Syngonium: growing, reproduction and transplantation, species and photos


Houseplants Published: June 18, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Botanical description

Syngonium (lat.Syngonium) - has up to 30 species of plants of the Aroid family, but only 2-3 species are grown in indoor conditions. Inhabits tropical South and Central America.
Syngonium is a relative of Philodendron. These are herbaceous vines with aerial roots and thin stems. The leaves are arrow-shaped, at first solid, but with age they take on a dissected shape.
Syngoniums in indoor conditions are grown both as vines and ampelous plants. Plants are valued for their arrow-shaped leaves. For good growth, the plant needs support, which is placed in the pot when transplanting the syngonium. The support is placed in the center of the pot, drainage is poured, a little soil is placed, the plant is placed, the roots are straightened, the remains of the earth are poured and lightly tamped.

Briefly about growing

  • Bloom: in indoor culture, the plant is grown as an ornamental deciduous.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light.
  • Temperature: during the growing season - 18-24 ºC, in winter 16-18 ºC.
  • Watering: during the period of active growth - as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries, and in winter - two days after the top layer dries.
  • Air humidityear: increased. It is recommended to spray the plant in the hot season twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. Once a week, the leaves should be wiped with a damp sponge. The plant should be kept on a pallet with damp expanded clay.
  • Top dressing: from spring to autumn - 1-2 times a month with complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants.
  • Rest period: approximately October to February.
  • Cropping: the tops of the shoots are pinched over a 6-7 leaf.
  • Transfer: young syngoniums - annually, adults - once every 2-3 years.
  • Substrate: 2 parts of peat, turf and leaf land and one part of sand.
  • Reproduction: by cuttings.
  • Pests: scale insects and aphids.
  • Diseases: stem rot and loss of attractiveness due to improper care and breach of conditions.
  • Properties: syngonium juice is poisonous!

Read more about growing syngonium below.

Syngonium photo

Syngonium care at home

Lighting

The optimal arrangement of plants is windows on the east or west side. They can also grow on the north side. It will be too hot on the southern plant - with an excess of sunlight, the leaves of the syngonium plant may turn pale, which will lead to a decrease in decorativeness. Avoid direct sunlight on the plant.

Temperature

During the growing season, the temperature must be kept between 18 and 24 ° C. In winter, the temperature should be slightly lower - 16-18 ° C.

Watering syngonium

Water for watering syngonium is used soft, before watering it must be defended for 24 hours. From spring to autumn, watered immediately after the topsoil dries, and in winter - a couple of days after the soil dries up from above. The water should not stagnate in the pot.

Spraying

Home syngonium is recommended to be sprayed twice a day in the hot season - in the morning and in the evening. You can also wipe the plant leaves with a soft, damp cloth. To increase humidity, a pot with a plant can be placed on a pallet with wet peat or expanded clay, but so that the water does not touch the pot. The indoor flower syngonium does not feel well near heating radiators.

Top dressing

In winter, the home plant syngonium does not need feeding. The rest of the time, the plant is fed with mineral fertilizers 1-2 times a month.

Bloom

Syngonium usually does not bloom at home. If this happens, then the syngonium flower will be expressed by a small cob wrapped in a white veil.

Pruning

To make the syngonium plant more lush, the apical shoots can be pinched. Usually pinched after the 6th or 7th leaf.

Syngonium transplant

Young specimens of indoor syngonium are transplanted every year, and older ones every two to three years. Drainage is poured onto the bottom of the pot, and a slightly acidic or neutral substrate is poured on top: two parts of sod, leafy soil and peat, and 1 part of sand. Indoor syngonium is great for hydroponic cultivation.

Propagation by cuttings

For reproduction of syngonium, an shoot with at least one bud is taken. The shoot takes root well in sand, in vermiculite, in water (you need to throw an activated carbon tablet into the water), in sphagnum, as well as in mixtures of sand and peat or sand and sphagnum. The temperature is maintained in the region of 25-27 ° C. When the syngonium stalk takes root, young plants are planted in individual pots. You can plant several seedlings in one pot to make the plant look lush.

Virulence

The sap of the syngonium plant is poisonous, so avoid getting the sap on your hands, eyes and mouth. If this happens, rinse off the juice with plenty of running clean water.

Diseases and pests

Syngonium leaves fall off. If the air humidity is not high enough, then the edges and tips of the leaves begin to brown, and after a while the leaves fall off.

Drops on the leaves of syngonium. If the air humidity is too high, then water droplets may appear at the ends of the leaves. There is no need to reduce air humidity.

The syngonium turns yellow. Leaves may turn yellow if the plant lacks fertilizer.

Syngonium rots. Excess moisture at low air temperatures leads to rotting of the stems.

Syngonium pests. If the air humidity is too low, scale insects or aphids can settle on the syngonium.

Views

Syngonium wendlandii

This species is vines. The leaves are velvety, dark green in color with a sometimes shimmering silvery midrib, medium-sized.

Syngonium podophyllum / Syngonium podophyllum

Vines with dark green leaves; young leaves look like an arrowhead, and adults look like slings; the middle part of the leaf is up to 30 cm long and up to 10 cm wide.

Syngonium auritum / Syngonium auritum

They also call syngonium auricular. Lianas. The branches are long and thick (2 cm). Leaves are green, glossy, change shape with age. Young leaves look like an arrowhead, and the leaf blade of adult leaves is cut into 3-5 parts, with small segments resembling ears at the base.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Aroid family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information
  6. Information about Vines

Sections: Indoor plants Ornamental-deciduous Aroid (Aronic) Indoor lianas Plants on C


Syngonium

ground mix No. 2, specialized soil

The color of the leaves of syngoniums is varied - from dull red and pearl-pink to boiling white and dark green, almost black. The variety can be considered a star Syngonium wendlandii Scrambled eggs, which has a golden border on a dark green velvety leaf with silvery veins. Species purple-leaved syngonium (S. erythrophyllum) unpretentious and attracts with a glossy dark green, almost black top side of the leaf and a beetroot side. Species syngonium native to Australia (S. sp. Australia) good with an unusual relief texture of a large leaf with a wavy edge. Interesting for collectors dwarf varieties Fairy Wings and Angel baby, the size of the leaves of which is about a nail, and the height of the bush is not more than 10 cm. Orm Nak - a large liana, the young leaves of which are almost red. Varieties Red spot and Confetti delight with splashes of pink over a green field.

Strictly speaking, all syngoniums are vines. Nevertheless, according to the type of growth, they can be divided into 2 groups. Species and varieties with long internodes and a high growth rate are real vines and are cultivated on a support. Plants with a low growth rate, having very short internodes, look like a bush for a rather long time, so they can be considered conditionally bushy and grown without support.

Choosing a pot for syngonium

The shape of the pot does not matter, only the "bonsai" is not very suitable, in which the width is much greater than the depth. However, syngoniums are so unpretentious that they can withstand it (however, development in this case will be minimal), but ideally they need a container whose width is less than the depth. It is not worth taking a pot for growth - it must be commensurate with the root system. The signal to the fact that the plant has become cramped and it is time to transplant it will be the roots that have got out through the drainage holes.

Substrate for syngonium

Any sufficiently nutritious and light soil will do. Syngoniums do not like heavy soil that floats into a monolith. If it seems to you that the substrate is heavy, add perlite or fine expanded clay to it to give it airiness.

Lighting

Syngoniums love bright diffused light. In low light, colored varieties will lose color and turn green, in direct sunlight, the color fades, and the plant does not show all its beauty. The best choice - the east window on the west one will need shading on hot summer days, in the north in winter it is dark, but the species green-leaved syngoniums will treat it very favorably, since they grow in the underbrush in nature. The southern exposure is categorically inappropriate.

Temperature regime

It is preferable to maintain + 20 ° С throughout the year. Syngoniums easily tolerate a drop in temperature to + 15 ° C, with the exception of delicate dwarf varieties. In the summer they can be taken outside with the obligatory shading.

Watering syngonium

These plants love abundant watering. Throughout the year, at an air temperature of + 20 ° C, we put pots with syngoniums in the bath and pour warm water from the shower. Let the water drain and return the pots to their permanent place. The next watering when the soil is 2 fingers deep. We water large non-transportable specimens on the spot so that the water passes into the pan, after an hour we drain the excess water.

Top dressing syngonium

Any fertilizer for ornamental plants is suitable in the proportions indicated by the manufacturer. Do not overdo it with colored and variegated syngoniums, especially nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as they will stimulate photosynthesis and the colored areas of the leaf plates will fade.

Pruning syngonium

Syngoniums need annual pruning for the growth of last year (low-quality winter growth is removed). To form branching, young plants are pinched over the 6th leaf. Be careful - the milky juice can irritate the skin, so it is better to cut off the shoots with gloves.

CARE RECOMMENDATIONS

The temperature in winter is not lower than 14 ° С. Watering is plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. Frequent spraying


Types with photos and descriptions

Irezine has about 20-25 species, but at home, the Herbst irezine and Linden irezine are mainly grown. This choice is due to the beautiful color of the leaves of these species. They are also planted as a decoration for lawns.

Linden (Iresine lindenii)

Habitat: the humid tropics of Ecuador.

Lifespan: perennial.

Height: up to 45-50 centimeters.

Leaves: oval, dark red with bright crimson veins, up to 6 centimeters long.

Flowering: dull flowers located on inflorescences.

If the plant is regularly pruned, then it will creep like a "rug".

Herbst (Iresine herbstii)

Habitat: tropical rainforests of Brazil.

Lifespan: perennial.

Height: up to 35-40 centimeters.

Leaves: rounded with a pointed tip, dark purple in color with bright red veins.

Plant forms: aureoreticulata (green foliage with bright yellow veins) and wallisii (small red leaves with a metallic sheen).


A wealth of flowers and varieties

Heuchera is a useful material for research by botanists and breeders. That is why new varieties are developed almost every year. Today, many varieties have appeared - any grower will definitely find a variety to their liking, which will look great in the garden. There are varieties that are resistant to cold, wind, suitable for growing in cold regions of the country.

The most popular varieties with burgundy leaves - in the foreground are found:

  • Obsidian,
  • Palace Purple.

Varieties with pink and orange leaves are popular. Such unconventional colors are possessed by varieties:

  • Georgia Peach,
  • Creme Brule.

Some varieties are original due to the texture of the leaves. For example Sasha (Sashay), Ash (Purple) - with decorative, wrinkled leaves.

Some varieties change color during the season. For example, Autum Leaves - foliage of this variety changes color at the end of summer.


Fertilizers, light, temperature, watering.

It is very easy to take care of a fat woman. In the summer, the plant is watered as the soil dries up, and in the winter the plant is at rest and therefore it should be watered once a month, or even less often. During the growing period, be careful with watering, do not overmoisten the soil. The fat woman is usually not sprayed, but from time to time they wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.

For a fat woman, humidity is not so important as a well-ventilated room. It is advisable to keep the temperature close to the natural living conditions of this plant in the room where the fat woman grows - 20-22C in the summer and 10-12C in the winter.

The fat woman is a very light-loving plant, but loves direct sunlight in small quantities.

Like all plants, the fat woman is "fed" with fertilizers, 1-2 times a month during the growth period, apply "GUMI" or humisol, fertilizers for cacti are also suitable.


Lobularia in landscape design

Of all types of lobularia in gardening, Primorskaya lobularia is most often used. In one season, it is capable of blooming twice: in early summer and in mid-autumn. Because of this, it is very much in demand among flower growers, when most flowers wither, lobularia begin to bloom. Often, the plant is used to create borders, paths, to decorate alpine slides, rockeries, as a decoration for flower beds, in combination with other wildly flowering plants, as potted flowers on the balcony, in hanging pots.


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