Agave - home care for a houseplant


Various types of agave are very popular as a houseplant due to their decorative appearance and unpretentiousness in keeping conditions. American agave is no exception, the care of which at home is based on providing a “desert” climate with maximum illumination and appropriate temperature conditions.

Plant features

This living room decoration comes from the arid mountains of Mexico. The American agave flower is found in the harsh continental climate of North America, Asia, and southern Europe. To date, more than 300 species of this succulent are known, which differ in size and color (from gray-grayish to light green, monochromatic or with yellow stripes).

The American agave flower is found in the harsh continental climate of North America, Asia, and southern Europe.

In structure, it is a rosette of thick, fleshy leaves collected on a very shortened or undeveloped stem. Some species are endowed with sharp, slightly curved spines or denticles located along the edges of the leaf. As for the size, in nature this perennial can even reach five meters in height, and an adult plant of dwarf species does not exceed 3 centimeters. The life cycle of an agave is long, it grows slowly, and it produces flower stalks only once, less often twice in twenty years. Usually, after flowering, the mother bush dies, continuing its life in layers.

Conditions of detention

American agave prefers southern or southeastern window sills

The success of growing any plant at home lies in the ability to create the necessary conditions that should be as close to natural as possible. Only when your flower feels "at home" will it develop beautifully and delight you with a healthy appearance. Therefore, we will figure out how to care for an agave.

  • Illumination

For cacti and succulents, direct sunlight is essential. American agave prefers southern or southeastern windowsills with intense, bright lighting. Even in hot summer, the scorching rays of the sun cannot harm this desert flower and, unlike other indoor plants, it does not need protective shading at this time.

On the contrary, in partial shade or on the northern windows, succulents gradually wither away, which is not immediately noticed. If the plant arrived in such conditions, do not immediately expose it to the sun - it teaches it to light gradually.

American agave, like other indoor plants, can hardly tolerate a short winter daylight hours, so in summer it is planted in open ground or taken out on a balcony for the entire warm season.
  • Priming

Remembering the botanical homeland of agave with poor sandy-rocky soils, you need to prepare an appropriate soil mixture at home. The optimal ratio will be the ratio of sod, leafy soil and coarse sand. Florists also recommend adding large brick chips, which will enhance the drainage property of the substrate.

As a container for succulents, choose wide ceramic pots with holes in the bottom and a 2-3 cm layer of drainage - small pebbles, gravel. When transplanting, it is important not to deepen the root collar, but to leave it above the soil surface. The earth around is not compacted with fingers, so as not to limit the access of oxygen to the roots, and the rosette is fixed by putting stones around it. After planting, the remaining surface is covered with sand, fine gravel, shells or vermiculite. Such a shelter protects the root system from possible temperature changes due to its low thermal conductivity.

  • Temperature regime

By its nature, American agave loves heat, so it feels good in rooms where the temperature does not drop below 18 ° C, but it is considered optimal in the range of 22-28 ° C and even higher. A decrease to 10 ° C can be disastrous, therefore, in winter at home, plants must be protected from the influx of cold air from window glass.

  • Humidity

Like other desert plants, agave needs very moderate watering. From spring to the end of the growing season, it is enough to water 1-2 times every ten days, waiting for the topsoil to dry out. Starting in mid-autumn and winter, watering is gradually reduced to once a month.

The advantage of succulents over other indoor plants is that they perfectly tolerate the dry air of city apartments or offices. Spraying agave is not only unnecessary, but can also cause rotting if water gets into the center of the outlet.

  • Fertilizers

American agave is transplanted no more than once every three to four years, and given its slow development, for this period the nutrients contained in the soil are enough for it. For mineral feeding, special concentrates are used, intended for cacti and succulents, which usually do not contain organic matter and nitrogen. Fertilizers are applied during watering 1-2 times a month only in spring and summer.

  • Diseases and pests

The plant is rarely affected by diseases and their causes, as a rule, are improper care or poor living conditions. And among pests, agave is more often affected by scabies or thrips. In the initial stages of infection, wiping the leaves with alcohol or beer solution will be an effective method of control. If necessary, it is recommended to use chemicals.

Cultivation and care videos

Reproduction methods

Agave propagates in two ways - by seeds and shoots. The first option is quite laborious and long-developing seedlings will not soon give a full-fledged beautiful outlet. At home, it is much more practical and faster to get a young plant from a near-stem offspring. To do this, the shoot is carefully separated from the plant, left in the air for 3-4 hours, so that a transparent crust forms on the wound. Then the place of the cut is powdered with wood ash and fixed with pebbles on a slightly damp sandy substrate. Under favorable conditions, the roots appear quite quickly, after which the sockets are transplanted into pots.

Indoor agave, with its decorative appearance, brings exotic notes to the interior both as a single plant and in flower compositions.

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Faucaria: proper watering, lighting, soil and other home care

Faucaria is a genus of succulent plants of the Aizaceae family. This somewhat fierce-looking succulent gets its name "Tiger's Jaws" from the jagged, triangular-shaped leaves that seem to ooze "saliva" and are kept ajar in a threatening state. The filamentous structures on the leaves are special devices that help collect water vapor from the surrounding air and channel it down to the roots of the plant. The showy leaves along with the large yellow flowers certainly make this plant a striking addition to the home as a potted plant or as part of a climbing garden. Faucarias are a good choice for those who love growing succulents.


Is it a cactus or not?

Before proceeding with the description of a plant such as agave, it should be said separately about the genus and family of this culture. Most of all, the blue beauty resembles aloe, but many attribute it to the species of cactus, which is a mistake. Let's take a closer look at the differences between these cultures:

  • almost all cacti do not have leaves, but agave has them
  • cacti have a large number of thorns, while agave has them only at the tip of the leaf.

As for the aloe, he has:

  • has a stem, which agave cannot boast of
  • less dense and leathery leaves
  • thorns are often absent, especially at the tips of the leaf plates.

Thus, blue agave is neither an aloe nor a cactus. Aloe belongs to the asphodelic family, cactus belongs to cactus and agave belongs to asparagus. However, a certain relationship with the cactus can still be traced. The point here is that both plants grow in dry and hot climates, and they tend to accumulate water inside themselves. This is why they look so strong and juicy.


Varieties

Aeonium

  • A genus of succulents belonging to the jumbo family. It includes 40 species. The name in ancient Greek means "eternal". It grows naturally in the Canary Islands, Madeira, Morocco and East Africa.
  • A peculiarity of this plant is its succulent leaves without petioles. They grow in a spiral at the end of a thin stem. They lie tightly in rows, form a rosette, similar to a rose flower or spruce cone scales. Over time, the leaves die off and at the bottom of the outlet you can see the scars from them.
  • This variety blooms in white, yellow or pink flowers. They are small in size, their diameter does not exceed 1 cm. Duration of flowering is 1 month.
  • If the aeonium has one outlet, and there are no branches on its trunk, then it dies after it fades. There are varieties in the genus that live for 2 years, there are also long-livers.

Cotyledon

  • Refers to fatty succulents. There are only 40 varieties of flowers in the genus. The native places are Ethiopia, the Arabian Peninsula, South Africa.
  • This flower is not very tall, even in a familiar environment, it rarely reaches 1.5 meters in height. Its stems are thick, fragile. They become woody with age. The leaves have short petioles; in some species they are absent. On the branches they are located opposite each other. Each next pair in relation to the previous one grows at an angle of 90 degrees.
  • Flowers bloom in summer. They look like bells. The structure of the inflorescences is friable. Flowering lasts a long time. Cotyledons usually bloom a large number of flowers.
  • When they fade, they form boxes with round seeds.
  • To prevent the plant from stretching upward, you need to regularly pinch the tops.

Synadenium

  • Comes from the euphorbia family. There are 20 known varieties of the plant. The homeland is the tropics and subtropics. At home, only one species is bred - Grant.
  • This plant is a tall shrub, its growth can be over 3.5 meters. The bark on the branches is light gray. Fleshy leaves grow on them. They are located on the shoots in sequence. The shape resembles an inverted egg. Their color is pale green with dark branched veins.
  • There are few flowers on the succulent bush. The inflorescences are umbrellas and small red flowers. Their shape resembles an inverted cap, from which a tassel of stamens sticks out.
  • The variety is not picky about care, but it does not bloom at home.
  • Sinadenium is highly toxic! Juice entering the digestive tract causes poisoning, sometimes death. Causes skin irritation and allergy.

Pachyphytum

  • A genus from the Tolstyankov family. Contains 10 types. Homeland is Mexico.
  • The leaves are like a flattened grape berry. They are covered with a thick coating of wax.
  • A very compact plant, even at home it does not grow above 30 cm. The leaves grow tightly in a spiral.
  • Peduncles grow from the upper sinuses. They are very long and sleek.
  • The inflorescences of the plant are similar to spikelets with flowers in the form of bells. Their color is pink or red.
  • After flowering, pods with seeds are formed.

Faucaria

  • Belongs to the Aiz family. She is originally from South Africa.
  • The name is translated from Latin as "mouth". Indeed, she looks predatory: the leaves grow in pairs, like the mouth of an animal.
  • The rhizome of the plant is short, fleshy. A small stem with rosettes of leaves grows from it, 3 - 6 pairs in each.
  • Their color is green, but can be either light or dark, some species have white specks or stripes on them. Their edges are framed by sharp outgrowths.
  • This succulent plant blooms in large, single flowers. The diameter reaches 7 cm. They are painted in all shades of yellow. Open during the day, close at night. The lifespan of each is about a week.

Portulacaria

  • Belongs to the purslane family. A plant native to South Africa. She has a second name "elephant bush". The genus of this succulent is represented by only one species, which includes 5 varieties.
  • The plant is a shrub with a large number of lignified branches. Its shoots are fleshy, growing in a chaotic manner. At an early age, they are colored lilac-red, with age they become covered with a brown crust.
  • The leaves are small. They have an oval shape, the end is pointed. The leaves are opposite. They do not have pereshkov. Their color is light green, but may have white spots or a pinkish edge.
  • The succulent species blooms profusely. The flowers are pink and consist of 5 petals. Inflorescences, elongated, spike-shaped. They reach a length of 7 cm.

Conophytum

  • Comes from the Aiz family. This succulent is similar to stones. The people call the plant "living stones". Its homeland is the rocky desert in the south of the African continent.
  • The ground part consists of two juicy, intergrown, leaves.

The form may be different:

  1. lumpy ball
  2. a heart
  3. frustum
  • The plant has a stem, but it is short and does not come out of the ground. Leaves can be green, blue, or even brown. Spots are often found on their surface. Due to its appearance, the conophytum merges with the surrounding stones. It blooms with beautiful, vibrant flowers that resemble chamomile or funnels.
  • A peculiarity of the genus is the peculiar growth of young leaves. They grow inside old leaves. At the same time, old leaves become thinner and gradually die off, giving way to young ones.
  • The plant has a clear life cycle that coincides with the natural conditions at home. From spring to autumn, they are at rest, and the growing season begins in winter.

Bovieya

  • It is part of the hyacinth family. She has a second name "sea cucumber". Grows in savannas, deserts and river banks. The birthplace of the plant is South Africa.
  • At home, only curly bovieya grows. Its appearance is very exotic. It has a large bulb from which long shoots grow. The leaves and greenish flowers are small. They grow at the same time in late spring, and fall off in autumn.
  • It is grown as an ampelous plant, or it is placed on supports for climbing shoots. Propagated by seeds or bulbs.
  • Boviei juice is poisonous. Once in the body, it has a negative effect on the cardiovascular system. Irritating to the skin.

Pedilanthus

  • Belongs to the euphorbia family. He comes from America. It is a branching shrub.
  • Since the habitats differ in climate, the appearance of the plants is not the same. Some grow as shrubs, others look like small trees. But the large-fruited variety of the plant does not have leaves, instead of them there are water-storing tissues.
  • He enjoys love among florists for spectacular flowers.
  • Pedilanthus juice is acrid. Irritating to skin. You need to work with him strictly with gloves.
  • The plant does not like wind, drafts and rain. But the light should be bright all year round. In winter, you need to organize additional artificial lighting. Otherwise it will wither away.

Adromiscus

  • Representative of the fat family. His homeland is Southwest and South Africa.
  • This succulent grows as a small shrub, or as a herb with a recumbent stem, on the surface of which red aerial roots grow. Succulent leaves are found round and triangular.
  • Flowers bloom on a long peduncle. The inflorescence is presented in the form of an ear. The flowers are in the form of a narrow tube.They consist of 5 petals. Painted in either white or pink.

Jatropha

  • Belongs to the euphorbia family. The plant is represented by shrubs and herbaceous plants containing milky sap. The homeland is the tropics of Africa and America.
  • The stem of the plant is like a bottle. This feature makes the appearance unusual. In winter, he stands naked. With the onset of spring, umbrella inflorescences appear. They are made up of small flowers colored red. Only after them do leaves appear on long petioles.
  • Jatropha is a rare guest in our homes. You can meet her at collectors or in botanical gardens.

Argyroderma

  • Succulent plant from the Aiz family. Distributed in Africa, South Africa and Peru. Loves sandy and rocky soils. It hides in the sand from the heat.
  • Dwarf plant, similar to pebbles. Greenish-gray leaves make up a rosette of 2-4 pcs. They are half fused together. A deep groove separates them. The size of the leaves is small, they are no more than 3 cm in diameter. New leaves are formed between the old ones, which in turn die off.
  • The peduncle emerges from the groove. The flowers of the plant are solitary, they consist of many narrow petals. Flowers are pink and yellow, outwardly similar to daisies. Flowers are bisexual, pollinated by insects. At home, you need to pollinate with a brush.
  • After the argyroderma fades, fruit-capsules with seeds are formed. Ripening in them is long until the spring of next year.
  • Opens when exposed to liquids such as rain. The houseplant can be dipped in water or the capsules can be kneaded by hand.
  • Propagated by seed or by dividing a group of plants.

Piarantus

  • Belongs to the gusset family. The homeland is the African deserts.
  • Differs in creeping shoots. Consist of four- or pentahedral segments. Their color is brown-green or green. Each face has pointed teeth.
  • Flowers bloom at the tops of the stems. They have five petals. Color, maybe any, usually with many spots. The petal shape is triangular.

Albuca

  • Belongs to the asparagus family. It is a herbaceous bulbous plant. Homeland South Africa.
  • The flattened white onion reaches a diameter of 5 cm. It grows up to 20 pieces. leaves. The height of each is about 15 cm. They grow in a spiral. If you align the fleshy leaf, then its length will be about 35 cm.
  • They twist like a spiral in very hot weather. This allows them to retain moisture.
  • The albuka shoots out a 60 cm long peduncle. It has cluster-like inflorescences. It consists of drooping flowers. There are from 10 to 20 of them in one inflorescence.
  • The flowers are pale, colored green or yellow. Consist of 6 petals growing in two circles. The fruit is shaped like a box with seeds.

Hatiora

  • Belongs to the cactus family. The homeland of this succulent is Brazil. The genus unites only 4 species.
  • This is a lithophyte flower, it feels great, growing among stones and rocks. It has a branched crown. At home, it can reach a height of 3 meters.
  • This plant resembles a skeleton. There are no leaves on its branches. Yellow or pink flowers bloom at the tops. They are bell-shaped. During the period of active flowering, the hathior needs to be watered often and abundantly.

Monantes

  • This is a perennial from the fatty family. Distributed in the Canary Islands.
  • It is represented by shrubs and herbaceous plants. Depending on the variety, short shoots spread or grow erect. The tops are crowned with leaf rosettes.
  • Fleshy leaves are arranged alternately, sometimes opposite. They are ovoid in shape.
  • Inflorescences - umbrellas consist of flowers with 6 - 8 petals. The color may be light green, brownish green, or light pink. They grow on long stalks.

Aptenia

  • Evergreen succulent from the Aiz family. It is distributed in South America and Africa.
  • A distinctive feature is the disclosure of flowers strictly at noon.
  • The leaves are shaped like a heart. They are located opposite on fleshy stems. Flowers grow in leaf axils on lateral branches. They are colored red.
  • The fruit is a capsule, has chambers. Each contains one seed. The surface of the seeds is rough.

Brigamia

  • Belongs to the bellflower family. The homeland is the Hawaiian Islands. Due to this and its appearance similar to a palm tree, it is also called the "Hawaiian palm tree".
  • The plant was on the verge of extinction a few years ago. Thanks to scientists from the Hawaiian National Tropical Park, it has been saved. They did pollination by hand. The procedure had to be done in its habitat, and this is an altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level.
  • Brigamia has been sectioned since the nineties of the twentieth century in Holland.
  • It has a fleshy bottle-shaped stem. At the top of it are leaf rosettes. The sheets are covered with a layer of wax. Their color is light green. They are very similar to cabbage leaves.
  • Flowers are pale yellow, grouped in inflorescences of 3 - 8 pcs. They consist of 5 petals. Flowering takes place in September - October. They exude a pleasant vanilla aroma.
  • Brigami's milky juice is absolutely harmless.

Euphorbia

  • Genus of the spurge family. Includes more than 2 thousand varieties that have strong differences. Grows in subtropical, tropical and temperate climates. Most of them are succulents, that is, plants capable of storing moisture.
  • These plants in the juice contain a poison - euphorbin. It causes skin burns, bowel upset, and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes. Euphorbia should be kept out of the reach of small children and animals.
  • The plant is unpretentious. Easy to breed at home.
  • There are flowering species, there are similar to cacti. All varieties have thick stems: fleshy and juicy.
  • Euphorbia have special inflorescences: the new grows from the old. The flowers do not have petals, the appearance resembles an alloy. It has stamens and bracts that remain from an extinct inflorescence. Fruit-box, contains 3 seeds - nut.

Lithops

  • From the Aizov family, it is a representative of "living stones". There are 37 types of roses. Homeland is Africa.
  • Lithops adapt to their environment and take on the color of the stones that surround them. This plant can withstand the harshest and hottest conditions. Able to grow where nothing else grows.
  • They consist of a pair of flat or convex leaves.
  • They bloom in large single flowers. It will fade in 10 days. Their color can be white, yellow or pink.

Each type of succulent plant has its own rules for care

However, there are general rules to follow when growing them at home.

Lighting

A lot of light is the most important condition for these plants.

They easily tolerate the scorching sun, feel great on the southern windows. If it is impossible to comply with these conditions, you do not need to breed them at home. Or provide artificial lighting.

There are varieties that can tolerate shade.

The most common ones are:

  • Schlumberger
  • Sansenvieria
  • Fat woman

For these succulents, the lack of light slows down development. Because of the shadow, their health weakens, they are more often attacked by pests and various diseases.

Tolerance to poor lighting is determined by color. These plants have dark green leaves and trunks.

Watering

Succulents need minimal watering. They will suffer from excess moisture, right up to death. Under natural conditions, a powerful root system feeds on moisture extracted from the ground, in small pots this is not possible.

It is not necessary to spray the plants. Dry air is more useful for them than humid

Watering is stopped on rainy days and in winter. During the winter, they can be watered no more than 2 times. The water should be at room temperature. A soft and settled one is best suited.

Fertilizers

You need to fertilize once a month

Top dressing with a high potassium and phosphorus content is preferred. But there should be little nitrogen in them, its excess can only harm. Fertilizing the soil, you need to follow the rule: it is better to underfeed than overfeed.

Nitrogen makes the plant loose and watery. Many children appear, but they do not develop. The peel of the flower bursts, the wounds begin to rot. All this leads to the death of the succulent.

Temperature

In the summer, flowers must be kept at a high temperature.

Heat stimulates plant growth, and lack of light makes them stretch. The result will be their tainted shape. If it is not possible to lower the temperature, then you need to provide them with artificial light. In extreme cases, put on the window, while covering the radiator with a screen.

Soil selection

Succulents need a meager, infertile land. Sand, turf and leafy soil mixed in equal proportions are suitable. Purchased substrates are unsuitable for them, because they contain peat. If there is no choice, then be sure to mix sand into it.

Transfer

Small pots, flat bowls are suitable for succulents. Better if they are clay. Young plants are transplanted every spring, adults once every 2 years.

Decorative mini-flower bed of succulents

Drainage is laid at the bottom, a little earth is poured. Then a flower is planted, the remaining earth is added. It is not necessary to fill the container to the brim. You can put pebbles on top. It will provide additional drainage and protect the root system from decay.

When transplanting prickly varieties, they are wrapped in paper. This will protect your hands from injury.


Friends, in this article we will talk about a garden in a pot. Sometimes it happens that a person would be glad to have indoor flowers, but by the nature of his activity he often leaves and is afraid that without him they will dry out. Often there are very busy people who, when asked why they will not grow indoor flowers, answer - and who will take care of them?

As if specially for these people there is a genus of indoor plants that are not very demanding on care, transplantation or watering - this is cacti and succulents... It is about such a mini garden in a pot that I want to talk about, and no matter that it looks small enough - you can talk about it for a long time.

Potted garden - composition with cacti

Beautiful compositions of cacti and succulents can form the basis your mini garden in a pot, they will not dry out during your long absence and will delight you when you return alive and healthy.

Potted garden not requiring watering

The word "succulent" means "juice" in Latin. They are called so because in their leaves and stems they accumulate moisture in the form of sap, and it is this property that allows them to survive in dry desert conditions.

DIY potted garden from cacti

Some people think that growing cacti and succulents is boring, there is even an opinion that these are "ugly plants". I would like to dispel this opinion by presenting how you can decorate your interior with them.

The sight of a lonely cactus in a nondescript pot can really make anyone feel bored. But if you try to create a composition out of them?

A composition of these plants in a wide bowl or any other container, including an aquarium, can become what is called the "highlight" of the interior.

Use of decorative pebbles, powder, colored sand, glass decor for the aquarium - all this will decorate your composition of living plants and fill it with color and attractiveness.

Mini potted garden - which plants to choose

Mini garden in a bowl will greatly decorate your home floral ensemble. The composition in the bowl has its own canons. To ensure that all plants blend harmoniously, let's take a look at the highlights.

Potted Garden - Foreground

And first, let's pick a tall plant that sets the tone for the entire composition. It is the easiest to choose. You can use palms, ficuses, cordilins, philodendrons and monstera.

Medium plan

Now let's select a medium-sized plant. Bright, colorful plants are suitable here. They are also called decorative deciduous. These are yellow scindapsus, variegated ivy, variegated codiaum, begonia, and coleus.

The recommended element of the mini garden in a pot will be vines, they can be chosen from dwarf ficuses or zebrins, and ivy can also be used as vines.

A miniature garden needs very little space! But it will fit both an impromptu pond and a mini-landscape with elves.

Now let's pay a little attention to succulents.

Miniature succulent gardens - the most common. This is understandable. After all, they require much less care compared to deciduous mini gardens in bowls. Succulents are generally not extremely demanding in terms of watering, they are recommended to be watered no more than twice a month.

Treelike succulents such as pachyphytum and fat woman, placed either in the background or in the center of the future composition

In a succulent mini garden, you can also plant rosette, bushy or ampelous plants with different colors and appearance. Suitable for this haworthia, echeveria, stonecrop, faucaria... You can also include cacti in the composition. For lovers of these thorny creatures, you can generally create mini cactus gardens in a bowl.

How to transplant a cactus or succulent plant correctly?

It is necessary to observe cleanliness during transplantation - wash the pots, drainage and pebbles should also be washed and scalded with boiling water. It is advisable to ignite the sand.

It is very important to know - when transplanting, you must not accidentally cover the root collar of a succulent or cactus with soil, this can slow down its development.

Before planting, the cactus must be removed from the pot., clean from damaged roots and dry its root system within 3-4 days. Carefully inspect the root system for pests - if you suspect, you should treat the roots with an insecticidal agent.

Preparing the substrate for cacti

The composition is as follows: leaf humus is required (about half of the total volume), the same amount of sand and a little bit of expanded clay and charcoal (about 10%). If you decide to buy a substrate in the store, then it still needs to be improved by adding a little coarse sand and charcoal.

Which pots are suitable for cacti

The most important rule is what size of roots, such a pot is needed. This rule applies to both the diameter of the pot and its depth.

The best material is undoubtedly clay. It partially absorbs moisture and then gives it away gradually, just what is needed for unpretentious succulents.

For young cacti, you can also use plastic pots, but they are not recommended to use them for a long time.

The shape of the cactus pot is desirable spherical, but classic pots like a bucket are quite acceptable. Be sure to need a drainage hole at the bottom of the pot. The water should not stagnate below. The earth must be poured already on a layer of expanded clay in order to guarantee the separation of water from the roots. Cacti are better off underdrinking than overdrinking.

Sequence of actions for landing

We put drainage on the bottom of the pot - expanded clay, coarse sand, no more than 25% of the bowl volume.

When planting in an aquarium or a transparent container, you can next make a decorative layer of fine pebbles, colored sand, etc.

After that, pour in a dry substrate. and we plant plants in it (without watering), carefully distributing the root system and not covering the root collar with soil (this is important!).

At the end, you can pour in decorative powder and decorate the garden with large stones, shells, miniature figurines.

The first 3-4 days such a garden should not be watered., after this time, you can water from the pallet.

Potted garden of cacti and succulents

Potted Garden - Laws of Style

When creating a composition from cacti, you need to observe the laws of harmony, it is better to combine plants of different size and texture in one bowl... Adding pebbles, sand, shells to the composition, one must not forget that it is the living plants that should become the center of the composition. And the rest should serve as a background for them.

You can add some cute detail to the composition. - a ceramic figurine or a wooden netsuke - it only depends on your personality and imagination.

A beautiful idea for decorating a room with living plants is to plant a composition of succulents in a small vase. They are unpretentious, undemanding to watering, but they love direct sunlight.

DIY potted garden composition ideas

To get inspired - here is a selection of photographs of small compositions and whole "gardens" of cacti.

A somewhat ambiguous composition, the cactus grower turned out to be a joker!

A real work of art is a garden in a ceramic pot.

By the way, you can put bowls in the pot rack and thus decorate the room with succulents.

It is very rare to see a blooming cactus. But you and I succeeded!

Very nice, in my opinion, composition - a garden in a bowl!

Video master class - DIY potted garden

I hope you have enough material and you will be happy to take on the design of your own cactus garden!


Possible growing problems and diseases

Succulents rarely suffer from external pests, but it happens that thrips or nematodes are introduced into the roots of plants (this will happen if the soil and filler were taken from the site and not properly processed). In this case, you will have to propagate the plant with the tip (read about the reproduction of succulents in this article), or transplant with complete cleansing of the roots from the old soil and treating them with disinfectant solutions.

Most often, inexperienced succulent lovers are faced with such a problem as plant decay, which can quickly destroy the plant. To prevent rot, it is recommended to observe the watering regime, and add charcoal to the soil when replanting.

  • Brown specks on leaves and shoots - may mean that the botrytis fungus has grown in the plant, which can cause leaf rot. What to do: cut off the affected leaves, reduce watering of the plant (leave the soil dry for a couple of days), and treat the plant with a special fungicide solution, for example, "Maxim".
  • Brown specks with an unpleasant odor - This is the Ervinia bacterium that has started in your plant. What to do: remove damaged parts of the plant, reduce watering, treat with potassium permanganate solution.

In order to prevent rot, you need to water the succulent less often and periodically examine the leaves for rot.

  • The plant appeared unhealthy bloom of a red or green tint, cloudy dew, or white spots - spores of fungi such as aspergillosis or penigillosis. What to do: treat the affected leaves with an alkaline solution (for example, soda) or a solution of potassium permanganate.
  • The plant quickly died, there were no external signs of the disease - most likely, the root system was infected with nematoses. What to do : if healthy leaves remain on the plant, they can be multiplied and the dead plant thrown away with the ground. Disinfect the pot well. At the next planting of the succulent, add charcoal to the soil, observe the watering regime.
  • Leaf burns - it is likely that you left the plant in the open sun, after hibernation, or after shopping at the store. What to do: gradually accustom the plant to bright sunlight.

Read a detailed article about insects - pests, fungal diseases, as well as improper care of succulents.


How to care for succulents

Miniature plants are quite unpretentious to care for, but you still have to follow some rules. Succulents are desert plants, so they love dry climates and temperature changes. Of course, you cannot create natural conditions for their growth, since in African countries the temperature drops are up to 25 degrees.

When growing succulents of any kind, try to ventilate the room and at the same time monitor the humidity, since these plants do not like very humid air. Flower pots are best placed on windowsills on the south side, as succulents love the sun and good lighting is an integral part of caring for them. Some species do not grow well when exposed to direct sunlight, so you should consider this nuance when choosing a variety of succulents.

Depending on the season, room temperature and humidity, you will need to schedule your succulents to water. In winter, it is recommended to water about 2 times a month, and from spring to autumn it is possible almost every week, depending on the drying out of the soil. Dry soil in the pot should remain a maximum of 3-4, so be careful not to dry out the roots.

Read the article: succulents for a tropical floraium

Under natural conditions, succulents grow in sandy soil, so you can choose a special soil composition that will allow air to pass through well and not retain moisture. You can buy ready-made soil from the store and then add nutrients to it. Some growers advise adding activated carbon to the soil, as it absorbs moisture well and protects plant roots from rotting.

It is important to transplant succulents in a timely manner, especially if the plants are young. It is recommended to replant adult plants every two years, and young plants annually. This is best done in the spring, but not during flowering or budding.

Succulents need fertilization just like other plants, so you can pick up a special formula at a flower shop. Make sure that your succulent fertilizers contain a minimum amount of nitrogen, as it causes root rot. Succulents are fertilized in spring, while the concentration of the compounds should be lower than for feeding other plants. In winter, it is best not to fertilize these plants as they are dormant.

If you choose the right succulents by photo and name from the catalog, and also provide them with good care, you can organize beautiful floweria on your windowsill. Compositions of miniature plants look spectacular in the design of a modern apartment, so you can emphasize the ecological style of the interior.

Choose plants for the floraium with the same requirements for humidity and temperature, then make it easier to care for them. It is not difficult to grow succulents at home with your own hands, because these plants take root well and can even please with unusual flowering.


Watch the video: Giant House Plants: When Little Plants Get Big!


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