Planting cherries, like any other fruit tree, has its own characteristics.
It can be held both in spring and autumn.therefore every gardener should be aware of the differences between these types of work.
For garden plots located in the south of Russia or in the Central region, the most preferable would be the autumn planting.
Its dates vary from mid-September to the end of October.
These terms are due to the fact that during this period, the trees are in a dormant stage, and all their forces will be directed to rooting in a new place, and not to flowering and foliage formation.
If the purchased seedling was not transplanted into open ground until the end of October, then for the winter period it is buried in the ground and planted in the spring.
Spring planting is optimal for Siberia and other regions with a harsh and cold climate, usually this procedure is carried out from the end of April to the beginning of May.
In the autumn many seedling sellers offer discounts on their products. In addition, for those who have not yet decided on the choice of the variety, in the fall you can see the expected result and taste the fruits of various varieties.
As known, heavy rainfall in autumn, therefore, the gardener gets rid of the need to constantly water the planted tree and monitor the level of soil moisture.
Saplings planted in autumn will have time to grow young roots during the winter... Because of this, they will begin to grow much faster than trees planted in spring.
In the southern regions autumn planting has many more benefits than spring planting... Because the risk of a sudden onset of heat is eliminated.
Young trees may not be prepared for the winter cold. Therefore, they can die due to too low temperatures, gusty winds or snowfalls.
It often happens that the tree survives after the winter season, but broken off or frozen branches appear. Also, a danger can be posed by rodents that gnaw the bark of a tree trunk.
In northern regions, it is not recommended to use autumn planting.because it is more likely that young trees will not be able to survive the harsh winter climate and will simply die.
Therefore, the seedlings bought in the fall can be dug into the ground before the onset of spring. For such a procedure, you need to dig a shallow hole into which the roots of the tree will fall at an angle of 45 degrees.
When purchasing several seedlings at once, they are tied together. When digging them into the ground, you need to make sure that the top is directed to the south side.
With the onset of cold weather, the tree must be protected from their negative influence. The branches are covered with earth and snow, they will be reliable protection against freezing. Also, to avoid sunburn, cherries are covered with plywood.
In order for the sweet cherry to develop well after the autumn planting and give a rich harvest, all preparation rules must be followed, both the soil and the seedling itself.
Sweet cherry differs from other fruit crops in that if you grow a seedling from a seed, it will not inherit the characteristics of the parent tree. The quality and quantity of the crop will be either more or less.
Therefore, to obtain the desired result it is recommended to buy an already grown seedling in a garden nursery... In order for the purchase to be successful, you need to pay attention to the following indicators:
Seedling roots with an open root system, during transportation, it is wrapped in a wet cloth, and then in an oilcloth.
Before planting, the roots of the seedling are inspected again and eliminate all emerging shortcomings:
If foliage is present on the purchased seedling, it must be removed immediately.so that it does not dehydrate him.
A place for planting and growing a seedling choose based on the following preferences for cherries:
It is not recommended to grow cherries in clay, sandy or acidic peat soils.
2-3 weeks before preparing the planting pit you need to carefully dig up the entire area on which you plan to plant cherries and apply the following fertilizers for digging:
Lime should not be applied simultaneously with mineral fertilizers, because they can react and not bring the desired result.
If the site has a sandy type of soil, then a few years before planting cherries, it is mixed with clay, and vice versa. At the same time, throughout the entire time before planting, the land must be thoroughly fertilized in order to make it more fertile.
2-3 weeks before planting cherries, dig a planting hole, the depth of which will be equal to 60-80 centimeters, and the width can vary from 60 to 100 centimeters.
When digging a hole, you need to separate two layers of soil: fertile (top) folded to one side, and infertile to the other.
After the pit is ready, a stake is driven into its bottom, which will serve as a support for the future tree. The topsoil is then mixed with the following fertilizers:
Then the resulting mixture is poured into the bottom of the pit in the form of a mound and carefully tamped, then sprinkled with infertile soil.
When preparing the pit, nitrogen fertilizers must not be applied.because they can damage the root system of the seedling.
Experienced gardeners recommend when planting cherries adhere to the following technology:
Water and natural processes can begin to stimulate soil subsidence around the trunk and the formation of a hole, which will need to be level with the rest of the soil.
Cherry planting and initial pruning. Tips for buying cherries:
The main danger for a tree planted in autumn is frost and too low temperatures... Therefore, cherries need to be well looked after and carefully prepared for climate change:
Average, the tree is watered once a month, but in severe drought, this procedure is repeated every week. It is best to water the cherries through the hole, which, along with the growth of the tree, is gradually expanded to a diameter equal to 2 meters.
In the first 3 years of life, the tree will have enough fertilizer applied during planting. The only exceptions would be nitrogen fertilizers applied in early spring in the second year after planting.
Such a top dressing will well stimulate the growth of cherries. Then the tree can be fed with stubborn humus and mineral fertilizers.
Insofar as birds love to feast on cherries, it is very important to protect the young tree from their attacks. To do this, you can tie old disks, cans, tinsel or rain to the branches.
Also, all these items can be attached to the scarecrow. Another way is to stretch the meshes over the tree.
There are often situations where it is necessary to transplant already growing cherries to a new place... If you strictly follow the following scheme, then the autumn transplant will be as painless as possible for the tree:
When transplanting, the orientation relative to the cardinal points must be maintained. Otherwise, sunburn or bark injuries may appear on the tree.
Autumn planting would be ideal for southern and central regions. The correct procedure can ensure the active growth of the tree as early as next spring.
Dacha, which is associated with the dacha and country houses. Site about suburban construction.
It is better to grow cherries from a young seedling. It is impossible to get good planting material from a bone. The fact is that the plant will not inherit parental qualities. Planting a seedling must be carried out in accordance with all the rules.
When to plant cherries?
In the northern regions, planting cherries in the fall must be done very carefully so that early frosts do not damage the tree. If possible, it is better to postpone work until spring. In the south of the country, seedlings can be planted in the fall. But all work must be completed before the onset of frost. The seedling needs time to take root. The optimal time for planting is from the beginning to the end of October.
Where to plant cherries?
In order for the tree to develop well and bear fruit, it is important not only to take into account the timing of planting, but also the location of the seedling.
Sweet cherry prefers lighted areas that are protected from the wind by a wall or other structures. In such a place, the young tree will be well sheltered from frost.
It is important to pay attention to the soil composition of the site. The soil must be fertile and moisture-consuming. But the groundwater must be deep.
It is best to set aside a place for cherries on a hill where there is no risk of spring flooding. Various varieties of cherries and cherries will be good neighbors for the plant.
You need to be careful about where the sweet cherry is planted in open ground in spring, because you can change the location only during the first 3 years. The transplant is carried out in the spring, until the sap begins to move.
The seedling must be carefully dug out, without exposing the roots and, together with the lump, placed in a previously prepared hole. Again, it should be taken into account that cherries prefer protected sunny areas, where they will not be disturbed by gusts of wind and drafts. Since at first the root system will not be able to provide the branches with normal nutrition, they are shortened, the top layer of the soil is compacted. The best survival rate will help to ensure the solution of "Kornevin".
To protect them from damage, the roots of purchased seedlings are wrapped with a wet cloth and oilcloth. Then again, before planting, carefully examine the plants and, if necessary, perform the following actions:
If there are leaves on the branches of the seedling, they are cut off. This will keep the plant from dehydrating.
Since the cherry grows into a rather tall tree, it should be provided with free space within a radius of at least 4–5 m.
Autumn planting of garden culture is carried out in stages:
For autumn planting, the seedling pit is prepared in advance.
The grafting site should be above the ground.
After carrying out all the manipulations, young cherries are abundantly watered and mulched using sawdust, peat or humus. This will provide the plant with long-term hydration.
Cherry pruning should be postponed until spring, so as not to weaken an already not yet strong tree.
For an autumn planting, the first pruning is done the following spring.
In order for the autumn planting to be successful, it is necessary to take care of protecting the seedling from frost and strong winds.
If all the recommendations are followed, cherries will quickly take root in a new place, and will soon delight the owners with an abundant harvest of sweet juicy berries.
Sweet cherry is a southern plant.And the closer to the north to grow it, the more care it will take.
The climate of the Moscow region is quite changeable. In recent years, frosts of thirty degrees in this region have become a rarity, however, you need to be prepared for them. For cherries grown in the Moscow region, all agrotechnical work is mandatory. The only exception can be water-charging irrigation, since autumn is rarely dry in this region. In addition, it is worth limiting the autumn bait, so as not to provoke the growth of young shoots.
It is advisable to cover trees for the winter, young ones completely (or covered with snow), adults - as far as possible. To save yourself from this problem, you can try to graft cherries on cherries. This will significantly increase winter hardiness and reduce tree growth.
The central region of Russia is not too different from the Moscow region, so all measures for preparing cherries for winter are similar. In these regions, you can completely abandon the partial shelter for the winter of adult trees and confine yourself to whitewashing the trunk and lower skeletal branches.
For protection from rodents, the barrel can be additionally wrapped with breathable inedible material.
Winters in the Volga region are colder than in the Moscow region. Here young trees must be covered. They remove the shelter in early spring.
In order to keep cherries intact in winter, cherries are grown in these regions inclined, bending them in a northern direction. This method allows you to completely bend the tree to the ground for the winter and cover it with straw and spruce branches. In the spring, the plant is returned to its original position.