Delicate and tasty zucchini are grown by almost all owners of the coveted 6 acres. Numerous varieties, including hybrid ones, have become the result of this popularity. I would like to tell you especially about one of the novelties of the Dutch breeders. The variety is called Kavili. In a short time, he became a leader in cultivation, and not only in our country - super early, with simple agricultural technology and excellent taste. And also add high yields, and then it becomes clear why experienced gardeners choose this particular variety.
Kavili squash belongs to a group of plants that share one amazing property, namely parthenocarp. What does it mean? It is the ability of plants to set fruit without pollination. That is, in the process of fruit formation, pollen is not needed, since it does not play any role. This property is especially useful when grown in greenhouses or outdoors during rainy periods when bees and other pollinating insects do not fly.
Cavili is a hybrid variety and is marked with the special F1 label. He showed himself excellently in the greenhouse and in the open field. It grows in the form of a bush and has a compact size, which is very much appreciated by gardeners who have small areas for growing vegetables. And farmers with large farms also appreciated this feature.
The internodes are small. Leaves and petioles are covered with prickly pubescence.
The Cavili zucchini bush has a compact size
The fruits have a beautiful cylindrical shape, 16 - 22 cm long. The mass of a ripe zucchini is 320 g, but it can also gain 500 g. The color is traditional for many species - light green. The skin on young fruits is thin, on overripe ones - more dense. The pulp is white or slightly greenish. Very tender and juicy with excellent taste. Even overripe fruits taste good and have a delicate texture.
Kavili zucchini is a hybrid high-yielding variety
|Ultra-ripe||Nothing will grow from the collected seeds, seed material needs to be bought|
|The fruits have excellent commercial qualities.|
|Able to withstand common diseases such as powdery mildew|
Zucchini fruits are just a storehouse of nutrients. Vitamins of group B, A, C and E. Biotin and nicotinic acid. Minerals - magnesium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, zinc. Zucchini has only a positive effect on the human body:
Kavili zucchini can be grown both on site and in a greenhouse.
The following crops can be the predecessors of zucchini:
Cannot be planted after:
Failure to comply with crop rotation can lead to diseases and a decrease in yield.
The place should be level, well lit by the sun and protected from the wind. Try not to use flooded or waterlogged areas. In terms of texture, the soil should be light, with neutral acidity. Fertile loams and sandy loams with a pH of 6.5 - 7 are ideal. It will grow very poorly on heavy, dense, depleted and cold soils and will not show the expected yield.
The soil must be prepared in advance. This is best done in the fall. The place for zucchini is cleared of plant residues. Be sure to add organic matter and mineral fertilizers - compost or rotted manure from 6 to 8 kg, superphosphate and potassium salt in 50-60 g each. The minimum indicator is indicated for fertile soils, a large dose of fertilizers is applied to poor soils. The soil is dug to a depth of 30 cm. The incorporation of green manure into the ground shows a very good effect. In the spring, a week before sowing, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied for digging - ammonium nitrate, 50-60 g each. All doses are indicated per 1 m2.
To improve the structure, sand is added to clay soils, and peat is added to sandy soils, which will help to retain moisture.
For growing zucchini outdoors, use a sunny location, sheltered from the wind.
Growing zucchini in greenhouses has several advantages over growing outside.
The soil is prepared in the fall. For digging, fertilizers are applied: nitroamofosku, superphosphate, manure. The depth of embedding of nutrients is 8 cm. If mineral fertilizers were not applied in the fall, then nitroamofosk can be applied immediately before planting in the hole, having been well mixed with the ground. For one plant, 30 - 40 g is enough. But manure is introduced only in advance.
In the greenhouse, zucchini can be grown by seeds and seedlings. The second is much more profitable, as it shortens the ripening period of fruits by almost 2 weeks. Seeds and seedlings are planted in the same way as in open ground.
Soil temperature should be between 20 and 250C, air - 230Happy day and not less than 140With the night. Top dressing can be omitted if all nutrients have been added during soil preparation. This is due to the fact that the aboveground part of the zucchini grows very quickly in a greenhouse, and additional stimulation will spur the growth of leaves and shoots. This, in turn, will negatively affect the formation of the ovary. The existing fertilizers will be enough for early-growing zucchini.
A certain microclimate is created in the greenhouse, which allows you to get an early harvest of zucchini.
Recently, the so-called warm beds have become popular. Such structures are successfully used in regions with a cool climate and have many advantages:
The only negative is that you have to work hard building such a bed.
You can plant Kavili zucchini with seeds and seedlings.
In warm regions, zucchini begin to be planted in open ground in early May, when the air temperature reached 180C, and the soil at a depth of 10 cm warmed up to 120C. Planting seeds can last until early June, it all depends on the weather.
You don't need to plant a lot of bushes to get a good harvest. It is enough to have several plants on the site, the main thing is that they are healthy, strong and planted correctly. The landing pattern is as follows:
When planting seeds, you need to adhere to the scheme so that the plantings do not turn out to be thickened
If the planting is very thickened, the fruits will not set well and you can not count on a good harvest.
2 - 3 seeds are planted in one hole, embedding them in loose soil to a depth of 5 - 6 cm. When they sprout, you need to leave the strongest sprout.
The seeds are sold already processed, therefore, in order not to wash off the protective coating, they do not need to be soaked.
Although zucchini is considered a cold-resistant crop, return frosts can destroy seedlings. To avoid this trouble, you need to protect the plantings with a film cover or mulch with manure.
To avoid recurrent frosts, plantings are protected with a film cover.
The first shoots usually appear in a week. If the temperature outside has dropped, the process may be slightly delayed.
In cooler climates, seeds are planted in a greenhouse. They do this according to the same principle as described above. Only you do not need to cover the seeds planted in the soil, since the temperature in the greenhouse is maintained at a constant level and frosts are not terrible.
An early harvest can be obtained by cultivating zucchini from seedlings that are grown in greenhouses or on a windowsill. Seeds are sown in late April - early May. It is best to plant the seeds in separate plastic or peat pots to avoid damaging the root system when transplanted into open ground.
Seeds are close up shallow, with a sharp tip down
After the appearance of the first shoots, the zucchini are transferred to a lighter place.
20 day old seedlings can be planted in open ground under cover
Before planting, the soil on the site is watered abundantly, and after planting, the seedlings are covered with a film cover. To do this, a dense transparent film is pulled over the wire arcs. It is necessary to prepare a young plant for new conditions gradually, on sunny days, briefly lifting the film.
In order for the zucchini to develop and bear fruit correctly, it is necessary to follow a number of simple rules.
The soil under the zucchini bush should be moderately moist. If dampness is diluted, the possibility of developing fungal diseases is likely. Before the beginning of fruiting, watering should be carried out once a week. Water consumption rate - 10 - 12 liters per 1 m2... With the onset of fruiting, the frequency of watering and the amount of water increase. Every 2 - 3 days for 1 m2 you need to spend up to 15 liters of water so that the soil is moistened to a depth of 20 cm.
Before watering, take a bucket of water and put it in the sun, since you cannot water the Cavili zucchini with cold water.
It is necessary to pour water only at the root to avoid rotting of the young ovary. Watering is best done in the evening, when solar activity is declining. To prevent ripening zucchini from beginning to rot, you can put pieces of film or slate under them.
The grown seedlings are watered only with warm water (250FROM). Watering is done in moderation, as the topsoil dries up in a glass or pot.
It is better to water the plants in the evening, when solar activity has subsided.
The first loosening should be done after seed germination or 2 - 3 days after planting seedlings in the ground. Later, on the 2nd day after watering or rain, light loosening is carried out in order to destroy the formed crust. In the row spacing, the soil is loosened to a depth of 14 cm, under the bush - by 5 cm, so as not to damage the superficially tender roots located.
In addition, the ground under the bush needs to be mulched to maintain moisture levels. To do this, you can use crushed hay, peat chips or sawdust.
Mulching zucchini beds prevents rapid evaporation of moisture
During the season, zucchini need to be fed 3 times:
Since minerals were introduced during soil cultivation, you can feed the zucchini with organic matter. To prepare a green fertilizer, fill a barrel with cut grass or weeds, add water and, stirring daily, let it brew for a week. Then strain and dilute 1/8 with water. This feeding can be alternated with slurry, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1/10. For each plant, use up to 1 liter of solution.
Top dressing is applied only after watering and at the root. Make sure that the solution does not get on the leaves.
It is very easy to prepare green fertilizer yourself.
If the Kavili zucchini is grown using the correct agricultural techniques, it is not afraid of pests and diseases. But with thickened plantings, waterlogged soil and non-observance of crop rotation, problems may arise.
|Diseases and pests||Symptoms||Control measures||Prophylaxis|
|Peronosporiosis||The surface of the leaf is covered with round or angular spots of white color, which gradually increase and turn brown. On the underside, a grayish-olive bloom appears. Gradually, the leaf crumbles and only cuttings remain.|
|Anthracnose||The disease affects all aerial parts of the plant. On fruits, depressed spots of a pale pink color appear. The leaves are covered with yellow-brown growing spots, as a result of which the leaf plate rolls up and dies off.||Spray zucchini with 1% Bordeaux liquid solution or 0.4% copper oxychloride suspension. Apply strictly according to the instructions.|
|Spider mite||The pest feeds on sap from plant cells. The appearance of a tick may be indicated by small white dots on the leaf, especially on the underside, and a light cobweb. In the case of a severe injury, the leaf turns white from multiple injuries.||Carry out the treatment with Iskra, Confidor or Fosbecid. In case of severe damage, use Karbofos. The preparations are supplied with instructions.|
|Melon aphid||The colony is located on the lower side of the leaf, as well as on the stems and the ovary. By sucking the juices, the pest leads to the twisting of the leaf and the fall of the ovary. If you do not take action, the bush can dry out.||Karbofos - 60 g per bucket. Spray with this solution during the growing season.|
Kavili is a fast-growing variety, from germination to harvest it takes 40 - 42 days. The yield is excellent - from 1 m2 up to 9 kg of fruit can be harvested. The harvest of the marrow starts in July. Fruiting lasts 2 months - from July to August. In regions with a warm climate and with good care, this period may increase.
Cavili zucchini harvest starts in July
Zucchini is plucked when they reach a size of no more than 22 cm. Although the overgrown fruit will not lose its taste. However, delaying harvesting significantly reduces the volume of fruiting, since the fruit that has not been removed in time draws on the strength of the plant.
You can store the fruits for up to 2 months in the cellar, laid out in 1 layer on a wooden flooring. In the apartment - wrapping each fruit in paper and putting it on the balcony, but away from the wall with heating devices. The main storage condition is the absence of light. Zucchini can stay in the refrigerator for up to a month. Do not forget that you need to cut the zucchini with a piece of the stalk, otherwise it will not be stored.
Kavili zucchini is good because it has a universal purpose. It is used in cooking for the preparation of seasonal dishes, suitable for preservation. The fruits can be dried or frozen.
Marinated zucchini is a great snack
Almost every housewife has her own recipe for preparing zucchini. The Cavili variety is ideal for preparing any of them. Due to its high yield, this variety will feed the zucchini to their fill in the season, and allow them to prepare blanks for the whole winter.
Hybrid zucchini varieties have been known for a long time; cavili is especially popular. Experts from all over the world are trying to develop the perfect variety. In this case, the Dutch breeders came closest to the dream. Cavili F1 is the leader among hybrid varieties. Zucchini are known to all summer residents; the cavili variety is gaining immense popularity. It appeared not so long ago, but has already become one of the favorites among gardeners. High yield, ease of care, delicate taste of the fruit, all this makes you pay attention to the variety.
An early ripening hybrid manages to give a harvest, even if the seeds are sown in early June in open ground. The optimal time for planting is when the morning frosts end. But if you use temporary shelters, then sowing can be started 2 weeks before the onset of the warm period. Not only acrylic and film are suitable as shelters, but also glass jars, disposable tableware made of transparent plastic (liter buckets, containers, cups, halves of bottles).
Zucchini shoots are covered from frost with halves of plastic bottles
Cavili seeds are marketed processed, they are covered with a layer of paint, dressing and growth stimulant. It is not necessary to soak and germinate, such seeds are sown dry.
Kavili seeds from the manufacturer are always colored
Choose a place for zucchini sunny and well-ventilated. Hills, compost heaps, and areas on the south side of fences and buildings work well. Best predecessors: legumes, onions, garlic, early cabbage. Cannot be planted after squash and late cabbage. Planting pattern: 70–100 cm in a row and 140 cm between rows. Dig up the soil, after adding 1-2 buckets of humus or compost and 0.5 liters of plant ash per 1 m². In the absence of organic matter, use a complex mineral fertilizer nitroammofosk (25 g per 1 m²).
A well-lit or semi-shaded area is considered favorable for planting an annual seedling. It is better to decorate the garden in spring or late autumn. The root system is sufficiently developed and allows a young tree to quickly take root in a new place, to avoid diseases that sometimes arise due to partial damage to the root system.
Advice. The maximum yield can be achieved with the correct planting of seedlings. At the stage of preparing the land, consider:
The dimensions of the prepared fossa depend on the volume of the roots of each seedling with a margin to add:
The trunk of a young tree is strengthened with a peg so that it can withstand strong winds. To protect the root system forming in a new place, to ensure good aeration of the soil, the ground around the apple tree should be covered with straw. An increase of 25-30 cm in height from the upper bud indicates that the seedling has successfully taken root.
Columnar apple trees are very compact
Most often, zucchini is grown by a non-seedling method with direct sowing into prepared soil. But many gardeners, especially in the northern regions, prefer growing crops by seedlings or cultivation in a greenhouse.
To grow spaghetti seedlings, it is necessary to apply the standard technology of pre-sowing seed treatment, temperature and water conditions at the time of seedling growth. Basic rules for growing Spaghetti seedlings:
The land for zucchini must be prepared in the fall. In this case, the predecessors of the vegetable can be nightshade crops, as well as onions, garlic or cabbage. For the autumn digging, manure is introduced - 1 bucket per 1 sq. m, as well as a 0.5 liter can of wood ash.
If the soil is dense and heavy, you need to add river sand and dig up the soil onto 1 bayonet of a shovel.
For sowing seeds, holes are made according to the scheme 70x70 or 70x100 with a depth of 3-6 cm. You can sow both dry seeds and germinated ones. When planting a germinated seed, you need to pour water into each hole, and after sowing, water the holes again and stretch a film or agrofibre on the garden bed.
Plant care is standard - systematic watering, feeding, weed control and disease control. But there are also features in the cultivation of Spaghetti - after the appearance of the 4-5th true leaf, you need to pinch the top of the plant, which will allow the lashes on which the fruits are formed to develop well.
An important point in agricultural technology is also hilling, which increases the power of the root system, prevents root leaching and promotes proper fruit growth. You need to spud the bushes 3 times during the entire growing season:
The first feeding is carried out when 2 true leaves appear: 1 liter of mullein or chicken droppings per 10 liters of water. You can also use mineral fertilizers - 30 g of carbamide and nitrophoska per 10 liters of water.
The next feeding is carried out before the flowering period and fruit setting. It is recommended to use mineral fertilizers - for 10 liters of water 20 g of ammonium sulfate, 20 g of potassium nitrate and 40 g of superphosphate.
Zucchini is watered once a week, 5-7 liters of water under one adult bush. During the growth period, the volume of water during irrigation is halved so that the fruits are not watery.
The first harvest of young white flesh squash can be removed 25-30 days after flowering. After 120-140 days from the moment of sowing the seeds, the fruits with a hard peel are cut with a long stalk and placed on racks in a dry basement. In such conditions, they can be stored for 6-9 months.
The Cavili f1 bush squash is considered one of the leaders among the earliest hybrids, which are widely grown for large-scale mass harvests.
An important advantage is the ability to form fruits independently, without pollination, which is extremely important for early cultivation in greenhouses.
Photos of bushes with an abundance of zucchini, reviews of vegetable growers confirm the popularity and demand for Kavili.
The Kavili f1 squash is a high-yielding and extremely early crop of the Pumpkin family. Fruit collection begins approximately 39-46 days after the emergence of seedlings.
The internodes are short, growing as a bush. Feels great outdoors, greenhouses.
The zucchini themselves are even, have a cylindrical shape, grow about 17-24 cm, light green in color, the flesh is tender, white, the average weight is 280-320 g.
The important properties include the preservation of taste characteristics even when the harvest is delayed. Cavili is capable of producing fruits without pollination (this phenomenon is called parthenocarp), which is especially useful for early greenhouse cultivation, during the hot, rainy season.
The fruiting period lasts approximately two months. The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew, easy care, the main thing is to choose a warm enough area for it. Growing zucchini is very popular among gardeners.
This is an irreplaceable dietary product containing a considerable amount of vitamins, microelements, due to its beneficial properties, it should be part of the daily diet of a balanced diet.
In addition, zucchini is often used for the preparation of winter preservation.
Seeds can be bought or left from a past harvest. It is not necessary to process the planting material, but it is recommended to soak for a couple of hours in warm water, keeping it in wet gauze for a day.
Attention! Make sure that the seeds swell, but do not have time to hatch.
The traditional ways to grow zucchini are:
A favorable time to start planting in pots is closer to the beginning of May, the end of April. Any containers with a diameter of about 10 cm, convenient in terms of volume, are suitable, then during transplantation there is less chance of injuring the delicate root system.
2-3 grains are placed in each pot with soil to a depth of 3-4 cm, and optimal moisture is monitored.
The air temperature where the containers are standing should not fall below 16-18 ° C, otherwise it will significantly slow down the germination process and affect the future harvest.
When young zucchini gets a little stronger, you need to remove the weakest and smallest specimens. Transplanting to a garden or greenhouse is performed in a month, a week earlier, the seedlings begin to harden, and during the day they are taken out into the street to get used to the temperature.
Cavili bears excellent fruit on loose loamy soils with neutral acidity. Preparation for planting should begin in the fall, it is necessary to dig up a section of the future garden well and repeat the same thing in the spring. Fertilizers are added in accordance with the type of soil, per 1 sq. m:
It is important to follow the rules of crop rotation in the garden in order to ensure a good harvest, to prevent possible disease damage. You should not plant zucchini after pumpkins, cucumbers, squash, which are prone to the same problems.
The bed under Kavili is laid out approximately according to the scheme 75 by 140 cm. Young plants are placed in the prepared holes to a sufficient depth so that the ground level reaches the first cotyledon leaves. For zucchini, sunlight is extremely important; in a shaded place, the yield of the crop sharply decreases, and the taste deteriorates.
The temperature at which correct development and fruiting is possible in the greenhouse and in the open field should not fall below 20-22 ° C. Even a slight cold snap can adversely affect the growth rate, therefore, if necessary, you need to cover the plants in time, otherwise recovery will take a lot of time.
Lack of heat and sunlight, irrigation with water below 20 ° C also affects the health of the crop. The optimal amount of water per 1 m2 of a garden bed is 9-10 liters.
Remember about periodic cleaning of weeds, loosening the soil near bushes, applying organic fertilizers:
You need to pick the fruits on time, although this does not affect the taste, does not make them tough. Excessive stress on the bushes slows down the formation and growth of the next batch of courgettes, which affects the total yield.
Due to its high fertility, ease of care, excellent taste and good presentation, the hybrid of courgettes Kavili f1 is grown in greenhouse conditions and in the open field for its own use and further sale.
Zucchini Cavili F1 is an early ripe hybrid of Dutch selection. Ripening occurs 40-45 days after germination. Pollination by bees is not required. By many criteria, this species stands out among many others. This article is devoted to its characteristics and cultivation features.
Cavili F1 is a bush hybrid with internodes. The leaves are dark green, large with white spots. The bushes are large, but compact, they do not take up much space. The root system is developed. The flowering type is predominantly female.
Cavili F1 - bush hybrid with internodes
Fruits are cylindrical, almost identical in shape, straight, not curved, with slight ribbing. The color of the peel is light green, without spots and stripes. The pulp is white, dense, juicy. The length of the zucchini is 16-22 cm, the weight is up to 500 g, the average weight is 300 g.
Zucchini Kavili F1 is considered by many gardeners to be the best among hybrids and varieties according to various criteria.
Cavili F1 zucchini is grown in the open field. In a greenhouse, they can only be planted with additional lighting. The site must be sunny. Lack of light and heat will lead to underdeveloped fruits and reduced yields.Good predecessors are potatoes, leeks, cabbage of any kind.
Growing zucchini Cavili F1 in the open field
Important! It is impossible to plant Cavili F1 after pumpkin and cucumbers.
The land should be light, then the harvest will be rich, although the plant will grow in a heavy one, it will just give a harvest in a small amount. To improve the quality of the soil, you can dilute it on the site with river sand and peat. With an overestimated acidity, dolomite flour or lime is introduced, since the hybrid will not grow on acidic soil.
In autumn, the land for the future planting of zucchini is processed with organic (compost, ash) and mineral (superphosphate) fertilizers. The amount of fertilizer that needs to be applied for digging depends on the quality and type of soil.
The best temperature for germination of seeds of marrow Kavili F1 is + 15 ... + 18 degrees. At lower temperatures, germination will slow down. Therefore, the Kavili F1 squash is planted in May if the seeds are sown.
Therefore, the Kavili F1 zucchini is planted in May if the seeds are sown
If seedlings are planted, then the best time will be the beginning of June, but it is also possible in May if the seedlings are already large and have grown enough. And they begin to make seedlings from April. To extend the period of fruiting of zucchini, it is worth planting them at intervals of 3 weeks.
Zucchini seeds are examined before planting - empty ones can be safely thrown away, they are of no use. Leave only plump, good, not damaged.
For the earliest germination, the seeds can be soaked for 1-3 days in a damp cotton cloth so that they germinate, and treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or thiram for diseases, but only if the seeds have not been processed in any way at the factory.
Separate holes are made for planting. The scheme is 60x60 cm. 2-3 seeds are placed in each hole to a depth of 5 cm so that the bushes are lush. If seedlings are planted, it is worth making sure that the sprouts are not very deep.
If the Cavili F1 zucchini grows in the shade, some of its leaves must be removed
This variety is unpretentious in care. Of the permanent procedures, abundant watering is required (9 l / sq. M), especially if the soil is sandy, weed removal, loosening, hilling. Of the rare procedures - feeding and treatment from pests.
Important! If the Kavili F1 zucchini grows in the shade, some of its leaves must be removed. This will open up light for the fruit.
Pest control can be preventive (folk remedies) and directed when there is already some kind of disease or pest. Top dressing at the beginning of growth is carried out 1-2 times with nitrogen substances, and potassium and superphosphate can be added during the flowering period.
The harvest of zucchini of this hybrid is expected in July or early August, depending on climatic characteristics. Fruiting for him is long, so it will be possible to feast on ripe fruits until late autumn.
Producers declare that the fruits do not overripe
The producers stated that the fruits do not overripe, however, when they are on the plant for a long time (about a week), their peel begins to coarse. Therefore, for fresh consumption, it is worth picking young zucchini, since they have a very thin peel. For long-term storage in refrigerated chambers, ripe zucchini with a denser skin are more suitable.
Zucchini Cavili F1 contains many vitamins, nutritious, tender, tasty pulp, sweetish. Ideal for canning. When salted and pickled, they acquire a characteristic crunch, do not lose their taste. Also popular fresh (raw), for frying, grilling, stewing.