Garden strawberry Irma: characteristics and features of cultivation


As a result of centuries-old selection, many varieties of garden strawberries were obtained, including long-term fruiting (remontant). From such a variety, it is not easy to choose the strawberries that are most suitable for the garden. The characteristics of the varieties are largely similar, but each has its own advantages. One of the favorites of recent years, gardeners call the Irma variety, which combines high productivity and excellent taste.

Irma strawberry cultivation history

The Irma variety is relatively young. It was bred at the end of the 20th century by Italian breeders, and began to be sold in European countries in 2003. In Russia, Irma has been known for a little over 10 years.

Irma, a remontant strawberry variety, yields several times per season.

The variety was bred in Verona and adapted for cultivation in the highlands of Italy, where a mild and humid climate prevails. Consequently, the berry shows its best qualities with timely watering and sufficient heat.

Garden strawberries, which are usually called simply strawberries, have nothing to do with the well-known forest berry. It appeared as a result of spontaneous crossing of two American species - Chilean and Virginian strawberries.

Video: Irma strawberry is a favorite among remontant varieties

Description and characteristics of the variety

Irma is a remontant variety that bears fruit, regardless of the length of daylight hours, 3-4 times per season. Belongs to the group of mid-early varieties - the first berries appear in mid-June. Fruiting continues until the end of summer, and sometimes in autumn. The variety is distinguished by the following features:

  • The bushes are medium-sized, erect, with well-developed roots. They give a little mustache.
  • The foliage is dark green, not very dense.
  • The berries are fleshy, large, shiny, bright red and teardrop-shaped with a pointed tip. Fruit weight - 30–35 g (can reach 50 g).
  • The taste of berries is dessert, sweet. In the middle of summer, the tasting qualities of the fruit are improved compared to the early ones. Irma's flesh is juicy and sugary.
  • The fruits contain a lot of vitamin C, useful trace elements and antioxidants.
  • Berries are suitable both for fresh consumption and for conservation and drying.

Irma's large strawberries have excellent taste and good transportability.

This variety has a number of advantages, such as:

  • high productivity;
  • good keeping quality of berries;
  • frost resistance;
  • drought resistance;
  • immunity to strawberry mites;
  • resistance to root rot.

Many gardeners note that cracks may appear on the Irma berries in rainy weather. This degrades the appearance of the strawberry, but does not affect its taste.

Video: Irma strawberry flowering

Features of planting and growing

Like many other varieties of garden strawberries, Irma can be propagated in many ways. Most often used:

  • seedling method;
  • vegetative reproduction (rooting of the mustache).

Growing seedlings

Seedling strawberries are grown from seeds from February to May. They do it as follows:

  1. The soil mixture is poured into suitable containers (50% sod land, 25% peat, 25% sand).
  2. Seeds are sown in containers and kept under a film until germination.

    Seed containers are kept closed until shoots appear

  3. The seedlings are watered moderately, the temperature is maintained at + 18–20 ° С.
  4. After the appearance of 2 true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate cups.

    Strawberry seedlings dive into separate cups after 2 true leaves appear

  5. Plants are planted in the ground when 5 or more leaves appear.

    Strawberry seedlings can be planted outdoors when they have 5 leaves

Mustache reproduction

If you want to propagate Irma with a mustache, then choose specimens for this purpose that have the best qualities. The breeding process is as follows:

  1. All peduncles are cut off on the mother bushes.
  2. For reproduction, 2 strongest sockets are chosen from each mustache. They are rooted in separate cups without separating them from the mother bush.
  3. Plants are periodically watered, making sure that the soil does not dry out.
  4. When the bushes form a strong root system, they are planted in a permanent place.

    Strawberry bushes separated from the mother plant are already ready for planting

Planting strawberries

Irma can be planted in any climatic zone. For a strawberry bed, it is better to choose sunny places, since the berries are very shallow in the shade. The most favorable predecessors in the area chosen for strawberries are:

  • salad;
  • parsley;
  • celery;
  • sorrel;
  • peas;
  • beans;
  • bush beans;
  • radish;
  • garlic;
  • onion.

They coexist well with strawberries:

  • grapes;
  • sea ​​buckthorn;
  • apple trees;
  • bearded iris;
  • Turkish carnation;
  • marigold;
  • nasturtium.

Strawberries are planted as follows:

  1. The soil is pre-loosened and cleaned from the remnants of the roots of previous plants.
  2. They make beds about 1 meter wide.
  3. The distance between Irma's seedlings should be approximately 0.5 m.

    Strawberry wells are made at a distance of 0.5 m from one another

  4. The holes are made 25 by 25 cm in size, also 25 cm deep.
  5. It is advisable to add top dressing to each hole (mix a bucket of earth and compost, 2 glasses of ash and 2 liters of vermicompost).
  6. Seedlings are planted in the hole, placing the roots vertically. The apical bud of the seedling should remain slightly above ground level.

    When planting strawberries, the apical bud should not be too deep or left too high.

  7. After planting, the plants are watered and covered with mulch (sawdust, pine needles, grass). This layer should be thin.
  8. Until the plants get stronger, all peduncles are removed.

With a sparse isolated planting, the strawberry yield will be higher.

Video: autumn planting of strawberries

Plant care

To get a good harvest of strawberries, you need to constantly take care of planting. The following actions will help keep plants healthy:

  • regular watering;
  • loosening the soil between the rows of bushes until fruiting begins (it is advisable to do this three times);
  • timely weeding;
  • removal of diseased, old, reddened leaves;

    First of all, old and diseased leaves are cut off on strawberries.

  • top dressing with ash (you can also sprinkle it on the leaves to protect against pests);
  • removal of whiskers so that all the strength of the plant is spent on fruiting, and not on reproduction;
  • in the pre-winter period - pruning mustache and diseased leaves, mulching (best with humus, peat);

    Straw is often used for mulching strawberry plantings.

  • renewal of strawberry plantings every 2-3 years.

In autumn, garden strawberries can be covered with a transparent film to protect them from frost and rot.

Video: caring for repair strawberries

Testimonials

Irma strawberries are a good choice for those who need garden berries that bear fruit all summer long. If you follow the rules of agricultural technology and take good care of it, then the result will not be long in coming. Irma's tasty large fruits will be able to please the gardener already in the first year of planting.

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