So, since the title of the article "Drought-resistant garden", in my opinion, a few words should be said about the very concept of "drought" - this is a long period with insufficient precipitation, which is most dangerous for plants at high temperatures and low air humidity.
Droughts have recently become a common occurrence in very many regions of Russia and the CIS countries. Droughts are always accompanied by long periods without rain, with a strong decrease in the relative humidity of the air, soil and an increase in air temperature. And it is natural that during such periods the normal need of plants for water is not provided.
So, it follows from this that the most painful phenomena are high temperature and low humidity, therefore, plants for arranging a drought-resistant garden should be selected based on their degree of resistance to high temperatures and low air humidity. I will give examples and a brief description of the most drought-resistant ornamental trees and shrubs:
Yellow acacia. A well-known plant to all. It is undemanding to the soil, but achieves the best development on fresh sandy loam. Old plants absolutely do not need feeding. It perfectly tolerates dry air and soil. Needs a systematic double pruning, without which the plant is heavily exposed in the lower tier.
Aralia. An original shrub with straight, unbranched trunks covered with large thorns. The leaves are very large, up to one meter long, double or triple pinnate. Small, creamy white fragrant flowers are collected in complex paniculate inflorescences. Aralia is photophilous, undemanding to soil and moisture, tolerates transplanting well, but fragile roots require caution. Aralia is used both in single and in group plantings to create truly impenetrable hedges.
Birch. Needs no introduction. It is better to plant it in sunny or slightly shaded places. It is not very demanding on soil fertility and the proximity of groundwater. Grows well on fresh loam and sandy loam. It is advisable to carry out sanitary and formative pruning in early spring, but always before the start of sap flow.
Euonymus. Shrubs with spectacular fruits - leathery, winged or spiny bolls of red or purple color. Seeds are partially or completely covered with fleshy, brightly colored seedlings. They are unpretentious, shade-tolerant. They prefer good breathable humus, neutral or slightly alkaline soils.
City conditions, pruning and transplanting are well tolerated. Often affected by aphids and euonymus moth. Usage: tapeworms, group plantings, hedges, rockeries, retaining walls. It should be noted that almost all types of euonymus are poisonous.
Privet. Deciduous or evergreen shrubs. The fruit is a berry-like drupe. Plants are drought-resistant, frost-resistant, put up with different types of soils, grow well on soils containing lime, even tolerate slight salinity. They grow well in urban conditions, they cut well, forming dense, shape-retaining hedges and various shapes. Usage: tapeworms, group and curb plantings, hedges.
Action. Beautifully flowering shrub with opposite leaves and numerous flowers. They prefer well-fertilized moist soil, sunny places. Drought-resistant, resistant to gases and smoke, almost not affected by pests. Need regular feeding. When pruning, remember that flowers are laid on the shoots of the previous year. Usage: tapeworms, not cutting hedges, group plantings, in curbs (dwarf forms).
Oak. A well-known plant. Photophilous and picky about the richness of the soil, very drought tolerant and distinguished by exceptional longevity. Having a deep tap root system, it is also wind-resistant, which is very valuable in urban conditions.
Karagan. Deciduous shrubs, sometimes small trees. All species have stipules modified into styloid appendages or spines. Flowers are typically moth type.
Fruits are pods with seeds. These shrubs are frost-hardy, photophilous, but they can grow in light partial shade, drought-resistant, undemanding to soils, even tolerate their weak salinity. Grow well even in highly polluted air. Usage: hedges, tapeworms (first of all, standard forms).
Cotoneaster. Deciduous or evergreen slow-growing shrub with dark green, most often shiny leaves. They are not very demanding on soil and moisture, for the most part they are frost-resistant and gas-resistant. They lend themselves well to forming, therefore they are often used as hedges. Old bushes are easily rejuvenated by radical pruning. Deciduous species are pruned in February, evergreens in April. Usage: tapeworms, hedges, rockeries.
Siberian larch. A powerful tree, reaching a height of forty meters, with a narrow pyramidal crown, which subsequently (with age) becomes rounded. It is durable, frost-resistant, photophilous, wind-resistant, undemanding to soil and air moisture. The most valuable breed for group, alley, single plantings. Very good in combination with birch, mountain ash, maple, linden, spruce, fir, Siberian cedar, juniper and rhododendrons.
Loch. Small deciduous and evergreen trees or shrubs with beautiful silvery shoots and leaves, fragrant flowers, drupes. Unpretentious, photophilous, drought-resistant, good honey plants. Due to the presence on the roots of nodules with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, they are breeds that improve the soil, capable of growing in extremely poor lands. Winter hardiness. They tolerate city conditions well. Usage: tapeworms, group plantings, hedges.
Luiseania. Very flowering shrubs, sometimes incorrectly called sakura. Bloom before the leaves open in the first half of May. Not demanding on soils, but prefer fresh fertile soils. Easy to transplant, resistant to drought, pests and diseases. During the flowering period, they are demanding on moisture. Usage: tapeworms, group planting on the lawn, against the background of conifers, in the standard culture.
Locust. A well-known plant with high drought resistance. It is not very demanding on soil fertility and moisture, but on damp and heavy soils it often suffers from frost. Prefers sandy loam soils, can tolerate salinity. It tolerates pruning and transplanting well.
Rose flower. Shrubs with a height of 20 cm to 1.2 m with high decorative qualities. Unlike wild (so-called rose hips) and historical, modern roses most often have a renovation and bloom all season. Photophilous. They grow well on moderately moist, loamy soils, but they do not tolerate waterlogging. They require good care, regular feeding, shelter for the winter in the conditions of central Russia. Most species and varieties need pruning before wintering. Usage: tapeworms, group plantings, hedges, rose gardens, curbs.
Lilac. Deciduous, rarely evergreen shrub with opposite, simple leaves. The flowers are bisexual, fragrant, bell-shaped. The color of the flowers is varied - from white to purple and purple. Flowers are collected in apical paniculate inflorescences. Lilacs are resistant to dust and air pollution, frost-resistant, drought-resistant, not demanding on the soil. Usage: single and group plantings, hedges, near water bodies.
Scumpia. Large deciduous trees or shrubs. The most decorative during the period of fruit ripening, when paniculate inflorescences become grayish-purple or pinkish due to overgrown, densely pubescent pedicels. This creates the impression of an extraordinary colored wig or air cloud, for which the plant is called a wig tree. Young plants begin to bloom in the 4th or 5th year. They require a sunny location, fertile, well-drained soils, and the obligatory introduction of lime. Drought and heat resistant. Usage: spectacular tapeworms.
Snowberry. Deciduous shrub with showy large white or pink fruits that persist throughout the winter.
They grow quickly, are unpretentious, light-requiring, prefer calcareous soils. They tolerate haircuts, shaping and city conditions well. Usage: tapeworms, group plantings, hedges, curbs.
So, all of the listed ornamental plants are distinguished by a high degree of drought resistance and can be successfully cultivated in conditions of moisture deficit.
Read the next part. Drought-resistant fruit trees and shrubs →
candidate of agricultural sciences,
department of berry crops GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurina,
member of the R&D Academy
• Selection of plants for the garden in a shady place
• Selection of shrubs and perennials for the English garden
• How to plan your garden, basic rules
• How to plan an orchard on the site
The hedge should have a clear, neat shape and maintain it all year round. Landing and the formation of such a fence is not a work for one season, and before starting it, it is important to understand which plants will lead you to your intended goal. When choosing plants, it is important to immediately determine whether the conditions of the garden correspond to the biological requirements of the plants, as well as assess the cost of labor and funds. First of all, choose winter-hardy and drought-resistant trees and shrubs... They can be hardwood or softwood, sheared or free growing. And in any case, they should complement the decoration of your garden.
The height of the hedge depends on its purpose. The largest are living walls (trellises) - from 2 to 5-6 m in height. Their crowns reliably close, protecting the garden from wind, dust and noise. Medium hedges with a height of 1-1.5 meters mark the boundaries of the site or divide it into parts. Low curb hedges - from 20 to 70 cm - offer interesting opportunities for garden design - for example, emphasizing the transitions from the open terrace to the garden, separating the corner of the garden, the edge of the flower garden, the curves of the paths.
Evergreen hedges from conifers serve as a beautiful frame for the garden all year round, but they are not cheap, besides, many conifers are more capricious than deciduous ones. For coniferous hedges, they most often use prickly, ordinary, Siberian spruce, decorative forms of thuja, yew, junipers... Plants of the same type and shape are usually planted. It looks very elegant but monotonous. You can diversify such a hedge by replanting a second row of plants of another form of the same species. For example, against the background of a green thuja, the western dwarf golden yellow thuja looks good. Spruce hedge can be supplemented with a curb from Shrub Potentilla.
Maple, linden, beech, hornbeam are good for tall deciduous hedges. decorative apple trees, plums and other trees. For small gardens, decorative forms of maple, rowan, ash, willow are perfect.
Lilac and mock orange are also very good for decorating outbuildings.
For thorny hedges, Amur and common barberry, different varieties of hawthorn, rose hips are used.
In small areas , where every centimeter of area is registered, you can try to plant a rosehip or climbing roses on the trellises, they cast little shadow. On light soils and in the light, the Thunberg barberry grows well, it tolerates pruning almost painlessly and does not grow widely.
For low borders, evergreen box trees, holly mahonia, undersized euonymus, barberry, cotoneaster, cinquefoil, dwarf forms of jasmine are often used.
Dear Readers! On the Free Download page you can download a table to help you choose the right shrubs for your hedge!
Unfortunately, a large number of summer residents have the opportunity to travel outside the city only on weekends. And in general, for most of the work on a small, properly planned and equipped area, this is quite enough. But with watering, especially in hot dry weather, there are always problems.
The selection of drought-resistant plants for the garden and vegetable garden in this case is the right decision.
So which crops are hardy enough to wait for their owners on the weekends?
It is both drought and frost resistant. Not only flowers look decorative, but the silvery leaves of the plant. It is often used to create dry bouquets.
For its sweeping leaves, the plant is also called "Elephant ears". Badan ears have an excellent ability to store moisture for future use. The plant blooms in spring, very impressive.
It has quite a few types, we described them here.
Not so long ago, summer residents began to use them in garden compositions. But every year the popularity of cereals is gaining momentum. And this is not surprising, lush, tall - they are able to decorate any garden.
Everyone is familiar and loved by everyone.
Gorgeous curb plant. Long lily leaves give it a special flavor.
We have already written about this amazingly beautiful plant on our pages (the article can be found here). Despite its South African origin, the plant is also considered to be quite drought tolerant.
They are incredibly popular with summer residents of the Middle Lane. And for good reason. Daylilies have many beautiful species for every taste. And they are not only drought-resistant flowers, but in principle, one of the most unpretentious.
Deserved love all over the world. Looks gorgeous in bulk. It has a delicate aroma and wonderful healing properties. And even better suited for growing in the Middle Lane, has no less drought resistance and is very similar in appearance to lavender - Hyssopus officinalis.
A wonderful autumn plant. Although in summer, outside of flowering, it looks very decorative, thanks to the fleshy juicy leaves.
Possesses amazing medicinal properties, decorative and very unpretentious.
Ornamental trees and shrubs.
In Europe, an incredibly decorative shrub is found at every step. But in recent years, too, in our country, it has begun to gain more and more popularity, including due to its unpretentiousness and drought resistance.
It will delight you not only in summer, but also in winter (against the background of white snow, strewn with red berries, it looks great).
Poisonous, but very beautiful shrub. Due to its brightness, it is gaining more and more sympathy from gardeners.
Often found in city parks. But at the summer cottage it will look no less impressive. An article about him is here.
The forest guest takes root well in the shady gardens of summer residents. Undemanding and damn beautiful.
Vegetable crops always require more attention and a more serious attitude from us (the harvest is at stake after all).But there are also plants among them that are distinguished by greater drought resistance than others: root crops, pumpkin and corn.
Almost all herbs are very drought-resistant. They are fragrant, useful, unpretentious. Growing them is a pleasure!
Among the many varieties of this thorny shrub, there are many brightly colored - including all shades of purple. Cabernet, Ottawensis Auricoma, Red Carpet, Orange Rocket, Harlequin, Coronita - this is not a complete list of red-leaved barberries.
These plants are unpretentious, grow quickly, are easily amenable to formative pruning, look great on the site both as a tapeworm and as part of a spectacular hedge.
All drought tolerant garden plants need minimal watering in winter and mild summer... Some of them do not need watering at all in winter and are not even desirable.
Another important fact of existence is air humidity... The easiest way to increase it is by spraying it periodically. The water for this procedure should not be cold and soft. Automatic sprayers can be installed on the garden plot.
Thus, you are convinced that there are a lot of unpretentious plants. Any of them can be a decoration for your garden.
You cannot do without feeding, weeding and watering.
Watch an interesting video with a professional landscape designer in which she talks about planting plants in a dry sandy area.
Drought-resistant plants are not afraid of pests, they are not afraid of diseases or winter frosts, they practically do not need pruning. Perennial plants take root well in flower beds and serve as a decoration for the garden. We recommend that you give preference to these particular shrubs and flowers to give a unique look to your garden plot.
When choosing any plant for a site, it is necessary to take into account its preferences for temperature extremes, humidity, and soil requirements. The most important thing is to choose just such a biological species that will grow comfortably in the climatic conditions of the corresponding region.
Wood species tolerate temperature drop differently:
Whole-leaved willow "Hakuro nishiki" Moderately hardy - trees that can safely withstand temperatures down to -25 ° С are: acacia, beech, hornbeam, chestnut, maple, sophora other.
Beech Silvatika Purpurea Pendula
For most plants, drought is worse than frost. Drought-resistant specimens will be able to withstand high temperatures and low humidity: aralia, acacia, birch, larch.
Weeping larch Aralia
An ornamental garden should be beautiful all year round. For this, it is necessary to carefully consider its structure, create a composition, select plants that retain a beautiful texture at any time of the year and take proper care of them.
Conifers are in the lead in the list of decorative trees, because they do not lose their bright attractiveness and strict showiness even in winter. In spring, they delight with interesting flowering, later - with delicate greens of growth, in autumn they set off the richness of colors of other plantings. These trees are unpretentious, mature, they practically do not require any maintenance.
Fir-trees growing on marshy soils, drought-resistant pines responding gratefully to pruning, tender weeping larches ... The variety of conifers is very rich.
One of the brightest representatives of this tree species is the yew. Slow growing, it possesses phenomenal shade tolerance and keeps its shape exceptionally. The fruits of the yew, unlike other conifers, have the appearance of a berry.