you need to leave a few young buds at the ends of the branches - inflorescences will form here
  • The root system is underdeveloped. Sometimes the bush can bloom even after three years, when the roots fluff up and gain strength
  • Very often, in northern latitudes, this bush does not have enough time to form flowers.

Advice. Buy varieties that are suitable for the planting region.
Many of them delight in the first year with bright inflorescences even in the north of Russia.

Use in landscape design

Exotic eukomis immediately attracts attention, it can become a bright decoration of any flower garden. The ability to grow in containers allows the pineapple lily to be used as a mobile decoration for a garden, veranda, gazebo or balcony

Structural clear forms make the plant self-sufficient in single plantings.

For joint plantings, coniferous perennials, gerberas, ground cover annuals will be excellent partners. In rockeries, eukomis will become a bright accent during flowering, and then decorate it with its glossy beautiful leaves. Peduncles are suitable for cutting and decorating designer bouquets.

Eukomis is a very exotic plant and is not often found in flower gardens. It is not difficult to grow it, and unusual "pineapple" inflorescences will become a decoration of the garden and the pride of a florist.

Eukomis (Eucomis)
perennial bulbous plant from the tropics and subtropics of South Africa. In the middle lane, eukomis is grown only as an indoor flower, planting eukomis in pots in early spring. Eukomis flowers are collected in a brush at the top of the peduncle, which reaches 30-100 cm in height. After flowering, the leaves of eukomis gradually turn yellow and die off, and the plant begins a dormant period. Eukomis belongs to the asparagus family.

Watch the video: ASIATIC LILY CARE AFTER BLOOMING part -1 Asiatic lily maintainance after flowering. SANAs GARDEN

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