Spinach is an amazing plant that has a huge number of useful properties and is extremely unpretentious. However, there are several rules regarding pre-treatment and sowing of seeds. You need to read this information in order to properly perform these activities and provide the spinach with the most favorable conditions for growth.
When working with seeds, try to use only soft water at room temperature - thawed, rain or boiled. If you use tap water, then pre-defend it for a day.
Spinach seeds are brownish in color and small in size
Unlike other crops, spinach does not require careful pre-sowing preparation, but it should not be neglected due to the fact that its seeds have a dense shell and it is difficult for them to germinate on their own.
It is necessary to pre-sow spinach seeds to ensure their best germination.
The spinach seeds prepared in this way are immediately sown in the ground.
It is worth noting that spinach seedlings are grown quite rarely, since there is a high risk of damaging the soft roots during transplantation. But if you want to prepare seedlings, then it is better to use small individual containers for sowing. It is recommended to give preference to peat pots or peat tablets, since in this case you will not have to extract the plant from them when planting in the ground.
Seedlings will appear in 5-7 days, after which you can remove the film. Moisten the soil in a timely manner and air the plantings (10 minutes, 2 times a day), and when sprouts appear, gently spray them from a spray bottle. It is advisable to plant seedlings in open ground at the age of 15–20 days, counting from the moment of sowing.
Sow spinach for seedlings, preferably in peat pots or peat tablets
When planting and caring for spinach in the open field, you need to provide proper conditions for growth, choose the right site and carry out all the necessary preparatory measures.
Good precursors for spinach are potatoes, cucumbers, radishes, beets, and some cabbage varieties (early and cauliflower). In areas where cabbage of late varieties and carrots grew before, it is undesirable to plant spinach.
It is advisable to prepare a bed for spinach in the fall if you want to sow it in the spring, or at the end of August if you want to plant spinach before winter. When preparing, take into account not only the predecessors, but also the quality of the soil. Spinach grows best in sunny areas with fertile loose soils (sandy loam or loamy) with neutral acidity. Dig up the soil and apply 4-5 kg of humus, 200-300 g of ash and mineral fertilizers (urea - 10 g and superphosphate - 15 g) per 1 m2. If the soil is acidic, then 5-7 days before fertilizing, carry out liming: dig up the soil by 20 cm and scatter the deoxidizing material (lime, dolomite flour) at the rate of 200-300 g / m2.
The main signs of an acidic soil include a light coating on its surface, rusty water in pits, and a large number of weeds such as dandelion and horsetail.
If you want to plant spinach in the spring, just before sowing, dig the bed shallow again, and then loosen it. It is also advisable to strengthen the side of the bed with slate or boards: spinach requires abundant and frequent watering, and such a measure will help prevent erosion of its sides.
Sow seeds and plant spinach seedlings according to the scheme, observing the distance between rows and plantings so that the plants do not interfere with each other
Spinach does not belong to crops with a strong root system, so you can easily place it in beds with other plants - eggplant, onions, dill, beans and peas, tomatoes and radishes. Planting spinach next to celery, zucchini, beets and asparagus is not recommended.
As you can see, preparing seedlings or sowing spinach seeds in the ground is a simple matter, and even those who grow this culture for the first time will cope with it. Follow all the recommendations, do the work at the right time, and you will provide yourself with an excellent harvest.
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This leafy vegetable is healthy and delicious in salads, sauces, and even pies are made with it. This is probably why many people prefer not to buy a salad, but to grow it themselves in the right quantities. Surprisingly, opinions differ as to whether it is difficult to grow lettuce in the garden or on the windowsill. Someone sows it with one movement of the hand, and he ends up with amazing harvests. Others guess favorable days, study the experience of experts, create almost greenhouse conditions for growth, but ... Why is this happening?
Are there any special secrets in the plant, or is the main thing for spinach - "light hand"? To answer this and other questions, we will get to know the culture today. We will learn about the best varieties of vegetables, about the timing and methods of planting, about the growing conditions, both in the open field and on our windowsill.
This is not the first article on the topic of garden / vegetable garden. The collection contains a lot of useful information. Be sure to take notes, bookmarks, or simply subscribe to collect all the articles that matter to you!
Spinach is a relatively cold-hardy crop. The seedlings of the plant are able to safely survive negative temperatures down to -8 degrees. Therefore, you can sow it in open ground in the spring and not be afraid of return frosts.
It is optimal to plant spinach in the garden after the ground warms up to 4-5 degrees Celsius.
Planting spinach seeds outdoors is possible from mid-April to July. At such times, a crop is planted for cutting off ripe greens. Planting from mid-July to mid-August is carried out to obtain and cut young leaves.
Early sowing in the southern regions can be done as early as March. In the Middle lane (Moscow region), sowing can be done from mid-April. In Siberia, in the Urals - since May.
Advice! Spinach is an early maturing crop. If you want to regularly cut fresh, delicate greens, then it is advisable to sow a crop in the garden every 3-4 weeks.
The desire to acquire spinach in the garden can simply disappear after a few unsuccessful plantings. To prevent this from happening, you need to know all the requirements for growing this vegetable crop.
It is better to plant spinach in lighted areas where water does not stagnate. To harvest as early as possible, the plant is placed on southern slopes that are protected from cold winds.
If, besides the lowland, there is nowhere to plant bushes, the culture is sown on ridges, which are fenced with boards of hard rock. Due to the fact that the root system of the plant is short, the embankment can be small.
Since spinach is compatible with most garden crops, there is practically no need to take into account when choosing predecessors and neighbors. The only thing worth paying attention to is how the previous crop was fertilized - the more top dressing was added last year, the better for spinach. These rules apply to all cultivated plants, except for beets, since plants are susceptible to the same diseases and pests.
Spinach loves to grow on nutritious and loose soils (sandy loam or loamy), neutral acidity (pH 6-7).
If the soil on the site is excessively acidic, they are introduced into the soil in advance (even in the fall) dolomite flour.
In autumn, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (superphosphate and potassium sulfate or wood ash and bone meal), as well as organic matter (compost, humus). And in the spring add nitrogen (urea or ammonium nitrate).
To improve the structure of heavy clay soils, additional peat and sand can be added.
To speed up the emergence of seedlings, the planting material is soaked in warm water. If the seeds of many crops are soaked for several hours, then the spinach seeds are kept in water for 24-48 hours. This feature is due to the fact that the planting material is covered with a hard shell, through which moisture is difficult to absorb. The germination container is placed in a warm place and the water is periodically changed. At the end of the period, the spinach seeds taken out of the water are slightly dried and sown in open ground.
The first thing to do before planting spinach seeds outdoors is to loosen the soil with a rake and then level it. If the landing will be carried out on the ridges, an embankment is created at the selected place and fenced with improvised materials. On a prepared bed, rows of 2 cm deep are made with a wooden plank. The optimum distance between rows is 15-20 cm, and between plants - 7-10 cm. Seed consumption for sowing is 1 sq. M. area - 4-5 g.
If you plant the bushes too densely, the plants will develop more slowly. To be sure that there are enough plants on the garden bed, and the place will not be empty, you can reduce the step between the bushes in the rows. However, if the seed germination rate is 100%, the plantings will have to be thinned out. The soil in the deepening is watered with warm water, the seeds are laid out. Then the crops are carefully covered with a rake, at the same time slightly crushing the soil.
To reduce moisture evaporation and slow down the growth of weeds, the garden bed is mulched with hay, dry leaves, and chopped straw. If the planting is done correctly, and the weather is favorable, the first shoots will appear after 2 weeks.
Video: how to sow spinach correctly - timing
In the spring, gardeners have enough trouble. Therefore, experienced summer residents prefer to have spinach on the site, planted before winter. The same applies to cold-resistant crops such as garlic, sorrel, radish, carrots. It is very convenient. Since there is still a lot of time in the fall, as well as free space in the garden. The soil is normally saturated with moisture. Do not worry that the green seedlings of the crop will die from frost. With the arrival of spring, plantings are normally restored. And you get the opportunity to collect fresh vitamin greens from the beds and have on the table.
From the video you will learn how to sow green seeds correctly.