Did you know that at home you can grow geraniums with flowers of different shades and even aromas?
Geranium grafting is a great chance to feel, if not a breeder, then at least a florist-entertainer.
Only young and healthy pelargoniums should be vaccinated. The ideal time to experiment with geraniums is spring. As a basis, we take any strong pelargonium older than one year. We cut off the top of the strong stem and make a tick cut about 2 cm in it. We insert the prepared scion cuttings into it, try to adjust it so that the rootstock and scion sections are in close contact. We bandage it with a piece of polyethylene or carefully fix it with a soft woolen thread, press the bag on top. In a week it will be clear whether our scion has taken root.
More useful techniques and tips for growing pelargonium are in our material.
Read more about growing geraniums below.
Pelargonium (lat.Pelargonium) - a genus of the Geranium family native to South Africa, numbering up to 400 species and forms of annuals and perennials. In Europe, representatives of this genus appeared in the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century. Relatives of pelargonium, or flowering geranium - meadow geranium and common geranium. All types of home-grown pelargonium are united under the general name "indoor geranium", and in this article we will tell you how to care for geraniums and how to propagate geraniums at home.
Geranium - one of the most popular indoor plants that does not require much effort or time to grow. Nevertheless, there are several features that the amateur florist about caring for home geraniums does not hurt to know:
Growing geraniums at home is very simple. The soil for geraniums needs moderately fertile so that there are more flowers and less greenery on the bush. It is important to provide a good drainage layer from the coarse claydite in the plant pot. Watering geraniums is necessary abundantly, as the soil dries up, and in winter, watering geraniums is almost stopped. Geranium does not need spraying, as it prefers fresh dry air, so it would be nice to take it out to the balcony in the summer. The light, as already mentioned, should be bright, direct sunlight is encouraged. And only on the hottest days, geraniums are slightly covered from the sun. Any temperature in the summer will suit the plant, but in winter it is desirable that the room be about 15 ºC.
Fertilize geraniums every two weeks from late March to mid-November with liquid fertilizers. An excellent feeding for geraniums is an iodine solution: 1 drop of iodine is dissolved in 1 liter of water and 50 ml is carefully spilled along the walls of the pot. No more needed so as not to burn the roots. After such feeding, indoor geranium blooms for a long time and abundantly. Do not use fresh organic matter as fertilizer, geranium does not tolerate it.
Geranium does not like transplants, and does not really need them. Only when the roots begin to crawl out of the drain hole of the pot can you put it to this test. Planting or transplanting geraniums is carried out in early spring, when the plant begins its growing season. The pot should be chosen only a couple of centimeters in diameter larger than the one in which it grows, otherwise, if the pot is large, you will get a lot of branchy shoots, but the geranium will not bloom.
In the photo: Growing geraniums in a pot
In the fall, it is time to trim geranium shoots. You need to leave a stem with 6-7 leaves. Remove shoots that do not grow from the root, but from the leaf sinuses. If the plant has grown again during the winter, in the spring (at the end of February or the beginning of March) it can be cut off again, leaving only a few buds on the stem. The cut branches can be used as propagation cuttings. In the future, in order to improve flowering and make the geranium bush thicker, pinch the shoots after 4-5 leaves. Florists do not recommend pruning geraniums at home from December to January.
Seed propagation of geraniums is not at all difficult. Purchased seeds germinate well and produce a large number of seedlings. The use of seeds collected from our own geraniums is unlikely to give the expected result, since during seed propagation, hybrid varieties lose the characteristics of the mother plant. Geranium seeds are sown in loose moist soil (peat, sand and turf soil in a ratio of 1: 1: 2), sprinkled on top with a layer of the same soil or sand two and a half centimeters thick. Spray on top with water from a spray bottle. So that the seedlings do not get sick with the "black leg", the substrate should first be shed with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. The planting should be covered with glass and regularly moisten the soil, while eliminating condensation. The temperature for seed germination is 18-22 ºC. When shoots appear, the glass is removed, the container is moved to a bright place, but the temperature is reduced to 16-20 ºC. After 1.5-2 months, the seedlings have 2-3 true leaves, and they can be planted in pots, and when 5-6 leaves appear, you can pinch the shoot to enhance tillering.
You can stock up on cuttings all year round, but it is better to do it in the spring. Geranium cuttings should be 5-7 cm long and have 2-3 leaves. The freshly cut stalk is dried for 24 hours, then the cut site is sprinkled with crushed coal and planted in a small pot with loose soil. Sometimes the cuttings are rooted in coarse sand, which should be slightly damp all the time, but when watering, the water should not get on the leaves and stems so that the plants do not rot. You do not need to cover the cuttings. After the cuttings have roots, they are transplanted into the ground to a permanent place. The optimum temperature for rooting cuttings is 20-22 ºC.
Geranium rarely gets sick, but if it does, then, as a rule, improper care is the cause. Sometimes young geraniums have a black leg (black rot). Such plants are not cured, they must be destroyed, and the soil in which diseased specimens grew should be sterilized or replaced with a new one. It is necessary to ensure that the soil does not become waterlogged - this is the reason for the occurrence of black, root and gray rot. Sometimes geraniums are attacked by ticks, whiteflies, or aphids. If ticks or aphids have gotten on your geranium, wash the leaves, especially carefully on the underside, with an infusion of pharmacy chamomile or tobacco with green soap. After 2-3 hours, wash off this composition from the leaves with water. Treatment of the plant with such preparations as "Zubr", "Confidor", "Aktellik" and "Fufanon" will help you get rid of whitefly, and all in turn, since it is not so easy to get rid of this pest and its larvae.
There may be several reasons why geranium leaves turn yellow:
In the photo: Geranium turns yellow
Usually the reason why geraniums do not bloom is:
If only the tips of the geranium leaves dry, then the plant does not have enough water. Another reason that geranium dries is the fungal disease rust: the leaves first become covered with red-brown spots, then they begin to dry and fall off. Spray the geranium with a 5% solution of Bordeaux liquid or treat it twice with phytosporin at intervals of 7-10 days.
In the photo: Geranium leaves are drying
Most often, in home floriculture, zonal geranium, or kalachik, as it is still called in common parlance, is used. It is distinguished by dark concentric circles on the leaves, grows up to 30-60 cm in height, sometimes even up to a meter, blooms with simple or double bright flowers, collected in globular umbellate inflorescences of red, crimson, white or pink flowers.
Ampel plant for hanging flowerpots with brittle hanging shoots up to a meter long and with racemose inflorescences of simple, semi-double and double flowers of a wide palette of colors.
She is home, royal noble) is represented by many varieties, shapes and colors, sometimes with variegated leaves, with simple and double flowers. The height of the plant is up to half a meter, it is distinguished by a dark spot or stripes along the veins on the lower petals.
In the photo: Geranium ivy
With the scent of lemon, almond, pepper, lemon balm, mint, ginger, pineapple, strawberry, coconut, pine needles, when you touch the leaves, it is truly a miracle of nature, used to obtain geranium oil, which is valuable for the cosmetic, medical and food industries. Their flowers are small, pinkish or purple.
Geraniums, pansy-like, blooming with hanging caps of inflorescences. They are compact bushes up to 30 cm high.
In the photo: Royal geranium
A hybrid of lustrous and royal geraniums with highly dissected leaves and a spicy scent. The flowers of incredible beauty are similar to the inflorescences of the royal geranium.
Represented by 10 types: with thorns, like cacti, and without thorns. Interesting for their decoratively curved stems, they resemble small baobabs. Used to create bonsai.
Sections: Houseplants Beautifully flowering Ornamental deciduous Geranium Plants on G
Asparagus are used for landscaping residential and office premises; these flowers look great in ampel and cascading compositions. Some types of asparagus are grown for cutting, and their shoots are perfect for decorating bouquets and floral arrangements.
Under natural conditions, asparagus is widespread in Asia, East and South Africa, and South America. It grows in tropical and subtropical forests, along river valleys, in savannas and mountainous regions. In nature, asparagus is represented by several life forms: shrub, liana, and perennial grasses.
The plant has a tuberous root system that stores nutrients.
The genus Asparagus (Asparagus) is a representative of the Asparagus family, there are more than 300 plant species in it, which can differ significantly from each other.
A number of members of the Asparagus family (for example, medicinal asparagus) are grown as vegetables and are eaten. Asparagus is a very popular delicacy in Europe and North America.
Some asparagus species grow well at home. Asparagus are also used in landscaping, planting them in shaded areas of the garden. These perennials winter well in the mild climate of the Western and Southern regions of Russia.
Asparagus asparagus - this species can be grown using a support or as an ampelous plant. Asparagus is used asparagus and cut, the shoots retain their freshness for a long time. It blooms with small white inflorescences, at the end of flowering, bright orange berries with an orange scent are formed.
Another type that is popular among florists is Asparagus Sprenger, ampelous plant. A light-loving species of asparagus, it is a climbing shrub, the stems grow up to one and a half meters. The flowers are fragrant, small, white.
Asparagus pinnate - a fairly common, unpretentious look. Shoots branch well, giving the plant a decorative, fluffy appearance. It rarely blooms at home. Cirrus dwarf asparagus is the most compact species of asparagus.
Asparagus Meyer - very beautiful view. Shoots grow upward, reach a length of more than 50 cm, are pubescent and resemble a spindle in appearance. Used in cut flower arrangements and as a houseplant.
Asparagus crescent - an elegant liana, the length of the stems of which at home can reach 4 meters. The plant develops rapidly, many shoots grow from the rhizome. Decorative flowers of crescent asparagus, they have a pleasant aroma and form double inflorescences.
Florists love asparagus for its lush, feather-like shoots. Asparagus is unpretentious, but you should still know and follow some rules for caring for this plant.
Remember that asparagus is a humid tropical plant, so try to keep it regularly watered. It is recommended to water asparagus 2-3 times a week with settled water at room temperature. The soil in the pot should be moist, but avoid waterlogging and stagnant water in the pot. In winter, when the plant is resting, watering is somewhat reduced.
Asparagus love bright sunlight, but you should still protect the plant from direct sunlight.It is best to position the asparagus pot on the east or west windowsill. If your plant lives on the south window, then try to shade it with a curtain.
Asparagus grows well at moderate room temperature. Optimal temperature range for a plant:
Spray asparagus regularly, especially during the heating season, when the indoor air can be dry and hot. With a lack of moisture, asparagus leaves can turn yellow and fall off.
Optimal ratio of soil components for asparagus:
In spring and summer, it is advisable to feed the plant weekly with liquid mineral fertilizers for indoor crops and organic fertilizers of low concentration. In the autumn - winter period, the frequency of feeding can be reduced to once a month.
The rate of development of clivia is average; about 6 leaves are formed on it per year. If properly cared for, a flower can live for about 40 years. The older and larger it becomes, the more abundantly it begins to bloom. An adult clivia will no longer fit in a pot; you will have to select an appropriate tub for it. The dimensions of the small one are quite compact and are up to 45 cm.
Flowers begin to appear in late winter. During this period, bell flowers bloom alternately on a long peduncle. Flowering lasts about a month. The rest of the time, clivia retains its decorative effect due to its long leaves forming a beautiful fan.
Be careful! Clivia is a poisonous plant. Roots and leaves should not be ingested. Do not put the plant in the nursery if you have a small child.
This method is much more practical. It allows you to quickly get the result. And the probability that the stalk will take root is almost 100%. And you can be sure that your cub will be the same as the mother geranium. Propagation by cuttings is best done from early spring to mid-summer. In an adult plant, under the bud, you need to cut off a shoot with leaves 5–10 centimeters long. The cut must be oblique. Then, an upper straight incision must be made over the kidney. It remains to put the cuttings in an opaque glass of water and wait for the roots to grow. This will take 10-14 days. Change the water every 3 days. When the cutting has developed a root, it needs to be planted in a glass or small pot. Only after it gets stronger and begins to grow in height can it be transplanted into a larger pot.
This is not to say that the process of plant propagation is very time consuming. As a reward for your efforts, you will receive a beautiful, healing geranium. Propagation by cuttings has several advantages. However, this does not mean that the plant should not be propagated by seeds.
An unpretentious plant is geranium. Its propagation is carried out by cuttings or seeds. If you want it to be used as a medicine, you need to water it with a mixture of water and growth stimulants several times a week (for 1 liter of water, you need to take 1 milliliter of growth stimulants). This can be glucose solution or heteroauxin. In order to maintain the necessary air humidity, it is advisable to put an open jar of water near the flowerpot.
At the end of spring, geraniums, already transplanted and cut off, need to be taken out into the fresh air. The plant does not need spraying, as well as abundant watering. With an excessive amount of moisture, the flower will die. In this case, an insufficient amount of moisture will be just as destructive. Therefore, you need to water the flower systematically. Indoor geranium is a light-loving plant. And its lack will negatively affect both the flowering and the health of your green pet. For watering, you need to use water at room temperature. Cold water can cause disease. As for the temperature regime, it should vary from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius.
It is necessary not to forget about additional nutrition for your pet. You can buy the necessary fertilizer in specialized stores. Do not forget that as the geranium grows, it is necessary to transplant the bush into a larger pot. Otherwise, the plant will ache and wilt.
The plant is very light-requiring! Give the geranium plenty of light and it will delight you. Traditionally, indoor plants are placed on windowsills. But many successfully grow on supports near windows and in window openings, and there are those that will feel good in the far corner of the room. But geranium will feel best on the windowsill! And in a well-lit one. It is clear that these are windows from the south, southeast, east, etc. orientation Only the north window is undesirable, where the light may not be enough, but the northeast window is fine. In this regard, I must note that if you put geraniums on the sill of the south window, and it will stand there in the summer, protect it from direct sunlight. Although it is believed that some of their geraniums are even beneficial, prolonged exposure, especially through window glass, can negatively affect the appearance and well-being of the plant. Shade it during the summer heat. But if possible, then in the summer place geraniums on the street. You can put it together with the pot on the balcony or in the front garden, but it is better to plant it directly in the open ground, and it is beautiful, and the plant is much more comfortable.
If indoor geranium is grown and "brought up" in your house, then the temperature maintained in it is quite suitable for it. The only thing is that in winter geraniums like cooler air (optimally + 10..15 degrees). But if it is on your windowsill, then everything is fine, the temperature near the windows is usually lower than in the room.
Geranium loves abundant and regular watering. But if suddenly you forgot to water it, then do not despair, the indoor geranium will transfer not particularly long-term drying out of the earth quite easily, and after watering everything will return to normal. But with the overflow, the situation is somewhat different. Stagnant water, especially in the cold season, can cause irreparable harm to it. There is a high probability of decay of the root system and if the plant is not intervened in time, the plant may die.
Home geranium is absolutely indifferent to the humidity of the air. That is, it can easily grow and thrive in dry air. Unlike many indoor plants, it is highly undesirable to spray geraniums. Perishing will not perish, but decorativeness will suffer.
Most geranium species develop throughout the year, which means that it must be fed constantly (once every 15 ... 20 days). Which fertilizer you choose for feeding it does not really matter, but it must be fertilizer for flowering indoor plants with a high phosphorus content. If you use nitrogen fertilizers, then geranium will intensively increase the green mass to the detriment of flowering. In no case should you feed geraniums with fresh organic fertilizers.
It is absolutely not necessary to replant geraniums regularly. And you can do this at any time of the year (although it is preferable to transplant geraniums in a warm season). There are times when this is necessary: the plant got sick (it was flooded inadvertently), grew out of the pot so that the roots crawled out through the drainage hole, etc. At the same time, keep in mind two points: geranium does not need an unnecessarily spacious pot, it will grow worse in this way, and not transplant geraniums during flowering unless absolutely necessary. If the plant blooms, and for one reason or another it needs to be transplanted, then it is better to cross it along with an earthen lump. The only exceptions are emergency transplant cases due to illness, there is no time to save flowers, they must first be removed.
To the composition of the earth, indoor geranium is not particularly demanding. Land from the garden is fine. This is often done when they dig it out of open ground in the fall for transfer to a room for the winter. It is simply dug out with a clod of earth and transplanted into a pot. But if it is impossible to collect garden land, you can buy a ready-made soil mixture. For those who like to make such mixtures themselves (and rightly so!), We can recommend the most popular composition of the earth for geraniums:
Eight pieces of turf land
One part of river sand (can be replaced with perlite)
Be sure to provide quality drainage! If the holes in the pot are too small and the layer of drainage material (for example, expanded clay) is insufficient, then the likelihood of water stagnation increases many times.
If you want to constantly have a beautiful geranium, then you simply cannot do without reproduction. After a couple of years of life, the plant begins to grow and lose its attractiveness, or it can reach such sizes that it will be cramped on the windowsill, and the flowers will become less and less. So there is a need for rejuvenation, and this is reproduction. Geranium can be propagated in two ways: by seeds and cuttings. But the first method is used much less often: in nurseries, where the count goes to thousands and tens of thousands of copies (you can't get enough cuttings), if there is no way to get a cutting (which seems unlikely) and if seeds of a rare species of geranium are caught (here is a lottery, it all depends on the quality seeds). It is believed that geraniums grown in this way are more decorative, more compact and more abundant blooming. But believe me, with good care, you can grow a flower from a cuttings just as well. So amateur gardeners (and I think there are 90 percent of them) grow geraniums from cuttings. This procedure is extremely simple.
You can take cuttings from the mother geranium bush in spring and late summer - early autumn, when it is convenient for you. The stalk should be taken young, not lignified, but sufficiently developed. From the top of the shoot. The stalk should have 4..5 leaves (such as in the photo below). If reproduction of geraniums is a new thing for you, then take a few cuttings from the propagated plant for safety reasons. Then we put them in a glass of water and wait for the roots to appear. When they grow up to about a centimeter long, they can be planted in a pot.
By the way. In this way, many indoor plants multiply and take root. For example - epiphyllum, Benjamin's ficus, zebrin, aichrizon, monstera, fat woman ... And you can't list everything.
It took 20 days ...
You can also bypass the stage of growing roots, plant them immediately in the ground. After cutting, the cut of geranium must first be tied in a shaded place, then it is highly desirable to dip the cut in aloe juice and grind it with charcoal powder (activated). If there is no aloe, but there is any root stimulant, then you can use it.
The land for this method of growing geraniums from cuttings is needed somewhat easier than for an adult flower.
One piece of greenhouse land
One piece of sand or perlite
If there is no greenhouse land, then it can be replaced with a garden one.
I mentioned above that the traditional indoor geranium can grow remarkably in the summer outdoors. There she feels much more comfortable than at home. Any place for planting is suitable (except for thick shade, of course). But try not to plant it in a low area where moisture accumulates. Otherwise, the same thing can happen as when pouring geraniums in a pot. Under such conditions, Black Leg disease can develop. It should also be noted that the shoots and especially the peduncles of geraniums are very fragile, wind and rain can damage them. Try to find the place that is most protected from them. But in any case, take care of the support for the geranium. Even if the flower is not large, then over the summer it can grow up thoroughly and lie on the ground. It is possible to plant indoor geraniums on the site already with the onset of stable heat, even if it is not too warm, the main thing is that there are no frosts anymore. Caring for the now garden geranium is no different from caring for it at home. The same watering, top dressing, add perhaps the fight against weeds. In the fall, when it gets cool, you can dig it up and move it into the house. I know many amateur gardeners who grow geraniums as a kind of annual. In the spring, when the plant is still in the house, they take a stalk from it, grow a young plant from it and plant it on the site, like an adult. Over the summer, young geraniums grow, strengthen, and it is she who becomes room geraniums in the fall. As a result, every year you can have a young beautiful plant both in the house and on the site.
There are no absolutely problem-free plants. And geranium is no exception. Despite the ease of caring for her and good endurance, no, no, and there will be trouble.
A novice florist is most often seized by horror and panic when the geranium leaves suddenly begin to turn yellow, and even crumble. And there is no reason to panic at all. In the vast majority of cases, this is a normal phenomenon, the most common age-related death. The same thing happens when you move from a garden state to a room state. This is the most natural phenomenon and it is unlikely that it will be possible to avoid it. By the way, the same can happen after buying geraniums. The usual reaction to changing conditions is adaptation. At the same time, this behavior of the leaves is also a signal that it is time to replant geraniums.
If you suddenly flooded your room geranium, then the leaves will become lethargic, signs of rotting will appear. An urgent transplant is needed here.
The most common, or rather, a probable disease that may appear in geraniums, is rust. Its signs are quite easy to recognize by the "rusty" spots on the leaves. If you notice this attack on your geranium, then immediately remove the affected leaves, and treat the plant with a Bordeaux mixture or a similar preparation.
Caring for geraniums at home is not difficult at all. Like all houseplants, it needs lighting, watering, and replanting. Timely pruning and crown shaping will ensure lush bloom. Pelargonium is perfect for a novice gardener. How to care for geraniums is described in detail in the article below.
Domestic geranium comes from a region with a very warm climate. Long dry seasons and well-drained soil did not allow even heavy rains to dramatically increase soil moisture.
The question arises: how to water geraniums so as not to harm? For successful cultivation at home, varietal pelargoniums need to provide good drainage and moderate watering. The lump of soil in the pot should be completely dry before the next watering. Water for irrigation geraniums must first be filtered and allowed to settle. If geranium leaves turn yellow, this may be a sign of insufficient watering. It is not necessary to spray the plant, this can harm its velvety leaves.
Despite the fact that geranium is unpretentious, it still needs care. She does not need additional lighting, but on the northern windows the flower will stretch out, the flowering period will be shortened. In summer, the plant is recommended to be taken outside: a temperature of + 25 ... + 27 degrees is ideal.In winter, the plant does not lose its decorative effect, the leaves do not fall off. The optimum temperature for winter maintenance ranges from 15 to 18 degrees.
Care for geraniums in winter is insignificant. A window is perfect for her content. By controlling temperature fluctuations, you can achieve abundant flowering. Watering is reduced, it is enough to water once every ten days. The plant does not need fertilizing with mineral fertilizers during this period. Only very fast-growing zonal varieties are pinched in winter. Most species do not develop green mass when dormant.
In stores for geraniums, ready-made soil is sold, or you can choose a universal one for flowering plants. To compose your soil, it is necessary to mix in equal parts humus, turf soil, sand and a little peat. The ability of peat to accumulate moisture can lead to waterlogging and death of the flower.
Most often, novice growers are wondering how to feed geraniums. The flower can grow in one pot for several years. During this time, the soil is depleted, washed out and loses its nutritional value, leaving only the function of retaining the roots. For abundant flowering, you need to feed the geranium with something.
Like all decorative flowering plants, pelargonium is responsive to the phosphorus content of the fertilizer during the budding and flowering period. In early spring, before flowering, the flowers can be fed with nitrogen fertilizer. Organic fertilizers will have a positive effect throughout the summer.
Please note that the more often you water, the more often you will have to feed the flower. You can also feed it with improvised substances. For example, sugar is one proven effective food supplement. A tablespoon of sugar is diluted in a liter of water and the plant is watered no more than once a month. Yeast can be added to the water with sugar and left to react for an hour, then pour this composition over the flowers. It is impossible to store such a liquid, as well as to use it dry. Sleep tea or coffee can be added to the soil for looseness, but it must be borne in mind that this increases the acidity of the soil.
Most often, zonal geraniums are grown on windowsills. Home furnishings are best suited for this particular species. These bushes about half a meter in height bloom with red or white flowers, collected in inflorescences. The leaves are distinguished by the presence of dark concentric circles.
You can find out more in the section of the site "Houseplants".