Vallota


Vallota (Vallota) - flower represents the genus Amaryllis. She came to us from the humid subtropics of the South American continent. French explorer Pierre Vallot first described this plant, which is why it began to bear his name.

The root system of this perennial is a bulb. It is oval, scaly, brown in color. Quite small in size. A sword-shaped leaf, more than half a meter long, has a dark green color, but at the petiole it is purple. The peduncle has no sepals, and the inflorescence is presented in the form of an umbrella, which has from 3 to 9 single flowers.

Of its entire family, only the vallotta has a green-purple color palette of a leaf plate and a light crimson bulbous scale of an underground root formation. A distinctive feature of the vallotta is an unusual way of budding daughter bulbs. In her, they come to the surface of the soil with the help of repulsive legs, unlike other representatives of the genus, in which children appear in the depths of an earthen coma. As it grows, a root end appears at the vallotta bulb, which deepens the daughter formation into the soil and allows it to exist independently.

Caring for Valotta at home

Location and lighting

Vallota is a fairly light-loving flower. When choosing a location, it is important to know that the flower prefers east-facing windows.

Temperature

Suitable summer temperatures range from 20-25 degrees. In winter, a cooler temperature range with a range of 10 to 12 degrees is suitable.

Air humidity

In hot conditions at temperatures exceeding 25 degrees, the plant must be constantly irrigated from a spray bottle. However, getting drops of moisture on the petals of flowers will have a bad effect on their delicate surface. Vallotta leaves must be kept clean at all times. For these purposes, a damp cotton cloth is quite suitable.

Watering

Like all bulbous plants, the wallot should be watered very carefully, avoiding waterlogging of the soil. During the period of active growth, it is necessary to water the plant only after the top layer of the soil dries out. During winter dormancy, the lower the temperature of the bulb, the less often it is watered. However, remember that the vallotta does not tolerate the dying off of leaves, since it is their condition that signals the wrong watering regime.

The soil

Such a flowering plant like Valotta needs increased soil nutrition, therefore, a mixture suitable for it includes as many as 4 parts of fertile soil from under the deciduous litter. The remaining parts are made up of humus, turf and 2 parts of sand.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Liquid store fertilizer intended for flowering indoor plants should be used once every 14 days from spring to autumn during the flowering of the Valotta.

Transfer

Vallota should not be transplanted into fresh soil frequently. Its underground parts are very susceptible to damage during transplantation, and the process of rotting can begin. Only if the bulb grows so much that it will not fit in the pot, it will be possible to move it to a more spacious container. Since the daughter bulbs are very depleting of the adult bulb, it is best to separate them right away. The top of the mother bulb does not need to be buried. Children will bud on it, which can be removed as they grow.

Flowering period

With proper care, the villlota bulb produces flower stalks twice a season. The life of one stem with flowers is 5 days. At the same time, 2-3 buds can bloom at once.

Reproduction of the Valotta flower

There are two suitable ways to propagate Valotta: seed and with the help of children (daughter bulbs).

Reproduction by children

Separated children are placed in individual small containers, deepening them only two-thirds. They do not need to be watered often, especially in the first months. The bulbs will grow and begin to bloom only after 2 years.

Seed propagation

You need to sow vallot in mid-autumn in moist soil under glass. Further maintenance will consist in regular ventilation and irrigation at a temperature of 16-18 ºС. The sprouts will appear in about a month. Half-year-old seedlings should dive for the first time. Small onions should be planted in separate pots, completely immersed in the ground. After 2 years, young bulbs are transplanted so that the top is on the outside. The seed method produces plants that will bloom in the third year after sowing.

Diseases and pests

Vallota is highly susceptible to root rot due to waterlogging of the soil and the presence of pathogens of this disease in the soil. Therefore, it is better to plant the bulbs in previously disinfected soil. Most needed for young bulbs.

Excess moisture in the soil in winter often causes gray rot. It is not uncommon for aphids, spider mites and scale insects to affect the vallot.

Popular types of Valotta

The plant has only three varieties, for which there are still disputes about where to attribute them. For example, the beautiful and purple vallotta was singled out as a separate subspecies of citranthus, and the dwarf vallota - in the Clivia subspecies.

Vallota the beautiful

The plant is also called Citrantus, purple Amaryllis, beautiful Krinum. Its brown scaly bulb has an oblong shape. A leathery leaf with a length of 40 cm has the appearance of a sword and a dark green color. The stem with inflorescence emerges directly from the center of the bulb and reaches a height of 30 cm. It has no sepals, but inside it is empty. The umbrella unites 3-6 flowers at once. 6 petals form one bud. The petal has parameters: length 8, width up to 10 cm. There are mainly burgundy and bright orange flowers, the only exception is the genus Alba with white petals.

Vallota purple

This variety has smaller leaves and flowers than other types of vallotta. The perennial also has a bulb and foliage no more than three tens of centimeters in height. They are painted bright green and have a leathery surface. The diameter of one flower reaches 5-6 cm, and one inflorescence-bell contains at least 2, maximum 8 buds. The pointed petals form a purple flower.


Valotta

The genus is named after the French botanist P. Vallot. The only species of this genus is found in South Africa.
In culture, several garden forms are known, in particular "Alba" - with white flowers, "Magnifica" - with large (up to 12 cm in diameter) flowers, etc. It has been known in room culture since the 17th century.
Bulbous perennial plant, amaryllis family. The bulb is ovoid, small, protrudes up to half above the surface of the ground, with brown filmy outer scales. Forms many bulbs - "babies".
Leaves are leathery, dark green, shiny at the base, reddish, belt-like, xiphoid or linear, up to 60 cm long. and 3 cm wide. Flowers are symmetrical, 6-petal, 3-9 in an umbellate inflorescence on a hollow leafless peduncle up to 40 cm high. At the base of the inflorescence there are 2 large bracts. The perianth is funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, up to 8 cm long and 8-10 cm in diameter, white, pink or bright red.
The duration of flowering of one flower is up to 5 days, two or three flowers bloom at the same time. With good development of the bulbs, the plants bloom twice a year - in spring (May-June) and in autumn (September-October), which is especially valuable. The fruit is a capsule with flat black seeds. Blooms in summer - autumn.
Purpose: in single plantings or in combination with other succulents, in compositions using stone, small plants are grown in flower beds and vases.

CARE TIPS.
Location. Vallota is very unpretentious, grows well in sufficiently lit rooms, especially on windowsills. Prefers bright places, but can grow in partial shade. Protection from the midday rays of the sun is necessary. Lighting - bright light.
Watering in summer, during the period of growth and flowering, requires abundant watering, top dressing (once every 2 weeks) with mineral and organic fertilizers that stimulate flowering. From October to December, watering is moderate without top dressing. With a cool winter, which is recommended by some experts, watering is very rare.
Air humidity is moderate, the leaves are periodically washed.
Care: in the winter, some experts recommend putting the wallot to rest, drying the bulbs.
In our conditions, plants are kept in a vegetative state all year round, although watering in winter is somewhat reduced. Thanks to this, the plant blooms profusely twice a year and forms many daughter bulbs.
Temperature: room temperature in summer, cooler in winter, about + 13 ° C.
It needs a reasonable amount of sun to form flowers. Vallota does not discard leaves, since it does not have a period of complete dormancy. From November to December, the plant should be transferred to a cool room with a temperature of 13-18 C and the plant should be placed on the northwest window. In summer, it is kept on the southern window, on the balcony, planted in open ground without pots, or pinned together with pots in a semi-shady place.
Reproduction: by daughter bulbs, which are separated from the mother when transplanting plants in spring or early summer, less often by seeds, since they quickly lose germination. When planting young plants, it is necessary that the bulbs rise 1/3 above the soil level in the pot. In one pot with a diameter of 9 cm, one large onion or several small ones are planted for growing. With vegetative propagation, it blooms in the 2nd year, with seed propagation - in the 3rd-4th year.
Transplant: usually carried out in 2-3 years in small pots. Transplant only when the bunch of bulbs grows. Optimal time: March to May. Soil: a mixture of deciduous soil, sod land, humus with the addition of sand, bone meal (4: 1: 2)
Pests: affected by aphids and scale insects. Leaves may develop stains if not properly cared for. The plant loses its decorative appearance in too warm rooms


Cyrtantus sublime

• in rooms with light windows (south, west, east)
• in general premises
• in winter gardens, greenhouses

transplanted as rarely as possible, only if necessary, and either before flowering in spring, or after flowering in summer

sod land: humus: sand (or chopped sphagnum moss) (1: 1: 1)

• does not tolerate transplantation due to root trauma
• does not tolerate stagnant water in a pot
• damaged by scale insects, aphids, spider mites, suffers from fusarium

in room conditions, forced (from October to February) due to low illumination and humidity

• daughter bulbs (children)
• less often seeds

the top of the bulb should be above the surface of the substrate

leaves are dark green, belt-like, up to 60 cm long and 3 cm wide

usually in autumn, may re-bloom in spring

flowers funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, up to 8 cm in diameter (in the form of 'Magnifica' - up to 12 cm in diameter), collected in 3-9 pieces on a leafless peduncle up to 40 cm high


Cirtantus

Cirtantus (Cyrtanthus) is a flowering bulbous perennial, well known in indoor floriculture by its older name - vallotta (Vallota). It is a genus from the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae), including 56 plant species.

Previously, the genus Vallota included only one species of plants - beautiful vallot (Vallota speciosa), now it bears the name Cyntanthus sublime (Cyrtanthus elatus).

The systematic and taxonomic affiliation of the representatives of this genus has not yet been definitively determined. Today, according to the world classification, Vallotta is beautiful (Vallota speciosa), she is also purple Vallot (Vallota purpurea), transferred to the genus Cyrtantus (Cyrtanthus), and Vallotta is dwarf (Vallota miniata) - to the genus Clivia (Clivia)... And the well-established name Vallot can be used as a synonym for the correct generic name.

Cyrtantus sublime (Cyrtanthus elatus) is one of the most common species in domestic culture all over the world. The plant reaches a height of about 0.65 m. The diameter of the flowering bulb is up to 45 mm. The leaf plates are leathery, about 40 cm long and up to 30 mm wide, belt-shaped, dark green in color. Blooms in mid-August. Peduncle up to 30 cm long, leafless, grows from the center of the bulb. Umbrella-shaped inflorescences wide open and directed upwards consist of 3-6 flowers, reaching a length of up to 8 cm, and in diameter - from 8 to 10 cm. The corolla consists of 6 petals, painted in various shades from dark red to orange and even white. It was from this species that such popular varieties today among flower growers as "Delicata", "Magnifica", "Pink Diamond", "Alba».

Among the less common types:

Small-flowered citantus (Cyrtanthus brachyscyphus) is the smallest representative in its genus, the leaf blade of this species does not exceed 15 cm, and the width is no more than 0.5 cm.The short peduncle bears bright red flowers up to 3 cm in size.

Cyrtantus oblique (Cyrtanthus obliquus) with leaves 50 cm long or more - one of the tallest. Its peduncle can bear up to 12 tubular flowers, the scarlet petals of which eventually turn yellow-green at the tips.

Cyrtantus Makena (Cyrtanthus mackenii) in its kind - one of the most shade-tolerant and moisture-loving. This plant can be both evergreen and deciduous. In nature, this species prefers to live on river banks. Height - 40 cm, leaf width - 1 cm.During the flowering period, the peduncle can have up to 10 flowers of light red or dark pink color in the form of narrow tubes formed by fused petals; flowers of this species have a pleasant smell.

Cyrtantus Galict (Cyrtanthus helictus) prefers to grow on dry sandstones. This is a medium-sized species with twisted leaves and white-pink flowers, collected in inflorescences of 3 pieces.


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