Excellent pepper seedlings can be obtained by growing them in a snail. In order to properly carry out the process of planting pepper seeds and caring for seedlings, you need to find out what the essence of this method is, how to apply it in practice, the pros and cons of planting pepper in a snail.
Growing seedlings in snails is available to both experienced and novice gardeners. This planting method is used when you need to save space for seedlings, to get strong shoots with a strong root system. A snail is a soft base, rolled into a roll, on which several dozen seeds can be placed. The snail will take up the same space as one glass or a little more, the seeds will be in it until they are transplanted into the soil (cups, greenhouses).
Pepper seedlings in a snail can be grown by both experienced and novice gardeners.
Compared to the conventional planting of pepper seeds in pots of soil, the method of germinating them in a snail has both positive and negative sides.
Among the advantages of this method are:
Pepper seedlings in a snail are less likely to get sick
The disadvantages of this planting process include:
The most common planting of peppers in snails with soil. Novice gardeners can master this process by following the step-by-step instructions below.
Before carrying out the planting process, you should prepare the necessary materials for it:
Soil for pepper seedlings can be purchased in the retail network
For ease of twisting the snail, the thickness of the laminate backing should be 2 mm
Next, they begin to prepare the workplace. For convenient work with the ground, cover the table with oilcloth. Tray seating can be performed. Place all the necessary materials nearby to make them easier to use.
Then they move on to the process of planting pepper:
Straighten the substrate and spread the earth on it with a layer of 10 mm
Spread the seeds on lightly tamped soil
The substrate, together with the soil and seeds, is rolled into a snail
The resulting snail is secured with an elastic band or tape
When the first "loops" of plants are formed, the cover is removed from the container, and it is placed with a snail in it on a windowsill well-lit by the sun.
You can make a snail differently for planting pepper seeds and use toilet paper instead of soil for it. In this case:
Spread the pepper seeds on moistened toilet paper
Since there are no nutrients in such a substrate, when the seeds germinate, you should unfold the snail, sprinkle 1 cm of soil on them or transplant the sprouts into cups, other containers. This planting method is rarely used because it has no advantages over standard methods of planting seeds in the ground.
Cellophane bags sold in rolls can serve as a substrate for planting peppers in a snail. Bag snails require less space than laminate backing rolls. A container for such a design needs a smaller size, for example, a plastic cup of 250-500 ml.
Snails made from cellophane bags can be placed in small containers
Sowing is carried out in the following order:
Further steps are similar to the previous method.
There is another interesting way to create a pepper snail - from newspapers. How to make such a construction can be seen below.
I heard about the method of planting plants in a snail, but I did not have to plant peppers and other crops in this way. Having met theoretically with him, I will definitely try to plant peppers in a snail. I think this method is quite simple and does not require a lot of time.
Subsequent care for planted pepper seeds is to periodically water them. It is necessary to regularly pour settled water at room temperature at the bottom of the container with the snail, do not allow the soil to dry out, otherwise the seedlings will die.
In order for it to grow and develop normally in a snail, the following nuances must be taken into account:
The process of planting and growing pepper seeds in a snail is simple. It can be implemented in practice by anyone. As a result, he will receive strong pepper seedlings if he adheres to the step-by-step instructions for planting this culture in such unusual pots and takes into account the nuances of its cultivation mentioned above.
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Eustoma (lisianthus) is a flower about which one could say "a long forgotten past." Previously, it was very popular, but, perhaps, due to the long growth, the flower was no longer cultivated in gardens and on window sills. Only in the last 5-7 years has interest in lisianthus appeared, making it the most popular crop among flower growers. The buds and blossoming flowers of this plant are the embodiment of tenderness that every grower awaits with awe, planting barely visible seeds, and waiting for the first flowers to appear for at least six months. Outwardly, the flowers resemble rosebuds, which became the basis for calling this flower popularly the French (Japanese, Irish) rose, as well as the Texas bell. But is it really that difficult to grow lisianthus in the garden or at home? What are the nuances of planting, growing and caring for annual and perennial plant varieties?
The planting of scented tobacco in open ground is carried out when warm weather sets in, the earth warms up and the return frosts pass - from about the second half of May. But two weeks before planting, the seedlings begin to accustom them to the open air, daily exposing the seedlings to the street for a while. At first, the session should last no more than an hour, but gradually the duration of the stay of the seedlings in the air should be increased until it can be there around the clock. And only after that, the seedlings can be planted in the flower garden.
Tobacco is grown in an area protected from strong winds and direct sunlight. Decorative types of tobacco are undemanding to the composition of the soil, but its fertility and moisture are important. Poor soil should be dug up with compost or humus in the fall and, if necessary, drainage material should be added to it.
When planting seedlings in open ground, it is necessary to adhere to the scheme developed by specialists: the distance between the holes should be at least 20-30 cm. Keep in mind that tall varieties of scented tobacco can reach almost a meter in height, and large plants need more space. First, the seedlings are stretched to their full height, and then they begin to creep along the ground.
Before planting, a little superphosphate is introduced into the holes, mixed with the ground, and then a seedling with an earthen clod is transferred into the hole, the hole is filled with soil, the surface is tamped and watered.
Sweet bell peppers are a popular vegetable crop, delicious fresh and canned, changing the taste of almost any dish for the better. To grow bell peppers and get a good harvest, you need to know some of the subtleties of the process.
Bell peppers come in many varieties, which can be categorized as early, medium and late. In addition, they differ in color, shape and wall thickness. So, pepper "Morozko" is a medium early variety, it reaches technical ripeness in 115 days, and full (when its color turns red) - in 125 days. The technical ripeness of all varieties presupposes a green color; at this time, the peppers are recommended to be removed and placed in special boxes for ripening.
If the fruits are left on the bush until biological ripeness, then the total yield will be less, since the strength of the plant will be spent on ripening the fruits, and not on the formation of new ones.
In this variety, the fruits are cone-shaped and directed horizontally. The weight of one fruit is about 100 g, the wall thickness is up to 0.7 cm.
Productivity outdoors - 1-2 kg / m2, indoors, of course, will be higher.
Pepper "Morozko" is resistant to diseases, fruitful, has an excellent taste (at least that's what the seed says on the package), why not buy it? Of course, it is worth buying it if you live in Western Siberia, but if in Ukraine, I would not recommend it. The variety intended for the West Siberian region will hardly please the residents of regions and countries with a completely different climate with a high yield; it is better to choose a variety that is zoned in the area of residence.
If you are going to get a good harvest of pepper, you need to know some of its features. Pepper seeds, especially large-fruited, sprout poorly and slowly. It is better to pre-soak them in "Epin", "Zircon" or other growth stimulant. When they swell slightly, or better - hatch, they are planted in the ground or peat tablets, lightly sprinkled with earth. It is important to take into account another feature of the plant: it has an extremely negative attitude towards any transplants, it gets sick for a long time after them, and gives a small harvest.
Therefore, if the seeds are planted in the ground, then immediately in a large container in which the seedlings will live until they are planted in open ground or a greenhouse. At the same time, it is important not to deeply deepen the seeds, but only lightly sprinkle them with earth, so that it is easier for them to break through. For the first time, each container must be turned into a mini-greenhouse, covered with polyethylene or glass.
When planting in peat tablets, proceed as follows: put the tablets with the open side up in a container, pour a little water and wait 15 minutes until they absorb it and turn into small barrels. The remaining water is discarded. Next, the seeds are laid out one at a time in the center of each barrel and sprinkled with soil a little.
Further, the container is also turned into a greenhouse, covered with a transparent lid or glass. Peppers sprout for a long time, sometimes up to 2 weeks. All this time, the greenhouses need to be ventilated and humidified.
After the appearance of the seedlings, the greenhouse is eliminated, and when they have a couple of real leaves each, the peat barrels are carefully freed from the net and, together with the peat, without damaging the roots, are planted in a large container.
On a site, in open ground or a greenhouse, seedlings are planted only after the threat of recurrent frosts has passed. The distance between plants is about 40 cm, between the rows - about 50, they need a sufficient feeding area. It is better to do this in cloudy weather or in the evening, deepening the bushes to the cotyledonous leaves. It is imperative to add humus to the holes, otherwise you will not get a good harvest.
At first, the plants are shaded from an overly active sun, then the shelters are removed.Further care consists in watering, weeding, loosening and feeding with mineral fertilizers. The first time the plants are fertilized with superphosphate and urea a couple of weeks after planting. When the first ovaries appear, the plant will need potassium sulfate and superphosphate if there is too little phosphorus in the soil. When the fruits are ripe, the plant is usually fed with wood ash, which is a potash fertilizer.
Peppers are not watered often, but abundantly, 2-3 times a week will be enough. The trunks of plants are gradually lignified, so it is believed that they do not need a garter.
However, some bushes of especially productive varieties break from the weight of their own fruits, in this case they are tied up like tomatoes.
The crop has good keeping quality and the ability to ripen to biological ripeness, already removed.
Minyaeva Julia uses a lot of interesting and unexpected things after transplanting seedlings, the video of planting tomatoes in a greenhouse will tell you about the useful experience of a gardener:
If, according to Minaeva, it is better not to feed the seedlings so that they can more easily take root on more fertile soil, then the beds themselves in the greenhouse need to be fertilized both before planting seedlings and during the growing season.
Minaeva actively shares her experience of planting tomatoes in greenhouses and offer to make sure of their effectiveness by growing part of the crop in the usual way, and part of it according to her methods.
Sometimes, even with the observance of agrotechnical rules and sufficient care, the ovary does not appear, and the tomato bushes begin to hurt. The reason lies in the wrong planting of seedlings.
If the bushes are planted too thickly, this leads to their shading, which means to late ripening of the fruits. Plants with a strong root system inhibit the development of weaker ones.
Thickening of the planting complicates care. The likelihood of the occurrence of diseases and the appearance of pests increases due to the contact of the leaves of a diseased bush with a healthy one.
Dense plantings can create a lack of moisture and nutrition, postpone ripening, which will lead to a significant decrease in yield.
However, with the rare placement of seedlings in the greenhouse, the use of the area will be irrational. Therefore, when purchasing seeds, it is necessary to find out which species the variety belongs to. This determines the distances that must be maintained when planting, and the care that the plant will require.
The yield of tomatoes largely depends on the correct placement of seedlings and the distance between the bushes.
That is why gardeners need to know at what distance to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse, what should be the scheme for planting tomatoes in a greenhouse. The information provided will help give
When planting seedlings in a greenhouse, you need to remember that during the entire time of growth, fruiting and harvesting, tomatoes need to create comfortable growing conditions. The whole season requires watering, weeding, feeding, pinching, spraying and hilling bushes. That is, it is necessary to provide free access to each plant.
To provide the best conditions for the growth and development of tomatoes in the greenhouse, it is necessary to comply with the established rules and conditions, one of the main ones is the use of a certain planting scheme: planting tomatoes at a certain distance between the bushes. The frequency of planting bushes depends on the variety.
Observing certain landing patterns, there are obvious advantages:
Correct landing distance
The distance between the bushes when planting seedlings is determined by the type of tomatoes, there are three of them.
Undersized or standard:
Undersized or standard
Low-growing varieties are planted in 6 - 7 bushes per square meter.
On a note.
No more than 2 bushes are planted per square meter.
There are several technologies for planting seedlings.
The most common is planting in rows. With this method, markings are made and seedlings are planted in rows. This method requires large areas, which is not suitable for greenhouses.
With a parallel planting, two rows are made between the aisles, which saves space, but the convenience of caring for the plants remains. So you can plant any variety, regardless of the height of the bushes. The distance between bushes in a row varies from 60 to 65 cm, between rows - 25-45 cm, depending on the height of the bushes. The passage between the beds is left 80-100 cm. This scheme is used when planting seedlings in a greenhouse.
On a note!
Some shading of the bushes is considered a disadvantage of this method.
With the simultaneous planting of undersized and tall varieties, they use a combined planting scheme, when tall ones are planted in the center of the bed, and undersized ones along the edges, which provides free access to any bush. Space is saved, the method is suitable for greenhouses.
For planting, 2 - 3 beds are used - this is the best scheme for planting tomatoes in a greenhouse with a size of 3 × 6 meters.
Two beds are placed along the side walls of the polycarbonate greenhouse, their width does not exceed 1 m. You can use a parallel planting of seedlings, but it is better to place the bushes in a checkerboard pattern. This will plant approximately 60 bushes. Tomatoes are planted in the greenhouse so that the distance between the bushes meets the standards for a particular variety.
If you organize 3 beds according to the scheme: the outer ones along the walls are 60 cm wide, and the middle one is 1 m, the width of each path between the beds will be 40 cm.
It is recommended to plant low-growing early varieties on the outer beds, and mid-season tall tomatoes on the middle one. This placement will provide sufficient lighting for all bushes.
Varieties with different ripening periods can be planted on each row. This planting will allow you to place up to 90 bushes.
In a greenhouse of 3 × 8 m, it will be possible to place 40 more bushes.
Each tomato variety should be planted according to a specific pattern.
Most gardeners prefer to grow tall varieties in a greenhouse; with a smaller number of bushes and occupied area, you can get a high yield and they will bear fruit until the fall.
Tall varieties of tomatoes
When growing tall varieties, space is significantly saved, because one stem gives up to 10 fruit clusters and it is not necessary to plant a large number of bushes to get a good harvest.
Tall varieties are planted, keeping the distance between the bushes 50 - 70 cm, and between the rows - 70 - 100 cm.
Do not forget to tie tall bushes to the supports.
Low-growing varieties are grown in a greenhouse and a greenhouse, mainly early ripening, due to an early harvest. They do not require much space: it is enough to leave up to 30 cm between the bushes, and the row spacing - up to 50 cm.
Before planting seedlings, you need to carefully prepare the greenhouse.
They start with preparing the soil. In the spring it is dug up, adding humus and complex mineral fertilizers. 7 - 10 days before planting seedlings, it is necessary to disinfect the ground in order to destroy the larvae of wintering pests and free them from pathogens of various diseases.
Indoor conditions, created artificially, should have a beneficial effect on planted tomatoes, promote plant adaptation and rapid growth.
If you have to plant a small number of bushes (10 - 15), you can do without planning. When planting whole beds, it is necessary to calculate the required number of seedlings. Decide on the size of the beds and the aisles between them. Have all the tools and materials for marking:
When choosing the location of seedlings in a greenhouse or greenhouse, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the placement of bushes, which differ from planting in open ground. Due to the limited area of greenhouses, you have to save usable area, using it rationally.
On a note.
Large gaps between the bushes stimulate the growth of leaves, promote the appearance of a significant number of branches, and slow down the ripening of fruits.
If the planting is too dense, there is a lack of sunlight and the received food, which can lead to the death of the bushes.
It is necessary to take into account the average recommended rates when placing seedlings:
These values vary depending on the type and variety of tomato.
The plantings should not be allowed to thicken, the plants will not receive enough light and nutrients, in addition, the likelihood of the appearance of diseases and pests increases.
When choosing a place, it is necessary to take into account what crops were grown here last season. Unwanted predecessors:
Tomatoes will feel comfortable where they used to grow:
After marking the beds, they begin to create holes, their diameter depends on the selected varieties:
Hole depth: 12 - 15 cm.
2 liters of a hot solution of potassium permanganate of a slightly pink color are poured into the prepared wells. When the liquid is absorbed, a seedling with an earthen clod is placed in the hole, deepening to the first lower leaves. Loose earth is poured on top, slightly compacted and mulched with peat or humus.
On a note.
When the plants grow, it is necessary to monitor and remove the lower leaves and emerging stepchildren in time.
To obtain a high yield, the placement of seedlings in the greenhouse plays an important role. When planting tomato seedlings, you must adhere to the recommended standards, correctly mark the beds and the aisles between them in order to create favorable conditions for the development of tomatoes, get free access to each plant and provide proper care.
Bell pepper is a vegetable crop loved by many. Every gardener dreams of getting a good harvest in a short time, he wants to plant plants that are resistant to adverse weather that do not need special care. Sweet Bulgarian pepper "Morozko" meets all these requirements.
"Morozko" is planted both in open beds and in a greenhouse.
Bushes grow up to 80 cm, dense, compact, form a stem. The leaves are green, small, slightly wrinkled. Fruits are pyramidal, with a thick wall up to 5-7 mm, large, weighing up to 100 g. The pulp when ripe is bright red, very aromatic.
The variety is early maturing. Reaches technical ripeness in 110-115 days, and full ripeness in 125.
High-yielding. During the season, from one bush, on which about 30 fruits are tied, you can collect up to 2 kg of peppers, in a greenhouse - up to 3 kg.
Pepper variety "Morozko" is a pantry of useful substances. The fruits are rich in carotene, glucose, protein and mineral salts, as well as vitamins E, C, B1, P1, B3.
It is distinguished by the following advantages:
In late February or early March sweet pepper varieties "Morozko" are sown for seedlings.
When choosing seeds, it must be remembered that they remain viable for no more than 3 years.
First, the inoculum is disinfected: it is kept in a weak solution of manganese for 20 minutes. Then they are washed and treated with a growth stimulant ("Epin" or "Zircon") so that the seedlings are more friendly.
When the seeds hatch, they are planted in previously prepared and disinfected soil or in peat tablets to a depth of 2 cm, sprinkling with a little earth.
You can sow peppers in large containers or separate pots, then the sprouts will be in them before planting in a greenhouse or in open ground.
So that the top layer of the soil does not dry out, immediately after sowing, the containers are covered with film or glass: a kind of greenhouse with a special microclimate is obtained. The containers are regularly ventilated and moistened.
To make the seedlings strong and viable, fertilize 3 times.
Feeding time Amount of fertilizer per 1 liter of water
|After the appearance of 1-2 true leaves||3 g superphosphate,|
|1 g of potash fertilizers|
|0.5 g of ammonium nitrate|
|14 days after the first feeding||6 g superphosphate|
|2 g of potash fertilizers|
|1 g of ammonium nitrate|
|Before planting in open ground||8 g of potash fertilizers|
All substances are well dissolved in pre-settled water at room temperature and the resulting composition is watered at the root of the plants.
Many gardeners use complex mineral fertilizers (N: P: K% 12.5: 17.5: 25). It can be used for seedlings growing both in the garden and indoors.
The seedlings are moved to the garden in late May-early June, when there is no threat of frost, to an unheated greenhouse - from May 15.
Two weeks before planting in a permanent place, gardeners recommend tempering the pepper: expose containers with bushes for a short time to fresh air.
Pepper "Morozko" loves well-lit areas where cabbage, carrots, onions, and legumes were previously grown.
The soil in the garden should be:
Plants are planted in cloudy weather or in the evening.
The peppers need a sufficient feeding area, so they are planted in the greenhouse according to the scheme 50X30 cm, in the ground - 45X45 cm.The depth of the holes is 15 cm. Humus is added to each depression.
Seedlings are carefully removed from the containers, being careful not to damage the roots. The plants are deepened to the cotyledonous leaves. After planting, the garden is watered.
In order for plants to grow strong and healthy, you must follow the rules of care:
Most often, peppers are affected by gray rot and late blight.
They fight gray rot by spraying the bushes with garlic infusion. To do this, 30 g of chopped garlic is infused in 10 liters of water for 2 days.
With late blight, when brown spots appear on the plants, they are treated with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid.
Pepper fruits reach technical maturity in about 115 days. They are carefully removed from the bush, leaving a small stalk, and placed in boxes for ripening. Timely harvest gives the plant the strength to set new fruits.
Finding a way to prepare delicious lecho often takes too much time, so we bring to your attention a unique, author's recipe.
A delicious snack for the winter is ready!
If you know the simple peculiarities of growing sweet bell pepper "Morozko" and follow all the rules of caring for it, you can get an excellent harvest. Even a novice gardener can grow this tasty and healthy vegetable.