Cyprinus carpio - Carp


CARP


Note 1

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Animalia

Phylum

:

Chordata

Subphylum

:

Vertebrata

Class

:

Actinopterygii

Order

:

Cypriniformes

Family

:

Cyprinidae

Kind

:

Cyprinus

Species

:

Cyprinus carpio

Common name

: carp

GENERAL DATA

  • Body length: 30 - 60 cm
  • Weight: 0.5 - 4 kg (as an average value)
  • Lifespan: 10 - 15 years in the wild, up to 50 years in captivity
  • Sexual maturity: boys 3-5 years old - girls 4-5 years old
  • Reproduction: from May to June or when the water temperature reaches 18 ° C
  • Interval between births:1 years

HABITAT AND GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

Carp, scientific name Cyprinus carpio of the dei family Cyprinidaeit is a freshwater fish native to Europe but now very widespread in aquedolas practically all over the world except in the coldest areas (poles and northern Asia). It was introduced as an edible fish thanks also to its ability to live without problems in stagnant, oxygen-poor waters. In fact, today only in some areas of the Danube is it possible to find wild carp.

The ideal places for carp are calm freshwater stretches with rich vegetation (essential for reproduction).

CHARACTER, BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL LIFE

The adult carp is a solitary animal, especially large ones; only the youngest specimens can be found in groups.

Most of the time it spends in search of food, rummaging in the seabed during the day while at night it rests near the bottom of the lake or river.

It is a very shy fish and if it is near the surface of the water and hears noises, it runs away quickly. One reason why it rises to the surface is due to the sun in fact on hot days the carp loves to emerge to stay in the sun. She is as shy as she is curious, in fact she must always check and analyze everything she finds.

It is not a migratory fish and tends to remain in the birth area for life.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Carp is a fish that can become huge if it finds ideal conditions. The average length is 30 - 60 cm with an average weight of 05-4 kg but it is not uncommon for the common carp to reach 15-20 kg.

It is a fish without teeth and in their place it has two bony plates placed in the throat called "pharyngeal bones" which have the task of crushing the food after it has been swallowed, practically chewing it as it goes down the throat. It has no stomach so the food passes directly into the intestine from which nutrients are extracted.

On either side of the lips grow two pairs of called skin filamentsbarbels which serve to identify and recognize food in the muddy seabed.

The carp has a long dorsal fin that runs along the entire body and a large ventral fin (larger in males than in females).

A peculiarity of the carp is the particularly large swim bladder (the bag which in fish is filled with gas and serves for buoyancy and hydrostatic thrust).

The scales can be more or less widespread and of variable shape and color so that, on the basis of them, three subspecies have been classified:

  • Cyprinus carpio communis which is the common carp with large and numerous scales;
  • Cyprinus carpio specularis (mirror carp) characterized by the fact that it has few and large shiny scales on the back and sides;
  • Cyprinus carpio coriaceus (leather carp), characterized by the absence of scales and therefore with a thick and leathery skin.

EATING HABITS

The typical diet is invertebrates, crustaceans, seabed vegetation.To identify the food the carp moves the mud of the seabed with its mouth and barbels.In this way the worms, small crustaceans, insect larvae come to the surface and at that point the carp sucks up water with food, removes water from the gills while the tongue holds food in the mouth and then is swallowed.

REPRODUCTION AND GROWTH OF CHILDREN

The time of reproduction of the carp depends on the temperature of the water: it has been observed that carp living in warm countries reproduce earlier than those living in cold countries (approximately the temperature must be around 18 ° C for this to happen. reproduction).

When ready for reproduction, the female goes in search of an area with low water, a dense vegetation especially of macrophytes (vegetal species have in common the very small size and which are found in the sweet surface waters) and lays unfertilized eggs on the plants. aquatic to which the eggs adhere. A medium-sized female (about 45 cm) can lay up to 300,000 eggs. The male, which is nearby, fertilizes the eggs by covering them with sperm. After five days the eggs hatch (sometimes three days are enough if the water is particularly hot, between 25 and 32 ° C).

When the young (fry) are born they attach themselves to the leaves to stay hidden and feed on animal microorganisms (zooplankton) until they reach 2 cm in length. At that point they swim away and begin their autonomous life.

IPREDATION

The adult carp has no natural enemies (except man) while most of the fry are caught by aquatic predators such as pike, perch, trout and probably also by birds such as herons.

SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ECOSYSTEM IMPORTANCE

In general, it can be said that carp is normally seen as an annoying and harmful fish because it tends to worsen the quality of the water and because it makes it cloudy with its continuous rummaging in the seabed in search of food (therefore the visibility and the possibility of light to reach greater depths, precluding plant life) and because, given its great prolificacy, it depletes phytoplankton and releases its own excrements into the water, worsening the quality of the water. Despite this it is a fish that has been imported all over the world as a food.

CURIOSITY'

Carp is an animal that can grow very large: 1 m long specimens weighing over 30 kg were caught.

Note
  1. Photo taken from ICPDR International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River

Carp (peix)

There carp, carp of Holland or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) és una espècie de peix d'aigua dolça emparentada amb el carpí daurat, amb la which fins i tot pot tenir descendència híbrida. Ha estat introduïda en tots els continents excepte a l'Antàrtida. In different parts of Europe carp is very popular in fishing existeixen esquers específics for seva captura. In la República Txeca, Eslovàquia, Polònia i Croàcia the carp is a plat tradicional del dia de Nadal.

It is a robust peix i de mida gran, que pot arribar a fer més d'un meter de longitud i sobrepassar els 40 kg de pes. The form of the cos is molt variable, en funció parcialment del tipus d'ambient aquàtic ocupat, tot i que en general tendix a ésser alt i comprimit. Les escates són grosses i la pell té tons daurats. The aleta dorsal és molt llarga, i ocupa la meitat del cos, té a perfil còncau i a sparse primer molt dur i serrat. The seva corpulència i la longitud de the aleta dorsal permeten easily identify the carp of the fora of the aigua. Presents dos parells de barbes al voltant de la boca, el primer d'ells molt curt. Els individus juvenils held a dark taca at the base of the aleta caudal, que es perd als pocs mesos de vida. It features an espina dorsal serrada característica i les seves escames són llargues i fines. Els mascles tenen the aleta ventral més llarga que les femelles. El color i la mida és molt variable, especialment en els exemplars domèstics. S'han descrit tres subespècies segons els patrons queegueixen les escames:

  • C. carpio communis (escamosa carp): Les escames són concèntriques regulars.
  • C. carpio specularis (carp mirall): Les escames formen una filera a ambdós costats. The remains of the cos està nu.
  • C. carpio coiaceus (carpa de cuir): Poques or cap escama in the esquena i pell molt fina.

És present a gran part de la península Ibèrica, majoritàriament el curs mitjà i baix dels rius. Originàriament s'estenia des de l'Est of Europe fins to the East of Asia. It should be a de les primeres espècies introduïda de forma generalitzada fora de la seva àrea native. Es think that les carpes introduïdes to Europe originating from the població salvatge de la conca del Danubi, which els romans ja van expandir cap a l'oest. Actualment la carp es troba establerta com a espècie invading a més de 120 països de tots els continents.

Té un impacte ecològic important, ja que remena els sediments fins del riu amb el morro, això involves the resuspensió of a great quantity of sediment, fet que afavoreix sovint eutrofització (creació d'algues a partir d'aigües brutes) i afecta negativament de retruc molts elements dels medis aquàtics (vegetació submergida, ànecs capbussadors.).

It is an espècie amb a wide range of environmental tolerància, tot i que prefereix grans masses of aigua amb poc o gens de current i substrats tous. For aquest motiu, és freqüent als trams baixos dels rius i els seus aiguamolls associats, i és també omnipresent als embassaments. Sovint apareix en basses aïllades, always a partir d'introduccions. És molt resistent a la contaminació orgànica i a baixes concentracions d'oxigen in Aigua.

La seva alimentació inclou tant elements animals (invertebrats bentònics) com vegetals (algues, fanerogames, llavors), que troba remenant els sediments fins. Els exemplars més grans també inclouen en la seva diet petits peixos with barons or pseudosarbores.

The reproduction takes place between els mesos d'abril i juny, always en aigües tranquil·les, to prop de la vora i amb presència de vegetació submergida or emergent com ara bogues or canyís. Les femelles a punt for realitzar la fresa entren a la vegetació Seguides d'un or diversos mascles i formen sorollosos grups que agiten vigorosament les plantes amb forts cops de cua. Els ous queden enganxats a la vegetació, i la seva eclosió es produeix als 4-5 dies. During l'època de reproducció, els mascles demonstren nombrosos petits tubercles nupcials escampats pel cap i el cos.

Els principals depredadors de la carp actualment són els peixos sol. Són uns peixos de mida petita d'origen americà, que s'han estès massivament for les aigües de many països. Aquests peixos es mengen els ous de les carpes i other peixos quan són acabats de pondre. Another depredador de la carp is el lights, but like those who have pocs comparat amb el nombre de carpes, no els afecta gaire. For acabar, a further depredadors potencials d'aquests ciprínids serien el corb marí or el bernat pescaire. Aquestes aus, however, només ataquen els exemplars petits.


Introduction

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is one of the widely cultured commercially important freshwater fish species in the world (FAO 2013). C. carpio is native to Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It can tolerate a wide range of water quality parameters. In natural water bodies, this species can survive in very low water temperature and it can tolerate low concentrations and supersaturation of dissolved oxygen (Banarescu and Coad 1991).

Common carp is omnivorous fish species that consume animals (aquatic insects, macroinvertebrates, and zooplankton) and plant origin (phytoplankton, macrophytes) (Rahman et al. 2008, 2009 Weber and Brown 2009). C. carpio grows rapidly, achieves sexual maturation in the second year of life, and is highly fertile (about 2 million eggs per female) (Balon 1975 Hossain et al. 2016). The combination of these features allows developing invasiveness potential (Troca and Vieira 2012).

Knowledge of fish reproductive biology is very important for the rational utilization of fish stocks and their sustainable production (Cochrane 2002 Temesgen 2017). Understanding the reproductive aspects of fish is also very important for providing sound scientific advice in fishery management (Hossain et al. 2017 Khatun et al. 2019).

Common carp have been introduced into many water bodies throughout the world, including Europe, Australia, North America, Africa, and Asia. The wide distribution and successful introductions of common carp are mostly due to their tolerance to variable environmental conditions (Forester and Lawrence 1978), as well as to their capability for early sexual maturity and rapid growth (Koehn 2004).

Cyprinus carpio was first introduced to Aba Samuel Dam (Awash River basin) in 1940 from Italy (Getahun 2017). Later, C. carpio has been introduced in Lake Ziway in the late 1980s (FAO 1997 Abera et al. 2015), in highland lakes such as Ashengie, Ardibo, and Maybar (Golubtsov and Darkov 2008) for food security purpose, and the introduction was successful. Common carp were introduced to Lake Hayq accidentally from Lake Ardibo in 2008 (Wolde Mariam, Personal Communication 2018) through Ankerkeha River that connects the two lakes during the rainy season. Though common carp have established recently in Lake Hayq, it is dominating the other commercially important fish species, Nile tilapia and catfish. Fishermen of Lake Hayq believe that the current stunt growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is due to the recent invasion of common carp in the lake.

Though there are some research works conducted in different water bodies of Ethiopia on common carp reproductive biology such as Hailu (2013) in Amerti Reservoir, Abera (2015) in Lake Ziway, and Asnake (2010) in Lake Ardibo, there is no information on the reproductive biology of common carp in Lake Hayq. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish baseline data on growth and condition, sex ratio, fecundity, length at first sexual maturity, and spawning seasons of common carp and design management strategy for the population of common carp in Lake Hayq.


Materials and methods

Study area and sampling techniques

Study area

The study was conducted in Lake Hayq. Lake Hayq is located in the North Central highlands of Ethiopia. It is a typical example of highland lake of Ethiopia with volcanic origin. Geographically, it lies between 11 ° 3 ′ N to 11 ° 18 ′ N latitude and 39 ° 41 ′ E to 39 ° 68 ′ E longitude with an average elevation of 1911 meters above sea level. The lake has a closed drainage system, and the total watershed area is about 77 km 2 of which 22.8 km 2 is occupied by Lake Hayq. According to Demlie et al. (2007), the average depth of the lake is 37 m, and the maximum depth is 81 m. The only stream entering the lake is the Ankerkeha River, which flows into its southeastern corner. According to Fetahi et al. (2011), Lake Hayq is classified as a small highland freshwater (Fig. 1).

Location map of Lake Hayq with respect to Ethiopia and Amhara Regional State

Climate

Among the climate variables, only maximum and minimum temperatures and rainfall of Lake Hayq were available at Kombolcha Meteorological Agency. In 2018, the average monthly maximum and minimum temperature around Lake Hayq was 25.9 and 9.9 ° C, respectively (Fig. 2). The annual rainfall were 1200 mm (Fig. 3). The rainfall and the temperature variability around Lake Hayq for the last 10 years (2009–2018) were very low. The average monthly minimum and maximum temperature and annual rainfall were 9.8 ° C, 26.6 ° C, and 1205.6 mm, respectively (Kombolcha Meteorological Agency, 2019).

Monthly maximum and minimum temperature variation of Lake Hayq in 2018

Monthly rainfall variation of Lake Hayq in 2018

Sampling techniques

Fishery date

Three sampling sites were selected based on the impact of human and livestock activities. These are littoral site with intensive human activities related to recreation in lodges pelagic site, less impact from human and livestock and river mouth (Ankerkeha River), carrying huge silt every year (Table 1). The sampling sites were fixed with GPS, and a map was generated (Fig. 1). Fish specimens were collected each month for 1 year using gill nets of 4, 6, 8, 10, and 13 cm stretched mesh sizes through setting the nets overnight in the lake and beach seines of 6 cm mesh size. Data such as length, weight, sex, and maturity stages were collected in the field immediately after the fish were caught.

Some biological aspects of common carp

Length-weight relationship

The relationship between total length (TL) and total weight (TW) of C. carpio was calculated using power function as in Bagenal and Tesch (1978).

a Intercept of the regression line

b Slope of the regression line

Condition factor (Fulton factor)

The wellbeing of common carp was determined by using the Fulton condition factor as indicated in Bagenal and Tesch (1978).

Fulton condition factor was calculated as:

where TW is the total weight in grams and TL is the total length in centimeters

Sex ratio

Sex ratio was determined using the formula:

Fecundity

The absolute fecundity (AF) of individual females was determined gravimetrically (Bagenal and Braum 1987), with the number of ripe oocytes counted from triplicates of 1-g sub-sample of the ovary. The relationship between absolute fecundity with total length, total weight, and gonad weight was determined using least squares regression.

Spawning season

The spawning season was determined from the percentages of fish with ripe gonads taken each month (Hossain and Ohtomi 2008) and from monthly GSI variations (Hossain et al. 2017). The spawning seasons of C. carpio were determined based on monthly variations of the gonadosomatic index (GSI):

where Wg is the gonad weight (g) and W is the total weight (g) of the fish (Ricker 1975).

Maturity estimation

Total length (cm) and total weight (g) of each specimen of common carp were measured at the sampling sites using measuring board and sensitive balance, respectively. After dissection, the gonad maturity of each specimen was identified using a 5-point maturity scale (Wudneh, 1998). The length at which 50% of both sexes reached maturity (L50) was determined from the percentages of mature fish selected from peak breeding seasons (March – April) and fitted to the logistic equation described by Echeverria (1987).

Data analysis

Descriptive statistics (frequency, percentages, and graphs) and inferential statistics (chi-square, independent t test, linear, and logistic regression) were used to summarize the collected data. SPSS Software Package version 16 and R 3.3.1 were used to summarize the collected data.


Contained

The carp común ye a pexe proceeding from Asia que s'introdució en cuasi tolos llugares del mundu. Sábese que la carp común atopar nos ríos Tigris, Éufrates y Danubiu fai unos 2000 años. It was an espécime con forma de torpedu, y de color doráu y mariellu. Tenía dos pares de cazos y una piel escamada que recordaba a la malla. Vivíen en grandes piscines romanes in the centru y sur of Europe (demostróse esti fechu al atopar restos de carpa n'escavaciones in the Danubiu).

Ye nativa de cuerpos d'agües enllancaes or lentes de les rexones templaes of Europe and Asia. Ye un animal ubicuu, de bon cultivu y tien la carauterística de ser ectotermo y euritermal. Ye a bien resistant animal, capaz de vivir n'agües salobres with a temperature ente 17 y 24 ° C. En munchos llugares waves foi introducida considérase una amenaza pal ecosystem por cuenta de la so preferred pol sustratu vexetal de los fondos pocu fondos, que sirve d'alimentu a numberoses especies animales.

Por cuenta de el so potencial invader o la susceptibilidá de convertise nuna amenaza grave por competir coles especies monteses autóctones, alter the so pureza xenética o los equilibrios ecolóxicos, n'España esta especie foi incluyida -por sentencia xudicial del Tribunal Supremuñol d'Especies exótiques Invasores, aprobáu por Real Decretu 630/2013, de 2 d'agostu, tando prohibida n'España la so introducción nel mediu natural.

The so alimentación mainly consists of plantes acuátiques, anque tamién puede comer artrópodos, zooplankton or inclusive pexes muertos si preséntase la ocasión.

  • Cyprinus carpio carpio (European carp). Esti d'Europe (mainly nes cuenques del Danubiu y Volga). [4] [5]
  • Cyprinus carpio haematopterus. Esti of Asia. [5] [6]
  • Cyprinus carpio rubrofuscus. Sudeste asiáticu. [5] Consider it as an independent species: Cyprinus rubrofuscus según dellos autores. [7]

Ta emparentáu col carpín doráu (Carassius auratus), especie cola que ye capaz d'hibridar. [8] [9]

The carp común puede llegar a midir 1,2 m de llargu y hasta 40 Kg de pesu, anque de normal mide n'estáu adultu de 60-90 cm, y el so pesu ronda los 9 Kg. Nada forming cardúmenes ye omnívora, y resistant to a great variety of climatic conditions. Diéronse casos de especímenes que llegaron a vivir 65 años. Los exemplares selvaxes son más pequeños y esnachaos que los domésticos.

It features a escayu dorsal zarrada carauterística y les sos escames son llargues y fines. Los machos tienen the aleta ventral más llarga que les femes. El color y el tamañu ye bien variable, especially nos exemplares domésticos. Describiéronse trés subespecies basándose nos patrones que siguen les escames [ensin referencies] :

Les carpes de normal muévense en grupos amenorgaos alredor de los 5 individos. La dómina de cría empieza en primavera y acaba a principes de branu. Prefieren agües pocu fondes with a trupa cubierta vexetal. Les femes depositen los güevos ente la maleza y el machu fecundar externamente. Los güevos queden fitos al sustratu hasta que eclosionan. Envalórase qu'una fema puede poner hasta un millón de güevos, anque la media pa una fema adult ta en 300,000 güevos.

El tiempu que tarden en eclosionar ta rellacionáu cola temperature de agua. With a good incubation (agua at 30 ° C) nacen a los trés díes. Los neonatos nun miden más de 6 mm y a los 8 mm yá sumió dafechu la yema. Los machos de normal algamen antes el maduror sexual que les femes, anque pa dambos sexos ronda polos 4 años. [ensin referencies]

Les carpes comunes son peces omnívoros. Alimentar de plantes acuátiques, pero tamién prefieren buscar no fondero de los llagos or ríos inseutos, crustáceos, zooplankton y bentos.

Los koi (del xaponés コ イ Koi, 'carp', que'l so homónimu tamién means 'love' or 'ciñu') son variedaes ornamentales doméstiques de la carpa común. Créese que son orixinaries of Asia oriental, dende'l Sea of ​​Aral hasta'l Mar Caspiu. The cultivu de les carpes ornamentales florió en China mientres la Qing Dynasty y en Xapón cola Yera Yayoi. Créese que los koi traen bona suerte. Al igual que les carpes selvaxes, los koi son pexes bien resistentes.

In sieglu IV A.D. yá se mentaben carpes de colores en llibros chinos y coreanos. Sicasí, nun ye hasta'l sieglu XIX when empieza a popularizase de manera meaningful na prefeutura Niigata de Xapón. Los granxeros d'arroz yá criaben carpes comunes p'alimentu. Éstos dieron cuenta de qu'había carpes de color más brillosu que les habituales, lo que les faía más vulnerables to los depredadores. Criar y cruciaron hasta formar pautes de colores bien definíes.

El hobby nun s'estendió por tou Xapón sinón hasta 1914, when it s'espunxeron na esposición añal de Tokiu. La cría de carpes ornamentales n'estanques koi popularizar per tol mundu, siendo llevaes dende Asia al restu de los países. Gracies a l'apaición de la bolsa de plásticu, mientres los tresportes en barcu only if producíen muertes, fechu que fomentó la expansion de los koi. Anguaño son pexes típicos de les tiendes d'animales, y criadores especializaos llegaron a criar exemplares valoraos en 100,000 euros.


Behavior of the Pez Carpa

The species of carp pez es muy tranquila. The behavior of the family of the Cyprinidae is generally the misma. No son peces solitarios y se encuentran en grupos pequeños, son muy sociables y pueden estar during muchos años en convivencia como otras especies de peces.

If you desarrollan easily en cualquier habitat or espacio, mientras puedan consumir la alimentación correcta. The mayor habilidad del pez carp is kept in the bottom of the sea and constantly moved in search of the suelo.

The quiet behavior of the pez carp lo hace una especie muy apreciada en el medio doméstico. On manutención es fácil y puede estar inside de una pecera adecuada, como otras especies. It can form part of the estate or acuario for the utilidad para consumir vegetal organism.


De freza period.

The freza de la carp holds lugar en los meses de mayo y junio, aunque can extenderse to the month of August.

The cantidad de huevos que la hembra deposits, can be considered próxima al quinientos mil.

(Hacer tabla) Los alevines, a la edad de un año, pesan cerca de ocho gramos a los dos años, unos treinta gramos. A carp de cuatro años weighs one kilogram in los 5 años, de dos a cuatro kilos in los 6 años, look for cinco kilos.

El hábitat de la carp es muy extenso, ya que es posible encontrarla desde canales hasta ríos, lagos y estanques.

Por norma general, no la gustan los ríos con excesiva corriente aunque puede sobrevivir perfectly en los que en ciertas épocas del año sufren crecidas. No obstante, las aguas apacibles pre-show with rebosante flora, riberas frondosas y una cierta profundidad.

En aguas tranquilas y ricas en vegetación, the hembras ponen los huevos sobre plantas acuáticas y, preferably, look for the surface.

The reproducción en sí de las carpas es bastante fogosa. Los machos, muy excitados, in el instant de la freza aparecen totally alterados. Pueden efectuar furiosas carreras en las posturas más diferentes as realizar espectaculares saltos fuera de la surface.

Las hembras, más pesadas que los machos, buscarán el sitio apropiado para depositar las huevas. Una vez escogido el sitio, permanecerán inmóviles hasta hacer descender lenta y con delicadeza los huevos sobre las hojas acuáticas.

Apenas han sido depositados los huevos, one of the pretendientes if he falls sobre ellos y los fecunda de manera inmediata.

Los huevos de las carpas son pequeños, tienen un color verdoso y son muy numerosos. En una hembra pequeña de quinientos gramos se han contado más de doscientos.

El desarrollo es bastante rápido. A los 3 años de edad, a carp es ya capaz de reproducirse. A pesar de esto, hay entre unos y otros individuos notables diferencias de tamaño debido al entorno en que el pez va medrando.

En estado libre, a carp of 3 years weighs por término medio quinientos gramos, with a longitudinal veinticinco a treinta y cinco cm. A carp, bien alimentada y cuidada, a los 3 años puede llegar a pesar hasta dos kilos.

Give the huge proliferation of the carp, in the lives if extraen all the años muchos alevines to prevent the hairy growth of the populace. Por lo general, los pequeños sacados de los viveros are introducidos en otras aguas with the intentions of repoblars.

Las carpas pequeñas, a lo largo de su primer año de vida, sirven de food a todos y cada one de los carnívoros acuáticos. It changes when it comes to life, the moment in which the dejarán de representar food para ninguna otra especie.

Los principales devoradores de alevines de carpa son la nutria y el lucio. En pantanos y en los arrozales, los oponentes más temibles are determinadas especies de aves como son las garzas, cigüeñas, patos, etc.

Las carpas en cautividad se habitúan ready a la cautividad y aprenden a conocer a quien les alimenta and inclusive a contestar a llamada, singularly yes if hace with a bell or bien with a silbato.


Cyprinus carpio - Carp

Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Carp are the largest members of the minnow family. They are heavy-bodied fish and are usually bronze colored with large scales, each with a dark spot at the base. Their dorsal fin is long, containing one serrated spine in the front of the fin and more than 16 soft rays. They have two barbels on each side of the upper jaw.

First introduced into this country from Europe in 1876, the carp has since spread from coast to coast. They are widely distributed in New York. Carp tolerate most aquatic habitats, but prefer warm streams or lakes with muddy bottoms where they feed primarily on plankton, insects, and aquatic plants. Carp spawn in late spring. Their small, adhesive eggs are broadcast in shallow, weedy water.

Carp are considered a nuisance by most fishermen because of their mud-bottom feeding habits and their tendency to uproot plants while feeding. Feeding carp create considerable turbulence, which results in muddy water. Thus, their feeding areas are unsuitable for more popular gamefish. However, some people fish specifically for carp, which is understandable considering the sporty size some of these fish attain (over 50 pounds). They are also taken by bow and arrow fishermen.

In many parts of the world carp are considered a valuable human food resource. They have yet to acquire that reputation in the United States, and it is generally agreed that introduction of carp was a serious mistake. The carp story is an excellent example of the extreme care that must be exercised when one is tempted to "improve" upon the natural distribution of animal species.

Distribution of common carp in NY state.

A 273 KB image of the is also available for download.


Video: Common Carp European Carp - Cyprinus Carpio 4K


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