Organic farming is becoming increasingly popular among farmers. Many specialists in agriculture and private gardeners and flower growers are switching to growing natural crops without the use of various chemical additives and dressings. Humates, in particular potassium humate, play an important role in these modern technologies.
About six decades ago, the famous professor Lydia Khristeva showed the effectiveness of humates in practice. Having isolated humic acids from the soil, which were represented by a solution of sodium salts, she used them to water the plants. This solution contributed to the accelerated growth and development of crops. Nowadays, preparations based on humates are used and manufactured in many countries and are in great demand in agriculture. This industry is reborn every year into the production of environmentally friendly and safe products for health. Agrarians began to massively use humates in their activities.
Humates are a variety of preparations that are made from salts of humic acids, which dissolve easily and turn into an effective solution for use in various industries. Potassium and sodium salts are the basis and concentrate of humus, which directly controls the biochemical processes in the soil. Numerous groups of such drugs are used to restore depleted and impoverished land plots, when drilling land, in environmental practice, in plant growing and animal husbandry, as well as in construction and medicine.
Humus is formed during the decomposition of organic products and their waste. The more organic matter and less oxygen, the more efficient is the process of humus accumulation. Beneficial biochemical processes in the soil under the influence of humates occur only with three main components - soil, water and plants.
Different crops react to this fertilization individually, so they can be roughly divided into groups according to the effect and degree of impact:
Potassium humate resembles ground coffee. It has the same color and similar flow properties. It is used as a top dressing for indoor plants and flowers in the open field. This versatile fertilizer is capable of changing crop volumes for the better, regardless of various unforeseen situations and unexpected weather conditions.
With the correct and timely use of humates, a good harvest is guaranteed. In principle, fertilizer can be applied at various stages of plant development and growth. It is only necessary to take into account the difference in application between annuals and perennials. Fertilization is very necessary for a one-year-old plant at the initial stage of development and before the formation of reproductive organs. Perennial crops need additional feeding after planting or transplanting to a new place to strengthen and maintain the root of the plants.
Fertilization with humates is carried out in several ways:
Each type of crop has its own fertilization rate, which is indicated in the instructions for the preparation. It is strictly forbidden to violate these recommendations to a lesser or greater extent, as the result will be a negative result. The growth and development of plants can slow down, which will further lead to a low yield. It is recommended to distribute the preparation so that a small part is used for soaking seeds and spraying, and a large part for watering under the root, that is, for nourishing the root of the plant.
To increase the yield factor, humates can be used in combination with other mineral components and trace elements. The number of components of each separately such complex fertilizer depends on the specific crop and on the selected dressings. For example, you can use humus in combination with compost, manure and humus. Manure and compost promotes the rapid growth of microorganisms if treated with a humate solution approximately 2.5-3 months before use. 10 kg of compost or manure will require 10 g of humate. Such a complex fertilizer is applied to the soil when digging or in liquid form when watering.
The preparation consists of 80% of the basic substance and is a concentrated dark brown liquid with a growth-stimulating effect. In the process of processing natural peat, many useful substances have been extracted, which are used in the preparation. These are potassium, numerous trace elements, as well as nitrogen and phosphorus. All of these active organic substances are excellent plant nutrition and natural defenses.
This fertilizer can be applied at all stages of plant development and applied by any means. The liquid must be diluted with water according to the attached instructions (for a separate crop) and used for soaking the planting material, spraying and applying under the root, soaking the seedlings.
An excellent effect is provided by peat potassium humate as a means for nourishing the soil. It helps to increase organic components on the land. It must be introduced in the form of a concentrated solution, using the manufacturer's recommendations. In combination with organic, chemical and mineral fertilizers, the effectiveness of the drug increases several times. There are no prohibitions for combining humate with potassium and nitrogen, but it is not recommended to mix it with phosphorus preparations. The newly formed compounds will not be able to dissolve with such mixing. Preparations that contain phosphorus must be applied separately from other fertilizers.
Mixing organic and chemical substances should be done carefully if you are not sure of the final result. By mixing small doses of different elements, you can easily track their reaction. When a homogeneous liquid is formed, fertilizer can be used, but when sediment falls out, it cannot.
The method of foliar treatment with complex fertilizers (with potassium humate, pesticides and minerals) not only favorably affects the development of plants, but also significantly reduces the amount of nitrates and toxic substances in their composition.
This universal preparation is distinguished by its composition in that it combines mineral and organic substances. The main advantages of the "Prompter" potassium humate among other preparations:
Most often, this fertilizer is used to feed indoor flowers. Strictly observing the dosages recommended in the instructions, it is recommended to use the fertilizer 2 times a month from March to October and 4 times from November to February.
The advantage of the drug is as follows:
Potassium humate in the country. Improve the structure of the saline area.
Considering the benefits of organic fertilizers for the growth and fruiting of garden crops, the industry has found a way to produce humic acids by an artificial method. Humic acids are substances that form in the soil for a long time.
This requires a number of conditions, first of all - a sufficient number of beneficial microorganisms so that plant residues can transform into the form of humic acids.
The agrochemical industry created such conditions artificially, which made it possible for summer residents and lovers of decorative flowers to feed plants with a natural and very useful product - potassium humate, the use of which gives an increase in yield and high immunity to garden crops.
The main feature of the drug is the acceleration of growth and development, reduction of soil acidity, acceleration of metabolism in the earth's environment.
This fertilizer includes the following elements:
Potassium in the composition promotes photosynthesis, the distribution of carbohydrates over the entire surface of plants. Potassium humate is designed to work with seeds, cuttings, seedlings and bushes.
Before planting tomato seedlings in open ground, a sufficient amount of organic and mineral fertilizers must be applied to the soil to make it nutritious. Of these, wood ash, humus and urea can be distinguished. When the plants take root, you will need to provide them with potash and phosphorus fertilizers. However, nitrogen fertilizers cannot be applied during this period.
At this stage, it is most effective to use an ash-based fertilizing by preparing a liquid solution, which will ensure good plant development and the formation of flowers and fruit ovaries.
Quite often, from summer residents and gardeners, you can hear that tomatoes are blooming, but there are no ovaries. What is the problem? Here are the main reasons:
In this situation, potassium monophosphate is excellent, which contains 50% phosphorus and 33% potassium. Dilute the substance according to the above ratio (10 g per 10 l of water). Such fertilizers are very useful for tomatoes during the flowering period. They are introduced by the foliar method. When the fruits begin to form, the plants should receive a balanced diet. In this case, it is useful to add, in addition to potassium and phosphorus, also nitrogen, i.e. provide tomatoes with a full range of nutrients.
Use the drug as directed.
How to dilute: Humate +7 is diluted at the rate of 1:10 - 1 g of substance per 10 liters of water. If you have nothing to measure the grams with, be guided by the color of the solution - it should be light brown, the color of weak tea. For 1 m 2 of soil, 4-5 liters of solution is enough. Do not overdo it with the concentration of the solution, because a large amount of humates will give the opposite effect - the growth and development of plants will be inhibited. The drug should be used up to four times per season, observing the frequency of 2 weeks.
Humate +7 methods of application:
For pre-sowing seed soaking. Humate +7 is diluted in the usual ratio, but in recalculation not for 10 liters, but for 1 liter of liquid. If this volume of solution is not needed, the color of the solution should be taken into account. A pinch of the product is enough for a glass of liquid. The seeds are soaked for up to three days, but no more than a particular variety of seeds requires.
To strengthen seedlings. Seedlings need to be watered from the first day of planting, observing a frequency of 14 days. If you use any additional fertilizers, their amount should be reduced to 30%.
To improve the composition of the soil. When applying the drug to the soil, it does not need to be diluted in liquid, 10 g of fertilizer is enough for 2-3 m 2. For uniform application of humates into the soil, the easiest way is to mix fertilizers with sand in a glass jar. Stir the resulting mixture well and scatter in an even layer over the treated soil surface. Then dig it up.
For successful overwintering of plants. In order for fruit and berry crops to better endure wintering, they can be treated with Humate +7 according to the basic instructions at the rate of 1:10.
Potassium humate is one of the most essential fertilizers in case the soil is poor in nutrients. It improves its composition, which has a beneficial effect on the harvest, makes tomato plants strong and the fruits tasty.
The spectrum of action of the drug is very diverse:
Potassium, which is part of the composition, is an indispensable trace element for tomatoes.
The drug is available in various forms.
It is a dark brown powder that must be dissolved in water. He paints it dark brown. Just one kilogram of powder is enough to compensate plants for all the nutrients contained in a ton of humus.
This is a ready-made solution with a slightly longer shelf life.It consists of 80% humates, and 20% of other nutrients - phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen or others. This variety is the most popular due to its ease of use. You can use it for:
This type of liquid humate is considered the most balanced and nutrient-rich. helps plants to start faster after transplanting to a new place, postpone the pick, withstand temperature changes, and the harvest from the bushes under which this agent was introduced is better stored. Spraying weekly does not cause overdose.
Spraying tomatoes with potassium humate is one of the most common ways of using the drug. Top dressing is prepared according to the instructions on the package. Usually, no more than 3 grams of powder is needed for 10 liters of water. Root top dressing, that is, watering, is also useful. Prepare a weak solution at a concentration of 0.05% and add no more than 2 liters per square meter.
To soak the seeds, you will need 5-6 g of powder per bucket of water. The correct liquid concentrate is diluted according to the instructions.
To enrich poor soil, 100 g of powder will be needed for each hundred square meters. They are evenly poured with soil during digging.
To neutralize pesticides accumulated in the ground, 50 g of powder will be needed for every 10 square meters. It is mixed with sand and sprinkled with soil evenly.
To improve the composition of the soil, a solution of 0.1-0.2% is prepared to water the soil with it.
In addition, spraying is helpful. Potassium humate is especially valuable for tomatoes in July, when they bloom and set fruits. It is imperative to carry out processing:
It is not recommended to add the solution simultaneously with phosphorus-containing agents: compounds appear in it that do not decompose and are not removed, which deteriorates the composition of the soil. Superphosphates, popular among gardeners and farmers, also belong to phosphorus-containing preparations.
Also, it cannot be used with potassium nitrate. If, nevertheless, it was necessary to use mutually exclusive fertilizers, supplement with a break of at least five days.
Nitrogen supplements and any organic, including home remedies, go well with humate.
A solution of potassium humate can be prepared from dry powder in accordance with the presented proportion, or you can use a ready-made product. Dry granules must be completely dissolved within 2 days after mixing with water.
The dosage for certain types of crops is indicated on the packaging of the product, and the standard proportion is 1/3 of Art. spoons per 1 liter of water.
Duration of soaking for the following types of seeds:
Fertilization with a solution of potassium humate as foliar feeding is carried out using a substance of a certain concentration. It is necessary to dilute the composition in a proportion of 3 grams of powder per 10 liters of water and water the plants with the resulting compound as a spray.
Processing is carried out no more than 2 times a month. An approximate fertilization scheme for a plant:
Protection against diseases and pests is carried out by spraying the upper part of the plant shoots in a standard proportion of the solution according to the proposed scheme, depending on the planted crop, the presence of open or closed ground.
Such a preparation is used for feeding not only vegetables and houseplants. Few people know, but many fruit plantations love potassium monophosphate. Application for grapes is another secret of the substance. For better ripening of berries, such feeding is carried out in the autumn. Grapes can be fertilized in two ways:
Fertilizers for grapes are used throughout September. Be sure to maintain the interval between feedings, which should be 7 days.
We have replenished your collection of useful drugs that are allowed and recommended for use at their summer cottage. It was about potassium monophosphate. Now you know what your plants love.