All varieties of cherries differ among themselves in various ways, whether it is the ripening time, the size of the fruit or the region of growth. The most frost-resistant cherries are those grown in the northern regions. (Ob, Ashinskaya, Blizzard), but the most productive and sweetest varieties grow in the south of the country (Lyubskaya, Shpanka, Garland). Cherries, early ripening the most stable, but their taste is much more sour (Shokoladnitsa, Molodezhnaya), medium ripening varieties are the golden mean (Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Turgenevka). Another sign is the presence of flowers of both sexes, that is, self-fertility (Apkhutinskaya, Pamyat Yenikiev). To choose the most suitable cherry variety, you need to know all their characteristics.
Self-fertile varieties include cherries that no additional pollination required, and they independently set both male and female flowers.
A medium-sized tree on which large and tasty heart-shaped fruits grow. The Apukhtinskaya variety begins to bear fruit already in the second year after planting, refers to late ripening, the ripening of the crop falls in mid-August. The tree has good resistance to frost and drought, but it is also susceptible to fungal diseases.
The tree grows up to 3 meters in height, the crown is of medium density, spherical in shape. Fruit weight reaches 5 gramsso they can be considered large. The shape of the berries is oval, the color is dark red. Cherry pulp Yenikiev's memory is very tasty and juicy. The variety is distinguished by the presence of a large bone... The tree begins to bear fruit already at 3-4 years of age, the period of full ripening of the crop falls at the end of June. Up to 15 kilograms of fruit can be harvested from one cherry.... It has medium resistance to frost and drought.
Also, self-fertile varieties of cherries include Garland, Brunette, Cinderella, Shokoladnitsa, ErdiBetermo, Ksenia, Nochka, Vstrecha, etc.
Cherry varieties that ripen between early June and mid-July are called early cherry varieties.... Their berries are less sweet, and the trees have good frost resistance.
This cherry tree is of medium height, with a crown shape reminiscent of an inverted cone. The berries are distinguished by their sour taste and maroon color. The pulp is a deep red shade, dense, with an easily detachable bone... The Shokoladnitsa variety tolerates frost and drought well, is resistant to many diseases, and is self-fertile. Brings a stable harvest.
This variety is a cherry-cherry hybrid. A tall tree with freely growing branches resembles a ball in its shape. In addition, the attachment of branches to the tree is rather weak, so when the crop appears, there is a risk that they will begin to break. The taste of berries is sweet and sour, on average, their weight is 4 grams... Fruit color is dark red, rounded-flattened shape. The first crop of Shpanka brings in 6-7 years of life, but at the age of 20 you can get up to 60 kilograms of cherries from a tree. Fruiting occurs from late June to early July... The variety is highly resistant to frost and drought and needs pollinators.
Shrub cherry, with a low, slightly drooping crown. The fruits of the Molodezhnaya variety are large in size, their weight can reach 4.8 grams, the skin and pulp have the same maroon color. The stone separates well, and a slight sourness is felt in the taste of the cherries themselves, such berries are perfect for preservation and freezing. The first crop appears on a 5-year-old tree, fruiting mainly occurs on last year's wood... Molodezhnaya is a frost-resistant variety. Has an average disease resistance.
Arboreal cherry with medium vigor. The crown of the tree needs constant shaping, with a free form of growth, it looks like a cone, and the fruits will accumulate at the very top. The taste of berries is dessert, sweet, in all their external characteristics they resemble cherries, can reach a weight of 9.5 grams. The variety is self-fertile and needs pollinators. The tree begins to bear fruit as early as 3 years of age, while bringing a large, stable harvest. You can harvest the fruits in early June. Miracle cherry is resistant to frost and most diseases.
The tree is of medium height and spherical in shape. It bears beautiful dark red fruits with a pleasant sweet and sour taste, the stone is easily separated from the pulp. The shape of the berries is round, evenly flattened, the weight reaches 5 grams... Variety Malyshka Differs in good transportability, immunity to fungal diseases and frost resistance. Productivity is inferior to other varieties, from one tree you can get 17 kilograms of cherries. Their full maturity falls at the end of June.
There are also other early ripening varieties of cherries. For example, Memory, Bulatnikovskaya, Enikeeva, Bagryanka, Sania, Vasilievskaya.
Middle-early cherries are called cherries that ripen in the middle of summer, they have the best taste.
Vladimirskaya - one of the oldest varieties grown in the central regions of Russia. Bushy tree, grayish bark... The branches grow downward, so the shape of the crown is called weeping. 5-7 flowers of delicate white color are collected on one inflorescence. Leaves of a matte green shade, elongated, gradually sharpening towards the base and apex, the edge is double-serrate. Fruits are sweet and sour, slightly fibrous, well suited for all forms of processing. The color of the skin is dark red, almost black, the weight of the berries does not exceed 3.7 grams, the shape is round-flattened. The first fruiting occurs in the 3rd year of life., cherry ripening occurs at the end of July. This variety tolerates winter cold well, but spring frosts can completely destroy the inflorescences, and, accordingly, the entire crop. It grows best in central Russia, with good care it can bear 25 kilograms of fruit. In the northern regions, the yield drops sharply to 6-7 kilograms.... Vladimirskaya needs pollinators and additional protection from diseases and pests. If the berries are not picked in time, they will begin to crumble very quickly.
Cherry grows up to 2.5 meters, the crown of the tree is spreading, but rare. Leaves are narrow, oval, dark green in color. Forms inflorescences of 3-4 flowers, medium-sized with rounded petals. Fruiting occurs on last year's annual wood... Most often, the berries are located singly, sometimes in two. Cherry varieties Zhukovskaya medium size, up to 4 grams, dark red, heart-shaped. The pulp is tender, juicy, with a dessert taste. Disease resistance is average.
The tree grows to medium size, the flowers are large, white. The berries themselves are evenly rounded, the skin is bright red, the flesh is orange. They have a sweet and sour taste, the stone is easily separated... Good immunity to various diseases, normal frost resistance. The Kharitonovskaya variety needs additional pollination.
A cherry tree of this variety grows up to 3 meters, forms inflorescences of 4 white flowers. Fruiting occurs on bouquet twigs. Berries are broadly heart-shaped, large in size, weighing up to 6.5 grams... The skin color is dark red, the pulp is juicy, sour-sweet, the taste is normal. The first harvest ripens at 5-6 years of age, full ripening of fruits occurs in early July. Turgenevka tolerates winter frosts well, but may die when spring frosts appear... Possesses high resistance to diseases, requires pollinators. The variety produces a good, stable yield.
The tree grows medium in size, the crown is wide, spreading. Fruiting occurs on bouquet twigs, the berries are round in shape with a fossa at the stalk, the weight can reach 5.5 grams. The skin is maroon in color, the pulp is juicy, dessert taste with an easily detachable bone... Such berries are suitable both for fresh consumption and for processing, they are well transported. The tree begins to bear fruit at the age of 3 years; the fruit of the Morozovka variety ripens at the end of July. The yield is stable, up to 500 kilograms per hundred square meters... The variety is resistant to frost, drought and disease. Needs pollinators.
Also, the average ripening period is possessed by the varieties Radonezh, Vstrecha, Toy, Nochka.
Late varieties are the last to ripen, in late summer and early autumn..
The variety is intended for cultivation in central and southern Russia, very picky about soil fertility and quality of care. Produces a large crop with blood-red, transportable fruits with a mediocre taste... These berries are ideal for processing. The tree is self-fertile, but with additional pollination it gives higher yields. A young tree bears up to 26 kilograms of fruit, and an adult up to 60. Lyubskaya does not have frost resistance, it is often exposed to various diseases.
Bushy cherry with upturned shoots. The weight of one cherry is about 4 grams, its shape is round, the color is bright red. Pulp with good taste, the stone is easily separated. The presentation of the berries is at the highest level, they are resistant to cracking. Variety Generous gives an annual, bountiful harvest, ripens in autumn... The tree gives its first cherries already in 3-4 years. Generous is distinguished by high frost resistance, it can easily endure even spring frosts, the variety also does not lend itself to attacks by pests, and it tolerates drought well. Susceptible to diseases, especially fungal diseases.
A tree of medium growth with a spherical crown. Leaves with a wide plate, glossy, green, crenate edge. The cherries are small, on average, the weight of one berry is 3-3.5 grams, the shape is round... The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant, the pulp is dense. The variety gives an annual, bountiful harvest that ripens in early August. The robin needs additional pollinators and protection from disease. Frost resistance - medium.
Other varieties of late-ripening cherries are Zhuravka, Polevka, Rubinovaya, Lotovaya, Rusinka, Gorkovskaya.
Cherry varieties with large dessert berries are not inferior to sweet cherries in their taste. But compared to other varieties, they are whimsical to climatic conditions and quality of care.
A low-growing tree with very tasty berries with a dark skin of almost black color. The pulp is juicy, tender, with an easily detachable bone. The fruits ripen Consumer goods Black in early June, the yield of the variety is moderate... Has a weak resistance to frost. The tree needs additional pollination.
A medium-sized tree is capable of producing an annual harvest. The berries are sweet, juicy with firm pulp and easily removable pits. Ripens in mid-July. The variety does not tolerate frost well, in the rainy season there is a risk of rot... Volochaevka forms both female and male flowers, self-fertile.
A small tree, the weight of the fruits of which exceeds the mark of 10 grams. The berries are bright red, with a tender and juicy pulp... The harvest of the Vetska variety is stable and annual, ripening falls on the 20th of June. The variety tolerates frost and drought well, and is resistant to fungal diseases.
Also, varieties with large fruits include Molodezhnaya, Dessert Morozova, Pamyat Yenikeev, Podbelskaya, Minx, Toy, etc.
Trees of such varieties grow no higher than 2.5 meters.... They are very convenient for breeding and harvesting, therefore they are very popular among gardeners.
A bushy cherry with a wide crown, its maximum growth is 2 meters. The skin of the berries is dark, almost black in color, the pulp is blood red.... Fruit weight is 4-5 grams, taste is good. Cherries ripen in mid-summer and are well transported. The Anthracite variety is resistant to frost, drought and fungus.
The small tree forms a spherical crown. Burgundy berries, with the same color pulp, their weight ranges from 3.5-4.2 grams, well transported. The taste is sweet and sour. The harvest period is early July... The resistance of the Bystrinka variety to frost is average. There is a risk of damage from moniliosis.
The tree rarely exceeds 2 meters in height, the crown is oval. Average, one berry weighs 4 grams, skin color is maroon... Most often, the fruits of the Mtsenskaya variety are processed. The trees are characterized by good resistance to frost, drought and most diseases. They also have an attractive appearance, which is why they are often used in landscape design.
There are many undersized varieties of cherries, these include Lyubskaya, Molodezhnaya, Memory Mashkin, Shokoladnitsa, Vladimirskaya, Tamaris and Saratov baby.
Such varieties are distinguished by excellent taste, low or medium frost resistance. Their cultivation is possible only in warm climatic conditions.
On average, the tree grows up to 3-4 meters, the foliage is average. Fruiting occurs on annual shoots. The fruits are large, juicy, red. They are distinguished by excellent taste. The Sasha variety is frost-resistant, rarely exposed to diseases.... The first fruiting occurs in the 5th year of life, early ripening.
The growth of the tree is 3 meters, a large amount of foliage is formed on the branches. The Garland variety is distinguished by the presence of inflorescences, of which 5 fruits appear. The berries are very large, juicy and tasty, the skin color is slightly darker than the flesh. The first crop can be harvested in mid-June as early as the 3rd year of life... The tree does not need additional pollination.
Also, for the southern regions, varieties such as Lyubskaya, Shpanka, Shokoladnitsa are suitable.
It is considered the best variety for the northern regions. A low-growing shrub, whose growth does not exceed 1.5 meters, can tolerate frosts down to -55 degrees... Also drought tolerant. Berries are dark in color, with dense pulp, slightly astringent, sweet and sour taste. The bone is small, easy to remove. Flowering occurs from the beginning of April, the shrub gives its first harvest at 4 years of age.
A short shrub that is only 130 centimeters tall. Fruiting occurs on annual growths. Berries are small, dark red in color, with a good taste and a small, well-separated seed... Fruits ripen in mid-July. The Ob is capable of withstanding severe frosts and drought, but is highly susceptible to pest attacks. The variety is self-fertile and does not need pollination.
A low-growing bush, no more than 150 centimeters high. The berries are round in shape and medium in size, distinguished by excellent taste and juiciness... Fruit ripening occurs in mid-July. The yield of the variety is very different from the trees growing in the southern regions, and is only 5 kilograms. The Altai swallow tolerates frost and drought well, and is immune to many diseases. It is also a pollinator for many cherry varieties.
For the northern regions, the Novoaltaiskaya and Metelitsa varieties may be suitable.
Such varieties of cherries adapt well to the changeable climate of Siberia and the Urals, besides, they are distinguished by good yield and taste.
A shrub, whose growth is 1.5 meters, the crown is wide, the branches are weeping, growing downward. The leaves are wide, shiny, dark green in color, their shape resembles a boat. Fruits weigh only 3-4 grams, round in shape, dark red, juicy, sweet and sour taste... Ripen in mid-August. The variety is self-fertile, but it has a stable and good yield; an adult tree bears up to 10 kilograms of berries.
Lighthouse - a bush 2 meters high with a wide spreading crown and leaves folded into a boat. The Siberian variety is self-fertile, but when planted next to such varieties as Vole and Schedra, it gives the most abundant yields. Fruits gain weight up to 6 grams, dark red, sour-sweet taste. The crop can be harvested in early August, on average, one bush gives from 5 to 15 kilograms of fruit.
Also for these territories, the varieties Standard Ural, Schedra, Sverdlovchanka, Zagrebinskaya and Gridnevskaya are suitable.
The varieties that are best suited for the Moscow region must have good resistance to frost, and be unpretentious to the composition of the soil, a description of which can be found below.
From the category of early varieties of the Moscow region the varieties Molodezhnaya and Chudo cherry are best suited.
Among the mid-season varieties, one can distinguish Turgenevka, Excellent Venyaminova and Griot Moskovsky.
A tree with a spherical crown and matte leaves. The berries reach 3.5 grams in their weight, the taste characteristics are at the highest level, the fruits are suitable for various types of processing... Such a variety ripens in mid-July, the yield is above average, from a hundred square meters you can get up to a ton of cherries. Resistance to winter cold and return frost is excellent. Undergoes coccomycosis and monial burn.
Among the varieties of late ripening Zhukovskaya has recommended herself in the best way.
The undersized (dwarf) cherry varieties for the Moscow region include Molodezhnaya, Mayak, Tamaris, Bystrinka, Memory Mashkin and Malyshka.
The crown of the tree is small, rounded. Fruits are dark red in color with sparse brown spots. The pulp of the berries is juicy, the taste is sour. Cherries can be used both for fresh consumption and for various processing, the transportability of the fruits is average. You can harvest the crop in early August. The variety has good frost and drought resistance.
The crown of the tree is spreading, drooping, spherical in shape. The fruits are large in size, grow up to 5 grams, with their own dessert taste, they often become a decoration of any garden. Maturation occurs in mid-July... Resistance to frost and sore immunity is average.
The most popular self-fertile varieties for the Moscow region are Apukhtinskaya, Lyubskaya, Zagorievskaya, Volochaevka, Shokoladnitsa, Vstrecha, Garland and Cinderella.
Medium-sized tree, forming fruits weighing 4 grams, rounded oval and light red in color, sweet and sour taste. The harvest ripens in mid-July, from one tree you can get up to 15 kilograms of berries... The frost resistance of the tree itself and of the flower buds is excellent. The variety does not require additional protection against fungal diseases.
Breeders have bred a huge number of cherry varieties, which makes it possible to grow this crop in all corners of Russia. For the most part, all trees have good to medium frost resistance and bear sweet and sour fruits.... Each gardener can choose and plant the cherry that will decorate his particular plot.
The variety of plants in personal plots today is amazing. Gardeners sometimes grow quite exotic types of crops and have the latest designs and the latest gardening hits. The reason for this diversity is in the widest choice of the market, in the opportunity to receive rare seeds and plant seedlings through the Internet portals.
Until recently, felt cherry was not known to most summer residents, but today it is grown in every fifth garden. Let's take a closer look at this amazing, and already far from rare, garden plant. We will learn how to care for a plant in order to get a good harvest every year, what varieties of felt cherries should be grown in different regions of Russia.
The process of growing a crop directly depends on the variety. When buying a plant, it is recommended to focus on the following features:
Experienced gardeners are advised to choose self-fertile varieties. Such crops do not need pollinators. At the same time, plants that are distinguished by an early flowering period are suitable for growing in harsh climates. This allows you to get a harvest in a short summer. In addition, early ripening varieties should be planted.
The variety grows into a tree 2 to 2.5 meters high and has a raised crown with a pyramidal shape. The variety is distinguished by a large and plentiful harvest, beautiful dark, like chocolate color of berries, as well as their excellent taste. Each berry weighs up to 3.5 grams, and the pulp itself is dark red and tastes sweet.
- Original, almost black color
- Pleasant taste
- High yield
- Drought tolerant
- Good winter hardiness.
- Small berries
- Prone to disease.
Depending on the type of soil on the site and the atmospheric conditions, you must select the appropriate type of tree. All varieties of self-fertile cherries are divided into the following
Large berries are easier to collect and process, so this indicator should be taken into account when choosing the type of trees. Large-fruited cherries include the following:
The main criterion for choosing self-fertile seedlings is the yield value. The cultivation of fruitful varieties will satisfy the needs for the consumption and preparation of stocks of berries. The following types of cherries are considered the highest-yielding:
The spread of undersized cherries is due to simple tree care. Low plants are easier to water, fertilize, shape to create a neat crown. The plantations do not take up much space in the summer cottage and bear fruit stably.
The height of low trees does not exceed 2.5 m. Most of the plantings have an oval crown and are highly resistant to drought. Dwarf plants have received significant demand in landscape design.
In northern areas with a changeable climate and lingering cold weather, frost-resistant trees should be grown. Among the most winter-hardy varieties, the following can be distinguished:
Among this variety, every gardener will be able to choose a variety suitable for his conditions.
All varieties are classified according to different characteristics:
Bush cherries look like shrubs or small trees that range from 2 to 3 meters in height. It is worth remembering that these varieties form berries on the young shoots of the last year. Bushy varieties include: Lyubskaya, Fertile Michurina, Bagryanaya, Pamyat Gurtieva, Generous, Ideal and Molodezhnaya.
Treelike cherries are trees with a clearly visible stem from 2.5 to 6 meters in height. Interestingly, these varieties have a longer life span than bushy ones (read also about the Kharitonovskaya cherry variety). Berries on tree-like varieties are concentrated on short (bouquet) branches 3 to 5 cm long, which are located on perennial branches and on young shoots of the last year. This group includes: Orlovskaya early, Rastunya, Consumer goods Black, Zhukovskaya, Flask Pink.
On intermediate cherries, the fruits are also placed on the bouquet branches and the year-old growth of branches from the previous year. These are the following varieties: Muse, Bystrinka.
Early cherry varieties ripen at the end of June and in the first two weeks of July, the middle ones - in the last two weeks of July. And on late varieties of cherries, the berries gain their full flavor in late July and until mid-August. In the description of varieties, they always indicate how long a particular variety is ripening.
Early varieties can be called Krasnodar Sweet, Minx, Kent, Pink Flask. The varieties of medium ripening time include the Beauty of Tataria, Vladimirskaya, Fakel, Lada, Ryazanochka. The varieties that ripen at a later date include: Tamaris, Lyubskaya, Eruditka, Toy.
Cherries require cross-pollination to establish a good harvest. This means that next to the cherry tree, it is imperative to plant a pollinator tree, from which the insects will transfer the pollen to the flower pistils.
Self-fertile varieties of cherries can pollinate themselves, since the anthers with pollen are flush with the top of the pistils (stigmas). And the pollen of such varieties retains the possibility of germination for almost two weeks, and this property increases the amount of harvest. On self-fertile varieties, 20 to 40 percent of all flowers can be tied. Self-fertile varieties include: Anadolskaya, Zhelannaya, Lada, Lotovaya, Kizilovaya, Sudarushka, Nord Star, Raspletka, Shokoladnitsa.
Professional gardeners know that the best varieties of cherries are quite capricious, so to get a rich harvest, you should study the biological properties of the plant and provide it with proper care.
Cherry Shokoladnitsa is the result of the work of breeders, obtained in 1996 by crossing the varieties Lyubskaya and Consumer goods black. The species owes its name to the rich maroon color of the fruit.
A tree up to two and a half meters high has a medium-dense crown of a reverse pyramidal shape with a pointed tip, the branches are raised above the ground. Belong to bushy varieties.
The bark is brown, erect shoots with a grayish bloom. The foliage is flat, oval, dark green in color without shine. The chocolate girl has a simple umbrella-shaped inflorescence, consisting of three snow-white flowers.
The flowering period falls in the first half of May.
Cherry Shokoladnitsa bears fruit abundantly. The berries are medium in size, similar to cherries. They have a dark burgundy, almost chocolate color. They are characterized by a harmonious taste - very sweet with sourness. The pulp is dense, easily separated from the small yellow stone. The juice is crimson with a ruby hue. Berries contain over 12 percent sugar. The ripening period falls on the second decade of July.
Cherry bears fruit already 3-4 years after planting. Berries most often appear on last year's branches. The lifespan of such trees is 15-20 years.
This type has earned particular popularity due to a number of positive features:
It is important to remember that this cherry variety is susceptible to fungal diseases.
Cherry Shokoladnitsa variety description
When choosing a place in the garden for planting cherries, stay on a well-lit area in the southern part. If it is shaded by other trees, it will negatively affect the yield.
Shokoladnitsa prefers light sandy loam soil with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. Do not plant in places with high groundwater levels and in lowlands, as excess moisture will lead to decay of the root system and the death of the plant.
Regular grooming is a prerequisite for growing a beautiful and healthy cherry tree with a rich harvest.
Cherry pruning begins at a young age and is carried out every year, since these trees are characterized by rapid growth, which leads to a thickening of the crown. You need to prune in early spring before the buds swell, so that the tree has time to recuperate before the period of active growth.
Up to 10 branches are left at the planted seedling, the rest should be removed without leaving hemp. The cut sites are treated with garden varnish. To form a beautiful crown, make sure that the branches left are evenly spaced on all sides of the tree. In the future, old diseased branches, as well as those growing inside the crown, will be subject to pruning.
The Chocolate Cherry needs abundant watering during flowering, active growth, at the stage of fruit ripening and at the end of the season, so that it is easier to endure the winter. Watering is carried out in this way: 5-6 buckets of water are poured into the trunk circles or annular grooves at a time. Thanks to this, a 50-centimeter layer of earth is saturated with moisture.
For the first 2-3 years after planting, cherries do not need fertilization. Subsequently, organic fertilizers are applied every 3-4 years. Adult trees over 7 years old need mineral fertilizers, which need to be fed annually.
Since Shokoladnitsa cherry is susceptible to fungal diseases (coccomycosis and moniliosis), the tree should be regularly examined for the presence of infected leaves and branches.If found, the damaged parts are removed, and the tree is treated with antibacterial drugs such as Skor.
Cherry Shokoladnitsa reviews of gardeners
Since Shokoladnitsa is not demanding in care and is perfectly adapted to unfavorable climatic conditions, she quickly gained popularity among professional and amateur gardeners. It is worth noting the positive feedback from summer residents, whose plots are located in arid regions.
Cherry Shokoladnitsa is a wonderful example of modern selection. This small bush-like tree that produces a good harvest can be a worthy decoration for your garden. Proper care and maintenance will provide you with tasty and healthy berries.