Plant vesicle (Latin Physocarpus) belongs to the genus of deciduous shrubs of the Pink family. The Latin name for the vesicle comes from two roots of the ancient Greek language: physo, which means bubble, and carpos, fruit. The genus has 14 species native to East Asia and North America. In culture, the bladder shrub is an unpretentious plant that does not lose its decorative effect during the entire growing season. It is also advantageously distinguished by its resistance to air pollution and rapid growth rates.
The bladder is used in landscape design and as a solo plant, but the hedge from the bladder looks most impressive.
Read more about the cultivation of the vesicle below.
The bladder bush is distinguished by spreading drooping branches that form a dense crown in the shape of a ball. In adult bushes, the bark exfoliates in wide stripes. The height of the bladder is up to 3 m, the leaves are three-five-lobed, resembling viburnum leaves in outline. The flowers are white, simple, with numerous stamens, collected in hemispherical inflorescences with a diameter of 5 to 7 cm and abundantly covering the bush in early summer. The fruits of the bladder also look attractive - swollen leaflets that turn red when ripe.
In culture, vesicles are represented by only two species, which have several varieties that are very attractive for flower growers with leaves of different colors.
For planting, purchase bubble-bearing seedlings with a closed root system in a garden center or nursery - such planting material can be planted at any time, except for winter. Saplings with open roots are planted in spring or autumn, although planting a bubble plant in the fall is still preferable. Choose an open, sunny area for the bladder, away from large trees. If you plant a variety with green leaves, then it will grow well in partial shade.
There are only two requirements for the soil of the vesicle: there should be no lime in it, and it should be well-drained - the rest of the plant does not care. True, it is worth saying that on loose, fertile loamy soil, the plant will have a more luxuriant, elegant and bright appearance.
A pit for the bladder will need such a size that a layer of fertile soil (or a mixture of earth, peat, sand and turf) can be placed in it and so that the root collar of the seedling is at surface level. Therefore, it is better to dig a hole and place a fertile layer in it two weeks before planting, so that the earth has time to settle.
The bladder seedling is placed in a hole, without removing the soil from the roots, so as not to injure the plant, and it is better not to add fertilizers to the soil when planting, since a young plant in a new place will not be able to assimilate them. Fill the hole with fertile soil or soil mixture of the same composition as described above, and water the plant abundantly. If the soil becomes sedimentary, add more earth. At first, make sure that the soil around the seedling is slightly moist all the time. Mulch the area with peat or humus.
The most important point of plant care is timely watering, since the bladderworm does not tolerate drought. When the soil is moistened, water should not fall on the leaves or inflorescences of the bladderwort, as this may cause burns on them. Therefore, it is better to water the plant early in the morning or in the late afternoon. The approximate frequency of watering in the hot season is twice a week, the amount of water for an adult bush is 40 liters. Monitor the condition of the leaves of the plant, because both lack of moisture and its excess are harmful to the bladder.
After watering, if you have not mulched the area, you need to loosen the soil and remove weeds. Fertilize the bladder twice a year - in spring and autumn. In the spring, for feeding, a solution of a half-liter jar of mullein, a tablespoon of ammonium nitrate and the same amount of urea in 10 liters of water is used at the rate of 15 liters of solution per adult plant. In autumn, the trunk circle is watered with a solution of nitroammophoska at the rate of 2 tablespoons of fertilizer per 10 liters of water at a consumption of 15 liters of solution per adult bush.
Bubble plants in the garden need both formative and sanitary pruning. In the spring, they carry out mandatory sanitary pruning, removing broken, diseased, frozen branches and shoots, as well as those that grow inside the bush. Pruning the bladder in the fall is necessary to prepare the shrub for wintering. Formative pruning can also be done in the fall, although it is wiser to do it in the spring.
If you want to have a wide bush, cut the bladder at a height of half a meter, and if you are attracted by the shape of the fountain, cut out all the thin shoots at the base, and only slightly shorten the remaining 5-6 strongest ones. Rejuvenating pruning of a bush on a stump is done in the sixth year of the life of the bladder. Sections on thick shoots are treated with garden pitch.
Sometimes it becomes necessary to transplant the vesicle - either the place does not suit him, or you have changed plans for him. Transplantation of an adult vesicle is carried out in the spring before the awakening of the buds or in the fall, after leaf fall. A bladderwort with a large lump of earth is transplanted, having previously trimmed the bush - removing all unnecessary, diseased and thickening shoots, and shortening the rest to 20-30 cm.This is done in order to reduce the load on the root system, which will be difficult to simultaneously adapt to a new place and feed an adult bush.
Transplanting is carried out according to the same principle as the initial planting, with the amendment that you are not replanting a seedling, but an adult bush. After transplanting, water the bladder with a solution of Kornevin or Heteroauxin, and treat the leaves with Ecogel-antistress or Epin.
As you can see, even an inexperienced grower can do planting and caring for the bladder, besides, this shrub is very resistant to diseases, pests and is almost not affected by them. Sometimes, due to poor nutrition, he may develop chlorosis, which is expressed in yellowing of young leaves and drying of the apical shoots. In this case, you will have to add iron to the diet of the bladder by spraying the leaves or watering under the root with a solution of Antichlorosis, Ferrylene, Ferovit, and best of all with iron chelate. Usually after this the health of the plant is restored.
At home, the vesicle reproduces vegetatively - by layering, cuttings and dividing the bush. You can, of course, sow bladder seeds in autumn or spring, having previously subjected them to monthly stratification, but the fact is that grown seedlings rarely inherit the bright color of the foliage of the parent plant, and there is a lot of fiddling with them, while vegetative methods of propagation of the bladder are more convenient , and more reliable, and give quick results.
For cuttings, you need to cut off the green shoots of the current year 10-20 cm long with two or three internodes before the flowering of the bladder, remove all leaves from the lower part of the shoots, and cut the leaves in the upper part of the cutting by half. Then the cuttings are soaked in a solution of root or any other root formation stimulant, planted in a training bed in a mixture of sand and peat, watered and covered with plastic wrap. Care for cuttings consists in their regular watering and airing. For the winter, rooted cuttings are covered, and in the spring they are transplanted to a permanent place.
This is the easiest way to get a new plant. In the spring, choose a strong, healthy shoot facing outward, remove all leaves from it except those growing at the top, place in a 12 cm deep groove made in the soil, pin with wooden staples or regular hairpins and fill the groove with soil. During the growing season, remember to water the cuttings, loosen the soil around it, and remove weeds. In autumn, separate the rooted layer from the mother bush and cover for the winter.
The easiest way to reproduce the bladderwort is the dividing of the bush. This should be done in spring or autumn, but if you have the knack for digging and transplanting plants, then you can divide the bladder bush in the summer as well - in this process, speed of execution is most important so that the roots of the bush extracted from the ground do not have time to dry out.
In the fall, the bubblegum is surprisingly beautiful when the monochromatic foliage begins to dazzle with autumn colors. The bladderwort is a fairly frost-resistant plant, and usually in winter only young immature twigs freeze on adult bushes, however, cuttings of the bladderworm that have taken root by autumn, like young bushes, are sheltered for the winter.
How to shelter a bladder if you are expecting a frosty winter? Gently pull the bush with twine and cover it with a roofing felt cone. You can loosely wrap the bush with lutrasil. But first, the soil around the bush must be mulched with a layer of peat 5-8 cm thick. After pruning and mulching the trunk circle, it is better to cover young bushes with spruce branches.
Currently, in horticultural floriculture, only two species of vesicles are grown, as well as their varieties and varieties.
It is a shrub from the mixed forests of North China, North Korea and the Far East with a globular crown. It reaches a height of 3 m. Young shoots in plants of this species are smooth, reddish-brown, and the bark of old trunks exfoliates in longitudinal stripes. The leaf of the Amur vesicle is three-five-lobed, with a heart-shaped base, up to 10 cm long, dark green on the upper side and grayish-whitish from tomentose stellate hairs on the lower side. White flowers up to 1.5 cm in diameter in an amount of 10 to 15 pieces make up the corymbose inflorescence and bloom within three weeks. The fruit is a swollen leaflet that turns red as it ripens.
The Amur bubblegrowth is winter-hardy. It is used in single and group plantings, hedges. He has been in culture since 1854. Such forms of the Amur vesicle are known:
It comes from the east of North America, where it grows along river banks and in undergrowth. This shrub reaches a height of 3 m, its crown is dense, hemispherical, leaves are three to five-lobed, elliptical, with a large elongated middle lobe, dentate along the edge, green above, lighter below, sometimes with pubescence. Flowers up to 12 mm in diameter are white or pink with red stamens. The fruits are swollen prefabricated leaflets, at first light green, but reddening as they ripen.
In landscape design, the viburnum bicarp is used solo and in a group, including for the creation of a hedge. In culture since 1864. The most famous varieties:
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Shrubs Pink (Rosaceae) Ornamental deciduous Plants on P
The gallbladder is a deciduous shrub that belongs to the Pink family. From the ancient Greek language Physocarpus means "bubble" and "fruit". It is also popularly known as Tavolga. Growing country - East Asia and North America. This is an unpretentious plant that retains its decorative appearance throughout the entire growth period. Resistant to air pollution and has a fast growth rate. It is used as single shrubs to decorate landscapes, as well as a hedge.
The bush has branchy branches that form a dense spherical crown. In mature plants, the bark exfoliates in strips of medium width. The length of the shrub is about three meters in height. The foliage resembles viburnum and has three or five parts. Flowers of white color contain many stamens, collected in spherical inflorescences with a circumference of up to 7 cm. Abundant flowering, starting in June. After its completion, red fruits are formed.
The vesicle looks great in landscape design... Its rapid growth allows in a short time to create a hedge of a unique beauty. The plant can also be used for specimen plantings, decorations for various curbs.
Children like him very much. Playing in the shade of a spreading bush, you can press on the core of the flower. The fruits burst with a loud pop, as if they were saluting.
Freshly blossomed pinkish flowers of the Amur bladder
To get exactly such a vesicle, as in the description of the decorative variety you have chosen, you should plant it in a well-lit place.
This fun plant is simply meant for celebration and beautiful fun. Check out how it might look like a hedge:
Many people associate the gloomy dull crimson color with something demonic.Probably, this is what gave the breeder a reason to name one of the most beautiful varieties of the viburnum diabolo.
In the gardens of central Russia, there are two similar species of this plant: the Amur vesicle (Physocarpus amurensis) and the viburnum vesicle (Physocarpus opulifolius). Both are bushes up to 2.5 m tall, with many densely spaced arched-hanging shoots. The leaves are 3-5-lobed, the size and shape are reminiscent of viburnum leaves. The flowers are simple, white, with numerous noticeable stamens, in dense hemispherical inflorescences up to 5-7 cm in diameter, cover branches in abundance in early summer. The fruits are also attractive - strongly swollen leaflets, reddening when ripe. The bark of old bushes peels off and flakes off in longitudinal stripes (one of my friends was even scared in the spring: she thought her bush had died). The shape of the bush is hemispherical.
The Vine-leaved bladder is more attractive, moreover, it has several decorative forms with different leaf colors. Diabolo belongs to the so-called purple-leaved varieties.
This property is found in many plants. Scientists attribute it to shifts in chlorophyll synthesis. Similar processes take place in autumn, when the leaves acquire red, yellow, purple hues. The most famous are purple forms of hazel, barberries, maple, cherry plum, from herbaceous plants - tenacious, geychera, loosestrife. But this does not mean that they are all the same. In hazel, the foliage is brownish-purple, in barberries, it is dark brown, sometimes to black. Diabolo has no rivals in color brightness. At different times and in different parts of the crown, the color of the leaves varies from bluish-violet to red-brown and carmine-red with many undertones.
Diabolo has a great future in our gardens, and not only because of the plant's striking appearance. It is frost-resistant, unpretentious to the soil, and most importantly, it is resistant to all kinds of mushroom attacks, from which purple barberries and maples suffer so much. Diabolo is less sprawling than the main species, more upward. It grows quickly, tolerates haircuts, is moisture-loving and sun-loving, and is resistant to urban gas pollution.
In design, it is an excellent specimen, it looks good against the background of ordinary greenery, on the lawn, in compositions with undersized and medium-sized conifers and shrubs. They can decorate the background of the composition, plant it as an accent plant in the center of a carpet flower garden. The neatly trimmed hedges from Diabolo look especially impressive and are the perfect backdrop for other plants. The variety is simple in culture, and the fact that this bubblegum is not often found in our gardens is explained only by its recent appearance in Russia.
An open place is chosen for planting, the plant prefers deeply cultivated moisture-absorbing loams, a low occurrence of groundwater. It tolerates the transplant well, having taken root, quickly grows the crown and blooms from 4-5 years. Although Diabolo is not picky about soils, moderate fertilization improves its decorative effect. The main fertilizer (rotted organic matter, 5-10 kg, and combined NPK fertilizer, 50-70 g / m2) is applied when filling the planting pit. In the future, it is enough to put fertilizer into the trunk circle once a year in the spring. Watered bladders only in drought at the root, once a week or a little less often.
Species bladders are propagated by seeds, sowing them immediately after collection to a depth of 2-3 cm. Varietal plants - by cuttings. I propagated Diabolo with green cuttings from mid June to early August. Even the tops of the shoots are rooted. The cuttings remain in the cuttings until spring, then I planted them and grew them for another year.
A separate issue is haircut and shaping. All bladders have a high bud awakenability after pruning, which allows plants to tolerate 2-3 times pruning of growing shoots well. Pruning begins from the second year, shortening the main shoots. The formation of single bushes is aimed at creating a more compact, dense crown. It is created by pruning the tops of protruding shoots, restraining unwanted growth.
Ninebark © MargotHere
For hedges, Diabolo bushes are staggered in two rows (30 cm between rows, 40 cm in a row). The fence can be rectangular, about 1 m high, or limited only from the sides. In this case, its height will reach 1.8-2.3 m.
One plant, of course, does not make a garden, but with such “components” as Diabolo, it becomes both harmonious and graceful.
Planting and caring for the viburnum bladder is a simple set of measures, but it requires certain knowledge. The representative of the Pink family, like any plant, has certain nuances that must be observed by the gardener during cultivation. If the recommendations are followed, you can observe how quickly the viburnum bladder grows, adding annually up to 40 centimeters in width and height. Mandatory care measures include:
Carrying out timely pruning of the shrub is one of the fundamental factors in the rapid growth and health of the plant. All types and varieties of bladderworm respond positively to care measures. In addition to its practical value, pruning helps to form a dense, neat crown of the desired shape and allows a representative of the plant kingdom to become a worthy decoration of a summer cottage, to successfully perform a decorative function.
Sanitary pruning is carried out in the spring. If necessary, the event is performed in summer and autumn. The signal to the beginning is the appearance of the bush. If there are broken or damaged branches, they must be removed in a timely manner.
The shaping procedure is carried out only after the flowering period. It is permissible to reduce the length of the branches by a maximum of half the size of the crown in the first year of the plant's life. In the subsequent period, the area to be removed is increased to 2/3 of the total length.
When forming and maintaining a hedge in a decent form, you should trim the crown several times during the growing season. The frequency may vary depending on the condition of the bush. The first hedge formation procedure takes place in mid-spring and lasts until the beginning of the flowering period.
For proper watering of a representative of the plant kingdom, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the cultivation zone - the composition of the soil and climatic conditions, the age of the shrub.
When growing bladderwort in areas of an arid climate with hot summers and high average temperatures, more attention will have to be paid to watering. Sandy or loamy soils will require regular watering throughout the growing season. It is recommended to irrigate twice every 7-10 days in the amount of 40-50 liters of water. Watering should be done at the root. If moisture gets on the foliage, there is a high risk of burns. To avoid injury to the plant, watering should be carried out in the morning or spinning hours.
Care should be taken when cultivating the plant in clay soils or on lawns. The regularity of the procedure is significantly reduced. It is necessary to strictly observe the measure. An excess amount of water will lead to powdery mildew and the subsequent death of the vesicle.
The bubble plant requires feeding twice a year. Events are held in September or May. In the spring, nitrogen-containing compounds should be added to improve the growth rate. Suitable nutrients include:
To prepare feed, you should mix a kilogram of organic matter, 10 liters of plain water, 1-2 tablespoons of a mixture of nitrate and urea.
In a mixed composition, combine the bladderwort with other deciduous shrubs such as lilacs and spirea. Use a shrub at the back of a perennial flower arrangement to accentuate vibrantly colored perennials like echinacea.
Since the height of the shrubs ranges from medium to tall, they are suitable for planting in the middle or rear border of the compositions. They can also appear effective when used in mass plantings.
This bright plant is used in both single and group plantings.
Bubbles can be planted next to other ornamental shrubs
The combination of the diabolo vesicle and Annabelle hydrangea looks harmonious.
And also this spectacular plant will create a pleasant shade in the recreation area near the bench.
But it looks best in the garden in the form of a hedge.
For contrast, you can plant next to another variety of vesicles, for example, with yellow leaves.