Various types of agave are very popular as a houseplant due to their decorative appearance and unpretentiousness in keeping conditions. American agave is no exception, the care of which at home is based on providing a “desert” climate with maximum illumination and appropriate temperature conditions.
This living room decoration comes from the arid mountains of Mexico. The American agave flower is found in the harsh continental climate of North America, Asia, and southern Europe. To date, more than 300 species of this succulent are known, which differ in size and color (from gray-grayish to light green, monochromatic or with yellow stripes).
The American agave flower is found in the harsh continental climate of North America, Asia, and southern Europe.
In structure, it is a rosette of thick, fleshy leaves collected on a very shortened or undeveloped stem. Some species are endowed with sharp, slightly curved spines or denticles located along the edges of the leaf. As for the size, in nature this perennial can even reach five meters in height, and an adult plant of dwarf species does not exceed 3 centimeters. The life cycle of an agave is long, it grows slowly, and it produces flower stalks only once, less often twice in twenty years. Usually, after flowering, the mother bush dies, continuing its life in layers.
American agave prefers southern or southeastern window sills
The success of growing any plant at home lies in the ability to create the necessary conditions that should be as close to natural as possible. Only when your flower feels "at home" will it develop beautifully and delight you with a healthy appearance. Therefore, we will figure out how to care for an agave.
For cacti and succulents, direct sunlight is essential. American agave prefers southern or southeastern windowsills with intense, bright lighting. Even in hot summer, the scorching rays of the sun cannot harm this desert flower and, unlike other indoor plants, it does not need protective shading at this time.
On the contrary, in partial shade or on the northern windows, succulents gradually wither away, which is not immediately noticed. If the plant arrived in such conditions, do not immediately expose it to the sun - it teaches it to light gradually.
American agave, like other indoor plants, can hardly tolerate a short winter daylight hours, so in summer it is planted in open ground or taken out on a balcony for the entire warm season.
Remembering the botanical homeland of agave with poor sandy-rocky soils, you need to prepare an appropriate soil mixture at home. The optimal ratio will be the ratio of sod, leafy soil and coarse sand. Florists also recommend adding large brick chips, which will enhance the drainage property of the substrate.
As a container for succulents, choose wide ceramic pots with holes in the bottom and a 2-3 cm layer of drainage - small pebbles, gravel. When transplanting, it is important not to deepen the root collar, but to leave it above the soil surface. The earth around is not compacted with fingers, so as not to limit the access of oxygen to the roots, and the rosette is fixed by putting stones around it. After planting, the remaining surface is covered with sand, fine gravel, shells or vermiculite. Such a shelter protects the root system from possible temperature changes due to its low thermal conductivity.
By its nature, American agave loves heat, so it feels good in rooms where the temperature does not drop below 18 ° C, but it is considered optimal in the range of 22-28 ° C and even higher. A decrease to 10 ° C can be disastrous, therefore, in winter at home, plants must be protected from the influx of cold air from window glass.
Like other desert plants, agave needs very moderate watering. From spring to the end of the growing season, it is enough to water 1-2 times every ten days, waiting for the topsoil to dry out. Starting in mid-autumn and winter, watering is gradually reduced to once a month.
The advantage of succulents over other indoor plants is that they perfectly tolerate the dry air of city apartments or offices. Spraying agave is not only unnecessary, but can also cause rotting if water gets into the center of the outlet.
American agave is transplanted no more than once every three to four years, and given its slow development, for this period the nutrients contained in the soil are enough for it. For mineral feeding, special concentrates are used, intended for cacti and succulents, which usually do not contain organic matter and nitrogen. Fertilizers are applied during watering 1-2 times a month only in spring and summer.
The plant is rarely affected by diseases and their causes, as a rule, are improper care or poor living conditions. And among pests, agave is more often affected by scabies or thrips. In the initial stages of infection, wiping the leaves with alcohol or beer solution will be an effective method of control. If necessary, it is recommended to use chemicals.
Cultivation and care videos
Agave propagates in two ways - by seeds and shoots. The first option is quite laborious and long-developing seedlings will not soon give a full-fledged beautiful outlet. At home, it is much more practical and faster to get a young plant from a near-stem offspring. To do this, the shoot is carefully separated from the plant, left in the air for 3-4 hours, so that a transparent crust forms on the wound. Then the place of the cut is powdered with wood ash and fixed with pebbles on a slightly damp sandy substrate. Under favorable conditions, the roots appear quite quickly, after which the sockets are transplanted into pots.
Indoor agave, with its decorative appearance, brings exotic notes to the interior both as a single plant and in flower compositions.
[Votes: 1 Average: 5]
Faucaria is a genus of succulent plants of the Aizaceae family. This somewhat fierce-looking succulent gets its name "Tiger's Jaws" from the jagged, triangular-shaped leaves that seem to ooze "saliva" and are kept ajar in a threatening state. The filamentous structures on the leaves are special devices that help collect water vapor from the surrounding air and channel it down to the roots of the plant. The showy leaves along with the large yellow flowers certainly make this plant a striking addition to the home as a potted plant or as part of a climbing garden. Faucarias are a good choice for those who love growing succulents.
Before proceeding with the description of a plant such as agave, it should be said separately about the genus and family of this culture. Most of all, the blue beauty resembles aloe, but many attribute it to the species of cactus, which is a mistake. Let's take a closer look at the differences between these cultures:
As for the aloe, he has:
Thus, blue agave is neither an aloe nor a cactus. Aloe belongs to the asphodelic family, cactus belongs to cactus and agave belongs to asparagus. However, a certain relationship with the cactus can still be traced. The point here is that both plants grow in dry and hot climates, and they tend to accumulate water inside themselves. This is why they look so strong and juicy.
The form may be different:
Each type of succulent plant has its own rules for care
However, there are general rules to follow when growing them at home.
A lot of light is the most important condition for these plants.
They easily tolerate the scorching sun, feel great on the southern windows. If it is impossible to comply with these conditions, you do not need to breed them at home. Or provide artificial lighting.
There are varieties that can tolerate shade.
The most common ones are:
For these succulents, the lack of light slows down development. Because of the shadow, their health weakens, they are more often attacked by pests and various diseases.
Tolerance to poor lighting is determined by color. These plants have dark green leaves and trunks.
Succulents need minimal watering. They will suffer from excess moisture, right up to death. Under natural conditions, a powerful root system feeds on moisture extracted from the ground, in small pots this is not possible.
It is not necessary to spray the plants. Dry air is more useful for them than humid
Watering is stopped on rainy days and in winter. During the winter, they can be watered no more than 2 times. The water should be at room temperature. A soft and settled one is best suited.
You need to fertilize once a month
Top dressing with a high potassium and phosphorus content is preferred. But there should be little nitrogen in them, its excess can only harm. Fertilizing the soil, you need to follow the rule: it is better to underfeed than overfeed.
Nitrogen makes the plant loose and watery. Many children appear, but they do not develop. The peel of the flower bursts, the wounds begin to rot. All this leads to the death of the succulent.
In the summer, flowers must be kept at a high temperature.
Heat stimulates plant growth, and lack of light makes them stretch. The result will be their tainted shape. If it is not possible to lower the temperature, then you need to provide them with artificial light. In extreme cases, put on the window, while covering the radiator with a screen.
Succulents need a meager, infertile land. Sand, turf and leafy soil mixed in equal proportions are suitable. Purchased substrates are unsuitable for them, because they contain peat. If there is no choice, then be sure to mix sand into it.
Small pots, flat bowls are suitable for succulents. Better if they are clay. Young plants are transplanted every spring, adults once every 2 years.
Decorative mini-flower bed of succulents
Drainage is laid at the bottom, a little earth is poured. Then a flower is planted, the remaining earth is added. It is not necessary to fill the container to the brim. You can put pebbles on top. It will provide additional drainage and protect the root system from decay.
When transplanting prickly varieties, they are wrapped in paper. This will protect your hands from injury.
Friends, in this article we will talk about a garden in a pot. Sometimes it happens that a person would be glad to have indoor flowers, but by the nature of his activity he often leaves and is afraid that without him they will dry out. Often there are very busy people who, when asked why they will not grow indoor flowers, answer - and who will take care of them?
As if specially for these people there is a genus of indoor plants that are not very demanding on care, transplantation or watering - this is cacti and succulents... It is about such a mini garden in a pot that I want to talk about, and no matter that it looks small enough - you can talk about it for a long time.
Potted garden - composition with cacti
Beautiful compositions of cacti and succulents can form the basis your mini garden in a pot, they will not dry out during your long absence and will delight you when you return alive and healthy.
Potted garden not requiring watering
The word "succulent" means "juice" in Latin. They are called so because in their leaves and stems they accumulate moisture in the form of sap, and it is this property that allows them to survive in dry desert conditions.
DIY potted garden from cacti
Some people think that growing cacti and succulents is boring, there is even an opinion that these are "ugly plants". I would like to dispel this opinion by presenting how you can decorate your interior with them.
The sight of a lonely cactus in a nondescript pot can really make anyone feel bored. But if you try to create a composition out of them?
A composition of these plants in a wide bowl or any other container, including an aquarium, can become what is called the "highlight" of the interior.
Use of decorative pebbles, powder, colored sand, glass decor for the aquarium - all this will decorate your composition of living plants and fill it with color and attractiveness.
Mini garden in a bowl will greatly decorate your home floral ensemble. The composition in the bowl has its own canons. To ensure that all plants blend harmoniously, let's take a look at the highlights.
Potted Garden - Foreground
And first, let's pick a tall plant that sets the tone for the entire composition. It is the easiest to choose. You can use palms, ficuses, cordilins, philodendrons and monstera.
Now let's select a medium-sized plant. Bright, colorful plants are suitable here. They are also called decorative deciduous. These are yellow scindapsus, variegated ivy, variegated codiaum, begonia, and coleus.
The recommended element of the mini garden in a pot will be vines, they can be chosen from dwarf ficuses or zebrins, and ivy can also be used as vines.
A miniature garden needs very little space! But it will fit both an impromptu pond and a mini-landscape with elves.
Miniature succulent gardens - the most common. This is understandable. After all, they require much less care compared to deciduous mini gardens in bowls. Succulents are generally not extremely demanding in terms of watering, they are recommended to be watered no more than twice a month.
Treelike succulents such as pachyphytum and fat woman, placed either in the background or in the center of the future composition
In a succulent mini garden, you can also plant rosette, bushy or ampelous plants with different colors and appearance. Suitable for this haworthia, echeveria, stonecrop, faucaria... You can also include cacti in the composition. For lovers of these thorny creatures, you can generally create mini cactus gardens in a bowl.
It is necessary to observe cleanliness during transplantation - wash the pots, drainage and pebbles should also be washed and scalded with boiling water. It is advisable to ignite the sand.
It is very important to know - when transplanting, you must not accidentally cover the root collar of a succulent or cactus with soil, this can slow down its development.
Before planting, the cactus must be removed from the pot., clean from damaged roots and dry its root system within 3-4 days. Carefully inspect the root system for pests - if you suspect, you should treat the roots with an insecticidal agent.
The composition is as follows: leaf humus is required (about half of the total volume), the same amount of sand and a little bit of expanded clay and charcoal (about 10%). If you decide to buy a substrate in the store, then it still needs to be improved by adding a little coarse sand and charcoal.
The most important rule is what size of roots, such a pot is needed. This rule applies to both the diameter of the pot and its depth.
The best material is undoubtedly clay. It partially absorbs moisture and then gives it away gradually, just what is needed for unpretentious succulents.
For young cacti, you can also use plastic pots, but they are not recommended to use them for a long time.
The shape of the cactus pot is desirable spherical, but classic pots like a bucket are quite acceptable. Be sure to need a drainage hole at the bottom of the pot. The water should not stagnate below. The earth must be poured already on a layer of expanded clay in order to guarantee the separation of water from the roots. Cacti are better off underdrinking than overdrinking.
We put drainage on the bottom of the pot - expanded clay, coarse sand, no more than 25% of the bowl volume.
When planting in an aquarium or a transparent container, you can next make a decorative layer of fine pebbles, colored sand, etc.
After that, pour in a dry substrate. and we plant plants in it (without watering), carefully distributing the root system and not covering the root collar with soil (this is important!).
At the end, you can pour in decorative powder and decorate the garden with large stones, shells, miniature figurines.
The first 3-4 days such a garden should not be watered., after this time, you can water from the pallet.
Potted garden of cacti and succulents
When creating a composition from cacti, you need to observe the laws of harmony, it is better to combine plants of different size and texture in one bowl... Adding pebbles, sand, shells to the composition, one must not forget that it is the living plants that should become the center of the composition. And the rest should serve as a background for them.
You can add some cute detail to the composition. - a ceramic figurine or a wooden netsuke - it only depends on your personality and imagination.
A beautiful idea for decorating a room with living plants is to plant a composition of succulents in a small vase. They are unpretentious, undemanding to watering, but they love direct sunlight.
To get inspired - here is a selection of photographs of small compositions and whole "gardens" of cacti.
A somewhat ambiguous composition, the cactus grower turned out to be a joker!
A real work of art is a garden in a ceramic pot.
By the way, you can put bowls in the pot rack and thus decorate the room with succulents.
It is very rare to see a blooming cactus. But you and I succeeded!
Very nice, in my opinion, composition - a garden in a bowl!
I hope you have enough material and you will be happy to take on the design of your own cactus garden!
Succulents rarely suffer from external pests, but it happens that thrips or nematodes are introduced into the roots of plants (this will happen if the soil and filler were taken from the site and not properly processed). In this case, you will have to propagate the plant with the tip (read about the reproduction of succulents in this article), or transplant with complete cleansing of the roots from the old soil and treating them with disinfectant solutions.
Most often, inexperienced succulent lovers are faced with such a problem as plant decay, which can quickly destroy the plant. To prevent rot, it is recommended to observe the watering regime, and add charcoal to the soil when replanting.
In order to prevent rot, you need to water the succulent less often and periodically examine the leaves for rot.
Read a detailed article about insects - pests, fungal diseases, as well as improper care of succulents.
Miniature plants are quite unpretentious to care for, but you still have to follow some rules. Succulents are desert plants, so they love dry climates and temperature changes. Of course, you cannot create natural conditions for their growth, since in African countries the temperature drops are up to 25 degrees.
When growing succulents of any kind, try to ventilate the room and at the same time monitor the humidity, since these plants do not like very humid air. Flower pots are best placed on windowsills on the south side, as succulents love the sun and good lighting is an integral part of caring for them. Some species do not grow well when exposed to direct sunlight, so you should consider this nuance when choosing a variety of succulents.
Depending on the season, room temperature and humidity, you will need to schedule your succulents to water. In winter, it is recommended to water about 2 times a month, and from spring to autumn it is possible almost every week, depending on the drying out of the soil. Dry soil in the pot should remain a maximum of 3-4, so be careful not to dry out the roots.
Read the article: succulents for a tropical floraium
Under natural conditions, succulents grow in sandy soil, so you can choose a special soil composition that will allow air to pass through well and not retain moisture. You can buy ready-made soil from the store and then add nutrients to it. Some growers advise adding activated carbon to the soil, as it absorbs moisture well and protects plant roots from rotting.
It is important to transplant succulents in a timely manner, especially if the plants are young. It is recommended to replant adult plants every two years, and young plants annually. This is best done in the spring, but not during flowering or budding.
Succulents need fertilization just like other plants, so you can pick up a special formula at a flower shop. Make sure that your succulent fertilizers contain a minimum amount of nitrogen, as it causes root rot. Succulents are fertilized in spring, while the concentration of the compounds should be lower than for feeding other plants. In winter, it is best not to fertilize these plants as they are dormant.
If you choose the right succulents by photo and name from the catalog, and also provide them with good care, you can organize beautiful floweria on your windowsill. Compositions of miniature plants look spectacular in the design of a modern apartment, so you can emphasize the ecological style of the interior.
Choose plants for the floraium with the same requirements for humidity and temperature, then make it easier to care for them. It is not difficult to grow succulents at home with your own hands, because these plants take root well and can even please with unusual flowering.