In our country, strawberry varieties of foreign selection are widespread. It cannot be said that all of them are much better than domestic ones, but there are so worthy that there is no doubt about the appropriateness of their cultivation in our beds. One of the most popular varieties is the French Darselect.
The Darselect strawberry is relatively young: it appeared in France at the very end of the last century, bred on the basis of the popular European varieties Parker and Elsante. This is a mid-early variety, not repaired, and quite fruitful. Belongs to the number of crops of short daylight hours: fruit buds form at the very end of summer and early autumn, when the day is declining.
The bushes of this strawberry are large, have a powerful root system and large dark green leaves. The number of whiskers is moderate. Peduncles are straight, high. The flowers are ordinary. Unfortunately, they often fall under return frost and are largely damaged. The variety is characterized by a very meek interval from the beginning of flowering to the ripening of the first berries, which is no more than a month.
Despite the strength of the peduncles, bedding for berries is required.
The berries are heart-shaped with a rounded top. They are not the largest among modern varieties, but individual specimens can reach a weight of 50 g and the size of a matchbox. The main part of the berries weighs from 20 to 30 g. Color - from rich orange to brick-red, with significant shine. The pulp is dense, slightly lighter in color than the surface of the berries. The taste is considered balanced, dessert, sweet and sour, reminiscent, like the aroma, of wild strawberries. Most tasters give the Darselect berry the highest rating.
The yield of the variety is slightly higher than average: up to 800 g of berries are harvested from one bush, at best about a kilogram. The first berries turn red in the middle lane in the first half of June, fruiting lasts about a month. Berries are "dry": they do not lose juice during collection and storage. They tolerate transportation well.
The variety has good heat resistance and moderate frost resistance. Resistance to most diseases is above average. The bushes are kept in one place for no more than four years, after which the plantation is renewed.
Darselect strawberries are not among the varieties with the ideal berry shape. It can vary both within the bush and over time. This shape is often called heart-shaped, they speak of blunt-conical, but a large number of berries grow in the form of various scallops. The shape of the berries at the end of fruiting is especially unpredictable. The color is also inconsistent: it is almost never dark, but it is also difficult to call it just red, some berries are rather orange. There are many seeds, they are small, light yellow, sunken.
It's hard to say anything definite about the shape of the berries.
A distinctive feature of the variety is a short time interval between flowering and ripening. In mid-May, the first flowers appear, the first berries can be tasted at the very beginning of summer, and in mid-June they are already harvested with might and main. The variety is very much loved by gardeners, because it has a lot of advantages, for example:
The negative aspects of the variety include:
Compared to one of its "parents", the reference variety Elsante, Darselect strawberries produce larger berries, but their total number is smaller. This strawberry variety is considered one of the most delicious, although far from the most reliable. Like other French varieties, it is intended mainly for warm regions. Already in the middle lane, and even more so in the north, the cultivation of this strawberry is difficult, various domestic varieties and "Americans" are more suitable there: Marshal, Kent and others.
Elsante has smaller berries, but the overall yield is almost the same.
Darselect strawberries are versatile in use, but due to their excellent dessert taste, they tend to use the main part of the harvest fresh. It is well stored and transported, which helps in resolving this issue. But the surplus crop still has to be processed. This strawberry can be used to make preserves, jams, compotes, and liqueurs. Like many varieties of strawberries, it tolerates freezing well, almost without losing its shape and retaining its taste and aroma.
Dessert taste of berries can be transferred to liqueur
Darselect strawberries compare favorably with most varieties in their ability to grow and bear fruit in partial shade. Of course, planting it in the sun brings the ripening of the crop closer by several days, but this factor does not greatly affect its quantity and taste of berries, although, naturally, the sugar content of berries grown in the sun is slightly higher. Otherwise, the requirements for the location and composition of the soil for the variety are traditional. The size of the bushes is forcing them to be planted rather sparsely: the gardener can choose a convenient scheme himself, but no more than 4-5 plants should be placed on a square meter.
In order to get a full harvest in the second year after planting, many gardeners remove the flower stalks that grow during the first season.
This variety cannot boast of frost resistance, but it is well suited for growing in greenhouses, which is often used by residents of the northern regions. Still, the most delicious berries grow in the open air. They try to protect this strawberry from the action of strong winds, and do not plant it in the lowlands.
This variety cannot be called completely non-capricious. So, Darselect well withstands extreme heat, but only under the condition of abundant watering. Sometimes you have to water the strawberries twice, or even three times a week. At the same time, excessive waterlogging is unacceptable. In hot regions, they try to organize drip irrigation systems. Top dressing is carried out according to the usual schemes - 3-4 times per season. In spring, emphasis on nitrogen, just before flowering, complex fertilizers are given, during the period of berry growth - potassium in the form of ash, and in autumn dry organic matter is introduced. In many regions, they prefer to keep the beds with these strawberries under a black film, otherwise mulching with straw or dry grass is used.
Arrangement of drip irrigation makes it easier to maintain the desired humidity
The maximum temperature that this variety can withstand is -20 aboutC. Therefore, in most regions, the bushes are seriously prepared for winter. Soon after harvest, most of the foliage is cut off, allowing new growth to grow. Shortly before frost, they loosen the soil, sprinkle it with humus, carry out winter watering and wrap the plants well. They use a variety of materials: hay, coniferous branches, lutrasil or spunbond.
Darselect strawberries are highly loved by gardeners because of the excellent taste of berries. It cannot be called the most problem-free from the point of view of agricultural technology, but its cultivation does not present any particular difficulties.
Strawberry Corona was bred in the Netherlands in 1972. The varieties Tamella and Induka were involved in obtaining it. Since the plants can withstand frosty winters, this strawberry has successfully taken root in our country, where it came in 1978.
In the literature, one can find mutually exclusive information about its remontability. Apparently, the whole point is in the climate of a particular region and in the correct observance of technology.
The variety does not have continuous fruiting, the first begins at the end of June and lasts two to three weeks. But if the weather permits, you can harvest both the second and third crops during the season. Moreover, the possibility of year-round fruiting in greenhouse conditions or in a city apartment is indicated.
The bushes of this strawberry are of medium height, with wide leaves of a normal color. Whiskers give relatively little, but they may be enough for breeding. A small amount of mustache makes it easier to care for the plantation. Peduncles are above average height, strong, withstand berries without falling to the ground.
There are berries even on young bushes, and they do not fall to the ground.
Berries of medium and above medium size, weighing from 12 to 30 g, heart-shaped, dark red, shiny. However, large berries are only at the very beginning, then they become very shallow, with poor care reaching very small ones, which the owner will be too lazy to collect. The pulp is orange-red, sweet, of excellent dessert taste, with a very slight sourness and a lot of juice. The aroma is strong, strawberry. The berries are firmly adhered to the stalks, sometimes to such an extent that it cannot be torn off without damage. It is because of the excellent taste of the berries that the variety does not lose its popularity, since for most of the other indicators it has long had very serious competitors.
The variety at the time of its appearance was distinguished by a relatively high yield: up to a kilogram of berries can be harvested from one bush per season. Under industrial conditions, the yield is estimated at 140 c / ha, but at present the variety is not grown on a large scale, it is widespread only on personal plots. In our time, such yields are not considered outstanding.
Strawberries withstand frosts down to -20 ° C, moderately resistant to fungal diseases, can be affected by gray rot and white spot.
The variety is undemanding to the composition of the soil, but is not shade-tolerant, it bears fruit well only in open areas. Drought resistance is average, it does not tolerate waterlogging well. This requires the arrangement of drip irrigation systems, which are good at solving problems with soil moisture.
Since the Korona strawberries are very juicy and soft, they do not tolerate transportation well. Therefore, if a variety is grown for sale, then the harvest is sold only in a specific area. The shelf life of fresh berries is very short: within two days after picking, they lose their presentation, and soon become unusable. Therefore, the variety is mainly used for domestic purposes. Berries do not tolerate freezing and turn into mashed potatoes.
"Darselect" was bred by breeders of the Planasa research center for the development of new varieties of fruit and berry crops (Le Barp, France) in 1998 by crossing the recognized leaders "Elsanta" and "Parker". The variety is adapted to the continental climate, therefore it is suitable for growing in open ground in the middle zone and southern regions of Russia, practically throughout the territory of Ukraine and Belarus. Productive in greenhouses and greenhouses, suitable for growing in low-volume containers (hanging pots or balcony boxes). The variety also demonstrates excellent results on substrate and hydroponics.
The highest yield rates "Darselect" provides when grown in greenhouses and greenhouses
The variety has not received official registration in the State Register of the Russian Federation, but both prestigious foreign nurseries of strawberry seedlings (Flevoplant, Planasa, Van den Elzen, Henselmans, etc.) and agricultural firms in Russia and other post-Soviet countries that implement planting material of imported or own production.
Photos from the sites of manufacturers of planting material of the variety
Alba does not belong to remontant forms - only one harvest wave can be harvested per season.
Gardeners note the distinctive varietal feature of Alba - a dense and vigorous bush. This combination greatly facilitates harvesting. It is not difficult to separate the Alba berry from the stalk, the place of separation is always dry, not decaying.
A distinctive feature of the variety is a fairly good tolerance to a short drought. But a small amount of moisture in the soil affects the quality of the berries. They lose their elasticity, become less juicy. In a dry season, you need to water the crop more.
Another positive characteristic of Alba strawberries is the ability to withstand severe frosts. Under cover, with an average height of snow cover, the variety is able to withstand frosts down to minus 30 degrees.
The variety is classified as early maturing. Berries are one of the first to appear on store shelves. The yield is largely influenced by weather factors, as well as the care of strawberries during the growing season.
In the southern regions of the Russian Federation, harvesting begins from 17 to 31 May. If Alba was grown in a greenhouse, the harvest of ripe berries is carried out a month earlier. Judging by the original description of the variety, its yield potential is 1.2 kg per bush, however, in practical conditions, it is possible to get 700 g of berries from one plant.
Breeders from Italy managed to obtain a variety showing excellent resistance to:
Alba is endowed with weak resistance against:
The Alba variety is universal, tasty and healthy fresh and processed products. For the winter period, housewives harvest from this strawberry:
There are no varieties that have advantages in the absence of disadvantages. They all have positive and negative qualities. Among the pros and cons of strawberry Alba are the following
The Asia variety was originally created for cultivation in industrial greenhouses. But strawberries have shown high adaptive abilities and are successfully cultivated in Russian gardens.
A place for strawberries should be chosen even or with a slight slope (up to 5 °), well lit throughout the day. In the lowland, the root will block, besides, cold air accumulates there. On a hillock, the variety suffers from a lack of moisture.
The best soil is fertile loam with a loose structure, a large amount of organic matter and a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. The Asia variety grows well in greenhouses on artificial substrates.
A bed for strawberries is prepared in advance, stones and roots of weeds are selected. For digging, organic matter, fertilizers are introduced, and lime on acidic soils.
Bushes are placed in lines:
This method facilitates planting and maintenance, and is recommended for most industrial varieties.
When planting strawberries, it is important that the heart rises slightly above the soil level:
Strawberry seedlings Asia are obtained from whiskers or horns. The latter are well separated from the mother bush and take root. The variety forms few creeping shoots, the best seedlings are given by the first rosettes located close to the base of the bush.
It is recommended to divide strawberries at the beginning of the growing season before the protrusion of the peduncles or after fruiting. In cool regions, it is better to do this at the end of summer, in the south - in the fall, when the heat subsides, but before the first frost there is enough time for successful rooting.
The whiskers are separated from the mother liquor and replanted at the end of the season. In small areas, it is convenient to rooting in small cups with a lower hole, dug into the ground next to the mother bush.
Caring for Asia differs from other varieties of strawberries except for the high demands on feeding. This is typical for all cultivars originally intended for industrial cultivation.
Fertilizers are applied at least 4 times per season:
As an autumn fertilizer, potassium monophosphate and Pekacid showed good results.
Strawberries are watered abundantly and regularly throughout the season. Asia especially needs a lot of water from the moment the first buds open until the beginning of fruit formation. During the ripening of the crop and in cool weather, irrigation is reduced. Autumn moisture charging is required.
The soil is kept clean - weeds are weeded, the aisles are loosened. To shorten the work, it is recommended to cover the strawberry beds with straw or black non-woven material.
If the mustache is not intended for propagation of the variety, it should be removed. It is best to do this as early as possible - creeping shoots draw off a lot of nutrients.
Strawberry Asia is an excellent industrial mid-early variety that is successfully grown under a film cover, in vegetable gardens and in ordinary greenhouses. It is tasty, fruitful, not too demanding to care for, easily multiplies, well stored, transported over long distances with minimal losses.
According to gardeners, even a novice gardener can grow Alexandrina strawberries. At the same time, the variety gives a good harvest. In addition, many use these bushes to decorate flower beds, garden paths and balcony mini-gardens. Read the reviews of real gardeners presented below and you can understand the features of this variety.
Anna Aleksandrovna, Irkutsk region
Polina Anatolyevna, Belgorod region
Irina Alekseevna, Lipetsk region
Nikita Antonovich, Nizhny Novgorod region
Ekaterina Sergeevna, Moscow region
FROMVetlana Tarasovna, Leningrad region
Elena Viktorovna, Moscow region
Tatyana Ivanovna, Sverdlovsk region